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Vol. XXXVIII.— No. 1. 


SATURDAY, JULY 6, 1889. 

( $3 a Year, In Advance. 

( Single Copies, 10 Cis. 

Fun in Olden Time. 

We have had so much that ia pathetic or 
tragic, grandly eloquent or deeply significant, 
in the engravings which we have chosen here- 

conversation was the deep-sounding periods of 
the orator. 

It ia quite natural that such an impression 
should grow in the youthful mind which ia fed 
upon the battle scenes of the child's histories. 

Probably this fact cannot be better signified 
by a single picture than by the reproduction of 
a humorous scene in the colonial time, from 
the beautiful painting by Rosenthal, which we 
present on this page. It is a scene in which 

even in colonial times people were human, and 
enjoyed a good time as well as their descend- 
ants, and possibly knew better than we the 
difference between amusement and dissipation. 
The picture will be especially acceptable as it 


tofore as appropriate to the Fourth of July sea- 
son, that for variety we choose a theme this 
year which ia indicative of quite another phase 
of the ancient thought and behavior. The 
young are especially liable to conceive the 
thought that the fathers and mothers of the 
republic were a very serious not to say gloomy 
lot of people, upon whom devoted patriotism 
descended like a brooding cloud, whose daily 
oondaot was made up of heroic deeds and whose 

or the rhetoric of the Fourth of July oration. 
It is true, of course, that the times were such 
as try men's souls, and during the trials, sacri- 
fices and struggles of the war for independence 
no doubt a seriousness pervaded the people'who 
were participating in such a dangerous experi- 
ment as defying the authority of the English 
king; but it is a mistake to think that our an- 
cestors were gloomy people and that fun had 
no place in their lives. 

mirth can be seen on every face and in every 
posture. The old dancing-master, overcome by 
his enthusiasm, has taken the floor, fiddle in 
hand, with his most beautiful pupil, and is go- 
ing through the dance with all the ardor, and 
apparently with a good part of the grace of his 
youth.^while the other dancers have fallen back 
in keen enjoyment of the spectacle. 

Tt is a pretty picture, and its significance in 
the present conneotion^is a demonatration'that 

is a California artist's conception of the fan of 
the olden time. 

The Gbeen Midge, a little insect which al- 
most entirely destroyed the wheat crop of In- 
diana in 1865, has reappeared in that State, 
and its ravages are alarming. 

Last fall a number of ^orange trees were 
planted at Florence, Idaho. They are growing 


pACIFie F^URAlo f RESS. 

[Jolt 6. 1889 


CorrespoDdeDta ue alone responsible for their opinions. 

lone Valley. 

(Written for the Press bv S. L H.J 
As the shadows come slowly creeping 

Up the valley and from the west. 
And cool winds are lightly sweeping 

O'er grain-fields with golden creit, 
I in fancy recall the dawning, 

So many long years ago, 
Of a glorious summer morning 

O'er yon glittering peaks ot snow. 

What a beaatiful sight must have greeted the 
eyes of the tired traveler who first from an emi- 
nenne of the foothills caught sight of the beau- 
tiful valley situated in Amador county and 
long known by the name "lone Valley." The 
wild oats, it is caid, stood a waving, level sea 
higher than a man's head. Two clear streams 
of water, as yet unstained by mining debris, 
meandered unobstructed through its length, 
joining their forces at its lowest point. Im- 
mense live-oaks spread their drooping branches 
to the earth, affording a protecting shelter in 
summer or winter for the wild deer or wilder 
natives of the country. Wild vines trailed low, 
or climbed to the topmost branches of the trees 
on the banks of the streams, their perfect 
clusters of purple fruit nestling temptingly be- 
neath the fast' changing and falling leave.]. 

Rising in picturesque forms on every side of 
the lovely vale were undulating hills covered 
with evergreen trees, whispering pines, oaks, 
chaparral with white, fragrant blossoms, patches 
of pale-blue myrtle, manzanita bushes with brill- 
iant stalks surmounted with glossy leaves, 
waxlike blossoms and dainty berries. Here and 
there was to be seen a brilliant patch of glow- 
ing red berries like heaps of fire. Through all 
the narrow space between the shrubbery, and 
beneath the dark-green trees, shone like yellow 
gold the luxuriant ripened graas. Silent all, 
save the riotous song of birds, the chirp and 
hum of insect life, the rippling of stream and 
the soothing rustling of the leaves as the light 
breeze passed through them. The bright blue 
sky arching grandly above seemed to rest down 
just beyond the surrounding bills, encircling all 
in a loving embrace. 

How this lovely valley came to be called 
lone is a disputed question, although there are 
some living here still who were here at a very 
early period of its settlement by the whites. 
Some claim that it was so named from the fre- 
quent utterance of the words " I own, ' by one 
of its early settlers by the name of Hicks. 
When asked by parties: "Whose land is that, 
or that?" "Whose cattle are those?" 
" Whose band of horses ? " " Whose sheep ? " 
the reply invariably was, " I own it or them," 
as the case might be. Thus it came to be a 
saying, " Hicks owns the valley," and it finally 
became "lone valley." 

Others claim that from its beauty it was 
called lone, or named for some beautiful wom- 
an of that name. Howbeit, the valley is 
beautifal, the name is beautiful, and neither, 
I think, will ever change. 

At its upper or eastern end, creeping slowly 
but surely up the " big hill," nestles the village 
of the same name. Its numerous cozy homes 
are almost buried amid trees and clinging vines; 
fruit of all kinds is abundant, each in its sea- 
son. Glowing blossoms decorate the yards 
and fill the air with fragrance. A large, sub- 
stantially built brick schoolhouse and an 
efficient corps of teachers speak well for the ed- 
ucational advantages for the children of the 
place. Four well-constructed churches, each 
one well attended, speaks volumes for the re- 
ligious sentiment of the citizens. Two drug 
stores and as many resident physicians speak as- 
snringly of the means for the speedy restora- 
tion to health, should one fall ill. Four well- 
stocked general merchandise stores and a boun- 
tiful meat market stand ready to supply almost 
any want of the people. Two hotels are well 
fitted to furnish good food and comfortable 
shelter for the traveling public. 

One weekly paper, the /one Valley Echo, af- 
fords a means of advertising and chronicles the 
doings of the place and vicinity. 

Where once the wild oats waved in emerald 
green is now crossed and zigzagged by many 
lines of fence, cutting up the lovely valley into 
farms great and small. Orchards in many 
places have taken the place of the live-oak 
groves. Vineyards, orchards and wheat fields 
occupy much of the space. Black walnut trees 
have been planted along the line of some of the 
roads and lanes, and yield an abundance of 

When this garden spot was in its first early 
bloom, after being settled by an enterprising 
class of people from the East, and every one 
who was fortunate enough to own a portion of 
its prolific soil felt that he was rich indeed, and 
every one was prosperous and at peace with his 
neighbor, and lone was considered by its resi- 
dents as the " Eden of California," that greatest 
of all blights, a floating Spanish grant, embrac- 
ing I forget how many leagues, was floated 
over the bare plains west of here — over the dry 
hills and less promising country on either side, 
and settling down, took solid root where the 
land was already in a high state of cultivation, 
the homes made, the vineyards planted, 
the orchards in bearing. It floated not in 
square leagues as perhaps was intended, but 
narrowed here where the soil was not so good. 

widened again and strained and reached out so 
as to take in this home and that grain-field, and 
still another orchard and vineyard, rested its 
eastern line just above the village, and all that 
was lovely and desirable belonged to one man of 
yellow visage — "Senor Andreas Pico." 

As the price of a title to what each had con- 
sidered his own, and had, in many instances, 
paid a high price for previously, a sum was re- 
quired equal to the full value of the land, and 
the improvement put on the same at the set 
tier's own expense, an effectual check was put 
upon all industries, and from which lone is 
now slowly but surely recovering. 

The " Grant " has several times changed 
bands. The grand early settlers, most of them 
became impoverished and sought homes else- 
where. Thousands of acres of fairly cultiva- 
ble land are inclosed by barbed wire fencing 
into one immense field for stock-grazing — many 
acres of the richest loam in the valley are de- 
voted to the raising of alfalfa and pasturing of 
hogs. Still the people hope that one day this 
place will become one of importance. 

The fair erounds and pavilion for Agricult- 
ural Fair, No. 26, are located here. The " Pres- 
ton School of Industry " is to be built here in 
the near future. 

There are extensive beds of fairly good coal 
that have been worked for years, and are still 
being worked. 

Quantities of good potters' clay are shipped 
to many places. There is a new quarry, said to 
be very valuable, of beautiful red sandstone 
for building purposes, lately opened and from 
which tons of rock are being hauled daily and 
shipped. A soil from which can be produced 
a good quality of anything you may wish to 
plant, and a climate equal to any other section 
of the S:ate. 

These are simply a few facts in regard to 
lone valley, of which much more might be 

<She ^piary. 

Foul-Brood in Kern County. 

Editors Press: — For some months I have 
been watching the development of what ap- 
pears to be a new disease among bees. Present 
appearances indicate that it will equal or eclipse 
the pests which have been preying upon the vari- 
ous farming industries. In September of ISSS, I 
noticed a rapid falling off in the flow of honey 
in one of the apiaries. A death -like stillness 
pervaded the hive. Here and there without 
any apparent cause well-filled combs were left 
to the destruction of the gay and festive moth- 
worm. We consulted the best authorities 
without avail. January capped the climax, 
when the bulk of the 170 colonies had passed 
over to join the silent majority. 

With the opening of spring we braced up and 
decided to try again, still on the hunt for 
causes, and we find the disease affecting our 
neighbors, and judging from present indications, 
will place a quietus upon the bee industry of 
this county. 

The working of this new disease is about as 
follows: The bees are dull, listless, trembling, 
and many dead about the hive, the brood balled 
headed and largely dead when two-thirds or 
fully developed. 'The queen is a failure, and 
the moth completes the work. I have no facili- 
ties for a microscopic examination, but I am of 
the opinion that it arises from a fungus or ani- 
malcule in the honey, 

We have arrived at the point in bee culture 
which our Eastern cotemporaries are earnestly 
seeking, viz,, non swarming colonies, there be- 
ing no more than an average of two swarms 
from 100 colonies about here; but, like our 
friend from the Emerald Isle who taught his 
cow to live without eating, the bothering things 
die in both cases. 

1 have noticed by occasional paragraphs what 
seemed to indicate the same trouble in other 
counties, and especially in Inyo and Ventura. 
Should be pleased to hear either through the 
Press or otherwise from interested parties. 

Bakers field, Kern Co. W. 

[We presume our correspondent is experienc- 
ing a visitation of the too well-known disease 
"foul-brood," which is, as he imagines, a fun- 
goid disease of most fatal and contagious char- 
acter. What can our readers say about treat- 
ment of it? — Eds. Press ! 

Havoc Among the Honey-Makers.— Los 
Gato^, June 14: S. S. Butler has a bee ranch 
of no hives near here in the Santa Cruz mount- 
ains. His honey crop averages 2^ tons a year. 
Four years ago the season was unusually favor- 
able and the yield amounted to nearly six tons. 
This year the bees began swarming very early, 
the lait of March, and the outlook was for a 
large crop of honey. Bat the severe winds early 
this month proved fatal to many busy little 
workers as well as to the honey crop. The 
bees, while in search of honey, were caught in 
the windstorm and full half of the workers were 
beaten to death before they could reach the 
shelter of their hives. 

For Tramps —The Coluea Sun says that an 
enterprising farmer in that vicinity has in- 
structed his foreman to post a notice where 
tramps would see it, bearing only the words: 
"To the harvest-field or to the paorhouse ! " 

How the Pigs Were Saved. 

Editors Press : — Last summer I was visit- 
ing in a farmer's family in Alameda county. 
The farming on this ranch was of a mixed char- 
acter. He milked six cows, raised some horses, 
had about 18 acres in fruit trees, raised grain, 
and also found it profitable to keep a yard of 
about 20 hogs of different ages, for which he 
found a ready market when fat enough for the 

One day I noticed my host and Mike (his 
faithful coadjutor in the care of the hog-yard, 
poultry-yard, corrals and barns) in deep consul- 
tation over a pig (about two months old) which 
acted very strangely. He would stagger about, 
froth at the month, finally fell on its side in 
convulsions that lasted a few minutes; but whtn 
he came out of the spasm and staggered to his 
feet again, he seemed delirious. My host cut the 
end of the pig's tail off, thinking a little blood- 
letting might be beneficial. It bled freely for 
two minutes, then suddenly stopped, but bled 
again when the convulsions returned. I had 
gone out to see the sick pig, and asked why he 
did not try some simple remedy. "Fudge," 
he replied, "you cannot doctor a hog. How 
are yon going to get anything down him ?" 

" He is so small," said I, "we can manage 
that, and this pig will very likely die anyway. 
We can experiment a little on him; if he col 
lapses, we will make a post-mortem examina- 
tion, and as you probably know how the in- 
terior of a hog killed in a healthy condition 
should look, perhaps we can ascertain what is 
the matter, and in your big book on diseases of 
animals you may find a remedy that may avail 
something if any more sicken in this way." 

" What remedy would you suggest for this 
pig ?" said he. 

" Try sulphur in a little milk," was my sug- 
gestion. We took two even tablespoonfuls of 
sulphur, the same of whisky, and a teacup of 
milk; bent the side of a small can to make a 
spout. Mike held the pig as near perpendicu- 
lar as he could. We pried hie jaws open, put 
in a small round stick to keep them open, pour- 
ed the mixture slowly into the corner of the 
mouth. I think we got down two-thirds of the 
quantity we had prepared, and then laid the 
pig down; soon be had another convulsion. 
After half an hour, we set him on his feet; he 
began to stagger around, and gave signs that 
the tangle-foot he had imbibed was affecting 
his locomotion, tumbled down, and evidently 
wanted to be let alone. Meantime, he had 
discovered that the largest hogs were stagger- 
ing, and HRveral were standing stupidly, leg* 
braced as if they were sort of dazed. The farm- 
er scratched the northeast corner of his cranium 
vigorously, and gave vent to his disgust in this 

"It's no use. When I lived on the Ravens- 
wood ranch we lost nearly 40 hogs in this way, 
and once on this ranch I lost my best hoga 
taken in just the same manner. If a hog gets 
sick, ten chances to one it dies. You cannot 
doctor a hog as you can other animals." 

"Sulphur them," said I. " It's good for a 
variety of ills in man or beast; it will not hurt 
if it does not help, and they are not so very 
sick yet, I think, but that they will drink milk; 
the little pig is no worse, but he may die of 

My host is not a homeopathist; believes in 
big doses and heroic treatment. He filled a 
pound can (sach as baking-powder is sold in) 
twice full ot sulphur, and mixed it carefully 
with five gallons of sweet skimmed milk, and 
Mike carried it out and commenced in his most 
dulcet tones to call his psts. The well ones 
obeyed the call readily; when the others heard 
the sound of the milk as it poured out of the 
bucket, they made a rush, and being the largest 
hogs in the yard, they got their share. 

The farmer came in, lit his pipe and took hie 
chair, gave us a short lecture on the mutability 
of all things, and then took a trip into dream- 
land. The next morning Mike reported favor- 
ably of the hogs in the yard, but eaid the little 
one he " guessed was a goner." He had moved 
about two rods during the night, but was help- 
lees. He lay in that condition till afternoon; 
I pulled him about by the lege a little, tried to 
arouse him, but he seemed about dead. I re- 
ported his condition and said, " Sharpen your 
knife and get ready for the post mortem exam- 
ination of that pig, for it is best to know what 
is the trouble." 

Half an hour after that pig was reported 
missing, and after looking in every place it was 
probable a sick pig could get to, we heard of a 
stray pig being seen in a neighbor's dooryard, 
and it was founi a quarter of a mile down the 
road on the railroad track, waiting for the cars, 
I suppose. It took two boys and a dog a hard 
race of 15 minutes to get it back into the yard. 
It ran like a deer. It is not quite clear to my 
mind yet whether that pig wae playing possum 
when I made that last professional examination 
or whether he was reposing with one ear open 
and heard my proposition to have an autopsy 
for the benefit of science and the porcine race, 
and with the obstinacy of his kind, decided to 
disappoint us. Mike remarked that " he had a 
remark.ible healthy appetite for his evening 

The farmer felt a little disappointed as well 
as myself, although he was a pig ahead, for we 
both had expected to be able to dispense eolid 
chunks of wisdom and layers of knowledge 

about this particular disease of swine to the 
farmers of California, and to rightfully add P. 
D. (pig doctor) after our signatures. 

Finally the farmer said to me: " How are we 
to decide, now that we are cheated out of the 
chance of an autopsy on that pig, what was the 
cause of my pig's Budden illness?" I replied: 
" I make no pretensions to medical knowledge, 
but my education has not been wholly neg- 
lected, for I attended one course of lectures on 
mind cure last winter, and although I did not 
graduate, and cannot speak by the card, in this 
case I shall venture an opinion. 

" Your pigs in rooting around in that dirty 
corral ate something that, when taken into their 
circulatory apparatus, developed microbes, and 
it was those minute villainous wigglers that af- 
fected their unconscious minds, bat was ex- 
pressed on their bodies, principally in their 
heads and leg»; but to speak homeopathically, 
the symptoms indicated sulphur, but not 
whisky. Am I right? " 

" Very likely you are." he replied; "but how 
often one is reminded of the old proverb, ' A 
little learning is a dangerous thing.' I main- 
tain that the whisky killed the microbes. 
When the last one died, the unconscious mind 
resumed its normal functions, and that pig got 
up and dusted." M. A. S. 

San Jo>e Cal. 

^F^UIT ]pJ^ESERV7fltTI0|N. - 
The Dried-Fruit Industry. 


[Written for the Rural Press by J. R. F.) 
There are few who realize the vast strides 
made by this State in the dried fruit industry. 
It is only when figures are brought out giving 
each year's product that they see its great im- 
portance. The following, compiled from the 
very best sources of information, gives the pack 
in pounds since 1883 : 

»• > 31 
I » 


>• o J 2 -v > 


^ a. 9 


i i i 

,a ^ » 

000 o o 

Oi -4 p o 

10 M CTi 

-n_opj= OOOOpcnSppO*- 

o o 'o o o 55 o o o ^ o o " 

00 - o 

ro CO -^J I— 

- - — — Cn O 

8 8 

O tT" O 


■ ■ ■ I, s g s s 

o o <^ o 

S 8 



— J » o w» 


CS O o o 

o O o o Oi O 

8 S S 

o o o 01 

8 8 8 

00 = 

o ej o o 

o w 2 ^ !i? 2 

S^a o o o o o 

cn o w 9 9 

c o S 8 8 c 8 

A careful study of the above shows that the 
increase has been chiefly in peaches and apri- 
cots, French prunes have not increased to any 
great extent since 18S4, while German prunes 
have fallen off. Although the drying of French 
prunes has not made any rapid advance within 
the past five years, yet the outlook is favorable 
to a more marked progress in the future. The 
reasons for this will be noted further on in this 
article. The drying of grapes has made good 
progress, with a decided increase in last year. 
The drying of apples has fallen cff very heavily, 
for reasons that will be noted further on. The 
curing of figs appears to be about at a stand- 
still. Plums and pears have fallen off, while 
nectarines show a steady gain. 

There are many who fear that the industry 
will be overdone. This opinion is grounded on 
the steady growth of the State in population 
and a continued increase in the number of fruit- 
bearing trees planted each year. While the 
reasoning is plausible, yet it is evidently based 
on the fallacious theory that the consumption 
will not keep abreast of the production. There 
are two important considerations in diecussing 
the probable relations of consumption and pro- 
duction. With increased production necessarily 
come lower prices by reason of strong selling 
competition, but these lower prices are what is 
calculated to add to the general distribution 
and consumption of dried fruits. They, by 
coming within the reach of the many, find con- 
sumers where least expected. Again, their 
cheapness causes those who hold them in favor 
to consume still more. This is the history of 
trade in any and every article of commerce. 
In the cultivation of a taste for them their con- 
sumption and distribution are assured. Taking 
the statistics of the exports by sea from this 
city, it is seen that there has been a steady 

JoLY 6, 1889.] 

f ACIFie I^URAb f RESS. 


gain in the shipment? of dried fruits to the 
foreign ports in the Pacific; while by railroad 
to domestic distributive points the increase has 
been most remarkable. 

It must also be conceded that low prices and 
competition produce greater perfection, for 
when buyers are favored they discriminate close- 
ly, and only take at relatively good prices, fruits 
well selected, well cured, and well packed. 
This necessarily brings about the correct- 
ness of the old saying, that " whatever is worth 
doing at all, is worth doing well." Aside from 
the question of prices, it is generally admitted 
that nearly all kinds of California fruits have a 
superior fl tvor to those cultivated in the Cen- 
tral and Eastern States, and that this flavor 
is retained to a very great extent in the dried 
prodnct when properly cured. It is this su- 
periority which causes the fruits to be pushing 
themselves into favor, and which will, at ail 
times, cause them to be taken, all else being 
equal, in preference to others. In saying this 
it must not be considered that all sections in 
this State are adapted to the cultivation of 
every kind of fruits, for that is a wrong as- 
sumption. In the planting of fruits, to get 
their full worth or value, the soil and climate 
must be carefully studied. Probably no other 
farming requires more careful study or scien- 
tific principle than that of fruit, and probably 
no other returns better results to those who 
cultivate in this way. Take as an example, 
apples. It goes without saying that California 
apples have a poor reputation. Their flavor, 
keeping qaalities, and general appearance have 
not been equal to those dried from the apples 
cultivated in either the New England States or 
Oregon. This is destined to be overcome 
within the next few years, for it has been dem- 
onstrated that apple trees cultivated on the 
foothills and higher up produce a fruit having 
a superior flavor to those grown in nearly all 
the valley lauds. They not only have a fine 
flivor, but they have a more attractive appear- 
ance, besides being better keepers. They also 
make better dried apples both in flavor and 
for keeping, two eesential requisites that the 
fruit has heretofore been lacking, and which, 
no doubt, as compstition with Eastern dried 
apples grew stronger, caused less attention to be 
given to their being dried for market. 

The past season has shown the superiority of 
California French prunes over the imported, 
and the ready manner in which the Eiet be- 
gins to take them in preference to the imported 
encourages the belief that at no distant day 
the California product will not only monopo- 
lize the markets of the United States, but also 
find favor abroad. 

In speaking of the California French prunes, 
a large handler of the fruit fays: "With the 
excellent quality of the California prune, with 
its eetablisbed reputation now throughout all 
of the great Western cities, there is no reason 
whatever why these goods should be sold at the 
ridiculous prices at which they have been sold 
this year in Eistern cities. No change, how- 
ever, can be expected as long as these consign- 
ments continue. The California prune is a 
better fruit in every way than the French. It 
is of better quality when cooked and of bet- 
ter flavor. It is more like a date, and the far 
Western trade which have used them largely 
in the past few years we believe prefer them at 
higher prices than the imported goods. Last 
year a French ' process ' was introduced here, 
with the result that the color of the prunes so 
' processed ' were changed so as to imitate the 
French goods. While, of course, the fruit 
looks nice, in what way it is made any better, 
or of any more value, it is not easy to say. The 
natural French prune of California as it grows 
and as it is cured, without any ' processing,' is 
one of the choicest and best fruits that grows 
on this green earth. To doctor it and ' process ' 
it to make it black like the French fruit does 
not add one mite to its real merit. In fact, it 
greatly detracts in our opinion. It may be 
that some dealers will pay more for a few of 
these processed prunes, because they imitate 
the French, but we do not believe that the 
mass of the consuming public want them in 
that shape, or that they will pay as much for 
them as they will pay for the natural Califor- 
nia prune. Year by year the grading as to 
sizes is being improved upon, but there is still 
a good deal of room for improvement in this 
respect. A packer who grades his fruit straight 
60 to 75's to the pound, finds it difficult to 
compete with his neighbor who puts up his 
fruit running 70 to 100 to the pound and sten- 
cils it on his boxes, 60 to 75'8 to the pound. 
The Santa Clara valley may still be considered 
the home of the California prune, although 
many other new sections of the State are now 
producing fruit of an equal quality. There is 
room for any amount of expanse in the prune 
business, and California has tens of thousands 
of acres adapted to its industry." 

The German prune is not cultivated to any 
great extent in this State, although it is 
claimed that more trees have been set out of 
late years. The superiority of the French 
prunes causes them to be cultivated in prefer- 

In dried apriccts this State has made vatt 
strides. The fruit is fast winning its way into 
general favor, and being indigenous to this 
Stale, consumers elsewhere must rely on us for 
their supplies. A well-known firm in this city 
truthfully says that the product as turned out 
shows a continued improvement in quality, ap- 
pearance and general style of packing. The 
firm further says that as large as the product 
is, the great bulk of it was sold early and went 
into oonaamption. The apricot is a fruit par- 

ticularly indigenous to California, and as its 
merits become known, from a small trade at the 
beginning and a trifling demand, it has grown 
year by year -until there is no city to-day in 
America of any consequence but what uses the 
California apricot either in a canned or dried 
state. Neither is the market for this fruit con- 
fined to our own country. Now, evaporated 
and canned apricots can be found in most of the 
great European cities. While new orchards in 
various portions of the State are being planted 
and new ones yearly coming into bearing, there 
is, in ciir opinion, not the slightest chance of 
ever overdoing the apricot business, While it 
is true that prices may and will undoubtedly 
recede as the product increases, it is alnays 
bound to pay the growers a good round margin 
on their investment. 

The increase in the outturn of dried peaches 
is most remarkable, but not more so than their 
superior quality deserves. Probably there is 
no fruit in the world, in the way of a peach, 
equal to the Californian in size or in flavor, and 
when properly prepared for market it realizes 
the highest prices in all the trade centers of the 
Union. The market for our dried peaches, and, 
as for that matter, dried apricots also, has been 
and is steadily increasing, and where heretofore 
we have been largely dependent upon one or 
two large central markets to move our surplus, 
the demand is now becoming quite general 
throughout the United States. The planting of 
peach trees is reported on all hands, with trees 
of the very best known varieties being set out. 
As the product increases, the consumption 
grows, so that it seems as if the industry can- 
not be overdone. Although the quantity dried 
last year reached nearly 5,000,000 pounds, yet 
we go out of the season nith a comparatively 
bare market, which speaks well for the incom- 
ing crop. 

There is not much attention given to the dry- 
ing of pears and plums. This is due chiefly to 
the limited consumptive demand, consumers 
preferring other kinds of dried fruits. With 
only a limited demand the market can soon be 
overstocked, and the fear of this deters many 
from drying for a market. 

The California dried nectarine is slowly but 
nevertheless surely winning its way into gen- 
eral favor, and deservedly so, too, for it is one 
of the finest fruits grown in this State. It has 
a delicate flavor possessed by few, which is des- 
tined to give it recognition among consumers. 
This fruit has not been properly placed before 
the public. By proper advertising or through 
reading notices, its superior qualities will find 
for it a large and growing market. 

A well known writer on orchard fruit saye: 
"No finer fruit is grown in California than the 
nectarine. In fact it is one of the choicest pro- 
duced in the State. It has, however, been 
greatly neglected by the trade generally. This 
principally has come, no doubt, from a lack of 
knowledge of the superiority of this fruit. 
Wherever the nectarine has been used, it is 
noticed that dnplicate orders follow. In our 
opinion the nectarine, in flivor, ia superior to 
the apricot or peach, and we hope to see the 
time when it will rank equal in price with 
either of these fruits and be taken freely. There 
are many sections in California where the nec- 
tarine is produced most abundantly and of the 
most luscious fruit." 

The cultivation of the fig in this State is on 
the increase. In a recent article on this fruit, 
G. W. Meade says: "White Adriatic and 
White Smyrna figs of California growth have 
made their appearance in the market this year, 
which in color and flavor are in every way equal 
to the imported figs. There are sections in this 
State where this white fig can be grown to per- 
fection; especially is this the case in Fresno 
county, which seems to be the natural home of 
the white fig. We believe that this industry 
will grow as the raisin industry of California 
has grown, and that in a few years from now 
we shall commence to send these figs to our 
Eastern brethren. They thought we could not 
do much on raisins, but we proved to the con- 
trary; and we believe now firmly that the Cali- 
fornia White fig will, In lime, be as well known 
in the Ejstas the California raisin is to-day. 
There is nothing impossible in California." 
Heavy shipments of the dried prodnct were 
made with satisfactory results to northern 

Geo. W. Meade, writing also on dried grapss, 
says : " The extraordinary demand which has 
arisen, principally in the Western S ates, for 
California dried grapes, has been somewhat sur- 
prising to dealers on this side. There seems 
to have been practically no limit to the quan- 
tity which has been taken. We suppose this 
has been largely on account of the fruit being 
low-priced, and partially, no doubt, if we 
are correctly informed, for the reason that the 
fruit is being largely sold West as California 
currants. In any event, it has proved a good 
thing for the growers of, wine grapes in this 
State, as it has enabled them to do consider- 
able better by drying their wine grapes instead 
of selling to the wine men. In other words, 
they have not been subjectid to any squetzing 
on the part of the wine-makers. The Califor- 
nia dried grape is principally made from the 
Mission and Zinfandel grape, although other 
varieties are at times dried. While formerly 
more or less were shipped with the stems on, 
machinery has now been invented whereby the 
stems are taken oflF, in which shape they seem 
to be the most desirable for the Eastern trade." 
Many ofj the shipments made hence into Or- 
egon, Idaho, Montana and Washington were 
sold and consumed as raisins, owing to their 
relative cheapness. 


A Theory of the Redwoods, 

Theories and explanations in regard to the 
question why redwood should only be indi- 
genous to a limited portion of the Pacific Coast, 
have been promulgated and answered ever since 
redwood lumber became an article of general 
consumption, Mr. Belleisle, a gentleman con- 
nected with the Sauthern Pacific railroad, has 
made a study of the question and gives his 
ideas as follows : 

One of the matters over which I have pon- 
dered for many long years is the cause of the 
difference between the trees in the three dis- 
tricts comprised within the redwood belt — Santa 
Cruz, Mendocino and Humboldt. I have a 
theory of my own, which I think is both orig- 
inal and correct. You are aware, of course, 
that so far as is generally accepted, the belt I 
have mentioned practically contains all the 
tirnber redwood of the State, Occasionally, 
however, are to be found a few scattering trees 
along the coast ranges. Upon the latter fact I 
base one portion of my theory. To carry it 
out, we must go back almost into the mystic 
dreamland of ages and ages ago. My firm be- 
lief is that in times primeval the whole of the 
Coast Range and the mountains, as far away 
down south as they stretch, were covered with 
gigantic redwoods and other forest trees, recall- 
ing Longfellow's opening lines in his poem of 
" Hiawatha." I believe that very ancient 
buildings, if they could be unearthed, would 
substantiate this. How they were destroyed, 
who but the Omniscient knows ? Scarcely to 
any immense extent by man, unless the mortals 
who used them have passed away, leaving no 
greater trace behind them than the grand old 
trees themselves. If the trees died a natural 
death, beaten and buffeted by the over-warring 
elements, and finally succumbed to old age, 
gout in the roots, rheumatism in the branches, 
neuralgia in the heart, and a feeble brain, what 
marvelous climatic and physical changes must 
they not have witnessed, but caused. To their 
death or destruction — presuming this portion of 
my theory is correct — may we not attribute to 
a very marked degree many of our sterile plains, 
deserts and barren mountains down south ? 
Forests destroyed prevent the moisture and the 
fertile leaf-mold requisite for agriculture. The 
absence of traces of these trees — except occa- 
sionally, as I have said — may be attributed to 
the tender shoots being dried oat and poisoned, 
as it were, for lack of protecting cover. Grad- 
ually, too, the ground would become too arid 
for even the support of the roots and etumps, 
and they, in the course of ages, would dis- 

Now. then, the next step will be to Mon- 
terey. You have seen those gvand old cypresses 
between Monterey and Carmel Mission, fes- 
tooned with their garlands of trailing moss; 
with their gnarled and contorted trunks golden 
green with lycopodiums and a thousand and 
one species of mosses; silvery gray with many- 
hued lichens and other parasites, and with the 
poisonous mistletoe pendent from their branches 
— all sapping away the life-blood from these 
venerable and gloomy-hned patriarchs. They 
have lived for thousands upon thousands of 
years, but are now fighting a fearful battle for 
bare existence; they are like a brave warrior in 
the agonies of death, and praying only for a 
brief respite to settle bis worldly afi'airs and 
make his peace with God. They are doomed — 
although they may exist for centuries — for the 
pitiless elements are waging an irresistible war 
against them. They appear to have a stronger 
vitality than the redwood, for they have out- 
lasted them, as comparatively few are to be 
found here, while the other trees are of much 
younger and more rapid growth, and of a dif- 
ferent character. 

Now we cross the bay to Santa Cruz, with- 
out discussing what geological changes may 
have happened in the eras of the paet. Here 
we find that, although still somewhat protected 
by the Monterey forest belt, the redwoods are 
getting ready for their final fight with nature's 
forces. We leave man and his invasion into 
their domains out of the question. Do you see 
how closely the grain and fiber cling together, 
as if the tree shuddered and shivered, as a man 
does in a chilling, icy-cold wind, which con- 
tracts closer every nerve in his body ? As with 
the man, so with the tree — both feel the ad- 
vance of decay and death. 

Mendocino comes next, more vigorous in 
youth than Santa Oruz, and consequently 
slightly more open in fiber, but already begin- 
ning to feel the threatened attack. Last comes 
Humboldt, younger and lustier, and of more 
rapid growth, fostered by the greater moisture 
and better protective influences. Consequent- 
ly the wood is softer and more readily worked 
for many purposes than the harder of the 
southern woods. 

Another portion of my theorjc< and resulting 
from what I have said, is that the redwoods 
have, as it were, crept up from the south, slow- 
ly driven from there to a more congenial cli- 
mate. As to the manner in which this grand 
army of evergreen leviathans marched into our 
State, this must be left to be discovered by 
wiser heads than ours, although the student of 
forestry can find many similar examples among 
forest trees. We must be thankful that we 
live in our age, when they are with us to en- 
rich the grand resources of our State, and in 
our gratitude wo should treat them as kindly 

as we can — utilize them, but not will d 
wastefully destroy them. Hitherto i a 
the practice to waste the butts and stm. .d 
hundreds of serviceable logs are lying idly on 
the ground; but ere long it will be found that 
they will all become very valuable, and per- 
chance the most valuable. 

Before many years have parsed away, there 
will be no more blasting, by dynamite, of roots 
to make a potato patch, for it will be found 
that half a dozen such roots are worth more 
than an acre of potatoes. No; economy in red- 
wood will soon necessarily be the order of the 
day. The demand for it in this State, to say 
nothing of the rapidly increasing demand for it 
outside, will enforce a careful use of it. We 
do not yet know to how many uses this invalu- 
able wood can be put. There scarcely seems to 
be any restriction upon its availability and 
adaptability to modern demands. Eich day 
brings forth some newly discovered merits. 

She JStock 'Y''^'^'^- 

Cattle Interests of San Luis Obispo. 

In a pleasant interview with Mr. J. M. 
Jones, who, for 15 years, has been prominently 
identified with the cattle interests of San Luis 
Obispo county, the following interesting facts 
were elicited: 

Fifteen years ago, nearly all of the cattle in 
the county were of the American or Mexican 
breed, and the sheep industry was in a thriving 
condition, there being a record on the assess- 
or's book of about 400,000 head. Cows with 
calves thrown in, sold for about $15, and steers 
for $20 a head, I do not remember the number 
of cattle in the county at the time. There 
were five or six large ranches and a number of 
small ones. The large ranches are still intact, 
though some of the smaller ones have been di- 

Nearly all of our cattle are shipped to San 
Francisco by railroad. They are Bought up by 
the buyers of the wholesale city butchers, who 
visit the ranches. About 20,000 head have 
been shipped to San Francisco this year. I 
should judge that there were now about 60,000 
head in the county. 

Quite an effort is being made to improve the 
herds. The Shorthorn is generally conceded 
to be the best all-around breed for beef. They 
are much more profitable than the Mexican or 
American cattle. For dairy purposes, the Hol- 
stein and Jerseys seem to he most in favor. 
San Luis Obispo has now more milk cows than 
any other county in the State, and in the near 
future will become still more famous for its 
dairy products. The reason our beef, butter, 
and cheese has such a desirable reputation is 
owing to the fact that our particular climate is 
not excelled in the world, so far as I know, for 
the production of nutritious grass; our cattle 
receive no food except what nature provides. 
The grass this year is fully a good average. 

I do not know of any constitutional laws that 
the Legislature could enact that would benefit 
our business. The prices paid for beef cattle 
this year are extremely low, and leave but lit- 
tle room for profit-. This I attribute to over- 
supply and loss of confidence. A great many 
who went into the business in a small way a 
few years ago, when prices were high, are now 
anxious to get out, and it has for a time de- 
pressed the market. The future indicates good 
markets. The most encouraging sign is the 
lightness of the herds in Kansas, Montana, 
Nebraska, etc. Buyers from these States are 
gathering up young stock on the coast for ship- 
ping East for feeding; this will ease our market. 
On the whole, the business is not as profitable as 
it was a few years ago. 

Our cattle put on fat best when the grass 
gets dry. They are in the best condition for 
marketing from April let to August 1st. Two- 
year-old Shorthorns should weigh about 
1100 pounds on foot, or 550 pounds dressed. A 
two-year-old Mexican steer should weigh on 
foot about 900 pounds, dressed 450 pounds. 
Our way of selling is to weigh on foot and 
count dressed beef at exactly one-half the grocs 
weight. It is the rule for buyers to weigh the 
stock at the nearest scales If shipped any dis- 
tance without weighing, it makes a very mate- 
rial difference in the gross weight, for which al- 
lowance has to be made. Our vaqueros are 
with but few exceptions Spaniards. 

The sheep industry is rapidly declining, and 
I do not think there are over 40,000 head in the 
county at the present time. The reason for 
this is owing to the fact that the laud is no 
longer profitable for sheep pasture when it can 
be used for agricultural purposes. At least 
125.000 acres that were once used for sheep 
runs are now being cut up for other purposes. 

As an illustration of the enormous difference 
in productiveness of the land, the Santa Ysabel, 
a ranch of 20,400 acres, supported in 1882 6000 
head of sheep and employed about four men; 
the gross receipts were about $12,000. Thres 
years ago this ranch was cut up, about 10,000 
acres of it being sold. This portion is now sup- 
porting 30 families and last year produced $150,- 
000 worth of grain, besides fruits, vegetables, 
butter, chickens, eggs, etc. Thi^ is a fair sam- 
ple of what can be done, and it is fair to say 
that agricultural pursuits will most likely ab- 
sorb nearly all of our large ranches as soon as 
railroad facilities are secured. 

At the present time our cattle are perfectly 
healthy, there being no disease of any kind. 



[JoLY 6, 1889 

Grange Meetings. 


Sonoma Co. Pomona, Santa Rosa July 17 

State ttranee Sacrameuto Ont. 1 

RoseviUe narvcst Feast July Jd 

Washington Fruit Festival Aug. IS 


Linn Co Business Council Ju'y 6 

Marion Co. Pomona, Woodburn Oct. 26 

Wasco Co. Bus. Council, Barlow Gate Sept. — 

A Vital Issue. 

The labor question is one of the vital is- 
sues the day, now agitating the minds of 
the people in this country, as well as of the 
mother country and fatherland. There is a 
desire on the part of statesmen and people 
to ferret out and show up the real causes of 
industrial depression. We boast the grand- 
est, richest country in natural elements in 
the world. Our soil is fertile, our mount- 
ains and hills have untold mineral deposits, 
and our great timber forests are unequaled. 
We have every degree of climate, from tor- 
rid to temperate and frigid. We have un- 
equaled facilities for transportation. With 
all these favorable requisites, the producers 
should be prosperous and contented. 

By reference to statistical reports, we 
find that our Nation produces abundantly 
and is rich in natural resources, and the de- 
pression of industry cannot be attributed to 
the sterility of soil or a lack of honest en- 
deavor on the part of labor. If these two 
prime factors of a Nation's prosperity are 
not lacking, then it becomes our bounden 
duty to look further and elsewhere for the 
cause. The producers create a Nation's 
wealth, and they certainly would be prosper- 
ous if a just distribution of this created wealth 
could be l^^d. But the very fact that the 
lands are slipping into the hands of corpora- 
tions, syndicates and money-lenders is proof 
that the producer does not receive his just 
proportion of the products of his own care 
and labor. 

That the wealth of our Nation is being 
absorbed by gigantic trusts, rings and cor- 
porations, none can doubt who troubles 
himself to examine statistics. Trusts are 
formed to control the output and price of 
every staple the land produces, and the profits 
are pretty equally divided between trans- 
portation companies and managers, this ex- 
ceeding by far and sometimes trebling the 
price received by the producers. 

We see these mighty common carriers 
doubling up, encircling the land, their steam- 
horses plowing through our fields, their 
managers gradually becoming millionaires, 
thus absorbing and controlling the Nation's 
wealth at the expense of the Nation's own 
prosperity, in that it lives and moves and 
has its being because of the prosperity of 
its laboring and producing classes. Thus it 
is apparent that the question for the people 
to solve is the means of causing a just dis- 
tribution of the aggregate of created wealth. 
It will be the people's will to control our 
national highways and State thoroughfares, 
for a republican form of government lives 
in the hearts of ita people, and its laws must 
emanate from the people and fulfill their de- 
sires. If not, ruin follows and rivers of 
blood will flow. Thus it becomes doubly 
imperative that the industrial, conservative 
classes be well organized, that the system 
be well defined: only by this can relief 
come. Only by organization can this class 
learn its needs, arrive at the causes that 
depress labor, and apply just remedies. 

A writer upon this subject says : " For this 
purpose the Granges are organizing, and for 
this purpose they are consolidating; and 
when we reach that period in the history of 
our Nation that the agricultural masses 
realize the fact that their cause is a common 
cause, and, through a well-defined system 
of organization and education, they learn 
the important lesson of co-operation, and 
are prepared to stand shoulder to shoulder 
in the struggle for liberty, they then will 
accomplish a fulfillment of their hopes. We 
may then break the shackles that bind the 
industries of our country, and say to our 
people, ye are free." 

RosEviLLE Granoe Will oonfer the fourth de- 
f(Tee on a class of fonr on the 20th inst. A 
Harvest Feast will be one of the features of the 
meeting. Sister S. J. Cross, in speaking of this 
coming event, says: All Grangers in good 
standing will be heartily welcomed, and we 
hope to see many members of the Grange from 
Placer county, as we wish to have a general 
good time and county gathering. 

The Grangers of Sonoma county celebrated 
Childrens' Day on the 29th ult. by holding a 
picnic on the old Hannatb place, on the banks 
of Santa Rosa creek. 

The Washington Grange Fruit Festival will 
open at 9 A. M. August 23i. 

San Jose Grange. 

An iDterestlns Dlscueslon on Prune- 

Prompt at the hoar last Saturday, San Jose 
Grange was called to order by the Mister. 

Mr. Wingate fnrnished samples of prunes 
simply dipped in hot lye ana rinsed ; then 
spread to dry in the sun, and when dry stored 
in a clean sack. These prunes were of good 
size, of a dark mahogany brown color and 
quite soft and pliable, considering the time 
since drying and the manner of storage. Per- 
haps 1.5 per cent of them showed little spots 
where they had b?gun to candy or oxidize 
slightly on the surface. They had a pleasant 
fruity smell with an aroma not unlike well- 
cured raisins, yet peculiar to the prune. 

Un breaking the frnit the flesh and stone had 
almost the same fresh, bright yellowish color 
which they have before drying. They were 
passed around and tasted, and there were sev- 
eral who pronounced the flavor and quality all 
that could be expected in a prune. Compari- 
sons were made with the bright, red flesh of 
these and the dark brown flesh of those which 
were before the Grange last Saturday. 

It seemed to them that the taste must be 
vitiated, which would prefer a smell and taste 
of logwood to the natural and perfect taste of 
the pure fruit. 

The secretary inquired of Mr. Wingate the 
strength of the solution of lye in which the 
prunes were dipped. Mr. Wingate could not 
tell. He sold most of his prunes last year, and 
those he dried were dipped in some lye prepared 
by a neighbor. He had in previous practice 
varied the strength according to the fruit, very 
ripe prunes requiring stronger lye and longer 
time. He said he bad begnn the season by dip- 
ping for ten seconds, and later on had to pro- 
long the dipping to 50 seconds to get the same 

Mrs. Tenney said her husband had dried 
prunes considerably, and used one can of lye to 
five gallons of water. This acted very quick, 
and the time can be varied with the condition 
of the fruit. 

Mr. S. P. Sanders said he did not know of 
any definite rnle. He thought it best not to 
have the solution too strong, so as to act too 
quickly. The proper way was to submerge the 
bucket slowly at tirst, then raise it out and 
lower it suddenly, so as to lift and move each 
prune, so that the lye will touch every point. 
He bad seen prunes that bad spats all over 
them where the lye had not touched. He said 
you could tell when they had been immersed 
easy enough by the appearance of the skin, 
which should have a wrinkled appearance. 

Speaking of fruit prices, it was said that one 
cent per pound was offered for all kinds of fruit 
for drying. A member from Los Gatos said be 
had contracted his apricots and peaches to the 
canners for $30 per ton, the apricots not to be 
smaller than eight to the pound, and peaches 
2^ inches. 

Another member said the canners he had 
seen only felt inclined to offer 1^ and 1^ cents 
for the very best of apricots. 

The subject of co-operative insurance was 
spoken of . It was announced that the gentle- 
man who had been invited to speak on co-oper- 
ative trading would address the members next 

A lady member from San Diego and a gentle- 
man from New Jersey were present as visitors, 

— Mercury. 

Advice to Brother and Sister Thistle. 

ME.S.SRS. Editors : — I have been much inter- 
ested in the troubles of a Granger, in fact feel a 
great lump of pity for Bro. Thistle, and Bobby 
also, as I am sure if he makes himself a recep- 
tacle for garden hose in any great quantities, he 
will need it. He does not tell us how much he 
swallowed, but I infer not more than two or 
three feet. I hope tbey will watch him close- 
ly, lest he should swallow a faucet, or perhaps 
the tank. As we can always find a grain of 
comfort if we look for it, I am glad to think 
the weather is getting so warm that the brother 
can take bis nocturnal tramps in his light and 
airy costume without his teeth chattering 
enough to keep Bobby from dropping off to 
sleep again. 

He is a wonderful methodical baby. I should 
think Sister Thittle would set the alarm so she 
could get in a few more bars on the operatic 
performances. There is nothing like proving 
the value of time. 

After reading of his troubles, I resolved to go 
to that festival; perhaps I could relieve him of 
Babby for an hour anyway. I am afraid he 
will be worn down to such a degree that he 
will not be able to wrestle with Tommy and 
Johny and Mollie, should they put in an ap- 
pearance in due course of time. Having reach- 
ed the hall on time, I looked round, sure of 
seeing the poor soul. So good was the de- 
scription, I soon located him. He has rather 
a tiptoey expression, and in places his clothes 
hang loose, though if he is able to do justice 
three times a day as be did to those strawber- 
ries and cream, I think he will be able to worry 
through with all the little incidentals, and 
after 20 years conclude that marriage is not 
such a failure after all. 

As I was a visitor from the foothills, I got 
one of those 15 reserved seats for the feast. If 
the dining hall had not been quite so much like 
a Russian bath, it would have been most enjoy- 

able, as there was certainly all the heart (or 
stomach rather) you could wish for. All 
seemed glad when the feast was over, and we 
returned to the lower and cooler hall to enjoy 
the literary feast, which was very fine indeed. 
I was obliged to leave before all the remarks 
were made, consequently did not hear Bro. 
Hancock, who so stirred Sister Thistle's ma- 
ternal feelings, tell her not to fall too much in 
love with the brothers. It is just his way; he 
has kissed the blarney stone, so imagines all the 
ladies are go phaxed with a little flattery. 

Hoping to see Brother and Sister Thistle, as 
well as Bobby, at the Stite and National 
Grange, I am yonrs trnly and fraternally, 

AoNT Mary. 

Travels of the Worthy Lecturer. 

No. 4^VlewlnB Scotland. 
Mes.srs. Eijitors : — I had but a faint idea of 
the extent of this city (Glasgow), number of its 
population (about 700,000), its great manufact- 
uring capacity, the solidity of the buildings, 
streets and railroad enterprise, and complete- 
ness of construction and management. Every- 
thing reminds us that we are in a foreign 
oountry.Hi Street cars, cabs, handsoms, trucks, 
oars, milkmen, butchers, hand-carts, and the 
drees and dialect, or brogue, of the people pre- 
sent a novelty that is worthy of a study. 

Clydesdale and Sbetlande. 
Here they have the Clydesdale horse in its 
perfection, ponderous in his make-up, and 
could move a mountain if he could find a place 
to hitch his traces. They have the Shetland 
pony of five and six hundred weight dragging 
great carts. I have seen but one horse and 
buggy on the American order. Everyone rides 
in hacks, carts or street cars. The street cars 
and omnibuses have an upper deck where the 
working people or people of less pretentions 
ride, but not exclusive, as it is free to all who 


If I had a short-hand reporter and type- 
writer with me, I think I could make these let- 
ters interesting to the readers of the Press. I 
thought I would go into details a good 
deal when I first arrived, but I can just begin 
to see the task that I proposed. I could fill 
one sheet in your paper every day, and not re- 
peat or exhaust the subject. You can easily 
see after a person has ridden, walked, talked, 
examined and looked with all his power for 10 
and 15 hours, he does not feel just like writing 
three or four hours every day. He must have 
some time to store away and digest the day's 
work. These letters will have to b3 more or 
less superficial sketches or framework, trusting 
that perhaps at some future time I may fill in 
some of them for the benefit of my friends. 

The Arcnitecture 
Is so much different than in the States; the ma- 
terials used are stone, iron, brick and glass. 
Not a single wooden house have I seen yet. 
Most everything has a look of endurance 
about it. Tbey are building for the future as 
well as the present. Friday morning we start- 
ed for Oban, 140 miles. Went to Greenock by 
rail, and then by steamer, and then nine miles 
through canal by little steamer Sinnet, and large 
steamer again to Oban. Oban is a summer re- 
sort something like Santa Cruz, noted for noth- 
ing particular except fine cool climate and its 
Two Old CsBtles. 
DanoUy castle is pretty well in ruins and ivy- 
grown over the walls that are left standing. It 
is built on a high rock or mound, and as I stood 
beside its crumbling walls I thought some one 
must have put forth a good deal of labor to drag 
such a pile of stones up that steep bill. 

Danstiffnage castle is about five miles away, 
and a little better preserved. I went up its 
stairs around its top walls, where men trod, 
thought and fought thousands of years ago. 

We stay in Oban over night and return to 
Glasgow by rail. This 117 miles by rail is an 
interesting one. It gives varied scenery in the 
highlands. Lofty mountains, rugged peaks, 
smooth lakes, green pastures, studded with 
sheep and cattle, and some of the finest land 
and best tilled. 

Industrial Pursuits 
As we arrive at Sterling, about 30 miles from 
Glasgow, we seem to be in the suburbs. Tall 
chimneys appear on every hand. Piles of iron 
and coal and brick can be seen, and we are con- 
stantly passing over or under railroads; farm 
hands are cultivating and weeding their crops, 
and it is a scene of life and animation not to be 
forgotten. It seems as though I never saw such 
green grass, green hills and trees. Nature is at 
her best. The Scotchman is famous for his 

Straight Furrows. 
Whether short or long, over hill and through 
valley, it is all the same to him; he never al- 
lows a crook or bend in any one of them. I 
have passed hundreds of cultivated fields of 
potatoes, turnips, etc., and have had my eye 
out for a crooked row, but have not seen one 
yet. They use the iron plow — short beam and 
long handles. Tbey seem deficient in barns. 
Most of the hay is put up in small round sticks 
with thatched top. Most of their fences are 
stone walls laid up with mortar with capped 
stone and ronnd top. Some have iron posts set 
in large stone with large smooth wire. They 
do not use barb wire for fencing. 

The Roads 
Are macadamized, and stone sewers or bridges 
are made wherever a stream or brook crosses. 
The roads are walled in on either side, and as tbey 

approach a railroad they have to pass over on a 
stone bridge or nnder it. I have not seen the 
first instance yet where a team or men is al- 
lowed to cross the car track. I do not object 
so much to the railroad service as I supposed I 
would. It has some splendid features for pre- 
venting accidents. In all depots, or stations, as 
tbey call them, the platforms are raised up to a 
level with the cars. Trains and teams in this 
country go to the left in passing. If you wish 
to go from one track to another you must pass 
up an iron stairway and over a platform to the 
other side. 

The Railroads. 
We sit oroaswise of the car, eight or ten in 
a department. The doors are closed, not 
locked. No passing from one car to another 
while in motion, as there are no end-doors. 
The cars are marked first-class and third-class. 
Most everybody rides in third-class, the dis- 
tinction being about the same as between parlor- 
car and ordinary coach. I walked down to 
two of the stations last night and watched 
them for an hour. It fairly made my head 
swim to see how they handle cars and passen- 
gers. I heard one man say that over 500 
trains pass out and in every day at the central 
station. The locomotives have no cow catch- 
ers. The trains run smooth, with very little 
noise. The engines seem lighter than ours and 
of an entirely different construction. 

The Churches. 
There are a good many churches in this city, 
and the people pretend piety and get up late 
Sunday mornings. I looked up and down the 
street a quarter of a mile this morning at eight 
o'clock and only saw one horse and about ten 
men. I have seen only six mules and three 
colored men in this citv. We attended service 
at the old cathedral, 700 years old, this morn- 
ing. The floor, columns, gallery and roof are 
cut stone. The fancy cutting of stonework in 
the arches, gallery and columns is beyond any- 
thing that I could conceive of. It seems almost 
impossible to think that they had snch archi- 
tects and workmen in those days. It must 
have taken an age and an army of workmen to 
finish a structure so large as this. Close by 
is the burying-grouod. They did not have 
much order then about their graves and put a 
large flat stone on each grave. 

Glaggou), June 0th. D. Flint. 

Letter Notes, Etc. 

From Magnolia Grangre and Placer County. 

From a late letter (for which we are much 
obliged) from Sister Still we quote: 

Magnolia Grange still lives. Although this 
is our dull season our meetings are fairly at- 
tended and a good interest is manifested. We 
started a paper in the beginning of the year 
and really did not know we had as much talent 
as has been displayed. Even a poet has 
cropped out, I am afraid the hot weather has 
dried up his ideas, as he failed me the last time. 
Perhaps if cut and dried they will be all the 

This has been a fine year for stock ; feed better 
than known in years, with plenty of hay for the 
coming winter. Peaches are nearly a failure in 
all of Placer county that I have beard from. 
We shall have to depend on more fortunate 
parts of the State for even home use. Auburn, 
since it has risen to the dignity of a city, is 
building up fast, and has quite a reputation as a 
health resort. Oar Worthy State Overseer, E. 
W. Davis, says it suits him better than any 
place he has yet found and has great hopes to 
be abU to attend our State and National 
Granges in the fall, to which we all add a hearty 
amen. The Rural I am proud of; it ought to 
be in every farmer's household. 

From Japan. 

Bro. A. A. Brigham, professor of the Im- 
perial Agricultural College at Sapporo, Japan, 
writes from the place May 29th as follows: 

I have received from time to time your 
valued publication, the Pacific Rural Press, 
and have been glad to read of the doings of the 
California Patrons and others. I thank you 
sincerely for your kiodnesj. It was a source 
of great disappointment to me that I could not 
stop in California, and see the Patrons and the 
State, on my way to Japan, but I was obliged 
to hasten. 

Small Return totheGrain Grower. — The 
Visalia Ttmeii complains: The freight on a har- 
vester from Stockton to Goshen is $123.20, with 
an additional charge of 82 for " advanced 
freight." Between the railroad cinching, the 
grain-bag monopoly, and the taxing of the 
farmer for the support of two or three bodies 
of railroad commissioners who work in the in- 
terests of the railroads, the wheat farmer hard- 
ly has enough left, after selling bis crop, to feed 
the hogs that make his bacon. The only rem- 
edy for this enormous freight charge on a har- 
vester is a competing line of railway. Grain 
should be shipped in bulk, thus doing away 
with the grain-bag monopoly, and the railroad 
commiesioners should be aholiRhed. 

The Granges of Danville and vicinity have 
decided to meet July 21 and clear the grounds 
around the Grange's hall for a general picnic to 
be held on the Fourth. There are shade trees 
all over the grounds, and a better place could 
not be selected; also a good floor, which is ns- 
ually pretty well used. We have had a remark - 
ably cool spring and summer thus far, and peo- 
ple are in splendid spirits for a general good 
time. — Contra Costa Gazelle, June 2Sth. 

July 6, 1889] 

f ACIFie I^URAb f RESS. 

The Watsonville Grange Meeting. 

The meeting of Watsonville Grange, on June 
22, is reported in the Pajaronian as follows: 

Active preparations had been made for this 
meeting for a number of weeks past, and a cor- 
dial invitation had been extended to the citizens 
and farmers of Pajaro valley to attend. The 
hall and banquet room had been tastefully dec- 
orated with flowers by the lady members of the 
Grange and it presented a very fine appearance. 
Long before the hour for the exercises to begin 
the large hall was filled with ladies and gentle- 

Mrs. E. Z. Roache called the assemblage to 
order and stated that they had expected some 
of the leading olBcers of the State Grange to be 
with them, but for some reason they had failed 
to attend, but an interesting programme bad 
been prepared, and she trusted everyone would 
enjoy the exercises. The first on the pro- 
gram was the " Opening Song of Welcome," 
by the Grange choir, composed of a number of 
young ladies and gentlemen. Then came a 
recitation, "The Soldier's Reprieve," by Miss 
Lillie Hansen. Miss Josie Roache then deliv- 
ered a short address of weluome in a clear tone, 
and which was given with fine effect. Miss 
Jennie Royce then played an instrumental solo. 

Mr. Blakie Pilkington, of Santa Cruz, was 
called upon and delivered an address. He 
stated that woman was the equal of man in ev- 
ery walk of life, and that the Grange was the 
first organization ever known that has recog- 
nized woman's just rights by permitting her to 
become a member and take a most active part 
in the welfare of the society. He went on to 
say that when the Grange was first organized 
it was a failure simply because women were de- 
barred. It was afterward reorganized, woman 
made the equal of man in the affairs of the so- 
ciety, and from that time it has prospered. He 
claimed that no class of people had been more 
maligned and traduced than the agriculturists of 
this country, and for the simple reason that 
they had never banded themselves together so 
as to protect their rights. He claimed that the 
farmers of this country were slow in asserting 
their rights, and that to-day they were the 
most poorly represented industry in Congress 
and the Legislatures of the various States. 
The farmers were to blame for this because 
they did not assert their rights and send men to 
those places who would faithfully represent 
them. Legislatures, monopolies and trusts re- 
ceived some very hard raps from Mr. Pil- 
kington, He said that the agriculturists and 
horticulturists were in a vast majority in this 
country, and the time was coming when they 
would become aroused to their own interests, 
and the Grange party would be the strongest 
political organization in the United States. 
The last Legislature of California received a 
fair share of attention. The farmers of Pa- 
jaro valley were urged by Mr. Pilkington to 
join the Grange and band themselves together, 
80 as to be able to fight all the combinations, 
monopolies and vast trusts which are daily 
springing up, and whose direct object is to 
crush the farmers of this country. Mr. Pil- 
kington's address was full of facts, and was 
listened to with close attention by the large 
audience. We regret we have not the space to 
give the address in full. It took up almost an 
hour's time in the delivery of it. 

After the address, "Two Little Ragged 
Urchins " was sung by Miss Brewington, who 
has a very clear and sweet voice, a recitation, 
" The Power of a Mother's Love" was given by 
Miss Annie Boyce, Mr, Jos, McCollum, the 
founder of the Watsonville Grange, was called 
upon and made a brief address, "The Old 
Brown Homestead " was then sung by the 
choir, Mr. A. P, Roache then read an essay 
entitled " Why Farmers Don't Stand Together." 
It was a splendid paper. "For You We are 
Praying at Home " was sung bv Misses Lutie, 
Ida and Nettie Pearce. Mrs. Roache then re- 
cited a humorous recitation, " Farmer Bee," 
which provoked sounds of laughter and ap- 
plause. The choir then sang the closing song. 
After the program was finished all those having 
tickets renaired to the dining-room where the 
Pomona Feast had been prepared. The tables 
were loaded with cakes and the choicest berries 
and fruits that are produced in this valley. 
The tables were arranged in nice manner and 
beautiful bouquets were very plentiful. All 
present thoroughly enjoyed the feast, and their 
only wish is that they may occnr more often. 
Great credit is due the lady members of Wat- 
sonville Grange for the way in which they 
labored to make last Saturday's open meeting 
and Pomona Feast the grand success it was. 
During the past few months the Grange has 
greatly increased in membership, and no doubt 
after last Saturday's open meeting it will in- 
crease more rbpidly than ever before. 

Alabama Granges. — Bro. Hiram Haw- 
kins, Master of Alabama State Grange, writes 
the Orange Bulletin that the Grange is prosper- 
ing in his State. He says : Perhaps I could 
not better, in few words, indicate the present 
status of the Order in this State than to refer 
to the fact that the papers in Alabama have re- 
cently been teeming with Grange literature and 
Alabama Grange work. I may add by way of 
showing the condition of some of our subordi- 
nate Granges that at a glance, without select- 
ing, I see that Eagle Grange has a new two- 
story building almost completed, Grange above 
and school-room below; Friendship Grange 
hall stands half in Florida and half in Alabama, 
and has a good hall, and a school running 11 

months in the year. The meeting of the South- 
east Alabama Pomona Grange is reported as a 
grand success and in splendid working order; 
16 Granges represented and composing the 
Grange. Our State Grange meets 16th day of 

Active Times. 

The next three months ought to see a grand 
revival of Grange work throughout this juris- 
diction. This period covers the time for hold- 
ing the State Grange and the National Grange 
and comprises the best Grange-working season 
of the year, namely, the first few months after 

There will undoubtedly be a meeting of the 
Executive Committee within the next two or 
three weeks. An official circular of much in- 
terest and importance will soon be sent to 
every Grange in the State, conveying desirable 
information from the master's and secretary's 
office. We hope every Grange will be prepared 
to hold regular meetings from this on, and they 
will no doubt find plenty of eood work to do. 

HoUister Grange. 

Secretary Dunlap writes: "Our Grange is 
growing all the time. We meet on each alter- 
nate Saturday and have initiations at each 
meeting. Several have made applications to 
join who have not come for initiation yet. If 
you will send me sample copies of the Patron 
and Press, I will try to obtain a club for one or 
both in the Grange, 

[We have sent sample copies and hope to 
hear of the continued prosperity of HoUieter 
Grange. — Eds ] 

A Novel Nuisance. — Suit has been brought 
in the name of the State against A. J. Tait for 
maintaining in the Sacramento river, near 
Grimes' Landing, a structure for hoisting water 
for irrigating purposes, which structure is so 
constructed that scows and boats support a 
wheel and pump, which, placed in the swift 
current, are so propelled as to raise the water 
onto the adjacent lands. The irrigating ma- 
chine, it is alleged, is a hindrance to naviga- 
tion, and defendant threatens to put in more of 
them. It is asked that the structure be de- 
clared a nuisance and removed, and that de- 
fendant be restrained from putting any other 
such contrivance into the Sacramento's naviga- 
ble waters. 

Mendacioos "Monitors," — The so-called 
Mining Review, published it San Francisco, in 
the interest of the hydraulickers, continues to de- 
clare that the entire mining industry of the State 
of California is endangered by the anti-debris 
litigation. The Appeal has grown weary of 
contradicting this lie. If the quartz and drift 
miners can stand it, and lack the spirit to de- 
fend their own interests, we don't know that 
the people of the valley need worry over the 
matter. — Marysville Appeal. 

A R. R. Charged WITH Stealing. — An in- 
fluential farmer of Berrien county, Michigan, 
has filed a complaint with the Interstate Com- 
merce Commission against the L. S. & M. S. 
R. R., charging them with carrying on a gigan- 
tic-system of robbery by taking five pounds of 
wheat, by means of false weights, from every 
load weighed at their elevators. He is said to 
be backed by a large number of wealthy farm- 
ers in Berrien county and Northern Indiana. 

The Standing Committee on Woman's Work 
in the Grange of Connecticut published a circu- 
lar June 7th, requesting each Grange to collect 
clothing, bedding, etc., to forward to the peo- 
ple in Pennsylvania who suffered from the late 
floods. Their efforts have been very successful, 
and they have forwarded much clothing and 
money to these sufferers in the name of the 
Connecticut State Grange. 

A Short Yield. — Owing to our National 
holiday occurring on Thursday, this depart- 
ment of our paper was closed on Tuesday this 
week, giving us a shortage of time for prepar- 
ing matter. Our correspondents have also 
limited their favors. The Fourth over, we 
hope to have an unusually good presentation 
for our readers in our next. 

Pennsylvania Patrons. — Brother and Sis- 
ter C. F. Gregory of Mills City, Wyoming Co., 
Pa., visited our residence in Cikland last week. 
They are spending several months in California, 
and hope to remain until the session of the 
State Grange. In the meantime they will visit 
Temescal and perhaps other Granges, 

One Little Spark from the passing loco- 
motive, or the threshing machine; one small 
stump of a cigar, or cigarette, or burning em- 
bers of a pipe thrown carelessly into a grain- 
field is liable to set it afire. 

Missouri is increasing in Grange strength. 
Several new Granges have been organized dur- 
ing the past year, and a large number of reor- 
ganizations have been effected. 

Counterfeit gold and silver coin is reported 
abundant on the coast this summer. 

There are nine combined harvesters at work 
on the Glenn ranch. 

Rhode Island has a new monthly Grange 


State Horticultural Society, 

The monthly meeting of the State Horticult- 
ural Society was held June 28th at 220 Sutter 
street. In the absence of the president. Judge 
Stabler of Sutter county presided. Reports 
were made by several members in regard to the 
condition of the fruit crop in their respective 
parts of the State, all of which were encourag- 
ing, A, G. Freeman of the Executive Commit- 
tee of the Dried- Fruit Association then made 
some interesting remarks on the subject of 

Preparing, Packing and Marketing Fruits. 

From our standpoint, the first consideration 
in peaches and apricots is color. The Eastern 
jobbers and consumers want color, and as a 
business proposition, what they want you should 
try to produce. 

Past experience leads us to believe California 
dried-fruit men have always been too frugal of 
sulphur. We have never known a single pound 
of dried fruit rejected on account of over- 
sulphuring, I do not think it an exaggeration 
to say that we have known at least 50 carloads 
either rejected or greatly depreciated from their 
real value on account of not being sulphured 
enough. Only three years ago a prominent San 
Francisco wholesale house issued a circular 
which was generally distributed throughout the 
State as a guide to driers, giving the time for 
sulphuring apricots and peaches as seven to ten 
minates. And I see, in a recent number of a 
prominent fruit paper, an article in which the 
driers are cautioned repeatedly against over- 
sulphuring, and giving the time for sulphuring 
apricots and peaches as 20 to 30 minutes. 

My opinion (based on the experience of some 
of the most successful driers) is, that one hour 
is a fair time for sulphuring, and longer will do 
no harm — that is, when the sulphur is applied 
in the usual way now in vogue. 

After the fruit has been brought to a high 
degree of color, which means excellence, it is in 
a great many cases rendered nearly as dark as 
it would have been without the use of sulphur 
by dipping in boiling or hot water. The high 
color produced by sulphur is, when fruit is ex- 
posed to the air, gradually dissipated under the 
most favorable conditions, but through the use 
of water the fruit loses, I may safely say, 10 to 
25 per cent of the effect of the sulphur at once, 
and gradually loses until an article that would 
grade as extra choice when dried will often 
grade as trash by the time it gets to the con- 

It is safe to make this rule: After the fruit 
is sulphured and dried it should, under no cir- 
cumstances, be wet, either with hot or cold water 
or steam. Several driers of experience have 
advanced the idea that super-heated steam may 
be used to kill the germs of worms without det- 
riment to color. 

Lye-peeling of peaches is now very generally 
in disrepute, but some driers, and even journals, 
devoted to the fruit interest still advocate it. I 
doubt if a really fine, merchantable article of 
lye peeled peaches has ever been produced. 
Those who think to the contrary only look at 
the result here, but do not see the fruit six or 
nine months after it is made. To say that 25 
cars of lye-peeled peaches were deteriorated in 
value 10 cents per pound, or |2000 per car, is 
not an exaggeration. Nine pounds in ten are 
not worth as much as fair nnpeeled peaches, 
and the buyers have begun to find this out. 
The last season's experience proved this con- 
clusively; also that lye-peeling not only lost 
the producer and jobber many thousands on the 
stock made two years ago, but made the con- 
sumer shy of the article, so that this last year's 
production has to go begging at or near the price 
of fair unpeeled, 

California driers have not generally attained 
the excellent result in hand-peeled peaches, es- 
pecially in fine color, that has been reached by 
some of the best Delaware and Maryland driers; 
they lack color and style generally. It will not 
piy the California driers to peel any but the 
largest peaches, and those should be carefully 
handled so as to make a strictly fancy article. 

The selling of dried wine grapes for a food 
article is comparatively a new thing. Last 
season is the fiirst in which this business as- 
sumed anything like large proportions. From 
opinions gathered from the trade centers of the 
Eist, it is fair to presume dried grapes will not 
bring the price they did last year. Their 
greatest merit so far seems to be their cheapness, 
and to market the prospective crop of the 
State, which will in all probability greatly ex- 
ceed last year's, we must make a low price. 
Their principal competitors in the Eastern mar- 
ket are the cheap Eastern fruits, such as evap- 
orated apples and dried blackberries and im- 
ported prunes and currants. I believe^here is 
enough merit in our dried grapes to give them, 
in time, a favorable place among the domestic 
and foreign cheap dried fruits. 

The Eastern markets are well cleaned up on 
nearly all lines of California dried fruit, and 
while there are some dried grapes, peeled 
peaches and bleached apricots in various East- 
ern points, the whole of this year's output will 
go to market unincumbered by a large old 

After Mr. Freeman's address there was a gen- 
eral discussion of the points advanced. 

A. L. Bancroft read a paper on "The Ad- 
vantages of Establishing a Horticultural Regis- 
ter," and a committee consisting of Messrs. 

Stabler, Perkins and Shinn were appointed to 
report on the recommendations of paper at the 
next meeting. 

The subjects for discussion at the next meet- 
ing on the fourth Friday of July will be on 
" The Hours of Labor and Management of Help 
on Fruit Ranches," " The Packing of Fruit in 
Sacks vs. Boxes," and continuation of the dis- 
cussion "Packing, Drying and Grading of 
Fruits." Charles B. Turrell, secretary of the 
State Viticultural Society, and W. W. 
Motheral of Hanford were proposed for mem- 

The State Board of Horticulture. 

Elwood Cooper presided at the meeting of 
the State Board of Horticulture held in this 
city June 29th. Other commissioners present 
were Dr. A. F. White, L. W. Buck, F. A. Kim- 
ball, J. L. Mosher, N. R. Peck and N. W. 
Motheral. George Rice of Los Angeles was 
elected clerk of the publication and quarantine 
bureau, and N. W. Motheral entomologist of 
the board, Mr. Rice has had much experience 
in the line of duties which he will assume, and 
Mr. Motheral is well known, especially in the 
San Joaquin valley, as a pusher in natural his- 
tory as in other matters which have occupied 
his attention. 

At a meeting of the executive committee of 
the Board on Monday, July 1st, J. L. Mosher 
was chosen chairman of the committee. Mr. 
Motherall the entomologist of the Board, was 
ordered to visit San Mateo, Santa Clara and 
Los Angeles counties, and report the progress 
made in destroying insects, and interview fruit- 
growers as to who would be a capable person 
to send to Australia and New Zealand to col- 
lect parasites that destroy scale insects. 

Commissioner Kimball was appointed to 
formulate quarantine regulations to govern the 
quarantine guardians, as provided by the law 
passed by the State Legislature last session. 

The afternoon meeting was devoted to the 
consideration of the rules, which will be sub- 
mitted to Judge Stabler for legal consideration 
before final adoption. 

Butte County Oranges. 

We had a pleasant call the other day from 
Robert Williamson, the veteran fruit-grower 
and nurseryman of Sacramento. As is stated 
elsewhere, in another connection, Mr. William- 
son is now upon a horse -and-buggy vacation, 
and visits the Rural office as one of the inter- 
esting institutions along his way. His mental 
habit is, however, too active to allow him to go 
about aimlessly, and his taste for horticulture 
too intense to be disregarded even during rec- 
reation. We were not surprised then to find 
Mr. Williamson pulling from his pocket a hand- 
some orange, and starting in on a disquisition 
on the glories of California fruit. 

Mr. Williamson knows the State well and 
finds grand things everywhere in it, but just at 
this time his attention is especially fixed on the 
growth of the orange in Butte county, for he 
bas spent much time in Oroville and vicinity 
during the last two years. The orange brought 
us was an exceedingly handsome seedling from 
a tree in the garden of Judge Lott of Oroville, 
the tree a descendant from the veteran orange 
tree of Bidwell's Bar. The fruit is notably fine, 
and its thin, close-textured, silky skin, and 
aromatic flaivor at this season of the year, 
which is quite four months after reaching mar- 
ketable ripeness, shows that the variety is 
worthy of attention. It would be hard indeed 
to find an orange which had not thickened its 
skin, dried and flattened out in flavor so late 
in the season. The quality noted speaks both 
in favor of the variety and of the locality for 
the growth of the orange. 

Mr, Williamson gives us interesting data con- 
cerning the progress of orange planting in Butte 
county. He says that within a radius of ten 
miles around Oroville there have been planted 
during the last two years about 140,000 orange 
trees, mostly budded, and probably about 110,- 
000 more will be planted next year. The trees 
are growing as vigorously and thriftily as any 
trees Mr. Williamson has seen anywhere. The 
principal plantations are in the Palermo and 
Thermalito colony tracts and on the Drescher 
tract. Mr. Drescher of Mebius & Co. of Sacra- 
mento has 930 acres, of which 100 acres was 
planted with orange trees last spring, and Mr. 
Drescher is now intending to put the whole 
tract in the same fruit. Other planters in the 
colonies named and on outside lands propose to 
extend their orange interests. Besides the 
orange, the olive, the fig, and deciduous fruits 
are also receiving the attention of planters. 
Mr. Williamson is so impressed with the fitness 
of the local soil and climate that his firm (W. 
R. Strong & Co.) will put out 40 acres to the 
best varieties of the lemon, and they are confi- 
dent of success. 

It is pleasant to note these signs of progress in 
Butte county, and to know that the activity 
there is also to be discerned in many other 
parts of the State, and that the commonwealth 
as a whole is rapidly going forward. 

Fine Cattle for the Islands.— Twenty- 
two head of choice Galloways and Polled An- 
gus cattle, several of them prize-winners, from 
the herds of the Interstate Galloway Cattle 
Co. of Kansas City, were shipped last week to 



[Jdlt 6, 1889 

Slumber Land. 

[Written for the Rural Press by Hbster A Cartkr J 

Here is our darling biby boy, 
Our hearts' delight, our hope, our joy- 
He's ready to journey far away 
' I'ill the light of another summer day; 
He's dressed in a robe of fairy while. 
All ready to go this very night; 
Mamma has kissed her darling's face 
Circled about with soft white lace. 

Sister has patted the pretty feet, 
Kissed the checks whf re the dimples meet. 
While the baby eyelids slowly close — 
Our dear boy in such sweet repose, 
" kock-a-bye-baby on the tree top," 
Mamma sings as they slowly rock; 
Slower, softer the song I hear. 
While baby is resting very near 

The dreamy glades of Slumber Land 
To join the sleepy, happy hand 
Wiih folded hands, kneeling in prayer. 
Resting in hope of Gnd's kind care. 

" K-Dck-a-byp-biby'' still I hear — 
Mamma, dear mamnii is very near, 
And the heavenly smile on biby's face 
Tells thai the angels waich the place. 


The Soldier's Widow. 

A Fourth of July Story. 
[WrUtca for the Rnral Press by Margarkt Davis Bhrign ] 

Sylva fluttered across the lawn on fairy feet. 
Surely Will must be waiting by this time with 
baskets and scissors. Sylva's own uncle had 
lost his life at the Battle of Vicksburg and 
Will's father was a Grand Army veteran. 
Surely Will and Sylva would gather floral 
tributes worthy of their patriotism. Yes, there 
was Will down among the eucalyptus trees — 
his deep eyes sparkling and his tall, lithe 
figure impatient for the fun of gathering the 
fragrant harvest. What a merry morning I 
They spared no blushing rose or regal lily 
stem, no myrtle (pray or honeysuckle plume of 
sweetness. Overflowing baskets full of bloom 
were heaped down upon the south porch, and 
deft fingers began to weave patriotic garlands 
and banners appropriate for the Fourth of July 
entertainment, so near at hand. Sylva's 
father, Mr. Rush, kept a nursery as a sort of 
pastime, to be induleed in after his confining 
hnura at his law office in the city. Ue had 
cfTered Sylva every flower in bloom to decorate 
the hall where oha expected to sing the next 
day, and Will Fleetwood, the son of the near- 
est neighbor, had gallantly offered to help her 
arrange them. 

" On dear, how unlucky ! Both balls of 
twine are u^ed up. I know what to do," she 
continued after a thoughtful pause. "Maybe 
Katie has eaved some strings from the pa^ikages 
sent to the kitchen," and she tripped down- 
stairs to inquire. 

" K.tie has gone to market and will not re- 
turn until four o'clock, so she said. Can I do 
anything for you ? " answered Mrs. Ford, the 
woman who had come in to do the washing. 

" Maybe. I am looking for some twine, and 
I do hope that I can find some. It will take 
Will so long to go to the store for more," and 
she went on to explain what she was doing. 
She was surprised to s^e Mrs. Ford wiping the 
tears from her eyes when she had finished. 

" Excuse me, my dear," exclaimed the weary 
woman apologetically, "but Independence D^y 
always brings to my mind my own misfortunes. 
It all came through my husband's love for our 
country, I have seen hard times since the 
war," and she changed the subject by raveling 
some seams of flour eaoks which afforded ample 

But Sylva had found a heroine, and she was 

not to be dismissed so summarily. " Please 
tell me about your soldier husband," she said, 
and her eyes were so full of sympathy that they 
won the widow's heart. 

" It will grieve you to hear it, my dear, it is 
such a sad tale. We bad only been married 
two years, and I was just a young thing with 
our baby in my arms; and such a cozy little 
home as we had. It was ideal love in a cot- 
tage — a charniing little cottage on the shore of 
Like Michigan, with flowers around it, and a 
bit of a lawn reaching down to the water's 
edge. John was a carpenter and had good pay. 
Ue gave me a witch of a skiff that skimmed the 
lake like a bird, and I used to row out every 
morning with baby and sew for hours, rocked 
by the soft ripple of the water, which seemed 
blue and tender as the azure skies above our 
heads. Ah me ! those were my days of happi- 

"It was the second year of the war when 
John came home one afternoon, and I knew by 
the unusual hour of his coming that something 
bad happened. I rowed to the shore and 
sprang sobbing into his arms. 

*' ' Alice,' he said, ' my sweet Alice, would 

yon keep me by those tears from the call of my 
country — from my manhood's duty ? ' 

"'No, John, since it is God's will,' I 
answered, straightening myself up before him; 
and suddenly the world grew dark and I lost 

"I will not even speak of those dreadful days 
of the war, when every paper seemed a message 
from the pale angel of death. After it was all 
over at last, John came home to me; but was 
he the same tall, handsome John, who had 
marched away beneath gorgeous flags, spread- 
ing their glory to the sky; or did the same 
bright home and young wife, who watched him 
);o with a bleeding heart, welcome the return- 
ing soldier? My child, you are too inexperi- 
enced to even picture suoh a change. Bat you 
have seen a towering oak holding prondly up 
its giant branches, mantled with all their 
vernal glory, and in another day have seen it 
crushed and withering, felled with the wood- 
man's ax and shattered in its fall. Although 
scarcely three years had passed, my hair had 
turned gray, and I leaned out of a little tene- 
ment window to welcome home a pale, scarred 
soldier, who limped along on crutches. Our 
home was gone, because I could not fulfill the 
final termj of purchase; and I had supported 
Mimie and myself by taking in sewing. I had 
saved a few dollars, too, and let me tell you 
no soldier in all the army was welcomed home 
with greater rejoicing than was John. The 
fire crackled in the little stove, the doors of 
which were thrown open so that the ruddy 
light fell upon little Mamie in her white frock, 
and with her yellow curls tied up with ribbon 
she was lovely to see. I wore my wedding 
dress, and served the daintiest tea and chicken 
and fruit in our old china tea set, which had 
been one of my choicest wedding presents. 

" No sooner had we finished our feast than 
John took down his violin and began to play 
again our old home favorites. Well, every 
tenant in the great shaky old house scrambled 
up, attracted by the music. When they found 
out that John had just been discharged from 
the army and this was his welcome home, the 
old building fairly quaked with cheers. By the 
ruddy flickering lights no one could tell how 
dingy the walls were, and we never thought of 
the bare floors and rickety chairs, nor that the 
tea and cakes were lees delicious than nectar 
and ambrosia. Mamie recited her prettiest 
pieces, her innocent baby eyes fairly dAucing 
with glee; and Mike O'Farrell, who had a 
genius for fun and wit, did his best for our 
amusement and succeeded admirably. The 
young folks and the children danced up and 
down the long narrow halls to John's waltzes, 
and I guess that old tenement never witnessed 
such a fete before nor since. 

" We were happy in spite of our poverty, 
which John always spoke of in such a noble 
way that it seemed blessed. Often he would 
say : ' Don't grieve, Alice, We have given it 
all for our native land — the land which our 
forefathers died to win for us.' And then he 
would try to cheer me by playing some stirring 
national air, which set Mamie to dancing and 
brought the tears to my eyes. I kept on sew- 
ing, and John obtained such work as he could 
do in his disabled condition. So we got along, 
saving a little now and then besides what we 
had to pay for John's medicine and doctor bills; 
and let me speak a word in praise of the very 
poor people with whom we lived — people you 
know who were hopelessly poverty-stricken 
and squalid — not like us who had fallen to their 
level through a rather unusual misfortune. 
Many a time I have known Micky O'Farrell to 
send most of his supper down to Henry Coats, 
who had broken his leg and two of his ribs in 
a fall, and good-hearted Micky grew thinner 
every day in spite of all his fun-making, for he 
was born to make the world laugh. And many 
of them have denied themselves I know to send 
John some dainty when he had one of his bad 
spells and I could get nothing that he could 
relish. The faults of the poor are flaunted 
abroad, but their virtues are hidden behind 
their grimy walls and threadbare clothes. You 
must stoop down and seek for their virtues as 
you do for the violets. Ah r-r me ! children, 
at what a rate I am running on with old times 
that are passed and gone, and the ends getting 
cold. Surely here is enough string for all the 
flowers in the garden. So be off with you 
while I finish my work." 

Will had come down to find Sylva, and 
catching the thread of the story, had listened 
with as much interest as she had. When they 
were again in the porch among their fragrant 
flowers, they planned to do some kindness to 
the washwoman whose history was so romantic. 
But there is nothing romantic in poverty un- 
less it is glorified by genius or beauty; and 
though Mrs. Ford was in every way except 
worldly position as fine a specimen of human- 
ity as many a lady for whom Sylva and Will 
felt the greatest respect, to them she was sim- 
ply the washwoman, and they planned to 
i}righten one of her holidays. Still, I think 
the angels must have smiled upon the two 
bright heads so full of charitable thoughts, 
bending over the creamy roses and blushing 
pinks; for surely these two meant only good in 
epite of what followed. 

The sonth winds, soft as the caress of baby 
fingers, swept in among the leaves and silken 
petals, tossing Sylva's bronze-brown curls tilay- 
fully, and kissing to a warm rose hue Will's 
smooth cheek. And the same breath of heaven 
wiped the sweat beads of toil from the brow 
of the soldier's widow while she hnng out the 
embroidered lawns and laces, which were wont 
to cling about Sylva's lithe figure like the airy 

draperies of the angels in Angelo's paintings. 

The boom of cannon — how it bursts and wails 
along the hills, and across the gorges, awaken- 
ing every echo and quickening the pulses in 
the most stolid breast. Oh, the red plumes and 
the matches ! They touch off more patriotism 
than all the sentiment ever portrayed by pan- 
cil or ink. 

The Fourth of July was welcomed by the 
usual stirring demonstration. Mrs. Ford's 
three rooms, high up in a house in Glover alley, 
were fragrant and bright with flowers, which 
came with a basket of delicious fruit and cakes, 
and besides came a boxful of fire-crackers, tor- 
pedoes and R iman candles for Georgie, Mrs. 
Ford's only son, a lad of thirteen, and it all was 
made the more acceptable by the dainty note, 
penned and worded so gracefully by Sylva. 
Mamie was home from the sewing-machine 
oflfioe where she worked, and of course Georgie 
was out of school, so the little family had a 
whole bright, blessed day together. 

Miss Sylva Rush, with her luxuriant tresses 
twisted into a Greek knot, and robed in classi- 
cal drapery, stood amid garlands of cut flowers, 
white she waved a flag and sang the Star- 
Spangled Banner, which was assisted by a ring- 
ing cborus, the most charniing voice of which 
was a tenor, and of course that tenor .was 

Dr. Djan followed the delivery of the Dec- 
laration of Independence by an original oration 
and was enthusiastically applauded. Sylva de- 
lighted in lofty sentiment, and thrilled at the 
tones of his clear sonorous voice that rang with 
energy and pathos, while it convicted with the 
poise of truth, sweeping all listeners along with 
the spell of a swift, crystal, dimpling current. 
And she was entranced while she listened, for 
something in the depths of the doctor's serene 
blue eyes had a charm for her which awakened 
all her sympathies. 

But I laugh to think how old he seemed on 
this day to the girl of seventeen, courted with 
all the elegance of a hero in a novel by our 
young friend there — Will Fleetwood. The 
doctor was thirty-six; and true, the close- 
olipped looks on his finely formed head were 
sprinkled with gray, and a few silvery threads 
shone in his dark mustache, but these were 
partly due to application to his profession, and, 
to tell the truth, he prized them highly, since 
they indicated experience and brought him 
patients; and so his gray hairs were better than 
gold ones would have been. 

When the exercises were over and the crowds 
passing out of the hall, a pitiful accident oc- 
curred, Down the street came a runaway ex- 
press wagon, the horses tearing wildly along, 
scattered every one from before them except a 
little child who chanced to be crossing the 
street in front of the hall. In spite of hi* 
father's efforts to save him he was struck by 
one of the frightened horses and left a helpless 
bleeding morsel of humanity, broken like some 
fragile flower. Dr. Dean was called, and in a 
few minutes he was in a store doing all that 
could be done for the little sufferer. A bandage 
and lint were required, besides gentle, steady 
hands to assist in setting a broken bone, and 
Sylva, who knew the child well, and was near 
him when the accident occurred, now offered 
strips of her liberty costume lor bandages, and 
helped to prepare them and to hold the child, 
while other women sickened at the sight of the 
blood that stained the little shoulder. The 
young girl had forgotten herself entirely in her 
endeavor to help the child whom she had seen 
so often in the joyous playfulness of childhood's 
glee. And so it came about that Will Fleet- 
wood felt a thrill of pride, and a twinge of 
jealousy, too, when the doctor remarked shortly 
after that Miss Rush was a plucky girl — one 
who had a steady nerve, good sense, fine feeling 
— just the very best sort of a young lady, in- 

But another accident occurred that day which 
called for the doctor's skill, and in which Sylva 
also took a part, though very indirectly. At 
the hour of dusk, when the children go wild 
with their firecrackers and rockets, Georgie 
Ford was setting off his treasures one by one, 
and making himself the envy of the whole alley, 
when by some inadvertence a torpedo ex- 
ploded, burning his faoe and neck with powder 
and setting his clothes afire, which further 
burned him before they were torn off by his 
frantic mother and sister. In this humble home 
the glad day was turned into a night of watch- 
ing and sorrow. 

Mrs. Ford spent many a weary day by the 
bedside of her child, while her mother's heart 
was wrung with uncertainty and dread. She 
sent word to the beautiful home of Mrs. Rush 
that she could not serve her, because of her 
son's illness, refraining with delicacy from men- 
tioning the cause of his sickness. One after- 
noon shortly after, Sylva found Mrs. Ford's 
apartments, and after climbing the narrow out- 
side stairs, pansed for breath before she rang. 
Through the open window she heard subdued 
tones, and recognized the voice of Dr. Dean, 
saying, "I will send around a little wine, which 
is exactly what he needs now, besides the medi- 
cine. Keep np your courage. He will proba- 
bly be all right in a few weeks. Good-day." 

Then the door opened, and there stood the 
doctor, his serene blue eyes bent pleasantly 
upon her, while he smiled, spoke a few conven- 
tional words and hurried away. 

Sylva's bunch of roses and glass of jelly 
brought the light of childish pleasure to 
Georgie's eyes, and she sat by his bed talking 
sweetly to him a few minutes, and left him 
to slnmber with the flowers clasped in his hands. 
Then she spoke with Mrs. Ford, and when that 

woman's grateful heart overflowed with praise 
of the doctor, who had been so kind, so delicate, 
so truly good, Sylva found a new interest in 
the conversation and prolonged it. She came 
again with more flowers and other gifts, and 
chanced also to meet the doctor, who smiled to 
see her so charitable. 

Ere autumn's golden fruit hung heavy upon 
the orchard trees, Sylva had become " a regular 
little sister of charity," so her father said. To 
her family this appeared only a girlish fancy, 
which would soon change for something else. 
Will entered with boyish interest into many of 
her plans; and no one noticed that Dr. Dian's 
poor patients — and there were many of them — 
received most of her offering?. The doctor 
himself would have been the most surprised to 
know that the fair young girl who came with 
such a light step and gentle voice to those who 
were in sickness and want, was following liter- 
ally his example. 

She had enshrined him in her heart as a 
hero— one of earth's noblest heroes who seem 
to bring the balm of healing from heaven, 
"without money and without price." He was 
one of those rare beings to whom the exercise 
of kindness and sympathy are as natural and 
unconscious as is the shining of the aureole of a 
saint, and Sylva, who saw without the scales of 
onr earth-dimmed eyes, which are apt to im- 
pute to benevolence the motives of self-interest, 
followed in his footsteps, and, all unconscious to 
herself, began to cherish and seek to win the 
glances of his serene blue eyes, which also 
sparkled with the charm of those of the critic 
and the humorist. Many a being of this exalted 
mold has lost the dearest joy of life through 
such admiration of a noble character, which 
remains forever unconscious of the incense of- 
fered to it, since native modesty forbids that 
the precious perfume should escape from the 
silver censer. 

But Mrs. Ford's motherly instinct soon dis- 
covered the meaning of the sadden glow on 
Sylva's cheek and the soft lustrous light in 
her dark eyes; so she hinted to the doctor what 
a cruel thing it is to trifle with the affections of 
a young girl. He never for a moment suspected 
himself of such a thing, and when she disclosed 
her suspicions his surprise could not find ade- 
quate expression. 

" Why, the foolish little girl," he said, " she 
is only a child," but he went away with a light- 
ness in his step and in his heart which he had 
not known since his boyhood, for he added 
mentally, " she is a sweet girl and a wise one, 
too, in spite of her foolish fancy. But I guess 
the old lady is mistaken, after all," he con- 
cluded, after reviewing Sylva's quiet, thought- 
ful ways, and he then walked slowly and with 
bent head. " However, I will be on the safe 
side and not meet her so often." 

There were several surprises in store for him 
after this. He changed the hours of his visits 
to his poor patients, and the first was that he 
should miss Sylva so much, since he chanced to 
meet her no more on her gracions errands; and 
the second, that she should be so often in his 
thoughts, and the third was a mingled pleasure 
and pain. When he chanced to meet her after 
s3veral weeks, he noticed that she had grown 
rather pale, and he thrilled to think that per- 
haps she had missed him. 

" Miss Rush, I have missed you very much of 
late; have yoa grown tired of our poor 
patients !" 

The last phrase was a pure subterfuge, for he 
had heard them speak of her kindness almost 
every day. 

But the doctors delicate mode of sparing the 
young lady's feelings reacted upon his own 
head with unwonted vengeance, for his absence 
had disclosed to her the true meaning of her 
high regard for him, so that her fine sense of 
maidenly reserve prompted her to be coy almost 
to indifference. The doctor concluded again 
that Mrs. Ford was mistaken, and also that 
Miss Rush was a very lovely young lady — one 
that was worth any trouble to win, and thn doc- 
tor was not one to dally when he had made up 
his mind to do anything. 

That evening Sylva sang to her mother's ac- 
companiment on the piano a song to Mr, and 
Mrs, Fleetwood, who had come in with Will 
to spend the evening. They listened to the 
rich notes that rose and fell with the silvery 
tones of the instrument, and Mr. Rash, who 
sat inhis easy- chair, looked on their delight 
with all a father's pride. He noticed his old 
friend Fleetwood wiping the moisture from his 
eyes, while the clear, soft melody poured forth 
the thrilling words: 

" We were comrades togelher when the boys 

marc'ied away; 
In hard limes we were faithful, and in good times 

we were gay; 
And sometimes we were longing for the dear ones 


We were comrades together in the days of the war. 
* « ♦ • « . • 

Rally around the campfire from near and from far. 
We were comrades togelher in the days of the war. " 

" Sylva, your song has awakened some of 
the most sacred feelings in my breast," said 
Mr. Fleetwood, when she had concluded. "I 
would not be here to listen to your sweet voice 
if one of my comrades had not eaorifioed him- 
self for me." 

" Tell us about it," said Sylva, her dark eyes 
kindling with her old hero worship. 

" Those days of the war I often think of," 
Mr. Fleetwood went on. "It was one of onr 
most terrible battles, when the boys poured out 
their heart'ii blood upon the awful field of 
Corinth. We fought all day in the powder 
smoke, while the cannonading rolled the thun- 


JoLY 6, 1889] 

f ACIFie [^URAlo f RESS 


der of death across the murky heavens, and 
the whistling of balls was as familiar to our 
ears as the twitter of sammer birds had been 
in other days. I remember I was on the 
skirmish line, and a good-hearted fellow, who 
was one of the six at our mess, happened to be 
beside me. Swinging around a little hillock, 
we were surprised by the enemy pouring 
upon us a shower of musketry. We all dropped 
as if dead to get what shelter there was from a 
little thicket of saplings. Several were 
wounded. I had lost this little finger. As 
the enemy came upon us, we started up, but I 
stumbled, and Ford, my comrade, screening 
himself behind a bush, gave me his hand. The 
stone over which I had fallen delayed me 
again and one of the enemy thrust his bayonet 
at me, but Ford threw himself between my 
bent head and the shining steel. The point 
pierced through his leg about the knee. Then 
came a rush of horsemen, and we both rolled 
down into a little gully. I was slightly injured, 
but Ford was crippled for life. He was taken 
to the hospital and I went on with the fight. 

" I learned that he partly recovered and per- 
formed gallant service before he was discharged, 
but since the war I have never been able to hear 
from him, although I have made diligent in- 
quiries. It would be one of the greatest pleas- 
ures of my life to show in some way my grati- 
tude to that kind-hearted fellow who gave his 
health and jeopardized bis life to save my head 
from the thrust of that bayonet." 

With a little gesture of excitement, Sylva 
exclaimed dramatically: " That brave, tender- 
hearted hero has already received his reward 
above the star-hung portals of heaven. Bat his 
widow — how can 1 honor a land that will per- 
mit the widow of such a soldier to go out 
washing for her bread — a Government that will 
deny her even the pittance which it pensions to 
its disabled veterans. Mrs. Ford is now living 
in an alley suffering the most painful trials and 

Then and there they planned to relieve Mrs. 
Ford from her distressing circumstances, and 
Sylva promised to accompany Mr. Fleetwood 
on the next afternoon to visit the widow of his 
old comrade, whom he remembered with a 
brother's affection. 

Sylva slipped out in the golden light of the 
autumn morning to prepare Mrs. Ford for her 
visitor. Never had her cheeks glowed with 
such rich carnation, or her dark eyes shone 
with such luster, as they did when she left the 
narrow doorway of that humble home, followed 
by the widow's blessing, and tripped down the 
stairway so preoccupied with thoughts of the 
poor woman's happiness that she never saw the 
doctor until she found herself in his arms. His 
earnest eyes, aglow with the light of love, were 
bent joyfully upon her face. 

" Oh ! I did not see you, and the stairway is 
BO narrow," she faltered. But he did not heed 
her words. 

" Sylva," he said, " I love you with all my 
heart. Will you marry me ? " She was speech- 
less, and for reply she held up her sweet, icjno- 
cent lips to be kissed, while the rose-twined 
trellis, which shut away the narrow street, 
rained down upon thea a whole shower of pink 
and white rose petals. 

Who Is He? 

The following riddle was sent to the Modesto 
Herald by "H. S." He who is spoken of is 
well known to nearly all our readers, and we 
guessed his name readily. We will not tell it, 
however, but allow our young folks to find it 
oat for themselves. 

" It's not John the Baptist, nor yet the Wan. 
dering Jew, for he was with Noah in the ark. 
He knows not his father, for he never lay on 
his mother's breast. Matthew, Mark and John 
speak of him, His coat is neither silk, woolen 
nor flax, and is neither knit, woven nor spun: 
but it has many colors, and fits close *o the 
skin. He never was married, but has many 
wives, and divides with them what he finds. 
He is neither a prince nor a king, yet he wears 
a crown upon his head. He prefers to dine in 
a farmer's barn rather than in a king's pal- 
ace. He once preached a short sermon that 
convinced a man of his sin, and caused him to 
weep bitter tears. He never rides on horse- 
back, yet he is equipped as horsemen are. He 
never goes to bed, but sits with his clothes on. 
When you hear his voice vou may know what's 
approaching. Who is he ? " 

"A Strajjoe metamorphosis has taken place 
in the tree that Washington cut with his little 

•' How is that?" 

"It was a cherry tree, you remembar?" 

" Well, now it is very generally regarded as a 

Mrs. De Billete— I really must travel this 
summer for my health. It is such a worry, 
though, to make up one's mind what route it is 
best to take. 

Aunt Hannah — Why lor, child, if you'rs feel- 
in' bad at this time o' year, the best root you 
can get is yaller dock, to my notion. 

It is now unlawful for boys under 16 years 
of age to smoke cigarettes on the streets of 
Modesto, or for merchants to sell them to such 

(Janal Buildinq in France is crowding the 
lailroada to the wall. 


Enigmatic Snarls, Hard and Easy, for 
Young People of all Ages to Untangle. 



When balmy sleep my eyelids sealed 
la soft repose, across the field 
Of vision stole a genie vast, 
At whose wild look I stood aghast. 
He with a magic talisman 
Presented me and thus began: 
" A potent charm to you 1 bring, 
As were Aladdm's lamp and ring. 
At dinner drop it on your plate. 
The ruler of a Roman State 
Will rise to view — you know his name — 
He by strange m^ans acquired great fame. 
If 'tis in idle talk let fall, 
You'll see arise a robber tall; 
If in a plot you plant your prize, 
A toiler of the sea will rise; 
Hut fling it not from thee in wrath. 
In fear a ghost may cross thy path." 

The genie fled as day began 

To gild the Eist; thf talisman 

Remained behind, and on a test 

I found — quite strange — that it possessed 

The virtues he for it did claim — 

One simple letter shows its name. 

W. Wilson. 

48. — C HARADE. 

If we define the first transparent. 

And nonsense if we call the second, 
Then u>/wU, as seems to be apparent, 

Transparent nonsense should be reckoned. 
But some words in their meanings vary, 

With definitions quite a number, 
And whole (see Webster's dictionary) 

Means a good quality of lumber. 


49. — THE pendulum PUZZLE. 
Two clocks stood lacing each other. The 
pendulum of one clock mide three complete swings 
a second, while the pendulum of the other clock 
made tioo complete swings a second. How many 
times a minute did the pendulums piss each other ? 

J. H. Fezandie. 

50. —anagram. 
If you wish to go by rail. 
Hasten to the station; 
With ■' train on time " you will not fail 

To reach your destination. 
Nn further clue than this I lend, 
You'll find the answer in the " end." 


51. — metathesis. 
Ciin you a simple word rehearse 

That means to gain, to bind or fetter, 
And make it mean quite the reverse. 

By metathesis of a letter ? W. Wilson. 

52. — double acrostic. 

I. A celestial spirit. 2. rhe ony.v. 3. To op-n. 
4. Cloudy appearance. 5. A small vessel. 6. For- 
eign. 7. Full of chinks. 

Primah: Contrary. Finals: To fluctuate. Con- 
nected: Opposite weight. Frank. 

53.— A name. 

From a cottage danced a child. 
Lightly as the mountain breeze. 

Swift of foot and coyly wild, 
As the startled tawn that flees. 

One word tells the way she came. 

And reveals the maiden's name. 

Gushing from the mountain-side, 
Springs a sparkling tiny brook, 

Running, playing seek and hide 
In and out each rocky nook. 

Watch its motions and you see 

What the maiden's name may be. 

See her grown to womanhood, 

Brilliant with a native wit; 
While her heart, so kind and good. 

Harms no other heart with it. 
In each shaft of wit so keen 
Bright the maiden's name is seen. Sea. 


38. — I. A. 2. An. 3. And. 4. Band. $• Brand. 
6. Brands. 

39. — ( r)wo-men. 

40. — Double-eagle. 

41. — G L O S S ED 

L A C T I N E 
E N T E R E R 

42. — I. Crag, rag, brag. 2. — P-i-t. 

43. — Three. 

44. — The author's sentence: Benj. Z. Dick 
wrought X fly maps, q. v. 

45. — Price, rice, ice, etc. 

A Hard-Worked Boy. 

" Now, Jacky, I'll tell you what chores you 
have to do this morning." 

" Oh dear !" wailed Jack, " I want to go 
fishing, right off." 

"You can go fishing. All you have to do 
won't take you more than half an hour, if you 

" I hate to do chores," said Jack. 

" Of course you do. Everybody knows that. 
But chores have to be done, and it is a good 
thing for small boys to have something to do." 

*' Yes, yes," said Jack. " Everybody thinks 
small boys ought to work all the time." 

" You are to carry this pail of cream over to 
Mrs. Lee's." 

"It's ever so far." 

"It is scarcely half a mile. And cut a 
basket of kindling, and dig enough potatoes for 

" I hate to dig. It always makes my back 
ache. And I hate to split kindling; I 'most cut 
myself the other day." 

" Here's the cream." 

" It's such a splendid morning for fishing," 
Jack whined dolefully as he took the small 
pail and went through the back yard, 

" Chores, chores !" he grumbled. "I do be- 
lieve they think boys were made for nothing 
else but to do chores. I shall be all tired out 
before I go fishing. If mother'd ever been a 
boy and had to do chores, she'd know." 

Hannah, the girl that helped in the kitchen, 
was in the yard, and Jack's remarks had been 
half to her and half to himself. 

" Do yon think your mother has no chores to 
do, then?" asked Hannah. 

"Of course she hasn't," eaid Jack. "Did 
you ever see her piling wood, or running er- 
rands, or driving the cows, or cutting kind- 
lings ? " 

" Did you ever see her making bread or pies 
or cakes for little boys to eat? " asked Hannah. 
"Did you ever see her making butter and 
cheese and soft soap ? Did you ever see her 
sweeping and dusting and making boys' beds ? 
Did you ever see her making pants and coats 
and mending stockings and sewing on but- 
tons ? " 

" Here, Watch, Watch, Watch 1 " called 
Jack, as he turned into the lane. 

"I believe I'll hitch Watch to the little cart 
and make him draw me," said Jack. " He's a 
lazy fellow, and ought to be good for some- 

Jack set his pail down and hunted in the 
barn for some straps and strings. By the time 
he had found enough. Watch was gone and 
had to be hunted up again. It took some time 
to harness him in, and then he showed, as he 
bad often shown before, that he did not enjoy 
being tnrned into a horse. 

"Get up. Watch 1 Behave yourself, I say." 
Jack seated himself in the cart and ordered 
Watch to go on. Then Watch came to a dead 
stand until Jack got out and led him, when 
he would start off on a brisk run, and Jack 
would jump into the cart. But the moment he 
felt the small boy's weight. Watch again came 
to a halt. After this bad taken place about a 
dozen times, the cream, strange to say, arrived 
eafely at Mrs. Lee's. 

Jack worked his way home as be bad come, 
and turned hia dismal face toward the wood- 

" I never did like to chop kindling. I don't 
see why Hannah uses up such an awful lot of 
it. I don't see why she can't cut it herself. 
Stop now — there are some good pieces lying 
here. That'll be so much lees to cot." 

He pounced on some small bits of wood, and 
then began looking for more. 

" Perhaps I can find enough withont cutting 
a mite." 

Up and down the yard went Jack, carefully 
picking up chips and small bits of wood. He 
found a long stick, and, with much labor, broke 
it into short pieces with his bands. He turned 
over some heavy sticks of wood to find a few 
bits which lay under them. He spent a good 
deal of time breaking splinters from the hard 
wood, getting many a sliver into his fingers. 

"I do declare, I've 'most got my basket full," 
he at length said. " I'll finish with some of 
these dry bushes over on that heap in the cor- 
ner. " 

The bushes were thorny and hard to get at, 
but in the course of time Jack had the satis- 
faction of seeing his basket filled. 

" Now for the potatoes. I think .Joe ought 
to dig the potatoes. It's dreadfully hard 
work to dig. I believe I'll get my bait first, 
and then I shall be all ready to go fishing." 

Bait was rather scarce, and it took Jack a 
full half hour to get enough. This duty done. 
Jack looked, with a groan, into the potato 

"It'll take three bills, anyway. I wonder 
what folks want to eat so many potatoes for. 
Ah I there's one most on top of the ground. I 
wonder why they plant potatoes so deep under 
the ground, anyway. Perhaps I can ^d some 
more on top of the hills. Yes, there's one over 
in that row." 

For an hour the small boy walked up and 
down betweeen the rows, pouncing upon any 
potato which might chance to be peeping out of 
the ground, often rooting deeply with hands 
for others which lay concealed near them. 

" Well, I've got my potatoes at last 1 " he 
said, standing up to wipe his forehead, "and I 
didn't have to dig a bit. But it's awfully hot, 
and my back aches like sixty. Of course, it's 
hard to get potatoes, pven if you don't have 
to dig. What's that? It's the dinner horn. 

But it can't be dinner-time. But what wonhi 
they be blowing the horn for ? I do believe ifb 
dinner-time. There are the men coming. Dear 
me ! I wanted to go fishing 1 " 

"Jacky," called his mother, as she saw bim, 
" why didn't you come and get the potatoes 
for dinner ? Hannah had to get them an hour 
ago. Where were you ? " 

"I — guess I was digging bait," said Jack. 

" Hello, Jack ! " shouted a boy who with two 
or three others came along the lane; "you 
were a great goose not to come down to the 
river this morning. The fish bit splendid. 
And Mr. Grant had his sail-boat out, and gave 
us all a sail." 

" Why didn't you come ?" asked another. 

"I had to do chorea," whimpered Jack. — 
Christian Union. 

X)0MESTie G[C0J^0MY 

Recipes for Graham Bread. 

[Written for the Rural Press by Mrs. May E. Stafford. ] 
I wonder how many of our readers are lovers 
of graham bread. It was almost an unknown 
thine in our family until a short time ago, when 
it was "prescribed " for a dyspeptic member of 
our family. I was completely ignorant of the 
method of preparing it, and the bakers' "trash " 
bearing the name graham bread was so repug- 
nant to us all that you may imagine my relief 
and pleasure when I came across the following 
recipes in an old copy of the Home Journal. 
Since the first sweet golden brown loaf made 
its appearance on our table, it has been a wel- 
come and health-giving visitor, and now a white 
loaf is looked upon with disfavor. " I'll take 
graham, if you please," is almost the universal 
cry, and graham bread it is. I give the 
recipes here and trust that they will benefit 
some other house-mother and her household aa 
they have mine. 

The steamed loaf is made as follows: Two 
cups of graham flour and one cup each of white 
flour and sour milk. Half a cup of molasses, 
one teaspoonful of soda, stir thoroughly, pour 
into a buttered lard-pail or brown-bread pan, 
and steam two hours; then turn out on a warm 
plate and let stand in the oven ten minutes to 
dry off. Good hot or cold. 

Then to make in a hurry — say inside of half 
an hour — take a quart of buttermilk, one egg, 
pinch of salt and teaspoonful of soda; add 
enough graham flour to make a moderately stiff 
batter. Have a good fire ready, and then pour 
the batter into a buttered bread-pan or flat 
cake or biscuit pan, and bake quickly, and if 
you don't agree with me that it is delicious, aa 
well as cheap and healthful, then — well, I will 
own that I am mistaken, that is all. Some of 
our family prefer the latter recipe sweetened, 
and in that case I add a half-cup of molasses to 
the mixture before baking. 

Sponge Cake. — Beat the yolks of three eggs 
until light, add about half of the whites beaten 
very light, and one cup of sugar and half a 
salt-spoon of salt; pour in the rest of the whites 
and a tablespoonful of lemon juice, and lastly 
one cup of flour; beat all together thoroughly 
and bake in a moderately hot oven. This makes 
12 small cakes baked in patty-pans, or a nice 
loaf in a pan with funnel through the middle. 
Tried and sure. No soda or baking powder. I 
was doubtful at first about the rising, but they 
are light and nice. 

Convenient Salads. — Small potatoes not 
suitable to cook with larger ones should be laid 
aside and used for salads. Boil them and while 
warm peel and slice thin; chop some parsley, an 
onion, and add to the sliced potatoes; sprinkle 
with salt and pepper, and pour over two or 
three dessertspoonfuls of oil, or melted butter 
can be nsed, and moisten the whole with 
vinegar. Sliced beet and cucumber can be 
added to the salad, but it must be done before 
the oil and vinegar are mixed with the pota- 

Orange Jelly.— One-half box of gelatine, 
one-half cup of cold water, one cup of boiling 
water, juice of one lemon, one cup of sugar, one 
pint of orange juice; soak the gelatine in cold 
water until soft, and add the boiling water, 
lemon juice, sugar and orange juice; stir till the 
sugar is dissolved, then strain. Lemon jelly ia 
equally as nice, substituting a large half-cup of 
lemon juice instead of the orange juice and steep- 
ing the grated rind in the hot water ten min- 
utes. Make a day before you wish to use it. 

Chcolatb Cream Cake. — One cup of sugar, 
one half cup each of butter and milk, two eggs, 
1^ cups of flour and one teaspoonful of baking 
powder. Bake in two layers. Cream— Two 
cups of granulated sugar, three-fourths of a cup 
of milk, and a piece of butter the size of an egg. 
Place over the stove until it comes to a boil, 
then boil fifteen minutes. Beat until stiff, and 
spread on the cake. Melt two squares of choco- 
late and spread on the cream. 

Suet Pudding.— Sift together three cups of 
flour, two large teaspoons of baking powder, 
one teaspoon of salt, and a little ground cloves 
and cinnamon. Add two cups of finely chopped 
suet, three-fourths cup of syrup or molasses, 
two well-beaten eggs and enough milk to make 
rather a stiff pudding batter. Give it a good 
beat, pour into a buttered mold, steam for three 
hours and serve with syrup. 

Gold Cake. — Two cups of sugar, foar eggs, 
one-half onp of batter, one oup of sweet milk, 
three tablespoonfuls of baking powder, three 
cups of flour. 


pAciFie f^uraid press. 

[Jolt 6, 1889 


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Saturday, July 6, 1889. 


I LiIjUSTRATIONS. - An Old Time Dan ing Master, 1 . 
The Minute Man, 8- The Great Eiffel Tovier, Paris Ex- 
position, 9. 

EDITORIALS.— Fun in Olden Time, 1. The Week; 
l ailroad Dis'-riniination 8 

OORRBSPONDISNCB.— lone Valley, 2. 

San Jose Grange; Travels ol the Worthy Lecturer; Let- 
ter Notes, Etc.; The Watsonville Grange Meeting; IIol- 
lister Grange; Advice to Brother and Sister Tliistle; 
Active Times; Miacellanenus, 4-5. 

THE APIARY.— Foul Brood iu Kem County; Havoc 
Anion).' the llonev Makers, 2. 

SWINE YARD. How the Pijs Were Saved, 2. 

FRUIT PREcJBRVATION.— The Dried Fruit Id- 
du. ti v. No. 2, *2. 

THMi LUMBKHMAN-A Tlieory ottheRedwoods.S 

THE STOCK YARD.— Cattle Interests of San Luis 
Obispo, 3. 

THE HOJi4E CIRCLE.— The Soldier's Widow, 6. 

Who Is He, 7. 
YOUNG FOLKS' COLUMN.— Tangles; A Hard- 
Worked Bov, 7. 
DOMESTIO ECONOMY. — Recipes for Orahim 

Bread; Vatious Recipes, 7. 
FLORIST AND Gardener. -The Fuchsia city, 

0. Scentifij ^otei; Trade Notes, 10. 
AGRICULTURAL NO'l'fSS.— rtom the various 

counties of California, lO-ll. 
HORTICULTURB.-State Horticultural Society; 

Tlio State Biard cf Horticulture, 5 
POULTRY YARD.— The Homing Antwerp Pigeon 


Business Annoanoements. 

[NEW TH18 I88DR.) 

Windmills— R. F. Wilson & Co , Stockton. 
Wagono, Etc. — Studebaker Bros. Mfg Co. 
Grain-Cleaners— U. D. Nash & Co., r>acramento. 
Wagoi 8. Etc. — Bull & Grant Farm Implement Co. 
Miss Bisb e's Home and Day Scliool, Oakland. 
C. C. Liniment Co. 

Fruit-Pitting Knives— Baker & Hamilton. 
Uolsteins - J. A. Scholefield. Hollisier. 
Steel Pens— Ivison, Blakeman & Co., N. Y. 

trSee Advertiging Columns. 

The Week. 

The Rural i8 printed one day earlier than 
uaual this week, for Thursday is our Kationa 
birthday — the anniversary of the Declaration 
of Independence, which will doubtless be cele- 
brated near and far with the usual explosions of 
powder, ringings of bells, processions and literary 
exercises, io whioh "The Star-Spangled Bin- 
ner," the reading of the Declaration, and the 
flips and screams of the Amerioan eagle will 
occupy the place accorded them by established 
usage. It is the commemoration of an event 
whioh has proved of vast importance ta the 
world, and whatever may be thought of meth- 
ods of celebration the event should never lose 
its hold upon the patriotic heart. 

Just after the Rural was printed last week, 
rain unusually heavy for June fell over a great 
area of the State, but the fall was not heavy 
or protracted enough to do any material dam- 

Work on the south-spit jetty at Eureka, 
Humboldt, is going along with all possible dis 
patch. Some of the mattresses deposited in 
the breakers weigh 50 tons each. Two hundred 
tons of rook are used each day. 

Theo. D. Woolsev, the famons and honored 
ex-president of Yale, died at New Haven on 
the lit., aged 87 yeari. 

The Minute Man. 

[Written for the Rural Press by Eari, M.\rbi,e.] 

I sing the praise of the glorious days 

Of a hundred years ago — 
A hundred years and thirteen more 

That shine in history's glow ! 
And the Minute man, who stood in the van 

Of the people's struggle grand, 
I sing his praise as well the while 

The country's smiles are bland. 
While the furrow turns, his tried heart burns 

With memory of his wrongs, 
And his ears are deaf to the happy notes 

Of the birds' exulting songs. 
With anxious face, his sturdy pace 

The furrow follows round. 
The while he listens anxiously 

For the drum-beats' distant sound. 
The tyrant foe has struck the blow ! 

No longer idly lies 
The musket 'neath the barberry hedge. 

Awaiting the foeman's cries. 
The powder-horn ! ere another morn 

How many deaths 'twill knell ! 
As from the flint-lock musket's mouth 

It sings its song full well. 
Our free, broad land, with its destiny grand, 

This day would never know 
Had the Minute man shunned duty's call 

A hundred years ago. 
A duty stern at every turn — 

Ah ! that is the secret spring 
To touch which wakens the world again, 

As its joy-bells loudly ring. 
As the bells ring out, 'mid clangor and shout, 

On this merry Fourth of July, 
Let our love for the Minute man be renewed 

As his soul we glorify ! 
In '76 to-day's smart tricks 

Were all unknown, in truth ; 
But the land that to-day in manhood stands 

Was then in a vigorous youth. 
And a youth that gave, the land to save, 

A vigorous life and free, 
While an old world, tyrant-ruled, waked up 

And rubbed its eyes to see. 
And the Minute man it saw in the van 

Of the move for the people's rights ; 
And a niche in the sky will e'er be his, 

'Neath memory's mellowest lights. 

Railroad Discrimination. 

It seems strange that there should be to much 
discrimination in freight rates on our California 
railroads, when there is a specific law upon the 
subject, which, if honestly carried out, would 
prevent it. Section 4S9, Civil Code, says: 

All railroad corporations must fix and publish 
their rate of charges for freightage and fares from 
one depot to another on thpir various lines of road 
in this State, graduated as follows: 

ist. One rate of charges per mile for a distance 
of loo miles or over. 

2d. One rate (or a distance of 75 and less than 
100 miles, charging not exceeding 10 per cent per 
mile more than the first rate. 

3d. One rate for a distance of 50 and less than 
75 miles, charging not exceeding 15 per cent per mile 
nior.- than the first rate. 

41I1. One rale for a distance of 25 and less than 
50 miles, charging not exceeding 20 per cent per 
mile more than ihe first rale. 

Sth. One rate (or a distance of not exceeding 25, charging not exceed ng 25 per cent per mile 
more than tht first, or hundred-mile rate. 

The Rkilroad Commissioner's work is very 
much simplified by this law, for they all are 
required to do is to fix upon the hnndred-mile 
rate, and the law fixes the rate for lesser dis- 
tances, and it seems that the increased per- 
centage of from 10 to 25 per cent is ample to 
cover the diffirence in expense as between a 
long and short haul. 

There is an impression abroad that the new 
Constitution and law creating the Railroad 
Commission repealed Sec. 4S9, Civil Code, but 
this is not so. Sec. 1 of Article XXII of the 
Constitution says: 

That all laws in force at the adoption of this Con- 
stitution, not inconsistent therewith, chall remain in 
full force and effect until altered or repealed by the 

Sec. 22, Article XII of the Constitution, 
which provides for the formation of the Rail- 
road Commission, and the Act of April 18, 1880, 
organizing and defiaing the powers of the Rail- 
road Commission, does not conflict in any 
manner with Sao. 489, C;vil Code, in relation 
to fixing rates, nor is this section repealed, 
specifically, or by implication, in any manner. 
The object of all the laws seems to be, to pre* 
vent overcharges and discrimination, and are in 
direct line with Sec. 489. 

In Chicago Railway Co. vs. United States 

{127 U. S., 409), Mr. Justice Field says: 

When there are two Acts or provisions of law re- 
lating to the same subj-ct, effect is to be given to 
both, if that be practicable. If the two are repug- 
nant, the latter will operate as a repeal of the former 
to the extent of the repugnancy. 

And the Supreme Court of this State, in the 
case of the Bank of British North America vs. 
Israel Cohen (No. 11,C35), in relation to the 
laws governing the Bank Commiision, and 
which is a parallel case to this, anstains Judge 
Field's decision. 

It cannot be seen how our Railroad Commis- 
sion can avoid compliance with this law, and 
thereby give our people relief from the discrim- 
inations now practiced in charging " all the 
community will bear," in place of a reasonable 
and just tariff. 

The average freight charges of the whole 
United States, for long and short hauls and 
large and small lots, being only one cent per 
ton per mile, double that rate certainly wonld 
not be low for full carload lots for the 100- 
mile rate, especially when the shipper loaded 
and unloaded the goods. 

The railroads of California are no doubt get- 
ting from three to five times as much for 
freight as the average charge in the East, and 
it is time this matter was seriously looked 
into, for producers, considering the low prices 
they are receiving for their products, cannot 
afford to pay more for the railroad iservice than 
it is really worth. We take great pride in 
seeing all our valleys and mountains made ac- 
cessible by rail as early as possible, but it 
will not do to impoverish the whole oommnnity 
for that purpose. 

Growing Okanoe Seedlinus. — In the Rural 
of June 221 mention is made of the planting of 
two tons of orange seed; by which is meant that 
two tons of oranges were used for seed pur- 
poses. This is a large plantation, but we learn 
that larger amounts have sometimes been used 
by single establishments. For example, the 
Aloha nurseries at Penryn, Placer county, used 
in June, 1888, 5720 pounds of Tahiti oranges, 
or about 2^ tons. The way Mr. Miles, man- 
ager of this nursery, handles his seedlings was 
described in the Rural of May 18th, as no 
doubt those interested in the growth of orange 
seedlings have already notioed. 

July 6, 1889.] 

f ACIFie I^URAb f RESS. 

What a Leading Canner Thinks. 

As the beliefs and plans of the canners are of 
present interest to the fruit growers, we ob- 
tained an interview with A. D. Cutler of the 
Cutting Packing Co. of San Francisco, and the 
following statements in regard to the cannery 
interests of the coast were kindly furnished. 

To get at the present condition of the mar- 
ket, it will be necessary to go back to last 
year's pack. In 1887 and the opening of 1888 
there was an extraordinary demand for our 
products. This stimulated our canneries and 
encouraged Eistern buyers to lay in a heavy 
stock. To offset this activity, it soon tran- 
spired that the Eistern crop was very heavy. 
Overland railroad rates were increased, while 
the winter of '89 was remarkably open and cut 
rates allowed to Eistern packers, thus enabling 
them to ship into Chicago and other distrib- 
uting points much cheaper than we could. 

All of these unfavorable conditions, following 
so close together, somewhat demoralized the 
markets, and dealers found it impossible to dis- 
pose of the goods on hand. This neceesitated 
the carrying over by the canners of the balance 
of the stock on hand. The markets are just 
now beginning to recover a little, and during 
May and June most of the surplus has been 
cleared out. As to future sales that should 
have been made in June, scarcely any have 
been made and the outlook is not bright. Near- 
ly all orders which are now being received are 
from the Pacific Coast, with a few small export 
orders. The heavy foreign markets are nearly 
all overstocked. 

From a canner's standpoint the remedy is, 
first, to reduce the overland freights; second, to 
reduce the price of green fruit. Every other 
item which the canner uses, excepting sugar, 
has been reduced to the lowest notch. Sugar 
is now nine cents, agiinet six cents for the 
three preceding years. This increases the 
total cost of the output five per cent. The re- 
duction of fruit, sugar and freight rates is all 
that the canners want. If these reductions 
could 'oe secured they will agree to put out 
double the amount, sell at a very low margin, 
and will arrange to do away with any surplus. 

The Chinese packers are just now attracting 
public attention. There seems at present to be 
but one feasible way of stopping the evil; that is, 
by the Legislature passing stringent law«. like 
those of New York and Maryland, compelling 
every canner to put his correct name and ad- 
dress upon every can of fruit sent out. Ameri- 
can houses do all the selling for the Chinese 
packers, they having found it impossible to dis- 
pose of their proluot by their own <ffjrts. 

The decreased dtmand for canned goods is 
partly owing to the fact that local can- 
neries are being established in many 
parts of the Western and Middle States 
which have hitherto consumed large 
quantities of our goods. 

The more thickly settled the States 
become the more local canneries there 
will be. So far we have been enabled 
to keep ahead at a profit, but now the 
point has been reached that we have to 
reduce the output or have the cost less- 
ened if we compete in the market. 

The Cutting Packing Co. never send 
out a can of goods unless it is packed by 
themselves and has their autograph label 
attached. This is an absolute rule. 

Of the 30 listed canneries on the coast, 
21 are genuine and nine are bogus. There 
are about 75 brands. The establishments of 
the bogus members of the fraternity are known 
in the trade as paper canneries. 

As an illustration of the kind of competition 
we have to meet, last season goods that were 
packed in Biltimore were surreptitiously labeled 
and put on the Chicago market as California 
goods, and at 12^ cents less than our own goods 
were selling for. This trick was perhaps ac- 
complished by relabeling a cheap grade of goods 
after they had reached Chicago, 

The general pack will, this year, be 
about one-half to two-thirds what it was last 
year. So far the crop is not so short as re- 
ported, and plenty of fruit is offered. All 
things considered, the fruit this year is the 
best we have had for some time. 

The fruit-grower should not consider the 
oanner as a man who is trying to rob him; the 
prosperity of one is eesential to the prosperity 
of the other. It is to the honest canner's in- 
terest to pay the grower the highest possible 

price for green fruit, for if the grower, making 
no profit, ceases to produce, and thereby de- 
creases the supply and raises the price, the 
canner must go out of business, because there 
are no means by which his profits may be in- 
creased in proportion to the expense. 

The Cutting Packing Co. went into business on 
this coast in '75; our pack that year was 50,- 
000 cases. The last two years their pack has 
averaged 275,000 cases. The aggregate profit 
per annum was not so great as that of 15 years 

This year they have paid for cherries, 3^ 
cents for dark and 4^ cents for light, but this 
is too high and greatly retards the consump- 
tion. For apricots, weighing 12 to the pound, 
we are paying from 1^ to 1^ cents. 

likely the bulk of the pack will always be con- 
fined to these. I do not belong to the Canners' 
Association at present, some of their methods 
not being according to my notions. 

Such, in a general way, were some of the re- 
marks which Mr. Cutler made to our reporter, 
and they show, we doubt not, the disposition of 
the canners in reference to this year's work. 
Although growers may not agree to all the 
points made, the drift of the communication 
will be none the less interesting. 

The Eiffel Tower. 

The most conspicuous object at the Paris 
World's Fair, which is now in progress, is the 
Eiffel tower, shown in the engraving on this 


It is a pity that growers do not appreciate 
more fully the advantages of thinning; fruit 
thinned down to one-third is much more Eat 
isfactory, and has as much if not more weight 
than that which is not thinned, but you cannot 
make a great many growers see it. It is a fact 
that the canners get the choicest fruit produced 
in the State, excepting the Eistern shipments. 
The canners contract for a certain size fruit, 
and the retail markets have to take what is 

If we packed under-sizs fruit, the reputation 
we have so many years been establishing would 
suffer. The best way for canners to secure 
their fruit is direct from the grower — buying 
through commission houses is all bosh — we con- 
tract for crops of so many pounds, the contracts 
generally turn out short; out of 16 on the table 
13 are short and three are over. 

The canning of small fruits does not amount 
to much. The crops upon which we rely are 
apricots, peaches, pear* and plums, and it is 

page, for which we are indebted to the Califor- 
nia Architect. The tower rises to a bight of 
984 feet, and above that is the lightning con- 
ductor, so that the air is pierced by the struct 
ure to a bight of a round thousand feet. Thi<< 
is one of the most wonderful constructions th ■ 
world has ever seen, and the altitude attained 
by such a network shows what great progress 
has been made in modern times concerning 
the strength of materials. 

The tower rests on four independent foun- 
dations, each standing at one angle of a square 
about 330 feet on a side. The foundations 
reach to a depth of about 50 feet below the 
surface. As the engraving shows, the tower 
eEsentially consists of four great curved col- 
umns, independent of each other, and con 
nected together only by belts of girders ai 
the different stoiias, nntil the columns 
unite toward the top of the tower, 
where they are oonneoted by ordinary 
bracing. Iron, and not steel, waa used in the 

oonetruction of the tower throughout. The 
total weight of the wrought and cast iron that 
has been used in this unique tower is 7300 tons, 
not including that used in foundations or ma- 
chinery. The number of pieces of iron of differ- 
ent forms is 12,000. The tower is painted a 
rich chocolate color, the tone of which is light- 
ened toward the summit. 

The tower is a marvel to one who 
gazes from below at its sky penetrating 
altitude, or views it from afar rising above 
the exposition buildings and adjacent struct- 
ures, or catches by night the gleam of its 
electric lantern. Provision is made by which 
visitors are liftei to the top by elevators to 
view the vast landscape which is commanded 
from such a h'ght. The tower is a credit to its 
detigoer and builder, M, Eiffel, and to the 
French people. 

The Fuchsia City. 

San Francisco can justly lay claim to the 
above title, for at no other place in all America 
does this graceful flower attain such perfec- 

The fuchsia was introduced into Sin Fran- 
cisco previous to 1852, at which time there 
were several of the species found in the meagsr 
gardens of the day. In 1860, E L. R imer, now 
proprietor of the Golden G ite ourseiynn Folsom 
St., 8. F., introduced from Eiglmd 16improved 
varieties, which was the firot collection ever 
brought to the coast. A number of these va- 
rieties, and some of the direct offspring of the 
imported plants, are still growing in luxuriance. 

The cool, moist climate and made sandy soil 
of San Francisco seem to be peculiarly adapted 
to the perfect development of this beautiful 
cla9s of plant", E ich year since its first intro- 
duction the fuchsia has grown in popularity, 
until at the present time they are found thriv- 
ing in every unlikely nook and corner. On 
some residence streets there is scarcely a yard 
or strip of shaded ground that does not boast 
of beautiful specimens; doorways and windons 
are shaded, stone walls and board fences cov- 
ered, foundations hid — in fict some yards are 
entirely filled, the plants having exceeded the 
owner's expectations or imagioatioD, 

The fuchsia is San Francisco's flower, and 
really plays a very important part in the city's 
decoration, as there is no class of plants that 
flower nith such profusion and gracefulaees for 
so long a season. There are in this city many 
splendid sp'oim^ns that would do honor to any 
part of the world. 

Added to the fuchsia's other attrac- 
tions is that of easy culture, requiiiog in 
Sin Francisco but little care in stirt ng, 
and scarcely any when once established. 

In the G)lden Gite park the lappy 
idea has been conceived of utilizing the 
various varieties for the margining of 
groups of evergreens, A great cnmber 
of plants have been used for the purpose, 
and the tff ct, combiued with that of the 
acacias and other graceful evergrofns of 
their class, gives a certain unique beauty 
of which no other park in the country 
can boast. 

Altogether, the fuchsia is one of the 
most graceful and attractive features of 
Sin Francisco, and lends a charm to our 
prospective which we cannot hope to ob- 
tain from any other plant. As it is 
the delight of strangers, it should be the 
pride of the people. 

Opium is got by cutting the capsule of 
the poppy flower with a notched iron instru- 
ment at sunrise, and by the next morning a 
drop or two of juice has oozed out. This is 
scraped off and saved by the grower, and after 
he has a vessel full of it it is strained and dried. 
It takes a great many poppies to make a pound 
of opium, and it go< s through a number of pro- 
cesses before it is ready for the market. 

"SLuasHOT."— Gustav Heimmn of Los An- 
geles writes as follows: Among other insect- 
destroyers I find the so called "slugshot," 
especially advertised. Cutworms and citerpil- 
lars of all kinHs being quite a pest in our flower 
gardens at the time, I was persuadtd to use 
this powder as sulphur or ordinary insect pow- 
der is sprinkled over bods or plants. And now 
for the consequence: Yesterday my hundred 


fACIFie F^U 

RAlo f RESS. 

[Jolt 6, 1889 

tender plants, which I so jealously guarded, | 
were full of life, new growth being visible on 
every branch, and I counted buds of peonies, 
hydrangea, snowball, Easter lilies, roses, etc., 
in profusion. To day every one of these leaves, 
buds or stems which were touched by this cele- 
brated powder is blirned to crisps, and all my 
care and work of the year has been wasted. 
The frost of two winters ago did not do as 
much harm in my garden. 

Scientific Notes. 

t Written for the Rural Press by Lorrnzo G. Yatks, F. L. S.J 

The Silky Oak. 

Another name for Grevillca robusta, which 
grows so freely in California, is mentioned in a 
recent bulletin of the Botanical Department of 
Jamaica, W. I., as having bloomed there for the 
first time. These trees have been blooming in 
Santa Barbara for the past three or four years, 
and at the present writing there are probably 
from 50 to 100 trees in bloom, some of them a 
mass of flowers, almost hiding the foliage. 

Mr. E. G. Baker, F. L. S., in a late number 
of the " Journal of the Linnean Society," de- 
scribes a new species of Cytinus from Mada- 
gascar, a parasitic plant allied to that wonder- 
ful plant RaiHesia, which bears the largest 
known Uowers. Cytinus Baroni, the new species, 
is also parasitic, and is the fifth known species 
of that genus. The article is accompanied by 
fine illustrations. 

In the Royal Botanic Gardens of Trini- 
dad one man is kept employed in destroying 
the nests of the troublesome " Parasol ant," 
atla cephalolei. Siys he: " It is really ubiqui- 
tous; no sooner is it destroyed in one spot than 
it appears in another. It is a special pest to 
the rose cultivator." 

Olive.s. — A consignment of olive trees selected 
for their oil-bearing qualities has just been re- 
oeived from Italy by Dr. F. S. Gould of El 
Monticito. They are of the Cncco, Corregiolo, 
Frantoio, Morinello, Morchiaio and Palazzuolo 

A General Index to the first 20 volumes of 
the Botanical Journal (18,38 to 1886) of the 
Linnean Society comprises 428 pages of closely 
printed, double-column matter, compiled by B. 
Diydon Jackson, secretary of the society. 

Preserve the Forests. — Humboldt writes: 
" In felling trees growing on the sides and sum- 
mits of mountains, men under all climates pre- 
pare for subsequent generations two calamities 
at once — a lack of firewood and a want of 

Cacti may be used to advantage for fire bar- 
riers in countries where fires are frequent. 
Aloes and Agaves may be used for the same 

Wo0LD not a hedge of Pereskia aculeata 
make a fine barrier to keep out your neighbor's 
pigs and chickens ? The common name is Bar- 
badoes gooseberry. It grows remarkably well 
from cuttings and may be trimmed without 
limit. It is largely used by florists as stock for 
grafting the finer Epiphyllums and other cacti. 
Grow your hedge and graft your cacti along the 
top of it. 

Trade Notes. 

Sacramento. — Public-spirited Robert Will- 
iamson, who it the nurseryman of the business 
trio, W. R. Strong & Co,, will, with his own 
horse and buggy, take a pleasure trip of several 
months among friends along the coast. This 
firm this year brought out from Florida a very 
large number of orange trees. There were more 
Navels than anything else, though Jaffa, Major- 
ica, M, Sweet, Parson Brown and Tangerine 
were represented. The largest sales made were 
in Butts county. 

Frank Kunz has held two public auctions of 
surplus stock, the first of which was quite a 
success. At both, prices obtained were fair, and 
the only trouble was lack of attendance. The 
sales at a public auctiou-room down town are 
quite common in the East, but are little re- 
sorted to here. 

Geo. H. Kunz is growing olive stock exclu- 
sively, and is building up considerable trade. 

San Francisco. — L, Steffin has removed from 
Third street to 26 Hayes. 

The Eddy street flower-store has been closed. 

H. H. Berger & Co, will build two more 

Berkeley. — Mrs. Gardiner of North End is 
dealing in ornamental stock, principally Japan- 

Niles. — John Rock has gone to Europe and 
R. D. Fox has charge of the California Nursery 
Co.'s business till the return of Mr, Rock, 

Oakland, — Jas, Hutchison has gone to En- 
rope for the summer. 

Portland, Or. — A private letter from Sid- 
ney Clack states he has located at Oregon City, 
a snburb of Portland. He has purchased five 
acres and is building two 18x100 hot-houses. He 
will grow especially roses and chrysanthemums, 

Pasadena. — 0. H. Hovey of Cambridge, 
Mass., is going into thenarsery business at Pas- 
adena. It is said that he and Mr. Raymond 
will be somewhat mutually interested. Mr, 
Hovey will pay particular attention to raising 

Fruitvale, — The Frnitvale Rose Co., com- 
posed of B. M., M. B. and S. A. Pratt, is one 
of the late additions to the growing list of Cali- 
f-^rnia nurserymen. They send a price-list, 

classifying roses as white, red, yellow, pink and 
tinted, which may not be altogether a bad idea. 
The name Pratt has become familiar through 
its frequent honorable mention in connection 
with the State Floral Society. 

Pomona. — N. D. Bnrritt is making the be- 
ginning of a large nursery in Pomona. His 
plantings so far have been of olive and rose cut- 
tings and orange seeds. 

The Army Floral Association, just organ- 
ized in London, proposes to set up disabled or 
poverty-stricken veterans in the business of 
flower selling on the streets. The veterans are 
to be provided with glass-covered barrows, like 
greenhouses, on wheels, 

HoREHOUND (marrubium vulgare) grows in 
large quantities wild in the neighborhood of 
Pasadena, and a carload was recently shipped 
to Peoria, III. It was valued at $730, and the 
freight to destination was $280. 

CiTT the flower stems of Hollyhocks as soon 
as all the flowers are faded, to induce the 
plants to produce new shoots. 

Begonia Rex is the progenitor of nearly all 
of the ornamental leaved Begonias, now so 



Fri'it - Drying Wholesale. — Haywards 
Journal, June 29 : The Haywards Fruit-Grow- 
ers' Association have decided to go into the 
fruit-dryiog business on an extensive scale in- 
stead of having the fruit glut the market. They 
propose to dry it, and at a cost far below that 
of a private individual. The secret of success 
in fruit-dryiog is to have uniform graded frnit, 
which heretofore has not been done, and the 
result has been that immense quantities of in- 
ferior dried fruit has simply swampsd the mar- 
ket. This is exactly what our association is 
arriving at. They have secured a fine place for 
fruit-drying in Meek's field, opposite Kailrcad 
avenue, and propose to purchase the necessary 
machinery to pit the fruit, etc. They ask the 
co-operation of our fruit-growers by sending 
them all the fruit they desire to have dried. 

Oranges from Frcitvale, — Alta, June 28 : 
The first shipment of oranges from Frnitvale, 
E»8t Oakland, has been received in this city. 
The fruit is of the Mediterranean Sweet variety, 
large in size, though slightly green. The or- 
anges were raised by A, Rrandermuhl on the 
old Rhoda place. 


Field Fibs, — Chico Enterprite, Jane 26: A 
fire yesterday morning, which broke out in the 
stubble on Wm, Robertson's ranch, at Gridley, 
burned over his 80 acres, consuming also 848 
bags of wheat. It then spread to the Thresher 
Bros, ranch, destroying 20 acres of wheat 
there, and to Webber's field, where it burned 
over about five acres. There is a little insur- 
ance on the grain. 

The Palermo Well, — Oroville Mercury, 
June 28 : D. K. Perkins informed a reporter 
this morning that he intended to continue the 
work on his artesian well at Palermo. " The 
prospects for getting a good flow of water from 
the well are very good," said Mr. P. " I have 
sent East for the latest improved artesian well- 
boring machinery, and intend to get the water 
at any cost. The well is now 800 feet deep. 
The water has risen to within four feet eight 
inches of the top, and when first reached was 
16 feet below. The boring was commenced on 
a little knoll, which elevation measures the 
number of feet and inches above the common 
level of the surface, which the water fails in 
reaching the top. In other words, the water 
has risen to the level proper. I had a ditch 
dug through this promontory on a level with the 
water, and it heaves out of the well in a small 
volume, and with the same velocity as if it 
were pumped. The heaving of the water in 
the well is attributed to the escaping gas be- 
neath it. I expect to obtain artesian water and 
natural gas through one pipe." 

Value of Cultivation. — Oroville Register: 
John Edwards of Thompson Flat planted on the 
common red soil of the foothills several varie- 
ties of fruit, notably the orange, both last year 
and this, giving them no water except a few 
bucketfnls when set out. The trees have made 
good growth. He has six or eight varieties of 
flowers, including four different kinds of roses; 
also potatoes, tomatoes, onions and melons. 
Some of his watermelons last season weighed 
40 pounds. Yet all of these are grown with- 
out irrigation. The land was dug about IS 
inches deep, and is dug over occasionally now 
about six inches deep. The fruits and vegeta- 
bles all Ho well. The same kind of soil outside 
of his fence shows that the grass has withered 
and died, and the ground is so hard that it 
would take a strong blow with a pick to make 
a hole in it. 

Foreestown Cherries. — The best cherry 
region of this ooanty lies in the hills of Butte, 
Not the lower foothills about Oroville, Wyan- 
dotte, Pentz, etc, but in the higher regions 
from 2000 to 4000 feet in altitude. Of all the 
localities growing cherries in Butte, Forbes- 
town ranks among the first. This fact was re- 
called to mind by receiving this week from A, 
B, Knepper a box of splendid Queen Ann cher- 

ries. They are of the Bigarreau type, having 
a firm, hard flesh. They lack the melting juici- 
ness of the Heart cherries, but they are more 
suitable for packing and shipping, and are far 
more beautiful to the eye for dessert frnit. The 
cherry is more hardy than most of our fruit- 
growers realize. It is well adapted to the 
higher hills. In low or wet soil it soon decays. 
In a very rich soil it is apt to run too much 
to wood. (This occurred in the prairie regions 
of the Western States, where the tree made a 
magnificent growth but bore little or no fruit.) 
If Forbestown was so situated that the fruit 
could be sent to the Eastern markets by rail, 
as can be done with the fruit raised in Placer 
county, no man could ask for a better fortune 
than a few acres of trees that would produce 
such cherries as the Register boys sampled this 

Contra Oosta. 
Barn, Hay and Horses Burnt. — Walnut 
Creek Cor. Oazette, June 28 : The barn on the 
place formerly owned by J. F. S. Smith, about 
one mile from the Oik Grove schoolhonse, was 
burned last Saturday night, together with 40 
tons of hay, 10 head of horses aod mules, and 
nearly all the harness and farming tools belong- 
ing to the place. Loss over $2000. The barn 
was very old, only worth a few hundred dollars. 
No insurance. The hay, three horses and moet 
of the harness and farming tools belonged to 
Charles White, renter on the farm. Four of 
the horses belonged to Mr. Langenkamp and 
the balance to the owner of the farm. The fire 
is supposed to have started from matches 
used by one of the men who slept in a room in 
one corner of the barn, 


Home-Dried Apricots. — Republican, June 
28: B. O, Combs, a live and industrious farmer 
of Fresno county, has answered in a practical 
way the question, " Would it pay for every 
fruit-raiser to be his own packer and drier?" 
He has 476 apricot trees yielding 1,5.000 pounds 
of green apricots, or 3000 pounds of dried ap- 
ricots. He was offered 1.} cents for his fruit 
green and 12^ cents for the dried product. He 
expects to get 15 cents a ponnd for his dried 
fruit. It is of two varieties, the Eureka, a 
white apricot, and the Jackson, a red one. His 
15,000 pounds of green fruit at 1^ cents would 
yield $187.50, while the same converted into 
3000 pounds of dried fruit at 12§ cents would 
yield $375. 

Wheat Harvesting. — Assemblyman Vin- 
cent has a combined harvester, owned by J, A. 
Beall, at work on his ranch on Big Dry Creek, 
During the past week Mr. Beall has thrashed 
over 25 acres per day, from which 380 sacks of 
wheat was obtained. On one day 400 sacks 
were gathered from 25 acres, Mr. Vincent's 
ranch consists of 1050 acres, mostly in wheat. 
The crop is an average one. 


Artesian Water. — Lakeport Avalanche, 
June 27: Milton Wambold has just completed 
boring an artesian well for E. P. Wray. At a 
depth of SS feet a vein of water was struck 
that spouted 21 feet above the ground. The 
bore is three inches, and 200 gallons of water 
flows from this well per minute. 


Crops Promising.— Susan ville Mail, June 27: 
We rode down the valley as far as Buntingville on 
Tuesday of this week, and the crops all along the 
way never looked better. Crops generally 
throughout Honey Lake valley will be very 
good. It may be that on a few high, dry 
ranches the yield will not be large, but these 
are a very few exceptions and not the case gen- 

A Beneficent Temblor. — Here we have 
everything that goes to make life worth living, 
even to free fights, forest fires and earth- 
quakes. Before the earthquake on Wednes- 
day, the springs that supplied the Round Val- 
ley reservoir, we are informed, were complete- 
ly dry, and had been for some time past. They 
are now flowing more water than they ever did. 

Glanders. — Santa Roea Republican, Jnne 27: 
Dr. J. P. Klench, veterinary surgeon, states 
that he was called, professionally, to Marin 
county one day last week, and fonnd three 
horses belonging to an Italian gardener, near 
Olema, suffaring from an attack of glanders. 
The horses were immediately shot and it is ex- 
pected that the disease will be confined to this 
instance. The contagion was brought to the 
place by trading for an alllicted horse from an- 
other locality, 


Good Grain, — Merced Argus, June 29: 
Many farmers, representing all quarters of the 
county, express themselves surprised at the 
heavy yield of their fields of wheat and barley, 
80 far as they have progressed with cutting and 
thrashing. Instead of being downcast and 
moody, as was the case three or four weeks ago. 
their faces are wreathed with smiles and all 
speak encouragingly of the future. 


Seeking Pastures New. — Salinas Democrat, 
June 22: The first of the week a long train 
loaded with cattle passed through Salinas on 
the way to San Ardo. They were the property 
of Brandenstein and Godchaux, and were being 
brought from their Nevada ranches to the stub- 
ble-fields near San Ardo. They were very poor, 
and covered with hair about three inches long, 
not having yet shed their long Nevada winter 
coat. The same gentlemen have about 6000 
head which they find themselves compelled to 

move to prevent their starving. The grass crop 
in Nevada is so short this year that unless re- 
moved to California or Oregon there will be a 
great loss of stock. 


Trocble with Tomato Vines,— Auburn Re- 
publican, June 26: Tomatoes are scarce and 
dear, selling for ten cents a pound, and they are 
not very good at that. H. B. Gaylord, who 
grows vegetables for the local market, says 
there is something the matter with the tomato- 
vines, which is killing them all off just as the 
tomatoes are ripening. The leaves curl and 
turn yellow, and in a few days the vine is flat 
on the ground. Mr. Gaylord does not know 
what the trouble is, but some of his neighbors 
are having the same difficulty, and a similar 
case is reported from the old junction above 
Auburn, so that it does not appear to be con- 
fined to one locality. If any one knows what 
the trouble is and can tell of a remedy, the in- 
formation will be valuable. 

San Bernardino- 

More Orange Orchards. — The Record of 
June 26 Ch gives a list of some 30 persons who 
have set, altogether, 410 acres to trees in On- 
tario this season, and adds: Practically, it is 
solid orange trees, mostly Navels; Harwood 
Bros, set some olives, and the small lots would 
include a few deciduous trees. In '86-7 we set 
210 acres in oranges and 80 in deciduous fruits 
and grapes— total, 290; in '87-8 we set 220 
acres in oranees and 25 acres in mixed fruits; 
total, 245. E. B. Jordan, the North Ontario 
nurseryman, has sold 30,000 orchard orange trees 
this season, besides a large number of smiU 
trees for budding. Of these, 20,000 were sold in 
Ontario, and 10,000 for planting in Cucamonga, 
within two miles of Euclid avenue. It speaks 
well for Mr. Jordan's stock that in one orchard 
of 40 acres only one tree has died. 

Fair Grounds. — Times-Index, Jnne 29: 
Saturday afternoon a citizens' meeting was held 
at the Board of Trade rooms. L. M. Holt was 
elected chairman and J. C, Scott secretary. 
This meeting was called to consider the loca- 
tion of the fair grounds, and act as advisory to 
the Board of Agriculture. The committee of 
nine appointed to advertise for grounds made a 
unanimous report through J, G, Burt, in favor 
of the Ralfe tract of 60 acres, located south- 
west of Urbita with a frontage on Colton av- 
enue. This tract could be purchased for $250 
an acre, or $15,000, one-third down, and bal- 
ance in one and two years. The location was 
discussed for some time, when the meeting ad- 
journed in order to give the Board of Agri- 
culture an opportunity to meet and act on the 
report. The Board of Agriculture was called 
to order and the following members found 
present: L. M. Holt, president; I. N. Hoag, 
R. F. Cunningham, Col. W. R. Tolles, E, 
Rosenthal and P, K. Klinefelter. R. F. Cun- 
ningham moved that the report of the commit- 
tee be accepted and approved, and the motion 
was unanimously adopted. The committee of 
nine was then instructed to incorporate a com- 
pany at once and purchase and improve the 
grounds, if enough stock could be placed to do 
the work. They were given 60 days in which 
to do this work, but were requested to report 
as much sooner as possible. 

San Diego. 
Ripe Lsabellas. — Otay Preu, June 27 : 
To-day we have been shown a fine large bunch 
of ripe Isabella grapes, raised on the ranch of 
W, S, Clark, How is that for early grapes ? 
Mr, Clark will commence marketing bis grapes 
next week, 

San Luis Obispo. 

Harvest Hopes — S. L 0. Tribune, June 
28: Thos. Barrett and J, E. Apsey took a trip 
over the mountains Sunday, swinging far out 
into the Carrisa plains and taking in the thriv- 
ing towns along the railroad. They say as far 
as the eye can reach, and all the way in their 
long drive through the Garrica and the Eureka 
and the Santa Ysibel ranches, it is one solid 
mass of ripening wheat, remarkable in quality 
and probable yield. Little other grain is to be 
seen — wheat is the favorite crop and with evi- 
dent good reason. All varieties, propo, red 
Australia and others are widely represented, 
and as a general thing it appears to be A No. 1, 
bright, large and plump, the heads large and 
heavily filled. There is little sign of damage 
anywhere — no rust nor cheat, and except where 
occasionally may be seen a spot beaten down 
by the late rain and which failed to recover, 
the crop is perfect. Already extensive prepar- 
ations are being made for the harvest. The 
wheat will b: tiae for milling, thin-ekinned and 
making little offal, and probably the Central 
Milling Co. will draw heavily this year from 
the crop of this county. The settlers are in- 
creasing rapidly throughout the section visited, 
and all appear prosperous. Improvements are 
being rapidly made and much attention is paid 
to fruit. Every settler is extending his orchards 
and vineyards, and the vines and trees are mak- 
ing tine growth and thriving splendidly. 
Santa Barbara. 

EncALfPTCS Plantation. — Santa Maria 
Times: Wm. Becker is showing considerable 
enterprise in putting his sandy land, about six 
miles south of town, out in blue gums. He now 
has about 30,000 planted, and will continue 
until he hat a grove of 160 acres. In this same 
vicinity there is a great deal of sandy land, and 
if the owners would follow the example set by 
Mr. Backer, it would prove for them a most 
profitable investment in the course of a few 
years, besides making our valley far more at- 
tractive to the eyes of strangers passing 

July 6, 1889.] 


through. We understand that Mr. Goodwin, 
who has a ranch alongside Mr. Becker's place, 
also has out quite a number of acres of this 
fast-growing tree. 

Olives in the Santa Ynez. — S. L. O. Re- 
public : On our recent visit to Santa Ynez we 
were shown a number of olive orchards. The 
most extensive ones are those of Selby, Hayne, 
Boyd and Dormer, who have many thousand 
trees growing. Selby's orchards are in the bot- 
tom lands of Santa Ynez, and the trees are 
eight years of age. They are 10 or 12 feet tall, 
with trunks from 7 to 12 inches in circumfer- 
ence. Last year they bore quite well, while 
this year they are full of blossoms and young 
berries, a fruit sprig coming from the base of 
nearly every leaf. The yield promises to be 
very heavy, that is, for so young an orchard, a 
yield probably from 10 to 20 gallons of berries 
to a tree. These trees are of the Mission olive, 
which is believed to be the best variety of olives 
for both the oil and pickling. From this or- 
chard a quantity of the fruit was taken last year 
to Mr. Cooper, at Ellwood, and the oil extract- 
ed, a battle of which was shown us, being a 
very bright, clear, golden oil. From one gunny 
sack of berries seven quarts of this oil was 
made. The estimate is that eight gallons of 
berries make one gallon of oil. 

Bean Crop. — Independent, June 29 : We 
have taken some pains to ascertain from differ- 
ent Lima-bean growers -what the prospect for 
Limas would be. After a careful estimate, we 
conclude the crop will not exceed that of last 
year, although at one time there was a prospect 
of a fair yield. In a number of sections the 
cut-worm has made sad havoc. Our season so 
far has been a cold one, and late rains ruined 
the crop of early planters by rotting the seed, 
and in many cases they were obliged to plant 
other varieties, as no Limas could be procured. 

Mustard. — Lompoc Record, June 22 : The 
Trieste mustard seems to be tilling and doing 
well. It 80 much resembles the wild mustard, 
which is suing so much better than it usually 
does, that those growing the Trieste variety be- 
lieve the yield will be fair. No worms have 
appeared to iojare the crop so far. 

Grasshoppers. — J. R. Norris of Pine Grove 
District, when in town Thursday, said the fly- 
ing grasshoppers were coming into his section 
of country from the mountains thick and fast 
and devouring all green vegetation as they 
travel. They have destroyed all his green 
wheat, cleaned up 20 acres of corn for Mr. 
Abies, adjoining his place, ate up Gal Drumm's 
garden and are playing havoc generally. It is 
well that ,they did not come into the valley 
early in the season, as they would have been 
much more destructive than at the present 
time. Some 14 years ago they made a clean 
sweep of this seotion, so people say who lived 
here at that time. 

Santa Clara. 

Prizes for the Fair. — Mercury, June 30: 
The directors of the Agricultural Society met 
yesterday afternoon, with Pres. Topham in the 
chair, and Boots, Rea, Murphy and Boyd pres 

ent E. Topham, chairman of Committee on 

Premium-List, reported that they had revised 
the list of last year and added both to the num- 
ber and the amount of the awards offered. The 
additions and alterations made would probably 
raise the total sum offered for premiums from 
$1500 to $2000. The committee bad also de- 
cided that in judging horses and cattle the scale 
of points should be strictly adhered to, and 
that thoroughbred stallions should be shown 
under saddle, so that judges could see their ac- 
tion. The premium for roadsters was. raised to 
the same amount given for thoroughbreds, and 
in both cases the first prize was fixed at $20 
instead of $15, as heretofore, the second being 
raised to $10 instead of $8. The cattle premi- 
ums have not been raised so much as those of 
horses, but in some oases the sweepstake prizes 
were raised from $15 to $20. Sheep premiums 
remain as last year. The hog premiums have 
been raised about 25 percent. Several changes 
were made in the poultry-list, and additional 
premiums offered for turkeys and peacocks. 
Among the additional premiums offered was 
one for the best four-year-old mare and colt; 
one for walking horses to pull 400 pounds; and 
also that, if the prize of $20 offered by the soci- 
ety for the cow giving the most milk was won 
by a Holstein, Geo. Polhemns would add to the 
prize a special premium of $30. It was decid- 
ed to offer premiums of $20 for families of five 
colts in all classes of full-bred horses, certifi- 
cates of being full bred to be required. The 
prizes for standard-bred trotters to be the same 
as those given for roadsters, viz.: $20 to the 
first and $10 to the second. Horses in this 
class two years old and OTer to be shown in 

Santa Cruz. 
Strawberries by the Ton. — Pajaronian, 
June 27: Some idea of the enormous strawberry 
crop of this valley can be obtained from the ship- 
ments made by Thurber & Co. Last Friday they 
shipped 221 chests (a carload and a half) and 
their daily shipments are averaging over 200 
chests. Thurber & Co. have about one-third of 
the berry acreage of the valley. Their crop is 
very heavy, but not more so than that of other 
growers. The daily output is not less than 600 
chests at present — four carloads in the aggre- 
gate. Prices average about $4 per chest, which 
is yery low. 


Rodents Rallying. — Delta: This has been 
• productive season for jack-rabbits as well as 
more useful things. Tney are already doing 
much damage in many localities. Drives for 

their extermination will have to be started 
again next winter, that antidote being the most 
practical and effective yet devised. 


Cattle Shipments.— L. A. Express, June 
27: W, T. Vail, the cattleman, who has ex- 
tensive ranges in Arizona, said, Saturday: 
" Arizona has sent to Wyoming and Montana 
over 40,000 head of cattle during the past six 
weeks. The cattlemen of that part of the 
Union can make more money by buying the 
stock from the south and fattening them on 
their ranges than they can by raieing them. 
The canse of this is the severe winters. Many 
of the cows, during the extreme cold weather, 
lose their calves, and, in many instances, suffer 
death themselves. The majority of the cattle 
bought are steers, one and two years old. They 
fatten the animals for the Chicago market. 
Over 12,000 head have been sent out of Wil- 
cox alone. From the present outlook I believe 
that the cattlemen of Montana and Wyoming 
intend to buy most all their beef in Arizona 
and New Mexico, and raise but little them- 
selves." Thursday a train of 22 cars of cattle 
passed through the city en route north, and on 
Friday a train of 24 cars went over the S. P. 
tracks destined for Montana. 


An Experiment with Spuds, — Winnemuoca 
Silver State : John Hill and Nels Dann have 
planted about 60 acres of potatoes in what, a 
few years ago, was the bed of Humboldt lake. 
The ground was damp a few inches below the 
surface when they planted the seed. The tules, 
which grew on the ground, had died in conse- 
quence of the drouth, and had been burned cff 
before the potatoes were planted. The seed 
was put deep in the ground, which is naturally 
spongy, and pressed with a heavy roller. The 
potatoes are doing well so far, but it is ques- 
tionable whether they can withstand the parch 
ing heat of the summer. No weeds grow on 
the ground, which will not be hoed or dis- 
turbed in any way while the potatoes are 

Laguna de Tache. 

People in the southern part of Fresno county 
are happy at the decision rendered by Judge 
Campbell in the famous case of Clarke and oth- 
ers against Heilbron and others, generally 
known as the Laguna de Tache case. 

The action was brought to rescind a contract, 
bearing date May 1, 1880, but actually made 
April 18, 1880, between Jere Clarke and Poly, 
Heilbron & Co. of S. F,, and purporting to give 
to P., H. & Co. a lease of the Laguna de Tache 
grant on King's river, and added lands, amount- 
ing to 54,160 acres, for the term of ten years, 
with privilege of purchasing the land, in 
whole or in part, at a stipulated price per 
acre, at any time during the life of the 
lease. Under this contract Poly, Heilbron & 
Co. took possession of the ranch. Some time 
afterward Clarke was judicially declared in- 
sane, but not until he had transferred all his 
real estate to his wife, Charlotte F. Clarke,wbo 
subsequently brought suit to have the alleged 
contract rescinded and the title of the property 

The whole iEsue was simply this : " Was Jer- 
emiah Clarke sane or insane on April 18, 1880?" 
The case was tried before Judge J. B. Campbell 
and by mutual consent, without a jury. The 
trial was a long one and all the evidence was 
duly weighed. The court decides that Ciarke, 
at the time of the making of the contract, was 
insane ; that the defendants are equitably ec- 
titled to improvements made on the property, 
over and above the natural rise of values, in 
the sum of $154,400 ; and gives judgment in 
favor of plaintiffs for possession of the prop- 
erty and for the costs of the action. 

Owing to the fact that it extinguishes Poly, 
Heilbron & Oo.'s claims to the water of King's 
river, the decision meets with almost universal 
approval. The canal-owners of Fresno county 
have been in litigation with the lessees ever 
since they took possession of the grant, and the 
company now has injunctions against all except 
one of the canals, restraining them from the use 
of water from King's river. It is said that 
many who contemplated purchasing land along 
King's river and vicinity have been deterred by 
fear of legal complications. 

The judge was personally acquainted with 
most of the multitudinous witnesses, and as his 
decision was rendered on the question at bar 
and not on collateral issues, it is hoped and ex- 
pected that the Supreme Court will allow it to 
stand as the final settlement of the celebrated 
Laguna de Tache litigation. 



. . .-or all of 
ll\cse tKir\gs lf\ere 
is ivolK'nj equal to 


u;hich is kept bj/ euerjf 
druggist in the lai\d- 








STAR HAMS, Fresh Smoked Here. 

Pure and Unadulterated Lard. 
ASK YOUR DEALER EOR THEM, and if he can't 
supply you, send to 

THOMAS LOUGHRAN, 221-223 Clay St, 

Baling Hay. 

In order to test the difference in Bi'e Rope, about 
which there is much discussion, we to-day used one coil 
Eastern made rope, 59 lbs, which baled 67 bales hay, 
weighing SJ tonn, taking about 7 fts rope per ton, and 
one coil of TUBES CORDAGE CO.'S make, 67 Ihs, which 
baled 88 bales, weighing llj tons, taking 5 lbs per ton. 
Thise fact* prove that it takes about 40 per cent more of 
h astern rope to bile a ton of hay than it does of the 
Tubbs Rope. We used six strands to a bale and not a 
strand of the Tubbs Rope broke. 


Calii'toga, June 5, 1880. 

I this day baled my hay with TUBBS CORDAGK CO.'S 
Bale Rope, five strands to the bale, and it took less than 
four pounds rope to bale a ton. Not a strand broke. 

Calisloga, June (1, ISSU. J. O. BUTTERFIELD. 

Housewives. Attention 

Two new fir't-class Sewing Machines for sale 
cheap. Will be se it direct from warerooms if de- 
sired. Address, ri. F. D., Box 2517, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal , 



Sure Cure for Diabetes, Catarrh of the Bladder, and all Disorders of the Liver 

and Urinary Organs. 

Manufactured by SIERRA CHEMICAL CO., San Francisco, Cal. 


The most powsrful and durable 
Oomblnat'on for Raiding 
Water In the Wor»d. 


P. P. MAST & CO., 



Horse Powers, 
Windmills, Tanks 

and all kinds of Pump- 
ine Machinery built to 
order. Windmilla from 
$65. Horse Powers from 
$50. Send tor Catalogue 
and Price List. 

F. W. KROGH & 
CO., 61 Brale St. 
Ban Francisco. 

Mglitning 'Wcll-Sinliing Machinery. 

Makers of Hydraulic, JrftinET. Revolv- 
iiip". ArlrMuii Miiiiiip, iJianiond Tool'!, 
k t^ll^itV rrospci'liiig. Enii'ines. Boilen*. 
\Viiid Mills. Pumps, etc., SiiLD OK 
l.OOOEnKravings.Kartli Stratifica- 
tion, i>e(erniinatiiin cilMincr- 
_ .il-. and Quality of Water. 
XTli' '^''^ Lielit, fiiHlsGold. 

5!=«fe- liook 2r, ct s. 

*7vr^^?^ The Airif-rican 
J Well Works. 
35 ALKoliA. ILLS. 


for <ill purposes. 

Send SOcts. for mailing 

catalogues with 
VTulI particulars; 



and on hand. Also Traction Engines, heavy and light, 
suitable for plowing. Well drilling a speci ,lty. 
Ad 'ress, with stamp, D. J. LiYNCH, 

KelseyvlUe. L/nke Co., Cal. 

Laboratory, 2424 Mlsalon Street. 



The Great Remedy for Man and Beast. 

No family should be without it. Once U5ed it will 
supersede all others. Try it and be convinced. 


31 7 Bartlett St., San Francisco. 




Gatlbaldi BuUdlnsr, 
p. O. Box No. 7. 


Now that the interest in the culture of the orange is 
extending so as to embrace nearly all parts of the State, 
a book giving the results of experience in parts of the 
State where the growth of tlie fruit has been longest pur- 
sued will be found of wide usefulness. 

"Orange Culture in California" was written by ThoB. 
A. Garey of Los Angeles, after many years of practical 
experience anil observation in the growth of the fruit. 
It is a well-printed hand book of 196 pages, and treats of 
nursery practice, planting of orange orchards, cultiva- 
tion and irrigation, pruning, estimates of cost of planta- 
tions, best varieties, etc. 

The book is sent post-paid at the reduced price of 75 
cents per copy, in cloth binding. Address Dbwet & Co., 
Publishers " Pacific Rural Press," 220 Market St., S. F. 



[Jolt 6, 1889 


California IVIilitary Academy 

NEXT TEKM BEGINS - - JULY 23, 1889. 

Thorough instructioD in alt Derartmerita. Business 
Course complete. Location unsurpasHed. Send tor 
CircaUr. COL. W. H. O'BKIEN, Principal. 

Snell Seminary, 

No. 66S Twelfth Street, 
Near Broadway, OAKLAND. 

A Boarding and Day School for 


Fall Term begins Monday, August 5, 1889, 

Send (or Catalogue to 

MARY E. SNELL lp,i„„i„.i„ 

RICHAKD B. SNELL } Principals. 

The Santa Rosa Boys' School, 



Desiring thorough preparation for College, University or 
Business. Location healthful, grounds ample, rooms 
large, well lighted, warmed and ventilated. Influences, 
moral and social, of the very hest. Number of pupils 

Sammor Term will begin August S, 1889. 

Address the principal, 
Rkv. SEWAKD M. D0D0E,B. a., Santa Rosa, C»l. 


University Avenue, Berkeley, Cal. 


References to parents of pupi's who have entered the 
University from this school. Send for circular. 

T. S. BOWENS, B. A., 



1584 MisBlon Street, San Franciaco. 

Prepares Boys and Toong Men 


College, nnlverslty and Business. 
Chrigtmas Term opens Wednesday, Aug. lat. 

REV. E. B. SPALDING, Rector. 



Prepares Students for College or for. Business, under 
resident Masters of proved ability. The next school year 
will begin July IG, 1>8!). tSff" Adflrees for Catalogue, 

D. P. SACKETT, Principal, 
No. 629 Hobart St., - • • Oakland, Cal. 



24 POST ST., 8. P. 

F College Instructs in Shorthand, Tjtdo Writing, Book- 
keeping, Telegraphy, Penmanship, Drawing, all the En- 
glish branches, and everything pertaining to business, 
for six full months. We have sixteen teachers, and give 
individual instruction to all our pupils. Our school has 
its graduates In every part of the State. 


E. p. HEALD, President. 

C. 8. HALET, Secretary. 



No Taoations. Day and Evsnino Srssioks. 

Ladies admitted into all Departments. 
Address: T. A. ROBINSON, M. A.. President. 


A practical treatise by T. A. Oarst 
giving the results of long experi- 
ence in Southern California. IM 
Timr l^^'> bound. Sent post-paid 
I III IIIKI' '^^ reduced price of 76 cts. per copy 
UUL.I Ulli> by DEWKT k CO. , PoblUherM. F. 





Best and Strongest Explosives In the Worlil. 

As other makers IMITATE our Giant Powder, so do they Jadson, by Manu&ctoring 
a second-grade, inferior to Jndson, 

BANDMANN, NIELSEN & CO, General Agents, San Francisco. 

The Only Reliable and Efficient Powder 

For Stump and Bank Blasting. From 5 to 20 
ponnda blows any Stump, Tree or Root clear 
out of ground at less cost than grabbing. 
Railroaders and Farmers use no other. 


The best Mineral Springs on the Pacific Coast. Cures all cases of Kidney Complaint, Malaria, Dyspepsia and 
Nervous Troubles. St. Vitus Dance cured in from two to three weeks. All Skin Diseases cured in a short time. 
There is hardly a village on the coast but can show some one who has been benefited here after all other means 
have failed. 

THE CLIMATE IS PERFECT FOR A HEALTH RESORT, and the surroundings are such that all can find 
amusement. Trout Streams and Game nr-ar the Hotel. Rink, Bowling Alley, Croquet Orounds, and good Uusic 
for Dancing (or those who come for pleasure. 


With large shady verandas and other comforts. 

We are determined that this place shall be second to none, and we can provide accommodations to suit all, 
from the best to the cheapest. Cottages for Housekeeping furnished with the following articles only, viz.: Stove 
and utensils. Table, Chairs and Bedsteads. 

ROUTES— They can be reached via Uopland. S. F. & N. P. C. R. W., from San Francisco, Fare 88.00. arriving 
next day at noon, or S. P. K. R. via Sites, Fare $9 00, through same day, arriving at 10:30 p. M. 


N. B. — Ship articles, such as beddin?, etc.. by frei^ht,ecveral days ahead. addressed to yourself, Bartlett Springs, 
via Williams. Store, Expres.s, Post and Telegraph Offices, Stable, Meat Market and Barber Shop on the grounds. 

L. E. McMAHAN & SONS, Props. 

G. W. YOUNT, Manager. 


Unequaled for any Claes of Work. 



These Whittletrees are something entirely new in construction, the body being Steel Pipe, 
tapering neatly toward the ends; the trimmings are Malleable Iron shrunk firmly to their 
place and never become loose in any climate. 


No. 35 Beale Street, San Francisco, Oal. 

c*5 OO., 

Importers and Dealers in 


Horse and Mule Shoes, Putnam, Globe and Northwestern Horseshoe Nails, HARDWOOD LUMBER AND WAGON 
MATERIALS, Blacksmith and Carriage Makers' Supplies. 


Specially manufactured for use in Artesian Wells, and for conveying wa'er charged with Ssl'.s and Minerals, Acids, 
Gases or other substances of a corrosive nature. In bull ling it takes the phce of either bhck or galvanized piping 
for gas, water-waste, etc. Catalogues and testimonials, from large users in the United Slates, sent on application. 



The sounding C on one of Ditson Company's famous 
in unison with the restful pleasure of summer days in 
summer pleasant places. Don't go to a nnisic-less house; 
Take u itb you one of our light, portable, musical instru- 
ments ! 

Sea8on:ible and most enjoyable music books are: 
COLLEGK SONGS (50 cts.,) 150,000 sold. 
COI-I.EGK SONGS, for Banjo, Guitar, ($1.) 
PRAISE IN SONG, (40 cts.) New Gospel Songs. 
SONG HARMONY, (60 cts.) Fine 4-part songs. 

SONG CLASSICS, («I.OO) 60 high class songs. 
SONG CLASSICS, ALTO VOICE, (»1.) 47 eongs. 
CLASSIC TENOR SONGS, ($1 00) 36 songs. 
33 Hongs. 

CHOICE VOCAL nUETS, (81.00) The newest. 
CLASSICAL PIANIST. (n.OO) 42 pieces. 
PIANO CLASSICS. («1. 00) 44 pieces. 

Also music in quantity and variety for all instruments. 
Send for catalogues, free. 

A ny Il'iiik or Piece tf ailed for Retail Price. 


837 Broadway, New York. 

Should consult 


California Inventors 

and Caveats. Establisned in 1860. Their long experience as 
journalists and large practice as Patent attorneys enables 
tbem to otTer Pacific Cfoast Inventors far hotter service 'ban 
they can obtain eUewhere. Bend for free circulars of infor- 
mation. Office of the MiNiNu and SciENTirio PRESsaa 1 
PAOirio RURJUL Press, Mo. 220 Marke St., Sao Franciaco 
Elerator, 11 Frost St 

[Establiehed in 1877]. 

V. D. KNrpi', 
Real Estate, Insurance & 
tiOan Department 

D. O. Akdirson, 
Abstract De|iartment and 
Notary Public. 


Searchers of Records. 

Real Estate, Loan & Insurance Agts. 






Before Buying a SewlnK Machine. 
It Is the leader in practical progress. Send for price list 
J. W. EVANS, 29 Post St., S. P. 




SeviDg MaGhiDes. 

Simple in Construction. Light Run- 
ning, Most Durable and Complete. 
^'i8itors always welcome. 


108 & 110 POST^ST., S. F. 

^iipijner (to. 

Anderson Springs, 

Lake County, Cal. 
Hot Sulphur and Iron Baths and 
Natural Steam Baths 

For the Cure of 

Rheumatism, St. Vitus Dance, Dropsy, 
Catarrh, Etc. 


Will be completed early In June. 

Pure hot and cold water and hot and steam sulpbor 
baths are free to all guests. 

Board, $10 to $14 per week. 

ROUTE FROM S. F.— Take morning train to Calistoga, 
Napa county, Cal. Take stage to Middletowo, fare 2; 
and private team to Anderson Springs, fare il. Fare to 
Anderson s from San Francisco, $5 30. Express and P. O. 
address, Middktown, Lake County, Cal. Write or 
further information. 

J. ANDERSON, Proprietor. 

COOK'S SPRINGS, Colusa Co., Cal. 

17 Miles West of Sites. 

Take Smitbville Stages Tuesdays, Tharsdays and Satur- 


Board at Hotel $10 per week. Comfortable Cabins, 
eood CamplnGT facUities, Waters celeb atcd for cures of 
Khc-nmutUoi, niabcten. PhthUis, HemorrhnKe, 0*11 
Stonefl of the Liver, Kkin diseases, B ight's diseane and 
Drop y or Rheumatism of the Heart or Scomaih. 
It prevents wante uf ti-48ues. Springs are in chari^e of a 
recuiar ph\sician of long 8t:b'jdinGr who wm cured nf a 
i>tubbotn dmease by ihe waters and who now eolic'ts 
the hardest chronic ca-es. For analysis > f water, refer- 
ences to patients cured and full parti^uIarH, ad iress 

Dr. J. P. WELCH, Proprietor. 



To he reached via Sites or Callstnga by daily stages 
connecting With trains. Good Ho'el. Pleasant ( ottagee. 
Five good Mineral Springs The coolest and quietes.t fpot 
in the county. Camping fac lilies P. lite attention. 
Reasonable prices. 01<l pat'ous keep coming every year. 

D. J. STEVENS, Proprietor. 




Dealer in Special 

AdyaDce EDgines and 

The Best Thresher and 
Engine in the 

The Straw-Bum- 

IDK EoKlne 
Is the Latest and Best 

Shipman and Acme Coal Oil Engines, 

No Dirt, no Engineer Refi'iired. 

Laundry Machinery, 

Krieliel EDgines 

— AND — 

Steam Generators, 

Of all Kinds. 

Challenge Axle 

Farm, Church and 
School Bells. 


Fire Engines and ^ 
Extingnishers, ^ 

farm Drill, Only $8.00. 

J I E cktmith Drills and Forges. 




Sa Hitt Water Pijtes to Heat your Houne. 



Made ot steel, lipchtor, stronjfer. cheaper, morn 
power, everln.itiii'r and odmrKJtition distaric<..l. 
iorproof order on trinl, to keep the bostii- d 
"V "ther aloagsido If you cnn. SnersibU 
Fua C irclt -mmmiaam— ISelt Pressa, aU sizes. 

AddrffU for I 

cIreoUr. mi location or>J|^^y Waitem anfl Sootbrm 
ftor.hoiu.. .nd ArchU P. K. DEDE R I CK 4 Ca 

ISO. 4 Dederick'8 ^orkg. aldany, n.y. 

July 6, 1889.] 


The Homing Antwerp Pigeon. 

[Written for the Rural Press by A. P. Tiieubsld.] 
The fancier and the collector have probably 
been always with up, and have probibly for all 
time been regarded by the outsider as two of 
the ineTitable nuiaances of this troublesome 
world. To be bothered for his autograph is 
part of the daily penance which the famous or 
notorious man pays for histsuccess or celebrity. 
Men oollect old books because they are rare and 
very likely illegible copies, because they are 
difficult to obtiin for any reasons except for 
their contents, or because they want to read 
them. An exhibition of relics of the Stuarta 
was recently held in London, and it was found 
that the blood-stained locks of Mary, Qaeen of 
Scots, and kerchiefs, musty with the blood of 
Charles I, had possessed such attractions for 
morbid minds that they had been preserved for 
over two centuries. Mar wood, the Eaglish 
hangman, has a unique and interesting collec- 
tion of foot-long pieces of rope each of which 
as a length of a rope has been used to bang a 
well known criminal. In fact, of collectors and 
colli-ctions there is no end. 

And yet if a man once gets a craze for collect- 
ing or fancying anything, he is doomed. He 
has taken to himself trouble in addition to that 
to which he was born as the sparks fly upward; 
his collection will dominate his thoughts and 
conversation until he runs the risk of becoming 
the prince of bores; he will turn a sunny dispo 
sition into an envious and uncharitable nature 
which covets his neighbor's possessions, though 
he decries them with his tongue; he will lay 
himself open to fits of the deepest despondency 
and despair, with occasional interludes of fever 
ish excitement and axultation at the acquisition 
of a new treasure. Examiuing from a dispas 
sionate outside standpoint the state of mind of 
the fancier and collector, one is brought to the 
conclusion that his sole standard of value is the 
rarity and consequent difficulty in obtaining 
the object sought after. Considerations ot 
beauty and fituess are as naught. To find him 
self the possessor of a unique article is the sum 
mit of earthly bliss, and the abyss of despair 
yawns for him when a duplicate of bis une- 
qualed treasure is thrust upon his notice. 

The pigeon fancier is no exception to this 
general law. Almost all his staudards of per- 
fection have been arrived at by evolving from 
his inner consciousness an ideal bird, carefully 
constructed from a consideration of the most 
difficult points be can set himself to obtain. 
His is a heroic nature, which is stimulated by 
obstacles. He is hardly concerned about grace 
and beauty except indirectly; in fact, he will 
admit in a candid, unguarded moment that the 
fanoy pigeon is more or less of a monstrosity, 
which requires an acquired tiste for due appre- 
ciation. But there is one class of pigeons which 
is bred with none of these objects, and in mating 
for which such minor considerations as place, 
speed and intelligence alone count — the homing 
pigeon. The fancier in this particular instance 
forgets himself and throws his usual require- 
ments to the winds, and, as a consequence, the 
homer, with its capacious skull, hold, promi- 
nent "fish" eye, powerful wings and hardy, 
muscular appearance, appeals alike to those who 
stand within and without the pale of the con- 

The Homer has to pay the usual penalty of 
useful as opposed to merely ornamental creat- 
ures, and by no means lives a life of luxury. 
The primrose path of dalliance is not for him. 
He is submitted to a course of rigorous training 
that would appal a professional pugilist. The 
sight has to be made keen, the memory trained, 
and the muscles hardened. So the Homer has 
from early infancy to submit to the most severe 
regimen of hard work and self-denial. The or- 
namental pigeon may bask in the sun and take 
his ease outside the cote, but the Homer is not 
encouraged to loaf. Loafing would mean loss 
of time in returning to his quarters and this 
would spoil a record. The young Homer is 
therefore only let out for short flies just before 
he is fed, and, as he is invariably fea on his re- 
turn, keen appetite does not dispose him to 
loiter on the outside. 

At the age of about 12 weeks the training 
proper begins. The young birds are taken to a 
spot about 500 yards distant from the loft and 
there released. The next day they are taken 
to a like distance in another direction, and this 
course is continued until the birds are able to 
find their way from any point of a circle of 500 
yards radius from the loft as a center. The 
distance is then doubled and the same methods 
repeated. The eye and memory of the birds 
are thus trained to note and remember all the 
salient points of the immediate vicinity of the 
loft. The distance is then increased to a mile. 
Stages of 2, 4, 8, 12, and 20 miles are next 
tried. By jumps of 10 miles a fly of 50 miles is at 
last tried. By increases of 20 miles the birds 
soon attain the power of making a journey of 
100 miles. Older birds can be trained up a dis 
tance of 500 miles and more. The longest au- 
thentic fly is that made by two Homers, " AU' 
bama " and " Montgomery." These birds flew 
from Montgomery, Ala., to Fall River, Mass., 
— 1040 miles — the former in 20 days, the latter 
in .37. This seems slow but it is a habit of the 
bird to fly as fast and far as it can the first day 
and afterward to take its time, A bird will 
come in from a 300 fly made in under 10 hours 
dead beat but they return from dUtanoeB which 

they are unable to cover in a day quite fresh 
and lively. One of the best one day's time was 
made by a bird of -Goldman's, 508 miles in 14 
hours and a few minutes. 

As to the pace, birds have traveled 300 miles 
at speeds varying from 1100 to 1772 yards per 
minute (1772 is, I believe, the extreme recorded 
average), and considering that the average 
speed is always calculated on the basis of the 
air-line distance, and that the birds probably do 
not come straight and waste some time in pre- 
liminary circling, they must travel at a rate 
which would make an express-train hustle. 

The best results have till recently been ob- 
tained iu B3tgium, the birthplace and home of 
the sport. The King and his brother subsidiza 
the various societies by giving valuable prizes 
to successful birds, and the railroads carry the 
pigeons at reduced rates. The following fig- 
ures will give some idea of the widespread char- 
acter of the sport in Belgium. In 1874, 1340 
races were held in which about 244,160 piseons 
competed and 30,520 prizes, valued at 732,480 
franca, were awarded. On Siturday, May 8, 
1886, 38 cars loaded with pigeons left Brussels, 
and on the same day 114 cars passed through 
Ejquelines loaded with pigeons shipped from 
Oharleroi, Liege, Verviers and neighborhood. 
Pigeon-flying as a fine art has only lately made 
its way into America, but we can claim our 
fair share of successful birds and good records. 
Germantown, Pa., is the present center of the 
sport and the headquarters of the American 
Federation of Homing Pigeon Fanciers. The 
federation issue to breeders bands, each of 
which is stamped with a registered number. 
These bands are fixed round the birds leg, and 
no fly is taken into consideration for a record 
unless the bird has a registered band. 

The local Homing Pigeon Club is a young or- 
ganization. Still, in spite of its youth and of 
the prevailing fogs which render flying fre- 
quently difficult and costly (for not a few birds 
are thus lost) they have done some work of 
which they are justly proud. A youngster only 
2 months and 18 days old, belonging to Mr. 
Marsh of this city, flew from San Jose to San 
Francisco in 1 hour 42 minutes — the record of 
the United States at its age. 

Before the telegraph came into general use, 
the Homing pigeon was a far more useful bird 
than he is to-day. In fact, the culture of Hom- 
ing pigeons received its great impetus in Bel- 
gium on account of fioancial considerations. 
Spanish bonds were fluctuating and the Brus- 
sels' market correspondingly lively. The keen 
operators were anxious to obtain the latest quo- 
tations from London and Paris, so the pigeons 
were in great numbers pressed into service. 
The bird is only now turned to when the ordi- 
nary means of communication are out of the 
question or suspended. The Daily Evening 
Pott used some pigeons of Mr. H. H. Carltou 
of this city to obtain news during last Septem- 
ber's race between the schooners C. H. White 
and America. Beleagured Paris found the 
pigeon of service and the lesson has not been 
thrown away on the various war offices. All 
the nations, except Great Britain, have estab- 
lished governmental Homing lofts. Uncle Sam 
has gone into the fancier business and opened a 
cote in Key West barracks. Uncle Sam, too, 
doesn't intend to do the work by halves, as a 
letter from Chief Signal Officer Greeley to Mr. 
T. Brooks of^ Germantown shows. Fifty-six 
birds, Mr. Greeley says, were donated by vari 
ous associations and the cote is to be conducted 
on the most approved scientific and red-tape 
basis. Careful records of pedigree are to be 
kept and notes made as to the effects of color 
or any other peculiarities on speed, intelligence 
and persistence. The birds are to be trained to 
fly from special directions and appropriately 
marked on the wing. For instance those 
stamped N are trained to fly from any point in 
the quadrant from N. E. to N. W. Special 
deference is to be paid to the birds' love of 
home, and no bird is to be deprived of its perch 
and nest except for the most urgent reasons. 

There has been no little learned discussion as 
to the reasons for the homing faculty, opinions 
differing as to whether it is due to instinct or 
to keen power of sight. The received opinion 
is that the bird is only actuated by instinct so 
far as it is prompted to make its way home in 
despite of any amount of difficulty. So strong 
is this instinct that it is never safe to let out 
birds which have been bred in another loft, 
however long they may have been in their preS' 
ent quarters. For the rest, it is concluded that 
the bird finds its way from its retentive memory 
of distinctive landmarks and its remarkable 
powers of sight — qualities displayed to such an 
exceptional degree that the Homer challenges 
no little admiration for its strength, intelligence 
and pluck, 

Care and Treatment of Wines. — All in 
terested in the manufacture and af cer-treatment 
of wines should apply to the State Viticultural 
Commission (216 Montgomery St., S. F.)fora 
copy of Appendix V to the Report of 1888, 
which is a special publication by the recent 
chief officer, Mr. J. H. Wheeler, on all 
matters relating to the treatment of grape 
juice in the process of vinification. The pam 
phlet ooneists chiefly in translations from the 
French selected by Mr. Wheeler because of 
their bearing upon wine-makers' problems in 
this State. As the subject is of interest only 
to such, and as all can get a copy by sending 
four cents in stamps, we do not attempt any re 
production of the matter. Let all wine-making 
readers of the Rural send for the pamphlet 
and advise others who may be benefited by it 
to do the same. 

Fowls and Dogs at Los Angeles. 

Southern California's combined show of doga 
and poultry, duly announced in our columns a 
month ago, came off at Los Angeles last week, 
with a measure of success that must have been 
very gratifying to its promoters and man- 
agers. The local press speaks highly of the 
excellent way in which the dogs were arranged 
for inspection by the judge and the general 
public, and praises the display of high-bred 
fowls as far superior to anything of the kind 
ever before seen in that part of the country. 

The entries of fowls included Brahmas, 
Cochins — Buff and Partridge ; Lingshans — 
White and B!a-.k; Plymouth Rock— White 
and Birred; Wyandottes — Golden, Silver 
and White; Black Spanish; Leghorn — White, 
Brown and Black; Polish — Golden and White- 
Crested Black; Hamburg — Silver Spangled, 
Black and Rsd Caps; Houdans; Games and 
Bantams in great variety. Then, too, there 
were Bronze turkeys, Toulouse geese, Pekin and 
White Muscovy ducks and Guinea fowl, Hom- 
ing and Fancy pigeons, a pair of Ostrich chicks 
from Cawston's Norwalk farm. 

The canine exhibits embraced Mastiffs, En- 
glish and German, Great Danes, St. Bernards, 
Newfoundlands, bloodhounds, greyhounds, fox- 
hounds, pointers and setters in large number, 
water and corker spaniels, fox and other ter- 
riers, with a sprinkling of retrievers, collies and 
coach dogs, and even a coyote. 

Then there were a few quadruped pets not 
canine — white rats, ferrets and Angora rab- 
bits — so that the creatures, feathered and four- 
legged, in Hazard's pavilion, together numbered 
upward of 1500. 

The disolay of incubators comprised Star, 90 
per cent, Petaluma and Prairie State of various 

Visitors were not so numerous, the opening 
day, as had been looked for; but Wednesday, 
the Mirror testifies, the hall " was crowded all 
day with people in all stations of life, anxious 
to get a glimpse of some of the finest dogs and 
chickens ever brought together. * * They 
came many miles, and the way some of them 
discussed the various breeds of chickens would 
have put the oldest chicken-grower in the land 
to shame." 

Altogether this initial venture of the L. A. 
Poultry Association and the So. Cal. Kennel 
Club appears to have given great satisfaction 
and grounds for congratulation. We hope to 
publish awards in a future issue. 

List of U.S. Patents for Pacific Coab. 

Reported by Dewey & Co., Pioneer Patent 
Solicitors for Pacific States. 

From the official report of U. S. Patents Id Dbwit & 
Co.'B Patent Office Library, 220 Market St., S. F. 


4°5'337- — Amalgamator — Jos. Behm, West 
Point, Cal. 

405,393. — Machine for Affixing Postage 
Stamps— L. J. Borie, S. F. 

405,532.— Advertising— J. A. Christy, Los An- 
geles, Cal. 

405,537.— Staple-Driver — E. M. Dean, Alta, 

405 253. — Vegetable Cooker — F. W, & E. 
Gaines, Colfix, W. V. 

405,358. — Support for Beams or Girders — 
P. H. Jackson, S. F. 

405,512.— Sash Holder— R. P. Waddell, Ala- 
med'i, Cal. 

405 513. — Safety Railway Switch — J. H. 
Wait, I unction City, Ogn. 

405,642. — Surgical Instrument — I. N. 
Woodle, Albany, O^n. 

NoTB.— Copies of U. S. and Foreign Patents furnished 
by Dkwby & Co., In the shortest time possible (by mail 
or telegraphic order). American and Foreign patents 
obtained, and eeneral patent business for Paciflo Coast 
inventors transacted with perfect security, at reasonable 
rates and in tbe shortest Dossihle time. 

Creamist. — The Kansas Dairy Association 
has adopted the title " creamist " for the con- 
ductor of a creamery. 

University Vacation. — The University baa 
closed for the long vacation. The commence- 
ment exercises, as conducted by President 
Davis, were notably satisfactory and encourag- 
ing to the friends of the institution, which is 
now in a very thriving condition. Prof. Hil- 
gard has retired to his farm for a brief season 
of rest, of which be stands in pressing need 
after the unusually great application which the 
new station work has demanded in addition to 
his usual duties. His time will not, however, 
be given to idling, as he has a vast amount of 
writing to do in preparation of forthcoming re- 
ports. His assistants who will remain at Ber- 
keley will answer calls for information as well 
as possible, and matters of pressing public im- 
portance may be communicated to the depart- 
ment as usual, and will receive immediate at- 
tention, but general questions and investiga- 
tions should not be submitted until the reopen- 
ing of the University in September. Labora- 
tory investigation of agricultural materials of 
private interest which may be wanted at once 
will be undertaken during the vacation by a 
competent assistant at moderate compensation. 
The experimental grounds at Berkeley are, of 
course, always open to interested visitors and 
those in immediate charge of the work will be 
found ready to explain matters now in progress. 



Ummi Bittifis, Carts mii 

201 - 203 MARKET ST., San Francisco, Cal , U. S. A. 

E. E. AMES, Manager. 

Send for Catalogues. 



[Jdly 6, 1889 

breeder;' birectory. 

lines or less io this Directory at 60c per line per month. 


PBTBB SAXB & SON, Lick House, San Francisco, 
Cal Importers and Breeders, lor post Iti years, of 
every variety oJ Cattle, Horses, Sheep and Hogs. 

OBO. BBAIBNT & SON, Maple Grove Farm, Oak- 
land P. O., breeders of Ayrshire Cattle & Essex Swine. 

F. H. BURKE, 401 Montgomery St, S.F.: Registered 
HolsteiDs; winners of more first prizes, sweepstakes 
and special premiums thin year than any herd on the 
Coast. Pure Berkshire Pitts. Catalogues. 

PBRCHBRON HORSES— Refer to large adver- 
tisement. Address. Capt. W B. Collier, Lakeport, Cal 

WILLIAM NILBS, Los Angeles, Cal. Thorough- 
bred Registered Holstein and Jersey Cattle. Write me. 

P. PETERSEN, Sites, Colusa Co., importer & breeder 
of registered Shorthorn Cattle. Young bulls for sale 

JOHN DETER, Colusa, Cal. Almont saddle and driv- 
ing horses for sale. Single footers. Two flue Stallions. 

W. 8. JACOBS, Sacramento, Cal., breeder of Thor- 
oughbred Shorthorns .ind Berkshire Hogs. 

H. P. MOHR, Mt. Eden, Alameda Co., Cal., breeder of 
Clydesdale Horses and Holstcin-Friesian Cattle 

BRADLEY RANCH, San Jose, Cal., breeder 
of recorded thoroughbred Shorthorn Cattle. A choice 
lot of young stock tor sale. 

H. S. SARGENT, Stockton, importer and breeder 
of registered Jersey Cattle. Correspondence solicited. 

HENRY HAMILTON, Grayson, Cal., breeder of 
Kentucky Jacks and Jennies, Draft Horses and Hol- 
stein Cattle. Jacks, Horses and Mules for sale. 

DBNMAN & McNEAR, Petaluma, importers and 
breeders of thoroughbred and graded Clydesdale horses. 

BL ROBLAB BANOHO, Los Alamos, Santa Barbara 
Co., Cal., Francis T. Underbill, proprietor, importer 
and breeder of thoroughbred Hereford Cattle. Infor- 
mation by mall. C F. Swan, manager. 

J. B. BOSB, Lakeville, Sonoma Co., Cal., breeder of 
Thoroughbred Devons, Roadsters and Draft Horses- 

P. H. MURPHY, (Brighton,) Perkins P. O., breeder 
of Recorded Short Horns and Poland China Hogs. 

HEILBRON BROS., Cruickshank strain of Short- 
horns s Herefords, WUdflower Farm, Fresno or Sac'to. 

Station, S. F. & N. P. R. R. P. O., Penn's Grove, 
Sonoma Co., Cal. Wilfred Page, Manager. Breeders 
of Short Horn Cattle, English Draft Horses, Spanish 
Merino Sheep and Berkshire Swine. 

JERSEY S— The Best Herd, all A. J. C. Registered, is 
owned by Henry Pierce, San Francisco. 

BETH COOK, breeder of Cleveland Bay Horses, De- 
von, Durham, Polled Aberdeen-Angus and Galloway 
Cattle. Young stock of above breeds on hand for 
Bale. Warranted to be pure bred, recorded and aver- 
age breeders. Address, Geo. A. Wiley, Cook Farm, 
Danville, Contra Costa Co., Cal. 

J. H. WHITE, Lakeville, Sonoma Co., Cal. , breeder 

of Registered Holstein Cattle. 

B. J. MBRKBLEY, Sacramento, breeder of Norman, 
Percheron Horses and thoroughbred Shorthorn Cattle. 

T. SEIILLMAN, Petaluma, importer and breeder of 
Suffolk, Percheron-Norman and French Coach Horses. 

M- D. HOPKINS, Petaluma, importer and dealer in 
Eastern registered Shorthorns, Red Polled Cattle, Hol- 
Bteins, Devons and Shropshire Sheep. 


A. C. RUSCHH^UPT. Brooklyn Hights, Los An- 
geles. IS breeds of pure-bred Poultry. Circular free. 

Cal.; send for illustrated and descriptive catalogue, free. 

B. Q. HEAD, Napa, Cal., breeder of the choicest va- 
rieties of Poultry. Each variety a specialty. Send for 
new Catalogue. 

T. D. MORRIS, Agua Caliente, Cal.; pure-bred fowls. 

W. C. DAMON, Napa, i2 each for choice Lt. Brahmas, 
Wyandottes, P. Rocks, White and Brown Legboma. 
Eggs, 92 per 13. Beet Seed for sale. 

QALT POULTRY YARDS, S W. Palin propr, 
Gait, Sac'to Co., Cal., im|)orter and breeder of thor- 
oughbre I Ply. Rocks, Lt. Brahmas, Langshaos, Wyan- 
dottes & P. Cochins; eg?8, single sitting $3; 3 sit'gs 97). 

O. J. ALBBEi, Lawrence, Cal. Pure bred poultry. 


A. W. WOOLSBY St SON, Fulton, Cal., importers 
fc breeders Siianiah Merino Sheep; ewes & rams for sale. 

B. H. CBANE, Petaluma, Cal., breeder and importer. 
South Down Sheep from Illinois and England for sale. 

Ferry, Cal., breeders of Merino Sheep. Ram? for sale. 

L. U. 8HIPPEE, Stockton, Cal., importer and breeder 
of Spanish Merino Sheep, Durham Cattle, Jacks and 
Jennys & Berkshire Swine high graded rams for sale 

J. B. HOYT, Biid's Landing, Cal., importer and 
breeder of Shropshire Sheep; also breeds cross-bred 
Merino and Shropshire Sheep. Rams for sale. 

ANDBEW SMITH, Redwood City, Cal.; see adv't. 


TYLBB BEACH, San Jose, Cal., breeder ol 

♦hnrnnehhred Berkshire and Essex Hnga 

WILLIAM NILBS, LosAngelee.Cal. Thoroaghbrcd 
Poland-China and Barkshlre Plirs. drcnlarsfree 

JOSEPH MELVIN, Davisville, Cal., Breeder of 
Poland-China Hogs 

AKDRWW RMITH. Redwood Oltv. CM.: mw adv't. 

APIABIAN 8UPPLIBS lor wle b; Un. J. D. 
'^oM, N«p* Olty, CaL 


That the public should know that for the past Eighteen Teare our Sole Baslness has been, and now Is 
importing (OTer 100 Carloads) and breeding improved Live Stock— Horses, Jacks, Short Horns, Ayrshires, 
and Jerseys (er Alderneys) and their grades; also, all the Tarletles ol breeding Sheep and Hogs. We" can sup- 
ply any and all good animals that may be wanted, and at Tery reasonable prices and on convenient 
terms. Write or call on us. PETER SAXE and HOMER P. SAXE. 

San Francisco, Cal., Oct 22, 1888. PETER SAXE A SON, Lick Honas, S. F. 






Toung Stock tor sale at reasonable prices. Every animal guaranteed, 
OKFICE-218 California St., San Francisco. REDWOOD CITY, CAL. 





tV YouDg Stock in each herd for sale. Address: 

GEO. A. WILEY, Danville, Contra Costa Co., Cal. 


Registered and Thoroughbred 

Poland-China Herd. 

My herd is headed with such sires at the head of the breeding establishment as the nn- 
equaled sire, The King and Perfection King, and Black Pride breeding sows, as fine individuals 
and as strictly bred aa any in the land. Breeders for sale at all times. I hare first-class Pigs 
of both sexes at reasonable prices. 

ta' Residence a.nd Breeding Farm, one and a half miles northeast of Davisville. 

JOSEPH MELVIN, Davisville, Cal. 


Registered Herd Book Stock of the Aaggie, Netherland, 
Neptune, Clifden, Artia and otbcr families. None better. 


Of .the Coomassie, Alpbea and other choice strains. 


FOUL,TKT— Nearly all varieties. 

Poultry and Stock Book, 80 cents by mail, postpaid. 
Twelve years experience on this coast. Address 

WM. NILBS. Lo8 Angeles, CaL 

Percheron Breeding Farm. 


For 15 youne animals bonght of Mr. B. Dunhim as 
fouudation stock, $19,C00 was paid at one time. 

Blood Of Brilliant Largely Represented. 

Sales show this to be the most popular strain of the 

Twos and threes from the Grand Prize winner, Csesar, 
who weighed 2040 as a two year old. 

Take S. F. & N. P. R. R. for Hopland, thence stage 16 
miles to Lakeport Address 


Lakeport, Lake County, Cal. 
Send for Catalogue. 



Member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, 
London, England. 
Grabi-atrd April 22, 187a 
Advice by Mail, %%. 


No. 11 Seyentli St., near Marlcet, San Francisco, Cal. 

Open Day and Night. Telephone, No. 3869. 



One Imported Cow, one two year-old Bull, one Tear- 
ling Heifer, one Bull (^If. Registered Stock and well- 
bred. Also pure-bred Poultry. 


Santa Rosa, Cal. 

01 Short Horn Cattle and Dairy Cows. 

Catalogues and Prices on applloatlon to 

Baden Station, • San Mateo Co., OaL 

Veterinary Surgeon. 

Graduate of Ontario Veterinary College, Toronto, Canada. 

331 Golden Gate Avenue, San l^ranclsco. 
Telephone 3uC'J. 
19'Open Day and Night. 
No risk in throwing Horses. Veterinary operating 
table on the premises. 

SEASON OP 1880. 



Three-year-old; record, '!:25. Sire of Strathway, 3- 
year-old; record, 2:26. hired by Strathmore 408, sire of 
Santa Claus, 2:17, Tucker, 2:19^, Skylight Pilot, 2:19, 
and 26 others with records better than 2:30, and the damd 
of 6 with records from 2:18 to 2:28. 

First dam Abbess (dam of Solo. 2:28) by Albion, sire 
ol Vanity Fair, 2:24, and of the dam of Kavorite, 2:26; 
he by Halcorn, a son of Virginian. Second dam by 
Marshal Ney; he by Imp. Emancipation. Third dam by 
Bretrand, a s )n of Sir Archy. 

Steinway full brother to Solo, 2:23, and Soprano (the 
dam of C. F. Clay, 6-year-old stallion, record, 2:18); also 
Eminence, 4-year-old, record, 2:21, and Stookbrige. 

TERMS, $100 for the season. 

CRESCO 4908. 
Full Brother to SPARTAN, 2:24. 

Sired br Strathmore 40S, sire of Santa Claus, 2:17; 
Tucker, 2:I9i; Skylight Pilot, 2:19, and 26 others with 
records better than 2:30, and of the dams of 6 with 
records from 2:18 to 2:28. 

First dam Alia, record 2:32 (the dam of Spartan, 2:24), 
by Almont, sire of Fanny Witherspoon, 2:16}; Piedmont, 
2:17, and of the dams of J. T. Thomiwoii, 2:17, and 
CatchHy, 2:18. Second dam (the dam of Henderson, 
2:27) by Brignoli, a son Mambrino Chief, the sire of 
Kuig Wilkes, 2:22, and Lady Turpin, 2:23. Third dam b* 
Cripple, a son of Mvdo: (thoroughbred). Fourth dam by 
American Eclipse; he by Duroc. 

Strathmore by Rysdyke's Bambletonlan, the sire of 
Dexter, 2:17, and of the dam of Trlnkett, 2:24, and 
>tainlioul, 2:14j, Almont by Alexander's Abdallah, sire 
by Uoldsmith Maid, 2:14. 

First dam by Mambrino Chief, sire of Lady Thoni, 2:1S, 
and sire of the dam of Director, 2:17. Second dam by 
Pilot Jr., sire of the dams of Maud S, 2:C8i, and Jay Eye 
See, 2:10. 

TERMS, $25 for the season. 


2-year-oId trial, 8:36. 

Sired by Steinway (1808), record 2:25, the sire of Strath- 
way, 3-year-old, rcc ird, 6th heat, 2:26, 

Firrt ilam Katie G (the dam of H. R Covey, 3 year-old 
trial, 2:27), by Electioneer, the cire of Mansineta, 2:16, 
and of Sunol, 2-jear-old record, 2:18, and cif eight others 
with records of 2:20 and be*^ter. Second dam Fanny 
Malone, record, 2:36, trial, 2:23, by Niagara (Hire of Cobb, 
2:31, double team record, 2:26), and of Lady Hoag, trial, 
2:18. Said to be by Mambrino Chief, th» sire of Lady 
Thome, and of the dam of Director, 2:17. Third dam 
Fanny Wickham, record 2:43, by Imp. Herald (thorough- 
bred). Fourth dam by Imp. Trustee (thoroughbred). 

CHARLES DEKBY will be limited to 10 approved 
mares. Terms, $100 for the season. 



Mo. 684 K. C. B. Stud Book. 
Vol. 1, American C. B. 8. B. 

Winner of Sweepstake? at Qolden Gate Fair, 1S88, and 
Sweepstakes open to all breeds and ages at California 
State Fair, 1888. 

Sireil by Luck's All (189). 

First dam by Sportsman (291). 

Second dam by Luck's All (188). 

Third dam by Cardinal (47). 

Fourth dam by Emulator (103). 

Baron Hilton is a grand, rich bay with black legs, ■ 
noble crest and carriage; is perfect in style and action 
and has proved himself a great breeder. 

TERMS, $26 for the seasun. 


No. 08, Vol. 1, A. C. B. 8. B. 
Foaled 1883. 

Winner Bret premium Illinois State Fair, 1885; first at 
Contra Costa Fair, 1886; first at Sonoma County Fair, 
and first at the Sonoma, Marin and Napa, and Solano 
District Fairs, and second at Golden Gate Fair in "all 
work" c asf, 1887, and first at Golden Gate and first at 
California St,t" Fair, 1888. 

Sired by Voung Candidate, winner first premium at 
Gt. Yorkshire, beating 20 others. 

First dam Whalebone (3651, first premium Gt York- 

Second dam by Luck's All (188). 
Third dam by Sumraercock (302). 

Royal Studley Is a very handsome, bright bay, 16| 
hands high, weight 1600 pounds, with superior style ana 

TERMS— $25 lor the season. 

NAPOLEON 754, E. C. B. S. B. 

Foaled 1880. Imported 1887. 

Sired by Luck's All 189; he by Luck's All 18S, by 
Cardinal 47; he by Emulator 103. 

First dam Daisy by Luck's All 188. 

Second dam by Providence 24^; he by Master George 
203. by King George 160; he by King George IV 163. 

Napoleon is a fine, rich bay with black legs and very 
superior act-on. He is very deep in the girth and has 
wonderful style. He took the premium at London, Eng- 
land, and also Silver Medal where he was shown against 
horses of all ages. He also look first premium at Mid- 
diecon in Tcesdale, and second premium at Bowes, Enz- 
land, in 1885; liret premium at Illinois State Fair and 
first at Fat Stock Show at Chicago, 1887. 

TERMS, $25 for the season. 

The Standard Bred and Cleve- 
land Bay Stallions 

Will serve Mares the present season, commencing Feb. 
1st and ending Sept, 1, 1869, at Cook Farm, Danville, 
Contra Costa County. All bills payable before the 
animal la removed. Mares not proving in foal will have 
the privilege of return the following season, providing 
the Bkme parties who bred the Mares still own them, 
and the Stallions are still owned by the Cook Stock Farm. 

PASTURAGE, $4 per month; Hay and Grain, $10. 
Best care taken , but no liability assumed for accidents 
or escapes. 

Mares aeni; to Fashion Stables, Oakland, 
Benne't's Htabiea, Martinez, or to Geary & 
Qrlndle's Stables, Haywards, will be for- 
warded to Ii'arm (Tree of Charge. 




July 6, 1889.] 




Baishd bv tub l^©t«,X"«.a3aLa. 


i Afford more profit than any other busi- 
ness for the capital invested. The 
most successful machines made; any 
one can manage them. A large illus- 
trated circular and ip^oiphlet, "Practi- 
cal Artificial R aring of Chicks," will 
be mailed frkk to aTiy one sendinj^ us 
hi-" name and address. Contains infor- 
mation valuable to any one who keeps 
fowls. [Mention this paper.] 



Oor. 17tb & Oastro Sts., Oakland, Oal. 

Manufactory of the PACI- 
BKOODER. Agency of 
the celebrated silver finish 
galvanized wire netting tor 
Rabbit and Poultry-proof 
fences, the Wilson Bone 
and Shell Mill, the Pacific 
Egg Food, and Poultry ap- 
I pliances in great variety. 
Also every variety of land 

and water Fowl, which 

have won first prizes wherever exhibited. Eggs for 
.natching. The Pacific Coast Poulterers' Hand-Book and 
Guide, price, 40c. Send 2c. stamp for 60-page illustrated 
circular to the PACIFIC INCUBATOR CO., 1317 Castro 
St., Oakland, Cal. 


Importer and Breeder of 
High Class 


Sllver-Laced Wyandottes. White Plymouth 
Roclcs, Lleht Brahmas, Partridge Cochins, 
Buff Cochins, Plymouth Rocks, White 
Cresi-ed BUcK Polish, China Langshars, 
Black LeKhorns, White LieKborns, Brown 
Lieghorns. Rose-Comb Amercan Doml- 
nlques. Thoroughbred Berkshire Pigs. 

Large lot of young birds ready for sale. Send for 


^ The Halsted Incubator Co. 

1312 Myrtle St., Oakland, Cal. 
Thoroughbred Poultry and EggB. 

\j Send Stamp for Circular. 


GEO. E. DUDEN, Proprietor, 

Importer and breeder of Thoroughbred Poultry, B miles 
southeast of Sacramento, near Lake House, on the ui>per 
Stockton road. P. 0. address. Box 376, Sacramento,"Cal. 


Italian Queens, $2.50 each; Black (Jueens, $1 each; 
Swarms front S2 6(1 GAch; Smoker, $1. Comb Foun'la- 
tion, 81 26 per pound; V-groove Sections. $4 per 1000 
Comb Honey who esale and retail; Hives, etc. W. 
STYAN & SON, The Homestead Apiary, San Mateo. Cal. 



By order of Probate Court, in the matter of the Estate of 

I will sell at private sale to thi? highest bidder, for cash, 
on or after May 1, ]8«9, at the Ranch in irvingtou, or at 
my office in Oakland, 946 Broadway, Alameda Co., Cal , 
the entire flock of Thoroughbred French Merino Sheep, 
coneisting of 280 (Two hundred and eighty) Ewes, 79 
(seventy-nine) Bucks, and 180 (one liuiidred' and eighty) 
Lamb<. These sheep are the get of the original flock 
Imported by Robert Blacow of Centerville. Mr. Roberts, 
as foreman, having charge of the Hock for several years 
prior to Mr. Blacow's death, after which he beanie 
the owner of the entire Hock, which he has kept purely 
for stock purposes. 

All interested in ThorougHbred Sheep should he famil- 
iar with this fl ck. which has become famous under the 
c»re and management of Mr. Roberts; alwavs receiving 
first premiums, haung been sold to Europe, South Amer- 
ica and all parts of the United States; individual mem- 
bers having repeatedly sold for from S500 (five hundred) 
to $1,500 (fifteen hundred) each. Sheep Men should seize 
this opportunity to secure some, as thev must be sold 
to settle up tha Estate. Address, JAMBtJ STAN- 
LEY, Administrator Estate J. Roberts, De 
ceased. Mission San Jose, or 996 Broad- 
way, Hoom 17, Oak and. Oal. 



Have taken the First 
Premmms at the State Fair 
for the last three years, 








It prevents disease, regulates the bowels and urine, 
strengthens the kidneys, prevents scouring, colic and 
leg swelling, loosens the hide, promoter the appetite, 
cures cough, destroys worms, and produces a fine glossy 
coat. 37.50 per 100 pounds. Manhattan Egg Food, in 
bulk, 12 cents per pound. Ask vour dealer, or send to 
PAUL KBVSBR, Agent, 206 Olay Ht , S. F. 

This paper is printed with Ink Manufac- 
tured by Oharles Eneu Johnson St Oo., 600 
South lOtb St., Philadelphia. Branch OfiB- 
ces— 47 Rose St , New Tork, and 40 La Salle 
St, Chicago. Agent for.'the Pacific Coast- 
Joseph H Dorety, 626 Oommerclal St., S. F. 



(Formerly Sec'y & Land Officer of Immigration Ass'n. 

C. H. STREET & CO.. 





Send 10 cents for C. H Street & Co.'s map and description of California and colony lands (74 pages). Land for 
sale in large or small tracts on the coast or in the interior; valley, hill, mountain, open, timber, mineral, or non- 
mineral land, improved or unimproved; with or without irrigation; suitable for stock, dairy, grain, fruit, or gen- 
eral farming; for investment or actual settlement; for cash or on installment; will show Government land. C. H. 
Street & Co., 416 Montgomery St. 




Warehouse and Wharf at Port Costa. 


Money advanced on Grain In Store at lowest possible rates of Interest. 
Full Cargoes of Wheat furnished Shippers at short notice. 

ALSO ORDERS FOR GRAIN BAGS, Agricultural Implements, Wagons, Groceries 
and Merchandise of every description solicited. 

B. VAN EVERY, Manager. A. M. BELT, Assistant Manager 


On account of the death of F. A. Brioos, Manager of the Pacific Coast 
Branch of the Amesbury (Mass.) Carriage Factory, the whole stock of fine 
light Carriages, Buggies, Carts, Robes, Harness, Whips, etc., is offered for 
sale at lees than cost, to settle the estate. C. CREGO, Administrator. 




One and a half miles northeast of San Leandro, 
Alameda County, has every facility for Break- 
ing Colts properly. Rates very reasonable. 
Horses boarded at all times. 


p. O. Box 149, San Leandro, Gal 

Worth's Patent Combined Screw and 
Toggle Lever Wine, Cider and 
Olive Press. 

Using two baskets so 
that while one is under 
the press the other can 
be emptied and filled 
ready to move under 
the press as soon as tiie 
first basliet is pressed. 
First Premium awarded 
at all fairs wherever ex- 
hibited. Parties desir- 
ing a press combining 
Power, Speed and Ease 
to Handle, can see them 
at the wineries of the 
following Parties who 
have purchased and are 
using them at their 
wineries; Arpad Har- 
aszthv & Co , San Fran- 
cisco; Prof. Hilgard, University of California, Kerlieley; 
J. B. J. Portal, San Jose; I. Dd Turk, Santa Rosa; Paul 
O. Burns' Wine To., San Jos'?; Geo. West, Stocljton; 
Kate F. Warfield, Glen Ellen; Joseph Drummond, Glen 
Ellen; Lay Clark & Co., Santa Rosa; J & F. Muller, 
Windsor; R. C. Stiller, Gubserville; Vache Freres, Old 
San Bernardino; J. F. Crank, San Gabriel; Wm. Al'en, 
San Gabriel; Wm. Metzer, Santa Rost; J, Lawrence Wat- 
son, Glen Ellen; Walter Phillips, Santa Rn-a; Ely T. 
Sheppard, Glen Ellen; Wm., Pfeffer, Gubserville; Joseph 
Walker, Windsor; Raachito Fruit & Wine Co., Ranchito; 
Downey Fruit & Wine Co., Downey; Wm Palratag, Hol- 
lister; A. Buinham & Sons, Bennetts Valley; E. E. Meyer, 
Wrights; Hill & Marshall, Petaluma; C. Weller, Warm 
Springs; Seward Cole, Colegrove; Chas. J. Dunz, Healds- 
hurg; Glen Terry Wine Co., Cliyton; H. L. Gordon, San 
Jose; Mrs. A. C. Furniss, Calistoga; B. W. Hallenbeck, 
Santa Clara; Thos. Buckinghaai, Kelseyvllle; Buckner 
Bros & Reana, Santa Rosa: C. P. Howes, San Francisco; 
Cucamonea Vineyard Co., Cucamonga; J. C. Mazal, Pino; 
Dr. W. W. Hays, NordhofT; Wm. Maitlind, BoulJer 
Creek; Madam Kloss, Glenwood; D. M. Delmas, Mount- 
ain View; Wm. Bihler, Lakeviile; J. L Beard, Center- 
ville; M. Bollotti, Sonoma; John Hinkclman, Fulton; 
R. J. Northam, Anaheim; J. Auzerias, San Jose; G. C. P. 
Sears, Sonoma; J. D. Williams, Cupertino; James Fin- 
layson, Healdstiurg; P. & J. J. Gobbi, Healdsburg. 
Also Worth's Improved Grape Elevators, Improved 
continuous Pressure Hydraulic Presses, Worth's Patent 
Power Grape Stemmer and Crusher, Worth's Patent 
Horse-Power and all kinds of machinery for wine-makers- 
The Large Togule Lever and Screw Press is capable of a 
pressure of 26B tons or 300 pounds to the square inch, the 
small press has 36 tons or 240 pounds to the Equare inch. 
Petaluma Foundry & Machine Works, 

P. o. Box 2as. Petaluma, Sonoma Co.,.OaI. 

California Inventors HIS 

AND Foreign Patent Solicitors, for obtiLiuins Patents 
and Caveats. Established in 1860. Their long experience as 
jouraaliats and large practice aa Patent attorneys enablee 
them to otfer Pacitic Coast Inventors far better survice than 
they can obtain elsewhere. Send for free circularB of infor 
matloD. Office of the Mining and Soienti no FRSssand 
Faoitio Rural Press No. 330 Market St., Ban FranoUoo 
Elevator, 13 Front at. 

J. D. 

Stock and Sale Yard, 

Cor. Tenth & Howard Sts.. San Francisco. 

Commission Agent for the Sale of Horses and Cattle. 
Stock of all kinds boueht and sold. Telephone No. 3243. 

The Celebrated H. H. H Liniment. 

The H. H. H. Liniment is for the treatment of 
the Aches and Pains of Humanitv, as well as for the ail- 
ments of the beasts of the fields. Testimonials from 
importers and breeders of blooded stock prove its won- 
derful curative properties No man has ever used it for 
an ache or pain and been dissatisfied. 

H. H. MOORE & SONS, Stockton, Cal., Proprietors. 
For Sale bt all DRUoaisTS. 


319 & 321 Sansome St., San Francisco. 

One door from Bank of California. 

The above well-known hotel ofifers superior ac- 
commodatioDS to patties visiting the city. 
The table is kept at top grade and 
the prices are within the 
reach of all. 

RATES-$1.00, $1.25 and $1.50 per day. 

Free Coach to and from the Hotel. 
CHA8. & WM. MONTGOMERY, Prop'rs. 




Provisions, Butter, Cheese, Eggs, Honey, Etc, 


320 and 332 Battery St., Sr^n Francisco. 


Ranch of 200 acres on Coquille River, Coos County, 
Oregon; 40 acres bench land, 160 acres bottom, 80 acres 
under cultivation; li miles from Coquille City, one-half 
mile from steamer lauding. An abundance of fine 
spring water on place. Price, $4500 cash, or will ex- 
change for California propert'" In vicinity of Sao Fran- 
oldco Bay. For further particulars apply to 
669 Olav St., Sao Franolsoo, Cal. 

Coinini33iop Hei'cliajit3, 


SHI r»i»ii»a-o 


Commission Merchants. 

309 and 311 Sansome St,, San Francisco, 


Bull Dog brand Baas' Pale Ale and Guin- 
ness ffixtra Stout. 

Elephant brand Brglish Portland Cement. 

Puilmachos Powder and Cement, inde- 
structtble and Infallible. 

Rohe & Bro.'s New Yorls Lard. 

Kornafull India Tea, Calcutta. 

New Lambton Coals. Newcastle, N. S. W. 

Mexican Phosphate & sulphur Co., Super- 
phosphate Fertilizer. 









Commission Merclxants 



Green and Dried Fruits, 
Grain, Wool, Hides, Beans and Potatoes. 

Advances made on Consignments. 
308 & 310 Davis St., San Francisco 

[P. 0. Box 1936.] 
fS'ConslgDments Solicited. 




501, 503, 505, 507 and 509 Front Street 
and 300 Washington St., S. F. 

General Commission Mercliants. 


Poultry, Eggs, Game, Grain, Produce and 





39 Olay Street and 28 Commercial Street 
San Franoiboo, Cal, 




Generai Commission Mercliants, 

810 California St., S. F. 

Members of the San FraDcisco Produce Exchange 

itVPersonal attention ^Iven to Sales and Liberal Ad- 
ances made on Consignments at low rates of intereat. 

Eugene J. Gregory. [Established 1852.] Frank GRsaoiir. 


Commission Merchants, 



126 and 128 J St., - Sacramento, Cal. 

San FranciHCO Office, 313 Oavlg St. 



And Dealers in Fruit, Produce, Poultry, Game, Eggs, 
Hides, Pelts, Tallow, etc., 422 Front St., and 221, 22J, 
225 and 227 Washington St., San Francisco. 


Commission Merchants, 

Green and Dried Fruit, Produce, Eggs, Etc. 
Consignments solicited. 413, 415 & 417 Washington St., 
San Francisco. 

Fruit and General Commission Merchants 


408 & 410 Davla St.. San Francleco 


Commission Merchants. 

All Kinds of Oreen and Dried Fruits. 
04NSIOVWRKTK Rni.iorriin H<>>4 Dnvlfv Rt.. H. W 

We have some extra room 
suitable for storage pur- 
poses, which we will let on 
very reasonable terms. 
DBWBS CO., 220 Market street, Sao Franetsco, Oal, 



f ACIFie I^URAId f ress. 

[Jolt 6, 1889 

Market Review. 


San Francisco, July 2, 1889. 
General trade the past week in farm products has 
been confined chiefly to the products of the orchard 
and garden, owing to large operators in wheat do- 
ing all they can to depress values so as to buy at 
low prices. The wheat markets at the East and 
also abroad held strong up to yesterday, when an 
easier leeling prevailed. The loUowing is to-day's 

Liverpool, July 2. — Wheat — Quiet but steady; 
California off coast, 34s gd; iu5t shipped, 34s 6d; 
nearly due, 34s 6d; California spot lots, 6s 8}^d@ 
6i iij^d; French country markets, dull; cargoes off 
coast, quiet; cargoes on passage, quiet; wheat and 
flour on passage to United Kingdom, 1,672,000 qrs; 
wheat on passage to continent, 217,000 qrs. 

Foreign Grain Review. 
Stock of wheat and flour in Liverpool: 
July I. Wheat, qrs. Flour, bbls. 

1889 340,ooo@36o,coo 150,000(0; 160,000 

1888 525,ooo@55o,ooo 150,000® 160,000 

The stock on June i, 1881: Wheat, 460.000® 
480,000 qrs.; flour, 160,000(0; 170,000 bbls. 

Iilverpool Wbeat Market. 

The following are the closing prices paid for wheat 
options per ctl. for the past week: 

Julv. A lie;. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. 
Thursday.... Gsllid 6«1I4.I 6 lljd 6<'141 6^10d CslOJ.i 

Friday I'«1M eisliJJ 6slM e iojl 6sl0id C lujd 

Saturday Mlid 6Blliid (Ssllid 6.<Ilid exiled Bslld 

Monday 6sUii eslljd 6sUii 6ilHi 6»l\id 6»nd 


The following are the prices for California cargoes 
for off coast, nearly due and prompt shipments for 
the past week: 

O. C. P. S. N. T). Market 
Thursday .... 34s9d 34=(i l 34t6d Strong. 

Friday 35- Od 3486d 34-61 (quieter. 

Saturday aSsOd 3498d 34s6J Kirm. 

Monday 3o30d 3496d 34b6d steady. 


Eastern Qraln Markets. 

The following shows the closing prices of wheat 
in New York for the past week: 

Dav. July. Autt. Sept. Oct, Deo. 

Thursday 85} 848 85 

Friday Sei 85} 86J 

Saturday 86i ^5} 86^ 874 m 

Monday. Ssf SsJ 85i 86j b»i 

Tuesday ... 

The closing prices for wheat have been as follows, 
at Chicago lor the past week: 

Day. July. Aug. Sept. Dec. 

Thursoay 794 774 ''3 '^3 

Friday SUs 79 '»i i<ft 

Saturday 80J ... . . • 804 

Monday 60« ... ^"i 


Nrw York, July 2.— Wheat— 87^0 for cash, 
85KC lor July, 84J^c to Ss'Ac for August, 85(s85«c 
lor September, HH'/aC lor December. 

Eastern Wbeat Market. 
New York, July i.— J. C. Brown, statistician of 
the New York Produce Exchange, gives some care- 
fully prep.ired estimates of the supply and distribu- 
tion of wheat during the present cereal year, and 
concludes that the total reserve of old wheat on July 
ibt available for export will be about 2.000,000 
bushels, aside from the 50.000,00) bushels that are 
usually considered as a permanent and unavoidable 
reserve. In other words, the total reserve available 
on July ist promises to be about 52.000,000 bushels 
against 75,000,000 bushels one year ago. 

California Products at Chicago. 
Chicago, June 29 —California green fruits were 
in fair demand with quite a little shipping business, 
with prices ranging as below: Peaches, 20-lb. cases, 
$i.5o@2; Crawfords, $2.50(^3; apricots, 20-ft. cases, 
$i.75@2; peach plums, 20-Ih. cases, $i.50@2; Roy- 
al Hative, do, $i.2sQi!i.75; large black, do, *i.75@ 
3.50; Butlett pears, ^ bo.\, $3.7S@4- 

Nothing of importance is domg in oranges, the 
supply b^ing small. Quotations are as follows: 
Fancy mountain fruit, $3 25@4.So ^ box; Los An- 
geles Duarte, smutty, $3(^3.50. 

California dried fruits are quiet, for there is noth- 
ing of consequence left in stock excepting a few ap- 
ricots, and they are moderate sale at late prices. 
Values, which are for most part little belter than 
nominal, range as follows: 

Apricots — Evaporated, bleached, boxes, g@iic J? 
K). ; sun-dried, according to quality, 6@8c; sacks, 

Peaches— Bleached, unpeeled, boxes, <)@ioc ^ 
lb.; sacks, 8^(^9>ic; sun-dried, unpeeled, sacks, 
5@5Kc; peeled, boxes, choice, ii@i3c; just fair, 
9(aJioc; sacks, g@i2c. 

Nectarines— While, evaporated, bleached, boxes, 
7(g8c ^ It).; sun-dried, sacks, 6@yc: red, evapo- 
rated, bleached, boxes, 6c; sun-dried, sacks, 4@sc. 

Plums— New, pitted, sacks, 5'A@6%c ^ lb. 

Prunes— According to size, in sacks and dry, 7@ 
locl^lb. ; damp, 3(^40; Silver, io@i2}ic; Hun- 
garian, sacks, 3@5C. 

Raisins— Loose Muscatels, new, $1.40(^1.60 ^ 
box; London layers, $i.6s@2.25. 

Beans are salable and firm. There is no increase 
in arrivals, and offerings remain very small. Lima 
beans, California, 55i@6c lb. 

Callforala Fruits East. 

Chicago, June 27. — The agents of the Golden 
Gite Fruit Co. and others sold one carload at the 
following prices: Plums— Royal Hative, $1.20 (g 
1.65; Peach, Ji. 05(^1.55; Purple Duane, ii.70. 
Apricots— Royal, in fair order, 850. Pears— Beurre 
Gifford, $i.35(gi.4o. For account of RanchoChico 
Fruit Co., one carload. Peach plums sold at $1.20 
@i.40 and peaches at $1. 

Chicago, June 28.— The Porter Bros. Co., 
agents of the (California Fruit Union, sold to-day 
two carloads of fruit. Peaches, $i.6s(§9sc; Bart- 
lett pears, $3.30; plums, $; apricots, $1.75 
£ 15. Good stock in demand. 

Chicago, June 29. — Richard M. Montgomery & 

Co. to-day sold for account of the Earl Fruit Co. 
and others one carload of California fruit at the fol- 
lowing prices: Bartlett pears, $3-35(0^3.50; Royal 
apricots, $1.50(^1.70; Peach plums, $1.60; Beurre 
Gifford pears, $1.60. 

Porter Bros. & Co. sold to-day two carloads of 
California fruit at the following prices: Peaches, 
$1.30(^3,15; apricots, $1.90(01,2; Peach plums, $2; 
Royal Hative plums, $; Bartleit pears, 
$3. 40(^3.75. Good stock is in good demand. 

Chicago, July i.— Porter Bros. \ Co. sold to- 
day 3 carloads of California fruit at the following 
prices: Peaches- -Crawford's $2.35 ©3: Hale's 
Early, 96c(g$t.7o; plums— Royal Hartive, $1.50® 
1.70; Peach $1.85(^2.10. Bartlett pears, $3.^0® 
3.80. Prunes, $2.8o@,3-30 

Chicago, July 2. — Porter Brothers Co. sold to- 
day, through the Adams & Lewis Auction Co., three 
carloads of pears, peaches and plums. Bartlett 
pears sold at $2 80 to $3.40; Crawford peaches, 
$2.10 to 60c; Early St. John peaches, $1.25; Hale's 
Early peaches, $t to 65c; Purple Duane plums, 
$1.75 to $2; peach plums, $1.45 to $2.05; Royal Ha- 
tive plums, $1.85 to 60a 


New York, July i. — Supplies are very generally 
under such control that they can be managed with- 
out serious inconvenience to holders and are in con- 
sequence offered with a due degree of care and mod- 
eration. Old wools have pretty well worked off 
from the hands of those willing to sell, and the new 
supply comes forward rather too slowly as yet to per- 
mit of any great amount of sorting up and handling. 
There has all in all been a pretty good trade accom- 
plished this week, covering a general assortment of 

Another telegram s;iys: " It has befn an active 
week in the cheaper sorts of wool here and at Bos- 
ton, with heavy sales of California, Texas and Monte- 
video. At tne close here there is no free offering, as 
prices assume a wholesome firm feehng. Strong 
prices are reported well established." 

Boston mail advices report as follows: The past 
week has shown more activity than has been seen in 
the wool market before this year, and sales have 
swelled up large. The feeling seems to be that 
prices are not going to weaken for some months at 
least, and manufacturers who have been holding 
back with small stocks are now more disposed to 
get some of the raw material on hand. The strong 
opening of the London sale undoubtedly had con- 
siderable effect in starting business up in this mar- 
ket, as even at the prices asked, this market is con- 
siderably below any other one to buy supplies. A 
special cable from London quotes; New Phillips 
shrinking 53 per cent at I4d; New /Zealand shrink- 
ing S3 P^t cent at and Sydney merino 
shrinking 54 per cent at ' 13d. This would make 
these wools cost, scoured in this market, about 85 
cents, while the range for some of the wools offered 
would be even above this. Domestic fleeces, even 
on the basis that is being asked in the country, 
which is equivalent to 38 cents here, would not make 
the cost ."icoured above 80 cents, so that operators 
feel that there is nothing in the wool situation that 
would indicate any cheap wool for the next few 
months at least "The feature of the wool sales dur- 
ing the past week has been the number of large lots 
that have been cleaned up. 

The Winter Wbeat Crop. 

Chicago, July 1. — The Farmers' Review will 
publish in its issue this week careful estimates, based 
on reports from its correspondents, relative to the 
probable yield of wheat in the winter wheat Stales, 
with the exception of Kentucky and Indiana, where 
drouth was experienced in April and May. Winter 
wheat arrived at the harvesting stage in good condi- 
tion and with good prospects of a large per cent of 
"No. I hard." There is little change in acreage, 
except in Kansas, where there is an increase of 
about 25 per cent, and in Missouri and Illinois, 
where there has been considerable falling off of area 
devoted to winter wheat. The condition of the 
crop at the time of the harvest, as compared with 
last year, is as follows: Illinois, 115 per cent; Michi- 
gan, 120; Kentucky, 105; Kansas, 110; Indiana, 
125; Ohio, 125; Missouri, 130. 

Average: yield per acre: Illinois, 15 bushels; 
Michigan. 16; Kentucky, 10.08; Kansas, 20; Indi- 
ana, 13; Ohio, 14; Missouri, 18. 

Acreage: Illinois, 2,259,640; Indiana, 2,774,062; 
Ohio, 2,655,227; Kentucky, 1,013,228; Missouri, 
1,402,626; Kansas, 1,312,500; Michigan, 1,612,847. 
Total yield for seven States, 195,373,000 bushels. 
Assuming that the crop in the other Slates of the 
Union will yield the same return as last year, 117,- 
860.000 bushels, the total winter wheat crop of '89 
will be about 313.233,000 bushels. 

The prospects are also favorable for a good yield 
of rye, although the area is indicated to be about 
10 per cent less than last year. The average yield 
per acre, however, will be heavy enough to make 
up any deficiency in acreage. The present indica- 
tions point to a yield of 28,951,000 bushels, the 
largest crop since 1884. 

Chicago Live-stock Market. 

Beeves. Steers. Hni^s. Sheep. 
Thursday ..S4 10rt4.35 S3.40(*4.15 $4.30@4 55 $3 25(«4.26 

Friday 4.00i«4.35 S.SSt't.lO 4 2.iia t.40 3 O0(rf3,85 

Saturday... 3.85(14 40 3.70i«4.40 4.20i<i4.40 3 00((i4 20 
Monday.... 4.10(34 25 4.20v'4.40 3.40^<t3,65 3.00(!r4.00 


New York, July i.— California raisins are about 
the same as last week, from $1.60 to $2.60, accord- 
ing 10 quality. 

One hundred and fifty boxes of plums were sold 
by auction on Saturday at $1.75. The market is 
quite bare. 

California fruits are steady. Receipts are looked 
for, but each week now will furnish competition 
from near-by points. Peaches will be an important 
specially of the South this year. A small lot of 
green Bartletts sold at $14 a case. 

The movement in hops is light and chiefly to 
brewers. Recent prices are quoted strong, as the 
upper lines of California and State cannot be re- 
placed in current crop receipts. The exports of the 
week were 423 bales. 

Local Markets. 

BARLEY — The market is strong, under light 
bu.siness and strong holding. Harvesting is well 
under way, but deliveries are, as yet, light. On 
Call, trading has been only fair. The following are 
the sales reported on to-day's Call : 

Morning Session: Buyer 1889—600 tons, 83c. 

Seller 1889, new — 100 tons, 74KC; 100, 75c; 100, 
75}4c; 200. 75X; 200, 75!4c; 300, 75)^ ^ ctl. After- 
noon Session: Buyer 1889 — 100 tons, 83^0, Sell- 
er 1889, — 100 tons, 75J^c; 100, 75Kc; 100, 
7S?6 ^ ctl. 


Buyer Seaaon. 'Seller 1889. Buyer 1889. 
H. L. H. L. H. L. 

Thursday 73 72J SOj 8O4 

Friday 73 7S 80j 8o| 

Saturday 81 81 

Monday 7Sj 74 82J 82 


« New. 

BAGS — Notwithstanding heavy shipments to the 
interior, the market for Calcutta bags keeps down. 
It is claimed that large holders prefer realizing at 
present prices to sending values up with the 
chances of not unloading. To-dav's quotations are 
given at 75i to 7% for round parcels, and 8 to 
for small jobbing lots. 

BUTTER — The market is weak for all kinds, 
with more or less of a demoralized feeling for poor 
to medium grades. Receipts are light, but the 
slock here is heavy. 

CHEESE — The market is not quotable higher, 
but the tone is strong and healthy. The stock in 
the city is light, with a good demand ruling. 

EGGS — The market for strictly fresh-laid, large- 
selected, is very strong at 25c, and even more, but 
mixed sizes are 24c. Choice are steady. The poorer 
qualities are slow and heavy. Receipts are light. 

FLOUR — The market is steady al current quo- 

WHEAT — The advance in the foreign market 
was sustained yeslerd.iy, when private cables quote 
3d per quarter (equal to 1 1-5C per cental) lower. 
Our market did not advance with the higher quota- 
tions abroad; the decline ought not to affect us. Ex- 
port buyers are in the market at $i.27}^(gi.28K 'or 
No. 1 white shipping, and they are bringing every- 
thing possible to bear so as to get prices down; as 
yet, holders do not make concessions. Those in 
the market as sellers, ask our quotations. On Call, 
trading has been fairly active at advancing prices up 
to Monday, when prices began to shade off. The 
following are to-day's sales on Call: 

Morning Session: Buyer 1889 — 700 tons, $1.35. 
Buyer 18S9, after August ist— 500 tons, $1.35. Sell- 
er 1889, new — 200 tons, $1.25}^; 600, $1.25^^; 100, 
$i.26}4 ^ ctl. Afternoon Session: Buyer 1889 — 
100 tons, I1.35/8; 200, $i.3s}f ; 100, $1.35^; 3"°. 
$i.35fs- Seller 1889, new — 100 tons, $i.26.H. 
Buyer season— 100 tons, $1.42 # ctl. 


s. s. 

Thursday.... -J {" 



I h. 

( h. ... 
(1. ... 

Monday "' 

Tuesday | ■■• 

—•After August 

R 8- 

B. '89. 

*S. '89 

































Market Information. 

Produce Receipts. 

Receipts of produce at this port the week ending 
July 2st, were as follows: 

Flour, qr. sks 62,600 

Wheat, ctls 171,766 

Middlings, sks... 1,710 

Alfalfa, " 

Chicory, bbls 

Broomcorn, bdls 

Hops, bis 

Wool, " .... 

Hay, tons 2,136 

Straw, " 48 

Wine, gals 169,970 





Barley, " 18,498 

Rye, " 1,271 

Oats, " 8,230 

Corn, " 1.250 

Butter, " 557 

do bxs 1,013 

Cheese, ctls 618 

do b.\s 30 Brandy, " 

Eggs, doz 62,230 Raisins, bxs 

Beans, ctls 10,858 Honey, cs , 

Potatoes, sks 28,301 Walnuts, sks 

Onions, " 4,064 Flaxseed, sks 

Bran, sks 3,454 Mustard, sks ... 

Buckwheat, sks. . . 


This being the closing work of the cereal crop 
year, and also of the semi-annual settlements, trad- 
ing in cereals was light. The demand for wheat 
appears to be stronger, yet so shaped as not to ex- 
cite sellers. The general feeling among the latter 
is that prices cannot be much worse, while there are 
strong probabilities that they may do considerable 
better before the end of the year; acting under this 
belief there is more disposition to store, and borrow 
money. Wheat buyers and their allies are doing all 
they can to keep prices down. Their main cry is a 
scarcity of tonnage. The ships here and on the 
way have a carrying capacity of about 500,000 tons 
of wheat. To the list of ships on the way ships are 
being almost continually added. Buyers do not 
bid above last week's quotations, although it is 
claimed that a slightly higher range of values has 
beed paid. 

The crop returns come to hand slow. Those re- 
ceived confirm last week's advices. 

Barley has a steadier, stronger tone, owing to the 
selling pressure not being so strong, due to new 
storage having commenced the first of this month. 
The low prices are undoubtedly attracting, in a quiet 
way, both shipping and home buying. The grade 
wanted is bright, plump grain. Harvest returns are 
about the same as reported last week. 

Corn is fairly steady, with both receipts and de- 
mand about equal. 

Oats have a stronger tone for the better grades. 
The impression prevails that prices will contioue in 
buyers' favor, particularly if farmers press receipts on 
the market. 

In buckwheat and rye there are no changes to 
note. Buyers are still offish, although the low 
prices for the latter is said to be attracting some 

The stores of grain in the warehouses on the 1st 
and 30lh of June compare as follows in tons, 

1st. 30th. 

Wheat ^.oiS '2.504 

Barley 31,199 26,430 

Oats 4.603 3.562 

Corn 856 121 

*At Port Costa 9,443 tons. Total 11,947 tons. 
Decrease during the month 6,372 tons. 


There is a steady increasing call for all kinds of 
ground feed. The market for both bran and mid- 
dlings shows strength. For ground barley prices 
move in sympathy with the grain. 

Choice new hay shows a steadier tone, but poor 
to fair is still slow. There appears to be a growing 
impression that prices will not go much if any lower 
for the more choice grades. 1 his is grounded on the 
belief that the consumption will be larger than 
last season, while the acreage cut is less. Many 
fields, it is claimed, that it was the intention to cut 
lor hay ripened too quick, and consequently had to 
be harvested. 


The hot, sultry weather coming in so suddenly, as 
it did the past week, is reported to have done some 
damage to fruits, but to what extent it is hard to 
say. The receipts of the past two days show that 
the bulk have been pushed in lipening, for they are 
largely over-ripe and therefore poor-keepers. There 
are buyers in the market for well-matured, good- 
keeping fruits to fill distant orders. 

Berries came in liberally the past week, causing 
lower prices to obtain. Currants are about out of 
the maiket. Canners are still taking strawberries, 
blackberries and currants. 

Apricots are selling at a wide range. Many over- 
ripe were placed yesterday and to-day at from 10 to 
20 cents a box. Good-keepers sold at quotations. 
Peaches that are coming in show an improvement in 
quality, with the receipts increasing. The hot 
weather causes a large increase in the consumption. 
Apples show an improvement in quality, but as yet 
it is only fair. Nectarines are in buyer's favor, as 
are figs. Pears are showing an improvement in 

The hot weather has caused a decided better con- 
sumption in tropical fruits, particularly limes and 

Watermelons and cantelopes, as yet, make a 
poor showing. Receipts are expected to increase 
from now on. 

In dried fruits the market has been fairly strong. 
New season apricots sell at ic(giic, with a higher 
range for the more choice. The weather has turned 
for the better for sun-drying. 


The market continues very dull under a light con- 
sumption. The extreme heat of the past few days 
is against the market. In its present condition, 
with a large proportion of San Franciscans and 
citizens of adjoining cities off on a vacation, it is 
hard to either quote or report correctly. To force 
sales lower prices must be accepted. At present the 
slaughtering appears to be done with the idea of 
not over-stocking the retail market and sending val- 
ues. In horses and milch cows there is nothing 
new to report 

The market for dressed cattle is quoted as fol- 
lows [to obtain the price on foot, take off from the 
price for stall-fed one-third to one-half, according to 
the nature of the feed and time fed; and for grass- 
fed take off the price from 40 to 60 per centl: 

HOGS — On foot, grain fed, 5?4(a!6Mc l^tb.; 
dressed, 8@9C 1$ lb.; soft. S@sKc<^lb. ; dressed, 
8(g9C lb. Stock hogs, s@6c # tt>. 

BEEF— Stall fed, 6(g6Mc ^ lb.; grass fed, extra 
SK@6 #lb. ; first quality, 5Ji(g5Kc t(f lb.: second 
quality 4M@5C ^ lb.; third quality, 3M@45ic If 
lb.; bulls and thin cows, 2@3C ^ lb. 

VEAL— Small, 7@9C ^Ib.; large. s'A@7^c. 

MUTTON— Wethers, 5 M@6c ^ lb.; ewes. s@ 
55^0 ^tb.; lamb, spring, 7%%i'Ac if lb. 


A radical change in the temperature from cool 
and moist to hot and dry has done no little damage 
to garden truck, which exhibited itself quite largely 
in the quality of the stuff received. 

The receipts of all kinds of seasonable vegetables 
were large throughout the week, with quite an in- 
crease the past two days. Much of that received 
show more or less damage from sunburn, necessitat- 
ing concessions to effect sales. At the moment, with 
large numbers of consumers out of town, the market 
is in more or less of a demoralized condition, and 
therefore hard to correctly quote. 

Potatoes came in very freely the past week, caus- 
ing some shading in values so as to clean up con- 
signments. There is a lair home and shipping de- 

Onions are weak under free receipts. Only the 
more matured good-keepers find ready custom at 
full figures. 

Cabbages and other summer vegetables are fairly 
strong. The demand is only fair. 


The leading shipments by sea the pa-st week were 
as follows: "To Australia, 6364 bbls. flour; to New 
York via Panama, 27,946 gals, wine, 260 gals, bian- 
dy, 190.966 tbs. beans; to Liverpool, 2576 gals, wine, 
896 gals, brandy, 4592 ctls. barley; to Glasgow. 2i;oo 
gals, brandy, to Boston via C. P. R. R. 67,526 lbs. 

Poultry under moderate receipts and a good de- 
mand have held strong, with a firm tone at the 

Hops are more inquired for in a small way. The 
hot weather has stimulated the demand. Eastern 
and European advices are unchanged. 

The receipts of wool were very heavy the past 
week. With better selections, buyers have taken 
hold quite freely, and in many instances paid an ad- 
vance on top quotations, for the more choice desir- 
able clips. At ClovDrdale 300 bales are reported to 
have been sold recently at 22c a pound. 

Beans continue strong, although there does not 
appear to be so much inquiry for shipment. 

From the Commercial A'ews of July 2d the fol- 
lowing summary of tonnage movement is compiled: 
1889. 18S8. 

On the way to this port 242.140 3'3-9°5 

On the way to neighboring ports 28,829 114,266 

In port, disengaged 9.876 42,61a 

In port, engaged for wbeat 55.^33 22,240 

Totals 336.678 493.023 

To get the carrying capacity, add 60 per cent to 
the registered tons as given above. 

From July ist to July ist, the following are the 
exports from this port: 1889. 1888. 

Wheat, ctls .13.008,653 8,678,750 

Flour, bbls 845,232 810,214 

Barley, ctls 1,309.270 694,743 

July 6, 1889.] 


Domestic Produce. 

Extra choice In good packages fetch an advance on top 
quotations, while very poor grades sell less than the lower 




Bayo, ctl 2 40 @ 2 65 

Butter 2 50 @ 2 81 

Pea 2 10 @ 2 35 

Bed 2 35 @ 2 75 

Pink 2 40 @ 2 60 

Large White ... — ® — 
SmpU White .. 2 10 @ 2 35 
Llira... ... 4 50 @ 5 00 

Fid Peas.Wkeye - @ — 
do new green ] 60 @ 2 CO 

do Nt-es — @ — 

South'n * ton.. 75 00 (895 00 

Northern 80 00 @95 00 


OaUfomia 6 @ 6J 

German 6J@ 7 



OaL Poortofair.ttilO & 
do good to choice 15 @ 
do Fancy br'nds 18 (3 
do pickled 17 @ 

Eastern in tubs. 14 @ 
do in rolls. ... 13 @ 


Oal. new.choice. 7J@ 

do old — & 

do fair to good 

new 6 @ 


Oal. ranch, doz. 23 @ 

do. store 15 & 

Eastern, limed.. — @ 
Eastern, fresh. . 14 @ 

Bran, ton 12 .50 @14 00 

Feedmeal 24 00 @)25 50 

Gr'd Barley 15 00 @)6 50 

Middlings 15 50 mi 50 

Oil Cake Meal.. 30 00 @ — 
Per 100 lbs.... 7 50® 
Old not quoted. 
Compressed .... 8 00 @12 00 
Wheat, per ton. 7 00 ^812 50 
Wheat and Oats 7 00 C<«12 00 

Wild Oats 8 00 @10 50 

Clover 6 00 @10 00 

Cultivated Oats 7 00 @10 00 

Barley 5 00 @ 7 50 

Barley and Oats 5 00 @ 7 50 

Alfalfa 4 00 (ce 6 00 

Stock Hay 3 .10 (ft 6 00 

AlfalfaC'mpr'sd 7 00 (a 8 50 

Straw bale 50 @ 75 

Extra, CityMills 4 00 @ 4 25 
do Co 'try Mills 3 85 @ 4 25 

Superiine 2 50 ® 3 25 

Barley, feed, ctl. 62j@ 72J 
do Brewing... 76 & 85 
do do Choice. . 90 (S 1 00 
Chevalier cuce — @ — 
do com to good — (Si — 

Buckwheat 3 00 @ 3 25 

Corn, White.... 1 00 @ 1 12J 

Yellow 1 05 @ 1 17j 

Oats, milling.... 1 15 ^ 1 25 

Choice feed 1 07}@ 1 12J 

do good 1 02J@ 1 07J 

do fair 974@ 1 00 

do Gray — O — 

Ry» 85 @ 95 

Wheat, milling. 
Gilt edged.... 1 36S@ 1 38} 

do Choice 1 33J(9 1 35 

do fair to good 1 3li(d 1 32S 
Shipping, cho'ce 1 30 @ 1 32} 

do good. 1 283(8 1 30 

do fair 1 26J@ 1 28} 


Dry 11 (S — 

Salted e @ 8i 


Oregon, 1887 .... 6 @ 32 
do 1888 .... 14 <» 18 
CaUfornIa, 1887 . . 6 12 
do 1888.. 14 @ 18 


5 @ 

12 O 

80 I 

70 I 



Wednesday, July 2, 1889. 

Red 40 O 

Silver Skin 50 @ 

NUTS -Jobbing. 
Wahiuts, Cal. tt) 5 @ 

do Chile 

Almonds, hd shl. 


Paper shell.,, 

Brazil 8 O 

Pecans 7i@ 

Peanuts 5 

Filberts 10 @ 

Hickory 5 (g 

Early Rose, sks. 50 @ 

Chile 60 


Jersey Blues.... 

River Reds 


Cufley Cove.... 

Sweet — 

Tomales — (a — 

Swe t 3 @ 4 


Hens, doz 6 00 @ 7 50 

Roosters.old.... 6 00 ® 7 00 

do young 8 00 @11 00 

Broilers 2 50 @ 7 00 

Ducks, tame 4 00 Oi 6 50 

Geese, pair 1 00 @ 1 60 

do Goslings... 1 25 @ 1 60 
Turkeys, Gobl'r. 18 @ 21 
Turkeys, Hens. . 16 @ 18 
do dressed — m — 

Pigeons, old 2 00 (a 2 50 

do young. 1 50 @ 2 OO 
Rabbits, doz.... 1 00 (« 1 25 

Hare 1 50 @ 2 00 

Manhattan, ^ 1i> 12 @ — 

Cal. Bacon, 

Heavy, lb @ ~ 

Medium lli@ — 

Light 12 O — 

Extra Light.. 13 ® — 

Lard 9 @ 

Cal. Sm'k'dBeet 11 @ 

Hams, Cal 12J@ 

do Eastern. . . 14 @ 

Alfalfa 12 ® 


Clover, Red.... _ 

White 20 (a 

Cotton 20 @ 





Millet, German . 

do Common . . 
Mustard, yellow 
do Brown , , , , 


Ky. Blue Grass. 

2d quality 

Sweet V. Grass. 

Orchard 14 @ 

Hungarian.. . 7J@ 

Lawn 27S@ 

Mesquit 6 @ 

Timothy 6J@ 


Crude, lb 3 O 

Refined 6 @ 

BPRINQ— 1889. 
Humboldt and 


Sac'to valley. . . . 
Free Mountain. 
S Joaquin valley 
do mountain . 
Oala'v& F'th'U. 
Oregon Eastern. 

do valley 

So'n Coast, det. . 
So'n Coast, free. 


12 I 


20 « 

* 24 

15 C 

i 22 

20 C 

i 24 


i 17 

17 a 

* 22 

)5 @ 24 

13 $ 

* 22 

20 (< 

1 25J 

11 c 

* 14 

14 ^ 

1 19 

Fruits and Vegetables. 

Extra choice In good packages fetch an advance on top 
quotations, while very poor grades sell less than the lower 

Apples, bx, com 45 @ 75 
do Choice .... 1 00 @ 1 50 
do E'st'rn, bbl @ — 
Bananas, bunch 1 25 @ 3 03 

Cranberries 7 00 @ 8 00 

Limes, Mex, 4 00 @ 5 00 
do Jal, —coo — 

Lemons, Cal. bx 2 00 @ 3 ,50 
do Sicily, box, 7 OC @ 8 50 
do do seedling 3 00 @ 5 00 
Oranges Oombx 75 @ 1 25 

do good 2 00 C* 3 25 

do Choico , . — @ — 
do Navels 

choice — @ — 

do Com — @ 

Pineapples, doz. 4 00 @ 6 00 
Bl'kberries, chst 3 00 @ 5 00 
Raspberries chst 5 00 @ 6 00 
Strawber's chest 4 00 @ 5 00 
do fair to good 2 00 @ 3 00 

6 @ 

- @ 

- @ 

- «* 

- @ 

Gooseberries, lb. 3}@ 5 
do choice 6 @ 7 
Cherry Plums . . 

per drawer 
Cherries, red, bx 
do blk bx 
do white bx 
Peara, Ch'ce, bx 1 00 (2' 1 50 
do fair to good 40 (« 75 
PeachcS, per bx 
choice. . 
do fair to good 

do poor 

Plum.s, Ch'ce,bx 
do, fair to good 
Nectarine^, box 
Crabapples, box 

60 @ 75 

45 @ 55 

30 (fb 40 

75 (S) I 00 

40 VP 65 

75 c* 1 00 
25 <s 75 

Wednesday, July 2, 1889, 
Figs, black, box 26 <a 50 
do white do 25 @ 30 
Apricots,C'm,bx 25 (a| 35 
do choice 40 (cC 50 

Currants chest, 2 50 @ 4 OO 

per doz 2 50 @ 4 00 

Asparagus, bx. . — & — 

do choice — w — 

do extra bx . . — (S — 
Okra, dry, lb..., 
do Green lb . . 
do Com Iti 
Parsnips, ctl. . . . 
Peppers, dry, lb. 

do green, bx.. 
Squash, Sum- 
mer, bx 

doM'r'w-fattn 8 00 @)5 00 
String beans, tb. 3 @ — 
do do Wax 3 @ 4 

Turnips, ctl 50 (» 75 

Beets, sk 50 @ 75 

Cabbage, 100 lbs 45 @ 

Carrots, sk 

Green Com. sk. 

do Sweet do 
Cireeu Peas, sk. 
Sweet Peas, lb. . 
Mushrooms. Cul 

tivated, tb 25 @ 

Wild, lb 10 @ 

Rhubarb, bx.... 25 @ 
Oucumberti bx.. 25 @ 

Garlic, lb 1 @ 

Tomatoes, rv.,bx 25 @ 
Egg Plant, lb... 7 @ 

6 (<? 7 

15 ffl 20 

8 @ 12i 

1 00 M 1 26 

6 @ 7 

70 (a 1 00 

15 O 35 

25 (a 30 
25 (a 60 
75 @ 1 25 
75 (rt 1 60 
2 @ 3 

All California Fruit-Qrowera 

No doubt wish to send to old friends in the Eastern 
States or foreign countries attractive pictures and 
stories of our fruit-growing scenery. In the new 
work, California Views in Natural Colors, one can 
now send postpaid tor but the price of a single ordi- 
nary photograph a book containing over 8o views 
taken expressly to illustrate this subject, with more 
interesting information about the State than could 
be written in loo letters. Ask news dealers, or send 
50 cents for one copy or J5 for a dozen, with hst of 
addresses, to California View Publishing Co., 12 
Montgomery street, San Francisco, Agents wanted 
all over the United States. Send two-cent stamp 
for elegant circular in colors. Mention this paper. 

Back Filss of the Pacifio Rural Prbss (unbound 
can be had tor S3 per volume of six months. Per year 
(two volamee) $6. Inserted in Dewey's patent binder, 
60 cents additional per volume. 



rate of interest on approved security in Farming 
Lands. A. SCHULLER, 106 Leidesdorfif street, 
San Francisco. •* 


[Furnished for publication in this paper by Nelson Gobom, Sergeant Signal Service Corps, U. S. A.) 



Bed Bluff. 





Los Angeles. 

San Diego. 


June 25-July 1. 



Wind 1 


Temp 1 

Wind 1 

Weather.. | 


Wind 1 



Temp .... 1 

Wind .... 1 

Weather., | 



Weather. , 



Weather.. | 









1 Rain 


^ Weather.. 







































































































































































































































































Explanation.— CI. for clear; Cy., clou ly; Fr., fair; Fy., foggy; Cm., calm; — indicates too small to measure. Temperature, wind aud weather at 12:00 M. (Pacific Standard time) 
with amount of rainfall in the preceding 24 hours. T indicates trace of rainfall. Observations taken at 5 P. m. instead of 12 m. 


With Steel Skeins, National Tubular Steel 
Axles (Seir-OiUng), and Genuine D. Arthur 
Brown Concord Steel Axles. 


And a Larae Line of Buggies, Surreys, 
Plisetons, &c., &c. Send for Catalogue. 

Bull & Grant Farm Implement Go. 

21 and 23 Spear Street, San Francisco, 
and 211. 218 and 215 J Street, Sacramento. 



Famers Dairymen. Stoclonen & MacMnists 

Blacksmith's Drill 
iPress, Hand Feed- 
Weight, 65 iba. 

Combination Anvil 
and Vise, hardened 
face, finely polished; 
weight, 60 lbs. 

Farmer's Forge, 
No. 6 B, will heat 
li-inoh iron. 

Hammer and 
Handle, 2 lbs., 
solid cast steel. 

Blacksmith's Hot and CoUl Chisel 
li 11)8 each; both solid cast steel. 

Klickfmith's Tonus, Wn-ut'ht Iron, 18 inches. 

Oar Agents. 

Oint Fribmdb can do mneb in aid of oar paper aod the 

cause of practical knowledge and science, by assisting 
Agents in their labors of oanvasBing, by lending their in- 
flaence and encouraging favors. We Intend to iend none 
but worthv men. 

J. C. HoAO — San Francisco. 

R. G. Bailbt— San Francisco, 

W. E. Brck— San Francisco. 

Wm. H. Cook— Fresno and Santa Cruz Cos. 

W. W. Theob*lds — Central California. 

H. G. Parsons— Central California. 

Obo Wilsoh — Sacramento Co. 

Frank S. Chapin — Colusa and Butte Cos. 

E. H. Schabffle— Calaverja and Tuolumne Cos. 

Dr. W. F. Drake- Sonora, Cal. 

CuAS. DOGAN — Stanislaus Co. 

A. F. JKWBTT— Tulare Co. 
Julbb Badmann— Arizona. 
Chas. F. Blackborn— Idaho. 

B. G. HnBTON — Montana. 

For a Disordered Liver try Beeoham's Pii ls. 


Are the Best , 


Durability, Evenness of 
Point, and Workmanship. 

Samples for trial of 12 different styles by mail.oa 
receipt of lO cents in etampa. Ask for curd Ho. 9, 


7S3 Broadway. 
New YmIu * 

Farrier's Pincers, Cast Steel; 12-inch. 

Shoeing Hammer and Handle; weigh 
9 ounces. 


And we offer this complete 


Which is hardly half the regular prices, and none can 
afford to be without this set. Orders by mail promptly 
filled. Address, 

No8. 3 and 5 Front St., San Francisco 

The MuroTeil Nasli & Ciitts Grain CleaDcr. 

The only cleaner in use that will clean California raised 


Our well-known TANKS are made by machinery, from 
the beat of materials, and shipped to all parts of the 
country Each piece numbered. No skill required in 
setting up. 

Proprietors MECHANICS' MILLS, ' 

Cor. Mission & Fremont Sts., Snn Francisco 


..220maRKET.ST.S.F.^ " 

See the improvements for 1SS9. First Premium at 
State Fair 1888 B»ware of worthless in italiona. Ad- 
dress H. D. NASH & CO., 906 K Street, S-c- 
ramento, onlv manufactory in Oaliforn a of the Nash 
& uutts Grain Cleaner, or BaKER & HAMILTON, 
San Francisco and Sacramento. 


For Young Ladies and Little Girls. 
7th Ave. and 17tli St., BAST OAKLAND, 
Will reopen on Wednesday, July 31, 1889. 


A fine lot of young thoroughbred Holstein Bull Calves, 
registered and of the finest strains of blood, for sale. 
For particulars, address J. A. SOHOLEPIBLD, 
Manager " Bonnie Brae " Stoct Ranch, Hoi- 
lister, Cal, 



[Jdly 6, 1889 

Contrary to Public Policy. 

The details of the frightfal (lUaater at Johns- 
town, Pd,, make it certain that the permitted 
existence of the reservoir, whose collipse sac- 
rificed thousands of lives, was an outrage of 
sound public policy disgraceful to an intelligent 
civilization. This reservoir had ceased to be 
of any commercial consequence; it had become 
a mere fiah-pond for the pleasure and profit of 
those who owned it, and of course nobody 
watches a public fish-pond as carefully and 
jealously as a public work. But let us assume 
chat it was a public work — nevertheless it ought 
never to have been erected except nnder condi- 
tions of pnblic inspection and guardianship that 
would make such a horrible disaster impossible. 
Why ? Because human life and liberty are al- 
ways more sicred than human property. 

The construction of an immense reservoir 
whose breaking away, under a convulsion of 
nature, like an earthquake, or an exceptionally 
heavy rain and consequent flood, would proba- 
bly destroy thousands of lives, ought never to 
be permitted. We might as well permit every- 
body to carry and handle dynamite and nitro- 
glycerine as to allow anybody, for pleasure or 
for profit, to erect a great reservoir at the head 
of a deep, narrow valley, where, if the reservoir 
broke, the inhabitants of that valley would cer- 
tainly be drowned. If such a reservoir could 
be made absolutely secure, its erection for a 
public purpose could be justified; but every- 
body knows that it cannot be made absolutely 
secure, because an exceptional flood, an earth- 
quake, a cloudburet, would be sure to shatter 
it. Such a reservoir, whose released waters 
would be sure to drown thoueands of people, 
ought never to ba constructed, and, ungracious 
as the remark may seem, the death of every 
man, woman and cbild, and the destruction of 
millions of valuable property by the Johnstown 
inundation, is not due to an " act of God" but 
to the folly and recklessness of man. 

The frightful experience of Massachusetts, 
the terrrible story ot the Danubian floods, which 
have so frequently drowned out the Austrian 
peasantry ; the horrible tale of Like Saline, in 
Texas, are object-lessons that ought not to be 
forgotten, Oi course, man cannot provide by 
his foresight for all the eccentric actions of 
nature; but man has no business to build an 
immense reservoir at the head of a deep, nar- 
row defile, whose banks are thickly populated, 
unless he can make it absdutely secure. Bus- 
iness and pleasure and profit ought always to 
be held in subjection to public safety. The ex- 
istence of an artificial lake of enormous propor- 
tions at the head of a narrow defile, for busi- 
ness purposes, is without excuse or extenuation 
as a matter of sound public policy, and the ex- 
istence of such an artificial lake, as a matter of 
public or private pleasure, asarustic fish-pond, 
is entirely without excase on any ground. 

Pennsylvania is mourning for her dead, slain 
by the hand of this vile spirit of public legisla- 
tion which declares that the security of human 
life is of secondary consequence compared with 
a chance to increase property or afiford amuse- 
ment to property-holders. Any sound civil en- 
gineer could have told the owners of this reser- 
voir that it could not be made secure against an 
exceptional flood or other convulsion of nature, 
and for this sufficient reason it ought never to 
have been built, or if built ought to have been 
watched as jealously, night and day, as the 
dragon guarded the apple of Uesperides. 

Tne truth is that while property is jtalously 
guarded in America, human life is treated with 
contempt. And yet, under this view it is sur- 
prising that the Pennsylvania railroad did not 
protest against the existence of such a reservoir, 
knowing that its departure would be sure to 
put them in the hole of general destruction, 
whose top can seldom be avoided. The Penn- 
sylvania disaster is a bit of frightful retribution 
inflicted upon those persons wbo labor for the 
erection of those works whose existence is an 
outrage upon public justice and public safety. — 

Gompllmentary Samples. 

Persons receiving this paper marked are re- 
quested to examine its contents, terms of sub- 
scription, and give it their own patronage, and, 
aa far as practicable, aid in circulating the 
journal, and making its value more widely 
known to others, and extending its influence in 
the cause it faithfully serves. Subscription 
rate, $3.00 a year. Extra copies mailed for 10 
cents, if ordered soon enough. If already » 
subscriber, please show the paper to others. 

Don't Fail to Write. 

Should this paper be received by any subscriber who 
does not want it, or beyond the tvne he intends to pay 
for it, let him not tail to write us direct to stop it A 
postal card (costing one cent only) wiU aufflce. We will 
not Itnowingly send the paper to any one who does not 
wish it, but if it is continued, through the (allure of the 
subscriber to notify us to discontinue It, or some Irre- 

rnsible party requested to stop it, we shall positively 
oand paymentfor the time it is sent. Look OAasFULLr 



real estate bslow mirket rates. HOWE & KIM- 
BALL, so8 California St., S. F. ** 

Cheap Money for Farmers ! 


large sums below m.irket rates. S. D. HOVEY, 
318 Pine street, San Francisco. *• 


.VCT LIKE T^r^f>I<' 


25 Cents a Box. 





Authorized Capital $1,000,000 

Capital paid up In gold coin 624,160 

KeHerved Fund 40,000 

Dividends paid to Stockholders.. 615,620 

A. D. LOGAN President 

i. C. STEELE Vico-Presideot 

ALBERT MONTPELLIER Cashier and Manager 

FRANK Mcmullen secretary 

General Banldn^ Deposits received, Qold and Silver. 
Bills of Exchange boui;nt and sold. Loans on Wheat 
and country produce a specialty. 

Jan. 1, 188?. A. MONTPELLIER, Manager. 

See Our $2.50 Air Rifle. 

(Nickel Platfii). Shoots Bulleti and I)»it9. 

Preecn-Lcadtrs fi cm .S4 to $100. 

<>^See our job counters of Secood-Hand Guns. Send 5c 
for Catalujue. 

Send 5c Btanips for large Cataloj^tie of Guns and 
Hunters' and An!.HGra' Goodfi. 

525 Kearny Street, San Francisco. Cal, 



Four Sizes Made. 
Send for Descriptive Catalogue. 


37 MARKET ST., S. P. 



5iie California Street. 

For the half year ending June 30, 1S89, a divi Jend has 
been declared at the rate of five and one-tenth (5 1-10) 
per cent i>er annum cn Term Defosils, and four and oue- 
quarter (4J) per cent per annum on Ordinary Deposits, 
fayable on and after Monday, July 1, 18S9. 

GEO. TOURNY, Secretary. 


532 CallforDla St.. Cor. Webb. 
Branch, 1700 Martcet St., Cor. Polk. 
For the halt year ending with the 30 h cf June, 1889, a 
dividend has been declared at the rate of tlve and one- 
tenth (5 1-10) per cent per annum on term deposi 8, and 
four and one-(iuarter (41) per cent per annum on ordinary 
deposit*, flee of taxcj, payable on and after Monday, 
July 1, 1889. LOVUiLL. WHITE, Caehler- 

Pat«nted Uar. 23, 1886. 




This is an apparatus for 
Borning Straw and 

And forcing the Smoke and Gases 
down their holes, which kilh them. 
Docs away with poittoned wheat 
and all other dangerous methods. 

(W Every one guaraLteed or 
money rtfundt'd. 

Price, $3.00 

IVSend for Circular to 


44 S. Spring St. 
Los Angelea, CaL 

P. & B. IDEAL 




— FOR— 

Cheapness and Dura, 


Cannot be Torn. Any- 
body can put It on. 

No Coal TaL No Odor. 


Cattlemen, Ranchmen 
and Settlers. 


310 Oallfonala, St., Saxx Fx>axi.g1sgo. 



Dsiig llie Benoit CorrDgateil Rollers. 



This Mill baa been in use on this Coast for 8 years. 


Four years in succession, and has met with f^eneral^favor, 
there now bein^ 

Over 250 of them in use in California, Nevada & Oregon. 

It In the most economical and durable Feed-Mill in ude. I am sole 
manufacturer uf the Corrugated Roller UiU. Tne Mills aie all ready to 
mount on wagons. 

Durham, May 21, It's". ] Orainlako, Bitte CO. Cal., June 9, 1887. 

Mr. St. L. Jferi/— Dkar Sir: In rrply to yours of the Nr. 3f. //. }ier<i — IJe\r Sir: We have used one No. 2 
lOih. would saytiiat I crushed frcni two to two and a \ Ro ler Barley Crui'her now for cigit years and have used 
half tons per hour, hut could crush three and a half tons , it stead v cluiinf; that t me; have crushed 45 tnns a day 
per honr if mv elevators were large enootih to carry the ard the Crucher is as t,'ooa to-day as when it came out of 

h:\rley from the machine. The N'o. 1 machine 1 used at 
(Jriilley was run on a tack a minute, hut if we got be- 
hind we could run through five tons an hour, and do 
^ood work. The michine I use here is a No. 2. 

Yours, WM. M. TAYLOR. 
I thank the public for their kind patrouage received thus far, and hope for a continuance of the same. 

yonr>hop. I am satisDed that it is the bpst mill made. 
You may reconstruct this testimoniil to the best advao- 
tai;c for ycu and i>ign our names, tor you cannot overrate 
the merits of your mill.. F. E. RE>M. 


M. L. ¥ERY, Chico Iron Works, Chico, Cal. 


Warehouse and Docks, PORT COSTA, OAL. Office, 418 PINB ST., San Francisco. 


These Warehouses are the largest on the Pacitic Coast, and are furnished with the latest 
improvements for the rapid handling and storage of Grain. A Mill attached, supplied with the 
beet and newest machinery for cleaning foul and smutty wheat. 

.StoroKe of Grain per .Srason not to exceed $1 00 per Ton. 

Storaee of Grain per Month 25 '• 

Grading Wheat 50 " 

Cleaning Wheat " 

Smatting Wheat 1 00 

WelghlnK into Warehouse, Free. 


W. F. BERRY, Secretary. JOBN ROSENFKLD, President. 


U. S. S'.asdird Sci'.e]. 

Sent fin trial. Frciuht 
paid. Fully Warranted. 

3 TON $35. 

Other sizes proportion- 
ately low. Agents well paid. Illustrated Catalogue 
(rte. Mention this Paper. 

OSGOOD & THOMFSOIT. Eingliamton, N. Y. 

|lLl|fC|UTnRQ on the Pacific Coast should secure 
111 f tH I UnO their Patents through Dewey&Co.'s 
Mi>iiia A«D SciBKiivic Pkrss Patent Agency, No. 220 
Market St.. 8. F. 





Best Fences and Gates for all 
pur| Free, C'atalofrue giving 
full particulars and prices. 

Ask Hardware Dealers, or ad- 
dress, mentioning this paper, 

SEDGWICK BROS. Richmond, Ind. 

An ■ ••— I f ^ M-AfrfHr,ma treat nient 

Cubes All Diseaaesof the Rectum. New iNvrNriosI 
Send ae for Pahphlet No. 3. AddressM. K. T. Co., 
904 Sacramauto St., Sam Fbahcisco, CALif ukma. 

Jdly 6, 1889 ] 


Jeeds, Want?, ttc. 


150,000 French Prunes on Myro- 
bolan Plum Roots. 


Large Stock of llp'e, Peach, "ricot 
and Hmond. 

Having a large stock to bud, will take orders to supply 
any kind of Apple, Pear, Peach, Apricot, Almond and 
Cherry, in doimant or June Buds or one year old trees. 

Marysville, Oal. 


Established 1853. 


French Walnuts, Home-grown Oranges and Roofed Grapevines. 

Illustrated Catalog:ue and Price List for the season of 1887-88 free to all sending for them. All Trees, Vine 
etc., guaranteed free from scale and other injurious pests. A certificate of inspection furnished to all. 
A full line of Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Shrubs, Vines and Hothouse Plants. 


J8s. A. AnderFon, 


APKIIi 1, 1889. 

I have now growing 600,000 Seedling Almonds, Peach, 
Plum, Pear, etc., started from Choicest Natural Seeds, 
and am prepared to take orders to June Bud for fall and 
winter delivery. Fruit Trees of all kinds, including 
I. X. L , Nonpareil and Ne Plua Ultra Almonds, French 
Prunes, Prune d'Ente and Japan Plums, Royal Blen- 
heim and Newcastle Early Apricots, leading varieties of 
choice Peaches. Bartlett Pears, Cherries, etc. 

Varieties guaranteed as represented. 

My nursery lands are new and produce fine growth in 
body and fibrous roots, to which my patrons all attest. 
For particulars and prices, address 


Lodl, Oal. 




Dr. Ricord's KgbTORATivg Pills, a specific tor exhausted 
vitality, physical debility, wasted forces, nervous de- 
rangements, constitutional weakness, etc., approved by 
the Academy of Medicine, Paris, and the medical celeb- 
rities of the world. Agents, J. G. STEELE & CO., 
635 market Street Palace Hotel, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 

^fSent by mall or express anywhere. Box of 50, 
$1.25; of 100, $2.00; of 200, $3.60; of .400, $6.00; prepara- 
tory pills, $2.00. 

larSmD FOR Circulars. 

Manufacturers of all kinds 
of Perfoiated Metal, Lip 
and Lip Hook Screens, 
round and slotted, or any 
other kind desired for c'eau- 
ing and seimrating grain. 

Farmers will please take 

notice thafthe metal Borecus do not clog or choke up as do 
the old wire screens heretofore in u'?e. Also manufacturers 
of Quartz Screens. Information by mail. California 
Perroratlnar Screen Co., 45 & 147 Beale St., S. F 



Crockett, Contra Costa Co., Cal. 

Stationary Engines and Boilers, 

PorlaWe Straw-Bnniiig Boilers'& Engines. 


Machinery of .\11 kinds furnished at shortest notice. 

Heald's Patent Wine-making Machinery, 

including Grape Crushers and Stemmers, Elevators, 
Wine Presses and Pumps, and all appliances used in 
Wine Cellars. Irrigating and Drainage Pumps. Heald's 
Patent Engine Governor, Etc. 

J. F. HouOHTON, President. 
J. L. N.SiiBPABD, Vice-Pres. 

CiiAS. R. Story, Seo'y. 
R.H.MAOiLL.Gen. Agt 


216 Saneome St., San Praoclsco. 

Organized in 1864. 

Losses Paid Since Organization $2,841,045 00 

Assets. January 1, 188a 843,163 70 

Capital, Paid up in Gold 300,000 00 

Net Surplus, over everything 287,531 34 


We pisiTivKLY ruRK all kinds of Rupture 
and Rectal Uiseskses, no matter of how long 
standing, in from SO to 60 days, without 
the use of rnifk, drawing blood, or de- 
tention rkOM BUsiNKSB. TermB: No Care, 
Nit Pay, and No Pay until Cured. 
It afflicted, come and see us or send stamp 
o r pamphlet. Address: 

838 Market Street, - S«d Francisco. 


Manufacturers of all kinds of 


Grape and Berry Baskets, 
Cor. Front and M Sts., SACRAMENTO. 


B. O. CLOWES, Proprietor 

(Successor to W. B. WEST), 

Stockton, Cal. 
460 ACRES. 


From Fresh, Ripe Tahiti Oranges. 

We have just received, per gchooner Ivy, a cargo of Fine Ripe Tahiti Orangf s and desire to call the attention of 
Nurserymen and all who use this Seed t ) this opi'ortunity to procure it, as this is the only seed fit to plant, as it is 
the only kind that will germinate. It will be packed in barrels as usual. Please send in your orders early so that 
we can fill them as soon as possible. 

L,. G. SRESOVICH St CO , 505 and 507 Sansome Street, San Francisco. 



No. 2. 

This powder Is the preparation specially 
recommended by Hon. J De Barth Shorb, 
Viticultural Commissioner, and Prof. Ethel - 
bert Dowlen, Fxpert employed by the State 
to investigate the mysterious Viae Distafe 
All the powder used by them in their recent 
experiments was the ONGEKTH INsEClI- 
C'luE POWDER No. 2, of which ab ut 
■:iO,000 pounds have been shipped to the 
San Gabriel Valley. 

See Official Report In Rural 
Press .April 27, 18t9. 

No preparation genuine without this 
trail e-mark. 

Manufactured by the ONGERTH 
310 & 212 Davis St.. San l< rancisco, 
to whom all orders should be addressed. 
Samples and prices submitted on applica- 
tion. Also manufacturers of the Onfferth 
Liquid Tree Protector and Ongertli 
Grafting Compound. 



1, 2, 4, 6 and 8 Horse power, $150 to $800. 

Feeds itself with oil and water. Perfectlv self-regulating and automatic through- 
out. Operated at full capacity on one-half gallon oil per horse-power per hour. No en- 
gineer required. \ our boy of 12 years can understand and operate It. Full head of 
steam in 10 minutes. Absolutely tafe and positively exempt from all accidents and 

For Pumping, Runnlne all Classes of Machinery, and for Pro- 
pelUcg Boats, Yachts, Launches, Etc. 

Can be left at work entirely unattended. No smoke, noise, dirt or odor. Fire 
formed by fine spray of oil and steam mixed, passing in an intense blast through the 

Will, unassisted, extlnaulsh their own flres at any steam pressure deeired, and, as 
pressure decreases, relight them. 

tS" Large number in use. Send for Free Catalogue, and addresses of people using them. 


628 Market Street, San Francisco. 
Mechanics' Tools and Hardware, Leading Bicycles and Tricycles, 
WorMshop Machines by Steam and Foot Power. 

S. W. Corner Kearny and Montgomery Avenue, San Francisco^ 

**"Free Coach to and from the House. J, W. BEOKER, Proprietor. 


"Greenbank" 98 degrees POWDERED CAUS- 
TIC SODA (tests 99 3-10 per cent) recommended by 
(he highest authorities in the State. Also Common 
Caustic Soda and Potash, etc., for sale by 

Manufacturers' Agents, 
104 Marfe*»t St.. and 8 California St.. R. P. 

$250 0-NUR SERY. 


One-halt interest in a general Nursery in one ct the 
best counties in the State. 100,000 Peach ami Almond 
seedlings can be budded in .June. This is a rare cliatice 
for a permanent and paying investment. Full particu- 
lars on application. Address 

Z. D., Box 2517, San Francisco, Cal. 

DEWEY & CO. {''^gi^viS.?.Y2).l^ro^t.^ } PATENT AGENTS. 


A mounted, horizontal double-ender. Size of bale, 
when in the press, 17x '2.\40 inches. Average weight ct 
bale, 220 pounds. Capacity, from 16 to 25 tons per day. 
Uses 4 men and works with 2 horses. Khquirfs no 
Trami'Ino. Puts 10 tons or over in a box car. 



Size of bale in press, 22x24x40 inches. Average weight 
of bale. 260 pounds. Capacity, from 20 to 35 tons |er 
day. Uses 5 men and works with 1 or 2 horses, at option 
o' baler. Rrquikes no Tramping. Uses rope or wire. 
Puts from 7 to 8 tons in a box car, 

Price $1000. 


BOXCAR $600 , 


^ -THE iS^CH— 3-^ 




Size of bale in press, 22x24x46 inches. Average weight 
of balei, 260 pounds. Capacity, from 16 to 25 tons per 
day. Uses 3 or 4 men, at option of baler. Works with 
1 or 2 horses. Uses rope or wire. DoRs ITS own Tramp- 
ing. Puts from 7 to 8 tons in a box car. 




Same principle as Junior Monarch, only smaller and 
heavier. Size of bale, when in press, 17x20x40 inches. 
Average weight of bale, 220 pounds. Capacity, from 12 
to 20 tons per day. Rt quires 3 men and 2 hordes. Uses 
wire only — rope will noE hold. Does its own Trampino. 
Puts 10 tons or o^ er in a box car. 

Price $600. 


Size of b.ale in press, 24x24x50 inches. Average weight 
of bale. 250 pounds. Capacity, from 10 to 18 tons per 
diy. Requires 4 mfn and 2 h'lrses. Uses rope or wire. 
Hay hat to be tiamped into the press. Puts from B to 
6J tons in a box car. 

Price $350 


size of bale in press, 26x26x!>0 inches. Average weight 
of bale. 23.) pounds. Capacity, from 10 to 15 tons per 
day. Requires 4 men and 2 horses. Uses rope or wire. 
Hay must be tramped in the press. Puts from 4i to Si 
tons in a box c^r. 

Price $250. 

The above is the finest line of Baling Presses in the 
United States. They are nearly double the capacity of 
those of other maker'*. 

tSTFor large, illustrated Catalogue of the same, ad- 
dress the 


San Leandro, Cal. 





f ^f\y\J\J storage at Lowest Rates. • <J,L/<JU 


Cal . D ry Dock Co. , props. . Office, 303 Cal. St. , roo m 18. 

Niles's new 
manual and 
r e f e re nee 
book on sub- 
] c t B con- 
necied with 

successful Poultry and Stock Raising on thePaciflc Coast 
A New Edition, over 100 pages, profusely illustrated with 
handsome, life like illustrations of the different varieties 
of Poultry and Live-Stock. Price, postpaid 60 ots, Ad- 
droiM PAOTFin RURAL PRRRS Office. S»n Prannlai^n. r«l 


are requested to be sure and notify us 
when thin pa^er is not taken from 
, , , their office. It not stopped promptly 

ItlirouKh oversight or, other mishap), do us the favor to 
wrte again. 



[JcLY 6, 1889 

We Have Discharged Our Wet Nurse, 

Can Stand Alone and Want the World for a Market. 




As shown on page 6 of our Catalogue. 

When this contract is completed we wil 
have 12 milla ia nse for the coanty. 


We would like onr Competitors to see how easily we turn it. 

f The True Way to be Successful in Business in to begin with a Gimlet and 
Increase your Capacity as your Business Orows. 

We invite our friends to call and see our plans for our new shop which we will 
build this year. 

We would like to 
erect a Windmill in 
competition with any 
Windmill Company 
now selling in this 
State, and will put up 
a reasonable sum of 
money on the result. 

We leave one-half of this page for those who once thought they had | Send in your orders early and get our Special Rate which we are 
the world by the tail. Come in beside us and let the people decide which | offering in new places. We cannot give these special prices after we 
is the best. Once we were attacked by a great overgrown, lean, larky, get agents established. 

unsightly enemy. We accepted the challenge and knocked him out in Write for our Catalogue. It contains information useful to you. Our 
the first round. I prices on Tanks are very low. 


"Writo for Oxxr I*x*icos. 

O. Box X2G. 

R. F. WILSON & CO., 345 & 347 Commerce St.. Stockton. Cal. 



I mmmmm 







® " 





^ r 



I— I f3 W 

<^ Q <S) O o 

I bD^.-J:! ?3 
.1. fl o t 

W - ri 

sz;^ o o a g 
W oS 

•rH J3 xl "t? 

Vol. XXXVIII.— No. 2. 


i $3 a Year, In Advance. 

( Single Copies, 10 Cts. 

California Pines. 

We give herewith two pictares suggestive of the pines 
of California. This noble genus of forest trees has grand 
representatives on the Pacific Coast, and they have been 
described with great care and commented upon with ap- 
preciative eloquence by Prof. J. G. Lemmon in the last 
report of the State Board of Forestry, to which we allud- 
ed at the time of its appearance last winter. 

One of the most interesting of the California pines, 
both to the botanist and to the tree-grower, is the Mon- 
terey pine {piniis [inBignis), of which an engraving is pre- 
sented herewith, and which has been produced from a 
negative obtained by Prof. Lemmoa. It is a very sym- 
metrical and beactiful specimen of its kind. The tree is 
interesting to the botanist because it was first of all Cali- 
fornia trees to receive a scientific name. 

More than a hundred years ago cones were taken from 
Monterey to the Museum of Natural History in Paris, 
and trees were grown from the seed in the Jardin dei 
Plantea. The tree had to run the gantlet of botanical 
nomenclature for almost a hundred years, but its name is 
now quite well settled as insignii the "remarkable pine," 
which fitly describes some early student's characterization 
of its features. The tree is also of especial interest to the 
botanist, because it is extremely local in its natural 
habitat, and is only found wild along a short stretch of 
the California Coast, Point Finos, on Monterey bay, be- 
ing, as Prof. Lemmon says, its headquarters. 

The Monterey pine is interesting to the tree grower, be- 
cause, though its natural home is narrow, it answers culti- 
vation well, not only along the coast, but even in the in- 
terior valleys, where conditions are quite different, and it 
is, in fact, one of the best conifers for windbreaks in the 
San Joaquin valley. 

The Monterey pine has charms also for the lover of 
sentiment aa well as for the botanistand aboricnlturist. 
Mrs. H. M. Field of San Jose recently wrote the follow- 
ing tender tribute to the pines of Monterey, which are 
falling before the march of development and population : 
" Ob, these beautiful, mournful, music-haunted pines. 

They clothe the whole long promontory with 
a garment of loveliness. Wherever they have 
been undisturbed they spring up in tall, 
straight groups, and so mingle branch with 
branch, and top with top, as to shut out the 
sunshine and almost hide the blue, over-arch- 
ing sky. But fire and tempest, and the de- 
structive ax, have thinned out their ranks un- 
til open spaces and broad vistas are the rule and 
not the exception. The ocean gleams in every 
picture and its voice rises majestically over 
every other sound, but the murmur of the 
pines may always be heard in soft antiohonal 
response. The one voice is awe-inspiring, the 
other soothing and comforting. The one crushes 
with its relentless power, the other lifts up 
with its whispers of hope and courage. The 
mighty sea winds toss the pines rudely and the 
salt spray dashes over them, but they rise 
again with undying bravery, like a dauntless 
human heart, 

" On a sunny day nothing can be more exhil- 
arating than a walk among these pines. The 
flickering shadows lying on the elastic mass of 
fallen needles which soften the path, the twit- 
ter of birds, the gentle whispering forever go- 
ing on overhead, the perfect greenness of the 
forest tints, the lovely balsamic odors, all com- 
bine to charm the saunterer; but on a gray or 
rainy day the Monterey pine is wonderfully 
sympathetic. A weird sadness seems to have 
seized upon its spirit. It sighs and moans. It 
drips slow tears upon the traveler, or upon his 
roof, and the long pennons of moss with which 
it has decked itself, wave like signals of dis- 
tress. Sometimes in moonlight the spirit of 
the pine seems cheerful, or, at least, clothed 
with tender sentiment and a silvery, smiling 
content, but on a dark, starless night, one 
would need a clear conscience, with no haunt- 
ing specters of remorse, or even of sorrow, to 
enable him to enjoy the companionship of these 
black -robed figures with uplifted hands and 
disheveled hair. Yet in storm or sunshine, by 
day or by night, no tree was ever more individ- 
ual, or more alluring, than the Monterey pine, 
" and no grove ever had greater charm than that 
which fringes the beautiful bay, whose first 
navigators, nearly 300 years ago, gazing with 
delight upon the verdure-crowned cliffy, named 
them 'Monterey,' the King's wood — a fit do- 
main indeed for a true king." 

From quite another member of the pine fam- 
ily are the cones shown in the lower engraving. 
They are infant and yearling and mature cones 
of Coulter's pine, or big cone pine (Pinua Coul- 
teri), collected by Prof. Lemmon, in the San 
Bernardino mountains, in June of last year. 
The mature cones attain immense size, being 
from 15 to 20 inches long, and weigh from 5 to 
8 pounds. The engraving shows the immensity 
of the cone and the peculiar feature of incurv- 
ing hooks, which are from IJ to 3 J inches long. 
The Coulter pine has a much larger range than 
the Monterey, and is found in localities from 
Mt. Diablo southward to San Bernardino, 


Olives at Pomona.— Alfred Wright of Po- 
mona, while making a call at the Rural office a 
few days ago, spoke of the attention that olive- 
culture is now receiving in his vicinity. Mr. 
Wright himself has 16 varieties in nursery, but 
is making a specialty of the Manzanillo, of 
which he has ten acres in orchard already, and 
intends to treble this acreage the coming 



[Jdly 13, 1889 


The Pig. 

The wide interest io this frnit will make the 
following paper, prepared by M. Deniake for the 
Fresno Expositor, acceptable to our readers in 
all parts of the State. 

Originally grown in the temperate zone of 
Western Asia, from whence, in early ages, it was 
introduced to many parts of north Africa and 
thence into Greece and Italy, it has made its 
way into and may be found now in many parts 
of our globe, between 17 and 45 degrees, north 
latitude. M. T. Varo, in his work De Be Rus- 
tiea, points it out as a useful tree to be culti- 
vated in Italy, and many ancient authors men- 
tion it in their works, as of quick growth, and 
therefore of a very delicate fiber. The north- 
ern latitudes. have a deteriorating influence up- 
on it, and hence the impossibility of its being 
grown north of 45 degrees, except in sheltered 
spots where the temperature does not fall be- 
low from 24 to 20 degrees Fahrenheit, although 
fully grown trees may sustain a lower tem- 
perature. The above explains how climate in- 
fluences that fruit, so much so that figs which 
I grew of the same variety on the plains or 
level land, and those I grew in or near the 
foothills, seemed to be of different 
varieties; and other fig-growers in this 
State have made the same experi- 
ment. I very strongly recommend its culti- 
vation near or in the foothills and other shel- 
tered places from lasting and heavy winds. It 
prefers hilly slopes exposed to the southwest, 
and the tempered air of such locations gives to 
its fruit a deliciousness of taite, and better ap- 
pearance which may rarely be attained in less 
favored localities. It does not do so well ex- 
posed to the harsh winds, dust and fog, and 
although it may be grown practically in every 
kind of soil, an abundant and regularly dis- 
tributed moisture is its principal element, it 
being impossible to obtain from it a good and 
abundant crop of fruit without this requisite. 

In some places in the lower latitudes the ex- 
cess of rain which periodically floods the soil, 
proves detrimental to the quantity and quality 
of its fruit; the plant grows too leafy, the 
foliage absorbing too much of the sap, so that in 
in some places barely any fruit is obtained 
from the trees. The tree has a splendid ap- 
pearance, with its bushy branches covered 
with dense, glossy and well-shaped, large-sized 
foliage of a bright green color, producing a 
thick shade, thus causing delight to the on- 
looker, and being more especially very wel- 
come to the traveler in the deserts of Arabia 
and Africa, who, -exhausted by long exposure 
to the scorching sun, salutes it from afar as a 
friend that will give him rest, shelter and food 
in the long-wished-for oasis. 

It is there generally intermixed with a thicket 
of another beautiful tree, the date palm. A fully 
developsd fig tree will, in some cases, afford 
ahelter to more than one hundred persons; its 
tendency, after having developed its branches, 
is to bend toward the ground, making its shade 
a very desirable one. Therefore it plays a 
prominent part in Arabian poetry and is ex- 
tolled and praised in many a national song of 
those nomadic tribes. 

Its first fruit varies in shape, size and color 
according to the variety of tree, and is many 
times induced to change by the condition of 
the climate and soil in which it is grown. 
When fresh it forms one of the best fruits of 
the countries in which it grows, but its pro- 
lific abundance is such that it yields a far 
larger quantity than can be consumed in a 
fresh state. This is dried, prepared and pack- 
ed, and sold in this condition all over the 
world, and is kept as a delicacy on those tables 
which can afford such luxuries. It cannot, in- 
deed, by the high price it oommaads, be bought 
by everybody, except in its native countries, 
where its cheapness enables even the poorer 
classes to consume it in large quantities. 

There are large districts in Turkey, Greece 
and north Africa where it forms the staple 
food during the season of its crop, and its 
solidity and nutritious qualities make it a very 
delicious and wholesome food. The ancient 
Greeks and Romans nsed to keep the dried 
frnit packed in earthern jars mixed with 
laurel leaves and fennel seeds, also piercing 
them through and stringing them on a cord so 
as to form wreaths, which were hung np or 
deposited in earthern vessels and kept for fu 
tnre nse. In the bright period of the R3man 
empire, when wealth and pride had sharpened 
the taste, the custom prevailed of selecting the 
best quality of fruit and placing in each a 
peeled almond or half a walnut, then pressing 
it into email earthern jars and pouring white 
honey over it. This custom prevails still in 
some parts of Egypt and Arabia, and is also 
applied to the date, while the practice of 
stringing them still prevails in Patras, Oala- 
matas and other districts. In many oases the 
influence of the climate and soil in which the 
tree is grown produces, you might say, a 
different variety of fruit, under those con- 
ditions, as stated above, either superior or in- 
ferior, as the case may be. Transplanting 
would produce a change for better or for 

Unfortunately, there are no technical names 
by which to distinguish them from each 
other, which would be of great utility to the 
student and grower, and facilitate bis re- 
searches and observations, especially in regard 

to the causes which in different climates and 
soils produce the difference, and varieties, as 
you might say. 

It is just possible that the regularity or 
irregularity of the contraction or expansion of 
the forces or cells o{ the plant produced by 
climatic influences, in conjunction with the 
different soils, are the leading causes for these 

In almost every country figs are named 
either from the color or shape of the fruit, or 
from the season dnring which they mature, or 
from some other trivial peculiarity which form 
the differentia ultima for distinguishing ona 
variety from another, and so there are white, 
green, brown, yellow, blue and black figs, with 
differently colored flesh. There are watery, 
drying, table, flowering, egg plant and pumpkin 
shaped figs; St. Peter and winter figs, in an 
infinite list of Arabic. Persian, Afghan, Indian, 
S^lavonian, Italian, French and Spanish names, 
the meaning of which is very easily caught by 
people conversant with these languages, and 
which in fact are nothing more than the trans- 
lation of the same word into the different lan- 
guages, or, more properly speaking, has been 
rendered in the different countries by the same 
peculiarities and aspect of the plant and its 
fruit, compelling, as it were, the various na- 
tions to name them by the same appelations in 
their respective languages. 

The fact that this plant and its fruit is so 
easily influenced by climate and soil may be one 
way to account for the absence of any botanical 
names for the principal varieties. 

None or but little care is taken of its growth 
in its native countries. There are very few 
so called fig plantations. 

In most instances the cuttings are merely 
stuck in the ground on the boundary lines of 
the numerous pieces of small properties and 
along the roads in those countries, and then 
nature undertakes the task of raising them. 

Pruning, however, is kept np carefully from 
year to year, and to it is due the size of the 
fruit more than to anything else. The beat 
manure for it is wood ashes. 

The fruit is left on the trees to dry, and is 
gathered by shaking when ready to drop. 
Then it is packed in bags and matting and 
transported to towns and cities, where it is 
made an article of trade. There it is packed 
according to the wants and requirements of the 
countries to which it is going to be exported. 

The fig culture in Fresno county has passed 
the experimental stage, like raisins, and has 
proven a success, and certainly no better in- 
vestment of capital can be made than in a fig 
orchard. The soil and climate are specially 
adapted to it. 

I would particularly call attention to the 
country in and near the foothills of the Sierras 
for a distance of 400 to 500 miles. I have sold 
a great many trees and cuttings along that line 
for several years, particularly the White 
Adriatic, principally to Placer county parties 
at Auburn, Newcastle and other adjacent 
points, as well as Oroville and Chico in Butte 
connty, and always found that figs groAvn on 
my foothill ranch as well as on the above- 
mentioned places are somewhat superior to 
those grown in less sheltered localities from 
harsh winds and fogs. Large-leafed trees and 
plants are not adapted to windy places or 

The Fresno plains and climate have proven 
themselves superior to most all other localities 
of California for perfect raisin culture. It is 
useless for any one to shut his eyes to the fact, 
and just as useless is it to shut out other facts 
which the near future will bring forth. This 
should be sacred and not trampled under foot. 

Now remember, if you transplant a given 
variety from a superior climate to an inferior 
one, the frnit will be inferior, and vice versa, or 
in other words the idea is to find the most fa- 
vored locality or climate for a given frnit, or 
the best adapted frnit for a given climate or 
locality. Local and personal pride or pre- 
judice should always be made to stand aside as 
a matter of entirely secondary importance and 
consideration. No one can afford to go wrong 
in this matter. 

Ventura Notes. 

Editors Pkess: — Ai the apricot region of 
this county is from Ventura eastward to Santa 
Paula, a distance of 16 miles, we recently took 
a drive from our little city by the sea to view 
the orchards and report their condition. We 
found some of them heavily laden with the 
golden fruit, while others will show a good 
yield of large fruit; occaaionally an orchard 
that has borne heavily in past seasons is resting. 

Most of the dryers begin operations to day. 
Fitters get 10 cents per box instead of 12^ as 
in past seasons. Many Cbinamen are employed, 
as Americans refuse to work for less wages. 
If the pitting machines being ' introduced give 
satisfaction, fewer hands will be required to 
secure the fruit crop in the future. 

We noticed in our drive immense fields of 
corn and beans extending for miles on either 
hand, and we never saw them in finer condi- 
tion. An unusual amount of fog has been our 
portion for some months past which has been a 
disadvantage to beemen, and lightened the 
crop of honey. There are several fine buildings 
being put np in different portions of the county, 
so the sound of the hammer is heard through- 
out the land. The dust on the main thorough- 
fares into the country is getting very deep. 
The roads would be the better for graveling. 

This would be expensive, perhaps, but perma- 
nent, while straw lasts but a short time, and, 
when worn, the dust from it is worse than the 
original road dust. Max. 
Ventura, July Int. 

Horticultural Entomology. 

Editors Press: — California fruit-growers 
who may have businexs with, or desire informa- 
tion from the State Entomologist, can address 
me at Hanford, Tulare county, Oal., during the 
month of July. Communications sent to this 
point the present month will receive prompt 

N. W. MoTHEEAL, State Entomologist. 


Management of Sitting Hens and Their 

I will herewith give my method, not think- 
ing it so much better than others, yet amateurs 
may find some idea useful to them. Naturally 
we sometimes come across a cranky hen with 
which the best-laid plans will gang astray, 
but I seldom have trouble with my pure-bred 
hens, and keep no others. First, when a 
quiet hen shows symptoms of broodiness and I 
wish to set her, I leave her on the laying nest 
night; meanwhile I prepare my setting-box 
made of refuse bits of lumber, size about 16 
inches square inside, 16 inches high in front, 14 
in the rear, making a slanting roof of shakes or 
matched boards to shed rain, with sliding door 
in front so as to keep out all intruders that 
wonld disturb the hen, as well as to know she 
is there tending to biz. I use soft straw for 
nests, using plenty to keep the eggs from con- 
tact with bottom board; put in the eggs and at 
dusk carefully transfer the ben to place I wish 
her to sit. If at all doubtful of her, do not let 
her off first day, but afterward let her out at 5 
o'clock every day to feed, closing door after she 
returns to her nest. When the hen has set two 
weeks, I give her a thorough dusting with 
buhaoli about half-hour before feed time; have 
an extra box prepared with new nest; while 
biddie is off transfer the eggs to new nest, 
washing all soiled ones with warm water, tak- 
ing away the old nest and burning out; the box 
is ready for use again. I set from two to four 
hens at same time, so in case of poor hatch from 
either can give chicks to two or three as 
needed. At evening of day they begin to hatch, 
or morning if they hatch dnring the night, I 
put all eggs that are slow under one hen, taking 
out all chicks (as the hen will not sit down 
close enough to the eggs to give required 
warmth, as she raises herself to accommodate 
the chicks in their moving around), giving 
chicks to the other hens, and do not disturb 
them again for about 12 hours, when they will 
be ready for a light breakfast of moist (not 
wet) bread crnmbe; later, when the sun is 
warm, I take my bottle of oil, in which is a few 
drops of oil of sassafras; take off the hen and 
rub a little on nnder side of wings and breast; 
give her a feed of grain and water; while she is 
regaling herself, take the chickens one by one, 
just touch tops of beads and nnder the throat 
with the oil, dropping them into my— I came 
near saying apron, but fear you might think I 
had adopted Chinese uniform; as wife is usually 
around at such times, I will say " our" — apron 
to keep warm till biddie is ready to resume 
charge, when I put all in coop, throwing a few 
crumbs for chicks; as hen has had a good feed, 
she will devote herself to hovering them for 
next two days, and that is about all they need, 
in that time eating very little; in two weeks I 
examine chicks' heads; if find any knots or 
lice, use the oil as before; when time for hen to 
leave them, give a dust of buhach. With such 
treatment and proper food, your broods will 
surely thrive. "Fuss and feathers 1 who is 
going to all that trouble ?" I hear some say. 
Wait a bit; it won't take you half as long to do 
this as I am in telling, or as it will to get rid of 
the vermin after they get a foothold. I have 
found, if press of other work or in absence of 
our apron I failed to use the precaution, I in- 
variably had trouble with the head louse. — O. 
J. Albee, in California CacHer. 

Home-Made Nest Eggs. 

Editors Press:— One peculiarly good feat- 
ure of yonr valuable and suggestive paper is its 
practical nature and the points, hints and 
chunks of helpfulness it not rarely distributes. 
Such has been my experience with it. 

Permit me to suggest something for the caok- 
lers. Nest eggs are useful things, but the arti- 
ficial article cannot always be obtained. They 
may easily be made, as follows: 

When using eggs for cooking, carefully break 
a small round hole in one end only, about one- 
half inch in diameter, and pour one all the con- 
tents of the egg. Then take a little plaster paris 
or Portland cement and wet it up and ponr into 
the empty shell and set upon end to dry. 
When dry, jast smooth the end a little and the 
thing is done. Plaster paris will set in a few 
minutes. G. F. G. M. 

Work on the big dam at Folsom is going for- 
ward with all possible dispatch. Engineer 
Humbert has 375 Ssate prisoners nnder his con- 

She ^lEbD. 

Traction Engine and Harvester. 

Early one morning recently we drove to the 
residence of Henry Best, about eight miles 
southwest of Ynba City, to see bis traction en- 
gine at work in the harvest field. It was draw- 
ing an 18-foot cut Best & Driver combined har- 
vester and managed it with the greatest of ease. 
The engine displaced at least 30 horses and the 
wear and tear can scarcely equal that of the 
horses or mules, harness and tools, and the 
feed, etc. The boiler is an upright, and the 
two great wheels between which it rides are 
eight feet in diameter, and the other wheel is 
forward, about five feet in diameter, about fif- 
teen inches wide, with a rim around the middle 
about two inches high which holds the wheel 
steady in line. The large wheels are about 24 
inches wide, heavily ribbed on their outer face 
to prevent slipping, as on them depends all the 
work to be performed by the entire outfit. The 
floor of the pilot-house is about seven feet from 
the ground, thus raising the eye of the pilot or 
engineer from 12 to 13 feet high, giving him the 
most complete view of the surroundings. The 
pilot-house is decked over with canvas, shelter- 
ing its occupant from the sun, but really all the 
workmen have the benefit of the shade unless 
temporarily called from their position. It 
takes five men to manage the monster — two 
with the engine, a sacksewer, one to manage 
the lever by which the cut is regulated, and one 
who is loose to oversee the machinery generally. 
One man and a team are required to draw wood 
and water. The water wagon is driven along- 
side and the huge roadster, like an elephant, 
drops bis trunk (hose) into the tank and fills 
his own reservoir therefrom while moving at 
the rate of three miles an hour. The fireman 
told us that the wood-box needed to be rr-plen- 
ished about every three miles; but it is small, 
seemingly requiring but little fuel. Cottonwood 
was being used for fuel. The smokestack is 
covered by wire gauze, through which no 
sparks can penetrate; in fact, we failed to see 
even smoke come from the smokestack. The 
fireplace is beneath the boiler, and so far back 
as to be almost out of sight. No fire is seen 
except when the door is opened for wood; no 
sparks or cinders can escape except into an un- 
derlying pan of water; hence, nothing that we 
saw indicated more danger from fire than the 
operations of a header or reaper run by horse- 
power. The machine was running in barley 
and doing the work most successfully. It is 
now rnnning in wheat, and it is a foregone con- 
clusion that it does perfect work, and the en- 
gine has the power to run a 25 foot cut with 
equal speed and care, but to do so a larger sepa- 
rator would of course be required. Henry 
Best, the owner, was not in the field, but four 
of the operators out of the five are his sons, and 
the fifth is approaching the size to make a hand. 
Alvin is pilot; Sam, fireman; Charlie, sack- 
sewer; Will, tender; and when the father is 
around he donbtless looks on and smiles. He 
is contented with much confidence that this 
traction engine is the very best ever invented; 
it obeys the helm with the greatest readiness 
and can be turned round where a two-horse 
wagon can be; it will back and fill to the touch; 
doesn't get overheated nor sore shouldered. 

One morning, after firing np the engine for 
an early start, the Best boys went to breakfast. 
While thus engaged, by some unaccountable 
means steam was turned on, and the whole oat- 
fit started on a run for the wheat-field. The 
noise gave the alarm and the boys took to their 
heels and caught the runaway after it had gone 
about 50 yards. No harm was done, and judg- 
ing from the docile manner it traversed the 
field the diy before, when we saw it, it will yet 
be turned loose to go it alone. — .Su^er County 

Bluestone and Smut. 

A Woodville correspondent of the Visalia 
Delta writes as follows : An item in your ex- 
cellent paper about the failure of blue vitriol as 
a remedy for smut in wheat constrains me to 
give my experience in that line. 

Many farmers have a haphazard way of doing 
business. They kind of guess at things. One 
man turns his wheat out on the floor and 
sprinkles vitriol over it, stirring it the while. 
Some of it the water touches, some not. Another 
man has a tank or cask, throws into the water 
a handful of vitriol and dips hastily a half-bag 
of wheat into it, not giving the vitriol time to 
dissolve or the water time to go all through the 
bag. Vitriol exposed to the air any length of 
time loses its strength and is worthless. Some- 
times the merchant keeps over, without proper 
protection, a half-barrel of vitriol; the farmer 
buys it, and of course has smutty wheat. 

My way in preparing vitriol is as follows : 
Take a five-gallon keg, put in ten pounds of 
blue vitriol, pouring over it boiling water to dis- 
solve it; fill up the keg with cold water, always 
keeping it full, and never pouring off more than 
half the water. A half-cask, with draining- 
board, to dip half-kegs of wheat in, leaving 
them in soak one-half minute. Ten pounds of 
vitriol, with the water properly saved, will 
vitriol 60 hags of wheat. In an experience of 
30 years I liave never known wheat to be 
smutty when prepared in this way with good 

Sometimes, though seldom, the volanteer 

July 13, 1889.] 

f ACIFie f^URAb f RESS. 

wheat will smat and thus gomewhat iojare the 
orop. As a rule, when frait is pat in dry, it is 
not necessary to use vitriol. Sometimes there 
are exceptions to this rule. 

I think the changing of seed is but little bene- 
fit in preventing smut. Some years ago. in an- 
other coast State, I planted a new kind of for- 
eign wheat from the Washington Agricultural 
Bureau and did not vitriol it. It came more 
than half smut. Adjoining it grew a crop of 
properly vitrioled wheat in which the seed had 
not been changed for more than a dozen years, 
and there was not a sign of smut. In my wheat 
thin year there is an occasional head of smut. 
Adjoining mine are 40 acres badly smutted, 
while adjoining that there is no smut. The 
owner claims it was all vitrioled alike. I think 
the reason lies in poor vitriol bought from the 
country store. One season I planted some 
wheat so smutty that it could not be sold. I 
treated it carefully as I have indicated and the 
crop was free from smut, while a little thrown 
in the fence corners not vitrioled, as an experi- 
ment, had very few good heads ot wheat. An 
other fact : Wheat carefully vitrioled one year, 
as a rule, will not need vitrioling the next. 
There are exceptions to this rule though. 

I have learned these facts from my own and 
the experience of those whom I know to be 
careful farmers. Careful farming always pays. 
Anything worth doing is worth doing well. 
Don't depend on hired men to do what yon 
ought to do. 

(She JStock "^af^d. 

Phil Trifton's Notes. 

Editors Press: — To have said ten years ago 
that every farmer ought to keep only pure- 
bred stock, each the best of its kind, would 
have sounded to most people like theoretical 
nonsense. There are now, however, many 
good farmers who believe in having about them 
no other than pure-bred stock. The idea that 
such animals require better feed and shelter 
than common or mixed stock amounts to noth- 
ing as an argument in favor of the latter. Good 
feed and shelter pay well in either case, but 
always best when given the best stock. 

It can hardly be said that this experience or 
belief has yet become very general among our 
farmers, and perhaps it is not best to insist 
strongly in every locality on its adoption and 
practice. Example is the best persuasive in 
matters of this kind; and good work is silently 
and surely being done by the example of the 
most successful stock-breeders and farmers in 
every part of the country. 

Wherever the farmer finds that he cannot 
afford to tend a large corn crop with a single 
horse plow, there will he also find that he can- 
not profitably keep any other than the best- 
bred stock within bis ability to buy, whether 
sheep, hogs, cattle or horses. Everything to 
its special use, and the best of its kind is fa3t 
becoming the order of the day. 

Do not ask me for a plan for a $100-hoghou8e. 
Take that amount of money and build half a 
dozen good shelters, 8x16 feet, facing the south. 
Divide each so as to make two pens, 8x8, with 
good yard attached. Locate these on different 
parts of the farm or near the feed lot, orchard or 
pasture, and you will have "better luck" at 
pig-raising than with a $100-hoghouse. 

Phil Thrifton. 

Alsike Clover. 

Editors Press: — As yet the farmers of Ore- 
gon have thought little of this clover for past- 
ure, and much less as a " bee pasture." In 
fact, the premium this country places on lazi- 
ness causes the average farmer to put off from 
day to day all experiments. In the early for- 
ties the native grasses stood four feet high on 
our vast prairie lands, and the hill of the west- 
ern part of Oregon presented one waving high- 
land of emerald wealth, while the " bunch 
grass " of Eastern Oregon seemed a never-dying 
mine of wealth. But on the forties the eighties 
have come, and with these the hills and plains 
have been surveyed, fields sown and reeown, 
and the native grasses have been almost ex- 
terminated. Oregon's natural grasses are fast 
becoming things of the past only. Less than 
ten years ago Eastern Oregon seemed an end- 
less, a vast pasture for untold herds, but the 
"settler "now claims bia own, and Nature's 
pasture lands have given place to the cereals. 
It now becomes man's business to look about 
him and plan for new pastures or cease to raise 
stock. If he follows grain raising, he becomes 

In this talk for " grasses " we hear red clover, 
timothy, orchard grass, etc., talked of, each as 
the grass. But in growing grasses, why may 
not the farmer consider a little further and pre- 
pare the sweet for his table ? It is well known 
that buckwheat makes strong honey. It is 
still farther acknowledged that alsike honey 
almost, if not quite, rivals honey made from 
white sage. On our place we sowed alsike in 
with the oats. It took well, much of it grow- 
ing a foot high, and blooming in the fall. Our 
bees gave us more and better honey than for 
years. It seems a perfectly hardy plant, is a 
perennial and adapted for pastures or hay and 
on wet or dry land. It yields a heavy bulk of 

The Raisin Industry. 

[Written for the Rural Press by J. R. F.] 
There is no pioneer Californian but looks with 
pride upon the raisin industry of this State. 
Contrasting the quality of the raisins imported 
from abroad up to, and even after, 1880 with 
those now turned out by our leading raisin- 
growers, a person can hardly realize the supe- 
riority of the latter in comparison with the 
former. A very large proportion of the im- 
ported were small in size, more or less worm- 
eaten or else sugared, and not at all desirable, 
only salable for the want of something better. 
Even the better grades then could not be 
compared with our choice, not to say fancy, 
raisins of last year, while their high price, from 
$4 and upward a box, prevented their going 
into general consumption. 

Commencing the raisin industry in this State 
17 years ago, it was not before 1873 that any 
published record of the pack of this State was 
made public. From that year up to and in- 
cluding 1884 there was a steady growth. After 
the latter year it increased quite rapidly, as 
the following statistics, based upon the best 
obtainable information, show : 
Year. Boxes. 

J873 6,000 

1874 9,000 

1875 11,000 

iS-iS 19,000 

1877 32,000 

1878 48,000 

1879 65,000 

1880 75i000 

Year. Boxes- 

1 88 1 90,000 

1882 115 000 

1883 140,000 

1884 175,000 

1885 425,000 

1886 720000 

1887 875.000 

i888 1,250,000 

The last three years' estimates are larger than 
those generally put out by writers on the in- 
dustry, but they, each and all, overlook the 
fact that large quantities of raisins are market- 
ed loose; that is, sent out of the State in bage 
or otherwise in a loose state, and of which no 
record is made. These, or at least the larger 
proportion, are the curing of small raisin -mak- 
ers, who find it more profitable to market them 
in that way than to pack them in boxes so as 
to compete, successfully, with those of the 
large curers who have every convenience to 
lessen the cost of packing in the most approved 
style for a fastidious and discriminating con- 
suming public. In 1886 quite a large quantity 
of raisins was bought in the sweat and shipped 
overland to a firm in Chicago, that packed 
them under an assumed brand. So profitable 
was the result, that one of the largest grocery- 
houses in Chicago bought here in the sweat, had 
them shipped loose, and on their arrival in that 
city packed them in most attractive boxes, with 
lithographic pictures of the highest art in that 
line over the top of the raieins. It is stated 
by those who are in position to know that the 
attractiveness of the raisins added no little to 
the reputation of California raisins. Besides 
above two mentioned houses, others engaged in 
buying loose raisins in a small way and packing 
them in Chicago. It is claimed that the best 
of skilled hands in the handling of dried fruits 
can be had there cheaper than in this State; be- 
sides, the boxes can be bought cheaper, both 
being quite an item to handlers of the fruit. 
There is no doubt but there is very strong buy- 
ing competition for raisins in the sweat, and 
large packers not growing all they want find 
that to get the best grades they have to pay 
well up. Particularly was this the case last 
year, which was faithfully recorded at the time 
in the market reports of the Rural Press. 

It is a disputed point to whom belongs the 
credit of giving the California raisin industry 
its first popular impulse. Many claim that to 
the products of B. B. Blowers and G. G. Briggs 
of Yolo county, popular attention was first at- 
tracted, while others again that to the products 
of the California Raisin Co. of Placer county 
belong the credit, while others again assert that 
the Riverside packers led off, with their exam- 
ple being speedily followed by other growers or 
packers in the southern part of the State. The 
writer is not in position to decide to whom be- 
longs the credit, and thinks that the acceptable 
way out of the disputed point is to distribute 
the honor, and let each carry off a portion, for 
there is no doubt but to all leading packers be- 
long credit in placing the industry on its high 
way to prosperity. But, however, in the order 
of their productiveness, the present importance 
of the raisin districts is as follows: Fresno, 
Riverside, Yolo and Solano, San Diego, Orange 
and Santa Ana. The following comparison, by 
districts, of the 1888 and 1885 packs is of pe- 
culiar interest in showing at a glance the in- 
orease in each in the past four years: 

1885. 1888. 
District. Boxes. R ixes. 

Riverside 110,000 280,000 

*San Bernardino county ... . 15,000 50,000 

Orange and Santa Ana 100,000 X 45 000 

+Los Angeles county 25 000 35,000 

San Diego county 10,000 75.000 

Fresno county 100,000 475,000 

Yolo and Solana counti-~s . . 50.000 220,000 
Other localities 15,000 70,000 

Total 425,000 1,250,000 

'Outside of Riverside. 

tOutside of Orange and Santa Ana. 

^Including Tustin. 

The above speaks volumes in favor of Cali- 
fornia raisins, when it is known that large as 
last year's pack was, they have gone into con- 

sumption and at good prices, too, so that the 
incoming pack will oome in on a bare and hun- 
gry market. 

There were three or four combinations ot cir- 
cumstances, outside of improved grading and 
packing, that aided in favorably introducing the 
California product in the distributive markets 
in the Central, Eastern and Southern States. 
The first and foremost was, under strong com- 
petition or opposition, overland freights were 
reduced which admitted of the raisins being 
laid down at the leading distributive centers at 
a greatly reduced price. A cholera scare in Eu- 
rope and a fear (worked up by large handlers of 
California raisins) that it could beintroduced into 
this country through the imported raisins caused 
consumers to take California. Low prices 
under large packs brought them within the 
means of a larger number of consumers, aided 
by persietRnt advertising and push of such men 
as Frank S. Johnson, then of the late firm of 
W. T. Coleman & Co. and G. W. Meade of the 
firm of G. W. Meade & Co. With the trade it 
is very generally admitted that the industry 
owes much of its prosperity to these two men, 
who have since been ably supported by others 
in the same line of trade. Referring to the 
above, I reproduce the following from an arti- 
cle written on the eubj=ct for a local paper in 
its issue of Jan, 1, 1886: "This year (1885) 
for the first time, there has been a concerted 
effort made to improve qualities, and to adopt 
a uniform system of brands, with a proper con- 
centratien of goods in the hands of a few hold- 
ers, thus doing away with needless competition. 
This effort on the part of the growers to con- 
centrate their supplies has naturally antago- 
nized many buyers, not only in the Eastern 
States, but in San Francisco, Efforts were 
made early in the year by some San Francisco 
buyers and Eastern houses to create the idea 
that the California crop was an excessive one. 
An endeavor was made to break down our mar- 
ket here to $1.50 a box for the purpose of en- 
abling a large syndicate to buy up the whole 
crop of California raisins, but this was suc- 
cessfully resisted by the combination, and by 
their agents, Wm. T. Coleman & Co. The 
fight for a time was a severe one, but owing to 
the aid given to the pool by the papers of San 
Francisco, the truth finally became known. An 
energetic effort was made about this time by 
the combination to educate the people of the 
Eastern States up to the idea that the Califor- 
nia raisins manipulated by cleanly help, free 
from cholera, or any possibilities or dangers of 
epidemics, were much better than the Spanish 
that had all these dangers. The Chronicle had 
its local articles on Spanish raisins telegraphed 
East to the New York Herald, Times, and 
other papers. This created much stir in the 
Eastern States, and these articles were exten- 
sively copied, resulting in a marked revulsion 
of feeling in favor of (California raisins over the 

A thorough knowledge of raisin-making is 
difficult to acquire. It can only be successfully 
done by careful training under the more ad- 
vanced raisin-makers who have carved out un- 
der the most adverse circumstances names that 
give their pack a superior standing in all com- 
mercial centers where California raisins are 
sold. These men by careful and systematic ex- 
periments, with what knowledge they could ob- 
tain from the best European writers on the sub- 
ject, were not content with achieving success in 
this way, and several visited Spain with the view 
of learning all that was obtainable, so as to 
bring, if possible, perfection to their calling. 
That their observations have been fruitless is 
witnessed in the superiority of last year's pack 
over any former year's, while, it is claimed, that 
there will be a still more general improvement 
this year. The packing is more even, with 
color and size more uniform. The boxes are 
made more attractive, while the lithographing 
on the papers surrounding the raisins show 
great perfection in that line. With proper cur- 
ing and packing no raisin-maker will have the 
least difficulty in placing his pack and making 
a name for his up-put that will at all times com- 
mand the highest market prices. In this he is 
assisted by the superior sweetness of the raisin 
and their keeping qualities, while the general 
run of Spanish raisins will not keep without 
sugaring for a much longer time than six months 
Those from this State will keep for over 12 
months. The growing appreciation of the 
California raisins is having an appreciable ef- 
fect upon the importation into this country of 
Malaga raisins a? the following table by alter- 
nate years show: 

California product. Malaga import. 
Yeirs. B xes. Boxes. 

1881 90,000 1,036.791 

1883 140,000 855,747 

1885 425000 625,800 

1887 875,000 452,000 

The imports in 1888 I have not at hand, but 
it is claimed that they show a falling ojf com- 
pared with the imports of 1887. 

Last year, for the first time, a consignment 
of over 2000 boxes of choice to fancy raisins 
was sent to England and an equal quantity was 
sent to Australia. Both shipments met with 
well-deserved praise. It is claimed that free 
shipments will probably be made to Australia 
the coming season, as they get there in ad- 
vance of the Spanish product, besides their 
superior quality and keeping qualities are large- 
ly in their favor. 

The trade in California raisins with the for- 
eign countries in the Pacific is steadily increas- 
ing, and promises better results in the near 

Drying Grapes. 

Editors Press:— Will some kind reader of 
the Rural give me some information in regard 
to drying grapes t What is the best drier for 
that purpose, and what about shipping them ? 

With the unfavorable outlook for the price 
of grapes this season, there will doubtless be 
many hundreds of tons dried in excess of last 
year, and the question comes up: Will the 
great abundance of dried grapes so cheapen 
them that it will pay no bettar than to sell 
them fresh ? Is there a good market East for 
dried grapes, and what is the custoirary price? 
A large and flourishing vineyard, instead of be- 
ing a bonanza in the hands of its owner, is at 
present nothing but a colossal expense. It be- 
comes necessary, therefore, for the vine-grower 
to make some change in order to realize a profit, 
or at least, keep up with his expenses.' 

There ought to be in every vine-growing sec- 
tion a co-operative dried grape association, 
with facilities for storing and shipping to vari- 
ous points, and traveling agents to make sales, 
etc. There may be in some sections, but those 
vineyardists who are remote from vine-growing 
centers labor under great difficulties to solve 
the question. What can we do with our grapes t 
Is there any drier, that will dry a_ton of grapes 
a day? 

Any information on the subject of drying 
grapes, the cost of a good drier, the cost of 
shipping, the market East, etc., will be grate- 
fully recived. M, Stafford. 

Napa Co. 

[These subjects are important, and some of 
the questions are altogether unanswerable, 
though, of course, opinions as to what the 
future will be are of interest, and should be 
given. So far, we believe, dried grapes have 
been prepared by sun heat. The low price 
which they command could hardly warrant the 
use of an evaporator, we suppose. We would 
like to have our vine-growers discuss the dried- 
grape business in all its parts. — Eds. ] 


Remedy for Foul Brood, 

Editors — From the description given 
by your correspondent W., in your issue of July 
6th, I hardly think it is a case of foul brood. 

Foal brood is a disease of the brood and does 
not seem to affect the mature bees. The caps 
of the sealed brood appear indented and pierced, 
or partly removed, and the cells contain a 
putrid, sticky coffee-colored substance (all that 
remains of the larva;) emitting a most dieagree- 
ahle stench, perceivable several feet from the 
hive. As oar friend W. does not mention this 
disagreeable odor, and moreover he says the 
brood appears to be two-thirds or fully devel- 
oped, I am inclined to think it is not foul 
brood. If, however, he discovers any of the 
above symptoms, the only remedy is to burn up 
every comb in the apiary, and this must be 
done thoroughly, taking care not to leave any 
pieces lying around on the ground, then thor- 
oughly cleanse all hives and floor boards with 
boiling water and finally spray the hives and 
bees with this solution: Salicylic acid, 1 oz.; 
borax, 1 oz.; water, 4 pints. 

This treatment compels the bees to build new 
combs entirely throughout the whole apairy. 
It is furthermore necessary that any neighbor- 
ing apiary having foul brood should be treated 
in the same manner. If the owners refuse to 
do this, they may be compelled by law (see 
page 195 in a back number of the Rural 
Press) to burn up all hives affected with this 

Foul brood is very infectious and spreads so 
rapidly that in one season a whole neighbor- 
hood may be infected with it, whilst its eradi- 
cation and subsequent prevention will require 
great perseverance and constant attention. 

There is also a comparatively new disease 
among bees known as claviceps apium, but I 
hava not yet seen or heard of a case in Califor- 
nia. This disease first originated in Denmark 
about nine years ago, and is a fungoid disease 
affecting both brood and bees. In this case the 
brood appears to be dried up in the cells, and 
althongh some of the bees hatch out, they are 
quite lame and unable to move their fore legs. 
They creep about the hive and on the ground as 
if they had the cramp and die off in great num- 
bers, and ultimately the hive becomes queen- 
less. It is a contagious disease and is supposed 
to have originated from the biaok smut or ergot 
of rye. The same treatment is necessary as for 
foul brood, using the salicylic acid solution to 
spray both hives and bees. It is also advis- 
able when handling bees having any contagious 
disease to wash the hands in water to which 
some of the salicylic acid solution has been 
added to prevent communicating the disease to 
other hives. 

I strongly advise W. to follow the plan I 
have recommended for foul brood, whether his 
disease is that or not; if it is a contagious dis- 
ease, that is the best thing he can do. I shall 
be glad to hear further particulars from W.and 
will gladly give him any further advice to assist 
him out of his trouble (if necessary). 

San Mateo. Wm, Styan, 



[July 13, 1889 


Further Grange Reading. 

In our Rural Press Ollicial Graiigc Edition, issued 
every week, will be toiin l a good deal additional to 
this department, of interest and importance to Pa- 
trons of Husbandry. Any subscriber can change free 
to that edition, who wishes to. 

Another Grange Coming. 

The names for a new Grange at Kibeeillab, 
located on the coast line of Mendocino coanty, 
hae been received with $15 for National Grange 
charter fee. We expect arrangements will soon 
be made to institute and add the new Grange 
to our California list. 

We ebould have another good one at Ukiah. 
Will not some old member take up the work of 
reorganizing Ukiah Grange as well as some 
others in Mendocino and Sonoma counties ? 

There is much encouragement now for the 
organization of new Granges, and a dozen or 
more ought to be formed between this and the 
meeting of the State Grange. Let each Grange 
in the State appoint an organizing committee to 
canvass from farm to farm, assist in reorganizing 
the old Granges in their counties and for insti- 
tuting new ones or employ and pay a good 
agent to do so. It is a good time to work now. 

Storage of Water for Irrigation. 

Mes.sks. Euitor-S:— The following is an ex- 
tract from the proceedings of the Twenty-second 
Session of the National Grange: 

The Committee on Agriculture reported as fol- 
lows: The Committee on Agriculture, to whom was 
referred the resolution of Bro. Booth, demanding 
that our members of Congress take immediate steps 
to collect and conserve the waters flowing from the 
mountains of Colorado, and preserve them for the 
use of actual settlers, have considered the same and 
recommend that it pass. AvA E. Page, 

For the Committee. 

The recommendation was concurred in. 

The Sscretary received the following com 
munication this morning bearing on the sub 
ject matter of the above legislation: 

Mr. John Trimble. Secretary of National Grange, 
Patrons of Husdandry—X>V.\v. SIR: The Senate 
has appointed a Special Committee on Irrigation 
and Arid Lands. Said Committee leave St. Paul, 
Minn., August ist, for a field tour of inquiry west of 
the one-hundredth meridian. Having been assigned 
to duty with said Committee, and by it assigned to 
the work of organizing inquiry, I have the honor to 
ask your co-operation in urging, tlirough the West- 
ern Granges, the need of obtaining data and formu- 
lating views among practical farmers for the use of 
the Committee, in the way of aidmg discussion and 
shaping legislation, on the very important questions 
involved in the storage of water and its distribution, 
and the reclamation thereby of said lands. 

The Committee seek to obtain the aid of all com- 
petent persons interested. To that end I suggest 
the propriety of the National Secretary calling the 
attention of Granges in Western Texas, Kansas, 
Nebraska and the two Dakotas, in Colorado, Ne- 
vada, California, Eastern Oregon, also in New Mex- 
ico, Arizona' Utah, Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, 
and Eastern Washington, to the fact that such com- 
mittee will hold sessions and take testimony, etc., 
between August ist and October sth in their midst. 
The press dispatches will give dates and places of 

It will be of service to the Clommittee if it could 
be furnished with a list of Granges and their loca- 
tions (P. O.'s) in the region indicated. The names 
and postoffice addresses of Grange Masters and 
Secretaries— State, Territorial and local. 

It may be necessary to communicate with them 
for the purposes of investigation. It would be a 
further favor if the list could reach me at this office 
on or before the 12th of July, Very respectfully, 

R. J. HiNTON, Irrigation Engineer. 

Department of the Interior, United States Geo- 
logical Survey, Washington. D. C, June 29, 1889. 

Direct to care of Director of the Survey. 

I -iplied as follows: 

R. J. Hinton. Esq., Irrigation Engineer, U. S. 
Geological Survey — Dear SiK: Your letter under 
date of June 29th, informing this ofFic? that "the 
Senate has appointed a special Committee on Irri- 
gation and Arid Lands," and asking the co-opera- 
tion ol the Grange in said work is received. This 
office will promptly publicise the above important 
fact, and call the attention of the members to the 
valuable suggestion in your communication. I can 
assure you, beforehand, of the hearty co-operation 
of our members in a work which the National 
Grange legislated upon at its last session. I thank 
you for your letter, and am, Faithfully yours, 

John Trimble, Secretary. 

Washington, D. C, July i, iSSg. 

No word is needed from the Secretary to 
show the importance of this work to the farm- 
ers, or to urge a hearty co-operation in the la- 
bors of the Senate Committee. Faithfully yours, 
John Trimhle, Sec. National Grange. 

Washington, D. C, July 1, 1S80. 

Attend YO0R Grange. — Important informa- 
tion will soon be sent ont confidentially in cir- 
culars to each Grange. We hope meetings will 
be resumed generally throughout the jurisdic- 
tion and be well attended. The time between 
now and the meeting of the State Grange is 
limited. There should be much work done in 
each Grange in taking in new members and 
preparing for the pleasures and duties involved 
by the coming sessions of the State and Na- 
tional Granges. 

Worthy Ma.ster Ovkrhiser has completed 
his harvest and we expect to hear from bim on 
some new Grange travels before long. 

Travels of the Worthy Lecturer. 

No. 5-Edlnburgh, Scotland. 
Mes.srs. Editor,s: — We left Glasgow on the 
11th for a circular trip to this place. We took 
train and ran down the right bank of the Clyde 
by Dambarton castle, where we bad a splendid 
view of the rear of it, and to the outlet of Looh 
Lomond, where we took a fast iron steamer 
with great power and ran most through the 
lake to a station called Inversuaid. This 
famous lake ia long and narrow, studded with 
green islands. The hills rise to a good hight, 
slope direct to the water's edge, and are green 
to the very top, with few trees and those most- 
ly planted by the owner. At Inversuaid three 
coaches take the party up a very steep hill and 
about six miles to Loch Katrine. This is a 
long, narrow lake with islands here and there. 
This lake supplies Glasgow, 40 miles away, 
with the softest and nicest kind of water, A 
tunnel is run through the mountain and water 
piped from the other side. We passed around 
and close to " Helen's island " made famous in 
the " Lady of the Lake." In passing through 
Loch Lomond, Ben Lomond is seen with his 
high peak away above all other mountains. We 
steam about '20 miles through Loch Katrine, 
and take coach again up high hills and over 
rough country, about nine miles, where we 
meet the train for Sterling and finally Edin- 
burgh. We can fairly say we have been in the 

Highlands of Scotland, 

Where we have seen the native with his high- 
land costume, thatched roof, peat fuel, half-wild 
sheep collie dog, yellow or buckskin cattle with 
long hair between their horns, and his primitive 
tools and ways. In the highlands we saw but little 
land worth cultivating. Oocasionallv a cottage 
would have a little garden patch. These high 
hills are worth more for pasture, especially 
sheep than anything else. The sheep are of 
rather an ancient breed, long wool, black heads 
and long horns. The older members of the 
Highland families speak the Gaelic lan- 
guage, and I had to listen very attentively to 
understand them in my language. I learn they 
do not have much snow, so the stock has to 
hunt their own living in the winter. 

Their coaches are a little different from ours. 
They build a box on springs that will jaetcome 
above the wheels. Across this long box they put 
four, six and seven seats that will hold five per- 
sons each. In the box under the seats the luggage 
is placed. They put on three or four strong 
horses and move quite rapidly on the splendid 
even macadamized roads. When we got down 
into the valley again it seemed more like liv- 
ing among green fields, timber land and fine 

We took cars and made one change, and then 
we went to Sterling, about .30 miles from Glas- 
gow, where we staid until 8:30 p. m. We had 
about three hours here, so we improved it by 
taking a cab and going up to 

Sterling Oastle. 
We joined forces with another party and got 
a reduction on guide charges (still an eye for 
business). The guide was a tall man with specks 
and commanding voice. He says: "Can you 
hear me? " Ejcd one repeated his maiden bow, 
and he went off on a lithographic, concentrated, 
double-jointed oration that would have killed 
all the gophers in my alfalfa field. We eaw a 
real crown that had been used, but out of fash- 
ion now, and real royal jewels. The pulpit 
from which John Knox preached, and a great 
many interesting things. Several battle-fields 
were pointed out, battles described, distin- 
guished generals killed and captured, and hun- 
dreds of things impossible for a person to re- 
member. This castle is on a high, precipitous 
pile of rook and earth, and somebody must have 
put forth a great deal of strength to raise each 
a pile of rock so high. There is food enough 
here for thought for several days. I shall read 
Scottish history with more interest than ever. 
I see now with my own eyes they have been 
and are yet a wonderful people. 

Arrived in Edinburgh at 10 p. m. Pot up at 
Waverly Hotel, Princess street. 

This place has hills and valleys and ia rather 
uneven for a city. Tuesday morning we went 
on top of Catton hill that commands a fine view 
of the city when it is not as foggy as this. It 
has a high monument to Nelson, observatory, 
two large cannon captured from the Russians 
in the Crimean war, and several other things of 

We visit Edinburgh castle, one of the most 
interesting things in the city. On a high point 
of rocks and earth, covering eleven acres of 
land, it seems impregnable to anything less 
than one of Krupp's guns. 

Ten o'clock and writing at the window with- 
out gas. 

A guide showed us around and pointed out 
the most interesting points. In fact, every- 
thing was interesting, and I could have staid a 
whole week and studied its history. It is owned 
by the Government and occupied by soldiers, 
and is kept up in good shape. I cut loose from 
the party in the afternoon, and visited the 
stock-yard, where cattle, horses, sheep and 
hogs were being sold, some at auction and some 
at private sale. Then I went to the Edinburgh 
Agricultural Association's 

Great Annual Horse Show, 
Where £500 were ofifered in prizes. Everything 
on exhibition was numbered from one up, 
and I noticed the horses numbered 307. They 
included the Olydesdale, hunters, runners, cab, 
cart and ponies. Agricultural implements were 

shown on the green turf, of a novel kind. The 
attractive feature was the leaping of hurdles by 
the hunters. An oblong circle of one-fourth of 
a mile was fenced in, and as each horse was 
called out by number he had to make two turns 
of the circle and leap six hurdles, two on one 
side, three on the other, two cloie together, and 
lact one with a ditch. The horses and riders 
did well. The horses were large, fine-bred ani- 
mals. About one-fourth — some fifteen con- 
testing — would not leap the ditch. It was 
quite pleasing to some of the older men to see 

Fox Hunters Leap tbe Hurdles. 

This fair only lasted one day, held in a city 
park of about 20 acres on green grass from six 
inches to one foot high. Admittance until one 
o'clock two shillings and six pence, after one 
o'clock one shilling. Pasteboard cards about 
eight inches square were tied on tbe animals, 
red for first and blue for second prize. 

Three or four thousand were present. Every 
one seemed happy and content. It would not 
compare favorably with one of our county ex- 
hibitions. Uolv about six head of Durham cat- 
tle, and say 20 of Ayrshire, and not of high 
breeding at that. Sheep were good, large and 
fat and mostly Southdown and Cotswold; a 
few of the highland long-wool breed. 

Some of the sheep and cattle in a frame 
put on wheels were drawn to and fro by a 
horse. Sixteen milk carts, newly painted, new 
harness, new cans all bright and shining 
exhibited for a prize. A test of milk was not 
the criterion, but the rig and best driving. A 
contest of cabs, carts ana ponies took place. A 
young lady's pony, driven by her coachman, 
took the prize and they required her to drive 
around with her coachman in livery before they 
gave her the prize. 

Cab'e Cars. 
Thursday, June 13th, we started out to take 
a ride on the cable road. Edinburgh has one 
in working order and another is being laid. 
They use no dummy, the grapple or clutch be- 
ing in either end of the car. They are double- 
decked, two pence to ride below and one penny 
on top. 

We wound around on horse-cars and on foot, 
and finally brought up at Leith, the northern 
part of the city, where the shipping is done. 
We took a small steamer with plenty of other 
tourists and went to Queen's ferry, about ten 
miles, to visit the 

Forth Bridge. 
This bridge is said to be one of the greatest 
engineering feats of the present age. As the 
steamer passed under the works, we had a 
grand view of it. This bridge is on the canti- 
lever principle, an<l has three piers in the 
water, and about 15 very high granite piers, 
part on land and part in water. It will be 
high enough for sailing vessels to pass under. 
The total length will be nearly one and a half 
miles. When I first saw it I said it was not so 
great a work as tbe Brooklyn bridge, but I 
judged too quick. A person has to look at it a 
little while before he can fully appreciate its 
mammoth dimensions. Engineers from all 
parts of the world are making special trips 
here to inspect it. I would be glad to give 
some figures about this bridge, but it would 
take an entire letter to do it justice, so I will 
say it is 150 feet above high water and the 
longest spin is 1710 feet. Steamers and a great 
many coaches run here every day, as every 
tourist is anxious to see the bridge. 

I presume some of the illustrated papers will 
contain a cut and description of it, and if so, 
do not fail to examine and read it carefully. 

We returned on a four horse coach with 30 on 
top. Fine ride through fine country and the 
best kind of road. 

Holyroad Palace. 
In the afternoon we went to Holyroad pal- 
ace. It was once occupied by Queen Mary, and 
later by Queen Victoria. Several relics and 
numerous pictures were shown us. I should have 
had a good deal of respect for the pictures if 
they had not marked them up into the dusty 
aces so far. One was painted .S30 years before 
Christ, and others A. D. 500, 600, 700. etc. 
The pictures did look old, I admit, but it was 
hard to realize their ages. Queen Mary's bed- 
room, bed, mirror and several other things were 
shown. The original building is pretty much 
in ruins. 

We took a fine ride around a high hill, on one 
side of which is a projecting point called 
Arthur's Seat. There is a splendid graded road 
around this hill for pleasure snd sight-seeing, 
and as we descended toward the city it gave us a 
fine view of the city and country that stretched 
away for miles. 

RoBSlyn Castle. 
Friday, June 14th, we took a cab and drove 
into the country about eight miles to Rosslyn 
chapel and castle, two distinct buildings about 
one-half mile apart. It is said Saint Clair built 
the chapel, or, more accurately speaking, com- 
menced it, for the original design was never 
carried out. He must have been a religions 
fanatic, with some genius and a good deal of 
money. For the size of it, in fancy stone-out- 
ting, and the symbolizing of life, death, the 
grave and eternity, it far excels anything that I 
have yet seen. 

The design when finished was intended to 
represent a cross. The chapel was to represent 
the upper or short part of the cross, and the 
main building the long part. The chapel was 
the only part finished, and I must give him 
credit for doing it well and in an artistic 

It took the guide nearly half an hour to ex- 
plain its history, and I became so interested in 
it that I would be glad to hear it again. Sev- 
eral prominent persons were buried in the 
chapel. An ancient wardrobe of fine carving, 
representing our early parents in the Garden of 
Eden and several other scenes was shown as a 
present to Saint Clair from Germany. 

The castle was formerly a ponderous mass of 
rock built on the outer point of a slope that 
runs down into a steep ravine. It was originally 
several stories high; the two lower stories be- 
ing built mostly into the hill of solid rock, look 
like caves or dungeons. Part of the old castle 
was taken down about 300 years ago and a 
more modern building erected, which is now 

The ravine has a sitaall stream of water, is 
densely wooded on either side and presents a 
wild, shady and romantic retreat for the tour- 
ists as they indulge in a basket lunch and talk 
over the castle and chapel. 

Rural Pursuits. 
We did not retnrn by the same road, so it 
gave us a good opportunity to see some of tbe 
rural life of Scotland in the lowlands. Most of 
the hauling on the farm or carting to market is 
done on the cart with their powerful Clyde 
horse. Men do the teaming, while women do 
tbe hoeing and weeding, and, I presume, gath- 
ering of crops. 

We saw several gangs of women this morn- 
ing, 10 to 14 in a gang, stretched across the 
field with their hoes and a foreman watching 
them and their work. At one farm thrashing 
was going on, and women were assisting in the 
operation. Stone- walls and hedges divide the 
field, while the ever-prcEent stone-wall fences up 
the road everywhere. Iron gates, bung to 
large stone posts, close the opening. No fruit 
trees are seen on the farms; no shade trees or 
shrubbery grow around the house. No trees 
are seen but those that have been planted, and 
the favorites seem to be beech, oak, larch and 
linden. Grass, oats, potatoes and turnips seem 
to be the favored crop of the land. 

The Scotch are thorough cultivators and 
know full well the effects of fertilizers. It 
does a person good to see the straight row of 
crops which look as though they bad been 
planted by a chalk line. Their barns are too 
small; too much bay is in the stack. They 
have no four-wheeled pleasure wagons, bat 
when they go to town or church, they pile into a 
one, two or three seated dog cart, with a strong 
horse that will take the whole family. 

The Roads. 
Every half mile or so there are square 
nitches, 6 feet in and 30 feet long, for holding 
and breaking up rock to put wherever a de- 
pression appears in the road. The roads are 
almost perfect as far as hardness and smooth- 
ness is concerned, and on one side a sidewalk 
extends miles into the country. Not a single 
ichoolhouse have I seen in the country. It 
seems educational and religious matters are at- 
tended to in tbe city. 

Edinburgh Museum. 
In the afternoon we visited the city museum, 
which is a very large building and has two or 
three galleries. 

I saw most everything there that the human 
mind is capable of devising or finding, except 
the bowsprit of Noah's ark and a Yankee 
washing machine. We were shown coin so 
ancient and formless that it looked like hot 
metal dropped into a new plowed field, taking 
form from little fissures wherever it rested. 

We regretted very much we could not spend 
an entire day — yes, two of them — in this muse- 
um, I should think this city would be a great 
treat to a scholar who is well up in art, history, 
science and mechanics. Monuments, towers, 
statuary, castles and palaces are on every 
hand. Libraries, museums, universities, col- 
leges, and schools are accessible to all. Some 
one has called this the modern Athens, or seat 
of learning of Great Britain. If this is the seat, 
what must be the head ? 

We leave for (Glasgow Saturday morning, 
and Liverpool Monday morning. The weather 
is mild and good. Our party is in tbe best of 
health and spirits, is good-natured, and we are 
enjoying every hour of the trip, storing mate- 
rial for future use. We think and speak of 
our friends every day, and when we see the 
stars and stripes mingled with the English jack, 
we feel that we have a friend near at hand. 

D. Flint. 

Edinburgh, Scotland, June 15th. 

State Granoe dues for the quarter ending 
March Slst are nearly all paid up in good shape. 
Returns are now coming in favorably for the 
quarter ending June 30th, and it is hoped every 
Grange will be heard from shortly. 

OrR CoRKE.spoN dents are a little "slack" 
again this week. Harvest being sa nearly over, 
we hope to hear of more activity from every 
section within the next week or two. Patrons, 
write for your paper. 

Bro. Thos. McConnbll and wife oontem- 
plata a visit soon to Like Tahoe. He also in- 
tends attending the Knights Templar Trien- 
nial Conclave at Waabington, D. C, in Sep- 

It is almost certain, bat not positive yet, that 
the National Grange will come to California. 

The Alabama State Grange will meet at 
Clayton, July 16th. 

July 13, 1889j 

f ACIFie F^URAb f RESS. 

San Jose Grange and Free Markets. 

The attendance at San Jose Grange, July 
6th was larger than usual. The gentleman who 
was to address them on practical co-operation 
was unavoidably called away to the disappoint- 
ment of many. 

The Committee on Co-operative Trading 
made a report which was placed on file, and it 
was directed to continue the work. 

The matter of a free market for the sale of 
agricaltnral and horticultural products by the 
farmers themselves was taken up, a movement 
in that direction having been made at the last 
meeting of the Wilows Fruit-Growers' Associa- 
tion, and a committee of three was appointed to 
act with a similar committee from the fruit- 

It was stated that such a market had been in 
operation in Oakland. 

O. J. Cressy said that the free market there 
was the outgrowth of a Grange movement and 
had been snccesaful. 

The Secretary told of an Eastern city where 
such a market was provided. One location was 
provided for fruits, dairy products and dressed 
meat, poultry and other things; another for 
hay, straw and forage, and still another for 
wood. The city provided a police officer and 
an inspector, also a weigher, and a small fee 
was exacted to cover the expense of these 

Mr. VoUmer of Los Gatos said the city of 
Milwaukee, Wis., sustained such a market, and 
it proved of great benefit. No producer was al- 
lowed to offer his produce for sale at any other 
place till after 11 o'clock, but from an early 
hour they might sell their own goods at this 
market. Not only the retail dealers, but the 
heads of families and proprietors of hotels and 
boarding-houBes, bought direct from the pro- 
ducers, to the mutual advantage of both. 

Mr. J. L. Gilman said such a system was in 
vogue at Minneapolis, only that the privilege of 
a certain location was sold to the highest bidder. 

Mrs. S. P. Sanders said that in the city of 
St. Johns, N. B., where she formerly resided, 
there was such a system, and at certain hours 
of the day farmers were present to sell their 
productions. Certain wharves also were set 
apart where coal and wood and imported prod- 
uce could be purchased direct. It proved a 
great convenience, 

Mr. Coates also spoke of the market at Min- 
neapolis, and said we needed such a one here. 
Now, if we needed a load of wood, he did not 
know where to find one direct from the for- 
est, but must go direct to the yard, and 
then there was extra hauling to pay for, to say 
nothing of the extra profit also. 

A. Vollmer read a letter explaining the op- 
eration of a co-operative store that had been in 
existence for several years. — Mercury. 

What Lawyers Cost. 

Messrs Editors: — Under this head last week 
you quoted from the Visalia Delta a trial be- 
fore the Superior Court wherein, in the case of 
stealing a clock, worth really only $1 , the county 
was put to an expense for jurors alone on the 
first day of nearly $200. Let me give you the 
sequel: The trial lasted several days, and the 
costs to the county were estimated by some to 
be nearly $700, and the jury disagreed. Whether 
the accused was released, or whether held for 
another trial, I am not informed, but I can as- 
sure you there is lots of this " funny business " 
going on all over the State. 

Another thing. One of the publishers of the 
Rural got me last year to go to settle his taxes 
on a piece of land in this county. The collector 
showed by his books that the land was included 
with other pieces in the assessment, and that in 
order to pay his tax I must pay for all the other 
"unknown owners." How it was finally settled 
I did not learn. I am reminded of this to-day 
by hearing a like complaint from an owcor of 
Tulare City lots, and I heard the same from 
other persons during the tax-paying season. 

A few months ago, among the bills allowed 
by the county super visors, was $600 for expert 
testimony by several physicians at the county- 
seat in a murder case. There were many other 
witnesses, moat of them from a long distance, 
too, who probably paid out several dollars for 
hotel and livery bills, but I did not see where 
there was anything allowed to them. They were 
farmers, laborers and common people. The 
physicians were experts, allopathic experts at 
that, every one of them. Isn't it a little queer 
that the men who were out the least time and 
nothing extra on expenses got all the pay ? I 
wonder why they don't grade the value of the 
evidence in such cases by what is paid for it. 
The testimony of other witnesses who were on 
the ground would seem " to a man in a tree " as 
important as an expert's, who could only testify 
that the wounds were of a fatal character, a fact 
already demonstrated by the man's death. 

A few years ago a man was killed by the 
Huron train, near Lamoore, by lying drunk on 
the track in the night. There was no question 
of bow he came to his death and no ground for 
suspicion of murder. But the local justice, fol- 
lowing the useless, senseless custom in such 
cases, called a coroner's jury and rendered a 
verdict of accidental death. Citizens sub- 
scribed for the purchase of a good coffin and the 
stranger was decently buried over the line into 
Fresno county and Tulare was charged with the 
inquest. A day or two later the county coroner 
and the county undertaker put in an appear- 
ance with a public coffin. A new jury was em- 
paneled, regardless of the remonstranoe of citi- 

zens. The remains were exhumed, the inquest 
sat on the corpse again, and rendered a similar 
verdict. The "jury " got gloriously drunk and 
the expenses were again charged up to the 

The joke of the Delta on the " coroner and 
public administrator " about digging up corpses 
in other counties to inquest and charging it up 
to Tulare county taxpayers, caused the indig- 
nant resignation of that vigilant official and he 
left the county. D, 

Temescal Grange. 

The meeting of Temescal Grange on the even- 
ing of July 6th was an unusually enjoyable and 
instructive one. Owing to the zest with which 
some of the members entered into the Fourth 
of July celebration, just past, the attendance 
was not as large as could have been desired; 
but what was lacking in numbers was more 
than made up in enthusiasm and determination 
to work for the good of the Order. 

The meeting was opened in ample form 
shortly after 8 o'clock, and, under the able 
direction of Worthy Master Goodenough, the 
routine business was rapidly disposed of. 

Good of the Order being reached, the Worthy 
Overseer entertained the Grange with a graphic 
description of the good time enjoyed by the 
visiting members of Temescal at the Eden 
Grange Harvest Feast, and commiserated those 
who, from the force of circumstances, were 
compelled to remain away. 

At the request of the Worthy Master, the 
Worthy Secretary, Sister Baboock, announced 
that the regular subject for discussion for this 
meeting was " Horticulture and the Preserva- 
tion of Fruit." 

Bro. Renwick opened the subject by express- 
ing gratification at the good outlook for the 
coming fruit harvest. 

The Worthy Master then entertained the 
Grange by an eloquent address on the subject 
under discassion. He thought the danger of 
overproduction was more fanciful than real; 
that all estimates of the probable production 
of the newly planted orchards and vineyards 
were much exaggerated. He stated that the 
number of neglected orchards in the State ex- 
cited surprise; that many who started in the 
business must fail through ignorance or negli- 
gence. He deplored the fact that the fancy 
processes of preparing fruit for market were 
not better understood and more practiced by 
California fruit growers; that consumers must 
go to France and other parts of Europe for that 
which might just as well be produced at home. 
In concluding, he made a strong plea for co- 
oparation; stated that he, in company with 
several other fruit-growers, had formed an as- 
sociation for the purpose of drying, shipping 
and selling their fruit together. He said that 
the individual fruit-grower could not ship his 
product to advantage, and muet take what the 
local buyer was willing to give. 

The Worthy Secretary of the State Grange 
thought that, as a movement in the direction 
of temperance reform, it would be a good plan 
for some one to make the circuit of the St»te 
and county fairs and sell the uufermented juice 
of the grape by the glass — to take a small wine- 
press and grapes and express the juice as it was 
ordered. It has been made profitable in the 
market places of large cities in the East. 

The Worthy Master indorsed the views of 
the State Secretary, and said that he was very 
fond of fresh grape juice and had always found 
it palatable, nutritious and invigorating. 

The Worthy Secretary, Sister Babcock, an- 
nounced that the subject for next month was 
"Agricultural Fairs." 

The Worthy State Secretary then made a few 
remarks on the subject of the State and Na- 
tional Granges. As the evening was well ad- 
vanced, the meeting then came to an end. O. 

Yuba City Grange. 

Messrs. Editors: — Yuba City Grange con- 
vened in regular session July 6th, with a small 
attendance, owing to the harvest being at its 
hight. The Secretary was instructed to corre- 
spond with the Secretary of the State Grange 
for information relative to " Woman's Work," 
as there was no one present who had any very 
definite idea of the subject. The resignation of 
W. M., J. B. Wilkie, was received and ac- 
cepted. He is traveling a large portion of the 
time in the interest of the Sutter Fruit Union, 
and is therefore unable to perform the duties of 
his station in the Grange, W, P. M., B, F. 
Frisbie was elected to fill the unexpired term 
of Bro. Wilkie, and was duly installed. His 
bride was present, and created a very favorable 
impression. She will be a valuable acquisition 
to our Grange circle, which has been sadly 
broken. Many members who have been kept 
away by sickness and the death of loved ones 
are coming in and taking up the work, and 
Yuba City Grange promises to be, as of old, in 
the foremost rank. S. 

An Encodraoino Visit. — On Tuesday (the 
day of the Bank Directors' meeting), the Secre- 
tary's office was vesited by Bros. I. C. Steele, 
C. J. Cressy, Thos. McConnell, Amos Adams 
and A. D. Logan, who still show an earnest and 
faithful interest in the work and welfare of the 
Order. They are not only willing, but anxious, 
to pat their shoulders to the wheel to forward 
the necessary arrangements for the location of 
the session of the National Grange in Califor- 
nia, and to make it a grand and worthy success 
in all partioalars. 

Placerville Grange. 

Messrs. Editors: — As will be seen by our 
report, we have held our own for the past 
quarter, and have added two new members. 
We hope to do better soon. 

We had a very interesting meeting July 6th, 
with quite a large attendance considering the 
time of year. The subject introduced for dis- 
cussion was " Sugar and its ruling high prices, 
and what can the Grange do to break up the 
trusts." It was suggested by one member that 
the tariff should be taken off and it would ac- 
complish the object. This point seemed to be 
pretty well sustained. 

We would like to see this question discussed 
in the columns of the Rural Press, as farmers 
are so much interested at this season of the 
year in the way of fruit-nanning. 

J. P. Allen, Sec, 

Placerville, July 6, 1889. 

Worthy Lecturer Flint is evidently hav- 
ing a lively and interesting European tour. Our 
readers owe him many thanks for his excellent 
correspondence. We hope he will continue his 
communications during his absence and also file 
away some good notes to print in our columns 
later — say after he again becomes a conimon 
(American) citizen. We have no doubt he is 
making constant observations, which he can 
better speak than write to his fellow-Patrons, 
so we shall want " The Lecturer on Wheels," 
when he returns, all over this jurisdiction and 
Oregon. Sister Flint is traveling with him, 
which strengthens our confidence that he will 
return, according to promise, in season to at- 
tend the session of the State Grange. 

Crops in Nevada Co. — Mr. J, G. Forsman 
paid the Rural a pleasant call on Friday last. 
Mr. Forsman, though not a Granger like his 
better- half, is almost persuaded, and we hope 
soon to see his name enrolled upon the register 
of Magnolia Grange. Crops of grain and hay 
are reported as extra good, the only shortage 
being in barn room; this is quite general. 
Stock is in unusually fine condition for the time 
of year. At Chicago Park, four miles from 
Mr, Forumaa's, improvements are going on 
steadily. The farmers of Nevada county are 
already preparing their exhibit for the State 
Fair, Mr. Forsman being specially interested 
and active in the work. 

It is pleasing to note that the ladies occupied 
an important position in the Watsonville cele- 
bration of the Fourth of July. Mrs. S. J. Kid- 
der delivered the oration, Mrs. E. Z. Roache 
read the poem. Miss Lou Dengler sang the 
national anthem and Miss Josie Rnache read 
that grand old document, the Declaration of 
Independence. With such womanly aids it is 
small wonder that the celebration was a success. 
By the way, three of the ladies, Mesdames 
Kidder and Riache and Miss Josie Roache are 
officers of the Watsonville Grange. This speaks 
well for the standard of intelligence maintained 
by that Order. — Rustler. 

Fraternal Visitations. — There are Granges 
in t^his jurisdiction that we think would find it 
a day well devoted if they would hold an open 
Grange meeting in some neighboring district 
where a new Grange ought to be instituted, or 
an old one revived. Prepare an order of exer- 
cises and have it published two weeks at least 
in advance in the local papers, as well as in the 
Press, and see if you cannot succeed. It will 
help your own Grange, for a change, and give 
the place visited a benefit whether you succeed 
right away or not. 

Bro. G. p. Loucks of the Executive Com- 
mittee was in town on Monday, He has re- 
cently visited Dinville Grange, which he reports 
as usual in good working order. Other Granges 
in Contra Costa county have not been as active 
lately as could be wished for. We would sug- 
gest the holding of a county conference meeting 
of Granges in Contra Costa county, believing 
that a County Council, organized on a plan of 
the County Councils in Oregon, would prove of 
much benefit. 

State Grange Program. — We would like to 
have Patrons suggest articles to place on a pro- 
posed " Order oif Exercises " for the next State 
Grange meeting. We will take the liberty of 
suggesting Worthy Lecturer Diniel Flint for 
one evening's open meeting for relating his ob- 
servations and experiences of a European tour 
and visit to the Paris Exposition. 

Arroyo Grande Grange is making good 
progress. Bro. Geo. Steele writes: " We con- 
ferred the third and fourth degrees on a class 
of nine on the 15ch ult., and had a Harvest 
Feast. We have a class of six to initiate 
July 6th. Bro. B. W. Steele visited this office 
Wednesday and informs us that a class^f 15 
will take the degrees on the 13th inst. 

We hope to report a meeting of the Board of 
Commissioners on National Grange entertain- 
ment before long. It is expected that a meet- 
ing of the Executive Committee will also be 
held soon, ^ 

Bro. J. V. Webster is very busy this month 
on the Board of Equalization of San Luis Obispo 
county and other official duties. 

liiE New York State Grange will hold a re- 
union, or Grange day, at Chautauqua, Aug. 2d. 

" Undesirable Immigrants." 

Editors Press : — Returning thanks for 
marked copy of Rural Press of June 29, 1889, 
please allow me to express my entire approval 
of your article on "Undesirable Immigrants," 
There certainly should be some Government 
control of the importation of birds and animals 
other than domestic, or those which are to be 
kept in confinement. So long as any irresponsible 
party, or parties, can import and turn loose 
whatever they choose, the farming community 
is liable to be overrun with noxious and de- 
structive pests, that a few city shootists may 
have "sport." And even if an imported "game 
bird " is not injurious, it is manifestly unfair 
legislation which compels the farmer to raise 
" game " for the city flying-shooter. There is 
nothing in it for us — to feed these Asiatic 
pheasants on berries at five cents per box and 
not be allowed by law to eat the pheasants, as 
we are doing this summer. In these very 
mongolians the Pacific Coast will repeat the 
English-sparrow experience of the East, and 
I predict that Marion county will put a price on 
their heads within six years. He is of no use 
except as a " game bird," and will crowd out 
many useful kinds, besides being destructive in 
gardens and berry grounds. 

The time is close at hand when some action 
must be taken on this coast regarding birds and 
mammals, useful and otherwise. It is an im- 
portant question. It is a pity that ttie average 
farmer was not better informed regarding it. I 
take an interest in birds, knowing the inrlis- 
pensable usefulness of certain varieties. Re- 
move the insect-eating birds and in six years the 
Pacific Coast would be an uninhabitable desert. 
The vegetable-eating insects would have de- 
voured or destroyed every green thing. The 
insect-eating birds are our best friends and most 
useful servitors, and should be cherished and 
protected accordingly. Suppose the robins and 
grosbeaks do eat your cherries and berries; 
they help to raise them and surely should not 
be grudged a little pay for their work. Be- 
sides, they give you a free concert every morn- 
ing if you are interested enough to get up and 
hear it. So, instead of shooting the birds which 
come into your fruit grounds, be a little reason- 
able. Raise enough for yourself and the birds 
too, and be thankful for the music and protec- 
tion thus afforded you. Surely none but a 
short-sighted churl would accept the protection 
with a free concert thrown in, and then shoot 
the musical protectors. 

But this mongolian is an "undesirable immi- 
grant," a gaudily painted deception and a 
fraud. Away with him. Let us apply the 
" restriction act " to him. He is no good. A 
stuffed specimen may be seen at " Free 
Thought " office. No. 504 Kearny street, S. F. 

Aumwille, Oregon. F. S. Matteson. 

Agricultoral Officers. — The Governor 
has lately made appointments as follows: D. 
F. Newton of San Luis Obispo county. Director 
of District Board of Agriculture, No. 16, vice 
E. Leedham, term expired; John E. Reynolds 
of Shasta county. Director of District Board of 
Agriculture, No. 25, vice R. Bostwick, failed 
to qualify; F. C. De Long of Marin county. Di- 
rector of State Board of Agriculture, vice Jas. 
McM. Shafter, resigned; Fred A. Antenreith of 
Siskiyou county. Director of District Board of 
Agriculture, No. 10, vice E. A. Reid, term ex- 

"Good as Wheat." — Mr, Amos Adams has 
handed us a sample of Proper wheat grown 
this year upon his Huer Huero ranch, which 
shows full heads and large, plump grains. The 
ground was plowed for the first time last fall 
and seeded in December or January. The 
whole tract embraces about 2000 acres, lying 
east of Paso Robles springs. It is expected 
that the 400 acres sown last winter will yield 
10,000 bushels or more of good milling wheat 
the present harvest. 

B. W, Tdlly, a banker of Stockton, owner 
of the Omega gold mine in Yuba county, was 
arrested June 9th by the Sheriff of Yuba county 
for contempt of court. It is alleged that TuUy 
leased his mine to Chinamen, who carried on 
hydraulic mining and w§re jailed for the offense, 
Tully sued out a writ of habeas corpus here, 
and pending his hearing was admitted to bail in 

The Seattle Fire. — With the June number 
of the West Shore (Portland, Oregon,) is issued 
a colored supplement, giving scenes in Seattle 
immediately before, during, and after the fire, 
showing the Tacoma relief tent, business tents, 
burning blocks, the train bearing the Portland 
fire engine, etc. 

Directors' Meetings. — The directors of the 
Grangers' bank held a business meeting on the 
9th inst., and the directors of the Grangers' 
Business Association met for the transaction of 
ordinary business on the following day. 

A Lighted Cigar thrown from a passing 
buggy started another fire on Roberts' island 
on Sunday, which destroyed 500 acres headed 
wheat belonging to Gusbbacker, and 175 acres 
of wheat belonging to Jose Vasquez. 

An Important Correction. — In J. R. F.'s 
article on the " Dried Fruit Industry " last 
week, the amount of sun-dried apples for 1883 
was given at 80,000 pounds. It should have 
been 800,000 pounds. 



[Jolt 13, 1889 

The Dandelions Suspend Payment. 

The gay young Dandelions had gold, 

They cast it here and there; 
On hill and dale their coins were found, 
By roadside and in planted ground; 
Their wealth of money manifold 

They squandered everywhere. 

The Dandelions grow elderly 

And penniless and gray; 
Their store of gold is spent, no doubt. 
For now white missives fly about — 
The poor old spendthrifts give, we see. 

Their promises to pay. 

The wayside and the meadow hold 

Their promissory notes. 
The banks receive them — and next spring 
The honest Dandelions will bring 
Ten thousand thousand disks of gold 

Where now the seed-drift floats. 

E. Cavazza in Portland Transcript, 

A Rhyme in Time. 

The editor of the Appeal has been handed the fol- 
lowing as a Dutchman's contribution to a local dis- 

Concerning the Marysville Slough, 
The people couldn't tell what to dough- 
Some said "pump it out,'' 
While some were in doubt 
Which would be the best course to pursough. 

Without trying to make much adough 
Let me say (b-tween me and yough). 

Just fill it up clean, 

And soon 'twill be seen, 
You have got rid of a pestilent Slough. 

A Calii'ornia Story. 

[Written for the Rural Pre's by Maudb S. Peaslek.1 

Mrs. Norton was nursiog a neighbor and bad 
left Lou to keep house. 

One bright moroing as she was flying aroond 
with dustpan and broom she found on the floor 
of an old closet a letter. With a young girl's 
natural cariosity, she picked it up and read it. 
Apparently it was one her father had received 
some time before. To her surprise, she found 
it was from her father's brother. 

" He must be my uncle," said Lou, slowly 
folding the letter up. " How funny father 
never spoke of him. I mean to ask him abont 
tbia," she went on, resolutely, as she picked up 
her broom. "If I've got relatives, I want to 
know something about them." 

So that evening she said: "Father, I've a 
letter here I want to read you." 

When she had finished, he said : "I thought 
I had destroyed that long ago. I meant to." 

" Bat, father," Loa cried, hastily, as she saw 
he meant to leave the house, " tell me some- 
thing about thin brother of yours. He must 
be my uncle — Unole Aaron. Why have you 
never spoken of him ?'' 

" Because I didn't care to," answered her 
father, shortly, shutting the door behind him 
with needless force. 

" Well, I declare," said John, who had lis 
tened in some astonishment. " Father grows 
queerer every day. I say, Lou, let me see that 
letter, will yon ? I've wanted to ask father 
many a time if he had any people in the States, 
hot I never knew just how he'd take it." 

" I know how you felt," said Lou, a little 
bitterly; " we are something like the little boy 
who said he wasn't much acquainted with 
his father. I'm glad mother is so difi'arent." 

" Nice enough letter," said John, as he laid 
it down. "I wonder why he never an- 
swered it." 

" There's no telling; maybe they had quar- 
reled years ago. "Do you know, John," she 
continued, alter a pause, " I've a good notion 
to answer it myself." 

"Weil, I'll be dished!" was John's em 
phatio, though not elegant, response. " What 
do you want to do that for ?" 

" Why, if I've any relatives there, I want to 
know something about them. Think bow nice 
it would be to have a cousin like Richard Car 

" It would be nice, but he wouldn't be teach' 
ing school here if we had each a one. Besides," 
he added, with a misohievous twinkle, " think 
what a nuisance it would be to have all the big 
girls in love with him. How do you suppose 
Jennie Carroll likes to have her cousin spend 
three evenings a week here just to teach you 

" I'm sure she oughtn't to object, for he 
offared her the same chance and she wouldn't 
accept it." 

"Well, yon see, her folks don't believe in 
first cousins marrying, so she couldn't be ex- 
pected to look at it in the same light you do; 
it's too hard work in her case for nothing. She 
would never stick to it long enoagh to make it 
of any use to her." 

" Well, I mean to do the best I can with it, 

and I am certainly very grateful to Mr. Carroll 
for what he is doing." 

" Besides enjoying the distinction of being 
the 'teacher's sweetheart,'" said John with a 
wicked little smile. 

' What nonsense yon talk I" exclaimed Loa, 
coloring warmly. " You seem to forget that I 
am only fifteen; and I'm sure if any one thinks 
Mr. Carroll is partial to me it's only yoa ridicu- 
lous boys." 

" More than ns say so," said John; "and, 
besides that, you will be sixteen next week; 
and, for my part, I'm prond the teacher likes 
you so well. He's got good taste; I'll say that 
for him." 

" Oh ! do hush, John. I hear bis step now. 
For pity's sake don't talk this way anywhere 

" Never fear, old girl; I know what's due my 
sister better than that," said John as he went 
to let Kichard Carroll in; for bis knock sounded 
at the side door. 

Lou busied herself getting out the books and 
paper for the evening's work. 

" What nonsense he talks," she thought; 
" bat I won't let it spoil my evening; I'll just 
forget all about it." 

She found it hard to be natural, though, when 
Richard came in and shook hands with her. 

He was an open, straight-forward young man, 
and always looked straight into the face of any 
one he was talking with. So he saw the bright 
color that surged over Lou's face when he 
grasped her hand. 

He wondered at it, bat, far from attribnting 
it to the right cause, fancied she bad not pre' 
pared her lesson and was nervous over it. So, 
with more than his usual kindness and patience, 
he began the evening's work. 

As Lou liked the study and was ready for a 
new lesson, her annoyance was soon forgotten. 

They worked steadily for two honrs and then 
the books were closed and laid aside. 

John bad been quietly studying all the time, 
and now put the books away and replenished 
the fire. 

" I'm glad to see yoar not neglecting your 
lessions, John," said Richard Carroll, with an 
approving smile. 

" It isn't the same as if I was in school; but 
I don't forget so much if I keep digging away 
at what I have studied." 

" That's the way, and yoa can add a little to 
it now and then, you know. How much longer 
are they going to keep the men on at the mine ?" 

" Only till the last of the month, I believe; 
for since the company was fined the last time 
they haven't dared to hydraulic again for fear 
of being informed on. You see, they don't 
know who did it before, and the same one may 
be right in our midst all the time. I think if 
the boys knew who it was, they'd tar and 
feather him," continued John, growing more 
and more excited. 

"Yes, I think they would," said Richard 
Carroll thoughtfully; "so I'm glad they don't 
know; for such things are never a credit to men 
even when they have had due provocation, 
suppose as many as possible will leave here and 
try to get work, won't they ?" 

"They'll have to. There won't be 'day's 
pay ' for any one the whole length of the Ridge. 
I'd go in a minute if I could, but I can't leave 
mother and Lou. I don't mind telling yon, Mr 
Carroll, but I couldn't talk of it to any one 
else. Father gets queerer every day. He 
hasn't done a bit of work since I left school and 
went into the mine. I have to take care of the 
garden and the rest of the place after my shift 
is done. I've been on day shift all the time, so 
have managed pretty well. I'm afraid he is 
losing bis mind, and the women mustn't be 
left alone with him. We've got a little money 
laid by, and I suppose we'll have to nse that 
when work stops. Mother has been adding to 
it little by little for years, hoping to send Lou 
and me away to school when we had learned all 
we could here; but we mustn't think of that 
now. Mother isn't strong, and we'll make her 
comfortable as long as we oan at any coat." 

" I honor you for feeling that way, John,' 
said the school-teacher, as he rose to go, "es- 
pecially as I know how anxious yon are for a 
better education, and how worthy of the best 
advantages you and Lou both are. But you'll 
lose nothing by taking care of your mother; 
she's the truest friend you've got." 

" And you're the next," cried impulsive Lou 
" Have yon time, Mr. Carroll, to read this 
letter and give me a little good advice ?" 

When she had told him the circumstance of 
her finding it, and what her father had said, he 
urged her to write to the man who was evi 
dently her nncle. 

He thought it over when he had reached 
home and felt that he had done right. 

"Poor little Mrs. Norton can't live much long 
er with that fearful cough, and the old man 
may kill himself, or wander of at any time. If 
he has any relatives, the children ought to 
know it, for they may need help when they 
least expect trouble. I havn't any idea I'll be 
here another year, else I'd look out for them a 
bit. I don't know of two more promising 
young people anywhere. Lou is going to make 
a fine woman. I shall miss her this summer 
while I am away." 

Without realizing it he had foreseen the very 
danger that was threatening the Norton family. 

Lon wrote the letter that very evening and 
laid it with her books so she would not forget 
to mail it in the morning. 

" How well you talked to Mr. Carroll, to- 
night, John, she said; I feel quite proud of you, 
for yon are usually so quiet when he is here." 

" I only said what I felt, Lon. It has made 

me feel years older to have father this way. I 
oan't understand it either; I know he doesn't 
drink, and it makes him so much worse to be 
noticed. I suppose we ought to be thankful it 
is no worse. He has been just like this ever 
since Judge Sawyer's decision against hydraulic 
mining. I know he expected to make a fortune 
out of our claim, and it is only waste ground 

" Well, it is dreadful, John; it is just mak- 
ing a desert of the Ridge. Look at the places 
all along the road to North Star. As soon as 
the work in the mines stopped every one left 
the country who could get away. I hate to look 
at the houses when I have to pass them. It 
will be just the same here at Eureka when the 
work stops." 

" Eureka ! " she said with some disgust, 
" they ought to change the name to something 
meaning ' I have lost it,' for that must be the 
sentiment of every one who has made a home 
here. How different it was on the Ridge be 
fore the Anti Debris Association began fighting 
us over the ' elickenb ' we dumped in their 
rivers ! " 

" We can't really blame them, Lon; it was 
bread and butter to them; but I wish a com- 
promise could have been effected. But there's 
no use hoping for it now, the valley folks have 
got it all in their own bands. When is mother 
coming home, Lou? " 

" Not till next week, I believe. I hope this 
is the last time she will go out nnrsing. It's 
the money she thinks of, but she isn't strong 
enough to do it." 

Soon after this Mr. Norton came in and Lou 
locked up the house. 

The very next day her father was taken ill, 
and she had to give up her school and her 
pleasant evenings with Mr. Carroll, and the 
shorthand books. As he had suggested, how 
ever, she kept up her practice by writing a let- 
ter to him every day in shorthand. He 
answered it the same evening; so she got her 
letter, or lesson as they called it, every morn 
ing. Her mother coming home sick, she was 
oondned closely at home for some time; but the 
letters still went on, and gradually became 
more purely friendly than like letters between 
teacher and pupil. 

Meanwhile an answer came to the letter Lou 
bad written to her uncle. Aaron Norton was 
dead, and another brother had answered the 
letter. Loa told her father about it one after- 
noon when be was feeling enough better to 
sit up. 

" It seems that Uncle Aaron had some 
money, father, that he wanted to leave to his 
nieces and nephews; so be had written to you 
to find out if you had any children. Uncle 
James says he divided it all up between those 
he knew of when he failed to hear from you." 

" So you and John will get none of it ? " 

" No, father, there was no mention of us in 
the will." 

"And to think that if I had held on to what 
was my own, yon each would have had at least 
fifty thousand dollars I" 

" Why, father, what did you have and why 
did you lose it ? " 

" I had a full half interest in one of the fin 
est farms near Cleveland, Ohio, and I didn't 
lose it at all; I just came away and left it. 
You see, I had a quarrel with my brother,'' 
he went on, half to himself, "and I always 
hated to own that I couldn't make the 
fortune I declared I could the morning I 
left him. I was afraid he would taunt me 
with having to come back to the farm. It is 
probably worth much more now, but I always 
thought I could make ten times its value out of 
the ledge out here." 

He was silent, and Lon eat in amazement 
She had never heard her father say so much at 
one time since she could remember. 

"I think I'll walk out in the yard a little," 
he said presently, "the sun looks warm." 

As Lou gave him his hat and cane, she said 
" Father, did you ever sign any paper giving 
up your share of the farm ? " 

"Why, no," he said, "I left the same day 
we had the quarrel, and I have never seen 
Aaron or written him a line since. So he never 
married after all, and he swore that day Lou 
Dorsey had promised to marry him. Some 
times you make me think of her, dear," and 
he laid his hand on her head and kissed her. 

She was much moved by this display of ten 
derness on her father's part, and watched him, 
as he walked slowly about the yard talking to 
the dog, who seemed overjoyed at seeing him 

Her eyes filled with tears, he looked so old 
and feeble. 

"I must tell mother about that land," she 
said aloud. " If he signed no paper, we are 
surely entitled to some of the farm. How easy 
it would all have been if only father had 
answered Uncle Aaron's letter." 

Her mother was much excited over it, as 
was John when he came from work. 

Mr. Norton had gone out of the gate in the 
early afternoon, accompanied by the faithful 
dog, saying he wanted to walk down the grade 
a little ways. They began to worry abont him 
when he did not return, and John started out 
to look for him without waiting for sapper. 

Not finding him, he came back for help, and 
soon a large party of men and boys were out 
searching for the feeble old man. 

" Surely," they said, "the dog will bring 
him safely home." 

But night came on and he was not found; 
neither did they find any trace of him the next 
day, although there was a large body of men 
searching tirelessly. All the old abandoned 
mining abafts were examined, and they had 

nearly given np all hope of ever finding even 
his body, when on the fourth day the dog came 
back thin and dejected. It was in vain to 
try to induce her to lead them where her 
master lay; she was utterly worn out and re- 

The dread that had first been present in each 
one's mind now became a firm conviction. He 
had fallen in the flume while attempting to 
cross it, and had been swept down to the river 
and on to the bay. 

Poor Mrs. Norton felt the shock even more 
keenly than did her children, because of her 
weakness. It was a long, sad summer for 
them. The beat seemed to prostrate Mrs. Nor- 
ton and keep her in a low tedious fever. 

Before Richard Carroll left for his summer 
vacation, or rather work as a book agent, he 
secured John the place of watchman at the now 
deserted mine. 

"I know he seems young to be put in such 
a position," be had said to the superintendent 
of the Milton Mining Company, " but be is 
perfectly trustworthy and the family are so sit- 
uated that they can live quite comfortably on 
the dollar a day which is all you offer. A man 
with a large family would starve on it after 
the days of plenty we have had on the Ridge. 
There are only the three of them, and with 
their cow and chickens they will do well. 
The mother is too feeble for them to think of 
making a move. I do not think she will last 

Nor did she; the first sharp winds of Novem- 
ber caused a rapid sinking, and late in the 
month Loa and John turned away from the 
grave that held the earthly remains of the last 
tie that held them to the nearly forsaken min- 
ing town of Eureka. 

Richard Carroll was teaching that fall in the 
old schoolhoQse; there was money enough ia 
the county treasury to have a good teacher one 
more year. Another year there might be no 
pupils to attend. There was even now, a piti- 
ful fourth of the number who had filled the 
desks when Lou went to school. 

To Mr. Carroll she had told her hopes of 
being entitled to enough of her Uncle's estate 
to make her independent. 

" We could think of nothing but poor mam- 
ma this summer," she said; "but she was so 
hopeful for a further education for brother and 
me. We never gave up the hope; we just let 
it rest while she was with us; each hour was 
precions even while she suffered." 

" I know," he answered gravely, " My poor 
mother died just so, but I was not with her. 
May I ask what you have thought of doing T 
Cinnnt I help you ? " 

" We hoped you would; that was mother's 
idea. She said it would do no harm to wait till 
she was gone. Nothing could help her then 
and she wanted us right with her. She felt 
very safe about our future, I know." 

"Oh, there ought to be no trouble abont 
proving your rights. Of course there will be 
some forms to be gone through with. Yoa 
must have papers proving your identity, such 
as your mother's marriage certificate, your 
own baptismal certificates, if there were any, 
and then we must have a copy of your grand- 
father's will. If, as seems to be the case, he 
left the farm to his sons Edward and Aaron, 
and they can produce no paper bearing yoar 
father's signature, your title to his portion is 
clear. They may be willing to settle it with- 
out litigation; if so yon will be at no expense 
or trouble. Would you like me to answer the 
letter you received from your Unole?" 

"Yes, indeed, if you will," Lou cried. " I'm 
sure you will know just what to say." 

And so plainly did he put the case before this 
Mr. Norton, that that gentleman himself looked 
up the necessary data, and, finding their claim 
perfectly clear and just, came out to California 
himself to take them to bis home until a settle- 
ment of the estate could be made. 

The hardest tie Lou found to break, on leav- 
ing her old home, was her friendship with Rich- 
ard Carroll. She had hoped to the last that be 
would suggest continning the shorthand letters; 
but these had stopped a short time before her 
mother's death, and, much as she dreaded sev- 
ering all connection with him, she could not 
bring herself to ask him to begin them again. 
When it was settled that they should go, he 
said one day in her presence to her brother: 
"John, yon must write t} me once in a while. 
I shall be too busy to write often, or to both of 
you, but I shall like to know you are well, and 
making good use of your time and money." 

After that she couldn't bear to speak of the 
shorthand, and he did not refer to it in any 
way, after he had written her name in the 
books they had used, and had hoped she would 
try to practice it a little, regretting that he 
would have to drop it for lack of time. 

"He doesn't care," she thought a little bitter- 
ly, " but no matter how many friends I find in 
my new borne, I shall always remember him; 
while he — he will soon forget ns both." 

But her ancle understood him better, and 
when, in the kindest way, and with infinite 
tact, he spoke regretfully of their separation, 
Richard said frankly, "Yes, sir, I feel it deep- 
ly, for beside the affection I have for them as 
once my faithful pupils, I have cherished a 
hope that I may one day ask for your niece for 
my own. She is much matured for her age, 
but after all, she is only 16, and not old 
enough to know her own mind. I would rather 
leave her free to choose for herself among those 
she may meet. With your consent and ap- 
proval, I will come or write to her at the end 
of two years, and lay my fate in her hands. I 
will be then in a better position financially to 

Jolt 13, 1889 J 

f ACIFie f^URAb p>RESS. 


offer her a home, for I could never be contented 
to be a pensioner on my wife's liberality." 

" But, my dear Mr. Carroll, suppose yon 
change in the meantime and - find some one 
more saited to your tastes ?" 

" If she is not bound to me she will know 
nothing of it," responded this philosophical 
young man; " but I do not think I am likely to 
change. I hope to be admitted to the bar in 
the spring. I have been studying for it several 
years, and if I am successful I will have no 
time for social life. I must work for my home." 

"Well, by Jove 1 young man, you area 
little different from what I was with my sweet- 
heart; I wouldn't have run the risk you are do- 

"Don't you see, Mr. Norton, that if she 
were to change, I sbonld want her to while yet 
free." And with this understanding they 

It is not part of our present story to tell how 
swiftly nor with what advantage to Lou and 
John the next two years slipped away. Once 
in about six months they received a letter from 
R'chard, and so kept informed as to his success. 

From pleasant memories of her shorthand 
lessons Lou had kept up her practice, mostly, 
it must be confessed, by reading and re-reading 
Richard's letters. Needless to say none of her 
new friends ever took his place in her heart, 
and probably because she thought he had for- 
gotten her. She was, therefore, all the more 
jsy fully surprised when, shortly after her 
eighteenth birthday, she received a letter from 

*' Why, my dear, what queer writing is this?" 
exclaimed her uncle when she brought it to 
him with a blushing face. 

" It is only shorthand, uncle dear, and I will 
read it to you, because yon must help me 
answer it." 

" No, no," he said hastily, "I won't ask to 
read your love letter. I have a letter from him 
myself and know all about it. I believe he is 
sincere and has no thought of your money." 

" Dear uncle James, for the first time I'm 
glad I'm rich." 

But her uncle, who loved her as his own, 
only said gruffly, " Well, he shant have you 
for a year," 

Cousin Ann Homesteads. 

Editors Press: — While ssated in a lawyer's 
office one day last week, waiting for John to 
transact some business, a brother farmer en- 

He made straight for the lawyer, and pro- 
pounded the following inquiry: "Can a man 
sell his farm without his wife's signature V 
Receiving an affirmative answer, he chuckled, 
" Wal, that's lucky fer me; my wife 'lowed as 
how I wouldn't sell ef she didn't sign, to make 
it legal. She sigued back in the States, be- 
cause the farm was mortgaged. She likes it 
out here in the hills, because it's home, she 
says, an' won't sign it away no how. Bat I 
think I ken do a heap better somer's else. But, 
cracky ! won't the old woman be s'prised when 
she finds herself sold out. So make out the 
deed, Mr. Lawyer." 

And the deed was made, and I pictured to 
myself, as I sat there contemplating that stu- 
pid, selfish, old man, the manner of woman 
who was to be so summarily expelled from her 
home. I saw her — an energetic, hopeful little 
body — leaving her early friends and home, and, 
at past middle age, seeking to build up a new 
home, unencumbered, in which she could spend 
her declining days in peace. Among the brown 
hills of California, miles from town, without a 
house, or bit of fence, or anything but trees 
upon the whole 160-acre tract, I saw them 
pitch their tent. Eirlyand late I saw her toil- 
ing by bis side, until their united labors evolved 
a comfortable house, and fencing, and young 
trees, and flowers, and chickens, and life was 
growing endurable again, when the scene 
changes. She is -again a wanderer and home- 
less, under the law. 

" That old lady could have homesteaded the 
l»nd," remarked the lawyer, as the farmer's re- 
ceding footfalls echoed faintly on the stairs. 
" In that case, the home could not be sold or 
mortgagfd, unless the wife joins in the con- 

" And the poor woman didn't know it," said 
I. "In her native State it seems the law is a 
protector of the ignorant as well as the in- 
formed, and here, I see, a wife can ba sold out 
of house and home, and every last thing taken 
from her unless she rushes to a lawyer as soon 
as she gets into the great State of California, 
to learn how to go to work to secure a right 
which should be secured to her — the right of 
having a home." 

And I Inoked at John, and John looked at 
me, and said it was "time to go home," 

Ah, John, there is treason in my soul, but 
you don't know it. I am going to homestead. 

Cousin Ann. 

A NEW make of scales. — Nickelby — "That's 
a strange pair of scales you have there. I 
suppose they are of the Ambuscade kind." 

Grocer — " Ambuscade ? What is that ?" 

Nickelby — "Why, they lie in weight, as it 

A " freak" in Philadelphia offers to wager 
$1,000 that he can eat fifty eggs, including 
shells, in fifty seconds. We'll wager f2,000 he 
oan't if he will permit us to select the 
— ^orristown Herald. 


A True Story, 

[Written (or the Kural Piesa by Martha T. Tyler ] 

The sunlight stole through the half-open 
shutters and fell full upon the golden locks of 
Midge, who sat in her tiny rocking-chair, lost 
in meditation; her chubby round chin half 
bnried in her dimpled hand and her rosy mouth 
puckered up into a little red knot, as if she 
were trying to solve a very difficult problem. 

She was eight years old, and the most pre- 
cocious of midges. She was tired of long 
aprons and short dresses, and pined to be a 
young lady at once, so that she might be al 
lowed to wear her dead mamma's jewelry. 

Midge did not remember her mother, and had 
never missed her, for her grandma, a lovely 
old lady, with soft black eyes and silvery hair, 
had been a devoted guardian, and the child did 
not at all realize that she was an orphan. 

Grandma was usually very indulgent to the 
little girl, but bad some old-fashioned notions 
about children and the proprieties, which Misa 
Midge, with all of her coaxing, could not alter 
in the least. She was permitted, for instance, 
to admire the contents of the treasure box up- 
stairs, to slip the pretty rings on and off her 
slender fingers, or to clasp the heavy gold 
bracelets round her wrists; but when she 
begged to retain a locket, or a pin, she was al- 
ways told that she must wait until she was 

Until she was sixteen ! Midge rocked back 
and forth impatiently on this particular after- 
noon, and thought of it. And there was Annie 
Reynolds, who was only seven, and a cry-baby, 
whose father had just given her the sweetest 
pair of blue enabled earrings, and who had 
been wearing gold hoops in her ears for ever so 
long before. Lucy Fletcher, Midge's dearest 
friend and nearest neighbor, was ten, it was 
true, but she was no taller than the ambitious 
Midge herself, and only last week Mrs. Fletch- 
er had pierced her ears ! 

Now, there were some wee gold drops set 
with rubies in the jewel case upstairs, and 
Midge believed that she would be the happiest 
girl in the world if she could put them on 
whenever and wherever she liked. She knew, 
of course, that she could not do so unless she 
had holes in her ears; but, she thought, if the 
holes were made, that grandma might be per- 
suaded to give her the coveted articles. 
- An idea suddenly occurred to her. She 
jumped up quickly, drew her sunbonnet — she 
detested sunbonnets — over her curls, and ran 
into the Fletchers' garden, where Lucy was 
amusing herself with the kitten. 

" Oh, Lucy," said Midge quite breathlessly, 
" do you think your mamma would pierce my 
ears, too ?" 

" Why, yes," answered Lucy with a dab at 
the retreating kitten, "if you are sure you'll 
make no fuss about it; it hurts." 

"Nevermind," insisted Midge, " I promise 
not to cry a bit, and I'll sit as still as a mouse. 
Let's go and ask her," and the pair hurried into 
the house hand-in-hand. 

" I don't know, dear," said Mrs. Fletcher in 
reply to Midge's inquiry; " I must consult your 

""But they're not grandma's ears," urg^d the 
young lady, dolefully, twisting a corner of her 

" Well, hardly," responded Mrs. Fletcher 
with a smile; " but we must have her permis- 

Midge left the room in a very dejected frame 
of mind. Of course grandma would say she 
must wait until she was sixteen, and that would 
put an end to the whole matter. 

There was a long pause as the two little girls 
sauntered down the garden walk, and when 
they reached the gate Midge turned away with 
an abrupt good-bye. 

" Why can't I do it myself?" she mused, as 
she hastened homeward. "Lucy has told me 
just how, and I think it must be easy. The 
pain can't be any worse than it was when grand- 
ma pulled my tooth out with a string, and I 
didn't scream then. I can get a little sweet oil 
and a cork in the kitchen, and all that I want 
besides is a needle and thread." 

Provided with the necessaries, this resolute, 
but somewhat naughty child, climbed the etairs 
leading to the attic in her grandmother's house, 
turned the key in the lock and climbed up on 
an antiquated bureau which stood in a recess 
near the window. 

" How ugly I look in the little cracked mir- 
ror 1 My face is as broad as the full moon. I 
guess grandma didn't care to look at herself 
much when she was small, or she would have 
had a better glass," thought Miss Vanity. 

She rubbed her needle and thread — a black 
thread — well with the oil, placed the cork at 
the back of her ear, and pushed the little in- 
strument of torture unflinchingly through the 
soft pink flesh. Notwithstanding her deter- 
mination to utter no sound she could not sup- 
press a faint exclamation at this stage of the 
performance, though on the whole it hurt less 
than she had supposed it would. 

When the other ear had been operated upon 
and all was over, she scrutinized herself again 
in the glass. To her dismay she found that 
one of the holes was ever so much higher than 
the other, and that the loops of black thread 
which dangled from the sides of her face hung 

' ' Perhaps it won't matter when the earrings 

are in," she reasoned, as she stepped to the 

Poor Midge ! How her ears throbbed and 
burned before the end of this memorable day; 
and as her sufferings increased she distinctly 
realized that she had done wrong, and dreaded 
discovery every time grandma's kind eyes 
sought her flushed face; it did not come, how- 
ever, until bedtime, for her curls effectually 
concealed the black loops, and the good old lady 
did not know why her pet was so unusually 
quiet. Midge was indeed very wretched. She 
feared to confess what she had done, and yet 
longed for an opportunity to do so. 

Now this was the age of nightcaps. Midge 
had many of them — cunning little affairs with 
broad strings that met in a bow under the chin. 
To night grandma called the child that she 
might tie on her cap, as she always did before 
administering a good-night kiss. 

" Grandma," cried Midge, impulsively, bend- 
ing her head to receive the dainty white cov- 
ering, " I've been a naughty girl to-day." 

" What have you done, dear?" asked patient 
grandma; "why, what have we here?" she 
continued, in a tone of astonishment, for 
Midge's locks had been brushed back smooth 
from her face and the telltale loops stood re- 

"I told you I had been naughty," sobbed 
the disconsolate culprit. 

Her grandmother was silent for a moment, 
and then she quietly took up her scissors and 
clipped the threads from the swollen ears. 
"You must let me bathe them, my dear," she 
said very gently, for she thought the wayward 
child had been sufficiently punished and that it 
would be unnecessary to scold her. 

And she was right. Midge never forgot the 
serious side of her experiment, but grandma 
herself, strange to say, always laughed heartily 
whenever the story was told. 


The Natural Diet, 

The food which is most enjoyed is the diet 
we call bread and fruit. In all my long med- 
ical career, extending over 40 years, I have 
rarely known an instance in which a child has 
not preferred fruit to animal food, I have 
many times been called upon to treat children 
for stomachic disorders, induced by pressing 
upon them animal to the exclusion of fruit 
diet, and have seen the best results occur from 
the practice of reverting to the use of fruit in 
the dietary. 

I say it without the least prejudice, as a les- 
son learned from simple experience, that the 
most natural diet for the young, after the 
natural milk diet, is fruit and whole-meal 
bread, with milk and water for drink. The de- 
sire for this same mode of sustenance is often 
continued into after years, as if the resort to 
flesh were a forced and artificial feeding, which 
required long and persistent habit to establish 
its permanency as a part of the system of every- 
day life. 

How strongly this preference taste for fruit 
over animal food prevails is shown by the sim- 
ple fact of the retention of these foods in the 
mouth. Fruit is retained to be tasted and rel 
iahed. Animal food, to use a common phrase, 
is " bolted," There is a natural desire to re- 
tain the delicious fruit for full mastication; 
there is no such desire, except in the trained 
gourmand, for the retention of animal sub- 

One further fact which I have observed — and 
that too often to discard it as a fact of great 
moment — is that when a person of mature years 
has, for a time, given up voluntarily the use of 
animal food in favor of vegetable, the sense of 
repugnance to animal food is soon so markedly 
developed that a return to it is overcome with 
the utmost difficulty. Neither is this a mere 
fancy or fad peculiar to sensitive men or over- 
sentimental women, I have been surprised to 
see it manifested in men who were the very re- 
verse of sentimental, and who were, in fact, 
quite ashamed to admit themselves guilty of 
any such weakness. I have heard those who, 
gone over from a mixed diet of animal and veg- 
etable food to pure vegetable diet, speak of feel- 
ing low under the new system, and declare that 
they must needs give it up in consequence; but 
I have found even these (without exception) de- 
clare that they infinitely preferred the simpler, 
purer, and, as it seemed to them, more natura,l 
food, plucked from the prime source of food, 
untainted by its passage through another ani- 
mal body. — Longman's Magazine. 

About Color Blindness. — Mr. Hughes re- 
lates chat while acting as assistant engineer on 
the Granton railway he frequently returned on 
one of the engines from Granton to Edinburgh. 
On these occasions he observed that, although 
his undivided attention was directed toward 
the signal lamps, the lights of which were vis- 
ible to him a long way off, he could not, till he 
was close to them, tell whether they were red or 
green. These are the two colors most com- 
monly confused, but happily, they are visible 
to the majority of color blind persons when 
strongly illuminated. Railway guards, there- 
fore, are less liable to mistakes by night than 
by day. Inability to discern any colors at all 
is very rare, and, in fact, has never been satis- 
fr-.ctorily proved. A color blind person may 
have as good a eight in other ways aa any- 

body eke. The defect is not occasioned ii 
any disease in the eye, but seems to have its 
origin in the brain. A red-green blind person 
sees only two colors on the spectrum; all the 
colors on the side of the red (warm colors) are 
confused together, and all on the side of the 
violet 'cold colors), but the warm and the cold 
are never confused. Yellow is the one color 
which is always distinguishable. It is a curi- 
ous fact that color blindness is often associated 
with a corresponding inability to distinguish 
musical sounds, — Medical Register. 

To Cure Cramp. — A physician says: When 
I have a patient who is 8ubj3ct to cramp, I al- 
ways advise him to provide himself with a 
strong cord, A long garter will do if nothing 
else is handy. When the cramp comes on take 
the cord, wind it around the leg over the place 
that is cramped, and take an end in each hand 
and give it a sharp pull, one that will hurt a 
little. Instantly the cramp will cease, and the 
sufferer can go to bed assured it will not come 
on again that night. 


Lamb's Head Curry, — Procure a lamb's 
head which has been dressed for cooking, with 
the brains which have been previously blanched. 
Put the head in a stewpau with sufficient water 
to cook it, and place it on the range where it 
will stew slowly until the meat slips off the . 
bones. Let cool, when cut into small pieces. 
Cut up two ounces of butter and a small white 
onion, and fry it to a light brown, adding one 
tablespoonful of curry powder and half a spoon- 
ful of curry paste; mix all well together with 
half a pint of rich broth, put in the meat, and 
let it stew gently for about thirty minutes. 
Stew the brains in water five minutes, after 
which chop very fine, mixing with them a go 
handful of bread crumbs, a small grate of nut- 
meg, a little chopped parsley, white pepper and 
alt, binding all together with an egg, and 
forming them into small round balls. Egg and 
bread crumb twice, and fry a very light brown. 
Serve the curry with the croquettes around 
them. Have rice boiled oriental fashion and 
served separately. 

Calf's Brains. — Wash carefully, and boil 
until tender in salted boiling water. Mash 
them into a smooth paste, seasoning with salt, 
white pepper, grated onion and chopped pars- 
ley. Moisten slightly with melted butter, then 
stiffen with cracker or bread crumbs. Add a 
well-beaten egg, and set it away on ice to be- 
come quite cold. When ready to use, form 
them into small round cakes, and fry delicately 
in hot butter. Arrange them in the center of 
a heated platter, with a border of spaghetti, 
and a tomato sauce flavored with onion poured 
around it. 

Stale Crackers — Can be made most pala- 
table by spreading them over with a little but- 
ter and placing them in the oven for a short 
time. For a luncheon dish you will find them 
particularly nice with quite a thick sprinkle of 
grated cheese over the butter, and a little salt 
and pepper, and then heated. While for a sup- 
por dish follow the former formula, placing the 
crackers when heated in a pudding-dish and 
pouring over them sufficient heated milk to 

Caution in the Use of Benzine — Aunt 
Jerusha says: " For moths, pour crude ben- 
zine over carpets, clothing, or furniture, etc. 
Pour it on liberally," A lady in an Eastern 
State tried this, closing the door to have the 
benzine more effectually do the work. One of 
the family entered the room with a lighted 
lamp, when a terrific explosion occurred, — 
Rock Maple, National City. 

Potato Salad. — Peel six large potatoes and 
boil until tender; when cold, cut up in small 
pieces ; make a dressing of the yolks of four 
bard-boiled eggs, a small quantity of salad oil, 
mustard, salt, pepper, and celery; cut up fine; 
add vinegar enough to make of the consistency 
of any salad dressing; pour over potatoes and 
let stand a few hours. Cut the whites of the 
eggs very fine and put on top. 

Fruit Pudding. — One cup each of molassea 
and milk, one teaspoonful of soda, two eggs, 
three cups of flour, one half cup of butter or 
cup of suet, one cup each of raisins, currants 
and citron, one quarter of a nutmeg, one tea- 
spoonful of salt, one great-spoonful of rose 
water; steam steady three hours, and cerve 
with hot and cold sauce, 

A Delicious Pie. — Is made by stoning and 
chopping one heaping cupful of raisins, mixing 
with them the juice and grated liod of one 
lemon, the yelks of two eggs, two tablespoon- 
fuls of water and half a cupful of sugar. Bake 
in a rather rich paste, putting the beaten whites, 
sweetened to taste, over the top. 

Graham Gems. — One egg, one cupful of 
sweet milk, one cupful of white flour, one cup- 
ful of graham flour, two teaspoonfuls of baking 
powder, one tablespoonful of melted butter, 
one tablespoonful of sugar and a little salt. 
Beat well together, warm and grease the irons, 
and bake in a quick oven. 

Strawberry Dumplings. — Make a fine paste, 
roll out about a third of an inch in thickness 
and out in squares of four inches, putting in 
each a gill of strawberries; fold over; pinch to- 
gether tightly and bake or steam them. Have 
a butter and a sugar sauce with a little lemon 


f ACIFie f^URAb i5>RESS. 

[Jdly 13, 1889 


PubUshed by DEWEY & CO. 

Office, 220 Market St., N. E. cor. Front St. ,S.F. 
er Take the JSlevater, Ao. IS Front St.-Wk 

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tog i& in advance will receive IB months' (one year and 
13 weeks) credit. For J2.00 in advance, 10 months. For 
$1.00 in advance, five months. Trial subscriptions for 
three months, paid in advance, each 60 cents. All 
ajj^onts and clerks are required to adhere to these terms. 
No new namee entered on the list without payment in 
advance Our premium oHerlnKa are subject to these 

AdvertlBlnir Rates. 

I Week. 1 Month. S Monthi. 1 Tear. 

Per Line (agate) t .26 (.60 t 1.20 $4 00 

Half Inch (1 square). . . 1.00 2.50 6.50 22.00 

One Inch 1.60 6.00 13.00 42.00 

Lar^e advertisements at favorable rates. Special or 
reading notices, legal advertisements, notices appearing 
In extraordinary type, or in particular parte of the paper, 
a ipedal rates. Four insertions are rated in a month. 

. T. DKWSY. W. B. KWER. .0. H. STROSO. 

Registered at S. F. Post OfBce as second-olass mail matter. 

Our latent forms go to press Wednesday evening, 


Saturday, July 13, 1889. 


BDITORIALS.-California Pines, 21. The Week; 
Railroad Freights; The Hamilton Fiuit Grader; More 
Glanders; Coast Fires, 28. 

ILLUSTRATIONS — Fine Specimen of Monterey 
Pine and Cones of Coulter's Pine, 21. W. C. Hamil- 
ton's Fruit Grader— A San Jose Device, 28. Scenes in 
Seattle Before and Alter the Great Fire, 29. 

HORTICULTURE.— The Fig; Ventura Notes; Hort- 
icultural Entomology, 22. 

POULTRY YARD.— Management of Sitting Hens 
and Their Broods; Homc-Made Nest Eggs, 22. 

THE FIELD.— Traction Engine and Harvester; Blue- 
stone and Smut, 23. 

THE STOCK. YARD.— Phil Thrifton's Notes; Al- 
sike Clover, 23. 

TUB VINEYARD. The Ilaisin Industry; Drying 
Grafcs, 23- 

THE APIARY.— Remedy for Foul Brood. 23. 
PATRONS OF HUbBANDKY.— Another Grange 

Coming; Storage of Water for Irriga'ion; Travels of 

the Worthv Li-cturer, 24- San Jose Orai ge and Free 

Markets; What Lawyers Cost; Yuba City G.ange; 

Placcrville Grange, 25. 
THE HOME OIROLB.— The Dandelions Suspend 

Payment; A Rhyme in Time; A California Story, 26. 

Cousin Anr Homesteads, 27. 
YOUNG I«OLK8' COLUMN.— A True Story, 27. 
GOOD HEALTH.— The Natural Diet; About Color 

BliiiUDess; To Cure Cramp, 27- 
DOMESTIC ECONOMY —Various Recipes, 27. 
QUERIES AND REPLIES. -Is It Cancer, 28. 

of Yuocaf-; Venus Klv Trap, 29. 
AGRICULTURAL NO'lES.— From the various 

counties c( California, 30, 

Business Announcements. 


Wagons— H. 0. Shaw Plow Works. 

Windmills -Sin Clair Mfg. Co., Sacramento. 

School for Young Ladies— Irving Institute. 

Mules Wanted-" Box 2258." 

Farms For Sile— S. J. stabler. 

Home and Dav School — " The Oaks," Oakland. 

Crawford English and Manual Training School, Oakland. 

Cards, Etc.— John W. Roberts. 

Van Ness Seminary Boarding and Day School. 

IS" See Advertising Columns, 

The Week. 

The lassitude usnally prevalent about the 
Fourth of July is passing away and people 
are returninf; with new zeal to the common af- 
fairs of life. Notes from the country districts 
are generally cheery, and large quantities of 
produce are being harvested and stored or for- 
warded. Produce values have rather a better 
outlook, though notable advances have not yet 
occurred, and the feeling is, as a rule, better 
than a few weeks ago. 

Interest in building up the State and mak- 
ing its claims to settlement and investment 
better known is well maintained. The meeting 
of the State Board of Trade on Tuesday of this 
week resulted in the re-election of the old 
board of officers, and this is approval of the 
energetic work which has been going on. 

It seems to be general opinion that the travel- 
ing display of California products is doing much 
good in bringing our resources and industries to 
the attention of Eastern people, and probably 
the institution will be renewed and re-equipped 
for another long cruise over Eastern railways. 
Meantime display work at home will occupy 
much attention. The fairs will soon open, and 
then there will be plenty for the Inquiring 
tourist to feast his eyes upon until the fall rains 
■tart anew the growth of grass and flowers. 

Railroad Freights. 

The present rates of freight on farmers' prod- 
uce are unquestionably high, and if the pro- 
ducers ever expect to secure lower rates, they 
will have to make an effort of some kind — 
either individually or collectively. This paper 
will do all it can, legitimately, to assist the 
farmer in securing his just rights; but all we 
can do is to show wherein the rates are ex- 
cessive, and to keep the matter before the peo- 
ple until they may take some action throngh 
petitions or otherwise. 

The Railroad Commission of California are 
now asked, by petition, to make the rate by 
carload lots on grain, hay, etc., two cents per 
ton per mile, as a hundred-mile rate, and 
from 10 to 25 per cent additional for shorter 
hauls. The farmers are now paying from 2^ 
to 3 cents per ton per mile, which is perhaps 
three times as much as is paid elsewhere for 
the same service, and the rate of two cents per 
mile may therefore be considered at least twice 
as much as elsewhere, and should be quite snifi 
cient on a nearly level grade, like the Sonth 
em Pacific Company's road via San Jose. 

The rate on wheat from Chicago to New 
York is 20 cents per bushel, or $6.66 per ton, 
and, calling the distance 1000 miles, is two- 
thirds of a cent per ton per mile, which in cou' 
trast with our Oalifornia rates looks very 
cheap. On canned goods from here to Chicago, 
about 2000 miles, the rate is §20 per ton, or 
just one cent per ton per mile. Sugar, and per 
haps some other goods, are taken at maoh less 
rates. The average rate of the whole United 
States for high and low class goods — long and 
short hauls — by the carload, as well as single 
packages, being only about one cent per ton 
per mile. We can see very clearly that a rate 
of 2^ to 3 cents on carload lota of low-class 
goods is entirely too much. 

Present rates will probably not be changed, 
unless those most interested will demand it in 
some positive way that will challenge attention 
The matter of fixing rates on the Southern 
Pacific (Coast division) is now being beard by 
the Railroad Commission, and they will prob' 
ably decide the matter about the first of August 
next, so that any farmers, merchants, or other 
business men having any complaint to make 
can send their petitions, letters, or postals to 
the board before that time and ask for a meet 
ing, if they choose, to come forward personally 
or by committees, attorney, or otherwise, in 
order to fully present their cases. 

The commission merchants of this city wonid 
do the farmers a good service in collecting data 
in relation to freighting elsewhere — to show 
that their clients are really suffering from ex 
orbitant charges that should not be main 
tained. In fact it is the duty of the merchant, 
whose living comes directly from the farmer, to 
protect his employer in every legitimate way 
from overcharges and loss of every kind and 
nature. Should the 200 or more members of 
the Produce Exchange, who are almost solely 
engaged in handling the farmers' produce, look 
into the matter of freights and move as a body 
in the interest of the farmer, they could accom 
plish far more than the farmer can himself, and 
as it is plainly their duty to act, the farmer can 
have no hesitation in calling upon them for 
protection to his interests. Any suggestion to 
us as to our line of duty in this important mat 
ter will be thankfully received and given im 
mediate attention. 

habitants, and railroads run out from it in a 
dozen directions. 

Here, in the midst of beautiful grounds, over 
40 acres in extent, in a building with a floor 
space of 83,000 square feet, there will be exhib- 
ited railway rolling stock and railway appli- 
ances, electric light, power, and other electrical 
devices, and all kinds of machinery, imple- 
ments, etc. 

And now, to show how substantial is the 
management's recognition of the farming inter- 
est, let us take a few lines from their printed 
letter: " It has been urged by those respon- 
sible for the financial success of expositions, 
that unless the horse jockey had a chance at a 
purse of thousands of dollars, while the farmer 
competed for premiums of from 50 cents to $5, 
that the exposition could not be sustained. 
The New Era Exposition will try the experi- 
ment of reversing the order of things, relying 
on the agriculturists (who have hitherto loudly 
and justly complained) for an appreciation of 
efforts and a hearty co-operation." 

Special premiums are offered at this exposi- 
tion, as follows : Best dozen ears of corn, 
plaited together in one bunch with the shuck, 
$500; second best, $250; third best, $125, etc. 
For the best agricultural display, by county or 
by organization within a county, $1000; second 
best, $500; third best, $250. 

Large premiums will be offered for all prod, 
uote of the farm, including fruit, live stock, 
bees, poultry, etc. The list and rules govern- 
ing exhibits will be mailed on application. 

The Rural gratefully acknowledges the 
courtesy tendered by the management of the 
Exposition, and cordially wishes them all pos- 
sible success. 

Justice to the Farm. 

It was a day of cheer for the farmer and his 
friends, when, a few months since, the head of 
the Agricultural Department was called to a 
seat in the President's Cabinet, It is gratify 
ing to note another sign of the growing sense of 
what is due the agriculturists in a circular is 
sued by the managers of the " New Era ExpO' 
sition," which is to be held at St. Joseph, Mo, 
next September. 

The association which has projected this 
vast industrial fair claims to have a capital 
stock of $1,000,000, and local millionaires for 
its incorporators. "St, Jo" is nearly in the 
center of the United States, lying midway be 
tween Boston and San Francisco, and about as 
far from the British possessions on the north 
as from Galveston southward. It is the very 
heart of a bnsy and prosperous region, having a 
population of 4,000,000 souls within a radius of 
200 miles. The city itself nambers 75,000 in 

proper receptacles, and the grading is accom- 

The machine in the engraving has a length of 
frame of feet and 6 inches, and the screen 
platform or inclined plane is 14 feet long. It 
is evidently a machine of great capacity and 
speed, and is adapted for use both with green 
and dried fruits. Leading prune-growers of 
San Jose are now using this machine, and it 
seems to commend itself to the attention of 
fruit-growers, packers and driers. 

More Glanders. 

Oakland papers report the finding of three 
glandered horses on Blair's dairy ranch and 
their condemnation by Veterinary Surgeon 
Stimpson, who notified the Health Officer. The 
dairyman, however, did not kill the animals, 
but secreted the two worst cases in a stable at 
Golden Gate, while he sold the third to another 
dairyman in Pleasant V^alley, 

By reason of the late legislative botching, re- 
ferred to in the Rural of April 20th, it is no 
longer ai^ainst the law to sell glandered beasts 
within the limits of California, so long as one 
does not import them from outside; but still 
any owner or person having charge of an ani- 
mal known to have glanders or farcy, who re- 
fuses or omits to kill such animal, therein com- 
mits a crime against the public health, and 
(according to Sec. 401 of the Penal Code) is 
guilty of a misdemeanor. The recklessness or 
cupidity that will imperil not merely other 
people's live-stock but human life itself, by 
keeping or selling creatures infected with this 
virulent contagion, should be dealt with sum- 
marily, and we hope the Alameda county au- 
thorities will follow up the matter sharply. 

The Hamilton Fruit Grader. 

We have already alluded to the growing in- 
terest in devices for fruit grading, because of 
the more general recognition of classifying 
fruits according to size for nearly all avenues of 
disposition. The canner insists on acceptable 

Queries ajjd J^eplies. 

• Is It Cancer? 

Editors Press:— One of our mares has a sore, 
red- looking spot, about the size of a half-dollar 
piece, on her tongue. The spot has been there for 
three months. '1 lie mare eats well and seems to be 
in good health with this exception. Can any one 
tell me what is the trouble and how to cure it ? Am 
afraid it is cancer, but it is not spreading. Would 


size. The fresh-fruit market gives its best re- 
turns to a producer who ships straight uniform 
fruit, either as firsts or seconds, and dried fruit 
has been found to sell far better when properly 
graded either before or after drying. The re- 
sult of this experience of our growers naturally 
creates a demand for graders which inventors 
are quick to minister to, and a number of de- 
vices are now being perfected by Californians, 
of which more may be given from time to time 
in the Rural. 

On this page is a perspective view of Ham- 
ilton's fruit grader, which has been in success- 
ful use in the San Jose district, but which in 
the form shown has improvements but recently 
added by the inventor, W. C. Hamilton. Mr. 
Hamilton builds his own machines, and has a 
factory for that purpose on the Alameda, be- 
tween Autumn and Montgomery streets, San 
Jose. The engraving gives a good idea of the 
apparatus. Its most obvious features are an in- 
clined platform with apertures of different 
sizes, through which the fruit drops on 
its way, according to its size. This platform 
is shaken gently back and forward by means of 
a gearing turned by a hand-crank or by a belt 
from an engine, and the same power that 
shakes the platform also runs the fan, which is 
seen in the cylinder on top of the machine. 
From this fan a strong blast of air is thrown 
upon the fruit as it is poured into the machine, 
and drives before it dust, leaves, eto. The fruit 
falls first upon a slatted bottom, through which 
impurities too heavy for the fan drop, and then 
it runs out upon the screens. The different- 
sized openings allow fruit of proper size to drop 
upon the inclined receivers below, each of which 
hu a gate through which the fruit falU into 

be against that theory. — Slony Creek Ranch, Colusa 

Editors Pres.s: — Your description of the dis- 
eased condition of the tongue is too ambiguous 
for me to accurately diagnose the case. Cancer, 
in the form of squamous epithelioma, has a fa- 
vorite seat in the tongue. It is nearly always 
situated on one side of the organ, and is dis- 
tinguished by its softness and tendency to 
seedy disintegration. On removal it returns, 
and the interval between removal and return 
grows shorter each time until the entire tongue 
is destroyed. 

ScirrhoB cancer commences as a firm, incom- 
pressible knob on the edge of the organ. Symp- 
toms are: soreness, salivation, ulceration, hem- 
orrhage, infiltration of absorbent glands. 

Cancer alivays eats away and penetrates; it 
has a bloody and scanty discharge; the glands 
in the neighborhood swell and inflame, and the 
fetor is characteristic and exceeding offensive. 

If you will please be more explicit in describ- 
ing the symptoms I will endeavor to diagnose 
the trouble and advise as to treatment. — A. E, 
BrzARD, Veterinary Surgeon, 11 Seventh St., 
S. F. 

Deer as Trespassers. 

Editors Press: — I have an orchard of young 
apple trees in the foothills of the Gavilan mountain 
range near this place, and the deer come in and eat 
the tops of them and strip them of the young leaves. 
Is there anything I can put on them that will keep 
the deer away, and at the same time not injure or 
kill the trees? If so, how has it to be applied, and 
how olten to be effective? — C. S. S., Salinas. 

Who can tell ? How would a decoction of 
aloes or of quassia chips sprinkled on, as is 
often commended to make trees distasteful to 
hares, act on the appetite of the deer ? 

StufflDK Birds, l£tc. 

If the seeker for instructions as to preserving 
and stuffing skins of birds and animals («ho 
omitted to date or sign the note of inquiry) will 
send us name and address, with 15 cents in 
postage stamps, we will mail him, or her, " The 
Taxidermist's Manaal," a little book of 64 
pages, with cats, devoted to jast that sort of 

JuLT 13, 1889.] 



Seattle— Before and After the Fire. 

We give on this page a series of views in 
connection with the late disastrous fire at 
Seattle, from original photographs by Boyd 
of that city. The first is a view of the city 
before it was visited by the recent calamity, 
which shows that it well deserves the title of 

maites. This was all forgotten, however, in 
the overwhelming -calamity which has be- 
fallen Seattle, and all envious thoughts of 
rivalry were obliterated by that sympathy 
for the unfortunate — that " touch of nature'' 
which "makes the whole world kin" and is a re- 
deeming feature in a generally selfish world. 
Our third oicture is of the ruins of the 

absolute ruin to so many worthy and enter- 
prising citizens, that the people of Seattle 
are already at work with characteristic 
American energy rebuilding the desolate 
places of their ruined city. 

Secrktary Proctor rarely goes to the 
trouble of using a pen when he signs his 

The Propagation of Yuccas. 

An exchange gives the following methods of 
propagating these useful decorative plants: 
" Most of the herbaceous species yield seed 
which, if sown as soon as ripe in slight heat, will 
make good plants, but the variegated forms of 
Yucea filameniosa and T. aloifolia must be pro- 
pagated by cuttings. An English method is to 
take fleshy roots from outside plants in the fall, 
put them in boxes of sandy soil and give them 
some protection, when they will in the spring 
start into growth. When the plants are in pots 
the dormant eyes usually come out to the sides 
of the pots, from which they can be readily 
removed by using a knife, after which they 
should be potted. When transplanting is done 
many dormant eyes can be taken off and start- 
ed as well as some of the roots. When Yucca 
aloifolia inclines to run up with a naked stem 
it can be cut into six-inch lengihB, and treated 

Queen City of the Sound. Its location is an 
ideal one, bothcommercially and esthetically. 
Situate on Puget Sound, which has been 
aptly styled the Mediterranean of the Pacific. 

A writer recently portrayed the city as fol- 
lows: " With a deep water-front, it is already 
the commercial center of a large and growing 
trade, which, however, is merely the sugges- 
tion of what it will be in the future; while 
its situation in relation to the surrounding 
country insure its becoming the metropolis 
of a large and densely populated district. 
A brief summary of the city, gives its popu- 
lation at about 25,000. It has five large and 
costly public schools, a university, two col- 
leges, an academy for young ladies, besides 
several private schools. Its religious needs 
are provided for by twenty churches of all de- 
nominations. It has three national and 
several private banks, three hospitals and an 
orphan's home. It supports four daily, and 
several weekly journals, and is a teeming 
hive of industry where all kinds and con- 
ditions of men may find congenial occu- 

Our second illustration is relief tents 
supplied by the people of Tacoma after 
the fire at Seattle, for the purpose of rendering 
aid for the sufferers. Their city is also favor- 
ably located on the Sound, and has some- 
times been regarded as a rival of its more 
prosperous but unfortunate neighbor, whose 
enterprise and growth have been regarded 
at times with no little jealousy by the Taco- 


Puget Sound National bank in the Occidental 
hotel block after the fire had done its de- 
structive work. This is but one of a number 
of similar views taken by the artist, showing 
the devastation left in the track of the de- 
vouring element. The better part of 
Chicago was wiped out by the upsetting of 
a coal-oil lamp. The igniting of a pot of glue 
involved the destruction of buildings cover- 
ing an area of one hundred and thirty acres, 
and of the valuation of fifteen million dollars 
at Seattle. It is gratifying to know, that 
though the loss has been so severe, entailing 

name. He has an autograph fac-simile 
stamp, and with this he marks all letters, or- 
ders, and even requisitions for_^ money. 
When writing to the President, however, he 
signs his own name. 

Among some old papers in London re- 
cently a genuine likeness of John Bunyan as 
he appeared in his prison cell at Bedford has 
just been discovered, for which the owner 
demands 1000 guineas. 

Money will buy almost anything, from a 
postage-stamp to a peerage or an opinion. 

as directed for roots, when young plants soon 
appear from various parts of the buried stem, 
and these when large enough can be removed 
and potted." 

Venus Fly Trap, 

In Golden Gate Park may be seen some very 
fine speoimens of Dioncea museipula — Venus 
Fly Trap. These plants are natives of the 
North Carolina swamps, and are easily grown 
in damp sphagnum moss. Darwin and other 
writers have claimed that these plants not only 
catch but devour ioaects. The first claim is 
[Continued on page S3.) 


f ACIFie (^URAId f ress, 

[July 13, 1889 

jJgricultural X^otes. 


Packing and Shipping. — Haywards Journal, 
July 6: Manager T. B. Russell of our Fruit- 
Growers' Association has been kept pretty busy 
this week shipping apricots to Sacramento. 
From that place they are forwarded Kist. The 
fruit is put up in small basketB, each box hold- 
ing four 5 pound baskets — a most attractive 
way to forward the fruit. The price received 
is from SI .50 to $2.10 per box, or at the rate 
of three and four cents per pound, clear. A 
visit to the packing-house, Oikes' former skat- 
ing-rink, Wednesday, showed a lively state of 
affaire. There were seven or eight Chinamen 
packing, and Charles Underbill was doing the 
finishing touches — nailing on the covers — 
which requires considerable judgment. The 
association has been organized only a month, 
but, during that time, it has brought about a 
wonderful change in the local market. 

Barley Short. — Reports from our valley 
and vicinity, where thrashing is in progress, 
are not favorable to a large yield of common or 
Chevalier barley. Samples so far have been, at 
the best, No. 2, and even below that grade. 
Reports from other parts of the State show that 
the barley crop will fall 75,000 tons below last 
year's yield. These facts have had a tendency 
to strengthen the market price very materially 
for new barley. 

French Merinos. — Oakland Enquirer, July 
5 : James Roberts died in February last, leav- 
ing an estate valued at $66,302. Among the 
personal property was a band of French 
merinoes, claimed to be the best in the State. 
Their value consists in the adaptability for 
breeding purposes, and they have no established 
market value. The bucks sell readily to breed- 
ers, the administrator having sold in the last 
three months 15 bucks at an average of $100 
each. The ewes and lambs cannot be sold but 
to parties who would continue in the same busi- 
inesB. The only bid for these that has been 
offered by any pRrson, after duly advertising 
them, averaged $10 per head. This bid was 
from Joseph Glide of Sacramento, a prominent 
sheep-breeder. There were other breeders and 
experts in court Monday who testified that the 
ewes were not worth over $10 each. The 
attorneys for the absent heirs, Cormac and 
Donahue, objr'cted to the sale and wanted it 
continued. Judge Gibson, after examining the 
administrator, at length remarked that if there 
was plenty of property to pay the debts and ex- 
penses of the estate, and the attorneys for the 
heirs did not wish the sheep sold, then it made 
no difference what the heirs received, as they 
were the parties in interest, and he instructed 
the administrator to keep the sheep and sell 
them as the attorneys for the heirs thought 

Fruit • Growers Incorporate. — Oakland 
Enquirer, July 5: Articles of incorporation 
were filed to-day by the Haywards Frnit-Grow. 
ers' Association, whose objects are to buy, sell, 
dry, can or ship the fruits of the members. 
The capital stock is $10,000, and the nine di- 
rectors are Robert Hiokmott, F. G. Winton, J . 
B. Parsons, William and Milo Knox, all of 
Haywards; C. S. King, H. W. Meek and Ed- 
ward O. Webb, all of San Lorenzo, and F. H. 
Gracia of San Leandro. Stock has been sub- 
scribed to the amount of $3450. 

El Dorado. 
Blossoms for the Bees. — Placerville Api- 
arian : Baes in the mountain apiaries are do- 
ing well; folocio, the honey plant of the upper 
Sierras, is in bloom, also cardinal flowers, snow- 
drop, wild raspberry, borage, larkspurs, lilies, 
lupines, etc. The snowdrop sends the bees out 
in immense numbers early in the morning. A 
single blossom must contain considerable nec- 
tar, by the length of time a bee works on one. 
Cardinal flowers are also great favorites, as the 
bees seem to be humming about them all day. 
Several species of wild cactus are in bloom, 
but as they grow mostly on high elevations, 
they are not within range of my bees. At the 
Ojkk Lsaf Apiary, in Placerville, the holly is an 
exceedingly good plant for honey. It is just 
beginning to bloom, and, by the way, bees are 
filling things up at present (June 17th), we are 
likely to obtain considerable honey from this 
source alone. There is an abundance of white 
clover in the vicinity, bat for some reason bees 
never yet obtained a crop of white clover 


Solid Grain. — Delia, July 4: Grain crops 
are heavy on the West Side this year in the 
vicinity of Huron. From one piece of ten acres 
210 sacks were harvested, and another tract of 
80 acres yielded 1288 sacks — about 16 sacks or 
37 bushels per acre. 


Gettino Ready for the Fair. — Independ- 
ent, July 6: The directors of the 18th District 
Agricultural Association met at Independence 
last Saturday. Present, A. R. Conklin, Pres.; 
W. K. Miller, John Shepherd, A. W. Eibe- 
shutz, Finlay Mclver, E. Robinson. Absent, 
W. 8. Enos and J. S. Gorman. At a previous 
meeting it had been determined to make a new 
race track, and a committee appointed to select 
a site. The committee reported having found 
an excellent location about three-fourths of a 
mile north of town. The ground has been lo- 
cated by Mr. E. Robinson, and the president 
and secretary of the associatien were authorized 

to make a contract with Mr. Robinson and take 
a lease of the land for ten years. Mr. Robin- 
son offered to give such a lease for a merely 
nominal rent. The committee was continued 
and given full power to prepare a track. The 
board will offer purses, amounting to $500, for 
races at the coming fair, Sept. 24th to 27th. 
The premium list for all kinds of exhibits, in- 
cluding stock and farm products, ores, manu- 
factures, etc., will aggregate more than double 
the amount offered last year. 

Reclamation, — Rohnerville Herald, July 3: 
Within the past few years a considerable 
amount of "overflowed" land has been re- 
claimed in the neighborhood of the mouth of 
Esl river. Reclamation commenced in the sec- 
tion lying between Port Kenyon and Center- 
ville, and some excellent dairy farms are the 
result. Now reclamation has commenced on 
the broad marsh lying between Bel river and 
Table Bluff, and there is a likelihood that a 
large amount of new land will soon be brought 
into service in that section. 

Los Anseles. 
Sun-Drying at Newhall.— Burbank Timet, 
July 6 : W. W, Cozzens of San Jose has com- 
menced apricot drying at Newhall. There are 
about 75 white men, women and children and 
67 Chinamen at work. The fruit is shipped prin- 
cipally from Santa Paula and is very fine. It 
is pitted and placed upon wooden trays; and 
laid in the sun; the caring is perfect. It is ex- 
pected that about 800,000 pounds of the frnit 
will be dried. Newhall is the best place in 
this section for fruit-drying in the open air, on 
account of the absence of fog and dew and the 
steady heat in the day. 


Small Honey Crop. — There are about 1000 
stands of bees in this neighborhood, but there 
will be very little honey this year. The black 
sage had a fine-looking bloom, but there was no 
honey in it — owing, I think to the short rain- 
fall, for we had only about ten inches for the 
season. — C. S. S,, Salinas. 


Galloway-s. — Record-Union, June 29: Wm. 
H. Bailey purchased of Walter C. Weedon and 
shipped from Sacramento to his ranch at Ana- 
heim yesterday the following registered Gallo- 
ways, being a selection from the herd of cattle 
bred by the Interstate Galloway Cattle Co., 
and now at Agricultural park in this city. The 
lot was headed by the bull Bellman (3726), just 
three years old, an animal of excellent form, 
deep flesh and splendid constitution. On his 
sire's side he is of the famous Semiramis blood, 
while on the dam's side he traces directly to 
the first importation to this continent in 1853. 
The cows consisted of Black Sally (3626), a 
daughter of Galloway King, accompanied by 
her daughter, Elegance, born en route on the 
train, sired by Ben Magnolia (3610), a repre- 
sentative of the Magnolia family. This heifer 
calf was a little gem, and the perfect type of a 
pare Galloway. Buttercup Lass (3629), an- 
other daughter of Galloway King, and of the 
Bardarroch strain on her dam's side, had a 
beautiful male calf at foot. Expert, a blocky, 
thick-set little fellow, while the two-year-old 
heifer Billet-Doux (3627) and the yearling. Cas- 
sowary, were exceedingly choice specimens and 
worthy of entering the lists at our fairs this 
fall. Mr. Bailey is fortunate in his purchase, 
and he is taking a step in the right direction in 
forming the nucleus of a pure-blooded herd for 
his ranch purposes. 

San Joaquin. 
Grain and Froit at Lodi, — Cor. Bee, July 
1: Harvesting aboat here is now in full blast. 
As I write I can see some six or eight headers 
at work, also four combined harvesters in full 
view; but there are in this immediate vicinity 
about 20 headers and about 12 combined har- 
vesters already running. The old style thrash- 
ing machine will soon be a thing of the past. 
There are only two or three running in this 
vicinity. Wages are from $2 to $3.50 per day, 
and some set as high as $5 per day, board in- 
cluded. There is quite a demand for men — in 
fact, no idlers can be found about here. Grain 
as far as thrashed, is turning out very well, say 
from 10 to 20 bushels per acre, and a few fields 
will reach ,30 bushels, tolerably plump and of 
good quality. Grape vines are very rank and 
hang heavily loaded. Fruit trees also hang 
well loaded with froit. There is but a small 
area in melons about here compared with the 
last two years, but the vines look fine and bid 
fair to yield an abundant crop, but from ap- 
pearances there will be no very large melons 
this season. 

San Iiuls Obispo. 

Agricultural Society, — Arroyo Grande 
Herald, June 29 : The annual meeting of the 
Arroyo Grande Agricultural society was held 
at the hall Thursday afternoon. There were 30 
members present. E. Leedham presided. A 
board of ten directors for the ensuing year was 
elected, as follows : A. Phillips, J. V. N. 
Young, W. N. Short, E. Leedham, T. H. Shar- 
wood, J. D. Stevenson, J. Gregory, 0. A. Pit- 
kin, D. F. Newsom and J. F. Beckett. After 
considerable discussion it was decided to have 
no stock exhibits at the coming fair, and devote 
the entire efforts to agriculture and kindred 
pursuits. It was decided that all exhibits at 
the County Fair and other places be made by 
the Arroyo Grande Agricultural Association. 
The secretary was instructed to make collec- 
tions of cereals and other perishable articles for 
the fair, and to have slips printed for exhibitors 

to make out their list. After the meeting the 
Board of Directors met and elected the follow- 
ing ofiBcers : Pres., E. Leedham; 1st V. P., J. 
V. N. Young; 2d V. P., J. F. Beckett; Seo'y, 
T. H. Sharwood. 

S&nta Barbara. 
Bean Weevil. — Independent : At the Santa 
Barbara Co. Horticultural Society's June meet- 
ing Prof. Ford read the reply of Chas. V. Riley 
on the insect infesting the beans at Carpinteria. 
Prof. Riley answered that it was called the 
bean weevil and that Matthew Cooke had de- 
scribed it at length in his work on insects. 
Quite an animated discussion was indulged in 
as to the manner of its introduction, and mode 
of extermination of this insect which threatens 
so seriously the principal industry of this sec- 
tion. Mr. Martin said he first discovered it in 
some beans the seed of which came from the 
Patent Office at Washington, but that he found 
some of his neighbor's beans similarly affected, 
and they had not sent away for any seed. One 
party mentioned scalding the beans to kill the 
weevil, and another the use of bisulphide of 
carbon — this latter was used with success by 
Mr. Fish of this valley in regard to his seed 

Cherries Veiled. — Oor. Santa Maria Timet, 
June 22 : After crossing the mountain and get- 
ting into Lompoo valley, many orchards were 
seen. They all looked well, and in some the 
cherry trees were covered with cloth to keep 
the birds from the fruit. The coverings being 
of different colors, the appearance of the or- 
chards was somewhat strange. The tops of 
the trees covered in this way look not unlike 
balloons rising from a forest of small trees. 
Cherries in the Lompoc market were worth 
about 12 cents per pound, but it is thought that 
in future years they will be down to consider- 
able less, as many young trees are coming into 
maturity, so that the birds and other citizens 
will have an abundance. 

The Oldest Cannery. — Referring to the re- 
port of an interview by a reporter of the 
Rural with Mr. Cutler, the latter writes that 
the Cutting Packing Co. began businesB in 1857 
and not 1875, and has been in operation contin- 
uously since that early date. We trust the 
correction will be noticed by readers, for it is 
interesting to know just when the pioneer can- 
nery opened its doors. 


Hop-Growino, — The Democrat publishes a 
list of the hop-growers of Sonoma county, to- 
gether with the number of acres cultivated by 
each. Total acreage, 995, or 98 more than last 
year. The yield in bales it is estimated will be 

Pork Profits. — The progeny of one sow at 
the County Farm has netted the county $200. 
Five of her offspring, weighing in the aggre- 
gate 1625 pounds, were sold by Mr. Hawkins 
last week for $16.25 each. 


Irrigation District. — Modesto Newt, June 
28: The election for the organization of the 
West Side Irrigation district was carried by 38 
more than the two-thirds' majority. All of the 
returns are in, except those from White's Bridge, 
which cannot alter the result. 

Wheat Yield. — T. J. Carmichael has fin- 
ished thrashing 05 acres of summer-fallowed 
wheat which yielded 1367 bags of No. 1 qual- 
ity. The grain has not yet been weighed, but 
it is believed that the yield will average 34 
bushels to the acre. 


Work at the Cannery. — Yuba City Farm- 
er, July 5: The run on apricots at the cannery 
is about over. This week the fruit came in 
very fast and several nights the canners were 
at work until 11 o'clock. An order for 25,000 
one-gallon cans of table fruit is being filled. 
The paok is almost entirely " Extras." Peaches 
will begin to come in about the 12th of this 
month, the Foster and Tuscan cling varieties 
being the first to ripen. 

Mulberries.— On Friday last Wm. Thomp- 
son from near Sutter City, presented us with two 
mulberry twigs loaded with as handsome fruit 
as it has been our privilege to see in a long 
time. One was the Downing and the other the 
Persian variety. One branch had 27 and the 
other 28 large berries, in size and shape like 
large tame blackberries; in color they were 
from white, red to black, the latter being quite 
ripe. The trees are but a few years old, but 
are loaded with good and handsome berries. 

Haying with Headers. — Corning Observer: 
Some two years ago H. J. Bonham cut his hay 
with his header as an experiment. He had 
nice hay, and those who had bought it — among 
them O'Neill Bros, and P. Mahoney — said their 
horses enjoved the best of health with it. This 
year Mr. Van Winkle and others have cut 
their hay with headers. Mr. Bonham is of 
opinion that hay cut with the mower is the 
cause of much disease in horses. The hay gath- 
ered by the fork is full of weeds, rocks and 
earth. The hay cut with headers will bring 
much more money. 


A Wool-Warehouse for Porterville. — 
Enterprise, July 6: For some time past it has 
been a question of great moment to our sheep- 
growers how to dispose of their wool, which 
shipped immediately after shearing had to be 
shipped off to market; so a chosen few interest- 
ed themselves, conferred with their brother 
wool-growers and decided to meet and discuss 
the matter in all its details. W. A. Abernethy, 

the contractor, was consulted, and stated that 
a fine, solid brick warehouse, of large dimen- 
sions, with corrugated iron roofing, concrete 
floor, and fire and rat proof could be built for 
$12,874. At the meeting of aheep-raisers yes- 
terday to discuss the advisability of building a 
wool warehouse, $7000 was subscribed for the 

Giant Oaks.— Delta, July 4: Near Farmers- 
ville there stands an oak tree which has for 
many years been pointed out to strangers as 
the largest oak in Tulare county. The tree is 
33 feet in circumference at the ground, and 27 
feet in girth 2^ feet above the ground. It 
seems, however, that in Eshom valley in this 
county there has been found a rival of the fa- 
mous Farmersville oak. It is said to be 35 feet 
3 inches in circumference at the surface of the 
ground, and 30 feet around two feet higher. 


Saucy Pilferers Dealt With. — Woodland 
Mail, June 29: 8. L. Nutting appeared before 
Judge Ruggles Wednesday, and swore out war- 
rants for a score of men employed upon the 
thrashing outfit of one Kennedy of Sonoma 
county. The men were passing Mr. N.'s place 
near Cacheville, when they spied the fruit 
upon his trees and at once commenced to help 
themselves. His wife went to the men and in- 
terposed an objection, but they intimated that 
she might go where the woodtick diggeth. 
The lady was greatly offended and her husband 
took action as above. The warrants were 
placed in the hands of Constable Huston of 
Woodland and Deputy Sheriff Welborn of 
Cacheville, and the ofhcers at once went to the 
ranch of William Hatcher, where the meti 
were at work. They were greatly disturbed 
by the prospect of arrest and begged to be al- 
lowed to go. They say they did not intend to 
insult Mrs. Nutting, and would apologize, in 
addition to paying $20 for the stolen fruit. 
This being satisfactory to all parties, the men 
were not jailed. 

Pumps for Merritt Island. — Woodland 
Mail, July 6: County Surveyor O'Farrell, who 
is the engineer of the Merritt Island Swamp 
Land District, attended a meeting of the prop- 
erty-holders of the aforesaid district, on the 
ieland, last Saturday. The special business of 
the gathering was to determine whether or not 
the district should tax itself for a much-needed 
improvement and protection in the shape of a 
large pumping plant. A vote was taken and 
the proposition was emphatically indorsed. Ac- 
cordingly steps will soon be taken to put in a 
complete plant with steam engine, boiler and 
two centrifugal pumps, with a capacity of 60,- 
000 gallons per minute. The machinery and 
the ditching on the island will cost, is is esti- 
mated, about $.35,000. 


Irrigation. — Marysville Appeal: At the 
recent meeting of the Levee Commissioners, 
they passed a resolution allowing Schimpf k 
Stevenson to put a 10-inch pipe through the 
levee at a point 200 yards above where the city 
levee joins the Brown's valley grade. Through 
the pipe will run a stream of water taken from 
the Yuba river. This water will cross the 
county road and pass on to 400 acres of the 
Schimpf k Stevenson ranch. It will be, at the 
start, at an elevation of 5^ feet over the main 
body of land, and by a system of pipes and 
ditches will irrigate the entire place, which will 
be put into alfalfa or cut up into garden plots 
and leased. Mr. Stevenson says: "The pipe is 
sufficiently large to carry all the water desired 
for irrigating the entire place. With the pres- 
sure which it will have, there ought to be a 
flow of about 200 miner's inches. At first we 
will use the debris to fill up the depressions, 
and thereafter the water will be used for irri- 
gating. We can furnish the land and water for 
less than one-half for what is paid by gardeners 
now. 1 expect that this irrigating project will 
greatly enhance the value of our property." 


Besieged by Bees —Reno Ometle <{ Stock- 
man, Jane 27 : The bees have literally taken 
possession of Rufus Kinney's residence, traijs- 
forming it into a vast apiary and compelling the 
family to vacate portions of the house. Every 
accessible part of the house is filled with bees; 
the walls are transformed into hives. At least 
a dozen colonies have lodged themselves under 
the building, and the pugnacious little raeoala 
dispute with the owners every part of the house 
from cellar to garret. And still from every 
quarter new swarms are daily coming; some 
days as many as three or four different colonies 
arrive, and despite the fact that Mr. Kinney 
has killed as many as 12 swarms already this 
season, they are gaining rapidly on him, and he 
is seriously contemplating the necessity of mov- 
ing out and leaving the bees in full possession 
of the premises. Reports from other quarters 
show similar, but not so serious conditions. 

Free Distribution of Poultry. — Silver 
State, July 3: Saturday morning as train No. 
6 was leaving Carlin, a car which was loaded 
beyond its capacity and was topheavy, lust its 
equilibrium, and toppled over. This particu- 
lar car was fiUed'with turkeys, pigeons, doves, 
geese, ducks, chickens and guineas, en route 
from Kansas City to 8. F. The number of 
fowls in the car was approximately 5(XX). 
After the wreck was cleared away, it was es- 
timated that about 500 of the birds were killed, 
wounded, or missing. The Chinese herded 
many of the fowls into the woodpiles, and, as a 
consequence, lived on the fat of the land for 
several days. 

July 13. 1889.] 




A Select School for Young Ladies. 

Thirteenth year. Fifteen Professors and Teachers. 
The next Session will begin on Monday, July 29, 1889. 
For Catalogue or information address the Principal, 
1036 Valencia Sc., - San Francisco, Cal. 

California Military Academy 


Thorough instruction in all Derartments. Business 
Course complete. Location unsurpassed. Snnd for 
Circulir. COL. W. H. O'BRIEN, Principal. 

The Santa Rosa Boys' School, 



Desiring thorough preparation for College, University or 
Business. Location healthful, grounds ample, rooms 
large, well lighted, warmed and ventilated. Influences, 
moral and social, of the very best. Number of pupils 

Sainmor Term will begrln August 6, 1889, 

Address the principal, 
Rbv. SEWAKD M. dodge, B. a., Santa Rosa, Cat. 


University Avenue, Berlceley, Oa). 


References to parents of pupi's who have entered the 
Unlversliy from this bchool. Send for circular. 

T. S. BOWENS, B. A., 



1684 Mission Street, San Francisco, 

Prepares Boys and Tomig Men 


Uollege, University and Business. 
Chrigtmag Term opens Wednesday, Aag. 1st. 

REV. E. B. SPALDING, Rector. 



Prepares Students for College or for Business, under 
resident Masters of proved ability. The next school year 
will begin July 16, 1!89. IS" Address for Catalogue, 

D. P. SACKETT, Principal, 
No. 529 Hobart St., - - - Oakland, Cal. 


Home and Day School, 

Oakland Square, Alice and Tenth Streets, 


MISS L. TRACY, Principal. 

THE SEVENTEENTH YEAR of Miss Tracy's School 
Work in Oakland will begin on Wednesday, July 31, 1889. 

English and Manual Training School, 


Second year will open on Wednesday, August 7th. 
Day and Boarding-School for boys. Day School for girls. 
Catalogues sent on application to 

P. O. Box 393, Oakland, Cal. 


For Young Ladies and Littla Girls. 

7th Ave. and 16th St., EAST OAKLAND, 
Will reopen on Wednesday, July 31, 1889. 



rate of interest on approved security in Farming 
Lands. A. SCHULLER, io6 Leidesdorfif street, 
San Francisco. ** 




Best anil Strongest Eiplosiyes in the f orlil. 

As other makers IMITATE our Giant Powder, so ao they Judson, by Manufectoring 
a second-grade, inferior to Judson. 
BANDMANN, NIELSEN & CO, General Agents, San Francisco. 


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For Stump and Bank BlaBting. From 5 to 20 
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out of ground at leas cost than grubbing. 
Railroaders and Farmers use no other. 

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We take pleasure in callint; the attention of the Orchardists and Vioeyardists of the Pacific 
slope to our NEW ORCHARD AND VINEYARD CULTIVATOR. The most complete and 
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Shifting Pole the tendency to crawl down hill can be overcome. This feature is of advantage 
on level ground as well. The pole is shifted by the horses and can be checked at any angle by 
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CiBCDLARS. Address : 



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ability to take care of itself in the 
severest gale — being so arranged 
that no increase of wind increases 
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WOODIN & LITTLE. 509 and 51 1 Market St., S. F. 



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College Instructs in Shorthand, Type Writing, Book- 
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for six full months. We have sixteen teachers, and give 
individual instruction to all our pupils. Our school has 
its graduates In every part ot the State, 


E. P. HEALD, President. 

C. S. HALET, Secretary. 


Oor. 4tb & B Sts., Santa Rosa, Oal. 

Faid-UT) Capital, $100,000. 

orFicKRS : 

E. W. Davis, President. J. H. Brdbh, Vice-President 
Lkwis M. Alkxandkr, Cashier. 
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Concert Selections. (81 or $9 doz.) Emerson. 
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Dairy Maid's Supper. (20 cts. $1.80 doz.) Lewis. 

Rainbow Festival. (20 cts. $1.S0 doz.) Lewis. 
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Song Manual, Book 1. (.SO cts $3 doz.) Emerson. 

Song Manual, Book it. (40c $4.20 doz.) Emerson. 

Song Manual, Book 3. (60c $4.80 dox.) Emerson. 

united Voices. (60 cts. $4.80 doz.) Emerson. 

Kindergarten and Primary Song*. (:iOc$3 dz.) 
Examine Our New Piano Collections. 

Popular Piano Collection. ($1.) 27 peices. 

Popular I>ance Music Collection. (SI.) 
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Song Classics. (Sop. $1.) (AIto$l.) M Songs. 

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GENERAL OFFICE AND SUPPLIES (as always before), 

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87 Market Front St. .San Francisco. 




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E»rice 84, postpaid. For sale by Dswbt & Co., publlah 
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[July 13, 1889 


SEPTEMBER 9th to 2 1st, Inclusive, 



NO BETTKR CHANCE is oflfered to show individual progreas in the varioua arts of pro- 
ductiveness than at an ANNUAL EXHIBITION of this character. 

be made to secure comfort and convenience for all. 

NEARLY $53,000 OFFERED IN CASH PREMIUMS in the Various Dapartments. 

EXHIBITORS should now begin preparations. Don't forget to plan Original and Instraot- 
ive Displays, The more attractive your exhibits are, the more attention they will command. 

know not California's capabilities, and as a source of profit we would urge the producers to come 
forward and make the 


are resources any commonwealth may well feel proud of. No more favorable year to advertise 
your locality could be wished for, nor better opportunity offered. Let it not pass unheaded; 
show the character of the products your County brings forth. 

PROGRESSION, NOT PROCRASTINATION, can make every county in this State cele- 
brated. The study of the management of these annual gatberiugs is to provide not only a 
source of information, but of amusement as well, to the end that those who look forward t3 a 
holiday of recreation may not be disappointed. 

THE :B:x:ciTiisra- sipeeid coisttests. 

Wherein the choicest of our nnmerous breeding farms take part, are not excelled in any State. 

And other kindred amusements will be provided for the entertainment of the sight-seeing public. 

The Board of Directors will give the same special attention to details that has contribnted 
to success in the past. It but remains for the exhibitors to achieve increased results from the 
exhibition of the present season. 

PREMIUM LISTS are now ready and may be had on application to the S.-cretary, who 
will also furnish applicants with any other information respecting the bneiness of the Fair. 


Space should be applied for as early as possible; do not put it off until the best locations 
are selected. 



To and from the Fair, and gives EXCURSION RATES TO ALL THAT ATTEND. 
EDWIN P. SMITH, Secretary, 

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are re^iueeted to be sure and notify us 
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Circulars free. 

DBWB7 8t CO., Patent Agents, 

220 Market St., Elevator, 12 Front St., 8. F. 

Telephone No. 6.58. 

a. t. dewey, w. b. ewer. geo. h. strong. 


I III IIIKp a' reduced price of 76 eta. per copy 
UUUI UIIU by DEWKT * CO., PablUhers,8. W. 

A practical treatise by T. A. Oarbt 
giving the results of long experi- 
ence in Southern California. ISA 
pages, oloth bound. Sent post-paid 

July 13, 1889.] 

f ACIFie f^URAb f RESS. 

Venus Fly Trap. 

{Continued from page S9.) 
easily subBtantiated, bnt the latter is at least 
doubtful. After careful experiments, continued 
30 days, the writer has been unable to detect 
either by weight or microscope anything that 
would justify the theory that the plants derive 
any benefit from the death of their captives. 
On the other hand, they seem rather to suffer 
from a sort of " nervous exhaustion " when 
living insects too soon replaced those which 
had died. 

Aside from all ingenious theories, the plant 
is of extreme interest, owing to the irritability 
displayed by the stipulary fringes on the 
winged leaves. The lamina of the leaf itself is 
divided by the midrib into two nearly semi 
circular halves, each of which is fringed with 
stiff hairs. This leaf somewhat resembles a 
miniature rattrap. When one of the halves is 
tonched by an insect, the two divisions are 
brought together with a quick spring imprison- 
ing the intruder. He is closely held till death 
relieves his sufferings, when the leaf, no longer 
being irritated by its movements, slowly opens 
of its own accord. The plants grow to a hight 
of 2i to 3 inches, and the leaves all spring from 
a common base. 

in vast numbers to cover the banks of a terrace, 
and for several months this terrace is the most 
brilliant object in the park. They have also 
been largely used on the University grounds at 
Berkeley. The pink, white, red and yellow are 
the most satisfactory varieties and are the most 
generally planted. Propagation is extremely 
easy, the joints being broken apart and the sec- 
tions stuck in damp sand or soil, when they 
will readily take root. 

Pretty General Effects. — When planting 
trees, shrubs or flowers it is just as well to take 
into consideration all the surroundings, and 
make each addition to your own garden a sup- 
plement to the general landscape. Before 
planting spend many pleasant moments in con- 
sidering the most appropriate place for a cer- 
tain character of tree or shrub or color of a 
flower. Not only will your own garden be the 
more beautiful, but your whole neighborhood 
will reap the benefit of your thoughtful skill. 

Disastrous Fires, 

Both in town and country, have been fre- 
quent since July came in. Ellensburg, Wash- 
ington Territory, was swept by flame on the 
night of the Fourth, and $2,000,000 worth of 
property destroyed. Last Sunday afternoon 
the business pairt of Bakersfield, in this State, 
was consumed, together with some 40 dwellings, 
involving a loss of $1,000,000 or upwa'd. 

The grain fields, too, have been ablaze in 
various quarters, and energetic fire-fighting the 
order of the day. One case especially notable 
was on Webb Curtis' ranch, near Knights' 
Landing, where a spark from the traction en- 
gine of his famous harvester started a con- 
flf gration that raged three hours, covered hun- 
dreds of acres, and ate up $10,000 worth of 

Beware of sparks and embers ! 

Fruit Seeds. 

In some countries there exists a superstition 
to the effect that the deities look with displeas- 
ure upon those who eat certain fruits and do 
not afterward plant the seed. This particular 
superstition is perhaps very nearly the truth. 
At any rate it is founded on a good deal of 
sound sense. As a result of the habit in the 
countries where it is practiced, there is for 
everybody an inexhaustible supply of fruit, and 
they are found in every imaginable location, 
particularly by the wayeides. 

Every time that we eat a particularly fine 
peach, pear, plum, apple, or apricot, if we 
would only make it a rule to cover the seed 
with earth wherever we might happen to be, 
-here would, no doubt, be a much more abun- 
dant supply of fruit after a little while. The 
landscapes would be improved, and many waste 
places would literally be made fruitful. 
Another, and perhaps the greatest good which 
would result, would be the production of many 
local varieties, some' of which would be of 
' great value. Ltt us then not only bear 
.0 facts in mind, but let us supplement our 
, of covering the seeds with earth, by whenever possible little, tender, volun- 
teer fruit trees, for they may be the offspring 
of somebody's else thoughtful good will. 

Cooking Pumpkins. — The pumpkin, which 
is a species of gourd, has been cultivated so 
long that its origin has been lost; we have, 
however, a record of the method of preparing it 
for the table — about 300 years ago. A portion 
of the side was removed, through which open- 
ing the seeds and filaments were extracted. 
The cavity was then stuffed with apples, spices, 
etc., and the whole was baked. 

The Garden and Forest quotes this simple 
method of testing the quality of a pear: Write 
a name with pen and ink upon the dry skin of 
the fruit. If the ink is quickly absorbed, leav- 
ing clear, sharp lines, the quality of the fruit is 
good; if the skin does not absorb the ink quick' 
ly, and the lines are blotted, the quality is in- 

Our Vacaville Letter. 

Prize for a New Germ. — The Vermont Mi- 
croscopical Aesociation has jnst announced that 
a prize of $250, given by the Wells & Richard- 
son Co., the well-known chemists, will be paid 
to the first discoverer of a new disease germ. 
The wonderful discovery by Prof. Koch of the 
comma bacillus, as the cause of cholera, stimu- 
lated great res;arch throughout the world, and 
it is believed this liberal prize, offered by a 
house of such standing, will greatly assist in the 
detection of micro organisms that are the direct 
cause of many diseases. Any information on 
this subject will be cheerfully furnished by C. 
Smith Boynton, M D., secretary of the associa- 
tion, Burlington, Vt. 

The Oldest Cannery. — Referring to the re- 
port of an interview by a reporter of the Rural 
with Mr. Cutler, the latter writes that the Cut- 
ting Packing Co. began business in 1857, and 
not 1875, and has been in operation contin- 
uously since that early date. We trust the 
correction will be noticed by readers, for it is 
interesting to know just when the pioneer can 
nery opened its doors. 

The Montana Journal says at least 380,000 
sheep have been driven through one town, 
Weiser, this season, for Eastern Oregon and 

Black-Cap Raspberries. 

It is strange that the B!ack-cap raspberries 
have not yet gained general popularity on the 
Pacific Coast. A prominent horticulturist 
writes that he thinks it is not so much because 
there is any lack of a market for them nor from 
any difficulty about their culture, but because 
the berries are too insignificant to become popu- 
lar with Californians. To produce large crops 
in California your Black caps require a good 
deal of water and careful cultivation. 

Several years ago Mr. Clough of Niles tried 
to place a large lot of the berries upon the 
market, and resorted to several expedients, but, 
for some unaccountable reason, they could not 
be sold. 

The Black-caps do not sour like the red, and 
keep much better. Another point in their favor 
is that they are easily dried, and, when so pre- 
pared, are a staple article, selling always at a 
good price. For home use they may be used in 
their natural state, or may be dried, canned, 
preserved, or made into vinegar — a delightful 
and refreshing beverage. 

Editors Press : — Quite a shower of rain fell 
on the 7th; not much damage done. Some 'cots 
which were out to dry had to be stacked up, 
but that was soon done, and, covered with trays, 
they were secure against the rain. It is un- 
usual to have rain at this time of year, and it 
was probably sent to help our road-master, who 
is trying hard to keep down the dust. 

The apricot season will be pretty nearly done 
this week. New dried 'cots are bringing 8 and 
10 cents per pound. A commission man from 
New York was around last week wanting dried 
fruit to sell on commission. People do not 
like that way of selling, especially those who 
sold in that way last year. 

Twenty cents per cwt. is generally paid for 
cutting. Last year fruitmen generally had a 
punch similar to a conductor's to mark the 
boxes of fruit out. This year most of them 
give printed tickets. 

The Vacaville Water Co. is now organized, 
and will probably commence work this week. 
A new road through the Buck orchard, former- 
ly the Wilson tract, adjoining Vacaville, is to 
be opened soon. 

The celebration on the 4tb came off in good 
shape, A large crowd was present. Numer- 
ous games, such as rondo, faro and chuck a luck, 
were in full blast. (It is very singular that 
just as soon as a Chinaman starts a game of tan 
he is hauled down to the lockup, but the whites 
can run all kinds of gambling games here and 
no one sees it ) The committee made quite a 
creditable display of fireworks. The evening 
was very still and the rockets shot up much 
higher (apparently) than the moon. One little 
fellow was sure he saw a star fall. The largest 
part of the fireworks did not go off until about 
3 o'clock in the morning, when two stables were 
burnt, and in one there were three horses and 
two wagons. The other was built for a livery 
stable but used by the Golden Gate Fruit Co. 
Vacaville, July 7, 1889. G. 

Mesembrtanthemums. — This popular class 
of plants nearly all came originally from the 
Cape of Good Hope. The genus contains about 
400 species, of which about 150 have been in- 
troduced and are recommended for cultivation. 
Being natives of a hot, dry country, they have 
found in California a very coogenial home. The 
mesembryanthemnm does not require any cult- 
ure further than planting, and they thrive in 
almost any situation where soil enough is found 
in which they can take root. Being low- 
spreading plants, they form a very pretty car- 
pet for the covering of banks, rockeries, etc. 
In Golden Gate park the plants have been used 

Miss Bisbee's School. — The home and day 
school conducted by Mies Bisbee at East Oak- 
land will open July 31st. Miss Bisbee is well 
known to the educational public and her school 
is delightfully situated. By a typographical 
error in the advertisement of the above school 
in our last issue the address was made to ap- 
pear as Seventeenth street instead of Seventh 
avenue and Sixteenth street. 


always cured 




Sure Cure for Diabetes, Catarrh of the Bladder, and all Disorders of the Liver 

and Urinary Organs. 

Manufactured by SIERRA CHEMICAL CO., San Francisco, Cal. 

Laboratory, 2424 Mlesion Street. ALL DRUOOISTS. 

Books for Pleasure and Profit. 

Jenny June's Practical CookBook. 

— An established favorite in thou- 
sands of families. The recipes in 
it are all the result of practical 
experience, and there is beside a 
useful chapter of recipes for dishes 
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receipts, embracing all the popu- 
lar dishes and the best results of 
modern science reduced to a sim- 
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Carpenter's Manual. 

— Instructs in the use of 
tools and the various oper- 
ations of the trade, includ- 
f/^>il ing drawing for carpenters, 

! forms of contracts, speci- 

fications, etc., with plain 
instructions for beginners, 
and full glossary of terms 
used in the trade. Also 
gives plans and specifi- 
cations for building a num- 
ber of frame houses. lUus- 

Price 50 cts. 

Wllford's Original Dialogues and 
Speeches for Young 

Folks. — Being by far the most 
complete of its kind ever issued. 
This work supplies that palpable 
need, which has so long been evi- 
dent in books of this class, that of 
Dialogues and Speeches adapted to 
the natures of children. This work 
contains 19 Original Dialagiies and 
53 Speeches, especially adapted for 
children between the ages of 5 and 
12 years. 160 pages. 
Paper cover, Price 25 cts. 

BrudderCardner'sStump Speech- 
es and Comic Lec- 
tures. — Containmg the 
best hits of the leading 
Negro delineators of the 
present day, comprising the 
most amusing and side- 
splitting contribution of 
oratorical effusions which 
have ever been produced 
to the public. The newest 
and best book of Negro 
comicalities published. 160 
J pages. Bound in illuminat- 
ed paper covers. Price 25 cts. 

Payne's Business Lettei Writer 
and Manual of Com- 
mercial Forms.— Con- 
taining specimen Letters on all 
possible business topics, with 
• appropriate answers. Contain- 
general information with 
regard to business matters, the 
rules for punctuation, the abbre- 
viations most used in the 
mercantile world, a dictionary 
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New edition, revised and en- 

the business man. 

216 pages, extra cloth, 75 9ts. 

Boards, sects. 

Burdett's New Comic Recitations 
and Humorous Readings. 

— A new volume of comic and humor- 
ous selections, compiled by the cel- 
ebrated humorist, James S. ,Burdett 
many of which have never before 
'\ been published in book form. In ad- 
dition to the new and original pieces 
here contained, this book has tlie ad- 
vantage of bringhig together i7iio one 
votuiue all of the very best selections of 
a comic nature which have hitherto 
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public representations of the most renowned 
humorists of the day. It is the newest, handsomest 
and choicest book of its kind. Price 25 cts. 

The Candy Maker. ;^ 

— A Practical Guide" to the 
Manufacture of the various kinds 
of Plain and Fancy Candy. The 
fullest directions are given for 
getting up the most exquisitely 
beautiful looking candies, as well 
as the most. alluring to the palate ; 
while equal attention is given 
to all the plainer kinds, so uni- 
versally liked by the " littleones." 
Every Direction, every Recipe,, 
every Concoction of which Sugar, 
Spice and Essence are the ingre- 
dients, is given in such a plain way that a child can 
understand them. Large i2mo. Price 50 cts. 

Wilson's Bail-Room Guide and 

Call-Book.— The most 
complete published, containing 
full and requisite information 
for the giving of Receptions, 
Parties, Balls, etc., with clear 
directions for calling out the 
figures of every dance, together 
with thirty-eight pages of the 
latest and most fashionable 
copyright music, and contain- 
ing nearly one hundred figures 
for the German.'' Bound in 
illuminated board cover, with 

cloth back. Price 75 cts. 

Bound in illuminated paper cover.Price 50 cts. 


Complete Hand-Book 
of Etiquette. This work 

presents, in a clear and intellig- 
ible manner, the whole art and 
philosophy of Etiquette. Among 
the contents are ; Bodily Deport- 
ment, Speak Grammatically, 
Self-respect, Pedantry, Social 
Characters, Traveling, Useful 
Hints on Conversation, Forms 
of Invitation, Letters of Intro- 
duction, Bridal Etiquette, Ball- 
room Etiquette, etc., etc. Bound 
in Boards, cloth back. 
Price 50 cts. 

'{ Hnbin V. Eapnnol 1 

Spanish at a Glance. 

j\ new system arranged for self-tuition, being 
the easiest method of acquiring a thorough knowl- 
edge of the Spanish language ever publisned. 

Bound in boards, cloth back 35 cts. 

Bound in paper cover, Price 25 cts. 

A portion of the above works wi I be sent from fUr 
office direct, while some will be ordoreil from other pub. 
lishlng houses, requiring some two week^i louder time. 
Address, DEWEY & CO., 

220 Market St , Saa FranclBCo, Oal. 



[JoLY 13, 1889 

breeder;' birectory. 

Six lines or iega in this Directory at 60c per line per month. 


PBT&B UAXB St SON, Licl< House, Sao FrandBco, 
Cal Importers and Breeders, (or past 18 years, of 
every variety of Cattle, Horses, Sheep and Hogs. 

GEO. BEMENT & SON. Maple Grove Farm, Oak- 
land P. O., breeders of Ayrshire Cattle & E^ex Swine. 

P. H. BURKE, 401 Montgomery St, S. F.: Registered 
Holsteins; winners of more first prizes, sweepstakes 
and special premiums this year than aoy herd on the 
Coast. Pure Berksnire Pigs. Catalogues. 

PBBCHERON HOBSKS— Kefer to large adver- 
tisement. Address, Capt W B. Collier, Lakeport, Cal 

WILLIAM NILE8, Los Angeles, Cal. Thorough- 
bred Registered Holstein and Jersey Cattle. Write me. 

P. PETE BS KN, Sites, Colusa Co., importer & breeder 
of registered Shorthorn Cattle. Young bulls for sale 

JOHN DETER, Colusa, Cal. Almont saddle and driv- 
ing horses tor sale. Single footers. Two Hue Stallions. 

W- B. JACOBS, Sacramento, Cal., breeder of Thor- 
oughbred Shorthorns and Berkshire Hogs. 

H. P. MOHR, Mt. Eden, Alameda Co., Cal., breeder of 
Clydesdale Horses and Uolstein-triesian Cattle. 

BRADLEY RANCH, San Jose, Cal., breeder 
of recorded thoroughbred Shorthorn Cattle. A choice 
lot of yoang stock for sale. 

H. S. SARGENT, Stockton, importer and breeder 
of registered Jersey Cattle. Correspondence solicited. 

HENR7 HAMIL'tON, Grayson, Cal., breeaer of 
Kentucky Jacks and Jennies, Draft Horses and Hol- 
stein Cattle. Jacks, Horses and Mules tor sale. 

DENMAM Si McNBAR, Petaluma, importers and 
breeders of thoroughbred and graded Clydesdale horses. 

EL BOBLAB RAN OHO, Los Alamos, Santa Barbara 
Co., Cal., Francis T. Underbill, proprietor, importer 
and breeder of thoroughbred Hereford Cattle. Infor- 
mation by mail. C F. Swan, manager. 

J . B. BOSS, Lakeville, Sonoma Co., Cal., breeder of 
Thoroughbred Devons, Roadsters and Draft Horses. 

P. H. MURPHY, (Brighton,) Perkins P. O., breeder 
of Recorded Short Horns and Poland China Hogs. 

HEILBRON BBOS., Cruickshank strain of Short- 
horns & Uerefords, Wildfiower Farm, Fresno or Sac'to. 

Station, S. F. & N. P. R. R. P. O., Penn's Grove, 
Sonoma Co., Cal. Wilfred Page, Manager. Breeders 
of Short Horn Cattle, English Draft Horses, Spanish 
Merino Sheep and Berkshire Swine. 

JjaittaBYS— The Best Herd, all A. J. C. Registered, is 
owned by Henry Pierce, San Francisco. 

8ETH COOK, breeder of Cleveland Bay Horses, De- 
von, Durham, Polled Aberdeen-Angus and Galloway 
Cattle. Young stock of above breeds on hand for 
sale Warranted to be pure bred, recorded and aver- 
age breeders. Address, Geo. A. Wiley, Cook Farm, 
Danville, Contra Costa Co., Cal. 

J. H. WHITE, Lakeville, Sonoma Co., CaL, breeder 

of Registered Holstein Cattle. 

B. J. MBBKELEY, Sacramento, breeder of Norman, 
Percberon Horses and thoroughbred Shorthorn Cattle. 

T. 8KILLMAN, Petaluma, importer and breeder of 
Suffolk, Percheron-Norman and French Coach Horses. 

M. D. HOPKINS, Petaluma, importer and dealer in 
Eastern registered Shorthorns, Red Polled Cattle, Hol- 
Bteins, Devons and Shropshire Sheep. 


A. C BDSCHHMJPT. Brooklyn Bights, Los An- 
geles. 15 breeds of i>ure-bred Poultry. Circular free. 

Cal.; send for illustrated and descriptive catalogue, free. 

B. G- HEAD, Napa, Cal., breeder of the choicest va- 
rieties of Poultry. Each variety a specialty. Send for 
new Catalogue. 

T. D. MOBBIS, Agua Caliente, Cal.; pure-bred fowls. 

W. C. DAMON, Napa, $2 each for choice Lt. Brahmas, 
Wyandottes, P. Rocks, White and Brown l^eghorns. 
Eggs, 82 per 13. Beet Seed for sale. 

O. J. ALBEKi, Lawrence, Cal. Pare bred poultry. 


jB. W. WOOLSBY & SON, Fulton, Cal., importers 
ii breeders Spanish Merino Sheep; ewes & rams for sale. 

B. H. OBANE, Petaluma, Cal., breeder and importer. 
South Down Sheep from Illinois and England (or sale. 

Ferry, Cal., breeders of Merino Sheep. Rami for sale. 

L. U- SHIPPBB, Stockton, Cal., Importer and breeder 
of Spanish Merino Sheep, Durham Cattle, Jacks and 
Jennys It Berkshire Swine high graded rams (or sale 

J. B HOYT, Biid's Landing, Cal., importer and 
breeder of Shropshire Sheep; also breeds cross-bred 
Merino and Shropshire Sheep. Rsms for sale. 

ANDBBW SMITH, Redwood City, Cal.; see adv't. 


TTLBB BBAOH, Sao Jose, Cal., 
thnrnuehhred Berkshire and Kssex Hoes 

breeder of 

WILLIAM NILBS, Los Angeles,C»l. Thoioughbrf d 
Pnland-Chlna and Berkshire Pt ga C1rcnlani«TB « 

JOSEPH MELVIN, Davisville, Cal., Breeder of 
Poland-China Hogs. 

Percheron Breeding Farm. 


For 16 young animals bought of M. H. Dunhim as 
foundation stock, $19,600 was paid at one time. 

Blood of Brilliant Largely Represented. 

Sales show this to be the most popular strain of the 

Two-year-olds and three year-olds from the Grand Prize 
winner, Cesar, who weighed 2040 as a two-year-old. 

Take S. F. & N. P. R. R. for Hopland, thence stage 16 
miles to Lakeport. Address 


Lakeport, Lake County, Cal. 
Send for Catalogue. 


Address, etatlner Price. Color, Age, Size 
and Weight, to P O. Box No. 2258, San 



One and a half miles northeast of San Leandro, 
Alameda Oouoty, has every facility for Break- 
ing Colts properly. Rates very reasonable. 
Horses boarded at all times. 


P. O. Box 149. San Leandro, Cal 


Holstein- Priesians, 

One Imported Cow, one two-year-old Bull, one Fear- 
ling Heifer, one Bull Calf. Registered Stock and well- 
bred. Also pure-bred Poultry. 

T. C. ST ABB, 

Santa Rosa, Cal. 

01 Short Horn Cattle and Dairy Cows. 

Cktalogues and Prices on application to 

Baden Station, - San Mateo Co., Oal. 

^MnRWW SMITH. R'rtwond fMtv, Oal.: ■«< »Hv't 

APIABIAN aOPPLlBS for sale by Mrs. J. D 
Wn««. Vap« Oltv. Onl 

FOR ENGRAVINGS Dewey Engraving' Com- 

fiDj, So. 330 Uarket street, Sao Fiaadsco. 

Veterinary Surgeon. 

Graduate of Ontario Veterinary College, Toronto, Canada. 

S31 Golden Gate Avenue, San Krandsco. 

Telephone 3069. 
isrOpen Day and Night. 
No risk in throwing Horses. \'eteriuary operating 
table on the premises. 



Member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, 
London, England. 
Oraduatkd April 22, 1870. 
Advice by Mai], $2. 


No, 11 Sevenlli St, near Market, San Francisco, Cal. 

Oi»n Day and Night. Telephone, No. 83fi9. 

Veterinary College. 

The most successful colIeKe of this oontlnent. 
For further particuiars address the Secretary, 
JOS. HUOHES, M. R. C. "V. 8., 
XS37-Sa39 State Street, Chlcaso, lU. 

T. CARPENTER, M. 0. C. V. S. 


Graduate of Ontario \'cterinary College, Honorary Fel- 
low of Ontario Veterinary Medical Society, 
Graduate of McMahon's School of 
Veterinary Dentists. 
Teterlnarj Infirmary. 226 8th St., Oakland. 
Telephone No. 427. 
Rksidrkck— 831 Golden Gate avenue, San Francisco. 
Telephone No. 3069. 


Afford more profit than any other busi- 
ness for the capital invested. The 
most successful machines made; any 
one can manage them. A large illus- 
trated circular and pamphlet, "Practi- 
cal Artificial R aring of Chicks," vtill 
be mailed pass to any one sending us 
hi-t name and address. Contains infor- 
, mation valuable to any one who keeps 
fowls. [Mention this paper.] 



aor. 17tb Sc Castro Ste., Oakland, Cal. 

Manufactory of the PACI- 
BROODER. Agency of 
the celebrated silver finish 
galvanized wire uetting lor 
Rabbit and Poultry-proof 
fences, the Wilson Bone 
and Shell Mill, the Pacific 
Egg Food, and Poultry ap- 
pliances in great variety. 
Also every variety of land 

and water Fowl, which 

have won first prizes wherever exhibited. Eggs for 
Hatching. The Pacific Coast Poulterers' Hand-Book and 
Guide, price, 40c. Send 2c. stamp for 60-page illustrated 
circular to the PACIFIC INCUBATOR CO., 1817 Castro 
St., Oakland, Cal. 


Importer and Breeder of 
High Class 


SlIver-Laced Wyandottes. White Plymouth 
Boclie, Llsrht Brahmas, Partridse Cochlna, 
Buff Cochins, Plymouth Rocks, White 
Crest^ed BlacK Polish. China l^angshars. 
Black Legrhorns, White beKhorns. Brown 
Leghorns, Rose-Comb Amer:can Doml- 
nlques, Thoroughbred Berkshire Pigs. 

Large lot of young birds ready for sale. Send for 


The Halsted Incubator Co. 

1312 Myrtle St., Oakland, Cal. 
Thoronghbred Poultry and Eggs. 
Send Stamp for Circular. 


Italian Queens, $2.60 each; Black Cjueens, 91 each; 
Swarms from 82 511 each: .Smoker, ?1. Comb Founda- 
tion, $1 26 per pound; V groove Sections, $4 per 1000 
comb Honey who esale and retail; Hives, etc. W. 
STYAN & SON, The Homestead Apiary, San Mateo. Cal. 



By order of Probate Court, in the matter of the Estate of 

I will sell at private sale to the highest bidder, for cash, 
on or after May 1, 1859, at the Ranch in Irrington, or at 
my ofHce in Oakland, 946 Broadway, Alameda Co., Cal , 
the entire flock of Thoroughbred French Merino Sheep, 
consisting of 5180 (Two hundred and eighty) Ewes, 79 
(seventy-nine) Bucks, and 180 (one hundred and eiKhty) 
Lambd. These sheep are the get of the original flock 
imported by Robert Blacow of Centerville. Mr. Roberts, 
as foreman, having charge of the flock for several years 
prior to Mr. Blacow's death, after which he became 
the owner of the entire flock, which he has kept purely 
for stock purposes. 

All interested in Thoroughbred Sheep should be famil- 
iar with this fl ck, which has become famous under the 
care and management of Mr. Roberts; always receiving 
first premiiinia, having been sold to Europe, South Amer- 
ica and all parts of the United States; individual mem- 
bers having repeatedly sold tor from S500 (five hundred) 
to $1500 (fifteen hundred) each. Sheep Men should seize 
this opportunity to secure some, as tnev must be sold 
to settle up the Estate. Address, jAMKd STAN- 
LEY, Administrator Estate J. Roberts, De- 
ceased, lUlssion San Jose, or 946 Broad- 
way, uoom 17, Oak and, Ual. 


A fine lot of young thoroughbred Holstein Bull Calves, 
registered and of the finest strains of blood, for sale. 
For particulars, address J. A. SOHOLBFIBLD, 
Manager "Bonnie Brae" Stock Ranch, Hoi- 
lister, Cal. 



It prevents disease, regulates the bowels and urine, 
strengthens the kidneys, prevents scouring, colic and 
leg swelling, loosens the liide, promotes the appetite, 
cures cough, destroys worms, and produces a floe glossy 
coat. $7.60 per 100 pounds. Manhattan Egg Food, in 
bulk, 12 cents per pound. Ask your dealer, or send to 
PAUL KB^aER, Agent, 206 Ulay »t . S. F. 


Registered Herd Book Stock of the Aag^ie, Notherland, 
Neptune, Cllfden, Artis and otber families. None better. 


Of the Coomassie, Alphea and other choice strains. 


POULTRY— Nearly all varieties. 

Poultry and Stock Book, EO cents by mail, postpaid. 
Twelve years experience oo this coast. Address 

WM. NILES, Lo8 Angelea, GaL 




Dealer in Special 

Aivaice Eigiiies and 

The Best Thresher and 
Engine in the 

The Rtraw-Burn- 

Ine Engine 
Is the Latest and Best. 

Shipman and Acme Coal Oil Engines, 

No Dirt, no Engineer Required. 

Laundry Machinery, 

Krieliel Engines 

— AND — 

Steam Geneiatorg. 

Of all Kinds. 

Challenge Axle 

Farm, Church and 
School Bells. 



Fire Engines and 

haim Drill. Only $8.00. 

BIcksmith Drills and Forges. 


5 oo 


No Hot Water Pipes to Heat your House. 

Worth's Patent Combined Screw and 
Toggle Lever Wine, Cider and 
Olive Press. 

Using two baskets so 
that while one is under 
the press the other can 
he eniptied and filled 
ready to move under 
the press as soon as the 
first basket is pressed. 
First Premium awarded 
at all fairs wherever ex- 
hibited. Parties desir- 
ing a press combining 
Power, Speed and Ease 
t<> Handle, can see them 
: t the wineries of the 
f->lluwing Parties who 
' iiive purchased and are 
lining them at their 
u iiieries; Arpad Har- 
aszthy & Co , San Fran- 
cisco; I'roi. liii.; If J, LouLrsity of California, Berkeley; 
J. B. J. Portal, San Jose; I. Dd Turk, banta Rosa; Paul 
O. Burns' Wine Co., San Jose; Geo. West, Stockton; 
Kate P. Warfield, Glen Ellen; Joseph Drummond, Glen 
Ellen; Lay Clark & Co., Santa Rosa; J & F. Huller, 
Windsor; R. C. Stiller, Oubscrville; Vache Freres, Old 
San Bernardino; J. K. Crank, San Gabriel; Wm. Allen, 
San Gabriel; Wm. Metzer. Santa Rosa; J, Lawrence Wat- 
son, Glen Ellen; Walter Phillips, Santa Rosa; Ely T. 
Sheppard, Glen Ellen; Wm., PfetTcr, Gubserville; Joseph 
Walker, Windsor; Raocbito FruiC&Wine Co., Ranchito; 
Downey Fruit & Wine Co., Downey; Wm Paimtag, Hol- 
lister; A. Buinham & Sons, Bennetts Valley; E. E. Uever, 
Wrights; Hill & Marshall, PeUluma; C. Weller, Warm 
.Springs; Seward Cole, Colegrove; Chas. J, Dunz, Healds- 
burg; Ulen Terry Wine Co., Clayton; H. L. Gordon, San 
Jose; Mrs A. C. Furniss, Calistoga; B. W. Halleubeck, 
Santa Clara; Thos. Buckingham, Kolscyville; Buckner 
Bros & lieiina. Santa R isa: C. P. Howes, San Francisco; 
CucamonKa Vinevard Co., Cucamonga; J. C Mazal, Pino; 
Dr. W. W. Hays, Nordhoff; Wm. Maitl%nd, Boulder 
Creek; Madam Kloss, Olenwood; D. H. Delmas, Mount- 
ain View; Wm. Bihler, Lakeville; J. L. Beard, Center- 
ville; M. Bollotti, Sonoma; John Umkelman, Fulton; 
R. J. Northam, Anaheim; J. Auzerias, San Jose; Q. C. P. 
Sears, Sonoma; J. D. Williams, Cupertino; James Fin- 
layson, Healdshurg; P. & J. J. Gobbi, Uealdsburg. 
Also Worth's Improved Grape Elevators, Improved 
continuous Pressure Hydraulic Presses, Worth's Patent 
Power Grape Steinmer and Crusher, Worth's Patent 
Horse-Power and all kinds of machinery for wine-makers. 
The Large Togule Lever and Screw Press is capable of a 
pressure of 26V tons or 300 pounds to the square Inch, the 
small press has 36 tons or 240 pounds to the equarc inch. 
Petaluma Foundry b Machine Works, 
P. O. Box Petaluma, Sonoma Oo.,kOaL 



Have taken the First 
Premiums at the State Fair 
for the last three years. 






This pai>er la printed wltb Ink Manufac- 
tored by Obarles Bneu Johnson & Oo., 600 
South lOth St., Philadelphia. Branch Offi- 
ces— 47 Rose St., New Tork, and 40 La Salle 
St, Oblcaffo. Asrent forlthe Pacific Ooast— 
Joseph H Dorety, 529 Oommerdal St., 8. F. 

July 13, 1889.] 






Aathorized Capital $1,000,000 

Capital paid up and Reserve Fund 800.000 
DlTldendg paid to Stockholders.. 5 75,620 


A. D. LOGAN Preaident 

I. C. STEELE Vice-President 

ALBERT MONTPELLIER Cashier and Manager 


Qeneral Banking. Deposits received, Gold and Silver. 
Bills of Exchange bought and sold. Loans on Wheat 
and country produce a specialty. 

July 1, 1889. A. MONTPELLIER, Manager. 

COOK S SPRINGS, Colusa Co.,Cal. 

17 Miles West of Sites. 

The Cook's Spring Stage will meet the train at Sites 
Station Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, at 3 p. m., 
arriving at Cook's Springs at 7 p. m. same day. Fare $2.50, 


Board at Hotel $10 per week. Comfortable Cabins, 
good Camping facilities. Waters celeb atcd for cures o' 
Khenmatism, Diabetes, Phthisis, Hemorrhage, Gall 
Stones of the Liver, Skin diseases, Bright's disease and 
Dropsy or Rheumatism of the Ueart or Stomach. 
It prevents waste of tissue. Springs are in charge of a 
regular physician of long standing who was cured of a 
stubborn disease by the waters and who now solicits 
the hardest chronic caies. For analysis of water, refer- 
ences to patients cured and full particulars, adilress 

Dr. J. P. WELCH, Proprietor. 

The Celebrated H. H. H Liniment. 

The H. H. H. liiniment is for the treatment of 
the Aches and Pains of Humanity, as well as for the ail- 
ments of the beasts of the fields. Testimonials from 
importers and breeders of blooded stock prove its won- 
derful curative properties. No man has ever used it for 
an ache or pain and been dissatisfied. 

H. H. MOORE & SONS, Stockton, Cal., Proprietors. 
FOK Sale bt all DRcaoisTS, 


Are the Best , 


Durability, Evenness of 
Point, and Workmanship. 

Samples for trinl of 12 different styles by mail, on 
receipt of lO cents in stamps. Ask for card No. 8. 

IVISON. BUKEMAN & CO., ^^L^'SP^rr^' 




Garibaldi Bulldins, 

p. O. Box No. 7. 

California Inventors 

Should consult 


AND FoREioN Patent Solicitokh, for obtaining Patents 
and Oaveat.s. Established iu 1S60. Their long experience as 
journalists and large practice as Patent attorneys enables 
them to offer Pacific Coast Inventors far better survice than 
they oan obtain elsewhere. Send for free circulars of Infor 
mation. Office of the Uinin a ah d Soi iNTtrio Press and 
PAoirio Rural PREgg No. 320 Market St., San Franoboo 
EleTStor, U Vront St. 



(Formerly Sec'y & Land Officer of Immigration Ass'n. 

C. H. STREET & CO., 





Send 10 cents for C. H. Street & Co.'s map and description of California and colony lands (74 pages). Land for 
sale in large or small tracts on the coast or in the interior; valley, hill, mountain, open, timber, mineral, or non- 
mineral land, improved or unimproved; with or without irrigation; suitable for stock, dairy, grain, fruit, or gen- 
eral farming; for investment or actual settlement; lor cash or on installment; will show Government land. C. H. 
Street & Co., 416 Montgomery St. 



Warehouse and Wharf at Port Costa. 


Money advanced on Qrain in Store at lowest possible rates of Interest. 
Full Cargoes of Wheat furnished Shippers at short notice. 

ALSO ORDERS FOR GRAIN BAGS, Agricultural Implements, Wagons, Groceries 
and Merchandise of every description solicited. 

E. VAN EVERY, Manager. A. M. BELT, Assistant Manager 


On account of the death of F. A. Bkioos, Manager of the Pacific Coast 
Branch of the Amesbury (Mass. ) Carriage Factory, the whole stock of fine 
light Carriages, Buggies, Carts, Robes, Harness, Whips, etc., is offered for 
sale at lees tiiau cost, to settle the estate. C. CREGO, Administrator. 



The best Mineral Springs on the Pacific Coast. Cures all cases of Kidney Complaint, Malaria, Dyspepsia and 
Nervous Troubles. St. Vitus Dance cured in from two to three weeks. All Skin Diseases cured in a short time. 
There is hardly a village on the coast but can show some one who has been benefited here after all other means 
have failed. 

THK CLIMATE IS PERFECT FOR A HEALTH RESORT, and the surroundinfTS are such that all can find 
amusement. Trout Streams and Game near the Hotel. Rink, Bowling Alley, Croquet Grounds, and good Music 
for Dancing for those who come for pleasure. 


With large shady verandas and other comforts. 

We are determined that this place shall be second to none, and we can provide accommodations to suit all, 
from the best to the cheapest. Cottages for Housekeeping furnished with the following articles only, viz.: Stove 
and utensils, Table, Chairs and Bedsteads. 

ROUTES— They can be reached via Hopland. S. F. & N. P. C. R. W., from San Francisco, Fare $8.00. arriving 
next day at noon, or S. P. R. R. via Sites, Fare $9 00, through same day, arriving at 10:30 p. m. 


N. B. — Ship articles, such as beddine, etc., by freight, several days ahead. addressed to yourself, Bartlett Springs, 
via Williams. Store, Express, Post and Telegraph Offices, Stable, Meat Market and Barber Shop on the grounds. 

L. E. MoMAHAN & SONS, Props. 

G. W. YOUNT, Manager. 


Manufacturers of 





cfc CJO., 

Importers and Dealers in 


Horse and Mule Shoes, Putnam, Globe and Northwestern Horseshoe Nails, HARDWOOD LUMBER AND WAGON 
MATERIALS, Blacksmith and Carriage Makers' Supplies. 


Specially manufactured for use in Artesian Wells, and tor conveying water charged with Salts and Mirferals, Acids, 
Gases or other substances of a corrosive nature. In building it takes the phce of either black or galvanized piping 
for gas, water-waste, etc. Catalogues and testimonials, from large users in the United States, sent on application. 



Situated ten miles northeast of FRESNO, in the fertile DRY CREEK BASIN, joining the well-known THERMAL 
BELT of the Sierras. Free from early and late frosts and hot and cold winds. No trace of alkali. At the junction 
of the MOUNTAIN and OAKDALK RAILROADS. A Water-riiiht in the Enterpri^'e Canal deeded with eac:h lot. 
Finest RAISIN, FRUIT and ALFALFA lands for sale in TWENTY-ACRE LOTS Price «8o per acre; one-third cash 
balance in one, two and three years Also, a large list of City and Country property. 


Office, North I Street, DeLong BuUdlns, FRESNO, OAL. 

Co[nini33io|i ^erchapt;. 


— AND — 

Commission Merchants, 

309 and 311 Sansome St., San Francisco, 


Bull Dog brand Bass' Pale Ale and Guin- 
ness Sxtra Stout. 

Elephant brand BcgUsli Portland Cement. 

Putlmachos Powder and Cement, inde- 
structible and Infallible. 

Bohe & Bro.'s New YorU Lard. 

KornafuU India Tea. Calcutta. 

New Lambton Coals, Newcastle, N. S. W. 

Mexican Phosphate & sulphur Co., Super- 
phosphate Fertilizer. 









Commission Mercl^ants 



Green and Dried Fruits, 
Grain, Wool, Hides, Seans and Potatoes. 

Advances made on Consignments. 
308 & 310 Davis St., San Francisco 

[P. O. Box 1936.) 
^^Consignments Solicited. 




501, 503, 505, 507 and 609 Front Street 
and 300 Washington St., S. F. 

General Commission Merchants. 


Poultry, Eggs, Game, Grain, Produce and 





39 Olay Street and 28 Commercial Street 
San Franoisoo, Cal, 



— AKD — 

General Commission Merchants, 

810 California St., S. F. 

Members of the San Francisco Produce Exchange 

^'Personal attention given to Sales and Liberal Ad- 
ances made on Consignments at low rates of interest. 

EoGENB J. Gregory. [Established 1852.] Frank Oreoort. 


Commission Merchants, 


126 and 128 J St., - Sacramento, Cal. 

San Francisco Office, 31.*) Davlg St. 



And Dealers in Fruit, Produce, Poultry, Game, EggB, 
Hides, Pelts, Tallow, etc., 422 Front St., and 221, 228, 
226 and 227 Washineton St., San Francisco. 


Commission Merchants, 

Green and Dried Fruit, Produce, Eggs, Etc. 
Consignments solicited. 413, 416 & 417 Washington St., 
San Francisco. 

Fruit and General Commission Merchants 

BRioR storib: 
408 & 410 Davis St., San FranclBCO 


Commission Merchants. 

All Kinds of Qreen and Dried Fruits. 

oansiavuiivTft ROi.iniTiin «94 DrvIp St.. S. W 

We have some extra room 
suitable for storage pur- 
poses, which we wUl let on 
very reaaonable terms, 
DBWSX k 00., 220 Market atreet, Sad Franciaoo, 0*1, 




[Jdly 13, 1889 

Market Review. 


San Francisco, July lo, 1889. 
Cool and unseasonable weather the past week in- 
terfered to some extent with the local trade in or- 
chard products, but helped garden truck. In grain, 
trading has been freer, with higher prices paid. The 
Eastern and European wheat markets have been 
steadily advancing. The following is to-day's 
cablegram : 

LiVEKPOOL, July 10. — Wheat— California spot 
lots, 7s id@7S 4d; California off coast, 35s 6d; just 
shipped, 3SS 3d; nearly due, 35s 6d; cargoes off 
coast, improving; on pass.ige, held higher; French 
country markets, steady; Mark Lane wheat, dearer. 

Liverpool Wheat Market. 

The following are the closing prices paid for wheat 
options per ctl. for the past week: 

July. Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. 


Friilav 7slid "sld Tsjd 7f}l Tsid VeOd 

Saturday Tsjd "sOd 7»id 7»iid Tsjd 7sid 

Monday 7s} ( 79lid 7i(13d 78lid 7slld 78ld 

Tuesday 7s2jd 7»3d 7s3id 7s3J 78311 7sSd 

The following are the prices for California cargoes 
for off coast, nearly due and prompt shipments for 
the past week: 

O. C. P. S. N. D. Market 


Friday 34^9d 3t»(id 3466 1 t^uiet. 

Saturday SSsOd 35s0d SosOd Strorir. 

Monday SSsOil SSsOd 35sOd strong. 

Tuesday 35e3d SisOd 3580d Ilard'oing. 

Eastern Qraln Markets. 

The following shows the closing prices of wheat 
in New York for the past week: 

Day. July. Aug. Sept. Oct. Dec. 

Thursday • • . 

Friday Sej S4J 85 86 87J 

Saturday 8e be 858 • • • Si 

Monday 87 g 86J 88i ... 89 

Tuesday S8i 87J 87 87} 89J 

The closing prices lor wheat have been as follows, 
at Chicago for the past week: 

Day. July. Aug. Sept. Dec. 


Fridav 77i 77S 793 

Saturday 82i 78i 7Si 80 

Monday 83i 798 791 SIJ 

Tuesday 84} Sli 80? 82= 

New York, July lo.— Wheat— goJic for cash, 
88%c for July, Sj'Ac for August, 87 ^Cc for Septem- 
ber, 90KC for December. 

Foreign Grain Review. 

London, July 8. — The Mark Lane Express in its 
review of the British grain trade for the past week, 
says: English trade of wheat is slow at an advance. 
Flour is stronger and 6d higher. Foreign wheat 
has fair inquiry; white is 6d better. Corn is firm 
and 6d dearer. Rye 6d dearer on a report that the 
Russian and German crops are below the average. 
Oats have advanced 6d. .At to-day's market En- 
glish wheat was firm and 6d dearer. California 
wheat is 6d@is dearer. Flour is 6d better. 

California Frulta Bast. 

New York, July 3. — The California Fruit Union 
this morning sold one Union Pacific carload of fruit, 
numbered 40,618, consigned by Gregory Bros. & 
Co. , at the following prices: 107 boxes Bartlett pears 
at $4. 10 to 3.90; 159 half-crates prunes at $3.70 to 
$245; 198 boxes plums at $1.85 to $1; 113 boxes 
royal hative plums at 85 to 75 cents; 149 boxes 
Hale's early peaches at $1.05 to 75 cents. The 
prunes and plums were slightly decayed and peaches 
and hative plums in very bad order. Bartlett pears 
were Tather small. The sale is satisfactory, consid- 
ering the condition of fruit. 

Chicago, July 3.— Porter Bros.' Company sold 
to-day through the Adams and Lewis Auction Co. 
three carloads of peaches, plums and apricots. Bart- 
lett pears sold at $2 to $3, mostly at $2.75 to $3; 
Crawford peaches at j$t. 50 to $2.30; Hale's peaches 
at $1.10 to $1.70; peach plums at $1.40 to 2.05; pur- 
ple Duane plums at $1.80 to $2.25; apricots $1.60 to 

Chicago, July 5. — Porter Bros. & Co. sold to-day 
I carload of California fruit at the following prices: 
Peaches, $i.6o@i. 90; apricots $1.75®!. 80; plums, 

Chicago, July 6. — The agents for the California 
Fruit Union sold at auction to-day 5 carloads of 
fruit as follows: Bartlett pears sold at $2. io(a 2.75; 
apricots, mostly in bad order, 25C@$2.2o; purple 
Duane plums, $1.60(0)1.95; prunes, German, $1.55 
@2; Washington plums, $2.65; French prunes, 
$1.30; Hale's early peaches $1.55; Crawford peach- 
es, $2.55; peach plums, $i.75@i.8s. 

New York, July 8 — The California Fruit Union 
sold one carload at auction to-day. There was a 
large attendance of buyers. Two hundred and fifty 
bo.xes of Birtlett pears sold at $3.25 to $3.20; 43 
boxes Crawford peaches at $i.8o to $1.30; 52 bo.ves 
boxes German prunes at $1.85 to 1.80; 158 boxes 
purple Duane plums at $2.40 to $2.10; 20 boxes 
Biadshaw plums at $2.90; 18 boxes peach plums at 
J2. 10; 70 boxes plums at $2.45 lo $1.30. The plums 
and prunes were in good order. The peaches were 
a lilt e decayed. The Bartlett pears were under- 
sized. The market is strong on all good fruit. 

Chicago, July 8.— Porter Brothers Company sold 
to-day through the Adams & Lewis Auction Com- 
pany, two carloads of pears, plums, apricots, peach- 
es and nectarines. Bartlett pears sold at $2.50 to 
2.90, prunes $1.85 to $3.05, plums $i.6o to $3.20, 
apricots, $1.10 to $1.65, peaches (good many in bad 
order) at $1.05 to $2. 10, nectarines $1.50. 

New York, July 9. — The California Fruit Union 
agents auctioned one carload of fruit to-day at the 
loUowing prices: 400 boxes Bartlett pears at $3.20 to 
$3,15. 6u boxes purple Duane plums at $2.40. The 
demand continues very good, and larger supplies 
would have done equally well. 

Chicago, July 9. — Porter Brothers' Company 
sold to-day through the Adams & Lewis Auction 
(Company, one carload of pears and plums, Bart- 

lett pears sold at $2.45 to >2.55, and plums sold at a 
$1.60 to $1.70. 

E. L. Goodsell, under date at New York, July 3d, 
writes as follows: I enclose herewith price catalogue 
of my first sale at auction, at my salesroom, of Cali- 
fornia fruits, under the direction of the Golden Gate 
Fruit Association. Bartlett pears, $3.50 to $4.25; 
Hale's early peaches, $1.50 to$2; Crawlord peaches, 
$2.75 to $3.25; Tragedy prunes, $3 to $3.75; Royal 
hative plumes, $1.50 to 175; peach plums, $2.00 to 
$2.25; purple Duane plums, $2.25 to $2.50; and 
apricots, $1.75 to $2.25. (Full weight.) 

New York, July 10. — To-day the California Fruit 
Union auctioned one car of fruits at the following 
prices: Two hundred boxes Birllett pears at $3.10; 
51 boxes early Crawford peaches at $1.30 to 75 cents; 
138 boxes German prunes at $1.75 to $1.60; 3 boxes 
Italian prunes at $3- 35; 139 boxes purple Duane 
plums, $2.05 to $1.60; 41 boxes Columbia plums, 
$2 to 85c; 28 boxes Bransham plums, $2 to $1.80; 
57 boxes small plums, $1.15. Early Crawford 
peaches were in very bad condition. The other fruit 
was in good order. Large-sized plums and prunes 
are in strong demand. 

Chicago, July 10. — The Porter Brothers Com- 
pany sold to-day through the Adams and Lewis 
Auction Company, five carloads of peaches, pears, 
plums, grapes and nectarines. Peaches (good many 
in bad order) sold at 7sc to $2.15; Bartlett pears, 
$2.30 to $2.60; prunes, $1.45 to $2.40; Fontainbleau 
grapes, $3.10 to $3.25; nectarines, 90c to $1.55; 
plums, $1.15 to $2.60. 

Cblcaeo Live-Stock Market. 

Beeves. Steers. Hogs. Sheep. 

Thursday ..$ $ %... $ 

Fridav 4.00;S«.25 3.35(*4.10 4.20@4.40 3 2.')Ca4.30 

Saturday... 4.00(!!4. 40 8.40(*4.15 4 2.5t(i)t.45 3 2.^(<t4.35 
Mondav.... 4.0(Ka4.26 3.40(n>4.10 4.25(^4.46 3.50(a4 20 

Eastern Wool Markets. 

New York, July 6.— Bradstreet's says: Wool is 
selling pretty well in seaboard markets, but less 
freely than it would if the supply was larger or the 
cost of the new clip in the country less. Stocks of 
wool are greatly reduced, while lofts cannot be re- 
plenished except at a considerable advance. Prices 
are therefore very firm, with a general tendency up- 
ward. All that is lacking to establish trade is great- 
er certainty as to the course of the goods market. 
Montana agents call the clip in that Territory the 
largest on record, and its condition is remarkably 
fine. Active buying has continued at the London 
sales, and the European situation appears to be 
everywhere strong. This, of course, encourages 
domestic producers and holders. 

At Boston the volume of business is fair, and 
prices are about i cent higher than a week ago for 
leading descriptions. Comparatively little is doing 
in Ohio and Michigan fleeces on account of the 
light arrivals. Texas wool has sold to a large 
amount. California has moved satisfactorily, and 
Territory stock is in request. Carpet wools are 
dull. The sales of the week at Boston are reported 
at 2.965,600 pounds, as against 3,227,000 pounds 
last week and 1,068,700 pounds in the correspond- 
ing week a year ago. 

At Philadelphia, wool trade has ruled quiet. 
Manufacturers are reluctant to pay advanced prices 
which dealers have been compelled to ask, on ac- 
count of higher cost of staple in country markets. 
The movement thereof is chiefly in small lots tor 
urgent requirements. Supplies are increasing, but 
as yet the assortments available are not sufficient lo 
admit of active trading, even if manufacturers were 
disposed lo operate freely at current prices. 

Flour Advancing In England. 

Leeds, July 9. — The Corn Millers' Association 
here has made a further advance of one shilling a 
sack in the price of flour. This action has been 
taken on account of bad reports of crops in Russia, 
combined with a decrease in foreign arrivals. 


New Vork, July 6. — Hides are something better 
for prime. Selected California dry, is@is>jc; Riv- 
er Platte, i6c. 

Mustard seed is dull at 2jic. 

California honey is wanted. The State crop was 
diminished by rains. 

Loose raisins are out of market. layers drag. 

So many canned fruits are on the way, by rail, to 
be cared lor, that buyers will not make ventures for 

Prunes are sold up close. 

Dried fruits are expected to open low this season. 
Local Markets. 


Buyer Season. 'Seller 1889. Buyer 1889. 

H. L. H. L. H. L. 




Monday 77j 77J 86 S.")} 

Tuesday 93 93 78} 78 87 86 


S. S. B S. B. '89. *a'89 'R'Sg. 

Thursday -J j* 

Friday | f ; 

Saturday ^ 

{?•;::: ^ if 

^-"'"^ U-:::: :::: 

— "After August 

B^GS— The market has held fairly steady at 7Ji 
to 8c for Calcuttas. The demand is only fair. 

BARLEY — The market has continued to exhibit 
growing strength for both cash and futures. Har- 
vest .advices are of the same tenor heretofore re- 
ported. In futures, trading has shown more activity 
at a higher range of values. The following are the 
sales reported on to-day's Call : 

Morning Session: Buyer 1889 — 300 tons, SyJ^c. 
Seller 1889— new— 100 tons, 78MC ^ ctl. Afternoon 
.Session: Buyer 1889— 200 tons, 87 J^c; 100, 87HC 

^ Ctl. 

liUTTElR — The market shows a hardening tend- 
ency for choice to gilt-edged, but fair to medium is 
still in the dumps. The stock of pickle in this city 
on July 4th was 4260 barrels, against 2935 barrels 
on July 5, i888. The quantity in hands of dairymen 
is reported to be larger than at this time in 1888. 
The quantity of 1888 pickled butter held in this city 
is 873 barrels, 

CHEESE — The market took quite a little jump 
the past week, until at the close the range of values 
is given at 8 to loc a lb. The stock is largely re- 
duced and well concentrated. 

EGGS — The market for strictly choice, fresh-laid 
is quite strong, but for other qualities it is easier. 
The advance in prices is attracting supplies, but 
then the con.sumption is increasing. 

FLOUR— The market is strong, with an advanc- 
ing tendency. 

WHEAT — The market for sample parcels has 
gradually crept up, notwithstanding buyers strong 
against an improvement. .Ship-owners fought for 
higher charters. Even with iron ships 40s U. K. f. 
o. prices bid for wheat in our market is below 
European parity. The latest charter here was made 
at 38s 9d iron U. K. f. o. About all the ships arriv- 
ing under charter are at from 35s to 36s 3d iron U. 
K. The English wheat market to-day stronger, 
futures being fully id (2c) a cental higher than on 
yesterday. In futures, our market has been very 
active, with lively fluctuations. These fluctuations 
are attracting more operators. On to-day's Call, 
the following are the reported sales: 

Morning Session: Buyer 1889 — 500 tons, $1.39}^; 
100, $1.39; 100, $1.39^^; 2500, $i.39ji; 2500, 
$i.39M; 200, $1.3954; 400, $i.39>i; 500, $1,395^. 
Buyer season — 100 tons, $1.46}^; 100, $1.46}^; 500, 
$1.47; 100, $1.46^ ^ ctl. Afternoon Session: Buy- 
er 1889—100 tons, $1.38}^; 300, $1.38^; lOO, 
$i.38Ji; 600, $1.39; 100, $i.39H ^ ctl. Buyer, 
1889, after August ist— 100 tons, $1.38^5; 100, 
$1.39 t(f ctl. Buyer season — 500 tons, $1.46; 100, 
$1,465^; 300, $1,465^; 300. $1.46^ ^ ctl. 


Market Information. 

Produce Receipts. 

Receipts of produce at this port the week ending 
July 9th, were as follows: 


Flour, qr. sks 126,698 

Wheat, ctls 267,909 

" 14,811 

Middlings, sks.. 
Alfalfa, " .. 
Chicory, bbls. 
Broomcorn, bdls. 

Hops, bis 

Wool, " 

Hay, tons 

Straw, " 

Wine, gals 

Brandy, " 

Raisins, bxs 

Honey, cs 

Walnuts, sks 

Flaxseed, sks 

.Mustard, sks 







Rye, " 

Oats, " 32,215 

Corn, " 4.059 

Butter, " ii542 

do bxs 408 

Cheese, ctls 792 

do bxs 

Eggs, doz 115,560 

Beans, ctls 13.659 

Potatoes, sks >9i947 

Onions, " 3,547 Flaxseed, sks 167 

Bran, sks 10, 166 .Mustard, sks 66 

Buckwheat, sks. . . 


Crop advices are confirmatory of previously pub- 
lished reports. Out of the acreage seeded to wheat 
fully 3,000,000 bushels will be harvested. The 
yield so lar goes about 18 bushels to the acre. In 
Colusa and some of the more favored counties the 
outturn of wheat ranges from 20 to 40 bushels to the 
acre, while in other counties the range is from 8 to 
20, with many localities going above the last figure. 

The wheat market the past week held very strong. 
While buyers talked prices down in this city, and 
made low bids to get the same in the dally papers to 
Influence farmers, their agents weie quietly picking 
up all the good to choice shipping obtainable in the 
country on a basis of from $1.30 up to $132^ de- 
livered at Port Costa. The strength of the Europ- 
ean markets cause large holders to entertain more 
hopeful feelings regarding the future, consequently 
buyers find considerable difficulty in finding sellers. 
The cry of short tonnage is losing force in the face 
of the number of ships on the way steadily increas- 
ing, and also to the well known characteristic of Cal- 
ifornia farmers preferring to store when prices are 
down. It is nothing for them to carry in the ware- 
house several hundred thousand tons. European 
advices report an unfavorable outlook for both Rus- 
sian and German wheat crops. The French crop is 
not turning out as well as it was expected. In the 
great wheat belt in the central States crop advices 
are fair to good, but as yet no reliable or trustworthy 
estimate as to the yield can be had. 

Barley has been strong with a steady advance in 
prices. Buyers have fougnt against an upward move, 
but to secure their requirements they had to pay 
more money. The buying was not only to meet 
let,itimate wants, but also for Call Board purposes. 
The grade that is chitfly inquired for is choice to 
gilt-edged, in both feed and brewing. It now looks 
as If we will have a large proportion of ofi color, 
due to foggy cloudy weather. The consumption 
continues very heavy. 

In oats the market has a stronger tone at an ad- 
vance. I he low prices evidently caused some quiet 
buying and a better concentration. The new crop 
it is claimed will not be offered freely at current 
quotations. The advance in oats is also to a cer- 
tain extent, in sympathy with the improved feeling 
in barley. 

Corn has held strong at full prices, under moder- 
ate receipts. The demand is only fair. 

In rye there is nothing new to report. The low 
prices are an attraction to one or two large handlers. 

Chicago mail advices report as follows: The 
weather for harvesting winter wheal is much better 
than at any time since cutting commenced. The 
harvest line has now advanced to Indiana and Ohio. 
No wheat has yet been cut in Michigan nor will be 
for 14 to 20 days yet. The general harvest results 
so far are satisfactory both as to yield and quality, 
and everything points to an early movement of the 
new crop irrespective of prices. Spring wheat shows 
no improvement. The corn crop is late, but great 
improvement is probable under existing favorable 
conditions. There seems to be plenty of old corn in 
the country. It is not moving, however, at present 


Ground barley is stronger with an advance a«ked. 
The demand continues free. In bran and middlings 
there is nothing new to report. The consumption 
call appears to be steadily growing, but then the 
supply is good. Feed meal is without essential 

Hay continues to hold up. As usual dealers 
and consumers are talking and writing the market 
down. Their great anxiety to help the farmers by 
convincing them that in holding they will lose 
money, creates suspicion that possibly it is to get on 

a selling scare so as to buy cheaper than they other- 
wise could. The consumption continues free. 


Immediately following last week's review of the 
market, the weather made a radical change, for, 
from hot and sultry, it changed to cool and in every 
unseasonable. The change had its effect on the 
market by reducing the consumption of fruit along 
the Coast. At this writing (Wednesday morning) 
the weather is cool and cloudy, with some spraying. 

Canners have paid slight advance for choice, well- 
selected, good-keeping apricots. The range is given 
at from i}4 to 2C a pound. Receipts continue free, 
with the trade only buying moderately. It is reported 
that an unusual quantity is being dried this season. 
As more attention is given to their curing the qual- 
ity ought to average better than last year's. Prices 
so far reported range as follows: Choice sundried, 
I2@i3c; good, io@i2c; poor to fair, 7@9C. Some 
gilt-edged go above outside quotations. 

Apples continue to come in freely, with the qual- 
ity only fair. Peaches show to better advantage. 
The last two days some very fine have come to 
hand. Plums and prunes are still too green. Pears 
are showing to better advantage, with the market 
firm for the more choice. Nectarines are coming 
in quite freely, as are figs; causing a weak feeling. 

In berries the market continues weak under free 
receipts. Canners continue to clean up the market 
at low prices. The first huckleberries of the season 
were received the past week by Whitland & Freder- 
icson of this city. They sold at i2}^c a pound. 
Currants are going out. 

California oranges are about gone. Lemons are 
very strong. Mexican limes are steady. 

In dried fruits all that appears to be doing is in 
apricots, which are selling to better advantage than 
many claimed they would. 

It is reported that there is some inquiry tor next 
season's raisins, but so far as obtainable the inquiry 
partakes more of the characrer of "feelers" than 
actual business. Crop advices are of the most favor- 
able character. 

Grapes are coming in more freely, but as yet the 
demand is offish. 


The market is very strong, with a good demand 
ruling, owing to a short crop. A Pomona exchange 
says: The bee-keepers have found that the failure 
of the product this year is caused by the lack of 
honey in the white sage brush and the thousands of 
wild flowers, which are mines of wealth for the Cali- 
fornia bees. Botanists who have examined the 
brush and flowers cannot find a drop of honey in 
them. This has been caused by the rains last 
spring, followed by cool, damp weather for three or 
four weeks. The fact that there will be a very great 
shortage in the Southern California honey yield has 
caused a rise in the market for the product, and 
honey that sold for five cents a pound a month ago 
is now selling for six and seven cents. Many bre- 
keepers say that it will go to 12 cents a pound t>e- 
fore next January, and perhaps higher. 

Messrs. Schart & Lempke of this city says: Sev- 
eral bee ranches which usually produce lbs. 
a year will not have 10,000 lbs. this year. A num- 
ber of ranchers have also given up the honey busi- 
ness. The loss in these districts is attributed to the 
heavy rains last spring, which started the blossom- 
ing of the flowers, but owing to the cold nights they 
did not secrete the usual amount of honey. There 
will probably be a raise in prices and especially in 
the Eastern market, which depends on California's 
extracted honey. If, however, the bees do some 
good work in July and August, as they did in 1884 
under similar circumstance, we may be able to pull 
through all right and fill all demands. 


The consumption of meats is increasing, due to 
the cool weather, and also to campers returning 
home. This season nearly 20 per cent of the mid- 
dle and richer classes were out camping or touring. 
The market for both bullocks and mutton sheep 
shows a steady firmer tone, but owing to the large 
available supplies prices do not advance. Hogs are 
steadier. The advance in hams may f.jvorably 
affect hogs for packing. At present the demand is 
chiefly for the block. 

In horses there is nothing new to report further 
than heretofore published. 

The market for dressed cattle is quoted as fol- 
lows [to obtain the price on foot, take off from the 
price for stall-fed one-third to one-half according to 
the nature of the feed and time fed; and for grass- 
fed take off the price from 40 to 60 per cenll: 

HOGS — On foot, grain fed, 5 "^©e He |?lb.; 
dressed. 8@9C 1$ lb.; soft, 5@sHc|»lb. ; dressed, 
8@9C 1$ lb. Slock hogs, s@6c # lb. 

BEEF— Stall fed, 6@6}^c ^ lb.; grass fed, extra 
SK@6 t?lb.; first quaUty, 5Jf@5Kc^lb.: second 
quality 4M@5C # lb.; third quality, 3M@4Kc >$ 
lb. ; bulls and thin cows, 2@3C ^ lb. 

VEAL— Small, 7@9c ^Vb. \ large. sK@7«c 

MUTTON— Wethers, 5 M@6c lb.; ewes, 5® 
S>ic ^?lb.; lamb, spring, 7'A@S%c lb. 


Trade the past week in garden truck has been 
good, and although receipts in several branches 
were heavy, they cleaned up well. Tomatoes are 
taken freely for canning. Picklers are buying cu- 
cumbers quite freely. Cabbages are doing better 
under a good call and only moderate offerings. Root 
vegetables are without essential change. Beans are 
slightly easier. 

Onions after receding to a lower level, are closing 
the week under review, with a hardening tendency 
for the more choice silverskin. Picklers are picking 
up consignments suitable for their wants. 

Potatoes have been steadily advancing under light 
receipts and a good home and shipping demand. 
The quality mostly Inquired for Is good keepers, free 
from defects, of good average size and mealy. 

Poultry has held steady at full prices throughout 
the week. 

Beans have come in quite freely, but the home 
and shipping demand have kept values firm. 

Hops are firm. It is said that some of the 
coming season's crop, has been contracted for at 
15c a pound. The exports from New York for the 
first six months of the year compare as follows: 
1887, 1342 tales; 1888, 7467 bales; and 1889, 21,- 
395 bales. 

Hams are about one-half cent a pound higher. 
Wool continues very strong under a good demand. 
An advance on outside quotations is paid for the 

Jdly 13, 1889.] 

f ACIFie [^URAb js> RESS. 


more desirable clips. At Cloverdale 22 ^ @23 c has 
been paid. 

The following are the main items of export from 
this port during the past week: Flour, 21,800 bbls 
to Dublin, 3348 to China and 162 to Japan; wheat, 
13,482 ctls to Sydney and 59,381 to Cork; oats, 6029 
ctis to Sydney; beans, 1031 ctls to China; 399 ctls 
to Sydney; barley, 4070 ctls to Sydney; wool, 
34,845 lb to Boston (via C. P. R. R.) Canned 
fruits, cases, to Batavia, ni, Penang, 50, .Soura- 
baya, 50, Sydney, 550. New York, (via C. P. R. R.) 
350; canned vegetables, 250 cases to Sydney. 

From the Commercial AVzfiofJuly loth the fol- 
lowing summary of tonnage movement is compiled: 
1889. 1888. 

On the way to this port 258,640 309,410 

On the way to neighboring ports 27,278 113,198 

In port, disengaged 16,027 43i477 

In port, engaged for wheat 48,216 24,161 

Totals 350,161 490,246 

To get the carrying capacity, add 60 per cent to 

the registered tons as given above. 

From July ist '89 to July 9th, the following are the 

exports from this port: 1889. 1888. 

Wheat, ctls 43.89S 

Flour, bbls 603 

Barley, ctls 404 

Domestic Produce. 

Extra choice In good packageR fetch an advance on top 
quotatfouB. while very poor grades sell less than the lower 






Bayo, ctl 2 50 (a 2 90 

Butter 2 50 @ 2 8> 

Pea 2 10 ® 2 35 

Bed 2 35 O 2 75 

Pink 2 40 (S 2 60 

Large White ... — ® — 
8m?U White .. 2 10 @ 2 35 
Lima... .. 4 50 (a 5 60 

Fid Peas.blkeye -@ — 
do new gr(»en I 60 @ 2 00 

do — @ — 

South'n ^ ton. .75 00 ®95 00 

Northern 80 00 (§35 00 


OaUfomla 6 @ 6J 

German 6J@ 7 



OaL Poortofair.lblO @ 
do good to choice 16 @ 
do Fancy br'nds 20 @ 
do pickled 17 @ 

Eastern in tubs. 14 @ 
do in rolls. . . . 12}@ 


Oal, new.choice. 8 @ 

do old — Q 

do fair to good 

new 6i@ 


Oal. ranch, doz. 24 @ 

do. store 18 (a 

Eastern, limed.. — @ 
Eastern, fresh. . 15 @ 

Bran, ton 13 .50 @)15 00 

Feedmeal 25 00 (827 50 

Gr'd Barley \h 50 @)7 50 

Middlings 16 50 (»19 00 

Oil Oake Meal..30 00 @ — 
Per 100 lbs.... 7 60® 
Old not quoted. 
Compressed .... 8 00 @12 00 
Wheat, per ton . 7 60 vSlS 50 
Wheat and Oats 7 00 (ftiVl 60 

Wild Oata 8 00 @1I 50 

Clover 6 00 @10 00 

Cultivated Oats 7 00 @10 00 

Barley 6 00 @ 9 60 

Barley and Oats 5 00 @ 7 50 

Alfalfa 4 00 (a 6 00 

.Stock Hay 3 .''0 (ft 6 00 

AlfalfaC'mprsd 7 00 @ 8 50 

Straw bale 55 O 90 

Extra, CityMills 4 00 @ 4 25 
do Oo'try Mills 3 85 @ 4 25 

Superline 2 50 © 3 25 

Barley, feed, ctl. 67i(a 77J 
do brewing... 80 @ 90 
do do Choice. . 
Chevalier cnce 
do com to good 

Buckwheat 3 OO @ 3 25 

Com, White. ... 1 15 @ 1 25 

Yellow 1 20 (d 1 30 

Oats, milllug.... 1 17.1@ 1 27J 

Choice feed 1 12i@ 1 17i 

do good 1 05 @ 1 10 

do fair 1 00 @ 1 02J 

do Gray — (? — 

Ry» 85 @ 95 

Wheat, milling. 
Gilt edged.... 1 38J@ 1 42 J 

do Choice 1 35 @ 1 37* 

do fair to good 1 32i(a 1 33J 
Shipping, cho'ce 1 31 @ 1 33i 

do good. 1 2- J <?. 1 30 

do fair 1 2Bi@ 1 283 


Dry. . . 


I (» 1 50 

95 g 1 05 
— <m 

WEDNE.SDAY, July 10, 1889. 

Red 15 (a 40 

Silver Skin 50 (rti 75 

NUTS -Jobbing. 
Walnuts, Oal. lb 5 ^ 8 

do Chile 7 @ 10 

Almonds, hd shl. 5 @ — 

Softshell 9 ^ 10 

Paper shell... 12 (a 13 

Brazil 8 @ 9 

Pecans 7.i@ 124 

Peanuts 5 w 6 

Filberts 10 @ 12 

Hickory 5 @ 8 

Early Rose, sks. 70 @ 1 25 

Chile 60 (g 85 

Peerless 80 @ 1 00 

Jersey Blues. .. . — ^ — 
River Reds. 
Burbanks. . , 
Cutfey Cove 

Sweet — 

Tomales — (a — 

Swe^t 3 ("> 4S 


Hens, doz 6 00 @ 8 00 

RooBters.old.... 6 00 ® 7 00 

do young 7 00 ^iilO 00 

Broilers 2 50 (8 7 00 

Ducks, tame 4 00 © 6 50 

Geese, pair 1 00 @ 1 50 

do Goslings. . . 1 25 @ 1 60 
Turkeys, Gobl'r. 18 @ 21 
Turkeys, Hens. . 16 @ 18 
do dressed — (a — 
Pigeons, old ... 2 CO (* 2 50 
do young. I 50 (ai 2 00 
Rabbits, doz.... 1 00 @ 1 26 

Hare 1 60 @ 2 00 

Manhattan, ^ lb 12 @ — 

Oal. Bacon, 

Heavy, lb § ~ 

Medium lli@ — 

Light.. 12 © — 

Eitra Light.. 13 @ — 

Lard 9 @ 

Cal. Sm k'dBoef 11 @ 

Hams, Cal 13 @ 

do Eastern... 14i@ 

Alfalfa 12 ® 

Canary 3i@ 

Clover, Red.... 12 @ 

White 20 @ 

Cotton 20 @ 





Millet, German. 

do Common.. 
Mustard, yellow 
do Brown .... 


Ky. Blue Grass. 

2d quality 

Sweet V. Grass. 

Orchard 14 @ 16 

Hungarian... 74@ 8 

11 (g 
6 @ 

Oregon, 1887 .... 

do 1888 .... 
California, 1887 .. 
do 1888.. 

6 @ 
14 (a 

6 @ 
14 @ 

Lawn 27J^ 

Mesqult. . . 

Crude, lb.. 
Refined. . . 

SPRINO— 1889. 
Humboldt aod 


Sac'to valley 

Free Moimtaln. 
S Joaquin valley 

do mountain. 
Cala'v & F'th'll. 
Oregon Eastern. ^„ 

do valley 20 # 

So'n Coast, def.. 11 @ 
So'n Coast, free. 14 @ 

20 @ 
15 @ 
20 @ 
17 @ 
)5 @ 
13 @ 

Fruits and Vegetables. 

Extra choice in 
quotations, while 
Apples, bx, com 

do Choice 1 

do E'st'ru, bbl 
Bananas, bunch 1 

Cranberries 7 

Lirae^, Mex, 4 

do Jal, 
LemonB,Cal.. bx 2 
do Sicily, box, 7 
do do seedling 3 
Pineapples, doz. 3 
Bl'klierries, chst 3 
Raspberries chst 4 
Strawber'fl chest 4 
do fair to good 2 
Gooseberries, lb. 

do choice 
Cherry Plums . . 

per drawer 
Cherries, red, bx 
do blk bx 
do white bx 
Pear.s (Jh'ce, bx 1 
do fair to good 
Poaches, per bx 
choice. . 
do fair to good 

do poor 

Plums, Ch'ce.bx 
do, fair to good 
Nectarines, box 
Crabapiiles, box 

Sweetwater, bx 
Figs, black, box 
do vhlte do 

good packages fetch an advance on top 
very poor grades neil less than the lower 

Wednksday, July 10, 1889. 
25 & 70 Apricot3.C'm,bx 25 (r* 35 
00 (g 1 50 do choice 40 (a) 60 

Currants chest, 3 00 @ 4 25 

per crate 2 00 (3 2 50 

WatermTn8,doz 2 00 vij 4 00 

Asparagus, bx . . 

do choice 

do extra bx . , 
Okra, dry, lb..., 
do Green lb . . 

do Com lb 
arsnips, ctl.... 
Peppers, dry, lb. 
3i(rt 5 do green, bx.. 
6 (a 7 Squash, Sum- 

— (a - 

— ca — 

— ((« — 

— Qt — 
00 Ci 1 50 
25 (a 60 

fO (a 3 53 
00 @ 8 00 
00 (» 6 00 

— (O) — 

00 (a 3 60 

OC <a 8 50 

00 (a 5 00 

00 @ 5 00 

00 @ 4 00 

00 (a 6 00 

00 @ 6 00 
00 @ 3 00 

75 (» 90 
45 @ 65 
25 06 40 
75 @ 1 CO 
40 (a 65 

50 (« 1 00 
25 (g 50 

50 (til 
25 (Si 
25 @ 

String beans. lb. 
do do Wax 

L ui uiya, i-vi. . . . . 

Beets, sk 

Oabbage, 160 lbs 

(.'arrots, sk 

Llreen Com. sk. 

do Sweet d'l 
Ureen Peas, sk. 
Sweet Peas, lb. 
Mushrooms. Cul. 


Cucumbers bx.. 

Garlic, lb 

Tomatoes, rv.,bx 
Egg Plant,bx... 

- @ 

5 ca 


5 O 


8 @ 


OO @ 1 


6 (a 


50 @ 1 


15 01 


00 (812 




2 @ 


50 (a 


60 @ 


60 @ 



60 ^ 


76 @ 1 



"f ^ 




10 ca 


25 (a 


20 m 



25 # 


75 m 1 



[Furnished for pubUcatloQ in thia paper by Nelson Gorom, Sergeant Sifm&l Service ps, U. S. A.] 


Bed Bluff. 





Lob Angeles. 

San Dlego. 


July 3- 9. 




1 Weather, 


Weather.. | 



1 Weather.. 

Rain , . . , 


I Weather.. 


Weather. . 


Temp 1 

Weather | 

Temp 1 










^ Weather.. 



































































































































































































































































Explanation.— 01. for clear; Cy., clou ly; Fr., fair; Fy., foggy; Cm., calm; — indicates too small to measure. Temperature, wind and weather at 12:00 M. (Pacific Standard time) 
with amount of rainfall in the preceding 24 hours. T indicates trace of rainfall. Observations taken at 5 p. M. instead of 12 M. 

California Products at Chicago. 

Chicago, July lo. — California Green Fruits: De- 
mand fair; arrivals ample for the present, and prices 
as follows: Peaches, 20-lb cases, $i.5o@2; Craw- 
fords, $; apricots, 20-lb cases, $2@2.25; 
peach plums, 20-lb cases, $i.50@2; Royal Hative 
do, $i.25@i.75; large black do, f; Bart- 
lett ppars, ^ box, $ 

Oranges — Demand rather slow, owing to the large 
quantities of other fruit in market; supplies not 
large, and held at former prices, which are as follows: 
California fancy mountain fruit, |'f box, $6(^6.50; 
Los Angeles Duarte, smutty, $3.75@4.50. 

California Dried Fruits — There was very little do- 
ing in the way of filling occasional orders for small 
lots. Nothing of importance is offered by com- 
mission men, and the only trade is with the jobbing 
houses. Prices remain as follows: 

Apricots — Evaporated, bleached, bxs, 9@iic ^ 
lb; do, sun-dried, according to quahty, 6@8c; do, 
sacks, 6@8c. Peaches — Bleached, unpeeled, boxes, 
9@ioc ^ lb; do, sks, 8K@9Kc; do, sun-dried, 
unpeeled, sks, 5@5Kc; do, peeled, bxs, choice, 
ii@i3c; just fair, 9@ioc; sks, 9@i2c. Nectarines 
— White, evaporated, bleached, bxs, 7@8c ^ lb; 
do, sun-drie(l, sks, 6@7c; do, red, evaporated, 
bleached, bxs, 6c; do, sun-dried, sks, 4@5c. Plums 
— New, pitted, sacks, S'A@6%.c ^ lb. Prunes, ac- 
cording to size, in sks and dry, 7@ioc ^ lb; damp, 
3@4c; Silver, io@i2}^c; Hungarian, sks, 3@sc. 

Raisins — Loose Muscatels, new, ^ box, $1.40® 
1. 60; do, London layers, new, $i.65@2.2S. 

Beans — Firmness continues to rule in this market, 
and prices are again a shade higher. The advance 
is not due to an increased demand, but to the fact 
that stocks are light everywhere in this country. 
Crop prospects are not regarded as good, and deal- 
ers are loading up in anticipation of a sharp advance 
early in the fall when the demand starts in. Prices 
in California have advanced so much of late that they 
are now higher than in this market. Stocks there 
are also light. Lima beans, lb, s@6c. 

California Pressed Brick. 

Mr. C. S. Preble, the affable secretary of the Un- 
ion Pressed Brick & Terra Cotta Co., was seen 
at his San Francisco office, and gives us the 
following points in regard to the large business 
which they are establishing on the Coas': '' Work 
upon our plant was begun March 13, '89. We are 
located at Va'lejo, immediately upon an extensive 
deposit of shale clay of a very fine quality — a better 
material than that from which the famous Philadel- 
phia and Baltimore pressed brick is made. Our av- 
erage brick will withstand a pressure of 16,000 
pounds to the square inch, which exceeds anything 
hitherto made upon the Coast, and is a resisting 
power greater than Quincy granite. This unusual 
density is owing to the way the clay is handled and 
to the fine quality of our machinery. Our clay is 
handled dry, by the new process, and not puddled, 
as are other pressed brick. 

The pressed brick architectural ornaments that we 
are making (the first ever made on the coast) are 
superior to the Eastern make. Our corner molded 
brick all reverse exactly, and are numbered and 
lettered, so that shades are not confused. The col- 
ors made are gray, brown, buff, mottled, black, and 
red. Only oven kilns are used, they being far 
superior. No alkali shows upon our brick. Appli- 
cation has been made for brick to be used in some 
of the finest buildings to be erected in San Francisco. 
We are filling no orders as yet, hut are making up 
stock ahead. The Eastern brick used in the Baker 
& Hamilton building cost about $100 per M, and 
in the Dreaden building on Pine street about $iio 
per M. The brick we make is equally as good in 
every way and is sold at $40 per M. We will also 
manufacture fine relief terra colta and colored tiles. 
Coal is used exclusively for fuel; crude petroleum 
may possibly be utilized in the future. By our new 
process it only takes 15 minutes to grind the clay 
and place a perfect brick in the oven; and it takes 
about three weeks to burn it properly. California 
will in the future supply the entire coast with prod- 
ucts of this kind. These facts are interesting to the 
Rural readers, as many brick buildings are being 
erected. Additional information will be given in 
the near future. 

All California Fruit-Growere 

No doubt wish to send to old friends in the Eastern 
States or foreign countries attractive pictures and 
stories of our fruit-growing scenery. In the new 
work, Califoniia Views in Natural Colors, one can 
now send postpaid lor but the price of a single ordi- 
nary photograph a book containing over 80 views 
taken expressly to illustrate this subject, with more 
interesting information about the State than could 
be written in 100 letters. Ask news dealers, or send 
50 cents (or one copy or $5 for a dozen, with list of 
addresses, to California View Publishing Co., 12 
Montgomery street, San Francisco. Agents wanted 
all over the United States. Send two-cent stamp 
for elegant circular in colors. Mention this paper. 

Beecuam's Pills cure bilious and nervous ills. 







Inferior Article 


More Profitable 
to some one 



The Crawford English and Manual Train- 
ing School. 

The proper education of the youth of both sexes is, 
to those *iho are responsible for their best interests, 
a question of vital importance. And to parents and 
guardians the selection of an educational institution 
best calculated 10 promote the desired end is a seri- 
ous and, not seldom, a puzzling matter. The sys- 
tem practiced at the Crawford School, of combining 
manual training and mental culture, appeals to the 
practical wisdom of the parent in the present age, 
as well as to the natural sense and instincts of the 

The course of study embraced in this establish- 
ment is comprehensive, comprising language, math- 
ematics, physics, chemistry, geography, history, the 
commercial and mechanical industries, book-keeping 
and actual business u^age; while especial attention 
is given to the manners, as well as the moral and 
physical well-being of the students under its charge. 
Each department is presided over by a capable and 
experienced teacher, all being und,er the manage- 
ment of the principal, Mr. T. O. Crawford, who, as 
an educator, has a wide and favorable reputation on 
the Pacific Coast. 

For convenience, healthfulness and picturesque 
beauty, the location of the Crawford School cannot 
be excelled. The buildings are commodious and 
substantial, situated amid spacious and handsome- 
ly shaded grounds, fronting on one of Oakland's 
finest streets and sloping back to the beautiful sheet 
of water known as Lake Merritt. 

Those who are interested will do well to send for 
a catalogue containing full particulars, addressing 
Mr. T. O. Crawford. Box 593, Oaklank, Cal. 


Prices Furnished, on Application. 

Joshna Hendy MacMne Works, 

Nos, 39 to 51 Fremont Street, 

San Francisco, Oal. 




10 Post. St.. Masonic Temple, S. F. 
[Mention Rural Press.] 




Sixty-four pj^es, cloth 
bound, containini; clia()ter8 
on Milking;, Mill< Setting, 
Cro.%m Raisin);, Cliuriiiiif;, 
Working, Salting, Packing;, 
Shipping and Marketintr. 
A lland Book for the Be- 
ginner. Full of useful in- 
formation and worth many 
times its cost. Price, by 
mail, 30 cents. Address, 
DEWEY & CO , 220 Market 
St., San Francisco, Oal. 

IMI/CUTnRQ on the Pacific Coast should secure 
111 t I VnO their Patonte through Uewey&Co.'s 
Mmma and Soibmtifio Prbab Pateot Agency, No. 220 
IterketSt, S. F. 

Inducements to Subscribers. 

To favor subscribers to this paper, and to Induce new 
patrons to try our publication, we will furnish, to those 
who pay fully oiui year in advance of dale, if rkqokstkd 
the following articles (while this notice continues), at the 
very greatly reduced figures named at the right : 

1. — The Agricultural Features of California, by Prof. 

Hilgard, 138 large pages, illustrated, cloth, with 
colored maps (full price $1) $0.25 

2. — Beauti'ul Poetic Review, entertaining and instruc- 

tive; 35 pages (a handsome and pleasing pres- 
ent) 26 

S.— Dewey's Patent Elastic Binder (cloth cover), name 
of thia paper stamped in gilt 60 

4. — Niles' Stock and Poultry Book for Pacific Coast, 

pamphlet, 120 pages, illustrated 25 

5. — Kendall's Treatise on the Horse and Diseases, 89 

pages, instructive illustrations 05 

a.— To Nbw Subscribers, 12 select back Nos. of the 

Roral Prkss, "good as new" Free 

7.— Any of Harper's, Frank Leslie's and most other first- 
class U. S. periodicals, 15 per ct. off regular rates. 
9.— Pacific Coast and Eastern Dailies and Period- 
icals, except special publicati-ons, we can usually 
give 10 to 15 per cent off advertised retail rates. 

10. — March of Empire, by Mallie Stafford 25 

1 1. — Life Among the Apaches, 322 pages, stiff cloth .25 

12. — $1 worth of choice seeds, to be selected from a list 

of 107 flower and 82 garden seeds, as previously pub- 
lished, or which list we will send on application .25 

14. — Dewey's Pat.Newspaper Fileholder(18to 36 in.) .25 

15. — European Vines Described, 83 pages 05 

19.— Webster's Dictionary, 634 pages, with 1500 illustra- 
tions; very handy and reliable 50 

23. — Architecture Simy^lified, 60 pages 05 

24. — Mother Bickerdjke's Life with the Army; patriotic 

and ably written; 168 pp., cloth, $1.00 50 

25. — Ropp's Easy Calculator, cloth, 80 pp 25 

26. — How to Tell the Age of a Horse 05 

27. — Percheron Stud Book— French— bound in 

leather, 192 pages (full price, $3) 1.00 

28. —What Every One Should Know; a cyclopedia of 

valuable information; 510 pp.; cloth; (full price 

SI) 50 

29. — Knitting and Crochet, by Jennie June; 144 pp., 

200 illustrations 25 

30. — Needle Work, by Jennie June; 12 pp., 200 illus- 

trations 26 

31. — Ladies' Fancy Work, by Jennie June; 152 pp., 700 

illustrations 25 

32. — The Way to do Magic; illustrated, 80 pp 10 

33. —The Taxidermist's Manual; illustrated, 84 pp . .10 

34. — A Dictionary of American Politics; comprising ac- 

counts of political parties, measures and men, and 
explanations of the Constitution, divisions and 
practical workings of the Government, together 
with political phrases, familiar names of persons 
and places, noteworthy sayings, etc., by Everit 
Brown and Albert Strauss (Full price $1.). . .50 
Note.— Tlie cash must accompany all orders. Address 
his office. No. 220 Market St., S. F. 

In writing correal ondmce, items of information, or on 
other business, fllease use a separate sheet. 

Sample copies of this paper mailed free to persons 
thought likely to subscribe. 

Send for free circular describing most of those pre- 
miums, and any further information desired. 
Inform your neighbors about our offers and papeer 


About 5000 acres each, J4 to S7 per acre; very low. 

Grain and pasture Karma of ail aizoa and prices. Sev- 
eral choice Orchards, five to seven yeara old. A cheap 
Farm of 4g0 acres; $4 per acre. Twenty-two thousand 
acres choice Timber Land. 

Many large tracts suitable for subilivision. 


Flood Building, 809 Market St.. Room 1. 


(Rala'on House) 1222 Pine Street, 


I'OIl ■ 



Will re-open July 29, 18b9. For particulars a pply t 

Back Files of the Paoifio Rdral Prsss (unbound 
can be had (or $2.50 per voltune of six months. Per year 
(two volumes) $4. Inserted in Dewey's patent binder, 
SO cents addltlouki per volume. 


f ACIFie f^URAb f RESS. 

[July 13, 1889 

A High-Priced Berkshire. 

A telegram received jaet aa the Oazeile goes 
to press, Tuesday, J une 4, from N. H. Gentry. 
Sedalia, Mo., conveys the information that he 
has jast sold to Mr. Andrevc Smith, San Fran- 
ciioo, Cal., the two-year-old Berkshire boar 
Model Duke, 17397, for $750 cash. This phe- 
nomenal boar it will be remembered has been 
the subject of more than one reference in the 
Oazeile. He was bred by Mr Gentry, having 
for sire Longfellow — nnquestionably the great- 
est boar amoDg the Berkahires of latter days in 
showyard and in breeding pen — and for dam 
Imp. Perfection, of Swanwick breeding, which 
in addition to the female channpionship of the 
Illinois State Fair of 188.5, numbers among her 
winnings various other Raglish, Canadian and 
American prizes. Model Duke was sold at two 
months nf age to Messrs. Kenfro, Collinsville, 
III., for $50, and won first in the pig class at 
the St. Loais 1S87 show, and at last fall's ex- 
hibition on the same show-gronnd he proved 
his yearling form invincible, winning every 
competition be entered and defeating his sire, 
the great Longfellow, for the champ'onship. 
His repurchase by Mr. Gentry at §300 was 
chronicled in the Gazelle, and having had a sea- 
son's service from him, his owner yielded to the 
temptation of this the highest price recorded !in 
recent years for a boar of any breed, and parted 
with him to the discriminating and enterprising 
California purchaser. Having the material still 
on hand which turns out such wholly unusual 
•'products," Mr. Gentry doubtless felt able to 
spare Model Duke, but the Oaz'.tte is neverthe- 
less of the opinion that Mr. Smith rather than 
Wood Dale's proprietor should be congratulated 
on the exchange. — Breeders' Oazelte. 

Deposits of Wage Workers. — The wage 
workers of the country possess a power of 
which they know but little at this time, which 
can come only by a slow, steady accumulation 
of surplus earnioes. In all our larger cities 
throughout the North the wage workers are 
the heaviest depositors. It is their money, 
under the control of able men, that moves the 
wheels of trade and commerce. In Boston the 
deposits of the wage workers run into the mil- 
lions. Throughout the manufacturing towns 
of New England and the Middle Sutes there 
are tens of thousands and millions invested by 
the wage workers which bring them returns 
ranging from three to six per cent. Philadel- 
phia has its hanks filled with money from the 
pockets of its .300,000 wage workers, and Pitts- 
burgh ha« 8'25, 000,000 in its banks, placed there 
by the toilers in ojills and factories. 

The Latest Statistics of Krupp's establish- 
ment are supplied in a book jutt published at 
Eisen. In 1833 it had nine workmen: in 1848, 
74. In July, 1888, it employed 20,9(50 men, of 
whom 13,626 were at Essen, and including the 
families of the workmen, it supported a pop- 
ulation of 73,769 souls, of whom 24,193 lived 
in the houses it provides. There are at Essen 
1195 furnaces of various constrnctions, 286 boil- 
ers, 92 steam hammers, of from 100 to 50,000 
kil., 370 steam engines, with a totil of 27,000 
horse-power, 1724 different machines, and 361 
cranes. Of coal and coke 2735 tons are used 
daily, and 11 blast furnaces nf the latest con- 
struction produce nearly 600 tons of iron per 
day.— Engineering. 

Our Amenta. 

Ooa Fruids can do much In aid ot oar paper and the 
causo of practical knowled);e and science, by assisting 
Agents in their labora ot oanvaislDg, by lendlos their Id- 
flaence and encouraglni; (avers. We Intend to send none 
but worthy men. 

J. C. HoAO— San Francisco. 

R. O.— San Franciaco. 

W. E. Brck— San Francisco. 

Wm. H. Cook— Fresno and Santa Cruz Cos. 

W. W. TuKOBALDS— Central California. 

H. O. Parmons— Central I'alifornia. 

Oso WiLSOK — Sacramento Co. 

Fkank S. CiiAPiN— Colusa and Butte Cos. 

E. H. ScHAKKFLB— Calaveras and Tuolumne Cos. 

Dr. W. F. Dhakk— Sonora, Cal. 

Chas. Uuoan — StanislauB Co. 

A. F. JKWKTT — Tulare Co. 

E. W. Hamun— Alameda Co. 

JULRB Bai^mann — Arizona. 

CUAS. F. Blackburk— Idaho. 

R. Q. Huston— Montana. 




Gompllmentary Samples. 

Persons receiving this paper marked are re- 
quested to examine its contents, terms of sub- 
scription, and give it their own patronage, and, 
as far as practicable, aid in circulating the 
journal, and making its value more widely 
known to others, and extending its influence in 
the cause it faithfully serves. Subscription 
rate, $3.00 a year. Extra copies mailed for 10 
cents, if ordered soon enough. If already a 
anbscriber. please nhow the paper to others. 



real estate below market rates. HOWE & KIM- 
BALL, so8 California St., S. F. ** 

Cheap Money for Fanners 


large sums below market rates. S. D. HOViiY, 
318 Pine street. San Francisco. ** 

Xo Escape.— A Oeorgia pap -r saypyou may hive tlic stars 
iu a uail ke/, hang the oct-au on a rail feace to dry, |>ut the 
sky to soak Iu a gourd, uohuckle the belly band of eteTnity, 
and lift tbu suu and uioou out, liut dou't tbiuk}ou can 
escaijc the place that lies on the other side of purgatory if 
you don't pay for your paper. 



Proverbially acknuwiedircd to bo 


For Weak Stomach, 
Impaired Digestion, 
Disordered Liver. 



Prepared Mily l)V THOS. BEEOHAM, 
St. Helens, LancasMre, Eflgland. 

B. F. Allen & Co., Sole Agents 

rOU IJXITKB >*TATKN, 3«5 & 367 

Who (if your druggist does not keep 
tliem) will mail Beecham's Pills on re- 
ceipt of ])rice — int inquire first. (Please 
mention this paper.) 

See Our $2.50 Air Rifle. 

(Nickel Plated). Shoota Bullets and Darts. 

Breecti-Loaders from $4 to $100. 

tWMe our job coiinters of Second-Hand Guns. Send 5c 
for Catalusue. 

Send Sc stamps for large Catalogue of Guns and 
Hunters' and Anglers' Goods. 

525 Kearny Street, San Francisco. Cal. 



Four Sizes Made. 
Send for Descriptive Catalo^ie. 


37 MARKET ST., S. P. 



526 California Street. 

For the half year ending June 30, 1889, a dividend has 
been declared at the rate of five and one-tenth (5 1-10) 
per cent per annuo) on Term Deposits, and four and one- 
quarter (4^) per cent per annum on Ordinary Deposits, 
fayable on and after Monday, July 1, lSb9. 

GEO. TOURNY, Secretary. 

$250 -NUR SERY. 


One-half interest in a genera] Nursery in one of the 
best counties in the State. 100,000 Peach and Almond 
seedlings can be budded in Juno. This is a rare chance 
for a permanent and paving investment. Full i>articu- 
lars on application. Address 

Z. D., Box 2517, San Francisco, Cal. 


" Greenbank " B8 degrees POWDERED CAUS- 
TIC SODA (tests 99 3-10 per cent) recommended by 
the highest authorities In the State. Also Common 
Caustic Soda and Potash, etc., for sale by 

MannfactQrera' Aeents, 
104 MarfcBtat and 8 California St. S. F. 

that will cure R || PTII R K . i^K^lMl^idJ 

■nioo Klectnc Truss in the worlil. tieaied P.imphlpt,s4c 
VL.3^JS. Co., 704 Sac'moato St., San fxaacisso, Ual 



]|j^l jii»lwmiMMiv ^i piii^ iiiiiiillllllliB iiii 



— FOR— 

Cheapness and Dura, 


Cannot be Torn. Any- 
body can pat It on. 

No Coal TaL No Odor. 


Cattlemen, Ranchmen 
and Settlers. 


310 OallforxLla, St., Saxx Fx-axxoIsoo. 



DsiDi lie Benoit Corrngaled Rollers, 

STILL AT The front. 

ThlB Mill has been In use on this Coast for 8 years, 


Four years in succession, and has met with geneiul^favor, 
there now being 

Over 250 of them in use in California, Hevada & Oregon. 

It Is the most economical and durable Feed-Mill in U4e. I am sole 
manufacturer of the Corrugated Roller Mill. The Mills are all ready to 
mount on wagons. 

Ciiico, Cal., Feb. 1, 1887. 
Mr. U. L. iferu, Esq.—T)KiR Sir: The 9xl4 Ba'Iey 
Crusher bought of you and used in the O.ilifornia Mills, 
gave entire satisfaction; have crushed 8000 pounds an 
hour. I have also crushed as much or more on s' t 10x30 
when working for General Bidwell, which set he is using 
in his mill to-day. Yours truly, 


Travkb, May 3, 1887. 
Having used one of the Barley Crushers manufactured 
by M. L. Hery, of Chico, Butte county, I can say it will 
do all that is claimed for it, and to those wishing an A 
No. 1 machine, I would recommend it as the very best. 
1 have cruslied 35 tons in 11 hours' work. 

U. L. Mekv, Manufacturer, Chico, Cal. 

I thank the public for their kind patronage received thus far, and hope for a continuance of the same. 

M. L. MERY, Chico Iron Works, Chico, Cal. 







tr Send for Oatalocrues. 






Dr. Ricobd'b Kbstorativr Pii-ls, a specific for exhausted 
vitality, physical debility, wasted forces, nervous de- 
rangements, constitutional weakness, etc., approved by 
the Academy of Medicine, Paris, and the medical celeb- 
rities of the world. Agents, J. G. 8TKELE & CO.. 
635 Market Street Palace Hotel, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 

O'Sent by mail or express anywhere. Box of 60, 
f 1.2S; of 100, S2.00; of 200, (3.60; of 400, $8.00; prepara- 
tory pills, 92.00. 

jtV^iHD FOR Circulars. 


319 & 321 Sansome St., San Francisco. 

One door from Bank of California. 

The above well-known hotel oEFers saperior ac- 
commodationa to parties visiting the city. 
The table is kept at top grade and 
the prices are within the 
reach of all. 

RATES-$1.00, $1.25 and $1.50 per day 

Free Coach to and from the Hotel. 

Jolt 13, 1889.] 

pACIFie [^URAb f RESS. 



150,000 French Prunes on Myro- 
bolan Plum Roots. 


Large Stock of Apple, Peach, Apricot 
and Almond. 

Having a large stock to bud, will take orders to supply 
any kind of Apple, Pear, Peach, Apricot, Almond and 
Cherry, in doimant or June Buds or one year old trees. 

Marysvllle, Oal, 



Jas. A. Andereon, 


APRIL I, 1889. 

I have now growing 600,000 Seedling Almonds, Peach, 
Plum, Pear, etc., started from Choicest Natural Seeds, 
and am prepared to take orders to June Bud for fall and 
winter delivery. Fruit Trees of all kinds, including 
T. X. L , Nonpareil and Ne Plus Ultra Almonds, French 
Prunes, Prune d'Ente and Japan Plums, Royal Blen- 
heim and Newcastle Early Apricots, leading varieties of 
choice Peaches. Bartlett Peirt^, Cherries, etc. 

Varieties guaranteed as represented. 

My nursery lands are new and produce fine growth in 
body and fibrous roots, to which my patrons all attest. 
For particulars and prices, aiidress 


Lodl, Oal. 



Established 1863. 


French Walnuts, Home-grown Oranges and Roofed Grapevines. 

niuetrated Catalogue and Price List for the season of 1887-88 free to all sending for them. All Trees, Vines, 
etc., guaranteed free from scale and other injurious pests. A certificate of inspection furnished to all. 
A full line of Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Shrubs, Vines and Hothouse Plants. 

B. O. CLOWES, Proprietor 

(Successor to W. B. WEST), 

Stockton, Cal. 




Ml SfzRP. 


Portable Counter and Even Balance 

.'ust received by ship Chas. E. Moody, and at very low 

D. N. & C. A. HAWLEY, 

221 and 223 Market Street, San Francisco. 



Crockett, Contra Costa Co., Cal. 

Stationary Engines and Boilers, 

Portalile Straw-Burning Boilers"& Engines. 


Machinery of all kinds furnished at shortest notice. 

Heald's Patent Wine-making Machinery, 

including^ Grape Crushers and Stemmers, Elevators, 
Wine Presses and Pumps, and all appliances used in 
Wine Cellars. Irrigating and Drainage Pumps. Beald's 
Patent Engine Governor, Etc. 

J. F. HouoHT(iN, President. Chas. R. Story, Seo'y. 

J. L.N.Shki'ARD, Vice-Prea. R. H Mioiu-Gen. Agt, 


216 Saneome St., San Francisco. 

Organized in 1864. 

Losses Paid Since Organization $2,841,045 00 

Assets, .January 1, 188'J 843,163 70 

Capital. Paid up in Gold 300,000 00 

Ket Surplus, over everything 287,631 34 

TUC Id health, habits and disease. All breeds 

I nc UUU and treatment; 60 cuts; 360. This office. 


From Fresh, Ripe Tahiti Oranges. 

We have just received, per schooner Ivy, a cargo of Fine Ripe Tahiti Oranfje s and desire to call the attention of 
Nurserymen and all who use this Seed t^ this opportunity to procure it, as this is the onlv seed fit to plant, as it is 
the only kind that will germinate. It will be packed in barrels as usual. Please send in your orders early so that 
we can fill them as soon as possible. 

L.. G. SRBSOVICH & CO , 605 and 507 Sansome Street, San Francisco. 



No. 2. 

This powder Is the preparation specially 
recommended by Hon. J De Earth Shorb, 
Vitieultural Commissioner, and Prof. Ecbel- 
bert Dowlen, Expert employed by the State 
to investiifate the mysterious Vine Disease. 
All the powder used by them in their recent 
experiments was the ONGERTH INSECII- 
CIDE POWDER No. 2, of which ab .ut 
20,000 pounds have been shipped to the 
San Gabriel Valley. 

See Official Report In Rural 
Presa April 27, 18b9. 

No preparation genuine without this 

Mannfactured by the ONGERTH 
SIO & 218 Davis Sc., San Francisco, 
to whom all orders should be addressed. 
Samples and prices submitted on applica- 
tion. Also manufactvirers of the 0»*g:erth 
Ijiqaid Tree Protector and Onj^erth 
Grafting Coinponiid. 


Fruit and Vine Growers, 

Here is Something; that Interests 
Every One of You. 

Those \»bo have Durohae<"d sav they 
would n t be without them 
at any price. 

every day it is in use. Used wiih any trace without c^anee. or by adding a litt e 9upi»lementary trace we furnish 
Price of Singletree only 75 cts. ; .Sup. Leathers. 50 cts. per pair; with full set Traces, $5 

C3r. Gr. W"I0I3L»O3\r c*J OO,, 

Nos. 3 and 5 FRONT ST., - . - SAN FRANCISCO, CAL 



A mounted, horizontal double-ender. Size of bale, 
when in the press, 17x'2x40 inches. Average weight of 
bale, 220 pounds. Capacity, from 16 to 25 tons per day. 
Uses 4 men and works with 2 horses. Kequires no 
Trampino. Puts 10 'ons or over in a box car. 
Price $1000. 


Size of bale in press, 22x24x46 inches. Averafe weight 
of bale. 260 pounds. Capacity, from 20 to 35 tons i er 
day. Uses 6 men and works with 1 or 2 horses, at option 
of baler. Requires no Travpino. Uses rope or wire. 
Puts frc m 7 t" 8 ton<< in a box cvr, 

Price tlOOO. 






Size of bale in press, 22x24x46 inches. Average weight 
of bales, 260 pounds. Capacity, from 15 to 25 tons per 
day. Uses 3 or 4 men, at option of baler. Works with 
1 or 2 horni's Uses rnpe or w're Doks its own Tramp- 
l^G. Puts from 7 to 8 tons in a box cir. 
Price $500. 


Same principle as Junior Monarch, only smaller and 
heavier. Size of bale, when in press, 17x20x40 inches. 
Average weight of bale, 220 poonda. Capacity, from 12 
to 20 tons per day. Requires 3 men and 2 hordes. Uses 
wire only— rope will not hold. Does its own Trampino. 
Cuts 10 t i.s . r n>B 10 a htx car. 

Vricv $600. 

S. W. Corner Kearny and Montgomery Avenue. San Francisco. 

larPree coach to and from the House. J, W'- BEOKER, Proprietor. 

Should consult 


California Inventors 

AND Foreign Patent Solicitorh, for obtainiiig Pateuts 
and Cavoabs. EstaliliBhed in 1860. Their long experience aa 
joumalistfl and large practice aa Patent attorneys enables 
them to otfer Pacific Coast Inventors far better service 'ban 
they can obtain elsewhere. Send for free circulars of infor- 
mation. Office of the Mining anp Scientific PKEBsaa 1 
Faoifio Rurjll FKEtts. No. 220 Marke St.. San Fraaolsco 
Klftvator. I^f Front Hf. 

1$20Q0 per YEAR 

To Open 11 branch (illU-e in y«nir locality. Jin. 
purely mercaiililc. One that will inspire yuu with 
prided pleasure and profit. 'Pntde estiiblished. 
No peddling. J-E. S11K1*ABU, CinclunaU, O. 


We POSITIVELY CURE all kinds of Rupture 
and Rectal Diseases, no matter of how long 
standing, in from 30 to 60 days, without 
the use of knife, drawino blood, or bk- 
No Pay, and No Fay until Cured. 
If afflicted, come and see us or send stamp 
for pamphlet. Address: 

838 Market Street, - Snu Francisco. 

IkiyCMTfipC on the Pacific Coast should secure 
' ' Uno their Patents through Dewey&Co.'s 
XiNiMQ AND SoiBMTiFic Prbbb Patent Agency, No. 220 
Uarket St.S. F. 


size of Kile in press. 24x24x50 inches, 
of hale. '^50 pounds. Capacity, from 10 
d ly Require.' 4 uif n and 2 horses. Us 
ll«y han to he t'ampcd mto the press. 
62 tons iti n h \ c-ir 

Aver.Tge weight 
to 18 tons per 
es rope or wire. 
Puts from B to 



Size of bale in press, 26.\26x50 inches. Average weight 
of bale 235 pounds. Capacity, from 10 to 15 tons per 
day. Requires 4 men and 2 horses. Uses rope or wire. 
Hay must be tramped in the press. Puts from 44 to Si 
tons in a box c r. 


The above is the finest line of Baling Presses in the 
United States. They are nearly double the capacity of 
those of other makers. 

l^For large, idustrated Catalogue of the same, ad- 
dress the 


San Leandro, Cal. 





75 000 TONS CAPACITY. 7K nno 

f KJf\J\J\J Storage at Lowest Rates. * 0,UUU 

Oal. Dry Dock Co., props. , Offlce, 303 Cal St., room 18. 

PIONEER loiTcoiviPAN^ 

Manufacturers of all kinds of 


Orape and Berry Baskets. 
Cor, Front and M Sit.. SACRAMENTO. 


are requested to be sure and notify us 
when this paper is not taken from 
,. , . . , their offlce. If not stopped promptly 

(throuKh oversight or other mishap), do UB the favor to 
»nte agam. 


f ACIFie F^URAId f ress. 

[Jolt 13, 1889 

California Demands Better Windmills. 


Is the inventiox. R. B. SIN 

CLAIR, who has been in the employ of 
several of the Leading Windmill Manu- 
facturers of the United States during j 
the past 15 years. 

Mr. Sin Clair has combined the best 
features of other leading -windmills with 
improvements of his own, making THE 
Mill in the Market. 

Write for Prices. Special inducement 
offered to the trade. 





The Justly Celebrated Moline Wagon. 



Are Thoroughly Saturated in 
Boiling Linseed Oil. 


All Bolsters are Heavily 
Plated on Top. 

We dpfire to impress upon vou the fact that it is by far THE STRONGEST, BEST CON- 
STRUCTED and FINEST FINISHED waejon ever ofifered on this Coast, It is the only wagon 
BUILT SPECIALLY for our very PECULIAR AND TRYING CLIMATE; is constructed of 
the very best and most carefully SELECTED MATERIALS, AND BUILT SPECIALLY 
IDEAS, in OUR OWN WORKSHOPS in this city, this alone giving it an advantage possessed 
by no other wagon now in use. 

THE TIMBER used is of the very BEST and most SEASONED CHARACTER, and all 
the blacksmith and iron work is made, BY THOROUGHLY PRACTICAL MECHANICS, of 
the very h»st NORWAY IRON. 


Is bought subject to the most 
rigid inspection; none but the 
very best is used, and cone 
whatever is used that has not 
been seasoned for at least four 
years under cover. 


Ligbtest RQQDiDg Wagon 


While the Moline is sold as cheaply as other first-class wagons, we are willing to guarantee 
sold in the State. 

We would call your very particular attention to our LARGE MOLINE WAGONS, which 
are made expressly for heavy mountain teaming and also for carrying large quantities of grain to 
market, in the interior. We have these wagons in '2-inoh, 2.J-inch and 2^ inch axles, and all 
widths of tiros from 2-inoh upward. All are thoroughly and strongly guaranteed as represented. 
We will be pleased to send circulars, lists, full descriptive matter and special prices on 
application. Address us at 

365, 367, 370, 389 AND 391 EL DORADO ST, STOCKTON, CAL 


( $3 a Year, In Advance. 

( Single Copies, 10 Cts. 

Two Scenes in Fruit-Drying. 

The two pictures upon this page are 
timely and auggeative of the dried fruit 
interest of California, It is true that the 
apricot harvest in the earlier regions of 
the State is over and the fruit pat in 
durable form either by canning or dry- 
ing, but in the later regions the work is 
not yet done. CT^ 

The scenes are not presented as prevail- 
ing methods either of gathering or of 
handling after drying, but they repre- 
sent certain phases of practice. 

The engravings are from photographs 
taken in Southern California. The first 
represents the gathering of apricots by 
shaking over canvas spread upon the 
ground, as practiced in the famous apri- 
cot orchard of Dr. Jarvia of Riverside. 
Though the abaking of fruit upon canvas 
is the rule in prune gathering and a very 
excellent apparatus for this work has 
been invented by Mr. Fleming of San 
Jose, apricot-growers generally hand pick 
their fruit, because they are thus enabled 
to secure it when too ripe to admit of 
shaking down. Still the experience of 
Dr. Jarvia, who is a prominent apricot- 
drier, seems to approve the shaking 
process. Shaking is usually an easy way 
to secure fruit of pretty uniform ripeness, 
but it is not likely that the finest grades 
of apricots or peaches will be made in "^-^^ 
that way, although it succeeds admirably 
with prunes. The bruising results in 
discoloration of fruit which is to be light colored 
when dry, while with a black fruit, like prunes, 
the eSect is not so discernible. 

The other picture preaents the opposite end 
of the drying practice, for it shows the dried 


fruit, heaped up in the orchard for sacking. 
This, too, represents only one phase of practice, 
because it is not customary to finish the fruit 
harvest in this way after the producer 
has proceeded further with his enterprise and 

has secured a packing-house, to which the 
fruit is carried when sufficiently dried and is 
there aweated in maaa under cover before box- 
ing or sacking; still the picture is a true one 
from a photograph of an actual scene, and 


can be taken as evidence with what simple 
contrivances it is possible to gather a mer- 
chantable article of dried fruit in the favoring 
climate of California. The scene is also sug- 
gestive of how cheaply the product can be se- 
cured and still yield the 
grower a living profit. Of 
course the more careful gath- 
ering and the more elaborate 
methods of processing and 
packing yield a fancy article 
which is high priced and costs 
the grower more to produce. 
But it is unquestionably true 
that the world demands an 
immenae quantity of good 
fruit which can be sold cheap- 
ly; so it is a question as to 
whether the fancy or the or- 
dinary article will in the end 
bring the greater money to 
the State and the greater 
profit to the producer. Now 
that the orchards are assum- 
ing such vast extent, and the 
labor supply is not keeping 
pace with it, it seems of the 
highest importance to dis- 
cover how the largest amount 
of good, wholesome fruit can 
be placed upon the market at 
the lowest cost of production. 
This remark applies to the 
gathering, the pitting and 
paring of fruits which require 
them, and the sacking for 
market. No doubt cheapness 
of production will be the 
measure of the greatness to 
which oar dried-fruit mana- 
(Continued on van* ' 

PJwto. hy Bonine. 

f ACIFie I^URAb f RESS. 

Qo f^F^ESf O N D E N C E. 

CorreBpondentg »re alone respoEisible for their opinions. 

A Budget from Butte. 

Editors Press:— 0. L. Durban of Pentz, 
finding it desirable to move salphar box and 
trayB from one part of the orchard to another, 
made a 

Portable Sulphur-Box 
On purpose. It is large enough to hold hie dry- 
ing trays, about 3x3 and 8 feet high, and made 
by four frames such as you would use for cheap 
Bcreen doors, with tin instead of gauze, fasten- 
ing them secarely at the corners and covering 
them over. This is to have something light. 
On the middle of opposite sides, top and bot- 
tom, he fastens a couple of cleats far enough 
apart to allow a movable handle to slip in be- 
tween. When in use, he digs a hole in the 
ground, ends up his box over it and uses the 
dirt to bank around the box. To remove it, 
tip the thing over, slip a pair of handles be- 
tween top cleats and another between bottom, 
and two boys can march away with it. 

Raisin Kiln. 

The same gentleman shares with Mr. Blow- 
ers of Woodland the honor of being the first to 
produce a merchantable raisin in California. 
Each succeeded in 1865, and supposed, for some 
time, that he was the only one. Like Mr. 
Blowers, he has since diied by artificial heat, 
but has a less costly machine. He built a fire- 
place, flues and chimney of a kind of stone 
easily worked and good to stand fire, found 
near by, and made a sort of shallow cellar un- 
der the drier; that is, half full of stones. Over 
this he built an inclosnre of wood with ordi- 
nary slides, doors and trayg. The smoke and 
heat pass around the outside of the cellar un- 
der the fruit, then back through the center into 
the chimney. The ma^s of stone-work and 
loose stones gets hot and holds heat. The de- 
vice is cheap and well adapted to keep up the 
low heat needed for raisins. They care in 
four days. He picks them on wooden trays un- 
til he has enough to fill the evaporator, then 
transfers them to the wire trays, by putting 
the latter on top of the wooden tray and turn- 
ing both over. In this way the grapes are 
more or less wilted when they go into the ma- 
chine. He sulphurs raisins as well as other kinds 
of fruit and has always been able to hold the 
bulk of trade of neighboring towns. To avoid 
risk from showers, he found it best to build a 
shed large enough to house all his trays when 
full of raisins. 

A Novel Water-Cooler. 

The spring, 100 rods away on the hill, was 
the best of water, but in coming through pipes 
got nearly blood-warm. The well was deep and 
the water cold, but hardly fit to drink at all. 
He sank a galvanized iron reservoir in the well, 
connected the pipe from the spring, and so al- 
ways draws from the faucet at the surface pure, 
cold water, so soon as water in the pipe above 
the reservoir has had time to rnn out. 

Sharp Practice With Sublime Oheek. 

Mr. 6. C. Curtis of Pentz informs us that his 
neighbor Jesse Woods started a cannery, where 
he used the greatest of care. By advice of a 
friend he sent samples of the product to Bates, 
Cobb & Yerxa, of Boston, Mass. For a long 
time he heard nothing. Then came an offer for 
the lot if they were like sample. On this he 
shipped the goods. After some delay they 
reached Boston and finally a letter came from 
consignees, saying that, unfortunately, the 
goods were not like sample and they could only 
take them at another rate they now named — 
far below their former offer. Mr. Woods sent 
a friend to look for the goods. He found they 
had never been removed from the depot, nor 
examined. He was instructed to have the lot 
eold^at auction. Bates, Cobb & Yerxa were the 
Buocessful bidders, and were so well pleased 
with the product that they had the gall to soli- 
cit the next year's product. 

For Purifying Foul Wells. 

At Rio Bonito Capt. Berry found the well 
water very bad. He thought it was caused by 
roots of trees close by. He lets down a half- 
bushel sack of charcoal every two weeks and 
now has as good water as anybody. 
Fruit on the Redlands Without Irrigation 

About Paradise, Butte county, is a thermal 
belt, where sawmills have cleared away the 
pine timber and fruit is coming to the front. 
The soil is very red, loose and deep. It has 
been thought that nothing could be done with- 
out irrigation. Mr. Nield thought otherwise, 
and by thorough cultivation produced an or- 
chard, now four years old, that compares favor- 
ably with others, yet never had a drop of irri- 
gating water. He sold the place last year to 
E. B. Trobridge. It is about four miles toward 
Oroville from Paradise. 

The Best Tree Protector Yet 
Has been devised by A. T. Hatch and is in op- 
eration at Rio Bonito, and probably at his other 
orchards. Every time a tree is barked it pays 
one dollar of the wages of the man who did it. 
Capt. Berry knows the track of every horse on 
the place and doesn't need to aak any questions 
to find out to whom to charge an injury. He 
is on guard and the number of charges must 
correspond to the number of in juries when 
owner makes his visit. That beats any 
padded singletree, or tile, tin or wooden 
envelope I F. S. Chapin. 

A Successful Battle with Morning- 

Editors Press :— Yours of the 2d inst. is at 
hand. With the greatest of pleasure I will send 
you herewith my experience with the beautiful 

In 1883 I planted 25 acres to hops, about six 
or eight acres being tolerably thickly seeded 
and the balance of the 25 acres had thin and 
scattering morning-glory. 

Having had no experience with the tangle- 
foot, and it being a wet spring, I let the glory 
grow at a terrible rate, so that it was almost 
impossible to keep it down with the hoe culti- 
vator and plow such as are generally used. It 
really was discouraging to see how it would 
check the growth of the hops. As often as it 
would get two or three inches above the ground 
the hopa wouldn't grow any more until another 
cultivation was given. 

When the hop-vines topped the poles, I left 
the yard to take care of itself, and as a result 
it only yielded one-third of a ton to the acre, 
which practical hop-growers consider a very 
poor yield, but there was something about the 
hop-field which no one could help but notice. 
It was a spot of ground near the center of the 
field which seemingly never had any morning- 
glory in it, and as a result the hops were twice 
the size of those on the morning-glory land. 
This afforded a fine illustration from which any 
one could form an idea how morniog-glory will 
rob a plant. Furthermore, the hops on the 
morning-glory land were dried and parched 
three weeks in advance of the small spot which 
I have mentioned. 

The pest left a heavy crop of seed on the 
ground, and as a result, in 1884, the morning- 
glory was just as thick as it could grow, with 
the exception of the small spot just mentioned, 
and with a wet spring and heavy rains in June 
we grew about one ton of hops to the acre, with 
a terrible heavy crop of morning-glory, and left 
a still greater crop of morning-glory seed than 
the former season on account of very common 

In 1885 I received some very good a3vice 
from Mr. J. E. Campe, the pioneer hop-grower 
of Sacramento. Not being able to find a culti- 
vator in the agricultural stores to suit, I had 
one made to order at a blacksmith shop. It is 
sometimes called morning-glory plow, and it is 
simple, light-running and cheap. It cuts .33 
inches wide and cuts the morning-glory roots 3 
to 5 inches under ground without turning the 
soil bottom-side up, and sometimes the top of 
the root is cut off and remaining the same as be- 
fore, but being cut it will perish in a few hours 
after cutting, and particularly so on a warm 
day. A single horse is all that is necessary to 
draw it. Besides, it will not scatter the roots, 
which is one great fault of the common plow. 

The season last mentioned was very dry in 
the spring; the rain ceased early in the winter, 
and I think it was a fine season to thin out 
morning glory, and it really must have been so. 
The next season (1886) it seemed to me that 
three-fourths of the roots on the sandy loam 
were eradicated, but the heavy land showed 
very little difference only in spots, but any one 
acquainted with the field could notice a great 
difference as to the growths of the morning- 
glory. It seemed to grow a great deal less rap- 
idly than in former seasons, although a wet 

The season of 1887 quite a number of the 
farmers living in this neighborhood pronounced 
it almost completely routed, all except on heavy 
land, part of which remained very thickly cov- 

The season of 1888 produced a great deal less 
morning-glory, but, it being a dry spring, quite 
likely had some effect as to its growth. The 
season of 1889 bad a wet spring with plenty of 
seepage water, but the morning-glory has grown 
very poorly where any of it appeared, and this 
was only on the heavy soil. 

All this time, since the beginning of 1S85, 
there has not one spear of it gone to seed up to 
the present time, and yet there is plenty of 
morning-glory on this ranch, but the simple 
reason is because we cannot cultivate without 
damage to the hops during the month of August, 
which is the proper time to kill the glory and 
salt grass. The month of July is a very good 
time also. Commencing to eradicate it in 1885 
we had to hoe and cultivate every week; in 
18S6, once in three weeks; in 1887, once in a 
month; and in 1888, about the same on a part 
of the field, and this year about three times for 
the full season until bop picking. 

I think I have a little knowledge of the morn- 
ing-glory, and I think it perfectly useless to 
try to eradicate it unless it is prevented from 
going to seed. This can be easily avoided by 
pasturing with horses or hogs. I find either 
one will feed it down very close and do little 
or no damage to the hops. Furthermore, I 
really found it utterly impossible to raise any- 
thing like a crop without thorough cultivation 
at least sufficient to keep the glory under the 
surface the greater portion of the time until 
within two or three weeks of the hop harvest. 

I am really very well satisfied with the results 
accomplished by the use of the morning-glory 
plow. I also find it a very rapid and cheap 
method of cultivating. 

During the season of '84 1 found the morning- 
glory climbing the poles four feet high and as 
thick as it could grow, whereas now we find only 
a spear in 10, 20, and 30 yards square. I never 
have resorted to any other method to eradicate 

morning-glory except by cultivation, but, in 
my opinion, it could be smothered by flooding 
the land for a short period during the summer. 
NicolauB, Gal. Julius W. Orth. 


Navicular Lameness in Horses. 

Editors Press: — I have several times prom- 
ised querists to treat of this important disease 
in the columns of this paper, but other matters 
have continually led to its postponement. 
Fifty years ago navicular disease was unknown, 
not because it did not exist, for probably it has 
been a source of lameness since the horse's 
domestication, but because it was not recog- 
nized until Turner made the discovery that the 
mischief lay in the deep-seated structures of 
the foot. Prior to this, any obscure lameness, 
for which there was no apparent cause, was 
relegated to "the shoulder," especially when 
the foot was good and open, and presented no 
appearance of disease, as is frequently the case, 
while when small and misshapen, it was re- 
ferred to " contraction." Now we know that 
contraction is rather the effect than the cause 
of navicular disease, but " the shoulder " is still 
a favorite spot for fixing the seat of lameness, 
and many are the rubbings and blisterings that 
the unfortunate animal is subjected to before 
some one a little wiser points to the foot as the 
correct situation of the disease. 

The foot of the horse is something more than 
a lump of horn to which an iron shoe may be 
nailed; this horny box is nature's shoe, and the 
true foot structures are contained within it, 
the principal being the os pedis (coffin bone). 
Behind this ||is a small wedge-shaped bone, 
called the navicular, or " shuttle " bone, and 
over it the tendon plays as it runs to its inser- 
tion into the inferior surface of the coffin bone. 
Navicular disease commences in an inflam- 
matory process in this bone, or in the cartilage 
lining its under surface. The disease is pro- 
gressive; cariet of the bone takes place, the 
tendon playing over it becomes involved, and 
in extreme cases ruptured, so that the toe of 
the animal is cocked up, and the back part of 
the fetlock touches the ground. 


(1.) Hereditary, — When we say a disease is 
hereditary, it is not necessary that it should be 
congenital, or present at birth. What is meant 
is that certain structures are predisposed to 
take on the diseased state, and only require ex- 
posure to favorable conditions to insure its de- 
velopment, t. e., the feet of an animal bred 
from parents, or a parent, lame from navicular 
disease would not stand the " 'ammer, 'ammer, 
'ammer, on the 'ard, 'igh road," like those of 
an animal that had not the hereditary taint. 
The feet might remain healthy doing slow work 
on the farm, but fail when fast work on hard 
roads is demanded. There is no surer way of 
propagating this disease than breeding from un- 
sound parents. There is a greater tendency to 
this, perhaps, where navicular disease is con- 
cerned than there is with other hereditary un- 
soundnesses, and for this reason: It is rare to 
find a bad horse suffering from this form of 
lameness. They are generally good all around 
— well-bred, well-shaped, good-hearted, good 
workers and fast. They get lamer and lamer, 
change owners, until they fall into the hands of 
some one with an "eye for the beautiful," so 
far as a mare is concerned, and he perhaps 
thinks she would throw a good foal. She is 
cheap, because useless for work, being incur- 
ably lame. She is therefore put to the horse to 
earn her keep, and the result is a good-looking 
colt, but one with a predisposition to the same 

(2.) Stable management has something to do 
with it. Horses are frequently kept standing 
in the stall for days together. During these 
periods of rest there is a deficiency of synovial 
secretions, then the animal is taken out, put to 
hard, fast work, which but for its irregular 
character, it could have done very well, and the 
result is bruising or injury, inflammation and 
navicular disease. 

(3.) Work. — Light horses are more subject 
to navicular disease than the heavy breeds used 
in slow draught, although it is sometimes 
found in those that are "steppers" and work 
on stone-paved streets, but the rule is that 
draught animals are more prone to laminitis 
than to navicular lameness. A very large pro- 
portion of horses suffering from lameness in 
front, in San Francisco and other large towns, 
are lame from this disease. The fore feet re- 
ceive nearly the whole weight of the body, 
the head, neck, and half the trunk; be- 
hind, the hocks receive the greater por- 
tion of this weight. Therefore, we look 
principally for foot-lameness in front, and 
hock-lameness behind. Added to this weight 
on the fore feet we have the clashing and ham- 
mering on hard roads, and it is reasonable to 
expect that inflammation of structures on which 
this stress is laid would be excited. Occasion- 
ally it may occur suddenly, without reference to 
work, from a slip or stumble, or from concus- 
sion in exceptionally fast driving on a hard 
road. The horse may be driven or ridden from 
home sound enough and fall dead lame so snd- 
denly as to oanse one to think it had picked up 
a stone or nail, but no stone or nail is to be 
found, or indeed any other apparent cause of 

lameness, and then the usual tale is that the 
horse has "sprained its shoulder." 


The first symptom is generally " pointing," 
an almost infallible test for navicular lameness, 
although there may occasionally occur a case 
that does not point. It is often possible to 
foretell it from this symptom alone, when to all 
appearance the horse is quite sound and cer- 
tainly works so. Horses sometimes point from 
habit or weariness, but this differs from the 
pointing of navicular disease. In the former 
there is a careless, lounging attitude, one hind 
and one fore foot being rested simultaneously. 
In the latter only one foot is pointed at a time, 
and that in a manner that shows that the horse 
is in earnest about it; when both feet are af- 
fected he will advance them alternately. 

The next symptom — and from want of obser- 
vation on the part of the owner, often the first 
noticed — is a shortnees of step. The animal is 
afraid to extend its fore feet, perhaps without 
positive lameness, the horse going worse down 
hill from the weight being thrown on the heels, 
thus placing the stress on the affected parts. 
In coming out of the stable the horse seems 
stiff and disinclined to move, but when he has 
gone some distance, especially if the ground is 
soft, the movement is freer and the step longer. 

A look at the shoes will show a great deal. 
The horse lame from navicular disease al- 
ways goes on his toes as much as possible, 
and scarcely brings the heel in contact with 
the ground; thus the shoe is worn more at the 
toe. When both feet are affected the step is 
short and groggy, and the muscles of the 
shoulder seem stiff and rigid, giving rise to the 
ridiculous term, " chest founder." This is easi- 
ly accounted for. The step is short because the 
pain in the foot on the ground causes the horse 
to bring the other up quickly to relieve it, and 
the stiffness arises because the flexion of the 
foot causes pain in the joint, and he does not 
pick up his feet freely because he knows that 
the farther they have to come down again the 
greater will be the shock of the concussion; 
hence the painful "dot," "dot," of groggy 

There is negative evidence of navicular dis- 
ease when no other possible cause of lameness 
can be found, but the pointing, the peculiar 
gait, the wear of the shoe, and the unequal 
temperature of the foot, are generally positive 
enough to enable an experienced veterinary 
surgeon to pronounce on the seat of disorder. 

For navicular disease there is no cure. A 
measure of relief may be given in the early 
stages, and the horse kept working on for a 
time, but sooner or later the lameness becomes 
so great as to render this out of the queetioD. 
Frog setons, blisters, and firing at the coronet, 
and bleeding from the toe, have all been tried, 
but in vain. Sometimes the treatment adopted 
for contraction, viz., cold poultices, a blister to 
the coronet, and a run at grass seems to give 
relief, but it is only temporary. The lameness 
grows gradually worse; there is ulceration of 
the navicular bone, or adhesion, and presently 
rupture of the flexor tendon, and the horse be- 
comes useless. Rest does not seem to help the 
animal; indeed, it has been remarked that 
"the longer they stand in, the worse they 
come out " If the lame animal is put to slow 
work on soft ground, the disease is found to 
make slower progress than if it is retained at 
road work. 

The grand remedy in cases of navicular dis- 
ease is the operation of unnerving or neurotomy. 
This does not cure the diseased structure, but 
it takes away all pain and consequent lameness, 
and makes the horse useful for a period de- 
pending on the care in selection of cases and 
the carefulness of the shoeing smith. 

The Operation. 

Neurotomy is an operation that requires sci- 
entific training on the part of the operator. 
It consists in removing about an inch of the 
nerve that supplies the foot with sensation. 
The horse is cast, the foot to be operated on re- 
leased from the hobbles, the hair olosely clip- 
ped, and a transverse incision made through 
the skin just above the pastern, the nerve 
searched for, freed from connective tissue, cut 
through, and about an inch removed from the 
side roost remote from the nerve center. 
There are several ways of performing the oper- 
ation, which need not be entered into. The 
high operation just described is the best; the 
nerve being divided above its bifurcation, all 
sensation is then removed from the foot. The 
want of judgment in selecting subjects for op- 
eration has brought it into disrepute. But for 
horses incurably lame, either from ringbone, 
sidebone, or navicular disease, it becomes a 
question of this sort: I have an animal that is 
absolutely worth little or nothing, because it is 
cruel to work it. If I have it unnerved, and 
it only lasts six months, its labors will have re- 
paid me for the fee that the operation has 
cost. Bat instead of only lasting six months, 
it may, with judicious treatment, last eight or 
ten years, or until the horse meets its end from 
some other cause, so that, instead of being 
passed from hand to hand until it goes from 
bad to worse, not only in disease, but as to own- 
er, the animal is usefully performing all the 
work that we can ask a horse to do. 

The success of the operation is immediate. 
The horse gets up sound, but about three 
weeks, often less, are necessary for the wounds 
to heal. Instead of a tottering cripple we have 
an animal that steps as freely as on the day it 
was foaled, no stumbling, as some suppose. He 

July 20, 1889.] 


may be driven downhill, over rough roads, with 
perfect security, I have used unnerved horses 
for every purpose, and oat of scores of judicious- 
ly selected cases have only known three that 
went wrong from causes other than preventable 
ones, and these were from disintegration of the 
tendon, which causes the heel to bulge out and 
the toe to turn up. Sometimes nerve tumors 
form on the severed end of the nerve, and this 
happens when taken too soon to work after the 
operation is performed ; but the removing of a 
neuroma is simple. Pricks from shoeing or 
other injuries that with feeling in the foot 
would cause the animal to go lame, and so re- 
ceive treatment, in the unnerved animal pass 
nnnoticed, there being no sensation; these sup- 
purate and cause the hoof to drop off. This is 
one of the drawbacks to the operation, but in 
everything connected with horse-flesh luck is a 
great element. 

In any case, we have an incurably lame 
horse; with neurotomy we have a possibly use- 
ful servant. To any one who is interested in 
the above important subject, if he will call at 
my office I shall be very pleased to show him 
several excellent pathological specimens of this 

A. E. BuzARD, Veterinary Surgeon. 

No. 11 Seventh St., S. F. 


Rio Bonito Fruit Enterprise. 

Editors Press: — Your correspondent was 
anxious on his own account to see what the 
Hatch system of cultivation was, and what 
choice of land and varieties those two veterans 
of California horticulture. Hatch and Rock, 
had made in entering upon their 1200-acre ven- 
ture. He found the grounds in charge of Oapt. 
C. J. Berry, an orcbardist of long experience, 
formerly from Mississippi, and once an editor 
in New Orleans, and still later stranded by 
the subsiding waves of the Los Angeles boom. 
The place fully justified the pride that he 
showed in driving people around. Of the 700 
acres planted, Mr. Hatch would almost be safe 
in betting cigars that no weed could be found 
in the orchard as be used to do on his Suirun 
place, notwithstanding the fact that there are 
200 acres of the land well set with morning 
glory, and quite a tract where wild grapes, and 
rose-briers have held sway until this year. 
The Chinaman who was digging them up as 
fast as they showed a leaf, was so careful to get 
every root that we asked the Captain if he in- 
tended to transplant them. The only trees 
missing are those destroyed by the gophers, 
but the avenger is on their track in the person 
of a swarthy John Chinaman, who steadily 
tramps the orchard with his load of traps every 
day. He used to get plenty, but now four is 
a full average day's catch. The squirrels were 
comparatively an easy prey, because they could 
be smothered so nicely with bisulphide of car- 
bon. In fighting these pests, in the cultiva- 
tion of their orchards, in study of the markets, 
including all requirements of the fruit and the 
trade, these gentlemen have good foundation 
for going ahead in a way that might prove dis- 
astrous to men of lees extensive knowledge 
and thorough methods. 

The soil has been deposited by the Feather 
river, and is rich enough to produce the largest 
of valley oaks, one of which measures 36 feet 
in circumference. It is loose enough so that 
two-horse teams are now drawing cultivators 
four feet wide, to a depth of ten inches. It re- 
tains moisture well enough, so that their mel- 
ons, roasting corn and potatoes all look rank 
and green to-day (July 4th); and in the orchard 
you easily reach moist dirt by the first kick. 
Is it any wonder that the peaches grown on 
similar land about Marysville and Chico are 
known as the best in the State ? If peaches 
do so well, why not almonds or apricots ? The 
land is nearly four miles from Biggs' Station, 
but a track to the grounds is promised, and in- 
spection of varieties shows that confidence is 
felt in the future of Eastern shipments. 

Almonds, 19,600— equally divided between 
Nonpareil, Ne Plus Ultra, and I X L. 

Peaches, 10,025— Mary's Choice, 2890; Lov- 
bU, 2610; Nichols' Orange Cling, 17.30; Muir, 
980; Seller's Cling, 875; Alexander, 380; Yel- 
low St. John, 280; Hole's Eirly, 280. 

Pears, 2190— B»rtlett, 860; Winter Nelis, 
490; Seckel, 490; Winter Seckel, 350. 

Cherries, 1600— E»rly Purple Guigne, 810; 
Black Tartarian, 560; Knight's Black, 230. 

Orange, 1400 — mostly seedling; planted to 
demonstrate that cultivation will produce 
oranges without irri(;ation. 

Figs, 1070— all White Adriatic. 

Olives, 976— of 28 varieties; Picholine in 

Apples, 880 — nearly fqnal nnmbera of Alex- 
ander Red and White Astrachans and Graven 

Prunes, 847— Hungarian 515; Royal Hative, 

Plums, 640— Peach plum, 320; cherry plum, 

Date Palms, 254 — to form a beautiful avenue 
where grown. 


Here are growing 570,000 young trees and 
20,000 resistant stocks for grape vines. In the 
300 acres to be planted next winter it is in- 

tended to include quite a raisin vineyard. It is 
also intended to cultivate asparagus and licorice 
on a large scale. 


Here is the embryo from which has grown 
the colossal business of which the above plant- 
ing is only an item. Most men would have re- 
fused to buy a tract of land with 200 acres of 
morning-glory, but Mr. Hatch rather likes it. 
He had some on his home place, and some one 
told him that by preventing the leaves from 
coming to the air, it could be destroyed. So 
he worked his ground often enough to do this 
with an implement that cut it off under the 
surface. The effect on the orchard was such 
that he concluded to consider the whole a 
morning-glory patch or at least to cultivate as 
though it was. As now developed, his system 
of cultivation for this sediment land is this: 
Trees are set in squares 25 feet apart. He 
sends his crew through the orchard to plow a 
row at a round and throw the dirt from the 
trees. First, a fast-walking team with a 14- 
inch plow drives through the center of the 
row. Three 3-horse teams follow, each draw- 
ing a gang of three 12-inch plows. A two- 
horse team follows drawing another 14-inch 
plow. A one-horse, eight-inch plow runs next 
the trees and finishes the row. 

In the cross plowing it is designed to throw 
the dirt toward the trees, and the position of 
the crew is reversed: 1st, the one-horse 8 inch 
plow; 2d, the two-horse 14-inch plow; 3d, 4th 
and 5th, the three-horse 36-inch gang; 6fch, the 
two-horse 14-inoh plow. These plows run four 
to five inches deep. Then he harrows and 
cross-harrows with a four-horse heavy iron 
harrow cutting 12 feet, and doing a row at a 
round. After this the cultivation begins with 

Hatch Cultivator. 

This cuts four feet, is mounted on wheels 
made like the San Jose, but the tooth is a ver- 
tical knife with a V-shaped cutter at the end. 
These go through the orchard every two weeks, 
and every time a half-inch deeper than before. 
Beginning with four inches, he means to drag 
the beams on the ground the last time through 
and stir the soil 12 inches down. The horses 
must get gradually stronger by the exercise, as 
Dr. Winship grew to ouilift everybody by lift- 
ing another brick every day; or, more likely, 
the resistance oi that knife- blade tooth passing 
through soil mellow as an ash-heap is nominal, 
and it is the new half- inch of dirt stirred every 
time that makes the draught. 

One idea in this is to prevent causing a bard- 
pan that is always occasioned by successive 
cultivations at uniform depth; and another is 

The Sun la the Hardest Drinker In the 

He even drinks up the ocean, and would 
leave us to perish did not the generous rivers 
give it back again. So with the ground; so 
soon as a crust, ever so slight, is formed a mag- 
nifying glats will show tiny boles through 
which the vapor is rising. Now the roots of 
the trees need this moisture, and if the surface 
is kept thoroughly pulverized they wi!l get it; 
not otherwise. So when that half-inch of rain 
came in May, Capt. Berry (under Mr. Hatch's 
instructions) hired every team in the 
neighborhood and harrowed that whole 
700 ' acres in two days. Almost any 
other man would have thought that his 32 
horses could do the work without hiring. Just 
boil the thing down, and it seems to us that 
here is the main difference between Mr. Hatch's 
phenomenal success in the fruit business and 
that of thousands of others who say it is already 
overdone and will never pay again. They see 
many things to do that they think they can't 
afford. He reasons that he canH afford to leave 
undone anything that needs to be done. 

To illustrate : The writer saw an orchard 
near Orland the other day loaded with fruit. 
Last year he found the owner sitting serenely 
in the shade after his fruit was ripe and begin- 
ning to drop and somewhere from 20 to 50 hands 
(besides an acre of trays) were needed almost 
at once. He said he guessed be would look 
around next week and see if he could not get 
some help to handle the fruit. This year he 
concluded to sell the fruit on the tree. So he 
advertised in the Orland News, and with confi- 
dence "child-like and bland " sat in his easy- 
chair while his nice crop of apricots fell from 
the trees and rotted on the ground. He could 
not help it if no buyers came. He had adver- 
tised, and it would not pay him to do Obina- 
man's work. There is one of the worst troubles 
in this Chinese business — the idea that it is de- 
grading to do anything a Chinaman can do, but 
not degrading to waste time in idleness. 

Between the Orland man and Mr. Hatch on 
the subject of marketing lies every shade of 
opinion and of practice, from the one who faces 
the poor-house to him who sees a bonanza. 

The farther the writer travels and the more 
he sees of the waste from neglect on the places 
of those who are too poor to take a paper, and 
who claim that farming is a mere matter of 
strength and luck, the more he is impressed 
with the lesson that : " Ignorance and lethargy 
are the costliest of luxuries." F. S. C. 

Riverside Oranges. — The Preis and Horti- 
culturist reports 928 carloads (264,602 boxes) 
of oranges as the total shipments from River- 
side for the season just closipg, as against 725 
carloads from the crop of 1887-88. 

Coyotes have done great injury to the 
stockmen in Eistern Nevada this season. 


Foul Brood. 

Editor.s Press: — This disease, which is only 
equaled by the glanders in the horse, in its 
fatality, has been the cause of a great deal of 
controversy among the most celebrated of api- 
arians. The germ theor}', which supposes the 
cause of epidemics and contagious diseases to 
be due to the agency of specific small germs, 
and is backed by Professors Pasteur, Tyndall, 
and others, is generally accepted as the true 
solution of foul brood. Since these scientific 
microscopists agree that bacillus is the cause of 
foul brood, and as the germs or spores exist in 
every part of the hive, pollen, cells, wax, and 
all the woodwork of the hive, and Prof. Tyn- 
dall has proven that 230° F. heat maintained 
for a quarter of an hour, failed to kill them; 
the method most generally adapted for the 
stamping out of the disease consists in the en- 
tire destruction by fire of the entire hive with 
all its contents of frames, comb, and bees. 
This heroic treatment would, in many oases, 
bankrupt the apiarist; and while, in most cases, 
it would effect the best results, we must look 
to some more humane and less destructive 
method. Mr. Chas. F. Muth has, in all prob- 
ability, come nearer a solution of the difficulty 
than any other one man, and from his excellent 
article on " Foul Brood" I condense the fol- 

" It is gratifying to observe the growing at- 
tention paid by bee-keepers to the dangers of 
the spread of foul brood. Utah has a bee in- 
spector in every county and a State officer draw- 
ing pay from the State. It would be but a 
move in the right direction if all the States 
were to follow the sample of our Mormon breth- 

" An abundance of forest trees afford homes 
for absconding swarms favoring the spread 
of the disease. Once a number of bee trees be- 
come infected, every bee running over these 
devastated combs, for years after the death of 
the colony, is liable to take home to its 
own hive the germs of the disease. There- 
fore, be on your guard. The disease is im- 
parted and spreads by contagious spores. 
It is of vegetable growth — a fungus. Lit- 
tle specks, hardly discernible to the naked 
eye, are carried along on the legs of bees run- 
ning over infected combs. Whenever one of 
these spores drops into a sell containing larva, 
the larva dies — soon changing to a brown 
putrid mass, and foul brood begins its work. 
Lirvse are affected and die just before the cells 
are capped, or while bees are performing their 
usual labor of capping. These cells a few 
weeks afterward are perforated near the center 
and easily recognized as disease. Larvae in un- 
capped cells, when killed by this disease, set 
tie into the lower corner as a ropish substance 
and in time dry up in a hard coffee-colored 

Bees running over these cells carry the 
micrococci to a large number of other cells. 
The putrid stench in the hive becomes so strong 
that the bees ofttimes swarm in despair, taking 
with them the curse of foul brood. The old 
bees are not affected, but the young bees being 
killed off, it soon decimates a colony. Micro- 
coccus dropped into an empty cell will lie dor 
mant for years, and when the queen deposits 
an egg in these cells the trouble begins. A 
crevice in a bottom board that had been exposed 
to the weather for a year being used, the bees 
running over it dragged the germ of foul brood 
into the hive with them. 

" To Dr. Schoentield is due the credit of dis- 
cerning the true nature of foul brood and its 
destroyer, while Emil Hilbert found the proper 
proportions. Mr. Hilbert applies the remedy 
— salicylic acid — by means of an atomizer, sub- 
jecting every bee, comb and cell to the spray, 
as well as every frame, inside of hive and ad- 
joining surroundings. Several thorough treat- 
ments effected a cure. The objection to this 
method is that bees from other hives carry the 
spores home with them, thus keeping the dis- 
ease alive. Mr. Hilbert, however, treats his 
diseased hives in a closed room. 

" After repeated failures, and having destroy- 
ed a number of colonies, I tried the following 
method : I brushed the diseased bees on to ten 
frames of comb foundation; these I placed in a 
clean hive and placed them over a jar of food. 
The old combs and frames were burned up. 
This feed was continued until the bees had 
built out and filled up the combs with brood 
and honey. Other colonies were treated in the 
same manner, and all became healthy colonies. 
All did finely and there was no more foul 
brood. I fed these bees honey with about 25 
per cent water added, and to every quart of 
food an ounce of the following mixture^ 

Salicylic acid i6 grains 

Soda bor^x i6 grains 

Water i ounce 

" Bees being without food eat it readily. 
When an atomizer is used on the combs the 
medicine should be only one-half as strong. By 
this method foul brood can be eradicated with- 
out any loss save that of the old combs and 

I have given the article in detail as it is none 
too long and leaves but litUe to be desired. I 
would suggest that all of the frames and the 
inside of the new hive into which the beea are 
transferred be sprayed first. The English 

method consists in washing the hive of the dis- 
eased bees in a solution of carbolic acid : 

Acid carbolic (Calvert's No. 5) 3 ounces 

Glycerine 3 ounces 

Mix and add hot water i quart 

The best plan would be to place the bees to 
be treated in one free from diseases and burn 
all of the diseased hives. Too much care can- 
not be exercised in the purchase of queens, as 
those from infected districts are aot to carry 
the disease with them. E. H. Schaeffle. 

Murphys, Cal. 


Stumptown— Redwoods at Guernevllle. 

Editors Press :— When Guerneville was first 
baptized " Stumptown," the city was built in a 
small clearing among the redwoods along Rus- 
sian river, and as it was almost impossible to re- 
move the immense stumps, they were left in 
the streets and dooryards, where they served 
as doorsteps, foundations for buildings, hitch- 
ing-posts and woodpiles. 

But the tooth of time and the hatchet of the 
man in search of kindling-wood have taken 
away many of these relics from the central part 
of town, and the late fires have taken off nearly 
everything else. 

But if Guerneville is losing its stumpy char- 
acter, the surrounding country is so much the 
stumpier. Where formerly the roads to town 
led among the groves of trees through which 
the sun never once penetrated, now on either 
side there is nothing left but an endless expanse 
of stumps, stumps, stumps — not big stumps and 
little stumps, but big stumps and bigger 

At first it would appear impossible to raise 
anything among all these stumps, which seem 
to cover half the ground, but the soil is so 
rich that the land-owners boast of as large crops 
of corn, potatoes and alfalfa as are produced 
anywhere. Alfalfa, especially, seems to do 
well; and some of the former millmen of the 
neighborhood are becoming noted as breeders of 
fine stock. 

Guerneville is arising from the ashes of her 
great fires. Most of the business men have al- 
ready rebuilt, and a large brick block in which 
half a dozen of the leading merchants will dis- 
play their wares, gives promise of future safety 
from fire. 

At the extreme west end of town, the sawmill 
of Guerne & Murphy was saved from the fire, 
and is furnishing work for many hands. This 
mill was recently sold to the Sonoma Lumber 
Co., a firm which has purchased nearly all the 
good timber left within reach, and is showing 
the natives how to mend their wasteful 
ways and utilize the greatest part of what was 
formerly wasted. The railroad company has 
been induced to build large box cars with open 
top and large side doors, which are run under 
the saws to receive the sawdust, which is regu- 
larly shipped to the San Rifael and Santa R )8a 
electric light and gas companies for fuel. The 
slabs are loaded on board the cars in the same 
manner, and although the new managers have 
only b^en in possession a few weeks, their slabs 
have found their way to nearly all the brick- 
kiln factories and woodyards along the line of 
the San Francisco & North Pacific, and orders 
come in as fast as they can be filled. 

The Sonoma Lumber Co. has a line of rail- 
road with locomotive and flat cars running to 
the logging camps about three miles from the 
mill, and throughout show the effect of good 
and economical management. 

The Bigbottom mill has nearly run to the end 
of its tether, and, although there are several 
million feet of lumber left, it will not be long 
before its saws, and wheels, and pulleys, will 
have gone to rest to wake no more. 

The land-owners along the line of the rail- 
road drive quite a trade in four-foot wood, 
posts, pickets, grape stakes, etc. The tops of 
trees and all other parts not fit for anything 
else are made into four-foot wood; good pieces 
are sold to the shingle-mill, or made into grape 
stakes. In places small mills saw up smaller 
trees of only three or four feet diameter in a 
small way. One of these mills is shipping slabs 
and refuse lumber to the Enterprise planing- 
mill in Santa Rosa, where it is cut up into a 
still smaller way for fruit-boxes and the waste 
used as fuel. 'There is quite a demand at pres- 
ent for railroad ties and small round trees to 
be used as pilings for the seawall at San Fran- 
cisco, and railroad bridges and trestlework; 
and although many of the woodsmen lead a hard, 
rough life, money is easily made and carelessly 
wasted, and on Sunday, after payday at the 
mills, whisky flows in streams. But through 
it all, the farmer is slowly pushing on, building 
fences and a better class of houses, and plant- 
ing trees and vines, and sowing and reaping 
among the ashes and the stumps of the giant 
trees, which once reared up their heads 300 
feet above. G. G. 

The Kangaroo, it is said, is in danger 'of be- 
ing exterminated. Its skin is so valuable that 
large numbers of young kangaroos are killed, 
and high authorities are of the opinion that, 
unless the process is stopped, Australians will 
soon have seen the last specimen of this inter- 
esting animal. 

f ACIFie mjRMo PRESS. 

[July 20, 1889 


Further Grange Reading. 

In our Rural Press Official Grange Edition, issued 
every week, will be tound a good deal additional to 
this dc]iarLnieut, of Interest and importance to Pa- 
trons of Husbandry. Any subscriber can change free 
to that edition, who wishes to. 

Prepare for the State Grange. 

Formerly California had over 250 GraDgea. 
In 18S7-SS there were less than 50 in good 
standing. Now we have 5G or more in our list 
of live Grangea, besides Pomon» Granges, or 
say 60 in all. 

Probably one-half or more of the 200 Granges 
now dormant would have remained active, and 
perhaps have been the cause of many new 
ones, had they been watchfully and carefully 
treated and kindly fostered and visited at least 
once a year by some earnest and discreet State 
Grange officer. But the list being so mnoh 
greater in nnmber than at present, many were 
not only never visited, but seldom received 
communications from headquarters. 

A little prompt attention from our Worthy 
Masters, when difficulties threatened, has often 
saved some of the promising Granges of the 

To "keep what we have got," and "get 
what we can," is what we shoald look out for 
quite well in our Grange field to-day. By 
many, rather than a few, methods must we 
look for the sure and steady growth of the 

As our State Grange session approaches, let 
each Patron study up at least one plan to aid in 
the advancement of our Order, and have that 
plan so perfected that no time may be unneces- 
sarily lost in presenting it clearly to view in all 
its features, and in every particular (as far as 
possible) ready to be acted upon by the conven- 
tion. If your ideas are laid before your subor- 
dinate Grange for primary discussion it will 
add interest to the meeting and prepare you 
better for submitting them to the State Grange. 

Another good course of action is to write out 
your progressive views for publication in our 
paper and exchange opinions with correspond- 
ents in different sections, in order that all sides 
of each question may be roundly discussed so 
that the safest action may finally result. 

From Worthy Overseer Davis. 

Kditors— It is an old saying, trite as 
trae, that, "away from home, in danger." 
However that may be, the writer has been 
away from home about a year and a half, and 
has tried faithfully to be free from both physi- 
cal and moral danger. For the past two 
months the balmy air of the foothills of the 
Sierras has been inhaled, in the hope of curing 
sore lungs and of restoring lost power and man- 
hood. It is gratifying to say that the results 
are alike satisfactory to self and to friends. 
During my stay in Auburn, Placer county, I 
have visited Eureka Grange. As the name 
" Kureka" indicates, this Grange (like all other 
Granges) contains many live and earnest mem- 
bers. Their Present is pleasant and their Fut- 
ure is bright with promise. New members are 
at the door and applicants for honors are mak- 
ing inquiries and asking for application cards. 

Bro. Still, the W. M. of Magnolia Grange, 
has called often to see me, and as soon as oir- 
camstances and health will permit, I shall pay 
the Patrons of Magnolia Grange a fraternal call. 
Bro. Still is a most enthusiastic and untiring 
worker for the Grange. His zeal is commenda- 
ble and his kindness and hospitality are un- 
bounded. Though Still in name, he is lively in 
every other particular, and it is to be hoped he, 
with bis energetic and devoted wife, will be at 
the State Grange and not be Still too much of 
the time. 

Sister Gross (but she is never cross), the 
District Lecturer for Placer county, is untiring 
in her efforts for the Good of the Order. 
When seen by me the last time, about three 
weeks ago, she intimated "Harvest Feast" at 
Boseville Grange on the 20th of July. If there 
is any place I like to be, it is at a Grange Har- 
vest Feast, for there I am always at home. 
The exercise required of a Patron at a Harvest 
Feast is just the kind of work for which I feel 
myself specially fitted, both by nature and by 
education, and even though not in perfect 
health, I am perfectly able to do the occasion 
equal and exact justice. It is a wonder to me 
that Sister Cross, who is such an excellent 
jadge of human nature, should, in my presence, 
have eaid one word about Harvest Feast, for 
she might have known that would be all the 
invitation wanted, I'll be at Roseville on the 
20th of July, and that without fail. 

From private correspondence it is reported 
to me that Santa Rosa Grange — I had almost 
written my Grange — is prospering splendidly. 
Well, Brother Dewey, you know Santa Rosa 
Grange has always been pretty lively, and it is 
sure to continue to be so while some of its pres- 
ent members live, 

Bennett Valley Grange is gaining in numbers 
very fast, and promises to have a good repre- 
sentation at the State Grange, 

It is but little more than two months till the 
State Grange assembles, and it is more than 
important that all Patrons who have business 
to bring before that body should begin to 
formulate it, to the end that the greatest and 
best amount of work may be done in the short- 
eat possible time. We often oonsume more 

time in getting ready to work than we do in 

" Mnch in little " ought to be the rule in all 
parliamentary bodies. Let the State Grange 
set an example in doing business, that the 
State Legislature may be forced to emulate. 
How will it do for the farmers to send about 25 
members to the next Legislature — not send 
them as Patrons, but send them as men? 
What the country needs in official stations is 
men, not mere politicians. A man is a man 
without regard to his political faith or fraternal 
associations. Give ns good men and true, and 
wise and virtuous women, and the rest will be 
added in due time. The Grange has a big 
share to perform in bringing about this revolu- 

May it prosper for all time and always do its 
fall duty without fear or favor is the sincere 
wish of one of its zealous members. 
Auburn, July 15, 1889. E. W. D, 

[It is pleasant indeed to get so bright and 
chatty a letter from onr Worthy Overseer, E. 
W, Davis. It will be read with great interest 
by a host of friends. Now let many other 
officers (inolnding deputies) and members fol- 
low snit and make our P. of H, department 
progress, — Eds.] 

National Grange Location, 

It has been prematurely stated that the loca- 
tion of the coming session has been fixed for 
California, The fact is that arrangements have 
not yet been completed between the Executive 
Committees of the National and State Granges. 

The statement that the session will be held 
in September is another false rnmor. It opens 
Wednesday, Nov, 13, 1889. 

As heretofore expressed, however, we have 
little doubt but that the session will be held in 
onr State capitol. The Commissioners for the 
Entertainment of the National Grange met on 
Tuesday last at Sacramento and considered 
matters relating to the coming of the National 
Grange and entertaining its members and visit- 
ing Patrons. A full Board, consisting of Wm. 
Johnston, President, Geo. W. Hancock, Secre- 
retary, W. L. Overhiser, Worthy Master of the 
State Grange, B F. Walton and A. T. Dewey, 
were present. Senator B. F. Lingford, Amos 
Adams (ex-Secretary of the State Grange) and 
Hon. Thos. McConnell, of the Executive Com- 
mittee, were also present. 

San Jose Grange. 

The meeting of San Jose Grange, July 13th, 
was nnnsually well attended. Notwithstand- 
ing the busy season, members of the Grange 
seem interested in these meetings, and spend 
the Saturday agreeably in town. 


W. H. Gilmore presented some samples of 
Hinds' seedling apricot, which was equal or 
superior to the Moorpark in size and quality, 
and he stated that the tree had always borne a 
good crop with him. The samples shown 
seemed to be more evenly ripened than Moor- 
parks generally are, and in size were four to 
the pound. Members of the Grange stated the 
apricot crop is coming in rapidly, the Moorparka 
beginning to be in fine condition. 

After the closing of the Grange, Mr, Smith, 
a gentleman who had been cashier of a co- 
operative store in England, was introduced to 
the members, and in a conversational way, 
partly in reply to questions, gave the experience 
of starting a store in a small town of 10,000 
people. The movement was began by 12 peo- 
ple contributing a penny each for the purchase 
of some articles of provision most needed by 
them. The purchase was made at wholesale 
rates and then divided. After a little, the num- 
ber of members increased and a store was 
opened with a manager and cashier. In this 
store purchases were made for cash, and sales 
for cash at the prices charged by the best 
houses. Half-yearly dividends were made on 
the basis of purchases made by the members. 
Those who held capital stock were allowed in- 
terest. No stockholder could have leas than 
£1 of stock, nor more than £200, People de- 
posited money freely with them. From 12 
the stockholders increased to 2300, and sales 
were very large. A surplus accumulated, 
which was employed at a profit in building 
houses. Mr. Smith was very cordially thanked 
for his kindness in explaining the workings of 
the store, — Mercury. 

Death of I. W. Huffaker. — Isaac W. Huf- 
faker died on Thursday, July 4th, at his home 
on the sooth side of Bear river, near Wheatland. 
Mr, Huffaker was an old resident of the county, 
having moved to Bear river when its adjacent 
territory was unexcelled in beanty and fertil- 
ity; but, like the lamented Keyes (whose broth- 
er-in-law he was), was compelled, inch by 
inch, to yield up his possessions to the de- 
vouring hydranlic debris antil crowded to the 
wall with scarcely land enough to harbor the 
buildings, Mr. Huffaker was a leading mem- 
ber of Wheatland Grange, and we believe he 
was its Secretary from the organization of the 
Grange to the day of his death. The funeral 
took place at Wheatland, Sunday, July 7th. — 
Sutter Farmer. 

Bro. L. B. Anway of Seattle, W. T., was 
married June 1 9 th to Isabel McLean at that 
place. Bro, Anway has been an occasional 
contributor to our columns since taking up a 
residence in Seattle. 

Travels of the Worthy Lecturer. 

No 6— Liverpool, England. 

Me.ssk.s. Editors:— We left Glasgow at 10 
a. m. on June 17th and arrived here at 3:30 p. m. 
Most of the country is smooth farming land, 
with the exception of a few high, rooky bluffs. 
As we went farther south, the farmers were 
haying, and some few cultivating potatoes and 
turnips. With some exceptions, the fences were 
stone. The exceptions were iron posts and 

Liverpool looks more like some of the Ameri- 
can cities, say Boston or New York, I see a 
great change in the buildings — more of brick 
and of a different style — and that everlasting 
high prison-wall around everything begins to 
disappear. The horses' tails are not clipped so 
short, and a few American hacks make their 

The Docks. 

The great feature of this port and town is the 
docks, which are a wonder in size and cost. 
The paper stated the tide would rise 14 feet 
this morning. We took a look at them from 
the top of a bus that runs their entire length, 
said to be eight miles, and then we looked at 
them at low water from a ferry-boat. There is 
a floating dock, or landing-stage, that floats 
with the water, for steamers with passengers to 
land at, braced and kept away from the docks 
proper by iron gangways. When a vessel wishes 
to load or onload, she is brought into one of 
these stone docks, or basins, at high tide, and 
closed in by two large gates such as they ose at 
the looks of a canal. The gates are adjasted 
so nicely that they prevent the water escaping, 
and the vessel remains in a still pond of water. 
Their cost was up in the millions of pounds 
sterling, and the undertaking and completion 
is too stupendous a piece of work for my pencil. 

It ia marveloua to aee the amount of work 
done on theae wharvea. The loada of merchan- 
diae that they move on one of their two-horae 
tandem-team trucks ia wonderful. Their horses 
are large, powerful and fat, kind and willing to 
pull, and I have not seen one of them stalled 
yet. There seems to be a mutual attachment 
between man and horae, and I have seen none 
of them abused or apparently over-worked. 
When the men are at leisure, they brush the 
horse or rob the harness and chains, and seem 
to have a great pride in having their horses 
look well. They use ropes for lines when used 
at all, but very little guiding ia needed. The 
horaea will weigh from 1600 to 2000 pounda. 

I see some novel sights among the hucksters. 
Donkeys not over three and one-half or four 
feet high hitched into carts that nearly cover 
them np. 

There are some fine, substantial buildings 
hero — custom house, poatoflice, moaeom, art 
gallery, exchange, churchea and stations. 

Wednesday we went to Manchester and 
Rochdale ; left at 8:30 A. M. and returned at 
10 P. M. Had a very busy day and saw enough 
to pay me for my entire expense and time thus 
far on this tour. Did not spend time enough 
in Manchester; may return again. I was about 
to say Manchester has the largest station, the 
Victoria, in the world (we call them depots), 
but, remembering that I am merely on an island 
yet, I dare not say what I shall see when I g^t 
to the mainland, the continent. Population 
seems too great, and land too scarce and valu- 
able to cover up ao much with glaaa, iron, stone 
and brick. 

Bocbdale and Oo-operatlve Stores. 

I went to Rochdale almost specially to look 
into their plan of doing business, and I must 
say, through the courtesy of their gentlemanly 
officers, I was most happily gratified. As soon 
as I made myself known to the head officer 
present, he dropped everything and devoted the 
balance of the day to me. He took mn almost 
immediately to the counting-rooma, where were 
employed nearly a dozen clerks, and introduced 
me to the cashier, a man of about 35, sharp, 
keen, intelligent, a flnent talker, and one who 
was throughly versed in his business. He 
dropped his books and talked to me for fully 
half an hour, in a pleasant and agreeable man- 
ner, giving me all the information he could in 
that space of time. I signed their register; in 
which I saw the signature of J. W. A. Wright of 
1876. I was then shown through the different 
departmenta and given a full set of metal tokens 
they give their customers at each bill purchased. 
I went through their two large library and read- 
ing rooms, the director's room with large, fine 
table, chairs and stationery, photographs of the 
first directors, the firat atore occupied, and the 
present building — the large hall in the fourth, 
or top, story for the stockholders to meet in, 
that will hold 1200 people. They occupy and 
own a large, imposing, four-story building. 

I was shown their large manufactory of cot- 
ton and woolen goods. They make shoes, 
manufacture tobacco, have flour-mill, and I 
know not what all. They loan money to their 
stockholders to build houses; buy land, borrow 
money, build houaea, etc., own and rent a good 
many housea. 

I went through Toad lane and saw the build- 
ing where they atarted the institution in 1844. 
They have 8000 members and 24 branches. I 
visited one of the branches, where, iu the sub- 
urbs, they sold general merchandise; talked 
with the gentlemanly manager, saw the cos- 
tomers make purchasers, pay cash, and receive 
their tokens from a little boy in his stall for 
that purpose. 

This is an educational institution as well as a 
financial. Its circulating library contains 14,- 

558; its branch libraries, 2033; select and local 
pamphlets, 370; total number of volumes, 16,- 
961. They have a regular librarian. They have 
an educational department where science, ait, 
languages and technical classes are taught, and 
prizes offered for proficiency. As I passed 
through the city, I saw a number of their 
branch-store signs, reading: " Rochdale Equi- 
table Pioneers' Society, Limited." 

One of the former directors was dismissed for 
cause, and he and some of the members with- 
drew and started an opposition society, which 
is meeting with very good success. 

I regret very much that I am not a shorthand 
reporter, so I could retain more of the valuable 
information they imparted to me. I should like 
to make them another viait before I return 
home, and gather all the information I can for 
the benefit of our Grange and the Grange atorea. 

There is a large wholesale store on this prin- 
ciple in Manchester, but I did not have time to 
viait it. I ahall not be aatisfied with myself 
unless I go back and make some more inqairies 
into their mode of business. 

Agricultural Methods. 

The country ia beautiful that I passed over 
to-day. Farmers are busy cutting hay. The 
English mowing-machine cuts on the left-hand 
aide of the driver. I saw one mower working 
to-day, the horaea being led, and a man sitting 
on the machine, with fork in hand, forking the 
hay .-tway from the cutting-bar, leaving a clean 
space for the horaea to walk in next bout. I 
have seen men, women and boys in the field, 
spreading hay by their bands, and carrying 
it into the barn with their hands. Their tools 
do not have the light, airy grace which diatin- 
goiah thoae of the Americans. Most of them 
look as though made by country blacksmiths. 
Their fork and shovel handles are short, and 
have a croas, or T, on the end of the handle, 
instead of a D. 

I saw a laborer attempting to work with a 
pick, the other day, and it reminded me of that 
little skirmish between David and Goliath, 
David's friend offered him an armor that Go- 
liath could not pierce; but it was so massive that 
he had to send his man-servant along to carry 
it. David wanted all his strength to fight the 
big fellow with, and had none to spend on maas- 
ive armor. It takes one man to pack an English 
pick, and another to work it. 

National Obaracterlstlcs. 

The English do not build or invest for the 
present, but for the fotore. They compote the 
amount invested by the time it will last, or the 
time it will bring in returns. If they put their 
money in a stone building or stone bridge, they 
have an investment that will bring returns for 
a thouaand yeara. The Yankee, on the other 
hand, wanta to invest his funds so that be can 
get back the principal in the shortest posaible 
space of time. With all the slownees of the 
English, they have some good ideas, and it 
would be a fine thing for our people if more of 
them could come over here, and learn their 
ways, and make a general average of doing 

Hotel Management. 

We are annoyed a good deal at the hotels by 
the time it takes to get a meal. We have to 
order it and wait in the dining-room until it is 
cooked, and then I never knew them to raise a 
perspiration in serving it. You are charged for 
everything you order, and then not to the name 
particularly, but to the number of yoor room. 

We have some good cooks among our party, 
and we are talking of setting up housekeeping 
on our own account. We knoiv that a person 
who can be firat assistant in successfully con- 
ducting a floral establishment can arrange the 
pots and kettles, as well as set up a first-class 

Rooms are charged separate from attend- 
ance. Gas and attendance are charged for 
every night. Across the top of their bills is 
printed in columns the list of the articles they 
have to dispense, such as bath, fire, cigars, 
washing, dinner, tea, etc., and to the left are 
the days of the week, and the amount of the 
bill is carried oot at the extreme right, in 
pounds, ahillinga and pence. They will charge 
for blacking ahoes whether yoo aet them out at 
your door or not, 

I walked two miles at Glasgow to find a bar- 
ber-shop, and failed. I tried it again, and, after 
walking three-foorths of a mile, found one np 
a flight of stairs, and it looked more like a 
fifth-rate tenement-house than a barber-shop. 
If I come back with my face all bristling like a 
Ruaaian, it will not be to eave money; for, 
when I did get shaved, it only cost a penny. 
Unexpected Courtesy. 

I must say the gentlemen and ladies are much 
more courteous to a stranger than I could ex- 
pect, I asked the direction from a young man, 
and he walked three-fourths of a mile out of 
his way, while his dinner was waiting, to show 
me the way, I have another good story to tell 
sometime of the courtesy that waa ahown to 
ua by a father, mother, sister and two brothers, 
entire strangers to ua. It must have been out 
of the purest motives, for there was no expecta- 
tion of reward in it. All the officials about the 
railroad stations are very attentive and polite, 
and show a good deal of patience in giving in- 
formation and answering the numerous and 
sometimes silly questions. 

We start for London in the morning, and the 
balance of my Liverpool aight-seeing will have 
to be written from there. All well, 

D. Flint. 

AVatsonville Grange will try for another 
large class for Angust. 

Jdly 20, 1889.] 

pAClFie [^URAb f RESS. 


Irrigation, Etc., in Tulare. 

Editors Press : — You must wonder why I 
have been silent so long while there has been 
pressing on every side so much that is of vital 
interest to all Grangers. Apologies are irk- 
some things, nearly always in bad taste, and 
" chestnuts " at the beet; but you, gentlemen of 
the city of San Francisco, with your dictators, 
stenographers and type writers, telephones and 
messenger boys, can hardly comprehend the 
primitive condition of ranchers away off here 
at the outposts of Grange civilization. 

Having no hired help, my family and I ar"5 
always busy with our noses to the grindstone 
perpetually. This, with the thermometer 
vibrating between 90 and 116 degrees in the 
shade all day long, does make writing a task, 
even when a bright thought does stray into the 

1 have not read the work on Ultimate 
Finance yet, but presume in advance of reading 
that " ultimate finance " means the last dollar. 
I know what that means. I have been there 
several times. Many of us here, after three dry 
seasons, have got away beyond that. 

Three dry seasons make us think of water — 
the imperative necessity of a water supply in- 
dependent of rain. So Tularians have made a 
second attempt to form an irrigation district 
in accordance with the terms of the Wright 
bill. It meets with strong opposition. Qaite 
a number protest and petition to be left out of 
the district. I felt inclined that way myself. 
Being at the tail-end of the water supply, there 
is a grave doubt whether it would ever reach 
me, and if it did, whether I could get it on the 
land, as water in this region will not rise above 
its level. With this in view, I went to Viaalia 
last Tuesday to be present at the meeting of the 
Board of Supervisors. 1 listened to the protests 
of the petitioners till I became most thoroughly 
ashamed of myself for ever having, even in 
thought, been classified with such transparent 
.meanness and anti-Grange conduct. 

Mr. Wright, the author of the bill, 
'was present, and in the afternoon explained 
and clarified the doubtful and the obscure. 
The Visalia lawyers are bitterly opposed to 
the district being formed, as it would give 
Tulare an advantage in rivalry. That is, 
I think so. At present, about 5000 acres 
of land are irrigated, the proposed district 
contains 63,000 acres, with a water-supply 
capable of irrigating 250,000 acres, when prop- 
erly husbanded, as one of the protestants testi- 
fied, and who is intimately acquainted with the 
«ntire water-supply. The owners of the 5000 
acres now irrigated believe or profess to believe 
that they would be injured if their water rights 
were condemned, and their land bonded and as- 
sessed to pay their pro rata of the general ex- 
pense, when they have already all the water 
they desire. Mr. Wright showed that the bill 
provided for indemnifying all proven injury. 
'One of the most powerful arguments against 
the proposed district is that of irresponsible 
voters; all qualified electors can vote, whether 
they own land or not, and can, when they hold 
the balance of power, saddle a heavy debt on 
the community, toward which they will not be 
required to advance one cent. This does look 
to me unjust, but it applies equally well to mu- 
nicipal atfairs. 

The petition regarding the irrigation district 
is granted, and the election is to take place 
Aug. 24th. 

Grange Meetings. 

The meetings of Tulare Grange since the hot 
weather, and the busy season commenced, have 
not been well attended, and for a month or two 
to come will not have an average attendance. 
'Still the Grange work is attended to. The 
framework of an insurance company has been 
accepted from the appointed committee to be 
acted upon when attendance is greater. 

There has also been appointed a committee 
to forward all required information, as far as 
they are able, concerning the lands capable of 
being irrigated, to the State Board of Trade 
'Committee on Irrigation, 

This brings up before my mind again that 
'meeting last Tuesday in Visalia and the re- 
flections I have had on human nature and 
'Grange prospects. 

" If self the wavering balance shake, 
It's rarely right adjusted." 

Vile self gets in on the very best of projects, 
and man, though " in action how like an 
angel, in apprehension how like a god ! " is as 
closely allied to earth as he is to heaven, and 
the mirror can reflect as much of the devil as it 
can of the angel. 

It was pitiable to see Grangers forswearing 
Grange principles from selfish motives. To 
quote again from the patron poet of Scotland: 

"Good Lord, what is man, for as simple he looks, 
Do but try to develop his hooks and his crooks: 
With his depths and his shallows, his good and his 

All in all he's a problem must puzzle the devil." 
Yours fraternally, J. W. Mackie. 

Tulare, July 13. 1889. 

Bros. Charles Wood, Secretary of the 
Grangers' Business Association, and R. 0. Bald- 
win, Past Masters of Danville Grange, called 
on us last week. They report prospects of a 
new class of applicants to receive the degrees, 
and anticipate a considerable increase of mem- 
bers in their Grange between now and the meet- 
ng of the State Grange, 

Wheat Review and Prospect. 

[Written for the Rural Press by J. R. F.j 

A review of wheat for the season of 1888-89 
contains many points of interest, not only to 
farmers but to dealers and exporters, not the 
least of which are the many difi'erent foreign 
ports to which shipments are made. 

Commencing the season with low prices in 
both wheat and charters, prices steadily ad- 
vanced until the highest figures wore reached in 
the fore part of October for wheat, and in Jan- 
uary for chatters. The advance in the market 
was due to short-crop advices from Europe, par- 
ticularly those received from France. Buyers 
for the French market not only operated direct- 
ly in our market, but also took whtat-laden 
vessels in various positions. This French buy- 
ing, brought in competition with the English, 
caused prices for No. 1 white shipping with us 
to advance 20 and 25 cents per cental within 
three months, and iron ships for U. K. within 
the same time advanced from an average per 
long ton of £1 63. 5d. to an average of £1 19i. 
2d. — an advance of 12i. 9d. per long ton, equal 
to about 2i, 6d. per quarter of 500 pounds. 
(A long ton is 2240 pounds and a short ton 2000 
pounds. In chartering a vessel it is always 
long tons, while the carrying capacity is figured 
short tons.) So, taking the advance in wheat 
and in charters together, it will be seen that 
there was quite a speculative movement to 
bring about so much of an advance in both. 
Not only were the Continental wheat crops 
short, but those in this country did not 
come up to expectation, although here there 
was a larger outturn of corn than ever before 
known. The English crop suffered severely by 
wet weather, the quality being reduced fully 
20 per cent. 

California farmers sold quite freely on the 
rising market, and by the time the highest 
prices were reached it is claimed that fully 75 
per cent of the surplus had been marketed, 
while fully one-half of the remainder passed 
out of farmers' hands before the ides of Decem- 
ber. The weakening in the European markets, 
toward the close of September, caused ours to 
begin to set off. The demand markets abroad 
were unfavorably affected by the free shipments 
from India and Russia, the latter country be- 
ing an unusually large seller, very much 
heavier than the trade had looked for. The 
low price of silver was greatly in favor of Eng- 
lish buyers operating in Russia and India, 
which naturally worked against the wheat mar- 
kets of other countries where gold was to be 
paid. The shipments of wheat from Russia 
from August of last year to July of this year 
we have not the data at hand to give, but it is 
quite safe to say that it waa about double that 
for the like time in several years past. 

The following compilation of tables tell 
more forcibly than can words the varying 
changes in this market for the season, which 
closed with the last day of June. The average 
and highest and lowest prices of actual sales, 
not Call Board, of wheat by month were as fol- 

1.SS8. Aver.Tije. Hijrhest. Loweat- 

July $1 Mi $1 40 $1 324 

AugU'^t 1 4ojt 1 60 1 37J 

September 1 .51 J 1 -WJ 1 

October 1 tJli 1 05 1 6'ii 

November 1 60J 1 63J 1 

December 1 462 1 SCj 1 40 


January 1 4U 1 46 1 35 

February 1 41} 1 45 1 36) 

March 1 Hi 1 4S| 1 37* 

April 1 37i 1 4'2J 1 32J 

May 1 31i 1 35 1 27 J 

June 1 28i 1 31i 1 26 J 

Average for the season $1 34 J 

The wheat charters for the season were at 
the following ranges for iron ships for orders to 
U. K. (United Kingdom) ports per long ton: 

ISiS. Average. HiKhest. Lowest. 

July 263 6(1 31s 3(1 223 6cl 

Augast 34s lOd 41s 3d 30s.. 

September 893.. 41s 3d 378.. 

October 393 2d 403.. 37s 6d 

November 383 lOd 41s 3d 37s 6d 

December 403.. 42s 3d 373 6d 


January 41g 4d 423 6d 403.. 

February 408 .. 40s .. 4H8 .. 

March Sis 6d 3«9 3d 303 . . 

April 2/8 6J 32s 3d 233 6J 

May 303 9.1 31s 3d 2Ss . . 

June 333 5d 33.s 9d 32< 6 I 

Average for the season 32^ 7d 

The following table gives the average rates of 
charters for iron ships, U. K., and average 
price of No. 1 white shipping by seasons: 

Ships. Wheat. 

1880- 81 733 .. «1 42J 

1881- 82 67s 3d 1 6U 

1882- 83 463 9d 1 73 J 

1883- 84 34s 8d 1 B4 H 

1884- 85 388 .. 1 312 

188.'i-80 32s 6d 1 43j 

lSSa-*!7 ?8h 2d 1 52i 

1887-88 268 2d 1 401 

1883-89 328 7d 1 34i 

The price of silver has undoubtedly had very 
much to do with the decline in the price of 
wheat. To illustrate : The average price of 
No. 1 white shipping wheat at this port for the 
season of 1873-74 was $2.05^ per cental. Then 
silver was on a par with gold, and India could 
not, with profit, export wheat, as is well shown 
in the ofiBcial statement that all that was ship 
ped out of that country in 1873 was 735,485 
bushels. Then silver in London was $1.29:^ 
per ounce. (In that year the United States 
demonetized silver.) In 1888-89 the average 
price of wheat with us was $1.34^ per cental 
and silver 92;^ cents in London. With the low 
price of silver, India's wheat export bad in 
creased until last year it aggregated 36,400,260 

bushels. All Indian wheat is paid for in rupees, 
a silver coin passing for 48§ cents. Great Britain 
demonetized silver in the United Kingdom, and 
at the same time demonetized gold in India. In 
doing this the rupee can be bought at a decline, 
for its commercial value is based on the price 
of gold. 

The following official statements of the ex- 
ports of wheat and flour from this port for the 
crop season ending with June 30th last show 
to what countries we ship : 

Destination. Centals. 

ADtwerp 31,202 

Barrow in Purness. 113,866 

Brisbne 7,200 

British Columbia. . 215 

tallao 55,082 

Central America, . . 23,060 

Cork 8,405,333 

Dublin 169,008 

Dunkirk 101,841 

Havre 1,983,74a 

Hawaiian Islands.. 406,998 

Hull 6,086 

Liverpool 1,122 862 

Loudon 43,548 



Pacific Islands. . . . 


Rio de Janeiro 



St. Nazaire 









British Columbia.. 


Cork 84 

Central America 120 

China 306 

Gatwa.v 36 

Hawaiian Isbnds 48 

Japan 18, 


Liverpool 66. 

Londondeiry 19. 

Manila V 

Total 13,008,053 


Mexico 5,164 

''anama 15,750 

Pacific Islands 408 

Ku83ian PosseSfioDB. . 11,518 

Saigon 31 

Sligo 14,283 

.South America 15,627 

Sydney 36,795 

Tahiti 11.986 

fVestport 22,275 

Total 845,232 

Reduced to the equivalent of wheat, the 
flour and wheat shipments for the past 17 
cereal years have been as follows in tons ot 
2000 pounds: 

Tons I Tons. 

1872-73 531 800' 1881-82 1,239.000 

18?3-74 455,300; 882-83 894,900 

1874-76 .608,800 1883-S4 785,700 

1S75-76 373.700 1.884-86 1,001,900 

1876- 77 604,100 1886-86 743,000 

1877- 78 259,200 18^6-37 767,000 

1878- "9 680,100 1887-88 566,400 

1.879-80 000 000 1888-89 805,500 

18S0-S1 767,500 

In Jane the Prodaoe Exchange took its an- 
nual account of stock in this State, which ad- 
mits of a fairly accurate estimate of the 1888 
crop outturn: 


E.'cnorts from July 1, 1888, to .Tune 1, 1889 (in- 
cluding H.iur reduced to wheat) 759,391 

Local consumption tor the cereal year 300,000 

Seeded, 3.650,000 acres 125,000 

Stock June 1, 1889 (including flour reduced to 
wheat) 119,706 

Total 1,304,097 

Deduct stock July 1, 1888 (including flour re- 
duced to wheat) 204,886 

Receipts from Oregon from July 1,1888, 
to June 1, 1889 (including flour reduced 
to wheat) 54,888 

Total 259,574 

Cropot 1888 1,044,522 

Regarding this season's (1889-90) crop and 
outlook, the general prospects are favorable for 
fairly remunerative prices, which may be large- 
ly advanced in the event of foreign complications 
or other unforeseen events. The Australasian 
crop promises to be above an average, the Ar- 
gentine Republic and Chili a full average, 
the French crop a full average, with a 
strong probability that very little will be re- 
quired to be imported; the English and German 
crop barely an average. The Austria-Hungary 
crop is said to be below an average, as is that 
of Russia. Definite information of the crop 
outlook in the other countries is hard, as yet, 
to obtain. The last Mark Lane Express at 
hand reports as follows regarding the Indian 
wheat crop: 

" The final wheat forecast for India for this 
year has been issued by the Agricultural De- 
partment at Simla. The latest reports show 
the area sown at 2,297,000, or 2.4 per cent less 
than last year, but nearly 2 per cent above the 
average of four years endiag 1887-88. The 
Gujarat and Daccan show decreases balow last 
year by 29 and 7 per cent respectively, while 
the Karnatik and Sind and the Gujarat and 
Southern Maharrata Country States show in- 
creases of 5, 9, 13 and 6 per cent respectively. 
The decrease was due to want of timely and 
sufficient sowing rain, and the increase partly 
to the exigencies of rotation crops and partly 
to sowing of lands that lay fallow owing to the 
deficiency of early rain. The increase in Na- 
tive States — particularly of Gujarat — is due 
chiefly to incorrect returns. The increase is 
not wholly real. In Sind the increase was 
due to timely and seasonable flooding of the 
Indus and to more land being brought under 
cultivation. Including the Native States — the 
yield of which has been calculated on the an- 
nual valuation for the neighboring British dis- 
tricts — the estimated outturn is 588 472 tons as 
against 862,475 tons last year. Except the 
Gujarat States, which show an increase over 
last year's, the decrease in the gross ofitturn is 
general, notably in the Daccan, which gives 
only one-third of last year's produce." 

In the United States the winter wheat is a 
full average, or about 35,000,000 bushels over 
the winter wheat outturn of 1888, but the 
spring wheat outturn promises to be less; yet 
taken as a whole, the yield will be an increase 
over that of last year. 

Aside from the outturn this year, the car- 
ryover or reserves of old wheat cut an impor- 
tant figure. In the United States the carryover 
f>-om the season of 1888-89 will be less than 
before known, fully 20,000,000 bushels below 
that from the orop of 1887-88. la France, 

England and Germany the stocks of old wheat 
are considerably below a general average; while 
both Russia and India have been drained to a 
very low point. The former country, prob- 
ably, has the smallest carryover known for 
years. Australasia, as is well known, has no re- 
serve. Spain, Italy and Austria-Hungary have 
light stocks, as has the Argentine Republic; so 
take it all in all, the outlook for the season of 
1889-90 is favorable to these of the holding in- 
terest who are content with a fair profit above 
the cost of production. 

Some of the so-called commercial writers on 
the daily papers, who see more profit to them- 
selves in crying down prices and presenting the 
bad side to farmers, are doing all they can not 
only to sustain but to advance charters at this 
port. In their writings they take, as they al- 
ways do, a surface skimming of the situation. 
While I am willing to admit that at present 
tonnage is against wheat, yet the outlook 
promises to favor holders. Last year both 
India and Russia were heavy shippers of wheat, 
and buyers in those two countries entered the 
supply ports for ships, and in their anxiety to 
obtain tonnage ran charters up. Large num- 
bers of vessels that would have come to this 
coast were attracted elsewhere. This year both 
Russia and India, but particularly the former, 
will not have either as large carryovers or crops 
as they did in 1888, consequently they will not 
compete so actively for ships. Bat, on the 
other band, Australasia will want ships for 
wheat in and after next December; yet this 
will not cut any very important figure. With 
a orop in this State of not less than 1,500,000 
short tons, many newspaper writers apparently 
purposely have an exaggerated idea ot the situ- 
ation favorable to ships. Last year with a crop 
in this State of about 1,000,000 tons and a 
carryover of about 200,000 tons, total over 
1,200,000, we easily marketed it, and entered 
the crop of 1889-90 with a smaller stock of old 
wheat than for many years past. As stated by 
the writer in the " Local Markets " in last 
week's Rural Press, California farmers are 
proverbial holders of wheat when prices do not 
suit, and consequently if buyers and ships do 
begin to crowd them too much, they will hold 
fully one-half or more of the entire crop antil 
the market advances so as to give a fair range 
of prices. Ships are already being attracted to 
us, and will continue to be for the next two or 
three months to come, so that there does not ap- 
pear to be any well-grounded fear of a scarcity 
of tonnage to move our surplus. 

Railroad Freights. 

Editors Press-. — It appears from Eastern 
dispatches that freight rates on wheat from 
Chicago to New York have been fixed at 25c. 
per cental and corn at 20c, the distance be- 
ing, on the average roads between those points, 
about 1000 miles, so that the wheat rate ap- 
pears to be $5 per ton, or one-half of one cent 
per ton per mile, and corn two-fifths of one cent 
per mile, or $4 per ton. 

When we compare California rates, such as 
our farmers are paying on their heavy products 
in carload lots, being from three to four cents 
per ton per mile, or from 6 to 8 times 
as much as the Chicago and New York 
rates are, we can understand why there is so 
little money in farming. 

There being no competition in California, the 
railroads charge " all the traffic will bear," and 
up to the point of no profit to the farmer, and 
for this reason the Railroad Commission was 
established, so that the people might have some 
protection and be able to live. The protection 
received so far from this Commission has not 
relieved nor protected the farmer, to our knowl- 
edge, in the least, and there ssems to be very 
little confidence placed in the Commission, so 
far as justice to the farmer is concerned, and 
the fact that they have allowed such exorbitant 
rates to be collected for years past does not 
warrant much faith in their good intentions. 

It probably does cost 10 to 20 per cent more 
in the matter of expenses on railroad freights 
here than in the East, bat that is a poor reason 
for charging five to ten times as much as they 
do East. It is the published policy of the rail- 
road companies to " charge all the traffic will 
baar," and it is not very becoming or pleasant 
to the farmer to have it dinned in his ears at 
all times that the railroad will charge all the 
article to be shipped will stand — short of stop- 
ping production. It is, in fact, the old Egyp- 
tian rule of the master to the slave: 

" Thrash away, slaves ! thrash away faster, 

The straw for yourselves, the grain for your master." 

And this, too, in view of the statute law of this 
State, which provides for the fixing of a 100- 
mile rate, and the discrimination allowable for 
shorter distances. The Railroad Commission- 
ers have paid no attention to this law, so far 
as we have learned, and perhaps will not, un- 
less some one compels them to enforce it. It 
would save them and the railroad companies a 
world of trouble if they would strictly enforce 
that law, by determining the hundred-mile 
rate, as the Act provides clearly for shorter 
distances. R. G. S 

The Worthy Master has added Sister Mary 
Merrill of Stockton to the Literary Committee 
of the State Grange. Many of those who re- 
member her eloquent appeal for woman's cause 
at Santa Rosa will be glad to hear of this ap- 



[Jolt 20, 1889 

The Hills of the Lord. 

God plowed one day with an earthquake. 

And drove His furrows deep! 
The huddhng plains upstarted, 

The hills were all asleep! 

But that is the mountain's secret, 
Age-hidden in their breast; 
' God's peace is everlasting,'' 

Are the dream-words of their rest. 

He hath made them the haunt of beauty. 

The home elect of His grace; 
He spreadetli his morning on them. 

His sunsets light their fice. 

The people of tired cities 
Come up to the shrine and pray; 

God freshens again within them 
As He passes by all day. 

And lo, I have caught their secret; 

The beauiy deeper than all! 
This faith — that Life's hard moments. 

When the jarring sorrows befall, 

Are but God plowing His mountains; 

And those mountams yet shall be 
The source of His grace and freshness. 

And His peace everlasting lo me. 

— W. C. Gannett. 

Something About Yo Semite Valley. 

[Written for the Kuial Press by Flora M. Kimball.] 

" I went to see, I tho-dght to write, and I 
was dumb;" so you will be mercifully spared 
the infliction of a detailed description of the 
world's greatest picturesque wonder. Lack- 
ing sufficient conceit to attempt to clothe in 
poor language what the artist's brush and 
photographer's skill have but feebly hinted 
at, I will leave the impossible to the more 
daring, and confine my pen to the common- 
plnce incidents of the trip and information 
gained during a brief stay in the Yo Semite 

Human sight and comprehension being 
gauged to common surroundings and neces- 
sities, it is impossible to measure with the 
eye, with any degree of accuracy, Yo 
Semite's mountains and waterfalls that so 
far surpass in hight any we have ever seen. 
Hundreds and thousands of feet are all the 
same to us; indeed we are quite ready to ac- 
cept the wildest statements without question. 

There are plenty of guides for the bene- 
fit of tourists, with information respecting 
the interesting objects of the valley, how to 
go and what to do after getting there; but 1 
have seen none embracing the physical and 
spiritual conditions necessary for the jour- 
ney quite as important as the luggage one 
packs in his gripsack. Without such knowl- 
edge, what should be the grandest outing of 
a lifetime may prove a disastrous failure. 
Our party, I fancy, was 

Ezceptlooally Well UgaiDped 

In every particular. At the last moment two 
of those contemplating the trip were un- 
avoidably detained, leaving nine of us with 
two vacant seats in the stage which were 
later occupied by pleasant strangers. All 
were in robust health, and for the time be- 
ng, at least, good-natured, harmonious, and 
blmd as bats to each other's weaknesses. 
The W. C. T. U. ladies never frowned when 
our delightful German doctor indulged in a 
glass of Milwaukee beer or sipped his fam- 
ous " Benedictine." The ultra liberals and 
the two clergymen did not even wince when 
their respective sectarian toes were stepped 
upon, and when political jokes went round, 
the moun'.ains echoed the shouts of laughter 
from the party hit as well as from those of 
the opposite side. 

Next to sweet charity, the most essential 
article for the journey is the well-digested 
resolution not to mind trifles. A person 
whose special calling is fault-finding has 
always a large stock in trade. A fly in a 
lady's parlor may cause her as great annoy- 
ance as a men igeiie let loose in a city would 
an uncomplaining man. Dust, travelers by 
land have always with them, and at the 
signal "horrid dust," a mile of travelers 
may catch the cry and ring the changes on 
all adjectives synonymous with horrid, until 
the happiest is transformed into a wretched 
sufferer. So if the dust blows in your face, 
dear traveler, if the stage lurches, if you are 
hungry and thirsty, keep still about it until 
the matter can be mended. Cowardice is 
an inconvenient quality to take to the Yo 
Semite. Resolve to act like the bravest, for 
abundant occasions will present themselves, 
if we see the sights, when personal safety 
must be forgotten, and the whole attention 

directed to clinging to one's seat, or the 
gentle horse's neck, as we bound over the 
mountains or creep up the trails. Here, 
proud man is humbled. For once his beast 
is his superior, and his life is in his animals' 
well-trained feet. Trust to your horses and 
all will be well. I never had my admiration 
so stimulated for a horse as in my first ride 
up the trail to the top of the Nevada Fall. 
As we crawled up the almost perpendicular 
mountain-side, following the trail that doub- 
les back and forth every few feet on so sharp 
a curve that the horse must set his feet and 
turn his body half-way around before taking 
the next step, with no choice of spots where 
to place his feet, and looking back upon a 
procession of fifty riders occupying half a 
dozen levels,then up the dizzy hight whereyou 
would scarce expect a rabbit to find a foot- 
hold, others zigzagging like those below, we 
feit the need of a strong mind and steady 
nerves to enable us to keep our head and 
balance. Riders new to the saddle secretly 
resolve to walk back, but they never do. 
There is a fascination in being borne upward 
thousands of feet on the back of an almost 
human pony, and it seems unjust to doubt 
his skill in taking us down again; and so to 
save the pony's feelings, and enjoy the re- 
turning prospect, we ride, of course. 

The seasons vary in the valley as they do 
in the outside world, and aselection of award- 
robe should be made to fit the average. 
The least possible luggage is best, for driv- 
ers and horses, at least. Extra baggage is 
a burden and fine clothing a snare. Men 
and women alike wear so't felt hats; the 
ladies' veils, which are pretty enough for the 
entire journey, or shade hats, may be pur- 

outfit may be reduced to even a smaller 
compass. A small flask of whisky, for an 
after-ride ablution, is a wonderful revivifier. 

From Raymond, where we take stages for 
the Yo Semite, is about twenty hours' ride, 
and a magnificent one. The country 

Is a Constant Surprise. 

Immense forests of spruce and pine, and 
within their shadow profusely blooming, the 
California lilac, its snow-white sprays of 
blossoms gracefully nodding as we pass; the 
leather tree, brilliant with its golden cup- 
shaped flowers; buckeye and dogwood so 
covered with their large, white blooms that 
their glossy green foliage seemed to peep 
out from huge snowdrifts; azaleas — the river- 
pink of blessed New England memory, dis- 
pensing their sweet fragrance; evening prim- 
rose, tulips and an almost numberless variety 
of beautiful flowers, elicit unfeigned expres- 
sions of admiration as we pass. The young 
lady of our party counted one hundred and 
twenty varieties on the way, and in the valley 
we met a party of campers who had counted 
three hundred as they drove in. 

The grand views, constantly changing, 
combined with such enchanting surround- 
ings, presented a startling panorama which 
would have recompensed us abundantly for 
all trouble and expense we had incurred, had 
we gone no farther. Now crawling at snail's 
pace up the narrow road, mountains close to 
us on one side and dark gorges and ravines 
on the other; now descending into canyons 
at a rapidity that took our breath, our eyes 
on the driver's foot as it pressed the brake, 
a few rods forward, then back again to make 
the grade, was a new experience to us quiet 

A GENERAL VIEW OF YO SEMITE VALLBY.-After a PaintlDg by Tho8. Hill. 

chased at Wawona, our last stopping-place 
before entering the valley. Gossamers and 
rubber overshoes are indispensable; for while 
no storms may occur, no one should fail to 
visit the falls, where there is a constant 
storm from their angry waters and a 
strong wind spitefully carries the spray 
a long distance. You are drenched in 
mist and rainbows, and blown about 
in the most audacious manner. The 
descent of the Yo Semite Fall is 2550 feet, 
with two breaks, the upper fall being 1436 
feet, the middle one 626. and the lower 488, 
which is good and sufficient reason, as we 
stand withm its terrific thundering, why a 
gale is constantly raging. In the effort to 
approach a little nearer, we are driven back 
as effectually as if we had met a grizzly in 
our path. We play with the monster as 
long as we like, answering his thunderings 
with shouts and laughter, then emerge from 
our fair-day storm, doff our dripping wraps 
and proceed on our way to the Cascades, 
calculating meanwhile how many Niagaras 
of one hundred and sixty-four feet, piled one 
above another, would reach to the top of the 
Yo Semite, twenty-five hundred and fifty 

While taking an outfit for certain rain, it is 
no less sure that comfortably warm clothing 
will be needed all the time. The narrow- 
ness of the valley and the great highr of the 
mountains inclosing it, preclude the possi- 
bility of many hours of sunshine. During 
the shortest days, I was told that ninety 
minutes was the length of the day between 
sunrise and sunset. 

Few ladies wear riding habits, short skirts 
being far better adapted to the trails, and 
with these, timid or heavy ladies can well 
ride astride if they choose. Easy boo's, old 
kid ploves, toilet articles and an extra dress, 
if one chooses, may be packed into a light 
gripsack, and whatever else is important, 
each can judge for herself. A gentleman's 

dwellers by the sea, and one never to be for- 
gotten. Whistling, laughing or waving a 
handkerchief seemed perilous, as it appeared 
from our dizzy hight that the least unusual 
|ar might precipitate us into the abyss below. 
But new courage was born from the heroism 
of others, as I recalled the feat of a brave 
lady friend, who, fifteen years ago, in com- 
pany with her invalid husband, 

Made the Journey on Horseback 

From National City, within ten miles of the 
Mexican boundary, to the Yo Semite valley. 
We changed horses four times. Our last 
driver, Mr. Stevens, is the oldest in employ 
on the line, having driven over the road 
eleven years. His knowledge of the route, 
and pleasant manner of imparting it, makes 
him a great favorite with tourists, and en- 
titles him to the most difficult portion of the 
road. At Inspiration Point, which might 
properly be called Exclamation, he halted 
to give us our first glimpse of the valley. 
We were told that at this point ladies weep — 
and well they may — but we were for a mo- 
ment dumb. It is said that unless a bird 
should sing, it would die of imprisoned full- 
ness; and when the soul is so overcharged 
with wonder, indescribable awe and rever- 
ence, language is too poor and weak to fitly 
express the emotions, and tears come as a 
grateful relief. Tears, however, are not the 
exclusive resort of ladies, for I have rend of 
several brave men, grand souls, whose only 
resource was this so-called feminine demon- 
stration. A member of the first party of 
white men who ever entered the valley de- 
clares that their souls, overflowing wi:h grati- 
fied delight, were "manifest in unbidden 

The colossal grandeur of the view is op- 
pressive. The heart almost stands still in 
awe. I closed my eyes, fearing to take in 
too much. I felt as if I had come gradually 

or dreamed. One of our fellow-travelers 
gave a shout, and the echo came back from 
the granite mountains, as though mighty 
giants were hidden in their strongholds 
mocking him. 

The late Samuel Bowles of the Springfield 
Republican said, on entering the valley: 
"Such a tide of feeling, such stoppage of 
ordinary emotions, comes at rare intervals in 
any life. It was the 

Oonfrontal of God, Face to Face. 

All that was mortal shrank back; all that 
was immortal swept to the front and bowed 
down in awe." 

After an attempt to take in the view, 
mountains of rock thousands of feet high, 
Bridal Veil Fall, dropping down eight hun- 
dred feet, bewildering in its hight and beauty, 
giant pines, cedar and fir more than two 
hundred feet tall, the narrow valley below 
like a bit of green ribbon, with the Merced 
river, one hundred feet wide, like a thread of 
silver running through its center, we felt a 
sense of relief when Stevens gave his horses 
the word to start again. 

Our next stop was at Artists' Point, for 
which we were better prepared. Had we 
seen this first, Inspiration Point might have 
been a little less overpowering; but this is 
beautifully grand. Among other good stories 
our driver told the following — true, no doubt 
for there are many stupid souls in bodies 
that go about: A party of Eastern tourists 
filled his coach, and he stopped as usual at 
Artists' Point to give them a moment's view, 
and expecting some startling exclamation or 
fine speeches, waited in silence an instant, 
when it was broken by an esthetic lady with 
"I wonder why they don't have 
lace curtains at the Wawona 
Hotel !" 

In our train were five four- 
horse coaches, carrying fifty- 
seven persons, an unusually 
large number for one day. 
-Most of them took shelter at 
the Stoneman House, which 
on the two 'oUowing days was 
filled to overflowing, and vis- 
itors were obliged to seek 
other hotels. No great incon- 
venience, for the Barnard, 
which we passed a mile back, 
was as attractive, and pleas- 
anter in point of location than 
the Stoneman. The latter has 
the preference, being new, 
commodious and well kept by 
a model landlord, J. J. Cook, 
who is untiring in his eflforts to 
make his guests comfortable. 

An event which marked the 
day of our arrival was the first 
issue of the 

" Yo Semite Tourist," 
A four-page, occasional paper, 
full of local information adapt- 
ed to visitors in the valley and 
those contemplating a visit 
there. Number two appeared 
during the week. It is published and 
edited by D. J. Foley and S. J. Harris. 
Yo Semite has now three important pub- 
lic institutions — a church, newspaper and 
school. The chapel was built in 1879, 
and has a seating capacity of two hun- 
dred and fifty. The pulpit may be said to 
be cosmopolitan in its occupants, being filled 
by visiting clergymen from all parts of the 
world, and often men of note. 

The Sunday previous to our arrival. Rev. 
Mr. Spurgeon of London officiated, and the 
Sabbath of our stay, one of our fellow-pas- 
sengers, Prof. Blakie of the University of 
Edinburgh, Scotland, conducted the services, 
and the other clergyman of our party was 
invited to speak in the evening. Prof. Blakie 
and wife had just arrived in America for a 
visit, and took in the great valley at once as 
one of the first attractions of the country. 
This eminent couple are nearing the four- 
score milestone of life, and strikingly verify 
the characteristic greeting of Dr. Holmes on 
the occasion of Julia Ward Howe's seventieth 
birthday: "To be seventy years young is 
sometimes far more cheerful and hopeful 
than to be forty years old." The chapel is 
furnished with a fine organ, a memorial gift 
of Miss Mary Porter of Philadelphia, in 
memory of Miss Florence Hutchings, the 
first white child born in Yo -Semite, who 
passed away in the dawn of a beautiful 
womanhood. Miss Hutchings is said to 
have been the heroine of 

Hon. Tberesa Yelverton's Novel, 

Written amid these inspiring surroundings, 
in close companionship of this lovely girl. 
She must have possessed a brave as well as 
sweet and aflfectionate nature. It is record- 
ed of her that she, in company with her 
mother — who followed her daughter to the 
spirit land within a few week of Florence's 
death — made the perilous ascent of Mt. 

to another world of which I had never heard Starr King, whose crest is 5 171 feet above 

Jdly 20, 1889.] 


the valley. They were the first ladies who 
succeeded in making the ascent. B. F. 
Taylor, in " Between the Gates," says: " Let 
us give the girl, for her own and her father's 
sake, some graceful mountain hight, and let 
it be called Mt. Florence." It was done, 
and the charming peak will forever stand as 
a fitting monument to Yo Semite's first-born. 

The first day after we arrived, and before 
the sun peeped into the valley, we visited 
Mirror Lake. Nothing can surpass in beauty 
and grandeur this wonderful spot. At this 
early hour the surface of the lake is smooth 
as glass, and the reflection of great trees, 
graceful vines and shrubs, lofty Mount Wat- 
kins, four thousand feet in hight above the 
level of the water. Clouds Rest, six thousand 
feet above the lake, Half Dome and other 
peaks near by, are reflected in the lake as 
perfect as the real objects themselves. The 
phenomenon of a double reflection, the trees 
in the water apparently in a natural upright 
position, is here presented. But the most 
pleasing sight is the repeated risings of the 
sun, thirteen of which we witnessed, but 
missed seven by not starting in at the 
proper place on the margin of the lake. A 
young lady who has spent twelve summers 
in the valley volunteered to act as guide, 
which service we gratefully accepted. Leau- 
ing us from rock to rock, we paused long 
enough to see the sun peep up from behind 
a granite peak, then hurrying away it dis- 
appeared, but to reappear at the next stop- 
ping-place. Every time the sun showed its 
face a shout went up from a hundred throats, 

" There It Is." 

The excitement was intense, and the specta- 
cle a singular and satisfying one. Reluct- 
antly we turned away from this fairy scene, 
mounted our horses, and after a little dally- 
ing to adjust ourselves to our new conditions, 
started on the trail to Nevada and Vernal 

( To be continued. ) 

^OUJ^G JifoLKS' QoisUJVlN, 


The Bsston Post saya there is a rat in that 
city that was caught stealing doughnuts by 
stringing them on his tail; then taking the end 
of the tail in his mouth he trots off to his lodg- 

The Ventura Videtle respectfully calls the 
attention of the Supervisors to the fact that the 
erection of a small jail at New Jerusalem 
would be a saving to the taxpayers of that 

Pat (in gaping wonder at the letters on a 
Hebrew butcher's sigo) : " Here, Mike, 'tis 
yerself has the foine larnin'. Can yez rade 
that, now?" Mike: "I cannot; but if I had 
me flute here I belave I cud play it." — Boston 
Commercial Bulletin, 

"What is that green stuff in the cream, 
William?" asked a young wife, referring to the 
pistachio in the center of the form. " Oh, 
that's an oasis, my dear." " A what?" " An 
oasis — a little green spot in the dessert, you 
know." — Yonlcers Statesman. 

First Robber : "I've found the dress the 
lady of the house does her shopping in. I sup 
pose her purse is in the pocket." Second Rob- 
ber : " 'Then we'll have to take the dress with 
us. We can hunt for the pocket when we 
have a whole day to spare." 

Teacher: " How is Pompeii pronounced?" 
First Boy : "Pompeyl." Teacher: "Next!" 
Second Boy : " Pompey-ai-ai." Teacher : 
" Next I" Third Boy : " Pompee." Teacher 
"Next 1" Fourth Boy (with ineffable scorn) 
"I don't pronounce it. I just say 'Ilercu- 
laneum,' " 

Cross Examining Counsel: "Now, Mr 
Brown, you say this Louis C. Brown is a dis 
tint relative of yours ?" Mr. Brown : " Yes." 
Counsel: "What relation is he?" Mr. 
Brown : " My brother." Counsel : " But you 
just told us he was a distant relative." Mr 
Brown : " So he is. At present he is in 

One Gordon, a vooalist of the last century, 
rashly accused Handel of accompanying him 
badly, and added that he would jump upon the 
harpsichord and smash it if the composer did 
not change his style. " Let me know when you 
vill dodat," said the Saxon master, " and I vill 
adverdise it. I am sure more beople vill come 
to see you shnmp dan vill come to hear you 
sing I" 

The Cat Cadoht a Tartar.— The Gilroy 
Gazette tells how Mrs. Borge of the Cruse-Mil 
ler ranch, while looking after her flock of ducks 
the other day, was suddenly surprised by a 
full-grown wildcat jumping upon her and fast 
ening his fangs in her left band. The lady had 
sense and nerve, so she neither fainted nor 
called for assistance, but with her good right 
hand clutched the beast by the throat and with 
sturdy determination choked it to death, 
despite the pain of the wounds inflicted by the 
dying animal. After the death struggle she 
made her way to the house and sent her hus 
band to town for medical assistance. Her hand 
shows 22 distinct impressions of teeth where 
they had been firmly imbedded. The hand is 
also, with her arm, badly lacerated by the claws 
of the oat. 


Enigmatic Snarls, Hard and Easy, for 
Young People of all Ages to Untangle. 

54.— mental arithmetic. 

55. — a few nets. 

1. What net holds many a lovely face? 

2. What net a fowl of song and grace ? 

3. What net an ornamental stone? 

4. What net must by the mouth be blown ? 

5. What net is that of fourteen lines? 

6. And what a poisoning spear confines ? 

7. What net some officer must set? 

8. From what a rare perfume we get ? 

9. What net's a bird with sweet-toned voice ? 

10. What net our tuneful grandma's choice? 

11. What net is found a kind of goose ? 

12. And what a Spanish beast of use? S. 


Miss 4, 5, 3, 7, I, 6, 7 was i, 5, 6—1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 
of two children, 3, 7, i and 8, 3, 7, 3. 5, 6 and 
8, 5, 2 tried one day to 4, 5, 2, 3, i, and i, 6, 3, 8, 6 — 
I, 5, 6— I, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 with their 3, 7, i, 8; 8, 5, 6 
cuffed 2, 3, 4, 5 and made their 6, 3, 7, 8 — 3, 4, 5, 6. 
They 8, 3, i on i, 5, 6, i, 2, 3—4, 5, 6, 8, i, shed 
I, 2, 3, 7, 8, and said: " We 5, 3, i, 2 — 1, 5. 2 — 
I, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 — 8, 5, 2 — 3, 4, I, 8 so cross." then 
took their 5, 3, i, 8, cried " 8, 4, 3, i ! '' and made 
5, 3. 8, I, 2 to 4, 5, 3, 8, 6—1, s, 6—4, 3, I, who 
" 3, I under i, 5,^2 — 3, 7, 4, 5 — nay,|in 8, 6, 3, 7, 4, 5 
of 3—7, 3i I. 

Meanwhile Miss 4, 5, 3, 7, i, 6, 7 took i, 5, 2 
next 4, 3, 7, went to i, 5, 6 —8, 6. 3 side, 103 — 4, 3, i — 
show, and to 3—4, 3, i, 6, 7, 2, 7 '8, where 8, 5, 6 
had 7, 3, 7, 2 — 4, s, 6, 2, 7. When 8, 5, 2 returned 
and I, 5, 6 children found i, 5, 3, 5, they had lost 
I, 5, 2—1, 7, 6, 3, I — I, 5, 6, 7, 2 were cries, and 
I, 2, 3, 7, 8, and 5, 6, 3, 7, i — 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, and they 
made 5, 3, 8, i, 2 to promise i, 5, 3, i never would 
they 3, 4, I so again. They were forgiven, and Miss 
4. S. 3. 7> 'i 2, 7 still I, 2, 3, 4, S, 6, 8, but i, 5, 2 
children never 4, 5, 6, 3. i. H. M. A. 


To those who are discontent 

With their present place in society, 
I beg to here present 

A receipt lor notoriety. 
Get you in the midst of a tree 

As straight as the village steeple. 
And take my word you'll be 

Admired by all the people. 

W. Wilson. 


What well-known quotation from " Romeo and 
Juliet '' is contained in the following paragraph: 

" What sin have I committed?" said an Ameri 
can girl to her lover when she sat on his best hat 
which he had left on the sofa. He handed her a 
wet Calla and arose to take his leave. His hobby 
was botany, but not hers, for she was an American 
school-girl. " I would prefer as mellow a pear as 
you can give me, Leonidas," she said, "to this wee 
thing you call a flower." J. H. Fezandie. 

59. — anagram. 
He who is full of noisy talk 

And seems for bluster made. 
In business is most sure to balk: 
He cannot " lead the trade." 


protest, and indeed for the moment he was only 
too happy to get off so easily. When, how- 
ever, he had been summoned to sit on that 
cut two or three times things wore a different 
aspect. He heard the door-bell ring with ap- 
prehension, and when he was called for to run 
to the drawing-room he burst into wailing and 
weeping so violent that his presence had to be 
dispensed with. 

"Now, my son," his father said to him, "I 
did not make any fuss when you cut my new 
sofa covering, and I can't allow you to make a 
fuss about bearing the consequences of what 
you did to please yourself." 

The poor little wretch was reduced to a con- 
dition of despair, pitiful to behold, when his 
father said to him : 

" Now, Willis, 1 am going to make a propo- 
sition to you. You may do just as you please 
about it. I promised you a soldier's uniform at 
Christmas; now if you would rather I took that 
money and had the sofa mended, I will put 
enough with it to get the thing done. But if I 
do, you will get no uniform at Christmas." 

The lad chose to have the sofa mended, and 
at Christmas he bore his disappointment like 
his father's son. 


46. — Be not a baker if your head be of butter. 

47. — The letter I. P-i-late, p-i-rate, p-i-lot, 

48. — Clear-stuff. 

49. — 300 limes. 

50. — Termination. 

51. — Unite, untie. 

52. — C H E R u B 

O N Y c h A 
U N c o I L 
T a R T A N 
E X o T I C 
R I m o s E 
53— Sally. 

The Cut ill the Sofa. 

Arlo Bates tells this story in the Providence 
Journal : 

A gentleman returned home the other even- 
ing to be met with the news that his son of 
seven years had cut a hole in the drawing-room 

" Well, my sod," the father said, after being 
informed by the lad that he had done the dam- 
Sif^e under the pressure of an irresistible desire, 
" 1 am very sorry that you should spoil my 
sofa. I have just paid f75 to have it re-cov- 
ered, and I cannot afford to have that done over 
again. The only thing I can see is for you to 
sit on that cut place when anybody is here, so 
as to cover it. I know you don't like com- 
pany very well, but I know your mother would 
be ashamed to have callers see that hole." 

The small boy knew his father too well to 

How to Keep Cool. 

As a matter of fact, says the Atlanta Consti- 
tution, common-sense persons need no advice on 
the subject. They are cool under all circum- 
stances and conditions, unless it is when they 
run to catch a street car that has been sent off 
by a timekeeper who has no watch. 

The way to keep cool is to keep good humor- 
ed. There is no doubt that good-humored men 
are sometimes warm, owing to the fact that 
they are jolly and fat, but no one ever heard 
them complaining about the weather to any 
extent, unless it is when they get caught out in 
a shower without an umbrella. 

The Washington Post, however, says that 
the way to keep cool is to eat sparingly of 
meat, but this is nonsense. The coolest and 
most agreeable person on earth is the meat- 
eater, and the most irritable and unhappy is 
the person whose digestion will not permit him 
to eat meat. 

Eat lean meat — tender steak and chicken — 
with your vegetables, and you will have no 
trouble with the heat. Pork should be avoid- 
ed, of course, but veal, mutton, and all the 
vegetables, pot liquor and dumplings, butter- 
milk and corn-bread, go to make up a dinner to 
be enjoyed. 

Above all things, let ice alone. It is a most 
deceptive affair. It is not only the nidus of 
microbes and bacteria, but it is unhealthy 
even when it is pure. It paralyzes the stomach, 
ruins the digestion and leads to Bright's disease. 

If you will drink, as yon ought to, drink 
water fresh from the spring. If you want it 
seasoned, give it a touch of lemon and sugar, 
but let ice alone ! Ice is much colder in the 
summer than it is in the winter, and is no more 
healthy at one season than at another. 

We are giving some famous advice here; but 
the best thing, after all, is to keep in good 
humor. The good-humored man may get too 
hot occasionally, but it doesn't worry him — 
and the man who isn't worried cares little for 
the heat. 

Keeping Warm. — It may not be generally 
known that, when exposed to severe cold, a 
feeling of warmth is readily created by repeat- 
edly filling the lungs to their utmost extent in 
the following manner: Throw the shonlders well 
back, and hold the head well up. Inflate the 
lungs slowly, the air entering entirely through 
the nose. When the lungs aie completely filled, 
hold the breath for ten seconds or longer, and 
then expire it quickly through the month. After 
repeating this exercise while one is chilly, a feel- 
ing of warmth will be felt over the entire body, 
and even in the feet and hands. It is important 
to practice this exercise many times each day, 
and especially when in the open air. If the 
habit ever becomes universal, then consumption 
and many other diseases will rarely, if ever, be 
heard of. Not only while practicing the breath- 
ing exercise must the clothing be loose over the 
chest, but beginners will do well to remember, 
in having their clothing fitted, to allow for the 
permanent expansion of one, two, and even 
three inches, which will eventually follow. 

Color of Eyes and Hair. — M. Topinard has 
been making a statistical inquiry into the color 
of the eyes and hair in France, and from his 
180,000 observations he deduces many interest- 
ing results, one of the most curious being that 
where the race is formed from a mixture of 
blondes and brunettes the hereditary blonde 
coloring comes out in the eyes and the brunette 
element reappears in the hair. To t|iis tend- 
ency probably is to be attributed the rarity of 
a combination of light hair with dark eyes. 
Several observers have asserted that the Ameri- 
can people, who are pre-eminently a mixed 
race, are beooming a dark-haired and blue-eyed 
nation, and if this be true, such a development 
must be owing to the working of the law formu- 
lated by M. Topinard. 

The Thoughts of the Dying. — At a meet- 
ing of the French Society of Biology, M. Fere 
affirmed thata dying person in his last moments 
tb'nks of the chief events of his life. Persons 
resnsoitated from drowning, epileptics with 
grave attacks, persons dying and already un- 

conscions, but momentarily brought back to 
consciousness by ether injections to utter their 
last thoughts, all acknowledge that their last 
thoughts revert to momentous events of their 
life. Such an ether injection revives once 
more the normal disposition of cerebral activ- 
ity, already nearly extinguished, and it might 
be possible at this moment to learn of certain 
important events of the past life. Brown- 
Sequard mentions the remarkable fact that per- 
sons who, in consequence of grave cerebral 
affections, have been paralyzed for years, get 
back at once when dying their sensibility, 
mobility and intelligence. All such facts 
clearly show that at the moment of dissolution 
important changes take place, reacting upon 
the composition of the blood and the functions 
of the organs, — Wien. Med. Zeitung. 

Lady Doctors in India. — In India lady 
doctors are now familiar to us, and although at 
first they may have been somewhat ridiculed 
by those who could not appreciate their value, 
they are fast making their presence felt for 
good in almost every corner of the land, says 
the Englishmen's Overland Mail. So far as the 
native women of this country are concerned, it 
is gratifying to note that their success in all 
branches of college education is progreesing to 
the entire satisfaction of their professors. Not 
only have they proved themselves to be gener- 
ally well fitted for the arduous duties attend- 
ant on medical studies, but they have in some 
cases succeeded beyond all ordinary expecta- 
tion. Bombay, Madras, the northwest prov- 
inces and the Punjaub all return flattering re- 
ports on the subject, and when we say that a 
class of female students can average over 700 
marks out of 1000 in a surgical examination, as 
we hear has recently been the case, little can 
be said against their power or skill or aptitude 
for gaining knowledge in one of the most im- 
portant branches of the medical profession. 
Indeed it appears not unlikely that women in 
India may prove themselves by no means in- 
ferior to men in most branches of the practice 
of medicine, if the progress made by native 
females in tiospital work may be taken as a 
criterion. In many cases they have proved 
themselves superior to male students in college 
examinations, and in noway behind them in ap- 
plication, power of reasoning and resource. 
The fact that much of their success is due to 
the great interest taken in their studies by 
their lecturers and professors is not without a 
certain special significance. 

X)0MESTie €[C0JM0MY, 

Tested Recipes. 

[Written for the Rural Press by Ada E. Taylor.] 

Charlotte Russe. 

One cup of milk, with two spoonfuls of gela- 
tine dissolved in it; one-half pint of thick 
cream whipped to a froth, the whites of two 
eggs beaten stiff. Sweeten to taste and flavor 
with vanilla. When it begins to thicken, pour 
into molds lined with sponge cake. 

Whitpot Pudding. 

One quart of milk, one-half cup of molasses, 
two eggs, four spoonfuls of Indian meal. Mix 
molasses with eggs, which have previously been 
beaten, then add meal and pour into the milk, 
which must be boiling. 'To be eaten with 
sweetened cream. 

Lemon Sauce. 

Boil one cup of granulated sugar with two 
cups of water; wet a tablespoonful of corn- 
starch in a little cold water, and add to the 
boiling water and sugar; boil ten minutes; add 
grated rind and juice of one lemon (or one 
tablespoonful of extract of lemon) and a piece 
of butter. 

Orange Jelly. 

The juice of six oranges and two lemons; one 
pound of white sugar; three-fourths of a box of 
gelatine soaked in a pint of water for half an 
hour. Add three-fourths of a pint of boiling 
water, stir thoroughly, and strain through a 
flannel into molds. 

Soda Cream. 

Five and one-half ounces tartaric acid and 
4^ pounds loaf sugar, dissolved in one gallon 
boiling water. While hot, clarify with the 
beaten whites of five eggs. When cool, add 
four ounces of essence of wintergreen, lemon, 
vanilla, or whatever will please the taste; then 
bottle. When inclined to use it as a beverage, 
fill a glass to the depth of about one inch, then 
add water until the glass is two-thirds full, 
and last, add one-fourth of a teaspoonfal of 
soda, stirring well. 

Breakfast Cake. 

One quart flour, three teaspoonfula baking 
powder, two tablespoonfnls of sugar, one pint 
milk, two tablespoonfuls melted butter, two 
eggs, a little salt. 


One oup each of sugar and sweet milk, three 
eggs, butter the sizj of a walnut, half a nutmeg 
grated, two teaspoons baking powder, one tea- 
spoon lemon extract, flsur enough to knead. 
Let rise one hour; roll thin; cut in small cakes 
and fry a light brown in boiling lard, 
CblU Sauce. 

Twenty-four large ripe tomatoes, chopped 
fine, six green peppers, four large onions, three 
tablespoons salt, eight tablespoons brown sugar, 
one tablespoon cinnamon, one-half tablespoon 
allspice, one tablespoon ground mustard, six 
teacups vinegar. Boil three hours. 


f ACIFie I^URAb f RESS. 

[July 20, 1889 


Published by DEWEY & CO. 

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Our latent forma go to press Wednesday everung. 


Saturday, July 20, 1889. 


EDITORIALS.— Two Scenes in Fruit-Drying, 41. 
The Week; Altitudes; Forestry and Irrigation; Japan- 
ese Clover, 48. A Midsummer Mosaic, 49. 

ILLUSTRATIONS — Gathering A^)ricote for Drying; 
Packing Dried Apricots, 41. A General View of Yo 
Semite Valley, 46. Souvenirs of a Summer Tourist, 

COBRBSPONDBNCB.— A Budget from Butte; A 
Successful Battle with Morning Giorv, 42- 

THE VETERINARIAN .—Navicular Lameness in 
Horses, 42. 

HORTICULTURE.- Bio Bonito Fruit Enterprise; 
Kiverside Oranges, 43. 

THE APIARY.— Foul Brood, 43. 

THK LUMBKRMAN.—Stumptown— Redwoods at 
Guerneville, 43. 

PATKONa OF HUSBANDRY.— Prepare for the 
State Grange, From Worthy Overseer Davis; National 
Grange Location; San Jose Grange; Travels of the 
Wortliy Lecturer, It. Irrigation, Etc., in Tulare, 46. 

THE HOME OIRCLB. — 'Ihe llills of the Lord; 
Something About Yo Semite Valley, 46. Chaff; The 
Cat Caught a Tartar, 47. 

YOUNG FOLKS' COLUMN.— Tangles; The Cut 
In tiie Sofa, 47. 

GOOD HEALTH.— How to Keep Cool; KeepingWarm; 
Color of Eyes and Hair; The Thoughts of the Dying; 
Lady Doctors in India, 47. 

DOMESTIC EOONOMY.— Tested Recipes, 47. 

tions; General Satisfaction; Snowballs; State Floral 
Society; Lawn Fences; Novel Mode of Propagation; A 
Uni(|ue Public Square; Calycantlius; Chrysanthemum 
Show; Feathered Fests; Appropriate Funeral Flowers, 
50- Come and Sec; Plants Not Blooming; Roots of 
California Plants; hose Hedges, 51. 

AGRICULTURAL NOl'BS.— From the various 
counties of California, 51. 

Business Announcements. 


Semi- Annual Statement— Grangers' Bank of California. 

Steel Picket Fence— Hartman M'f'g Co., Beaver Falls, Pa. 

Tanks— Wells, Russell & Co. 

Hopkins Academy, Oakland. 

Rooted Muscate— Clarence J. Wetmore. 

Fruit-Pitter— J. L. Mosher. 

Country Girl Wanted— W. H. S., Box 2517. 

Commission Merchanls— E. F. O'Callaghan & Bro. 

I. X. L. Cooipound— E. I. Hutchinson, Fresno. 

Foreman Wanted— C. H. S., Box 2517. 

Berkeley Gymnasium- Geo. Bates, Berkeley. 

tsrSee Advertising Columns. 

The Week. 

Although continued fogs have moistened veg- 
etation along some portions of our coast-line, 
and a hail and thunder storm Is reported to 
have left an inch of rain in Lake county, the 
week has been marked with an unusual number 
of grain, stubble and pasture fires in different 
parts of California, while tales of timber-burn- 
ing come to us from Oregon. And as the coun- 
try will be getting drier and drier for weeks 
and months to come, the cautions we have so 
often reiterated should be faithfully observed. 

While the people of our own rural districts 
have been busily pushing their grain-harvest 
toward completion, and gathering, preserving, 
or forwarding their fruit crops, the citizens of 
four sections of the great Northwest have been 
■engaged in efforts at Constitution framing, pre- 
paratory to their enrollment in the sisterhood 
of United States, and the notes from the sev- 
eral conventions are significant of political 
changes for the better and progress to be 
achieved sooner or later. 

The pack of apricots at the Napa cannery 
amonnts to 72,000 cans. 


Astronomers have long been aware that the 
perturbations in the lower strata of the earth's 
atmosphere greatly hindered their getting clear 
views of the heavenly bodies. Consequently 
they have begun to favor the building of ob- 
servatories at high elevations. The Lick Ob- 
servatory has been built at great expense upon 
a monntain 4000 feet above the level of the sea 
Here has been mounted the largest object glass 
in the world, and grouped around it a corps of 
able and experienced astronomers. The scientific 
world eagerly waits the revelations they are al- 
most sure to make known. Here they are at. 
work day and night in a clear, almost cloudless 
sky, while fog, clouds and smoke may envelop 
the valley. Only the other day a comet was 
discovered there so pale, tenuous and evanes- 
cent that it has not yet been seen by the 
astronomers in the more vaporous sky of the 

Then the mountains of our country and Eu- 
rope are every summer populous with the seek- 
ers after pure air and water and rare scenery. 
Tourists will visit Mt. Shasta or Mt. Washing 
ton to feast their eyes upon the extended,- 
varied and wonderful landscapes spread before 
them from these altitudes. They will, in 
Europe, leave their beds at 3 o'clock in the 
morning to climb Mt. Rigi, in order to see the 
sun pour its radiance over the mighty waves of 
the Alps, illuminating a vast extent of 
country. Hotels and resting-places are built 
on these great elevations, and the time and 
money epent on these trips are never re- 

Even our geographers begin to feel the need 
of going into the air. Instead of being con- 
tent to triangulate the surface of the earth, 
they are getting into balloons and giving us 
maps and photographic views taken near the 
edge of cloudland. 

Now our theosophioal friends have a wonder- 
fal knack of seeing a spiritual meaning in ma- 
terial things. A snake with its tail in its mouth 
is a picture of eternity, and gophers and jack- 
rabbits are permitted to go soot free as repre- 
sentatives of the infinite life. But passing this 
all by, there is a moral lesson to be learned in 
high elevations. We have only wide views of 
history, society and the course of human events 
as we stand on great altitudes. In no other 
way can our horizon be enlarged. 

In no other way can we see the comparative 
magnitudes and true relations of things. This 
is as true morally and intellectually as in the 
physical world. We are prone to look .iround 
us and into the spiritual heavens through a 
murky and unquiet atmosphere. The mists of 
ignorance envelop us and the miasms of doubt 
and prejudice are thick around us. The swift 
currents of passion, the various and fluctuating 
winds of time and place, sect and party so 
greatly perturb the air that we get a mere 
glimpse of the spiritual universe. Our astron 
omy is a peep over the chimney-tops and our 
geography the width of a railroad track. The 
fact is, we see this mighty drama of Divine 
Thought passing through time, with stars and 
planets for stage-lights, according to the color 
of the glasses which we wear. Surely there 
must be some hilltop or monntain range not far 
away where we can rise above the arid and 
commonplace, some lofty peak where we may 
find a clear vision and a surcease from doubt 
and despair. 

The artist finds a temporary and blissful 
oblivion in his ideals; the philosopher finds a 
sort of nepenthe in his theories, and the littera- 
teur finds an escape from the frets and worries 
of the present on the forest bights, where gen- 
ius has lived and toiled. The lover of music is 
often so borne along on the tides of song and 
harmony as to forget to eat. The Christian 
mounts on the wings of faith into such a clear air 
that he can read his " title clear to mansions in 
the skies," Indeed there are hundreds of roads 
to the mountains. Elevations are accessible 
to all of us; we may carry little observatories 
in our hearts, and while busy with our daily 
drudgeries, take an occasional peep at the stars. 
We may daily and hourly live on the mountain- 
tops of some great hope, love, faith, useful oc- 
cupation, charitable deeds and grand theory of 
the universe. 

But, after all, let us remember that while 
Jesus was transfigured on the Mount, it was in 
the wilderness He met and vanquished the 

Forestry and Irrigation. 

B. E. Fernow, Chief of Forestry Division, 
U. S. Department of Agriculture, was a wel- 
come visitor at the Rural ofBce one day last 
week. He had arrived at Portland, Oregon, 
on the 2d instant, his mission to this coast be- 
ing twofold — first, to gain a general idea of our 
forests and the possibility of their natural par- 
petuation; second, to prepare a report to the 
Senate Committee on the relation of the Paoitic 
Coast forests to the great irrigation problems 
which the National Government is investigat- 

After visiting S3attle and Tacoma, Mr. Fer- 
now went into the big timber of Mt. Tacoma. 
The magnificence of these forests he declares 
surpasses anything be has ever seen. "For 
twenty miles," he says, " I traveled among red 
fir and hemlock trees that averaged in hight 
from 150 to 200 feet, and from 8 to 9 feet in di- 
ameter. Many of them would cut over 100,000 
feet of lumber. A gentleman with whom I was 
talking told me that the trees on an entire sec- 
tion, which he had felled, averaged 60,000 feet." 

From Mt. Tacoma he went directly to Mt. 
Shasta, where he spent a few hours in the ex- 
amination of the characteristic Sierra timber. 
From this interesting district a jump was made 
to the famous redwood forests at Cazadero, In 
regard to these, Mr. Fernow remarks: "The 
forest is wonderful, wonderful, but from hasty 
observation it is my opinion that our grand- 
children will have no such magnificent timber 
to cut. Fires have to a great extent worked 
the ruin of California forests. The constant 
burning over has not only destroyed the young 
seedlings, which should be springing up, but 
the vegetable mold, in which the seed finds it 
congenial to sprout, has been consumed. After 
nearly a day's hunt in the redwoods, but two 
or three little seedlings were discovered grow- 
ing in the soil, while about twice that number 
were found flourishing in an old stump where a 
little vegetable mold had accumulated." 

While Mr. Fernow considers the reprodnct- 
iveness of the redwood by sprouting quite re- 
markable, he seems to think that these sprouts 
will never attain great size nor be of much 

The only two trees which, in his opinion, 
are satisfactorily reproducing themselves, are 
the Douglass spruce, and on the drier slopes, 
the Bull pine. 

In his report to the Senate Committee, Mr. 
Fernow earnestly advocates the preservation of 
the forest covers of the slopes of the Sierras, 
and he thinks California should be aroused be- 
fore her splendid forests are totally destroyed 
by fire and the woodman's az. 

In regard to the great reservoir and irriga- 
tion problem, he thinks the Government is in 
earnest, and will make all necessary investiga- 
tion and surveys, after which private enter- 
prise will complete the work of building the 
reservoirs and distributing the water. 

Daring his call upon us, Mr. Fernow ex - 
pressed much gratification at the admission of 
the head of the Agricultural Department to a 
seat in the Cabinet, and hopes that the Divis- 
iron of Forestry may soon be placed on the 
substantial footing which its importance de- 
serves. He left this city on the 10th for the 
Yosemite, after investigating which he pur- 
posed paying flying visits to Arizona, the plat- 
eaus of Southern Colorado, and the Kansas 
timber belt, and then returning speedily to 
Washington, where pressing oflBcial duties re- 
quire his presence. 

Up to the present time Congress has appro- 
priated $46.5,000 for the San Joaquin river and 
Stockton and Mormon sloughs, of which §342,- 
632 has been spent. There is yet unexpended 
$112,367, of which $100,000 cannot be used un- 
til under the Act of Congress the Secretary of 
War has satisfied himself that hydraulic mining 
has ceased. 

Hon. J. V. Wkbster of Creston, while in 
our office a few days ago, remarked that the 
grain crops in this vicinity are better this year 
than ever before. He also expressed full satis- 
faction with the results of his experimental 
alfalfa growing. 

A Mongolian Johnstown. — A cloud-burst 
in Northeastern Kwangtung, June 2d, swept 
away seven villages, covered the level country 
to the depth of 36 feet, drowned 6000 people 
and rendered 10,000 homeless. 

Two Scenes in Fruit-Drying. 

(Conliiiued from, page -i! ) 
faoture can be profitably extended. The 
orchard scene during the sacking of the 
product suggests another important mat- 
ter. The artist has caught the operatives in 
variety, and thus shows that in many cases 
the saving of the fruit enlists the labor of the 
whole family from grandmother to grandchild. 
No doubt a great part of our product will 
always be the result of family labor as it now 
is. Thus the advantage of small farms and 
large families is seen as affording a eolntioo of 
the vexed labor question. The same condition 
will bring population to our State, thousands 
of prosperous homes to our vast valleys and 
productive hillsides, and will enable many 
thousands to enjoy participation in the 
blessings of life in California who could never 
thrive here under the old system of large farms 
and small use of labor. 

Japanese Clover. 

A reader of the Rural manifests an interest 
in Japanese clover (Lespedezer striata) and 
wishes to know what it is and what has been 
done with it. We presume the inquirer has 
heard of the success and value of the plant in 
the Gulf States, for we believe that in Mis- 
sissippi, Louisiana and Texas it has been found 
of great value. It is grown also in other 
Southern States. It is a low, creeping plant, 
rather^iven to a stemmy growth, and is much 
inferior in habit to other plants called clovers. 
Its style can be seen by reference to the files of 
the Rural, for we gave a picture of the plan 
about ten years ago. We have also given from 
time to time accounts of the growth of the 
plant in the South, with an idea of having our 
readers experiment with it in this State. This 
they have already done, and those who have 
succeeded in getting a stand from the seed (and 
many have failed) have found it disappear from 
sight during the dry season and fail to reappear 
either from root or seed. So far sm can be 
learned from past experience, the plant is not 
suited for California conditions, although it is 
quite possible that in some localities it may 
succeed. If any of our readers have found it 
valuable, we should like to hear from them. As 
the matter now stands, the presumption is 
against the success of Japanese clover in this 
State, and though we favor further testing of 
it, we would not advise anything but small 
plats until the grower gets results which would 
justify him in larger sowing. 

Fkuit-Sellers at Law^, — Dispatches from 
Chicago state that on Monday last the Earl 
Fruit Co. brought suit in the U. S. Circuit 
Court in that city to enjoin the Adams & Lewis 
Auction Co. from preventing plaintiffs' agent, 
Martin Fry, attending auction sales conducted 
by defendant. On July 6th Fry attempted to 
represent his company at an auction, where- 
npon he was forcibly ejected. Edwin T. Earl, 
president of the company, whose head office 
is in Sacramento, on being shown the 
dispatches, said: "The Earl Frnit Co, has 
brought suit against the Adams & Lewis 
Auction Co. to compel them to conduct • 
public auction, open for all who wish to buy 
California fruits, instead of conducting a private 
auction, allowing only certain buyers to attend 
the sale, thns limiting the consumption of Cali- 
fornia fruits. This action is merely an outcome 
of the trouble which has been existing between 
our company and the auctioneers for some time." 

The proposition to forbid the sale of the 
State school lands, introduced in the Montana 
Constitutional Convention, contemplated the 
giving of ninety-nine-year leases, under which 
the occupants could transfer their improve- 
ments, but the title of the land would remain 
in the State. 

Homing Pigeons. — The American Homing 
Pigeon Club of Buffalo liberated six birds in 
Detroit at 10:23, 75th meridian time, on the 
morning of the 12th. The first two birds 
reached Buffalo at 2:40 p. m., and the third at 
3:55 P. M, The distance flown was 225 miles. 

A CAB of canned frnit, donated by the citi- 
zens of Los Angeles for the benefit of the 
Johnstown sufferers, was sold at auction in 
i'hiladelphia and realized 11212. 

The question of the hoar at Nipomo is: Shall 
we have a condensed-milk factory. 

July 20, 1889.] 


A Midsummer Mosaic. 

Aasembled on this page, where the eye may 
Boan them with one Bweeping glance, are half a 
aoore of striking views, which the sommer 
tourist in California must journey hundreds 
upon hundreds of miles to look upon in their 
natural beauty and sublimity. 

The circling shores and sail-dotted reaches of 
the Biy of Monterey, and beautiful grounds of 
the famed hotel adjacent; the surf-beaten Seal 

growth, need to escape, every now and then, 
for a season of leisure, relaxation and recreation. 

And let us remember that true recreation is 
re-creation, which " makes all things new " and 
brings back the rested toiler with renewed 
vigor, sense and courage for the sober work 
of life. 

A Hint to Froit Driers. — Mr. J. R. Gid- 
dings, who is drying eight or ten tons of apri- 
cots this summer, tells the Pasadena Union that 

Trespassers on Fruit Plantations. — Fruit- 
growers have sufifered untold losses and vexa- 
tions through the license which tourists, camp 
ers, tramps, and bad boys take with their 
property, and any measures taken for protec- 
tion seem to be frowned upon by the public. 
The day of spring guns has paesed, and the man 
who guards bis property with shotguns is 
looked upon as a murderous foe of society. If 
he calls upon the law officers for protection, 
and has a trespasser arrested, the community 

Proncs Simoni. — This interesting Aaiatio 
spccii'.s promises to be of great importance and 
value in this Stite. I. H. Thomas of Visalia, 
the well-known fruit-grower and nurseryman, 
brought us recently a few samples grown by 
him which apparently justify all that has been 
claimed for the fruit by the few who have ex- 
pressed themselves concerning it. It is an ex- 
ceedingly handsome plum of a peculiar oblate 
form, deep purple when ripe, and of large size, 
as grown in this State — much larger than the 

Rocks at the Cliff House; the leaping cascades 
in Yosemite; the stirring stage-drive along the 
edge of the perilous precipice; the weird pict 
nresqueness of the Geysers; the placid loveli- 
ness of the mountain lake — what varied scenes 
do they present to quicken, entertain and re- 
fresh the vacation-taker ! 

And then the reader, stretched at ease amid 
the grass and blooming flowers, soggests the 
loosening of the tense bonds of care and con- 
finement to business — whatever our business 
be — from which all of us, whether we be school- 
boys and schoolgirls or children of a larger 

he finds it best to take up the fruit from the 
drying-trays at midday, when the sun is hot- 
test, as the fruit is then free from larvse of in- 
sects. The suggestion is worth noting. 

Sericultcre Unsubsidized. — Owing to the 
withdrawal of State aid, the Board of Silk 
Culture has closed the filature, stored the ma- 
chines and given up the rooms in the Flood 

The wool-men of Humboldt county have de- 
cided to form an association. They will select 
officers on August 5th. 

looks upon him as a skinflint, and thy offense 
has been so ill-defined that process under the 
old laws seemed like taking a sledge-hammer 
to kill a fly, and a magistrate was slow to apply 
it. The evil has, however, become so pronounced 
that our last Legislature enacted a special law 
regarding it, and the first case of which we have 
heard under the new statute will soon be tried 
in Fresno, where a melon-grower has had a band 
of boys arrested for entering bis melon-field and 
destroying the vines and fruit. All growers 
will be interested to know bow the new law 
works in the hands of the jnstioe of the peace. 

engravings of the fruit grown elsewhere repre 
sent it. It has a characteristic, somewhat vin- 
ous flavor. The two chief points of the fruit, 
however, as it now appears, are its earliness, 
ripening as it does ahead of the low-quality 
Royal Hative, and its durability in shipment, 
for when picked quite hard it ripens slowly and 
develops its deep color well. The samples Mr. 
Thomas showed us had been picked 11 days and 
were sound as a nut. It certainly looks as 
though the Prunus Simoni was destined to take 
high place as an early shipping and market 
plum. Mr. Thomas is propagating it largely, 


f ACIFie F^URAlo f> RESS. 

[Jdly 20, 1889 


Double Carnations. 

A wild pink nestled in a garden bed, 

A rich carnation flourished high above her; 

One day he chanced to see her pretty head, 
And leaned, and looked again, and grew to love 

The moss (her humble mother) saw with fear 
The ardent glances ol the princely stranger. 

With many an anxious thought and dewy tear. 
She sought to hide her darling from this danger. 

The gardener guardian of this noble bud, 
A cruel trellis interposed between them. 

No common pink should mate with royal blood. 
He said, and sought in every way to wean them. 

The poor pink pined and faded day by day; 

Her restless lover from his prison bower 
Called in a priestly bee who passed that way. 

And sent a message to the sorrowing flower. 

The fainting pink wept, as the bee drew near. 

Droning his prayers, and begged him to confess 

Her tired mother, overtaxed by fear. 
Slept while the priest leaned low to shrive and 
bless her. 

But lo ! ere long the tale went creeping out. 
The rich carnation and the pink were married ! 

The cunning bee had brought the thing about 
While mamma moss in slumber's arms had tarried. 

And proud descendants of that loving pair. 
The offspring of that true and ardent passion, 

Are famous for their beauty everywhere, 
And leaders in the floral world of fashion. 

—Ella Wheeler Wilcox. 

General Satisfaction. 

Many expreseiona, both verbal and by letter, 
have been received, commending the combina- 
tion of the Florist and Oardener with the Rnral 
Press. This is, of course, very gratifying to 
the publishers, who are making every effort to 
make the Florist and Oardener readers feel 

The difference in price is a consideration to 
some of those who are renewing their subscrip- 
tions, but it must be borne in mind that now, 
instead of a small monthly, they have a large 
illnatrated weekly. 

There may be departments in the Rural 
Press that are not particularly interesting to 
horticultural readers, but most of the depart- 
ments are of very general interest. In the long 
run, several times as much horticaltaral matter 
is secured, besides the many handsome illustra- 
tions, home reading, State news, etc. The 
Rural's regular subscribers are pleased, of 
course; who would not be with the acqaisition 
of 80 many floral people ? We all love flowers, 
fruits and vegetables, and have our common 
friends to foster and common enemies to fight. 
Let us take a new start, with the resolution 
that the supremacy of the horticnltnral banner 
of the Pacific Coast shall be nphpld. 


The mention of this old garden favorite 
carries one back to the time when fine shrubs 
were not so plenty as they are to day, when 
the snowball, althea, lilac, calyoanthns, 100- 
leafed rose, etc., constituted the chief attrac- 
tions of our gardens. 

The blooming of the snowball ( Virbunum 
plicattim) was always looked forward to as one 
of the interesting events of the year, and the 
size and whiteness of the flower heads were 
subjects for considerable comment and the 
source of much pleasure. 

The snowball deserves more attention than it 
receives at the present time, as it has not only 
associations, but a peculiar beauty not shared 
by any other shrub. It is easily grown and is 
highly prized by the children, and they should 
never be forgotten when planting our grounds. 

In the last few years a very handsome dwarf 
snowball has been introduced. It forms a 
handsome specimen, or is graceful planted as a 
I or screen. 

The Virbunum$ are all easily propagated 
by layering or cuttings if given moisture and 
shade. The bushes will grow in almost any 
location with but little cultivation after becom- 
ing established. Their graceful habit of growth 
and freedom from insects are desirable points 
not to be overlooked in selecting lawu shrub 

Mistletoe, — The English mistletoe, Viteum 
album, has for many years been imported to 
America at Christmas-tide, and cases of it are 
even brought so far as San Francisco, over 6000 
miles, by our enterprising florists. The whole 

thing is a farce. Before the cases reach New 
York, many of the berries drop off, and before 
they are delivered in California the mistletoe is 
little better than trash. At best it is strange 
that our people attempt to keep up enthusiasm 
over the mistletoe, which is not even pretty and 
has nothing in common with us, the plants not 
even thriving in our climate. The American 
mistletoe, Pharadendron flavescens, which is 
common throughout the Southern States and in 
parts of California, is anything but attractive, 
growing as it does in great clumsy and often 
dirty bunches. 

State Floral Society. 

The eleventh monthly meeting of the State 
Floral Society was held at 220 Sutter street, 
July 15th. Owing to the absence from the city 
of most of the members, including the presi- 
dent, there were but 20 present. A. L, Ban- 
croft presided. The committee on the award- 
ing of medals, etc., reported that the engraving 
was nearly completed. 

The committee on the " Rainbow " rose asked 
to be continued to the next regular meeting. 
The stated subject, " What flowers and shrubs 
can be grown around the San Francisco bay 
without irrigation," was taken up and discussed 
at length, there being many valuable points 
brought out, especially in reference to the value 
of our native flowers in the garden. The sub- 
ject will be again brought up at some futare 

A preliminary committee of three was ap- 
pointed to prepare and submit to the August 
meeting a plan for the fall show, which it 
was decided to hold some time from the first to 
the middle of October. From all indications, 
this show, which will consist chiefly of chrysan- 
themums, will far surpass the spring exhibition. 
J. H. Sievers read some interesting notes on 
the Antkuriu7n family and exhibited some fine 
specimens of A. Scberzeriannm and A. Andre- 

The other exhibitions were : Mrs. T. L. 
Walker, Coreopsis; Mrs. Townsend, Otter rose 
Dahlias, black Hollyhccks; Mrs. G. P. Bixford, 
Golden Rod, Gladiolus and Liliee; F. A. Miller, 
Summer Clematis (seven varieties), Perennial 
Sunflower, striped single Dahlias, Fuchsias, 
Storm King, Phenomenal; Carl Halt, Majestic 
and Toga. The following were admitted to 
membership : Marcus M. Henry and Mrs. 
Caroline D. Marivedel. 

Lawn Fences. 

The beauty of a finely kept lawn or architect- 
urally tasteful house is frequently destroyed by 
an unsightly fence or a clumsy hedge. Protec- 
tion of some sort is often necessary, but great 
care should be taken that there is no painful 
discord between the fence and what it sur- 
rounds. In nearly all cases it should be made 
as inconspicuous as possible. Many seem to 
want to make their fences, which are at best 
relics of barbarism, as prominent features of the 
landscape as the greenery. As to the Old- 
World high, square-clipped hedges and arches. 
Nature herself has at last revolted at this hid- 
eousness, and they are dying out from some 
cause which it is hoped may never be discov- 

Generally, unless one's neighbors are partic- 
ularly undesirable people, no fence at all should 
be used. An extremely low and light one sim- 
ply to suggest privacy is allowable. But this 
may usually be done more tastefully and effect- 
ively by intelligent grouping of shrubbery 
along the outer part of the lawn. Where 
houses set np close to the sidewalk, a low 
curbing, or perhaps a row of flowering or foli- 
age plants or vines, prettily serve the pur- 

Our English cousins still oling to the notion 
that a man should build as high a fence as he 
can afford around bis property. The American 
idea should be not only to get all the enjoy- 
ment possible out of our grounds for ourselves, 
but at the same time delight in the enjoyment 
which they give to others. 

A Unique Public Square. 

Complaints are frequently beard of the tire- 
some uniformity of public equares on this coast. 
City Engineer Morgan of Oakland has recently 
completed the laying out of Harrison Square 
in that city, and has furnished the accompany- 
ing drawing, which embodies some good ideas. 
Oakland, beautiful as it is, has suffered much 
from ruthless destruction of the grand old 
trees which gave it a name. Mr. Morgan set 
himself the task of preserving every white or 
live oak in the block, at the same time keeping 
them off the grass plats and carrying out the 


great American idea of so planning the walks 
that the square can be crossed diagonally in a 
straight line. Those trees on the outside lines 
will be surrounded by seats, which not only 
give a pleasant air of comfort, but will often be 
used by persons wishing to rest a moment. 

The walks will be of concrete, and the wide 
space in the center is intended as a place for the 
congregating of people around a rustic music- 
stand to be swung on the low horizontal 
branches of two fine old live-oaks. The grace 
of the curves about the nine irregular grass 
plats is worthy of notice. The character of 
shrubbery suitable to a live-oak square like this 
should be carefully considered; indeed it is 
doubtful if anything can be thought of which 
will add to its unique beauty. 

Novel Mode of Propagation. — Mr. Frank 
Miller of San Diego county has by experiment 
discovered that many refractory cuttings can 
be rooted by inserting them in offshoots of the 
Turks-head cactus. On the same principle out- 
tings are sometimes rooted by inserting them 
in pieces of potato, which are stuck in the 

Calycanthus — C Floridu» is the species of 
this shrub found growing wild in the Southern 
States. It is commonly known in cultivation 
as sweet shrub, and many inquiries have been 
made as to why it is hardly ever seen on this 
coast where it is qnite hardy. The bushes 
grow to a bight of from four to twelve feet, are 
deciduous and quite ornamental. The flowers, 
for which the bush is mostly cultivated, are 
of a dull brownish red color, about an inch in 
length, compact and cone-shaped. They exhale 
a delightful fruity odor, which is increased by 
time and gentle pressure. There is hardly an 
Eistern reader who will not remember having, 
in the days of " Auld Lang Syne," tied them in 
the corner of a handkerchief and carried them 
about all day, treating himself and friends to 
an occasional whiff of the luscious fragrance. 
Whoever does anything toward popularizing 
the Calycanthus on this coast will be a public 

Chrysanthem0M Show.— The fall exhibi- 
tion to be held by the State Floral Society 
from the first to the middle of October will be 
a fine affair. While the chief attraction will 
be the "Autumn Qaeen," the chrysanthemum, 
there will also be displayed all the flowers and 
plants available at the season. There is yet 
three months in which to prepare for the show, 
and it is hoped that exhibitors will not hold off 
to the last minute to get their stock in shape 
and secure space. The success of the spring 
show has been such a stimulus that the ques- 
tion now is not how to fill the space, but how 
to proportion it so that all will have sufSoient 
room. . 

Feathereu Pests. — Pacific Coast people have 
been repeatedly warned against the English 
sparrows, and too vigorous measures cannot be 
taken to exterminate them. An Oakland gen- 
tleman relates that the birds have completely 
destroyed a splendid shield of ivy that was 
growing upon the side of his house. The birds 
roosted and built their nests in the vine until 
it was nearly dead, and he found it next to im- 

possible to dislodge them. A similar complaint 
has been made from a Santa Clara county cor- 
respondent. This is a really threatening dan- 
ger, and though sentiment may be in favor of 
saving the birds, it will be much better to de- 
stroy the intruders upon their first appearance, 
for the marvelous rapidity with which they 
multiply will soon make their total destruction 

Appropriate Funeral Flowers. 

Flowers, though voiceless, are endowed with 
great expressiveness, which appeals, when they 
are arranged as to grace and color, to the innate 
senses of man. 

At the hour of death, when our loved ones 
are about to be forever laid to rest, flowers 
seem particularly appropriate, and seem more 
nearly a tribute of love than anything which 
we can offer. 

But however appropriate flowers may be, the 
color and arrangement should always receive 
due consideration. 

When decorating the interior of the coffin, 
but few flowers are admissible, and those 
should most generally be white or pale shades 
of pink, cream or lavender. A delicate spray 
of white paesion flower around the head, a few 
violets, sprays of lily of the valley or pure 
white rosebuds, in the folded hands or 
placed upon the breast, appear natural, chaste, 
and in keeping with the solemnity of the occa- 
sion; but mixed, bright or positive colors, in- 
stead of appealing to the more delicate feel- 
ings, seem in a sense harsh. When decorating 
a room wherein rests the dead, palms and ferns 
are the most admissible as plants. The cut 
flowers used should be of light colors and 
stately in form, when possible, such as lilies, 
gladiolas, roses, eto. These should be loosely 
arranged in vases, etc., never in stiff bouquets, 
baskets or banks, and never should festooning, 
in evergreen or flower, be indulged in. 

The privilege of sending floral designs, upon 
the demise of a friend, has been much abused, 
and it is a question with many whether to al- 
low them or not. 

The lid of the coffin is not the proper recep- 
tacle for these designs; nothing shoald be placed 
there, unless it be a simple wreath or a loose 
bunch of flowers, with which broad ribbons are 
sometimes admissible. Nothing could be in 
worse taste than to crowd on a lot of pillows, 
stars, crosses, etc. Designs are best placed on 
a previously arranged plain white-covered 
table. Many of the designs sent to funerals 
are anything but pretty, and are an outrage 
upon the feelings of sensitive people. This is 
owing partly to the bad taste and inferior 
workmanship of unskilled florists and partly 
from the inordinate desire of people to have 
something odd or different from what others 
have, or expressing such indefinite ideas that no 
workman could carry them out. 

For persons of different ages the selection of 
shades and colors is very important. As for 
illustration, for very old people pure white, 
shades of lavender, and occasionally green and 
red, are appropriate. For the middle- aged 
richer colors can be used, such as red, yellow, 
pink and white; but extreme taste must be ex- 
ercised if intermediate colors or mixed flowers 
are used. For small children only pure white 
and delicate shades of pink and buff seem ap- 

One predominating color should be used in 
a design whenever possible, and the flowers 
even in the foundation-work should never be so 
crowded as to destroy their graceful individual 
outline. A simple wreath of tiny myrtle twigs, 
with perhaps a cluster of Niphetos roses, i^ 
more chaste and beautiful than a great clnmsy 
affair of miscellaneous colors. The poet's con- 
ception is correct : " In the arranging of flow- 
ers simplicity is art." 

It is with great satisfaction that true floral 
artists note the decrease in the barbarous habit 
of making fliiral engines, ships, horses, houses, 
etc. There is nothing beautiful or graceful 
about them, and they are harrowing rather 
than soothing to the hearts of the bereaved. It 
is regretted that some still have the false 
idea that the larger and more grotesque, the 
greater will be the appreciation. Artistic con- 
ception, workmanship, and choice flowers 
shonld represent the cost, and not size or show- 
iness. Originality shonld be encouraged, but 
never the grotesque or clumsy, and the nearer 
we get to Mother Nature's grace and simplicity 

July 20, 1889.] 



the greater will be the appreciation. Odor is 
also a consideration. Taberoses, jistnin, etc., 
should not be too freely used, as the escaping 
odors in a close room are frequently overpow- 
ering to sensitive persons, and are sometimes 
the cause of fainting spells. 

The greenery used in the arranging of funeral 
flowers often makes the difference between 
beauty and unsightliness; arborvit8e sprigs or 
maple leaves will destroy the effect of the fin- 
est flowers; roses, lilies, carnations, look decid- 
edly best worked with their own foliage, with, 
perhaps.a little assistance from smilax, ferns, etc. 
For mixed flowers, smilax and ferns are per- 
haps the best; orchids are very difficult to 
suit with green, and some of them refuse to 
harmonize and have to be used independent, 
but generally, delicate fronds of maiden-hair 
and sprays of asparagus Tenuissemus can be 
used to good advantage. 

Come and See. 

Our friends of the American Garden, with 
nnaccnstomed inaccuracy, make the following 
assertions regarding California gardens: 

Although wanting in the freshness and delicacy 
that characterize our springs and summers in the 
northeastern part of the country, they have many 
advantageous points. * * » * His garden is a 
glory of flowers and vegetation when the rains come, 
but during the dry portion of the season it must de- 
pend for attractions on the cactus, yuccas and other 
succulent leaved plants or shrubs and trees of tough 
character, whose beauty or interesting features are 
mainly in their form. 

While our gardens, like all others, have only 
the crisp freshness of spring once a year, our 
vernal season is four or five months in dura- 
tion. The assertion that in summer we rely 
entirely upon cactus, etc., would be correct but 
for the fact of our abundant artificial provision 
for water, whenever wanted. So universal is 
the use of this supply that most of our gardens 
are never touched by the drouth which so often 
withers those which rely mainly upon uncertain 
Eastern midsummer rains. 

Plants Not Blooming. 

Mies Fannie H. Hawks of Sierra Madre, Loa 
Angeles county, complained of the following 
plants not blooming. It would be a good thing 
if some of our floral friends would throw light 
upon the subject. 

Editor Florist and Gardener:— Can you tell 
me why my Bouvardias bloom so sparingly when the 
appearance of my bushes is robust and healthy, 
and their growth something surprising ? I have been 
obliged to cut them back repeatedly to keep them 
within bounds. Can thisaccount for their blooming 
so little? I grow them with my camellias under a 
lath protection, and although I have i8 fine large 
bushes of the latter, varying from one to three feet 
in hight in fine condition apparently, yet no bloom. 

Roots or California Plants. — At the last 
Floral Society meeting the statement was made 
that a nnmber of our native plants have roots 
of a peculiar nature. When growing they are 
tough and plump, but when dried they become 
shriveled and exceedingly brittle and easily 
pulverized. This latter state, however, is not a 
sign of the extinction of life, but is only a dor- 
mint state, the roots starting into growth and 
becoming again plump and tough at tue first 
favorable opportunity. 

Rose Hedges. — In Southwestern Louisiana 

Cherokee rose hedges guaranteed to turn stock 

in three years may be contracted for at the rate 

of $16 a mile. 

• ■ 

A New American Palm, — Mr. R. D. Hoyt 

of Bay View, Fla., has discovered fine speci 

mens of Thrinax Exeelsa, on one of the Keys east 

of Key West. 

A Simple Fruit-Pitter. — Mr. James L. 
Iklogher, of the State Board of Horticulture, has 
devised a tool for pitting stone fruits, which is 
at once simple and effective. A slip of steel, 
about four by tivo inches, bent at right angles 
near one end and with two-thirds of a circle 
cut out of the side near the other end, and the 
concave edge sharpened — that is all. But when 
the flange is screwed to a table, with the con- 
cave knife-edge toward the operator, the clean 
and rapid way in which the fruit is completely 
divided and pitted by one intvard push and 
turn of the hand is marvelous. Mr. Mosher 
has applied for a patent, and meanwhile adver- 
tises on another page. 

Grapes from Texas. — Mr. James M. Thomp- 
son has been treating the Napa Register to a 
lot of ripe grapes from Frio, Texas, where pick- 
ing was commenced June 20th. The varieties 
were the Lindley, Perkins, Ponghkeepsie and 
Moore's Early. The first named are said to re- 
semble Flame Tokay in appearance, but taste 
like the Isabella. The others are of a pleasant 
flavor and rate among ohoice table grapes. 

J0[gricultural X^otes. 


Irrigation District Organized. — Colusa, 
July 11: The Central Irrigation District was 
organized under the Wright law to-day, and 
sold bonds at Maxwell to the amount of $125,- 
000 at prices ranging from 90 to 93. Work is 
to be immediately begun on a canal which will 
irrigate 160,000 acres. 

Contra Costa. 

Farm Figures. — Martinez Hem, July 15 : 
The following statistics in regard to the agri- 
cultural interestB of this county have been com- 
piled by the assessor : Number of acres sown 
for crop of 1889— wheat, 77,015; oats, — ; bar- 
ley, 42,270; corn, 1900; hay, 37,000; number of 
fruit trees, 228,750; (acres of grapevines, 3800, 
of which 350 acres are table grapes and the re- 
mainder wine grapes; number of grapevines, 

EI Dorado. 

A Foothill Fruit Farm. — Placerville Re- 
publican, July 11 : T. O. Hardie's place, near 
Placerville, is a charming spot, showing indus- 
try and good management on the part of the 
owner, and capabilities which many do not be- 
lieve exist in our mountain soil. The place is 
mainly set in table grapes, which are noted as 
the finest in color and flavor that have been 
produced in the State. Excellent raisins are 
also a notable product of the place. The owner 
has within the last two or three years put out 
a considerable number of fruit trees, peaches, 
prunes and pears being the chief varieties. 
These are all thriving and promise a large yield 
in the near future. 

Effect of Thorough Cultivation. — The re- 
markable feature of this fruit faim, however, 
is the fact that all the grapes and fruits are 
raised without a particle of irrigation, as the 
land is on the summit of a high bill above the 
water supply from the irrigating ditches. The 
land is thoroughly cultivated, and at the pres- 
ent time, in the middle of the dry season, for 
about four inches in depth, is loose, dry and 
dusty like anasb-heap. Below this surface dirt 
the soil is moist enough to mold into shape 
with the fingers and remain so all the time. 
Outside of the line of cultivation the soil ap- 
pears as dry as any, and a cellar under the 
house is perfectly dry in summer and winter, 
though it is not cemented and any unusual 
amount of water in the soil would penetrate it. 
The same moisture arising from thorough cul- 
tivation has been noted in other parts of the 
county, and it seems to be proved that in any 
ordinarily deep soil, eepecially where the under- 
lying rock will contain a large amount of moist 
nre, thorough cultivation will keep the soil 
moist at a depth of a few inches throughout the 
dry season, and thus insure the growth of trees 
and vines without irrigation on such soils. 
Even garden vegetables have been raised in 
this way, but their growth requires a better 
soil and more moisture. 


Grain and Fruit. — Eureka Standard, July 
11-: Geo. W. Meek of Elk River tells us that 
while the wheat crop in that section is splen- 
did, oats growing in adjoining fields are badly 

affected by ruet. He can't account for it 

First Humboldt-grown peaches of the season 
received at this office came with the compli 
ments of J. W. Davidson, who«e orchard is on 
Eel river, a mile and a half from the ocean 
beach. They are fine ones — much finer in size, 
complexion and flavor than we had looked for 
to grow that near to old ocean. 


Storing Water. — Independent, July 13 : 
Messrs. Crocker, McMurry, Thomas, TIbbets, 
Herod and others have located two lakes, situated 
some 16 miles west of Big Pine, the waters of 
which they intend to impound by means of two 
dams about 70 and 55 feet long. The lakes are 
about 200 yards apart and cover about 80 acres. 
The estimated cost of the work is $2000, and 
operations will be commenced in a few days. 
The water is to be used on lands owned by the 
locators. During the summer months thou- 
sands of inches of water run to waste, while 
early in the season the ranchers are short of 

Iios Angeles. 
Bananas — L. A. Mirror, July 13: Dr. J. 
M. Pirtle of Duarte shows some very fine ba- 
nanas grown on his ranch at that place. He 
thinks this fruit will yet be generally and suc- 
cessfully cultivated in Southern California. 
The flavor, considering the season of the year, 
the fruit having just been plucked from the 
plant, is excellent. 


Hop-Growers' Meeting.— Ukiah Republican: 
The Mendocino County Hop-Growers' Associa- 
tion convened in regular annual session, at the 
courthouse, Saturday, July 6th, President L. 
F. Long in the chair. Treasurer McGarvey 
made a verbal report, showing the healthy 
financial condition of the association, and the 
report was approved. Sec'y Rhodes was. excused 
from making a written report, but stated that 
no new members had been received during the 
past year. The following ofiSoers were chosen: 
Pres., L. F. Long; V. P., Pat Cunningham; 
Sec, G. T. Rhodes; Treas., Robt. McGarvey; 
Directors — N. Bartlett, B. Pemberton, R. Hay- 
worth, T. S. Parsons, T. R. Luoaa, W. D. 

White, T. J. Fine Mr. Rhodes offered the 


Resolved, That whereas, we now have a railroad 
at or near our own doors, we will not, in the future, 
enter into any contract to sell our hops to be in- 
spected at any other place than at or near our hop- 

Lucas opposed the resolution, and McGar- 
vey and Rhodes favored it, after which it was 
adopted by a unanimous vote. The question of 
labor and the securing of pickers for the pres- 
ent year was then discussed. Desiring to ar- 
rive at a conclusion in this matter satisfactory 
to all, the secretary was instructed to address 
a circular note to each and every hop-grower in 
the county, requesting an attendance at the 
next meeting, when definite action will be tak- 
en. The association then adjourned to Satur- 
day, July 27th, at 1 o'clock p. m. 

Wool at Ukiah. — Cor. Lower Lake Press; 
The wool sale at Ukiah, June 26th, was decid- 
edly a failure; there were no Eastern buyers 
present, and the enormous amount of wool on 
sale was quite beyond the means of those pres- 
ent to purchase. The amount of wool there 
was estimated at $260,000. Probably about 
$50,000 worth was sold and the balance was 
shipped to commission-houses in S F. Shoo- 
bert, Beale & Co., Christy & Wise, J. Rosen- 
berg, Costigan & Cohen, Koshland Bros, and 
Hulme & Hart were the names chiefly notice- 
able on the sacks. The best price paid was for 
Little Lake wool, namely, 23^ cents. 


Early Grapes —The Record Union of July 
14th acknowledges the receipt of a large and 
beautiful cluster of ripe grapes of the " Rose of 
Peru " variety, forwarded by W. .J. Wilson & 
Son of Newcastle. The grapes were grown by 
W. Schillingsberg, in that vicinity. 


Heavy Fruit Shipments. — Record- Union, 
July 12: Last night the California Fruit Union 
made one of the heaviest shipments of fruit 
ever sent out for Eistern points. There was 
one special train of 11 cars, four carloads were 
sent by a fast freight train and one carload was 
attached to one of the passenger trains. 
Heavy shipments may be looked for from this 
time until October. The Golden Gate Fruit 
Association last night shipped eight cars of 
fruit for the Eist, composed of apples, pears, 
peaches and plums. 

Cotton. — Marcus Langley came here from 
North Carolina over a year ago. Some time 
afterward he sent back for cotton seed and this 
year put it into soil at Twenty-second and M 
streets. It is considered fortunate at the South, 
he says, to have the cotton plant show its 
flower by the Fourth of July. He watched his 
plants here with anxiety and was greatly grat- 
ified on Thursday morning to find several of his 
plants in bloom. They are all growing finely, 
and he eays he never saw any in the South look 

San Bernardino. 
Blackberries in the Orchard. — Ontario 
Observer: Growing between bis lemon trees 
C. D. Adams has several rows of blackberry 
bushes which are bearing enormously. He is 
picking from 200 to 300 boxes of fruit per 
day, which he sells in Los Angeles. He esti- 
mates his net profit to be at the rate of $200 
per acre. 

Orange Trees for Australia. — Riverside 
Press, July 13: Twogood & Cutter have re- 
ceived an order for 500 orange trees from a 
gentleman in Australia, and if they arrive at 
their destination in good condition, he wishes 
to secure a nnmber more. 

San Diego. 
The Escondido Fair.— San Diego Sun, July 
5: E. L. Dorn of Escondido, secretary of the 
District Agricultural Association, was in the 
city Wednesday in the interest of the fair to be 
held at Escondido Oct. Ist, 2d, 3d, 4th and 
5th. Mr. Dorn is enthusiastic over the pros- 
pects, and says the fair will be one of the most 
prosperous ever held in Southern California. 
While here, Mr. Dorn called upon a number of 
San Diego merchants and secured a liberal 
amount of premiums for agricultural exhibits. 
A large exhibition building is being constructed 
and exhibits of all kinds will be given space 
freely. The prsmium-list will be published in 
a few days. 

San Joaquin. 
Volunteer Watermelons. — Lodi Sentinel, 
July 6: A good crop of volunteer watermelons 
is maturing on the large fruit ranch of A. T. 
Hatch in the Laogford colony. List year Mr. 
Hatch planted melons between the rows of 
trees, but since the crop was taken off, the 
ground has been plowed twice, harrowed twice, 
and cultivated four times. Notwithstanding 
all this disturbance of the soil, the seeds, which 
remained in the ground during the warm rains 
of winter and spring, did not spro6t until a 
few weeks ago. In fact, the volunteers are 
even later than those planted this year. Cecil 
Walters, the experienced horticulturist em- 
ployed by the Hatch-Armstrong Fruit & Nut 
Co., says he never heard of volunteer melons 
growing on land that bad been so thoroughly 
worked. The vines are looking as good and 
healthy as any, and the yield of melons per 
vine will be up to the average. 

Santa Barbara. 
Editors Press:— Tht weather continues 
quite cool, almost cold. No hot weather at all 
so far. Crop prospects, very good, and mat- 
ters and things moving on fairly, and not quite 
80 much complaint of hard times, but no one is 

getting rich very fast. I have to sell my black- 
berries for five cents a box, but those who have 
apricots are still worse off, for they sell as low 
as one-half a cent to a cent a pound, scarce as 
they are. In fact, there is little money in cir- 
culation, but we all hope and expect better 
times soon. Real estate keeps up; there is lit- 
tle falling off in prices.— S. P. Snow, Santa 
Barbara, July ISlh, 

Rancho db Los Olivos. — Santa Ynez Argus: 
Rancho de Los Olivos, from which the town of 
Los Olivos took its name, is about a mile from 
that town. The house is charmingly situated 
on an eminence overlooking the famous Alamo 
Pintado valley. The ranch is almost entirelv 
devoted to olive culture, there being over 5000 
trees planted. One half of the orchard is al- 
ready bearing, and the outlook is favorable for 
a remunerative crop next winter. The soil is 
a fine gravelly loam, thoroughly drained and 
easily worked. A small fruit orchard for home 
consumption evidences the variety of fruits 
which will thrive in this valley. It contains 
cherries, plums, prunes, figs, apples, apricots, 
peaches, quinces, Italian chestnuts, pecans, 
English walnuts, pomegranates, persl nmons 
and a custard-apple tree. The extent of the 
ranch is 160 acres, of which about 75 are de- 
voted to olives, 65 to hay and grain, 10 to 
pasture, and about 10 acres include fruit-or- 
chard, house, barns and corrals. The hay, 
grain and pasture land is studded with magn fi- 
cent white and live oaks and sycamores, giving 
a park -like appearance to the landscape. .. . 
Alden M. Boyd, the owner of the ranch, came 
to the valley four years ago, seeking, with the 
most gratifying results, the health which an 
outdoor life alone could give him. 

Santa Clara. 

The Fruit Harvest. — San Jose Mercury, 
July 15: A ride through the valley shows that 
the fruit crop as a whole is good. There are 
more apricots than was expected early in the 
season, and they are of large size and fiae 
flavor. A great many orchardists are drying 
their own. The apple and pear crop will be 
very good. The sprays and other preventives 
ii^ed against the codlin moth have proven quite 
effective. The pear export will prove quite an 
item for the present season. The great crop 
for 1889 will be prunes. Santa Clara county is 
the banner prune district of the world. Never 
before were the trees so burdened with fruit. 
Never was the quality of the prunes better than 
that of the now ripening crop. The price of 
the green fruit may be low, but the quantity 
will compensate. 


Hop-Pickers' Wages.— Santa Rosa, July 13: 
At a meeting of the Sonoma County Hop- 
Growers' Association to-day, it was resolved to 
pay $1 per 100 pounds for picking white and 
$1.25 for red hops. The meeting was attend- 
ed by the owners of nearly half the hop-fitlds 
in the county. 


A Private Experiment Station. — Ventura 
Videlte: C. M. Drake is experimenting in 
fruit on his ranch, where he has over 160 vari- 
eties of northern and semi-tropical fruits. 
Among the more rare may be mentioned man- 
goes, anonas, lacunas, Otahuta gooseberries, 
achras, etc. He promises to give our readers 
the results. 


Miscellany. — Phoenix Herald, July 11: 
Porter Moffat, the rustling butter man, has put 
up a new separator with a capacity of 800 

pounds. It is to be run by steam Lin 

Orm's wheat crop this year pans out 8000 sacks. 
W. J. Murphy's grain yield is 20,000 sacks. 
. . . .There is a lull in the fruit market between 
the early and later crops. Bat in a few days 
grapes, peaches, and pears will besiege all 
pocketbooks. Meanwhile the silent hut poten- 
tial cucumber may yet be had, with accessorial 

sensations at the usual rates This season 

John Orme has sold 450 hogs for $7500, in round 
numbers. He thinks there is nearly double 
the profit in them, as compared with alfalfa 
and grain. The business does not, from above 
results, seem overdone. 


Velvet Grass.— Tillamook Cor. Oregonian: 
In reply to the question as to the best way to 
get rid of velvet grass, I for one am satisfied 
there is no way to get rid of it. It is earlier, 
more prolific, and will grow where other 
grasses will not. White clover grows freely 
among it in suitable soils; and animals, to get 
that, eat the velvet, which they will not eat if 
they can get other grass. Persons who have 
experimented by sowing the velvet grass seed 
and feeding the product raised from it, say 
they can get as much beef, pork and butter 
from it as from other grass, or as much as their 
neighbors can from other grasses. 

Nestucca Hay. — Cor. Oregonian, July 8: 
Hay crop is good, but not so abundant as some 
years. Farmers pasture their meadows too 
late in the spring to get the best crops, espe- 
cially if the season should be dry. Stock is 
often allowed to remain on the meadows until 
the middle of May. This necessarily makes 
the crops short. Bat it is not the case with 
all the farmers. The hay harvest then com- 
mences in July, sometimes in June. As soon 
as the hay comes off, the stock goes back to the 
meadow to remain until the next May, and so 
on. The Nestucca might export a large amount 
of hay. What is needed is better transporta- 
tion faoilities to a market. 


f ACIFie F?,URAId f ress. 

[July 20, 1889 

Poultry Awards at Los Angeles. 

The followiag premiums were awarded at the 
exhibition lately held by the Poultry Associa 
tion in Ljb Angeles: 


Light Brahmas.— W. H. H. Jones, Pasadena, 
ist & 2d chicks, 3d hen; John McFarling, Oakland, 
ist & 2d cock,' 2d hen. 

Buff Cochin. — J. McFarling, ist ck; Wm. 
Niles, L. A., ist breeding pen; E. P. Ganahl, L. A., 
2d ck. 

Partridge Cochin. — H. G. Keesling, San Jose, 
ist cockerel, ist pullet; W. Niles, ist b pen; Jane 
Walrasley, Orange, ist hen; Dowler & Tyrer, L. A., 
1st ck, 2d & 3d hn. 

White Langshans. — H. G. Wilshire, Fullerton, 
1st ck, iFt & 2d hn. 

Black Langshans.— Berdron & Eley, L. A., ist 
pen; A. M. Crolhers, L. A., 3d ck; I. Keen, Pas- 
adena, 2d ck; S. Schwab, L. A. ist & 2d hn; B. H. 
Shaw, L. A., ist, 2d & 3d chks; J. Walmsley, ist 
ckri; H. G. Wilshire, ist ck, 3d hn. 


Barred Plymouth Rocks. — A. C Ruschhaupt, 
L. A., ist pUt, 2d ckrl; Paul&Guyot, L. A., ist hn, 
2d pllt. 

White Plymouth Rocks.— A. M. Crothers, ist 
ck: Wm. Niles, 2d ckrl, ist & 2d hn. 

Silver Wyandottes. — J. McFarling. ist ck; J. 
Mitchell, St. Hel.-na, 2d & 3d ck, isi & 2d hen; G. 
A. Swartwout, Pasadena, istck, 1st & 2d pllt; Wm. 
Tyler, Pasadena. 3d hn, 3d pllt, 1st & 2d chks. 

Golden Wyandottes. — H. G. Keesling, 2d 
ckrl, 2d pllt; G, A, Swartwout, ist ck, ist hn; Mrs. 
S. Tyler, Pasadena, ist ckrl, 2d hn. 

White Wyandottes. — Dowler & Tyrer., ist ck, 
ist & 2d hn; G. A. Swartwout, ist ckrl, ist & 2d 


Black Spanish.— .A Stout, L. A., ist &2dchks; 
A. C. Ruschhaupt, isl & 2d hn. 

Brown Leghorns. — Wm. Niles, ist ck; E. P. 
Ganahl. 2d hn; A. C. Ruschhaupt. 2d ck, ist hn. 

White Leghorns. — S. S.;hwab, ist ckrl, 1st pllt; 
I. Keen, ist chks. 

Black Leghorns. — J. Walmsley, ist & 2d pllt. 

Golden Polish. — W. Niles, ist hn. 

White Crested BLAf:K. — J. McFarling, ist hn. 

White.— E. N. Prettyman, L. A., ist ck. 

Silver Spangled.— Rural Californian, L. A., 
1st ck, ist hn. 
Black. — J. Walmsley, ist ck, ist hn. 
Red Caps. — J. McFarling, 1st ck, ist hn. 

HouDANS. — W. Niles, 3d ck, 2d hn; A. C. 
Ruschhaupt, 2d ck; A. Stout, ist ck, ist chk, ist & 
3d hn. 


Pit. — H. Gr^v, L. A., 3d ck; Rural Calif., istck, 
1st & 2d hn; E. P. Ganahl, 2d ck; K. Willlaras, L. 
A.. 3d hn. 

Black- Breasted Red.— Paul & Guyot, L. A., 
ist pen, ist ck, ist, 2d & 3d hn. 

Red Pile.— Rural Calif., istck, ist & 2d hn; 
J. Walmsley, 2d ck, 3d hn. 

Game Bantams. 

Black-Breasted Red — C. A. Sumner, L. A., 
ist ptn, 1st ck, ist & 2d hn. 

Bkown Red. — R. B. Parsons, ist brood. 

Red Pile. — A. C. Ruschhaupt, i^t ck, ist hn. 

Booted White.— A. C. Ruschhaupt. ist hn. 

Game Bantams. — E. Cawston, Norwalk, 2d ck. 
Bantams Other than Game. 

Golden Seabrigh t.s.— A. C. Ruschhaupt, 1st 


Bronze. — Wm. Niles, 1st gobler; H. G. Wil- 
shire, ist brood. 


Colored Muscovy.— D. Cummings, L. A., 1st 
pair, isi one. 

Pekin.— A. M. Crothers, ist, 2d & 3d chks; B. 
H. Shaw, L. A., ist pr; F. J. Bentler, L. A., ist 

Crested White. — C. Rhodes, L. A,, ist pr. 

Toulouse. — Wm. Niles, ist trio. 

White Guineas.— H. G. Wilshire, ist hn. 
Quail.— A. P. Janney, Pasadena, ist pen. 
Pea Fowls.— Marsch Bros., L. A., ist. 

A. P. Janney, ist Hook-billed mocking bird, 1st 
Red bird, ist Monkey-faced owls. 


Angora.— G. Bicon, ist pr, ist young. 
Spanish.— A. P. Janney, ist youjg, ist old. 

Minor Pets, Etc. 
Guinea Pigs. — A. P. Janney, 2d; F. M. Tyler, 
L. A., ist. 

Pacific Cat.— A. P. Janney, 1st. 
Ferrets.— Mrs. S. Tyler, ist. 
Coyote.— L. A. Poultry'n, 1st. 

E. Cawston, isi on chks. 


Pouters. — Black Pied — Geo. T. Marsh, S. F., 
ist & 2d ck, 1st & 2d hn. 

White Kantails. — Geo. T. Marsh, S. F. , istck, 
2d hn; H. H. Carlton, S. F., 2d ck, ist hn. 

Black Kantails. — H. H. Carlton, istck, isthn. 

Blue Dragoons.— H. H. Carlton, ist ck. isthn. 

Red Tumbler.- G. T. Marsh, istck, ist hn. 

Jacobin. --Black— G. T. Marsh, ist ck, ist hn. 
Red -G. T. Marsh, ist ck; Mrs. S. Tyler, 2d ck. 
Yellow— G. r. Marsh, ist hn. 

Turbits.— Shell-crested White— Walter Magee, 
S. F. , ist hn. 

Homing Antwerps.— Blue— Dowler & Tyrer, ist 
pr. Black Chequered— F. E. Magee, S. F., ist pr; 
Dowler & Tyrer, 2d pr. Blue Chequered — Dowler 
4 Tyrer, ist pr; F. rC Magee, 2d pr. 

Best display o( pigeons; highest scoring pigeon 
(Black Pied Pouters); best pair pigeons (B. P. P.), 

and largest number of pigeon entries, all to G. T. 

Incubators, Etc. 
Incubators. — Prairie State Incubator Co., Ho- 
mer City, Pa., 1st & 2d premiums. Brooders, same 
company. 1st prem. Best display of poultry litera- 
ture — CackUr, S. F. Best display of silk worms — 
C. Fikes, L. A. Patent Nest — B. Watson, Comp- 

Los Angeles Coops and Kennels. 

Editors Press: — It may be a little late, in 
the eyes of some, for a few words from one who 
was on the ground, or rather in the building, 
during the poultry show held in Los Angeles, 
June '24th to 29 ;h. To tell the whole truth, I 
postponed some work till after the show, and 
have been very busy with the work since. I 
send yon a premium-list, which tells the details 
much better than I can. 

The show, though the first ever held in this 
part of the State, and at a hard time in the 
year for good looks in fowls, was by no means 
a failure; in fact the Los Angeles County Poul- 
try Association has started out with a good 
name, for giving a good show, and is also sev- 
eral hundred dollars in pocket after paying all 
bills — a good nest-egg for another show. 

One class failed to oompete, namely, the 
Kickers. No premiums awarded. 

Several breeders from San Francisco, Oak- 
land, St. Helena and San Jose tried conclusions 
with us, and looking at the premium-list we 
should judge that the birds were happy over 
their good work. It is hoped that their own- 
era, Messrs. Geo. T. Marsh, H. U. Carlton, 
Fred E. and Walter Magee, John McFarling, 
H. G. Keesling and James Mitchell, will come 
along with their birds to the next show. At 
the same time let the two California incubators 
get eggs enough together to hatch out a few 

Then, too, there were the dog kennels well 
filled; not an empty coop nr kennel to be found 
after the second day. While the numbers of 
dogs were not large, yet the quality was good, 
to which fict I think thn good-natured judge, 
H. H. Brig^s of San Francisco, can attest. 
Dogs there were, large and small, and a good- 
looking set they were. Several dogs from San 
Francisco were down. 

With the crowing and cackling and barking 
the show was well advertised, and the bird 
Success perched high upon her banner. 

Pasadtna. July 12. ISSO. E. C. Clapp. 

Chickens at Compton. 

The editor of the Compton Independent, 
while out on a journalistic prowl in his neigh- 
borhood, visited the premises cf John Howard 
and there found a poultry enterprise fairly 
established. Upon being questioned, Mr. Ho- 
ward intimated that his daughter Fannie was 
the " ruler of the roost;" that she dictated the 
contriving cf the henhouse and its appur- 
tenances, and he performed the manual labor 
as to the building operations. The henhouse is 
of sufficient dimensions, and divided into 
apartments to conveniently accommodate 
SCO chickens, all the way from the time of 
hatching to their going to roost. A portion of 
the roof, over each apartment, in connection 
with the regular roofing, is glass afifording the 
necessary sunshine and shade for the chickens. 
Outside of these apartments and leading into 
them, are little corrals, surrounded and divided 
by a neat fence, all of which afiords inside pro- 
tection from what little "inclemency of the 
weather" we have in this country, and outside 
exercise. At the time of visiting the place, 
thfre were somewhat over 300 chickens, of 
different sizes, all hatched from an incubator of 
a home invention and make of a capacity of 
1000 eggs at one hatching. This machine and 
its successful working seems to savor a good 
deal of " patronizing home industry." Bat re- 
ally the lady was enthusiastic over her success, 
and well might she be. There were about 600 
fowls about the premises, of all ages, from the 
young chiok to laying hens, and supplied with 
fresh artesian water conveniently arranged. 
And to "make a loDg story short," Miss How- 
ard, as a refined and intelligent lady, is 
working up an industry worthy of large ap- 

Brushing Oct Stcbble Fires.— J. W. Hart 
writes the Stockton Mail that grain fires are 
easily prevented from spreading through stub- 
ble by hitching a horse to a small bushy tree, 
cut for the purpose, and dragging it through 
the stubble at a brisk pace, so that the brush 
can knock the fire out, while the dust raised 
extingniehfa all the sparks. Mr. Hart recom- 
mends the cutting of strips around wheat-fields 
of hay, thus leaving a chance to use the brush. 
An equipment of this kind, he says, will do 
more to prevent the spreading of fires than 100 

An exchange gives the following excellent 
advice : " Never go where you are not wanted. 
If a man wants yon to go into his house he will 
invite you to do so, and if a man wants you to 
visit his place of business he will invite you 
through the columns of your newspaper. It is 
wrong to intrude on privacy ; do not do it." 

"Old Clcbfoot," the ursine terror of the 
Sierras, the bear that " bears a charmed life," 
but has been killed at intervals, by various 
persons and in divers places, for a score of 
years, was killed again the other day — we dis- 
remember just where and by whom, preoieely. 


Accidents nappcn, 
and sickness comes, 
to all, and yet many 
people never have 
on hand the means 
to promptly relieve 
the sufferings from 
either. An inexpen- 
sive and thoroughly 
reliable safeguard is 

Perry Davis' 

Pain Killer. 

which has stood for 
49 years unrivaled. 
For Cramps, Colic, 
Cholera and all Sum- 
mer Complaints it is 
Have it with you 
at home and when 
traveling. It is used 
externally and in- 
ternally, and is just 
the thing needed for 
Burns, Bruises, Cuts, 
Sprains, &c. 




lathorized Capital $1,000,000 

Capital paid ap and Reserve Fund 800,000 
Dividends paid to Stockholders.. 575,620 

A. D. LOGAN President 

I. C. STEELE Vice-PresideDt 

ALBERT MONTPELLIKR Cashier and Manager 

FRANK Mcmullen secretary 

Oeneral Banking. Deposits received, Gold and Silver. 
Bills of Exoliange bought and sold. Loans on Wheat 
and country produce a specialty. 

July 1, 1859 A. MONITELLIER, Manager. 



HaDddome— I n d e s t r u ct i li 1 e— Cheaper than Wood. 

ft A A 11 (. fi ii ;i ;< 


li li 




[Fdctories: Beaver Fallo, Pa.] 
Tliis is not a netting, it is a Fence. 
Oar l,awn Fence, the only Fence that protects a 
lawn without concealing it. 

Our field Fence, the only good, cheap Fence that 
is harmlfsii toalock. 
Made iu various styles, heights and sizes of picketa 


For Sale Cheap if Ordered Soon. 


216 Montgomery Street, San Francisco 



rate of interest on approved security in Karraing 
Lands. A. SCHULLER, io6 Leidesdorff street, 
San Francisca ** 




Amount of Capital actually paid in U. S. Gold 
Coin, Surplus paid up and Reserve Fund 1794,637 2S 

City and County of San Francisco. ( 
A. Montpellier and F. McMullen, being each duly 
sworn, severally depooe and say that they are respect- 
ively the Manager an J Secretary of the Grangers' Bank 
of C'alifurnia, above mentioned, and that the fore^olog 
statement i» true. 

(Sisn^d) A. MONTPEr LIER, Manager. 

(Signed) F. McMULLEN, Secretary. 

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 16th day of 
July, 1889. 

(Signed) JAMES L. KINO, Notary Public. 


Showing the Actual Condition of the 


At the Close of Business June 30, 18:9. 


Loans on wheat, real estate and other 'ecu- 

ritles (1,2(8,S'0 06 

Due from banks and bankers 7,064 79 

Real estate 161,82.3 00 

Olfice furniture, fixtures and sola 8,000 00 

KxneBses, taxes, etc 13.736 26 

Cash on hand 76,670 82 

Total (1,500.563 93 

And said assets are situated in the following counties 
to wit: Alameda, Butte. Contra Costa, Colusa, Fresno 
Merced, Monterey, Placer, Staniglauf*, Sutler, Solano 
San Francisco, Tehama, Tulare, Yuba and Yulo. 


Capital stock paid in IJ. S. gold coin t 700,000 00 

SurpluK paid up and reserve fund 94,637 28 

Due dep sitors, banks snd bankers 670,715 35 

Interest collected 35,211 35 

Total »1 ,500,563 93 

City and County of San Francisco, f 

A. Montpellier and F. McMullen, being each duly 
sworn, neveralli' depose and say that they arc respect- 
ively the Manager and Secretary of the Grangers' Bank 
of California, above mentioned, and that the foregoing 
statement is true. 

(Signed) A. MONTPELLIER, Manager. 

(Signed) F. McMULLEN, SecreUry. 

Subscribed and sworn to before me this ISth day of 
July, 1889. 

(Signed) JAMES L. KING, Notary Public 


150,000 French Prunes on Myro- 
bolan Plum Roots. 


Large Stock of Apple, Peach, Apricot and 

Having a large stock to bud, will take orders to supply 
any kind of Apple, Pear, Peach, Apricot, Almond and 
Cherry, in dormant or June Buds or one year old trees. 

Uarysvllle, OaL 


Cuts the Fruit Clear .ArouDd and Leaves 
No Bagged Ends. 

Simple as a handspike; swift in its work, yet perfectly 
effective. Leaves both hands uncramped and free to 
handle fruit. 

Cheso and durable. Pays tor itself every day. 

SinKle eample postpaid by mail, 50 cents. Lower 
price in quantities. Address 

223 Turk Street, San Francisco. 




SeviDg Macbioes. 

Simple in Cunstruction. Light Run- 
ning, Most Durable and Complete. 
Visitors always welcome. 


108 & 110 POST ST., 8. F. 



Before Buying a Sewing Machine. 
It is the leader in practical progress. Send for price list 
J. W. EVANS. 39 Poet St., 8. P. 

FOR ENGRAVINGS Dewsy BngraTlng .Com- 
pany, No. 320 Uarkat streat, San Praodaoo. 

July 20, 1889] 

f ACIFie [^URAb f RESS. 



Frait Prospects in Santa Barbara. 

Editors Press: — I have been looking over 
the orchard and vineyard and find several vari- 
eties of fruit anything but promising. The 
plum family is a failure. Several of the plum 
trees not yet started in leaf appear to be rest- 
ing content with the large growth made last 
year. Others are shooting out here and there. 
Very few have anything \ike a uniform growth. 
The prunes refuse to grow, showing but few 
haves, with now and then a blofsom. 

Most of our best peach trees promise little 
better, much of the wood being as dormant as 
in December. 

Apples promise a fair yield; some trees very 
full, others showing in clusters here and there, 
while some trees have little fruit or leaves. 
Pears, many more on some trees than there 
should be, with a promise of plenty all through. 
Quinces never looked more promising for a 
heavy crop. 

Grapes, on the whole, are not a full crop. 
The Muscats shed most of the early and bsst 
bloom, BO many of the clusters are bare, or 
show a grape only occasionally. Some of the 
vines appear not to be satisfied with their first 
e£fort and are blooming again, but of course so 
late the fruit cannot be very good. 

The Cuthbert raspberry is in the sulks; not 
a tenth of the bearing canes have started a leaf 
or bud. A good growth from the roots will be 
ready for next year. 

English walnuts are not over half an average 
crop, notwithstanding what the papers and 
others may say to the contrary. AH these 
prospects of fruits and nuts may be local, but 
so far as I have seen near the coast, appearances 
are about the same. 0. N. Cadwell. 

Carpinteria, July 13, 1889. 


A meeting of the " Grape-Growers' and Wine- 
Makers' Association of California" will be held 
at Piatt's hall, San Francisco, July 25, 1889, 
at 3 o'clock p. M.; evening session at 8 o'clock. 
Subjects for discussion, " Preparation for the 
Coming Vintage," Wm. Pfeffer; "How to 
Seoare Labor," H. A. Pellet. 

E. H. RixFORD, Seo'y. 


The Pacific Rural Press comes to as this week 
just upon the verge of a new volume. The 
growing interest in the great industries of the 
Pacific Coast is manifested by the improved 
condition of this valuable paper. We congratu- 
late the Press npon its continuous growth in 
popularity and usefulness. — Placerville Ob- 
terver, July 2d, 

A SPECIAL wool train of 20 cars left Los An- 
geles for Boston on Thursday last, going right 
through on pas8eng«r time. 

Irving Institute. 

[By W. W. K.] 

Among the best appointed of our private 
schools for young ladies is Irving Institute, 
beautifully situated on the corner of Valencia 
and Hill streets, in a portion of the city highly 
esteemed for climate and healthfulness. It 
was founded 11 years ago, has always main- 
tained a high standard of scholarship and in 
consequence has eojoyed a continuous and 
steadily increasing prosperity. 

The buildings have been four times enlarged, 
and now are equal in convenience, elegance 
and comfort to those of any other institution 
on this coast. While, by means of the Valen- 
cia-street cable cars, it is within a few minutes' 
ride of the heart of the city, it is yet only five 
minutes' walk to the hills, where the full 
benefits of the country can daily be enjoyed. 
While the school has flourishing primary and 
preparatory departments, most of its pupils 
are of the advanced academic grades. 

A large number of its alumna; are now 
teaching in the State, and are a credit to 
their alma mater. 

Beyond the ordinary high school or academic 
course, great attention is given to the study of 
history and literature, mental philosophy, 
logic, astronomy and other sciences. The 
mathematics of the course include algebra, 
plain and solid geometry and plane trigonomet- 
ry. A thorough course in book-keeping is 
given to those wishing a business education. 
Latin and Greek, through the usual pre- 
paratory work for colleges, are taught thor- 
oughly and carefully. The modern languages 
are learned conversationally and practically by 
the natural method. 

Through the careful oversight and direction 
of Mrs. Ohurch, whose study and travels in 
Europe especially fit her for the work, the art 
department is ah important feature of the 
school. The services of the very best teachers 
are secured for this and other departments. It 
is noticeably so in regard to vocal and instru- 
mental music, many of the pupils from all 
parts of the Pacific States and Territories at- 
tending for the high character of the musical 
instruction given. 

As a really homelike, family school, there is 
none more popular. With perfect order and 
system, there are no unnecessary require- 
ments. Gentle, ladylike bearing is the natural 
result of refined surroundings, and no one ap- 
preciates this more than the young lady her- 
self, when she recognizes it. She sees the 
beauty of this grace and refinement in others, 
and seeks to be what she would seem to be, a 
true lady. 

The young ladies are taught carefully the 
principles of right living, that the mental, 
moral and physical should mature in due pro- 
portion. The physical is the foundation upon 
which the moral as well as the intellectual 
rests. Fresh air, exercise, good food, in varie- 
ty and aufiSoient, and aleep, each in its proper 

time and proportion, are indispensable to 
health and vigor of mind and body, and are 
carefully attended to. Walking, dancing, 
calistbenic exercises and games are important 
elements in physical training. The young 
ladies are taught systematically how to take 
care of themselves, how to avoid illnesB; and 
how, when ill, to aid nature, in restoring 
health. When the young have learned how 
absolutely uniform are the laws of nature in 
their operation, observation, by which alone it 
is really learned, will carry on the work. In 
connection with the physical it would be well 
to speak of the elocutionary training this school 
is giving. Not only are all given the drill and 
practice to make them good readers, but spe- 
cial attention is paid to the culture of the 
voice, its strength, quality, modulation, va- 
riety and all those properties which make it 
expressive of the highest thought and the 
noblest sentiment. 

It is the object of this school to bring out all 
the latent powers of the pupil and to develop 
them to the best advantctge. Many lectures 
have been given to the school in past years, but 
now, with the increased facilities of a pleasant 
and well-appointed lecture-hall, the courses 
will be more systematic and frequent. The 
pupils are taken to concerts and lectures, and 
to hear the most noted singers and actors in 
opera and standard plays, especially those of 
Shakespeare, twelve or more of which are read 
critically during the course. 

It has been the object of the principals, the 
Rev. Edward B. Church and wife, to establish 
on a firm foundation a collegiate institute of 
high intellectual and moral character, one that 
will last and dispense its ever-increasing bene- 
fits for years to come. 

WANTED.— A country girl of 14 years or older, 
who wishes to attend school in town and is willing to as- 
sist in housework for her board, can find a comfortable 
home in private family by addressing W. H. S., Box 
2517, San Francisco, Cal. 

WANTiJlD— Foreman for fruit ranch in Salt River 
Valley, Arizona. Must be thoroughly posted in planting 
and the care of trees and vines, and experienced in the 
drying and packing of general fruits and raisins. Ad- 
dress, giving references, C. H. 8., BOX 2bl7, San 
Francisco, Cal. 

Dewey & Co.'s Scientific Press 
Patent Agency. 

Our U. S. and Foreign Patent Agency 
presents many and important advantages as a 
Home Agency over all others, by reason of long 
establishment, great experience, thorough sys- 
tem, intimate acquaintance with the subjects of 
inventions in our own community, and our 
most extensive law and reference library, con- 
taining official American and foreign reports, 
files of scientific and mechanical publications, 
etc. All worthy inventions patented through 
our Agency will have the benefit of an illustra- 
tion or a description in the Mining and Scien- 
tific Press. We transact every branch of 
Patent business, and obtain Patents in all coun- 
tries which grant protection to inventors. The 
large majority of U. S. and Foreign Patents 
issued to inventors on the Pacific Coast have 
been obtained through our Agenc y. We can 
give the best and most reliable advice as to the 
patentability of new inventions. Our prices 
are as low as any first-clsss agencies in the 
Eastern States, while our advantages for Pacific 
Coast inventors are far superior. Advice and 
Circnlars free. 

DEWEY & CO., Patent Agents, 

220 Market St., Elevator, 12 Front St., S. F. 

Telephone No. 6,58. 



Next Term begins .Aagnst 6, 1889. 

A first-class Scbnol. A beautiful, pleasant home. 
Send for Catalogue to 
W. W. ANDERSON, Principal. 


A first-class Boarding School for both sexes. Pupils 
prepared thoroughly for the Universities or lor business. 
The comforts of a bome combined with *he best instruc- 
tion procurable. The location, in the educational center 
of the State and close to the Univerfity, is unrivaled. 
The 25th term commences on Monday. July 29th. For 
Catalogues apply to GnO. BATES, 

Berkeley, Oal. 



10 Post St.. Masonic Temple. S. F. 
[Mention Rural Press.] 


About 5000 acres each, $4 to $7 per acre; very low. 

Grain and pasture Farms of all sizes and prices. Sev- 
eral choice Orchards, five to seven years old. A cheap 
Farm of 480 acres; ii per acre. Twenty-two thoueanU 
acres choice Timber Land. 

Many large tracts suitable for subdivision. 


Flood Building. 809 Market St., Room 1. 



Sure Cure for Diabetes, Catarrh of the Bladder, and all Disorders of the Liver 

and Urinary Organs. 

Manufactured by SIERRA CHEMICAL CO., San Francisco, Cal. 

Laboratory, 2424 Mission Street. ALL DBUGQISTS. 


f ACIFie I^URAlo f RESS. 

[July 20, 1889 

breeder?' directory. 

Six llnee or legs in this Directory at fiOc par line per month 


PBTBB SAXE Si SON, Lick House, San Francisco, 
Cal Importers and Breeders, for past 18 years, of 
every variety of Cattle, Horses, Sheep and Hogs. 

OBO. BBDdENT & SON, Maple Orove r arm. Oak 
land P. O., breeders uf Ayrshire Uattle & Essex Swine. 

P. H. BUEKE, 401 Montgomery St, S. F.: Registered 
Holsteins; winners of more first prizes, sweepstakes 
and special premiums this year than aoy herd on the 
Coast! Pure Berkshire Pigs. Catalogues. 

PERCHERON HORSES— Refer to large adver- 
tisement. Address, Capt. W. B. Collier, Lakeport, Cal 

WILLIAM NILES, Los Angeles, Cal. Thorough- 
bred Registered Holstein and Jersey Cattle. Write me. 

P. PETERSEN, Sites, Colusa Co., importer & breeder 
of registered Shorthorn Cattle. Young bulls for sale 

JOHN DETER, Colusa, CaL Almont saddle and driv. 
log horses for sale. Single footers. Two tine Stallions, 

W. S. JACOBS, Sacramento, Cal., breeder of Thor' 
oughbred Shorthorns and Berkshire Hogs. 

H. P. MOHR, Mt. Eden, Alameda Co., Cal., breeder of 
Clydesdale Horses and Holstein-Friesian Cattle. 

BRADLEY RANCH, San Jose, Cal., breeder 
of recorded thoroughbred Shorthorn Cattle. A choice 
lot of yoang stook lor sale. 

H. S. SARGENT, Stockton, importer and breeder 
of registered Jersey Cattle. Correspondence solicited. 

HENRY HAMILTON, Grayson, Cal., breeder of 
Kentucky Jacks and Jennies, Draft Horses and Hol- 
stein Cattle. Jacks, Horses and Mules for sale. 

DEN MAN & Mc N BAR, Petaluma, importers and 
breeders of thoroughbred and graded Clydesdale horses. 

BL ROBLAR RANCHO, Los Alamos, Santa Barbara 
Co., Cal., Francis T. Uuderhill, proprietor, importer 
and breeder of thoroughbred Hereford Cattle. Infor- 
mation by mall. C F. Swan, manager. 

J. B. ROSE, Lakeville, Sonoma Co., Cal. , breeder of 
Thoroughbred Devons, Roadsters and Draft Horses. 

HEILBRON BROS., Cruickshank strain of Short- 
horns Sl Herefords, Wildflower Farm, Fresno or Sao'to. 

SUtion, S. F. & N. P. R. R. P. O., Penn's Orove, 
Sonoma Co., Cal. Wilfred Page, Manager. Breeders 
of Short Horn Cattle, English Draft Horses, Spanish 
Merino Sheep and Berkshire Swine. 

JERSEYS— The Best Herd, all A. J. C. Registered, is 
owned by Henry Pierce, San Francisco. 

J.H.WHITE, Lakeville, Sonoma Co., Cal. , breeder 
of Registered Holstein Cattle. 

B. J. MBRKBLEY, Sacramento, breeder of Norman, 
Percheron Horses and thoroughbred Shorthorn Cattle. 

T. SEILLMAN, Petaluma, Importer and breeder of 
Suffolk, Percheroo-Norman and French Coach Horses. 

M. D. HOPKINS, Petaluma, importer and dealer in 
Eastern registered Shorthorns, Red Polled Cattle, Hol- 
steins, Devons and Shropshire Sheep. 


A. C. BUSOHH'VDPT. Brooklyn Bights, Los An. 
geles. 16 breeds of pure-bred Poultry. Circular free. 

Cal.; send for illustrated and descriptive catalogue, free. 

R. G. HEAD, Napa, Cal., breeder of the choicest va- 
rieties of Poultry. Each variety a specialty. Send for 
new Catalogue. 

T. D. MORRIS, Agua Oaliente, Cal.; pure-bred fowls. 

W. C. DAMON, Napa, 92 each for choice Lt. Brahmas, 
Wyandottes, P. Rocks, White and Brown Leghoms. 
Eggs, 82 per 13. Beei Seed for sale. 

O. J. ALBBB, Lawrence, Cal. Pure bred poultry. 


a. W. WOOLSEY & SON, Fulton, Cal., importers 
fc breeders Spanish Merino Sheep; ewes & rams for sale. 

R. H. OBANB, Petaluma, Cal., breeder and importer. 
South Down Sheep from Illinois and England for sale. 

Perry, Cal. , breeders of Merino Sheep. Rams for sale. 

L. U. SHIPPBE, Stockton, Cal., importer and breeder 
of Spanish Merino Sheep, Durham Cattle, Jacks and 
Jennys It Berkshire Swine high graded rams tor sale 

J. B. HOYT, Biid's Landing, Cal., importer and 
breeder of Shropshire Sheep; also breeds cross-bred 
Merino and Shropshire Sheep. Rams for sale. 

ANDREW SMITH, Redwood City, Cal.; see adv't. 


TYLER BEACH, San Jose, Cal., breeder of 
thoraughbred Berkshire and Essex Hogs. 

WILLIAM NILES, LosAngelea,Cal. Tborotighbrcd 
Poland-China and Berkshire Pigs. Clrcnlara free. 

JOSEPH MELVIN, DavisvUle, Cal., Breeder of 
Poland-China Hog& 

ANDRKW SMITH. Rortwnod CItv. Oal.: one tdv-t. 

APIARIAN SUPPLIBH for sale by Mrs. J. D. 
11^*11. Nkpk Dltv. Oaf. 

Should consult 


California Inventors 

ANiJ FuKiiKiN I\\'i KNT JSn 1, M r r« "K.H, f or obtaiuiug Pateula 
and Caveatd. Katalflinhed in ltt>jO. Tbelr lougexperieDce as 
joumaliHtB aud large practice aH Pateut attorueyH euablua 
them to oSvT Pacific Coast Inveutors far better service 'baa 
they can obtain elsewhere. Bend for free circulars of Infor- 
mation. Office of the Mining and Scientific PREssaal 
Paoifio Rural Press, No. 220 Marke St.. Sao Franoiaco 
Blertior, i% Froat 8t 


That the public should know that for the past Kigrhteen Tears our Sole Business has been, and now Is 
importing (Over 100 Carloads) and breeding improved Live Stock— Horses, Jacks, Short Horns, Ayrshires, 
and Jerseys (er Alderneya) and their grades; also, all the rarieties of breeding Sheep and Hogs. We can sup- 
ply any and all good animals that may be wanted, and at very reasonable price* and on convenient 
terms. Write or call on us. PETER SAXE and HOMER P. SAXE. 

San Francisco, Cal., Oct 22, 1888. PETER SAXE & SON, tick Honse, S. F. 






Young Stock for sale at reasonable prices. Every animal guaranteed. 
OPFICE-218 California St., San Francisco. REDWOOD CITY, CAL. 

Percheron Breeding Farm. 


For 15 voung animals bought of M. H. Dunham as 
foundation stock, :$19,e00 was paid at one time. 

Blood of Brilliant Largely Represented. 

Sales show this to be the most popular strain of the 

Two-year-olds and three year-olds from the Grand Prize 
winner, Cesar, who weighed 2040 as a two-year-old. 

Take S. F. & N. P. R. R. for Bopland, thence stage 16 
miles to Lakeport. Address 


Lakeport, Lake County, Cal. 
Send tor Catalogue. 



One and a half miles northeast of San Leandro, 
Alameda Ooaoty, has every facility for Break- 
ing Colts properly. Rates very reasonable. 
Horses boarded at all times. 

p. O. Box 149, San Leandro, Cal 



One Imixirted Cow, one two year-old Bull, one Fear- 
ling Heifer, one Bull Calf. Registered Stock and well- 
bred. Also pure-bred Poultry. 


Santa Rosa, Cal. 

Of Short Horn Cattle and Dairy Cows. 

Catalogues and Prices on applloatlon to 

Baden Station, - San Mateo Co., Oal. 

Veterinary Surgeon. 

Graduate of Ontario Veterinary College, Toronto, Canada. 

831 Golden Gate Avenue, San Francisco. 
Telephone 3001). 
tS'Open Day and Night. 
No risk in throwing Horses. Veterinary operating 
table on the premises. 



Member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, 
London, England. 
Gradcatkd April 22, 187a 
Advice by Mail, $2. 


No. 11 Seventli St., near Market, Sai Francisco, Cal. 

Open Day and Night. Telephone, No. 3369. 

^ J. D. 

Stock and Sale Yard, 

Cor. Tenth & Howard Sts., San Francisco. 

Commission Agent for the Sale of Horses and Cattle. 
Stock of all kinds bought and sold. Telephone No. 3243. 

INVFNTnRQ on the Paclfio Coast should secure 
lliw uil iun0 their Patents through Dewey & Co. 's 
Mnniio ks-a SciiiiTl?io Prus Patent Agency, Mo. 2S0 
UwkelSt.S. F. 

Oil i oli. o n s 

Raisri) bt TI18 DE*©t«.X"ti.xaaL«, 


Afford more profit than any other busi- 
ness for the capital invested. The 
most successful macliiDes made; any 
one can manage them. A large IDus- 
trateO circular and pamphlet, "Practi- 
cal Artiticial Ki^aring of Chicks," uill 
be mailed prbb to any one sendini; 
Im name and address. Contains infor 
J[, mation valuable to any one who keep!^ 
^ fowls. [Mention this paper.] 





Dealer in Special 

Advance Engines anil 

Tlie Rest Thresher and 
Engine in the 
The Straw-Bum- 

InK Engine 
Is the Latest and Best. 

Shipman and Acme Coal Oil Engines, 

No Dirt, no Engineer Re(|Uircd. 

Laundry Machinery, 

Krieliel Engines 

— AND— 

Steam Oenerators. 

Of all Kinds. 

Challenge Axle 

Farm, Church and 
School Bells. 



Fire Engines and _ 
Extinguishers. ^ 

Farm Drill, Only $8.0O. 

BIcksmith Drills and Forges. 


Oor. 17th & CBBtro Sta., 

Oakland, Oal. 

Manufactory of the PACI- 
BKOODER. Agency of 
the celebrated silver finish 
galvanized wire netting for 
Kabhit and Poultry-proof 
fences, the Wilson Bone 
and Shell Mill, the Pacific 
Egg Food, and Poultry ap- 
pliances In great variety. 
Also every variety of land 
and water Fowl, which 
have won first prizes^wlierever exhibited, ^gs for 
Hatching. The Pacific Coast Poulterers' Hand-Book and 
Ouide, price, 40c. Send 2c. stamp for 60-page illustrated 
circular to the PACIFIC INCUBATOR CO., 1317 Castro 
St., Oakland, Cal. 


Imiwrter and Breeder of 
Hi^h Clans 


SUver-Laced Wyandottes. White Plymouth 
Rocks, LlKht Brahmas, Partridse Cochins. 
Buff Cochins, Plymouth Kocka, White 
Cresfed BtacK Polish, China Langshacs, 
Black Leahorns, While Leghorns, Brown 
Legboms, Rose-Comb American Doml- 
nlquea. Thoroughbred Berkshire Pigs. 

Large lot of joung birds ready for sale. Send for 


It, The Halsted Incubator Co. 

1312 Myrtle St., Oakland, Cal. 
Thoronghbred Poultry and Egga. 
Send Stamp for Circular. 


Italian Queens, $2.60 each; Black Queens, $1 each; 
Swarms Irum t2 50 each: Smoker, $1. Comb Founda- 
tion, Dl 26 per pound; V-groove Sections, $i per 1000 
Oomb Honey who'esale and retail; Hives, etc. W. 
STYAN & SON, The Homestead Apiary, San Mateo. Cal. 


A fine lot of young thoroughbred Holstein Bull Calves, 
registered and of the finest strains of blood, for sale. 
For particulars, address J. A. SCHOLBFIBLD, 
Manager "Bonnie Brae" Stoclc Ranch, Hoi- 
lister, Oal. 



It prevents disease, regulates the bo^vcls and urine, 
strengthens the kidneys, prevents scouring, colic and 
leg swelling, loosens the hide, promotes the appetite, 
cures cougli, destroys worms, and produces a floe glossy 
coat $7.60 per 100 pounds. Manhattan Egg Food, in 
hulk, 12 cents per pound. Ask your dealer, or send to 
PAUL KBYOBR, Agent, 206 OUty St , S. F. 


No Hot Water Pipes to Heat your House. 

Worth's Patent Combined Screw 
Toggle Lever Wine, Cider and 
Olive Press. 


Using two baskets so 
that while one is under 
the press the other can 
be emptied and filled 
ready to move under 
the press as soon as the 
first basket is pressed. 
First Premium awarded 
at all fairs wherever ex- 
hibited. Parties desir- 
ing a press combining 
Power, Speed and F.ase 
to Handle, can see them 
at the wineries of the 
following Parties who 
have purchased and are 
using them at their 
wineries; Har- 
astthv & Co , San Fran- 
cisco; Prol. lliljrard, University of California, Berkeley; 
J. B. J. Portal, San Jose; 1. lie Turlr, Santa Rosa; Paul 
O. Burns' Wine Co., San Jose; Geo. West, Stockton; 
Kate F. Warfield, Glen Ellen; Joseph Drummond, Glen 
Ellen; Lay Clark & Co., Santa Rosa; J & F. Huller, 
Windsor; R. C. Stiller, Oubserville; Vache Freres, Old 
San Bernardino; J. K. Crank, San Gabriel; Wm. Allen, 
San Gabriel; Wm. Metzer, Santa Rosa; J, Lawrence Wat- 
son, Glen Ellen; Walter Phillips, Santa Kosa; Ely T. 
Sheppard, Glen Ellen; Wm..PIetrer, Gubserville; Joseph 
Walker, Windsor; Itanctaito Fruit & Wine Co., Ranchito; 
Downey Fruit & Wine Co., Downey; Wm. Palmfag, Hol- 
lister; A. liuinham & Sons, Bennetts Valley; E. E. Meyer, 
Wrights; Hill & Marshall, Petaluma; C. Wtller, Warm 
Springs; Seward Cole, Colcgrove; Chas. J. Dunz, Healds- 
burg; Glen Terry Wine Co., Clayton; IL L. Gordon, San 
Jose; Mrs. A. C. Fumiss, Caliatoga; B. W. Halleubeck, 
Santa Clara; Thos. Buckingham, Kelscyvllle; Buckner 
Bros & Regna. Santa Rosa; 0. P. Howcs,°San Francisco; 
Cucamonga Vineyard Co., Cucanionga; J. C. Mazal, Pino; 
Dr. W. W. Hays, Nordhoff; Wm. MaitUnd, Boulder 
Creek; Madam KIiiss, Glenwood; D. M. Delmas, Mouot- 
aln View; Wm. Bihier, Lakeville; J. L. Beard, Ceoter- 
ville; M. Bollotti, Sonoma; John Hinkelman, Fulton; 
R. J. Northam, Anaheim; J. Auzcrias, San Jose; O. C P. 
Scars, Sonoma; J. D. Williams, Cupertino; James Fin- 
layson, Healdsburg; P. & J. J. Oohbi, Healdsburg. 
Also Worth's Improved Grape Elevators, Improved 
Continuous Pressure Hydraulic Presses, Worth's Patent 
Power Grape Stemmer and Crusher, Worth's Patent 
Horse- Power and all kinds of machinery for wine-makers. 
The Large Toggle Lever and Screw Press is capable of a 
pressure of 260 tons or 300 pounds to the square Inch, the 
small press has 36 tons or 240 pounds to the square inch. 
Petaluma Foundry & Machine Works, 
P. O. Box 288. Petaluma, Sonoma Co., OaL 


Ranch of 200 acres on Coquille River, Coos County, 
Oregon; 40 acres bench land, 160 acres bottom, 80 acres 
under cultivation; 1^ miles from Coquille City, one-half 
mile from steamer landing. An abundance of fine 
spring water on place. Price, $4600 cash, or will ex- 
change for California property in vicinity of Sao Fran- 
olgco Bay. For further particulars apply to 
668 Olav St., San Franoiaco. Oal. ' 



Have taken the First 
Premiums at the State Fair 
for the last three years, 






This paper la printed with Ink Manufac- 
tured by Obarlea Bneu Johnaon A Oo., 600 
South 10th St., Philadelphia. Branch OIB- 
cea— 47 Roee St., New Toric, and 40 La SaUe 
St., Ohloago. Agent forlthe Pacific Ooaat— , 
Joseph H Dorety, 628 Oommerclal St., S. F 

Jolt 20, 1889] 

fACIFie I^URAlo f RESS. 



A Select School for Young Ladies. 

Thirteenth year. Fifteen Professors and Teachers. 
The next Session will begin on Monday, July 29, 1889. 
For Catalogue or information address the Principal, 
1038 Valencia St., - San Franciaco, Cal. 

California Military Academy 

NEXT TERM BEGINS - - JULY 23, 1889. 

Thorough instruction in all Departments. Business 
Course complete. Location unsurpassed. Send for 
Circular. COL. W. H. O'BRIEN, Principal. 

The Santa Rosa Boys' School, 



Desiring thorough preparation for College, University or 
Business. Location healthful, grounds ample, rooms 
large, well lighted, warmed and ventilated. Influences, 
moral and social, of the very best. Number o( pupils 

Sammer Term will begin August 6, 1889. 

Address the principal, 
Rev. SEWARD M. DODQE.B. A., Santa Rosa, Cal. 


University Avenue, Berkeley, Cal. 


References to parents of pupils who have entered the 
University from this school. Send for circular. 

T. S. BOWENS. B. A., 




Prepares Students for College or for Business, under 
resident Masters of proved ability. The next school year 
will begin July 16, 1S89. IS" Address for Catalogue, 

D. P. SACKETT, Principal, 
No. 529 Hobart St., - - - Oakland, Cal 


Home and Day School, 

Oakland Square, Alice and Tenth Streets, 


MISS L. TRACY, Principal. 

THE SEVENTEENTH YEAR of Miss Tracy's School 
Work in Oakland will begin on Wednesday, July 31, 1889. 


No Vacations. Day and Evening Sbssions. 

Ladies admitted into all Departments. 
Address: T. A. ROBINSON, M. A., President, 



24 POST ST., 8. F. 

College instructs in Shorthand, Type Writing, Book 
seeping. Telegraphy, Penmanship, Drawing, all the En 
glish branches, and everything pertaining to business, 
for six full months. We have sixteen teachers, and give 
individual instruotion to all our pupils. Our school has 
its graduates In every part of tha State. 

B. p. HEALD, President, 

0, S. QALET, Secretary. 

Snell Seminary, 

No. 668 Twelfth Street, 
Near Broadway, OAKLAND. 

A Boarding and Day School for 


O. H. EVANS & CO. 

(Successors to THOMSON & EVANS), 

110 and 112 Beale Street, S. F. 

Steam Pumps, Steam Engines 

Fall Term begins Monday, August 5, 1889. 

Send for Catalogue to 



I Principals. 


(Ralston House) 1222 Pine Street, 





Will re-open July 29, 1889. For particulars apply t 

English and Manual Training School, 


Second year will open on Wednesday, August 7th. 
Day and Boariling-School for boys. Day School for girls. 
Catalogues sent on application to 

P. O. Box 393, Oakland, Oal. 


For Young Ladies and Little Girls. 
7th Ave. and 16th St., EAST OAKLAND, 
Will reopen on Wednesday, July 31, 1889. 


is alongside "1 the counter of a DITSON COMPANY 
MUSIC STORlS. A few hours of a fummer tour 
may be profitably spent in examining our exceptionally 
good new publications, and selecting for thelall campaign 

From our C4-page list of books (which please ask for)i 
we name a few books out of many. 
Examine for Slnglne and Chorus Classes: 

Song Harmony. (60 cts. S8 doz.) Emerson. 

Royal Singer (60 cts. $6 doz.) Emerson. 

America^ Male Choir. (SI or $9 doz.) Tenney. 

Jehovah's Fraise. ($1 or $9 doz.) Emerson. 

Concert Selections. ($1 or $9 doz.) Emerson. 
Or our excellent Cantatas: 

Dairy Maid's Supper. (20 cts. $1.80 doz.) Lewie. 

Rainbow Festival. (20 cts. 81.feO doz.) Lewis. 
Examine Our Superior School Music Books 

Song Manual, Book 1. (30 cts $3 doz.) Emerson. 

Hong Manual, Huok 2. (40c $4.20 doz.) Emerson. 

Song Manual, Book 3. (50c $4 SO do'.) Emerson, 

United Voices. (60 cts. $4.80 doz.) Emerson. 

Kindergarten and Primary Songs. (30c $3 dz. 
Examine Our New Piano Collections. 

Popular Piano Collection. ($1.) 27 peices. 

Popular Dance Music Collection. (SI.) 
And many others. Also 

Popular Song Collection. ($1.) 37 Songs. 

Song Classics. (Sop. $1.) (Alto$l.) 50 Sougs. 

Classic Tenor Songs, ($1.) Baritone Songs, ($1.) 

Any Book Mailed for Retail Price. 


C. H. DITSON & CO.. 
867 Broadway, New York. 



By order of Probate Court, in the matter of the Estate of 

I will sell at private sale to the highest bidder, for cash 
on or after May 1, 18S9, at the Ranch in Irvington, or at 
my office in Oakland, 946 Broadway, Alameda Co., Cal 
the entire ftock of Thoroughbred French Merino Sheep 
consisting of 280 (Two hundred and eighty) Ewes, 79 
(seventy-nine) Bucks, and 180 (one hundred and eighty) 
Lambs. These Sheep are the get of the original flock 
Imported by Robert Blacow of Centerville. Mr. Roberts, 
as foreman, having charge of the flock for several years 
prior to Mr. Blacow's death, after which he became 
the owner of the entire flock, which he has kept purely 
for stock purposes. 

All interested in Thoroughbred Sheep should be famil 
iar with this fl ck, which has become famous under the 
care and management of Mr. Roberts; always receiving 
first premiums, having been sold to Europe, South Amer 
ica and all parts of the United States; individual mem- 
bers having repeatedly sold for from $500 (five hundred) 
to $1500 (fifteen hundred) each. Sheep Men should seize 
this opportunity to secure some, as they must be sold 
to settle up the Estate. Address, JAMEiS STAN 
LEY, Administrator Estate J. Roberts, De 
ceased. Mission San Jose, or 946 Broad 
way, Hoom 17, Oakland, Oal. 




Garibaldi Bulldlnff, 

p. O. Box No. 7. 

▼ UC nnP 1° health, habits and dlseue. All breedi 
inC UUU andtreatmeot; {0eut8;a6o. Ihli office. 

Imlprtinlll?, hfiip?, ttc. 


Horse Powers, 
Windmills, Tanks 

and all kinds of Pump- 
inir Machinery built to 
order. Windmills from 
$65. Horse Powers from 
$50. Send lor Catalogue 
and Price List. 

F. W. KROGH & 
CU., 51 Beale St. 
aan Francisco. 

Lightning Well-Sinking Machinery. 

?rs of llydr.aiilio. Jotting, Revolv- 
. Arlr'-Kih. Miiiiiitr, l>iaiiiond. Tool-^, 
'lls.V I'rospuctuif;-. Eiit/ine.s. Boilei-;*, 
'iiid Jlills, I'liiniis, etc., Sold on 
^ tion, Determination ot Miiit-r- 
nd Qualitvof Wator. 
s Light, finds Gold. 

Mailcii fnr 2.^ cts, 
^Gns Book 2.5 cts. 
The American 
Well Works, 

^LL mm 

|\for all purposes. 

Send 3 Oct.s. for mailing 

catalogues witn 
^yfiill particulars; 



and on hand. Also Traction Engines, heavy and light, 
suitable for plowing. Well drilling a spetialty. 
Ad iress, with stamp, D. J. L-yNOH, 

KelaeyvlUe, Lake Co., Cal. 

The Celebrated H. H. H Liniment. 

The H. H. H. Liniment is for the treatment of 
the Aches and Pains of Humanity, as well as for the ail 
ments of the beasts of the fields. Testimonials from 
importers and breeders of blooded stock prove its won- 
derful curative properties. No man has ever used it for 
an ache or pain and been dissatisfied. 

H. H. MOORE & SONS, Stockton, Cal., Proprietors. 
For Salb by all DanaoisTS. 



Commission Merchants, 

309 and 311 Sansome St., San Francisco, 


Bull Dog brand Bass' Pale Ale and Guin- 
ness Extra Stout. 

Elephant brand Kngllsh Portland Cement. 

Puilmachos Powder and Cement, Inde- 
structible and Infallible. 

Robe & Bro.'s New YorH Lard. 

KornafuU India Tea, Calcutta. 

New Lambton Coals, Newcastle, N. S. W. 

Mexican Phosphate & Hulpbur Co., Super- 
phosphate Fertilizer. 










— AKD — 

General Commission IMercliants, 

810 California St., S. F. 

Members of the San Francisco Produce Exchange 

Impersonal attention given to Sales and Liberal Ad- 
knces made on Consignments at low rates of interest. 


Commission Mercliants 



Green and Dried Fruits, 
Grain, Wool, Hides, Beans and Potatoes. 

Advances made on Consignments. 
308 & 310 Davis St., San Francisco 

[P. O. Box 1936.1 
<9'Conslgn ments Solicited. 


B C- 

' J|LU;ri\ATED.-. 

By F. S. burgh. 


Sixty-four pages, cloth 
bound, containing chapters 
on Milking, Milk Setting, 
Cream Raising, Churning, 
Working, Salting, Packing, 
Shipping and Marketing. 
A Hand Book for the Be- 
ginner. Full of useful in- 
formation and worth many 
times its cost. Price, by 
mail, 30 cents. Address, 
DEWEY & CO , 220 Market 
St., San Francisco, Cal. 




Provisions, Batter, Cheese, Eggs, Honey. Etc, 


320 and 332 Battery St., San Prandeco. 



ArJ Dealers in Fruit, Produce, Poultry, Game, Eggs, 
Hides, Pelts, Tallow, etc., 122 Front St., and 221, 228, 
226 and 227 WaehliigtOD St., San Frandaco. 




501, 503, 505, 507 and 509 Front Street 
and 300 Washington St., S. F. 

General Commission Merchants. 


Poultry, Eggs, Game, Grain, Produce and 

[E8TABLI8HBD 1854.] 




39 Clay Street and 28 Commercial Street 
San Franoisoo, Cal. 

EuQENK J. Grrqory. [Established 1862.] Frank Grkqort. 


Commission Merchants, 


126 and 128 J St., - Sacramento, Cal. 

San Francisco Office, 313 Davis St. 


General Commission IVIercliants 


Butter, Eggs, Cheese, Poultry, Hides, Wool, 
Grain, Etc. 

427 & 429 Front St., San Francisco, Cal. 
References: Pacific Coast S. S. Co. , S. F. 


Commission Merchants, 

Green and Dried Fruit, Produce, Eggs, Etc. 
Consignments solicited. 413, 416 & 417 Washington St., 
San Francisco. 

Fruit and General Commission Merchants 


408 St 410 Davis St., San Francisco 


Commission Merchants. 

All Kinds of Oreen and Dried Fruits. 
oMsnmiuii MiiioiTiD. 834 Davis St.. S. W 


fACIFie I^URAlo f RESS. 

[July 20, 1889 

Market Review. 


San Kran'cisco, July 17, 1889. 

General trade in farm produce the past week con- 
tinued free in fruits and vegetables, but slow in 
grains. The strong holding by fanners causes a 
light movement. It now looks as if a large move- 
ment will only be brought about by an improvement 
in the local market. The Eastern wheat markets 
have fluctuated, as has the English market for fut- 
ures. The following is to-day's cablegram: 

L1VERP001-, July 17.—— Improving. Cali- 
fornia spot lots, 6s iid to 7s 2d; off coast, 3SS 6d; 
just shipped, 35s gd; nearly due, 36s; cargoes oflf 
coast, quiet; on passage, very few bids in market; 
Mark Lane wheat, quiet but steady; French coun- 
try markets, rather worse; weather in England, 

Foreign Grain Review. 
London, July 15. — The Mark Lane Express in its 
review of the British grain trade for the past week, 
says: Crop reports give promise that the yield 
throughout Great Britain will be in e.xcess of the av- 
erage. English wheat is in sellers' favor and prices 
have advanced 6d; foreign wheat and flour firm. At 
Liverpool wheat has risen 2d per cental, and flour 
6d; English barley advanced gd. At to-day's market 
English wheat was still in sellers' favor at a fraction- 
al rise; foreign wheat, dull for Russian; American 
red and white wheats, firm; American flour showed 
a fractional advance; barley, 3d cheaper; corn and 
oats, firm. 

Liverpool Wheat Market. 

The following are the closing prices paid for wheat 
options per ctl. for the past week: 

Julv. AU'^. Sept,. Oct. Nov. Dec. 
Thursday.... "s-ijil 78-2|.l 7s2jd "sW 7a-2d 

Friday Taljd Tsljd Taljd 7-)li Tslld 7sOd 

Saturday... . 78ljd 7Bliid 7»2d 7alid 79l}d 78ld 

Monday 78i i 78liid 79lid 7fllld 7Hld 78Jd 

Tuesday la'.'jJ 783j "sSid TsSd 783d 7»3d 

The following are the prices for California cargoes 
for off coa'At, nearly due and prompt shipments for 
the past week: 

O. C. P. S. N. D. Market 
Thursday... So^Sd 3li^0i 36i0d Easier. 

Friday 3S-9il StNOd 38,0 1 yuiet. 

Saturday 35s9il 36 OJ SCaOd Stronff. 

M inday 35»»d 36<Od 3680d ^low. 

Tuesday 3588d 3ib9d 35s9d Inactive. 

Baatern Qraln Markets. 

The following shows the closing prices of wheat 
in New York for the past week: 

Day. July. Aug. Sept. Oct. Deo. 

Thursday !)4J 842 ■•- 87J 

Friday 85i 84 8» 85i 863 

Saturday 86 84 J 84 84i 

Monday 85 831 gSj ... 86S 

Tuesday 84i 84iS 84; ... 87 

The closing prices lor wheat have been as follows, 
at Chicago lor the past week: 

Day. July. Ausf. Sept. Dec 

Thursaay 7iji 77 77; 78 J 

Friday ..- 76i 7sl 

Saturday ... 75} 77J 

Monday ... 761 Js; 

Tuesday ... 77 783 

New Yoric, July 17. — Wheat— 89c for cash, 87UC 
for July, 8554c for August. 85 J^c for September, 
855^0 for October and iy\ic for December. 


NEVir York, July \-i.—Bradstreet's says: Wool 
cpntinues active and excited m the country, while 
the seaboard markets are strong, rhe demand for 
consumption has been checked a little, some of the 
principal buyers having taken supplies so that they 
are disposed to hold off. The goods trade shows 
some improvement, but is not firm or brisk enough 
to encourage speculation in raw material. Minu- 
facturers as a rule are buying little in advance of 
actual requirements. New wool is arriving in increas- 
ing quantities at New York, Boston and Philadelphia, 
but some descriptions are not abundant. A great 
many consignments are held for higher prices than 
can yet be obtained. That values are not likely to 
decline, all hands agree. 

The Boston wool market continues firm. The 
sales of the past week were 2,582,000 pounds of 
■domestic fleece and 162,000 pounds of foreign. Al- 
though buyers will not stock up, the demands have 
made prices steady. They missed a chance a month 
ago, and anything like the old figure is now snapped 
up. Buyers arriving from Texas report that choice 
wool is well bought up. The prices are: Michigan, 
33 cents; new Ohio, 34 to 36 cents; unw;ished and 
Territory, firm and looking up. California spring 
is also firm and hard to find. Any choice staple of 
twelve months' growth is below 61 cents for fine or 
fine medium. 

At Philadelphia wool is dull but firm. Supplies 
are gradually increasing, but very many consignments 
remain unopened owing to the high limits placed on 
them by interior shippers, which practically withdrew 
them from the market. Offerings are therefore com- 
paratively light. Manufacturers are holding off for 
developments in the goods market. The prices of 
wool are very stiffly maintained. 

Oliicagco Live-stock Market. 

Beeves. Steers. flo^s. Sheep. 

Thursday . .$3.25in 4.15 S $4.2.i(.'4.4i $3 00i(';i.90 

Friday 3 40rt4.:{5 4.26(ffl4.66 3 25«i4.10 

Saturday... 3.3oi<?4.25 8.40(*4.15 4 20(ir».45 3.15i.i4.00 

Monday 3.40(<i4 36 4.25(«4.55 3 25((<4 10 


California Fruits Bast. 

Chicago, July 12. — Porter Bros. Co. sold to- 
day 4 carloads of California fruit at the following 
prices: Pears— Birtlett, $1.75® 2.35. Purple Duane 
plums, 75c@$i.20. German prunes, 70c@$i.o5. 
Peaches, 70c@$i.30. 

Chicago, July 13. — There was sold to-day through 
the Adams & Lewis Auction Company, five carloads 
of pears, peaches, plums, grapes and nectarines. 
Bartlett pears sold at $1.45 to 2.20; peaches, 70c 
to $1.65; German prunes, $1.10 to 1.75; Fontaine- 
bleau grapes, $1 to i.6q; Washington plums, $2; 
nectarines, $1.90; purple Duane plums, $1.15 to 1.40. 
The demand is light 

New York, July 15. — The agents of the Califor- 
nia Fruit Union sold at auction to-day two carloads 
of fruit at the following prices: Bartlett pears, $3.10 
to 2.85; German prunes, $1.90 to $1.80; purple 
Dtiane plums. $2.35 to 1.97; early Crawford peaches, 
$1.30 to 60c. Some of the Bartletts were a little 
decayed and the peaches were in bad condition. 
Another car is announced for sale to-morrow and 
more later in the week. Bartlett pears are selling 
from first hands at $3.25 to 2.75, according to 
quality; large and well-selected fruit is bringing top 
figures. Georgia peaches are very handsome and 
sell w"ll. 

Chicago, July 15. — There was sold to-day 
through the Adams & Lewis Auction Co. , six car- 
loads pears, plums, prunes and peaches. Bartlett 
pears sold at $1.35 to 2.05; Washington plums, $1.35 
to 2.65; purple Duane plums, $1.20 to 1.25; (ierman 
prunes, $1.15 to 2.15; peaches, 8oc to $1.55; Fon- 
tainebleau grapes, $1.35 to $2. 

New York, July is.~E. L. Goodsellsold to day 
at auction for account of the Golden Gate Fruit 
Association, Sacramento, 2 carloads of California 
fruit at the following average prices: Plums — Peach, 
$4.50; Washington, $3.25; Purple Duane, $2.60; 
Bradshaw, $2.10; German prunes, $1.90; Bartlett 
pears, $3; Royal apricots, $1.25. 

Chic;ago, July 15. — R. M. Montgomery & Co. 
sold to-day for account of the Earl Fruit Co. and 
others, 2 carloads of California fruit at tlie following 
prices: Bartlett pears, $i.90@2; German prunes, 
$1.65; Bradshaw plums, in bad order, $ 

Boston, July 15. — Snow & Co. sold to-day i car- 
load of California apricots, in bad order, for ac- 
count of the Golden Gat'; Fruit Association, at an 
aver ige of $1.10 }^ 15-lb. box. 

New York, July 16. — The California Fruit Union 
auctioned a carload of fruit to-day. Two hundred 
boxes of Bartlett pears were sold at $2.80^2.85; 65 
boxes purple Duane plums at $3.10; 285 boxes early 
Crawford peaches at 6oc@$i. 10; 19 boxes FoUen- 
berg plums at $i.2!;@i.3o; 81 boxes German prunes 
at $1,75; 45 boxes Barry plums at $1.75. The pears 
were somewhat undersized. The purple Duane 
p'ums were handsome, but the others were too 
small. The peaches were handsome but consider- 
ably decayed. 

Chicago, July 16. — R. M. Montgomery & Co. 
sold to-day, for account of the Eirl Fruit Company 
and others, three carloads of California fruit at the 
following prices: Bartlett pears, $i.5o@2; German 
prunes, $i.2o(ai,85; purple Duane plums, $I.I5@ 
1.30; apricots, 5sc@f1.05; early Crawford peaches 
(in bad order), 4o@8oc. 


New York, July 15.— In the absence of business 
hops are quoted easy. All bright are held firmly. 
There is some pressure to work off undergrades. 
Four hundred Washington, I5@i6c; later sales, 16 
@iTc; fair to best Washington, i7@20c; other 1888 
Pacific, I2@i7c; State range, i6@22c; all previous 
crops, 3@ IOC. Reports from the northern part of 
the hop-growing section of this State note a consider- 
able increase of vermin on vines, and accounts are 
now beginning to appear somewhat serious. Opera- 
tions are conducted in the same spiritless way as 
heretofore. Stite hops are in very limited demand 
and sacrifices meet with merely fair inquiry. The 
Cooperstown Freeman's 'Journal reports as follows: 
While there is not at present anything specially 
alarming about the appearance of the growing vine, 
no competent person would venture to predict a full 
crop. In most yards the lice are to be found in 
large numbers, and in some the vine is not looking 
very promising. 

New York, July 15. — Honey is firm at an ad- 
vance to 8c. 

Old Limas, $3.60; next crop, $2.28; white beans, 
in a large way, $2, with sales 2500 bags. 

Choice yellow mustard seed is b"tter, 2%@3C. 

Dry hides are selling somewhat ahead of receipts. 
The best have gone back to i6c. Eighty-five hun- 
dred California sold on private terms. 

There will be a heavy exportation of cattle this 
season, and all available steamer room has been 
contracted up to October rst at 7os@82s 6d. 

There is nothing in a general way encouraging 
for canned California fruit, especially with the re- 
ported heavy amount of evaporated to be marketed. 
Still strictly fancy brands will retain former custom. 

California fruit is doing well considering the unu- 
sual competition with Georgia peaches. 

Dried apricots, JZ'Ac. 

There i< little demand for California raisins. Cal- 
ifornia London 2 crown, $1.40®$!. 60. I^ndon 3 
crown, $i.85@$2.20. London 3 crown, $2(«j$2.6o. 

Local Markets. 


BuverSeason. Seller 1889. Buyer 1889. 

H. L. H. L. H. L. 

Thursday... 94 94 773 77} 86} 86 

Friday 92J 76| 76} 85} 843 

Saturday.... 921 92i 851 843 

Monday 77} 77i 86J 85J 

Tuesday 79| 79 871 861 


S. S. R S. B. '89. S.'89 •R'89. 

Thursday ^''^ ••• 

inursaay.... , j^^^ j^gj 

Ih 14»i 137 129J 

'""'^y ( 1 1441 1363 129 

Saturday J >> I37S 1293 

( 1 145 137J 129] 

Monday i*' '^^^ ^'^^ 1^75 

"""""^ 1l 145 137| 1293 137J 

Tuesday i ""^ 

luesoay -j , j^^g 

—•After Aufrust 

B.-\GS — The market for Calcuttas is quotable at 
7^@7Kc. At the former price there are large buy- 
ers. It is said that outside holders are nearly clean- 
ed up, and if there is a continued demand, they will 
be forced into the market. 

BARLEY — New feed barley is offering sparingly. 
Buyers are at times, to meet Call Board requirements, 
compelled to pay extreme quotations. In brewing 
there is a good inquiry for bright and plump. On 
Call, trading in futures has shown more activity, 
with good fluctuations. The following are to-day's 
Call Eioard sales: 

Morning Session: Buyer 1889 — 300 tons, 87 Kc; 
200, 875ic ^ ctl. Afternoon Session: Buyer 1889— 
500 tons, 875^c; 200, SjHc No. i Brewing, buyer 
season— 100 tons, $1.13^; ioo,$i.i3Ji; 600, $1.13 
# ctl. 

BUTTER — The market held strong at our quota- 

tions up to this morning, when there was more 
selling, which caused a weaker tone. Receipts 
show an increase; the bulk coming to hand is of 
medium grade. Among the receipts the past week 
were 256 centals from the Central States. 

CHEESE — Receipts are increasing, causing a 
slight uneasiness among holders. The demand is 
good and in consequence prices are well maintained. 
Three hundred and nineteen centals were received 
the past week from the Central States. 

EGGS — Light receipts have brought about higher 
prices. At the advance the consumption appears to 
be falling off. 

FLOUR— The market has a strong tone, with a 
good home trade reported. 

WHEAT — In the sample market buyers still re- 
port few sellers, and consequently to obtain the 
more urgent requirements an advance has to be paid. 
The markets at the East, and also abroad, have 
fluctuated some. The disengaged tonnage in port 
is increasing. Ljte mail advices from .New York 
report that the latest European cables give the Rus- 
sian shortage at from 60,000.000 to 85,000,000 
Winchester bushels, and the .•\ustria- Hungary short- 
age at from 20,000,000 to 40,000,000 bushels. The 
rye crop on the continent is reported to be short. 
In our market, futures have been quite active under 
free transactions. The following are to-day's Call 
Board sales: 

Morning Session: Seller 1889, new — 100 tons, 
$1.32 K. Buyer season— 300 ions, $1.47 ^ ctl. 
Afternoon Session: Buyer 1889—500 tons, |i.39H; 
I2O0, $i.39"i. Buyer 1889. after August ist — 500 
tons, $1.39^8. Seller 1889, new— 100 tons, $1.32}^; 
300, $1.33; 5co, Si.ssyi. Buyer stason— 100 tons, 
JI.47K ; 300. $i-47M ctl. 


Market Information. 

Produce Receipts. 
Receipts of produce at this port the week 
July i6th, were as follows: 

Flour, qr. sks. . 
Wheal, ctls. . . 
Barley, " . . . 
Rye, '■ ... 
Oats, " ... 
Corn, " ... 
Butter, " . . 

do bxs . . . 
Cheese, ctls . . . 

do bxs . . . 

. . 106,367 
. .221,278 

■• 33.420 
. . 6,815 
• . 2 645 
■ • 1.496 

Eggs, doz 57, 800 

Beans, ctls i,577 

Potatoes, sks 28,033 

Onions, " 4. '76 

Bran, sks 9.491 

B'jckwheat, sks 

Middlings, sks... 
.\lfalfa, " ... 
Chicory, bbls. . 
Broomcorn, bdls. . 

Hops, bis 


Hay, tons 

Straw, " 

Wine, gals 

Brandy, " 

Raisins, bxs 

Honey, cs 

Walnuts, sks 

Flaxseed, sks 

Mustard, sks 










The last copy of the Mr.r/i Lane Express to hand 
reports as follows: Foreign wheat at British mar- 
kets has not changed much in price during the last 
ten days, but the tone, which was weak for a few 
days after Whitsuntide, has since about the middle 
of the month been gradually improving. The ap- 
prehension of a deficiency in the wheat yield of Rus- 
sia is now extended to Hungary, and the prospects 
of Central Europe generally can scarcely be de- 
scribed as favorable. The trade in red wheat has 
been stronger than that in white descriptions, but 
even the latter have been maintained in price, with 
perhaps a little more doing than heretofore. The 
shipments of wheat from Russia having increased 
despite unfavorable crop reports, no advance in 
Russian grain has been actually quotable; Indian 
wheat, with much smaller shipments than usual, has 
been occasionally 6d dearer to buy. 

R. J. Creighton, formerly editor of the Evening 
Post, and now connected with the New Zealand 
mail service, has just returned from New Zealand, 
and reports a larger acreage seeded to wheat in that 
colony and' other Australian colonies than ever be- 
fore. He also says that the weather up to the time 
of his leaving was everything desired to insure a 
large outturn to the acre. 

Harvest advices in this State are still conflicting, 
but the general tenor is confirmatory of an outturn 
of fully 1,500,000 tons. In parts of Fresno and one 
or two other central southern counties there is con- 
siderable smutty wheat. In the northern central 
counties the grade is of the best; but of necessity, 
there is more or less pinched wheat, but not so large 
a percentage as in the past two or three years. 

The market the past week set back under strong 
bear influences combined with lower cross orders on 
Call. The press telegram published yesterday 
(Tuesday) from Europe contains nothing new. The 
poor crops in Central Europe and India was gener- 
ally known some time ago. Indeed, the Rural 
Press in this department has at times given full 
advices regarding them, f^ash buyers in our mar- 
ket have met with much difficulty in supplying their 
wants, except by bidding well up, that is, paying an 
advance on current bids. It is reported that interior 
buyers are in the market for good to choice shipping 
wheat at an advance on the published quotations in 
the daily papers of this city. Farmers are begin- 
ning to make fair deliveries at the warehouses, 
with quite a free warehousing toward the middle of 
next month. 

Barley is very strong for the better grades of new, 
with new No. i feed readily taken at 75c per ctl. 
Brewing grades are also in request. Chevalier bar- 
ley is not offering on the market as yet, and there- 
fore no quotations are obtainable. The total yield 
of the State is less than in 1888, while the surplus of 
old is less and consumption larger. 

Oats are very strong for all grades, at an advance 
on last week's prices. Receipts are only fair. It is 
claimed by some that the crop this year will be less 
than that of 1888, and consequently the upward 
move is based on legitimate trade principles of sup- 
ply and demand. 

Corn continues in light supply, with a s'rong 
market ruling at an advance. 'The demand appears 
free, with holders more confident. 

In rye and buckwheat there is nothing new to re- 


For hay, the market is weaker under freer offer- 
ings and buyers holding off for still lower prices. 
As a rule, large dealers are only tempted to take 
freely by concessions in prices, while large feeders 
do not appear to be disposed to buy heavily, except at 

a lower range of prices. Under the present condition, 
free receipts will cause this market to shade off still 
more, but with a holding back of supplies, prices 
will stiffen. This condition will probably obtain 
until the bulk of the crop is either housed or mar- 

In ground feed, there is no essential change to 
note. The demand is free, with values well main- 
tained. The impression prevails with quite a lirge 
number that prices will improve as the tall months 
draw nearer. 


The weather the past week in this and other coast 
cities has been cool and altogether against the con- 
sumption of fruits. In the interior and up North it 
has been warm, but not hot. Berries, particularly 
strawberries, have ruled at low prices under free re- 
ceipts and a light demand. Canners are in the 
market for strawberries, blackberries and a limited 
quantity of raspberries. Outside of canners the con- 
sumption of strawberries is light, but for blackber- 
ries it is quite free. 

Apricots sell slowly. Some very choice are still 
taken at i K to 2c a lb. , but the bulk of the business 
is done Irom i to iHc. Large quantities, owing 
to the low price, are being dried. 

Peaches are in free rt-ceipt and under strong sell- 
ing broke badly on yesterday. It took something 
very fine to find buyers at over 50c a basket for 
Crawfords on the wharf. At the lower range of 
values canners are operating freely. 

Plums are coming in quite liberally, with the 
quality improving. Prices have a wide range, being 
governed by the receipts and demand. 

Pears are making a better show. Birtlett pears 
find ready custom at good figures. Bjth the trade 
and canners are in the market for them. Good to 
choice of other kinds are in lair request, while poor 
and defective are hard to place. 

Nectarines and figs move off at unchanged prices. 
The former are beginning to work into more general 

Apples, as yet, make a poor showing. The bulk 
of receipts appear to be windfall or otherwise de- 
fective. Choice apples are wanted. 

In dried fruits there is nothing new to report. 
There is a strong bear pressure against new apri- 
cots, evidently done to influence selling at low 
prices. It is claimed that free purchases have been 
made at from 8 to i2;-^c for fair to extra choice sun- 
dried for Eastern shipments. It is said that more 
Iruits will be dried this year than ever before, yet 
buyers do not look for much if any lower prices lor 
good to choice than ruled last season. In our next 
week's report, more attention will be given to the 

Raisins are strong under light stocks and a fair 
demand. Some contracting for next season is re- 
ported, but particulars are withheld. 


The market for bullocks shows a slightly firmer 
tone, particularly for medium siz^d that cut up with- 
out much wastage. The large available supplies, it 
is claimed, is against much of an upward move at 
present. At the East the market is improving. 
Mutton sheep hold steady. Hogs are reported to 
be quite strong. The supply in the country is larg- 
er than at this time last year, but then the consump- 
tion is also larger. Milch cows are inquired for, 
but buyers do not want to pay over $35 to $40 for 
best dairy cows. For family use higher figures are 
obtainable. Id horses the market is without 

The market for dressed cattle is quoted as fol- 
lows [to obtain the price on foot, take off from the 
price for stall-fed one-third to one-half, according to 
the nature of the feed and time fed; and for grass- 
fed take off the price from 40 to 60 per cent|: 

HOGS — On foot, grain fed, 6@6>ic lb.; 
dressed, 9@ioci^Ib. ; soft, 5^ @5^c^^ lb. ; dressed, 
8@9C }0 lb. Stock hogs, s@6c ^ lb. 

BEEF— Stall fed, 6@6^c lb.; grass fed, extra 
SK@6 }^ lb.; first quality, sK@5^c^ lb.: second 
quality 4M@Sc ^ lb.; third quality, 3>i@4Kc iff 
ib. ; bulls and thin cows, 2@3c ^ lb. 

VEAL— Small, 7@9C ^Ib.; large. s'A@7^c. 

MUTTON— Wethers, 5 M@6c ^ lb.; ewes, s@ 
5)ic |?lb. ; lamb, spring, 7'A^S!4c ^ lb. 


Onions have held fairly steady throughout the 
week. The low prices ruling are against free re- 
ceipts, while buyers do not care to operate freely un- 
til the keeping quality is largely improved. 

Potatoes at the close of last week's report left off 
steady, but strong, which soon gave place to a shad- 
ing off in values, with, at the close, a weak tone at 
lower quotations. Receipts are very heavy, with 
buyers offish. 

In garden truck there is nothing of particular in- 
terest to report. Tomatoes are coming in quite 
freely, with a weak tone at the lower prices. Pack- 
ing is in order. Green corn, if choice, commands 
good prices Cucumbers are still weak. Other sea- 
sonable truck is regulated from day to day by the 
supply and demand. 


From the Commeriial tVnvs of July I7lh the fol- 
lowing summary of tonnage movement is compiled: 
1889. 1888. 

On the way to this port 243 539 329 375 

On the way to neighboring ports 26,474 114.382 

In port, disengaged 22,385 26,088 

In port, engiiged for 49.617 41.070 

Totals 342,015 510,915 

To get the carrying capacity, add 60 per cent to 
the registered ions as given above. 

From July ist, '89 to July 9th, the following are the 
exports from this port: 1889. 1888. 

Wheat, ctls 289,124 81,254 

Flour, bbls 45.624 12,287 

Barley, ctls 4.500 2,231 

Poultry has held to strong prices, under moderate 
receipts and a fair demand. 

Honey continues to come forward sparingly. It 
is said that some dealers are using more glucose 
with the extracted than they have heretofore done. 
1 he adulterated article keeps the market for pure 
from advancing much. Quotations for new are as 
follows: White comb, ii@i3c; bright extracted, 

Beans are not quite as active, yet holders express 
confidence in the situation. 

Hops are without change. Buyers talk more dis- 
couragingly, but growers appear, as yet, to be con- 

In wool there is a continued free movement. Re- 

Jdly 20, 1889.] 

f ACIFie I^URAb f RESS, 



7 @ 
B (8 
9 <a> 
12 ra 

n@ 124 



ceipts are falling off, and as assortments lessen, buy- 
ers will gradually drop off. 

Sugar appears to be falling. At the high prices 
the consumption was falling off. 

The principal exports by sea the past week were 
as follows: Wheat, to Cork, 204,744 centals; Hon- 
olulu, 295; Central America, 2122; Liverpool, 64,- 
364. Flour, to Central America, 4769 bbls. ; Pan- 
ama, 953; South America, 1515. Beans, to Hon- 
olulu, 1 1,505 lbs.; Apia, 2140; Central America, 4438; 
Panama, 2071; Victoria, 4146. Barley, 3617 centals. 

Domestic Produce. 

Extra choice in good packages fetch an advance on top 
quotations, while very poor grades stU less than the lower 
quotations. ~ ' ^""^ 


Bayo, ctl 2 50 (a 2 85 

Butter 2 40 (a 2 65 

Pea 2 10 @ 2 35 

Bed 2 35 @ 2 75 

Pink 2 40 C« 2 60 

Large White ... 1 90 @ 2 25 
8mp 11 White .. 2 10 @ 2 35 
Lin'8. . . ... 4 50 (» 5 50 

Fid Peap.Mkeye -@ — 

do new grpen 1 60 ca 2 00 

do NLes — @ — 

South'n * ton.. 75 00 <a% 00 

Northern 80 00 ^o»5 00 


OaUfomia 6 (3 6i 

German 63@ 7 



OaL Poorto fair.tblO @ 

do good to choice 16 ^ 

do Fancy hr'uds 21 (fi 

do pickled 17 ^* 

Eastern in tubs. 14 @ 
do in rolls.... 12>@ 


Cal, new, choice. 9 @ 

do old — (S — 

do fair to good 

new 7 @ Si 


Cal. ranch, doz. 27i@ 

do. store 17 (3 

Eastern, limed.. — @ 
Eastern, fresh . . 15 @ 

Bran, ton 13 ,50 (fbW 00 

Keedraeal 26 00 (828 00 

Gr'd Barley 15 50 ^ei7 50 

Middlings 16 50 (OiXS 50 

Oil Cake Meal. . 30 00 @ — 
Per 100 lt)S. ... 7 50® 
Old not ((uoted. 

Compressed 8 00 (»1 2 00 

Wheat, rer ton. 7 00 igl'i 00 
Wheat and Oats 7 00 CallO .50 

Wild Oats 8 00 (»11 50 

Clover 6 00 (SilO 00 

Cultivated Oats 7 00 @il0 00 

Barley 6 00 ^ 8 00 

Barley and Oats 5 00 7 50 

Alfalfa 5 00 (a 9 00 

Stock Hay 3 BO (fC 6 00 

AlfalfiiC'mprsd 7 00 (6) 8 50 

Straw bale 40 (» 60 

Extra, CityMilla 4 00 (if 4 25 
do Co try Mills 3 85 (<* 4 25 

Superfine 2 50 ^ 3 25 

Barley, feed, ctl. 7n (ef 78} 
do Brewing... 85 @ 95 
do do Choice. . 1 OO @ 1 05 
Chevalier coco — @ — 
do com to good — 6ti — 

Buckwheat 3 00 (» 3 25 

Corn, White.... 1 20 @ 1 30 

Yellow 1 20 St 1 30 

Oats, milling.... 1 175@ 1 2?J 

Choice teed 1 12S@ 1 17i 

do good 1 05 ^ 1 10 

do fair 1 00 @ 1 02!. 

do Gray — & —~ 

Ry» 85 @ 95 

Wheat, milling. 
Gilt edged.... 1 SSiiS) 1 41 J 

do Choice 1 35 (B 1 37» 

do fair to good 1 32J(a 1 333 
Shippiug, cho'ce 1 31}@ 1 33 J 

do good. 1 2- l a 1 30 

do fair I 261@ 1 283 


Wednesday, July 17, 1889 

Red 15 (» 

Silver Skin 50 @ 

NUTS - Jobbing. 
Walnuts, Cal. tt> 5 @ 

do Chile 

Almonds, hd shl. 


Paper shell... 




Filberts 10 @ 

Hickory 5 @ 

Early Rose, 6ks. 65 @ 

Chile 60 @ 

Peerless 90 @ 1 00 

Jersey Blues.... ~ ^ ~ 

River Reds — (S — 

BurbankB 90 @ 1 50 

Cuffey Cove.... — @ — 

■Sweet — @ — 

Tomales — W — 

Swet 2@ 3 


Hens, doz 6 5Q @ 8 50 

Roosters.old.... 6 00 (S 7 00 

do young 7 00 O>10 00 

Broilers 3 00 (3 7 00 

Ducks, tame.... 4 00 @i 6 50 

Geese, pair 1 00 @ 1 50 

doGosUngs... 1 25 @ 1 60 
Tiu-keys, Gobl'r. 18 @ 20 
Turkeys, Hens. . 17 @ 19 
do dressed — (a — 
Pigeons, old . . . 1 .50 (» 2 50 
do young. 1 50 (« 2 00 
Rabbits, doz.... 1 00 (« 1 25 

Kare 1 .50 (a 2 00 

Doves • 75 (.a 1 00 

Manhattan, K) lb 12 @ — 

Cal. Ba<;on, 

Heavy, lb 11 @ — 

Medium llj® — 

Light 12 (8 — 

Ejtra Light.. 13 @ — 

Lard 9 @ 11 

Cal. Sm'k'dBeef 11 (a 12 

Hams, Cal 13 @ 14) 

do Eastern... 14i@ 15 

Salted ... 

Oregon, 1887 .... 

do 1888 .... 
California, 1887 . . 
do 1888.. 

11 @ 

5 @ 

fi (a 

14 0) 

6 01 
14 @ 



Clover, Red 

White 20 & 

Cotton 20 (a 





Millet, German. 

do Common.. 
Mustard, yellow 

do Brown .... 


Ky. Blue Grass. 

2d quality — 
Sweet V. Grass. 

12 ® 

12 (ft 



10 & 
7 @ 



14 @ 
13 @ 

75 I 

Orchard 14 O 16 

6 @ 






Crude, lb 3 O 

ReBoed 6 @ 

SPRING— 1889. 
Hiunboldt aud 


Sac 'to valley 

Free Mountain. 
S Joaquin valley 
do mnuutaiu. 
Cala'v & F'th'Il. 
Oregon Eastern. 

do valley 

So'n Coast, def . . 
So'n Coast, free. 


20 @ 
15 @ 

20 @ 


17 @ 

)5 <a 

13 (8 
20 @ 
II @ 

14 @ 

Fruits and Vegetables. 

Extra choice in 
quotations, while 
Apples, bx, com 
do Choice .... 1 
do E'sfrn, bbl 
Bananas, bunch 1 

Cranberries 7 

Limes, Mex, 4 

do jal. 
Lemons, Cal. bx 2 
do Sicily, box, 7 
do do seedling 3 
Pineapples, doz. 3 
Bl'kberries, cbst 3 
Raspberries cbst 4 
Strawber's chest 3 
do fairtogooil 1 
Gooseberries, lb. 

do choice 
Cherry Plums . . 

per drawer 
Cherries, red, bx 
do blk bx 
do white bx 
Pears, Ch'ce, bx 1 
do fair to good 
Peaches, per bx 
choice. . 
do fair to good 

do poor 

Planus, Ch'ce, lb 
do, fair to good 
Nectarines, box 
Crabapples, box 
Sweetwater, bx 
Figs, black, box 
do white do 

good packages fetch an advance on top 
very poor grades sell less than the lower 

Wednesday, July 17, 1889. 
25 @ 70 Apricots, Cm, lb I® IJ 
00 @ 1 50 do choice lS(a 2 

@ - Currants chest, 3 00 @ 4 25 
£0 @ 3 53 Cautaloupes 
00 (3 8 00 per crate. . . . 1 00 O : 75 
00 @ 5 00 Waterm'l'ns.doz 1 00 (» 2 00 
A^aragus, bx., — @ — 

do choice — (S> — 

do extra bx . . — @ — 

Oltra. dry. lb 5 (a 7 

do Green lb . . 5 (8 10 
do Com lb 8 @ 12J 

00 @ 3 60 
OC @ 8 50 
00 (g 5 00 
00 (a 5 00 
00 @ 4 00 
00 @ 6 00 
00 (a 4 00 
50 (8 2 50 
31@ 5 
6 (a 7 

- @ - 

- Ca - 

- fa - 

- Cf 

1 (a 1 50 

25 @ 90 

Parsnips, ctl. ... 1 OO (a 1 25 

Peppers, dry, lb. 

do green, bx.. 
Squash, Sum- 
mer, l>x... 

6 i_ 
25 @ 

15 (8 35 

doM'r'w-fatto 8 00 @)2 50 

75 @ 
45 @ 
25 & 

Striug beans, lb. 14(a 

do do Wax 2 @ 

Turnips, ctl 50 @ 

Beets, sk 60 (8 

Cabbage, 100 lbs 60 (8 

40 (» 1 00 
25 <S 45 

Carrots, sk 
Green Com. sk. 
do Sweet cr'te 
Green Peas, sk. 
Sweet Peas, lb. . 
.'Vlushrooms. Cul. 

tivated, lb 25 @ 

Wild, lb 10 @ 

25 (a 
25 ca 
25 (« 

Cucumbers bx.. 

50 I Garlic, tb 

50 Tomatoes, rv,,bx 
30 I Egg Plant,bx... 

25 @ 
60 1,8 
1 60 @ 2 00 
75 @ 1 60 
2 @ 3 

25 @ 60 
20 @ 35 

1 @ 2 

26 @ 40 
75 @ 1 25 

Injurious Insects of the Orchard, Vineyard, 
Field, Garden, Conservatory, etc., 


Remedies for their Extermination. 

Late Chief Executive Horticultural Officer of California. 
Illustrated with over 760 wood-cuts and 26 pages of claeal- 
fled illustrations. This book is dcsi^^ned for the use of 
orchardista, vineyardists, farmers and others interested 
in the subjects treated. It is designed to convey practi- 
cal information concerning some of the species of in- 
sects injurious to the industries of cultivators of th'. 
soil, and those interested in earth produce generally. 
Price $4, postpaid. For sale by Dkwkt Co., publish 
era, 320 Market St., San Francisco. 

Beecham's Pills cure Sick-Headache. 


[Furnished for publication in this paper by Nelson Gorom, Sergeant Signal Service Corps U. S. A.] 


July 10-16. 

Wednesday . 


Saturday. . . . 



Tuesday . . . . 



Bed Bluff. 


S. Francisco. 



Los Angeles. 

.. .00 

San Diego. 





Explanation.— CI. for clear; Cy., clou ly; Pr., fair; Fy., foggy; Cm., calm; — indicates too small to measure. Temperature, wind and weather at 12:00 M. (Pacific Standard time) 
with amount of rainfall in the preceding 24 hoiurs. T indicates trace of rainfall. Observations taken at 5 p. M. instead of 12 M. 

California Products at the East. 

Chicago, July 17. — California green fruits are 
steady with prices practically the same as yesterday; 
a fair demand exists. Peaches, 20-lb cases. Craw- 
fords, $i@i.25; apricots, 20-lb cases, $1. 50(^1.75; 
peach plums, 20-lb cases, $i.2S@i.75; do. Purple 
Duane, $1. 25(^1.50; do, Columbia, $1.25(0)1.50; 
German prunes, 20-lb cases, $i.40@i.75; Bartlett 
pears, ^ box, $1.75(3)2.25; Grapes, F'ontainebleau, 
in half crates, $2; Muscat, in half crates, $2.50. 

Oranges — Quiet, and business doing is at about 
previous prices. California fancy mountain fruit, 
^ box, $4.50(^5; Los Angeles Duarte, smutty, $3.50 

Beans — Quiet, and market not possessed of any 
particular firmness. High prices have checked buy- 
ing so that at present there is only from hand-to- 
mouth trade. Offeringi are meager. Lima beans, 
California, ^ lb, 6c. 

California Dried Fruits — New apricots are about 
the only line in which is any business doing. Of 
these several cars have been received and sold, with 
last sales at I2@i2j^c. A fair demand exists. As 
far as can be learned there are no consignments of 
other descriptions en route. There is nothing in old 
fruit, and stocks are pretty well exhausted. Some 
old apricots remain, but they are mainly in cold 
storage and are not at present offered. 

Chicago, July 17. — Porter Bros. Co. sold to- 
day eight carloads of California fruit at the follow- 
ing prices: Pears, Bartlett, $1.90(0)2.40; peaches, 
8oc(i($i.i5; German prunes, $i.iofe2; Plums, pur- 
ple Duane, $1.10(^1.50; Washington, $1.15(^2.55; 
Japan, $1.25) French prunes, $1.35; Fontainebleau 
grapes, $1.25(^1.90. 

Chicago, July 17. — Seven carloads of California 
fruit were sold at auction to-day at the following 
prices: Crawford peaches, 90c@$i.i5; Bartlett 
pears, $2. 15(^2.20. The prices for California fruits 
are ruling lower than last season. 

Boston, July 17. — Two carload of California 
fruit were sold to-day at auction at the following 
orices: Crawford peaches, 5oc(g$; plums, $t.- 
6o@2.35; Bartlett pears, $3.60. 

A " Brilliant " Victory. — The remarkable 
saocess of the Brilliant family of Percheron 
horses at the great annual show recently held 
at La Ferte Bernard, France, may be justly 
characterized as a triumph rarely, if ever, 
equaled in the annals of national show-rings in 
Europe or America. A record of 29 awards out 
of a total of 48 in the stallion rings, and 24 
awards out of 42 in the class for mares and 
fillies gained by direct descendants of the grand 
old horse, is something which affords an uner- 
ring indication of the value of this now famous 
blood; and demonstrates indeed the soundness 
of the judgment which induced Mr. M. W. 
Dunham to give it so prominent a place in his 
world-renowned Oiklawn stud, Wayne, 111. 
No less than 100 sons and daughters of Brilliant 
are now to be seen at this great breeding es- 
tablishment, and the news of this astonishing 
victory from beyond the sea will add value to 
every horse in America carrying his blood. 
The scientific breeding of Percherons has made 
rapid strides since the establishment of the 
stud-book of France, and now that the records, 
blood lines, prize- winnings, etc., of the breed 
are accessible to all, the production of tine 
horses is being brought to a point where it is 
attended with little uncertainty if the signs of 
the times be but half observed. Mr. Dunham 
is to be congratulated od the possession of such 
a phenomenal progenitor of prize stock. — 
Breeders' Gazette. 

Our Agents, 

Our Fbibrds can do much In aid of our paper and (he 

jauso of practical knowledge and science, by asslstlnfc 
Agents In their labors of canvassing, by lending their In- 
fluence and encouraging favors. We Intend to send none 
but worthy men. 

J. C. Hoaq — San Francisco. 

R. G. Bailst— San Francisco. 

W. W. TuROBALDS— Central California. 

Obo. Wilsoh— Sacramento Co. 

Frank S. Chapin— Butte and Plumas Cos. 

E. H. Sciiabfflk— Calaveras and Tuolumne Cos. 

Dr. W. F. Drake — Sonora, Cal. 

Chas. DnoAN — Stanislaus Co. 

A. F. Jbwbtt— Tulare Co. 

Robert M. Mappes— Fresno Co. 

E. L. Richards— San Diego Co. 

JuLBS Baomann— Arizona. 

Chab. F. Blaokburu— Idaho. 

The Pioneer Raisin Co., with a capital 
stock of $100,000 and W. H. Chickering, Philip 
L. Lilienthal, Louis Sloss, Jr., WiUiam Thomas 
and Harry Barnett as incorporators, has filed 
its articles. 

TwENTY-THRKE of the grain elevators on the 
0,-egon Riilway and Navigation Co.'s line have 
been completed, and the terminal one at Port 
land is now being built. 

Inducements to Subscribers. 

To favor subscribers to this paper, and to Induce new 
patrons to try our publication, we will furnish, to those 
who pay fully one year in advance of date, if rrqurstbd 
the following articles (while this notice continues), at the 
very greativ reduced Agures named at the right : 

1. — The Agricultural Features of California, by Prof. 

Hilgard, 138 large pages, illustrated, cloth, with 
colored maps (full price $1) $0.25 

2. — Beauti'ul Poetic Review, entertaining and instruc- 

tive; 35 pages (a handsome and pleasing pres- 
ent) .25 

8. — Dewey's Patent Elastic Binder (cloth -cover), name 

of this paper stamped in gilt 50 

4. — Niles' Stock and Poultry Book for Pacific Coast, 

pamphlet, 120 pages, illustrated 25 

5. — Kendall's Treatise on the Horse and Diseases, 89 

pages, instructive illustrations 05 

6. — To New Subscribers, 12 select back Nos. of the 

Rdral Press, "good as new " Free 

7- — Any of Harper's, Frank Leslie's and most other first- 
class U. S. periodicals, 16 per ct. off regular rates. 

9. — Pacific Coast and Eastern Dailies and Period- 

icals, except special publications, we can usually 
give 10 to IB per cent off advertised retail rates. 

10. — March of Empire, by Mallie Stafford 25 

1 1. — Life Among the Apaches, 322 pages, stiff cloth .25 

12. — $1 worth of choice seeds, to be selected from a list 

of 107 flower and 82 garden seeds, as previously pub- 
lished, or which list we will send on application .25 
14. — Dewey's Pat. Newspaper Fileholder (18 to 36 in.) .25 

15 —European Vines Described, 63 pages 05 

19. — Webster's Dictionary, 634 pages, with 1500 illustra- 
tions; very handy and reliable 50 

23. — Architecture Simplified, 60 pages 05 

24. — Mother Bickerdjke's Life with the Army; patriotic 

and ably written; 166 pp., cloth, $1.00 50 

25. — Ropp's Easy Calculator, cloth, 80 pp 25 

26. — How to Tell the Age of a Horse 05 

27. — Percheron Stud Book — French — bound in 

leather, 192 pages (full price, 83) 1.00 

28. — What Every One Should Know; a cyclopedia of 

valuable information; 610 pp.; cloth; (full price 
$1) 50 

29. — Knitting and Crochet, by Jennie June; 144 pp., 

200 illustrations 25 

30. — Needle Work, by Jennie June; 12 pp., 200 illus- 

trations 25 

31. — Ladies' Fancy Work, by Jennie June; 162 pp., 700 

illustrations 25 

32. — The Way to do Magic; illustrated, 60 pp 10 

33. — The Taxidermist's Manual; illustrated, 64 pp. . .10 

34. — A Dictionary of American Politics; comprising ac- 

counts of political parties, measures and men, and 
explanations of the Constitution, divisions and 
practical workings of the Government, together 
with political phrases, familiar names of persons 
and places, noteworthy sayings, etc., by Everit 
Brown and Albert Strauss. (Full price $1.). . .50 
Note. — The cash must accompany all orders. Address 
his office. No. 220 Market St., S. F. 

In writing correspondence, items of information, or on 
other business, please use a separate sheet. 

Sample copies of this paper mailed free to persons 
thought likely to subscribe. 

Send for free circular describing most of these pre- 
miums, and any further Information desired. 
Inform your neighbors about our offers and papeer 

Invest while Real Estate is Low. 

A. Rare Offer for Small lavestments in 
San Francisco. 

The following property in San Francisco will be sold at 
low rates, exceedingly favorable to purchasers who wish 
to buy for safe and profitable investment. 

In Gift Map No. 3, on the east tide of Shakespeare 
street, between Hope and Isabel streets, lot No. 1441. 
Twenty lots, comprising a whole block, on the south side 
of California avenue, bounded on the other three sides 
by Bradford, Standish and Mayflower streets, Nos. lltO 
to 1209, inclusive. 

In Gift Map No. 4, southeast comer of Islaia Creek 
channel and Chace street, 4 lots, Nos. 19C9, 1970, 1971 
and 1972. Northwest corner of Chace and Freedom 
streets, 5 lots, Noe. 1955, 196B, 1957, 1958 and 1959. 
South side of Napoleon street, east from Bigg street, 2 
lots, Nos. 2527 and 2528. North side of Tulare street, 
east from Bigg street, 2 lots, Nos. 2543 and 2544. 

Also, 2 lots, Nos 82 and 84, Oakland Homestead As- 
sociation, situated near Lake Merritt and on the easterly 
road to Piedmont, near the northwesterly limits of East 
Oakland. They are 50 Icet wide by 100 feet deep, with 
extra land and frontage in one. 

The owners tbemseves offer the above lots to actual 
purchasers at bedrock prices, and believe that no oUier 
property can be bought in the vicinity for immediate 
use or for investment on nearly as favorable terms. 

tS" Apply to or address H, F. D., care of this paper. 

All California Fruit-Growera 

No doubt wish to send to old friends in the Eastern 
States or foreign countries attractive pictures and 
stories of our fruit-growing scenery. In fhe new 
work, California Views in Natural Colors, one can 
now send postpaid for but the price of a single ordi- 
nary photograph a book containing over 80 views 
taken expressly to illustrate this subject, with more 
interesting information about the State than could 
be written in 100 letters. Ask news dealers, or send 
50 cents for one copy or $5 for a dozen, with list of 
addresses, to California View Publishing Co., 12 
Montgomery street, San Francisco. Agents wanted 
all over the United States. Send two-cent stamp 
for elegant circular in colors. Mention this paper. 

Back Filbs of the Pacific FvUEAl Prbss (unbound 
can De had for $2.50 per volume of six months. Per year 
(two volumes) $4. Inserted In Dewey's patent binder, 
GO cents addltlooal per voluBie. 


Our well-known TANKS are made by machinery, from 
the best of materials, and shipped to' all i)arts of the 
country. Each piece numbered. No skill rpquircd in 
setting up. 

Proprietors MECHANICS' MILLS, 
Cor. Mission & Fremont Sts , San Francisco. 








STAB HAMS, Fresh Smoked Here. 


Pure and Unadulterated Lard. 

ASK YOUR DEALER FOR THEM, and if he can't 
supply you, send to 

THOMAS LOUGHRAN, 221-223 Clay St. 


Best Fences and Ciates for all 
pur|)oses. Free Catalogue giving 
full particulars and prices. 

Ask Hardware Dealers, or ad- 
dress, mentioning this paper, 

SEDGWICK BROS. Richmond, Ind. 

A Treatise on the Horse and his Disease. 

By B. J. Kkndali., M. D. 

35 Fine Engravlngrs showing 
the positions and actions of sick 
horses Gives the cause, symp- 
toms and best treatment of dis' 
eases. Has a table giving the 
doses, effects and antidotes of 
all the principal n'cdicincsused 
for the horse, and a few pages 
on the action and uses of me- 
dicines. Rules for telling the 
age of a horse, with a fine en 

graving showing the appearance 

of the teeth at each year. It is printed on fine paper 
and has nearly 100 pages, 7^x6 inches. Price, only 26 
cents, or five for $1, on receipt of which we will send 
by mall to any address. DEWEY A OO.. 

17.0 Uarket St., 8. F. 


successful Poultry and Stock Raising on thePaciflc Coast 
A New Edition, over 100 pages, profusely illustrated with 
handsome, life-like illustrations of the different varieties 
ofPoultry and LIve-Stock. Price, postpaid BO ots. Ad- 
dress PACIFIC RURAL PRESS Office, San Franolsoo, Om 

Niles's new 
manual and 
r e f e r e nee 
book on sub- 
j e c t s con- 
nected with 



[July 20, 1889 

Artificial Silk. — It is said that Mr. Char- 
doDDet haa succeeded in preparing a new artifi- 
cial silk — a silk which bears the same relation 
to the nataral article as celluloid does to ivory. 
Its preparation is somewhat as follows: Cellu- 
lose (cotton or whatever may be available), 
after being treated with a mixture of nitric and 
sulphuric acids in equal proportions, as for the 
making of gun cotton, is dissolved in a mixture 
of alcohol and ether, to which is added some 
perchloride of iron or protochloride of tin and 
tannic acid. The solution thus obtained is 
placed in a vertical vessel terminating in a 
small tube or in a diaphragm pierced with fine 
holes, so that it can run out into a vessel full 
of water slightly acidulated with nitric acid. 
The fine fluid filament which comes out takes 
on immediately a more or lees solid consistency, 
and forms a thread, which can be wound on a 
spool. The thread thus obtained resembles silk 
very closely, and is equally strong and elastic. 
It is not attacked by water, cold or warm, nor 
by the acids and alkalies moderately concen- 
trated. By introducing into the solution color- 
ing materials, one may nbtain threads of any 
desired shade. This artificial silk is said to be 
extremely inflammable — an objection which it 
is hoped to overcome. It is probable that the 
nitric acid can be replaced by some other which 
will render it less combustible. When this 
progress has been realized, we shall have a new 
textile fabric of the greatest importance. — 
N. r. Mail. 

Government Irrigation Work, — Prepar- 
ations for the visit of the Senate Committee on 
Arid Lands to this coast continue. The latest 
official arrival is that of Captain Clarence E. 
Dutton of the Ordnance Department, U. S. A., 
at Washington, who has been appointed Chief 
Eagineer of the survey by Major Powell. 
Capt. Datton is now getting ready to investi- 
gate the subject, and will remain for some 
time in the State, as this division is the last 
one to be formed, and will have to travel over 
the territory to some extent. W. H. Hall is 
the assistant engineer, who has the subject in 
band, and, of course, consultation with him 
will be had before a program is thoroughly de- 
cided on. The divisions that have already been 
formed are situated in the Arkannaw valley. 
Col.; Rio Grande valley, N. M.; Upper Mis- 
souri, Willamette valley; Snake river, Idaho, 
and Carson and Truckee, Nev. In advance of 
the arrival of the Senate body, a printed stat- 
istical guide will be furnished for the benefit of 
the committee. A report is expected to be 
submitted to the local committee by Engineer 
fiall, and the rame laid before the committee 
appointed by Congress. 

Kind Words from a Cotemporary. 

The Susanville Advocate in its 4th of July 
issue, remarks: 

The Pacific Rural Press, the great agricultural 
weekly of the Pacific Coast, has entered upon a new 
volume. It is always finely illustrated and has doni- 
much fine work for this section of the country. .Ml 
farmers should have it. 

Complimentary Samples. 

Persons receiving this paper marked are re- 
quested to examine its contents, terms of sub- 
scription, and give it their own patronage, and, 
as far as practicable, aid in circulating the 
journal, and making its value more widely 
known to others, and extending its influence in 
the cause it faithfully serves. Subscription 
rate, $3.00 a year. Extra copies mailed for 10 
cents, if ordered soon enough. If already s 
subscriber, please show the paper to others. 

Car Building is becoming an important in- 
dustry in Stockton. Orders are received from 
all parts of the Pacific Coast. The work of tlie 
present summer embraces orders from Portland, 
Hpokane Falls, Sacramento, Fresno, etc. Tht 
business is carried on at the Combined Har- 
vester and Agricultural Works, under the im- 
mediate charge of S. W. Elliott. The style ol 
wood turned out is of a superior kind. There 
is no need that our railroad builders should go 
East for their oars. 

Don't Fail to Write. 

Should this paper be received by any subscriber who 
does not want it, or beyond the titne he intends to pay 
for it, let him not fail to write UB direct to stop it. A 
postal card (costing; one cent only) will suffice. We will 
not knowingly send the paper to any one who does not 
wish it, but if it is continued, throujch the failure of the 
subscriber to notify us to discontinue It, or some Irre- 
sponsible party requested to atop it, we shall positively 
demand paymentfor the time It ia sent. Loos OAKBruLLr 


An Itinerant Quack's Work. — A Fresno 
dispatch says that Owens Brothers lost their 
four-year-old trotting stAllion Romeo on the 
4th instant. They paid $1000 for him when a 
yearling and he had recently developed great 
speed. His death is said to be due to the mal- 
practice of a traveling fakir who claimed to be a 
veterinary surgeon, and treated the horse for a 
disease be never had. 



real estate below market rates. HOWE & KIM- 
BALL, 508 California St., S. F. ** 

Cheap Money for Farmers ! 


lartje sums below market rates. S. D. HOVEY, 
318 Pine street, San Francisco. ** 

For a Disordered Liver 

25cts. a Box. 



At Crystal Springs, St. Helena, Cal. 

This delightful Resort offers unrivaled advantatfes to 
Tourists and all classes of Invalids, both foi 
Winter and Summer. It i« situated on the southwestern 
slope of Howell Mountain, 500 feet above and overlooking 
the noted and beautiful Napa Valley, and 2i mill's 
from St. Helena. It is noted for its Pure Water, Dry 
AtmosF'here, Clear and B^my Sunshine. Kven Tempera- 
ture, Mild Breezes, and the absence of hi^'h winds. 


By all known remedial agents is employpd in this Institu- 
tion. With these natural and acquired advantages, pleas- 
ant and desirable surroundings, thorough and judicious 
treatment, and wholei'oine diet, most invalids who avail 
themselves of these agreeable facilities, rapidly recover. 
P-itients have the care of a regularly eraduited Physician 
of experience, who ia -agisted by well-trained and courte- 
ous gtrntleman and ladv assistants. 

All Invalids and Tourists will be courteously re- 
ceived and kindly cared for. For circulars and further 
particulars, address as above. 

Passengers with their baggage taken to the Retreat 
(by Retreat team) fur 50 cents. 

Telephone connections with Retreat 



Four Sizes Made- 

Send for Descrii»tiTe Catalugiie. 


37 MARK ET ST., S- P. 

See Our $2.50 Air Rifle. 

(Nickel Plated), tjhoots Bullets anil Darts. 

Breecn-Loaders rrom S4 to $1CX). 

t^'^ee our job counters of Seond-Hand Guns. Send 6c 
for Catalogue. 

Send 6c stamps for large Catalogue of Guna and 
Hunters' and Anglers' Goods. 

525 Kearny Street, San Francisco, Cal. 


(-,^.220 M ARKET.ST.S.F. , 



526 Call forma Street. 

For the half year ending June .'SO, 18S0, a dividend has 
been declared at the rate of five and one-tenth (5 1-10) 
per cent per annum on Term Deposits, anil four and one- 
quarter (4^ ) per cent per annum on Ordinary Deposits, 
fayable on and after Monday, July 1, ISaO. 

GEO. TOURNT. Secretary. 


V. S. SUBdail Scales. 

Sent on trial. Freight 
paid. Fully Warranted. 

3 TON $35. 

Other sizes proportion- 
ately low. Agents well paid, lUubtratcd Ciitaloguo 
free. Mention this Paper. 

OSSOOS & THOMPSON, BiBgliamton. Z. 

[d i iMiii!!ieiAH;yi!? nsr 

^/I358-I360 MARKET ST. S. F 





— POR— 

Cheapness and Dura, 


Cannot be Torn. Any- 
body can pat It on. 

No CoalTaL No Oilor. 


Cattlemen, Ranchmen 
and Settlers. 


3XO Odllforixla, St.. Sax:l Fx^ctiaolsoo. 



DsiDg tlie Benoit Cormgaled RoUers. 


This Mill has been \a uae on tbla Coast for 8 years, 


Four years in succession, and has met with general favor, 
there now bein^ 

Over 250 of them in use in California, Nevada & Oregon. 

It Is the most economical and durable Keed-Uill in use. I am sole 
manufacturer of the Corrugated Roller Uill. The Mills are all ready to 
mount OD wagons. 

Grainland, Bi TTE Co. Cal., June 9, 1887. 
^fr. M. L. Merij — Dear Sir; We have used one No. 2 
Roller Barley Crusher now for eight years and have used 
it steady during that time; have crushed 46 tons a day 
and the Crusher is as good to-day as when it came out of 
your «hop. I am satisfied that it is the best mill made. 
You may reconstruct this testimonial to the best advan- 
ta^'c for you and sign our names, tor you cannot overrate 
the merits of your mill.. F. F. REAM, 


Durham, May 21, 1887. 
Mr. M. L. Mery—TtSAtL Sir: In reply to yours of the 
li)ih . would say that I crushed from two to two and a 
half tons per hour, hut could crush three and a halt tons 
per hour it my elevators were Urge enough to carry the 
barley from the machine. The No. 1 machine I used at 
Gridlcy was run on a sack a minute, but if we got be- 
hind we could run through five tons an hour, and do 
good work. The machine I use here is a No. 2. 

Yours, WM. M. TAYLOa 

I thank the public for their kind patronage received thus far, and hope tor a continuance of the same. 

M. L. MERY, Chico Iron Works. Chico, Cal. 


The best Mineral Springs on the Pacifle Coast. Cures all cases of Kidney Complaint, Malaria, Dyspepaia and 
Nervous Troubles. St. Vitus Dance cured in from two to three weeks. All Skin Diseases cured in a short time. 
There is hardly a village on the coast but can show some one who has been benefited here after all other means 
have tailed. 

THE CLIMATR IS PERFECT FOR A HEALTH RESORT, and the surroundings are such that all can find 
amusement Trout Streams and Game near the Hotel. Rink, Bowling Alley, Croquet Grounds, and good Music 
for Dancing tor those who come for pleasure. 


With lar;;e shady verandas and other comforts. 

We ar* determined that this place shall be second to none, and we can provide accommodations to suit all, 
from the best to the cheapest. Cottages for Housekeeping furnished with the following articles only, viz. : Stove 
and utensils, Table, Chairs and Bedsteads. 

ROUTES— They can be reached via Hnpland. S. F. & N. P. C. R. W., from San Frnncisoo, Fare $8.00. arriving 
next day at noon, or S. P. R. R. via Sites, Fare $9.00, through same day, arriving at 10:30 v. u. 


N. B. — Ship articles, such as bedding, etc.. by freight, several days ahead, addressed to yourself, Bartlett Spring*, 
via Williams. Store, Express, Post and Telegraph Offices, Stable, Meat Market and Barber Shop on the grounda 

L. E. McMAHAN & SONS, Props. 

G. W. YOUNT, Manager. 

COOK'S SPRINGS, Colusa Co., Cal. 

17 Miles West of Sites. 

The Cook's Spring stage will meet the train at Sites 
Station Tue"days, Thursdays and Saturdays, at 3 r. M., 
arriving,' at Cook's Springs at 7 i'. «. same day. Fare $2..',0. 


Board at Hotel tlO per week. Comfortable Cabins, 
good Camping facilities, Waters celeb ated for cures of 
Rheumatism, Diabetes, Phthisis, Hemorrhage, Gall 
Stones of the Liver, Skin diseases, Bright's disease and 
Drop'y or Rheumatism of the Heart or Stomach. 
It prevents waste of tissue. Springs are in charge of a 
regular physician of long standing who was cured of a 
stubborn disease by the waters and who now solicits 
the hardest chronic ca"es. For analysis of water, refer- 
ences to patients cured and full particulars, address 

Dr. J. P. WELCH, Proprietor. 


Are the Best , 


Durability, Evenness of 
Point, and Workmanship. 

Samples for trial of 12 different styles by mail, aa 
roceii>tuf lO cents in btampa. Ask for card No. i 

IVISON, BUKEMAN & CO., '^Se^^v-ir^^ 

Jolt 20, 1889.] 

f AC! Fie I^URAb PRESS. 


Farmers Dairymen. Stoctmen & Machinists 

Blacksmith's Drill 
iPress, Hand Feed; 
Weight, 66 tt>8. 

CombicatioD Anvil 
and Vise, hardened 
face, finely polished; 
weight, 60 tbs. 

Farmer's Forge, 
No. 6 B, will beat 
l^-ioch iron. 

B la c k smith's 
Hammer and 
Handle, 2 lbs., 
solid cast steel. 

Blacksmith's Hot and Cold Chisel 
1} lbs. each; both solid cast steel. 

Blacksmith's Tongs, Wrought Iron, 18 inches. 

SboeiDg Hammer and Handle; weigh 
9 ounces. 


And we offer this complete 


Which ia hardly half the regular prices, and none can 
afford to be without this sot. Orders by mail promptly 
filled. Address, 

No8. S and 5 Front St., San Francisco 

Patented Mar. 23, 1886. 




This is an apparatus for 
Burning^ Straw and 

And forcing the Smoke and Gases 
down their holes, which kills them. 
Does away with poisoned tvheat 
and all other dangerous methods. 

eW Every one guaranteed or 
money refunded. 

Price, $3.00 

tS'Send for Circular to 


44 S. Spring St., 
Lioa Angeles, Cal. 



Crockett, Contra Costa Co., Cal. 

Stationary Engines and Boilers, 

Portalile Slraw-Bnrfling Boilers'& Engines. 


Machinery of all kinds furnished at shortest notice. 

Heald's Patent Wine-making Machinery, 

including Grape Crushers and Stemmers, Elevators, 
Wine Presses and Pumps, and all appliances used in 
Wine Cellars. Irrigating and Drainage Pumps. Heald's 
Patent Engine Governor, Etc. 


319 & 321 Sansome St., San Francisco. 

One door from Banlc of California. 

The above well-known hotel oflfers superior ac- 
commodatioDS to parties vibiting the city. 
The table is kept at top grade and 
the prices are within the 
reach of all. 

RATES-$1.00, $1.25 and $1.50 per day. 

Free Coacb to and from the Hotel. 

Aninstrumentfor J^^^lSHome treatment 

OOBES All Diseases of the Rectum. New Invention I 
Send 2c for Pamphlet No. 3. Address M. E. T. Co., 
904 Sacramento St.. Sak Fbancisoo, Oxluobnu. 



(Formerly Sec'y & Land Officer of Immigration Asa'n. 

C. H. STREET & CO., 





Send 10 cents for C. H. Street & Co.'s map and description of California and colony lands (74 pages). Land for 
sale in large or small tracts on the coast or in the interior; valley, hill, mountain, open, timber, mineral, or non- 
mineral land, improved or unimproved; with or without irrigation; suitable for stock, dairy, grain, fruit, or gen- 
eral farming; for investment or actual settlement; for cash or on installment; will show Government land. C. H. 
Street & Co., 416 Montgomery St. 


Established 1863. 


French Walnuts, Home-grown Oranges and Roofed Grapevines. 

Illustrated Catalogue and Price List for the season of 1887-88 tree to all sending for them. All Trees, Vines, 
etc., guaranteed free from scale and other injurious pests. A certificate of inspection furnished to all. 
A full line of Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Shrubs, Vines and Hothouse Plants. 

B. O. CLOWES, Proprietor 

(Sucoeseor to W. B. WEST), 

Stockton, Cal. 


460 ACRES. 


From Fresh. Ripe Tahiti Oranges. 

We have just received, per schooner Ivy, a cargo of Fine Ripe Tahiti Oranges and desire to call the attention of 
Nurserymen and all who use this Seed to tliis opportunity to procure it, as this is the only seed fit to plant, as it is 
the only kind that will germinate. It will be packed iu barrels as usual. Please send in your orders early so that 
we can fill them as soon as possible. 

L.. G. SRBSOVICH & GO , 505 and 507 Sansome Street, San Francisco. 



No. 2. 

This powder is the preparation specially 
recommended by Hon. J. De Barth Shorb, 
Viticultural Commissioner, and Prof. Ethel - 
bert Dowlen, Expert employed hy the State 
to investigate tlie mysterious Viae Distase. 
All the powder used by them in their recent 
experiments was the ONGERTH INSECTI- 
CIDE POWDER No. 2, of which about 
20,000 pounds have been shipped to the 
San Gabriel Valley. 

See OfiQclal Report in Rural 
Press April 27, 1889. 

No preparation genuine without this 

Manufactured by the ONGERTH 
210 & 212 Davis St., San Francisco, 
to whom all orders should be addressed. 
Samples and prices submitted on applica. 
tion. Also manufacturers of the Ongertli 
Liquid Tree Protector and Oug^ertli 
Grafting; Compound. 

S. W. Corner Kearny and Montgomery Avenue, San Francisco. 

i^-Pree Coach to and from the House. J, W. BECKER, Proprietor. 


" Greenbank " 98 degrees POWDERED CAUS- 
TIC SODA (tests 99 3-10 per cent) recommended by 
the highest authorities In the State. Also Common 
Caustic Soda and Potash, etc., for sale by 

Manufacturers' Agents, 
104 Market St. and 8 California St.. 8. F. 

$2500 -NURSERY. 


One-half interest in a general Nursery in one nf the 
best counties in the State. 100,000 Peach and Almond 
seedlings can be budded in June. This is a rare chance 
for a permanent and paving investment. Full particu- 
lars on application. Address 

Z. D., Box 2617, San Francisco, Oal. 


Wc I'OBiTivELY CURB all kinds of Rupture 
i> / and Rectal Diseases, no matter of how long 
' ' standing, in from SO to 60 days, without 
the use of knike, drawing BLOoif, or dr- 
TKNTioN FROM I1U81NB88. Terms: No Cure, 
No Pay, and No Pay until Cured. 
If afflicted, come and see us or send stamp 
for pamphlet. Address: 

838 Market Street, - San Francisco. 

J. F. HouoiiTON, President. Chas. R. Storv, Seo'y. 

J. L. N.Siigi-AHD, Vicc-Pres. R.H.MAGU,L,Gen. Agt, 


Xxxsi;i.x-A.zxce ConoLi^/xiiy , 

216 Sansome St., San Francisco. 

OrKiini/.iKl i-. 1864. 

Losses Paid Since Organization 152,841,045 00 

Aoaets, January I, 188'J 843,163 70 

Oapital, Paid up in Gold 300,000 00 

Net Suktlus, over everything 287,531 34 



A mounted, horizontal double-cnder. Size of bale, 
when in the press, 17x -'2x40 inches. Average weight of 
bale, 220 pounds. Capacity, from 16 to 26 tons per day. 
Uses 4 men and works with 2 horses. Khquirrs no 
Trampino. Puts 10 tons or over in a box car. 
Price $1000. 


Size of bale in press, 22x24x46 inches. Average weight 
of bale. 260 pounds. Capacity, from 20 to 35 tons ler 
day. Uses 5 men and works with 1 or 2 horses, at option 
of baler. Requires no Trampino. Uses rope or wire. 
Puts from 7 to 8 tons in a box car. 

Price $1000. 


- (OTONS BOXCAR5600 , 

I MONARCH JR.o«mwpiY8lLis|s30 




Size of bale in press, 22x24x46 inches. Average weight 
of bales, 260 pounds. Capacity, from 15 to 25 tons per 
day. Uses 3 or 4 men, at option of baler. Works with 
1 or 2 horses. Uses rope or wire. Does its own Tramp- 
ing. Puts from 7 to 8 tons in a box c-r. 
Price $500. 


Same principle as Junior Monarch, only fmiUer and 
heavier. Size ol bale, whi n in press, 17x20x40 inches. 
Average weight of bale, 220 pounds. Capacity, from 12 
to 20 tons per day. Reciuires 3 men and 2 hnr-es. Uses 
wire only— rope will not hold. Does its own Tramping. 
Puts 10 tins or over in a box car. 

Price $600. 


Size of bale in press. 24x24x50 inches. Average weight 
of bale, 250 pounds. Capacity, from 10 to 18 tons per 
day. Requires i men and 2 horses. Uses rope or wire. 
Hay has to be tramped into the press. Puts from 5 to 
6i tons iu a box car. 

Price $350 



Size of bale in press, 26x26x50 inches. Average weight 
of bale. 235 pounds. Capacity, from 10 to 15 tons per 
day. Re(|uires 4 men and 2 horses. Uses rope or wire. 
Hay must be tramped in the press. Puts from ii to 6J 
tons in a box car. 

Price $260. 

The above is the finest line of Baling Presses in the 
United States. They are nearly double the capacity of 
those of other makers. 

t^For large, illustrated Catalogue of the same, ad- 
dress the 


San Leandro, Cal. 





T.'S nnn tons capacity, rrp^ nnn 

f *Jf\J\J\J storage at Lowest Rates. « 0,UUU 

Cal. Dry Dock Co., props. , Office, 303 Cal. St. , room 18. 


Manufacturers of all kinds of 


Orape and Berry Baskets. 
Cor. Front and M Sit.. SACRAMENTO. 


are requested to be sure and notify us 
when this paper is not taken from 
... , their office. If not stopped promptly 

(throuRh oversight or other mishap), do us the favor to 
nrite again. 



[Jdly 20, 1889 



Carriages, Buggies, Carts, 

Nos. 201 and 203 MARKET STREET. 

E. E. AMES, Manager. 


Send for Catalogues. 



1, 2, 4, 6 and 8 Horse-power, $150 to $800. 

Feeds itself with oil and water. Perfentlv s^lf-reyulatin^j aofl automatic tliroiitrh- 
out. Operated at full caracity on one-li'ilf gallon oil per hor.-*e-power per hour. Nu en- 
(tincer required. Vourboy of I] years can understand and operate it Full head of 
steam in 10 minutes. Absolutely tafc and positively e.\enipt from all kccidents and 

For Pumplne, RunalnK all Classes of Machinery, and for Pro- 
pelling: Boats, Yachts, Launches. Etc 

Can 1)0 left at work entirely unattended. No smoke, noise, dirt or odor. Fire 
J formed by fine spray of oil and steam mixed, pissing in an intense blast through the 

Will, unassisted, extinautsh their own fires at any steam pressure deeired, and, as 
pressure decreases, reliKht them. 

tS" largo number in use. Send for Kree Catalogue, and addresses of people usinf,' them. 


628 Market Street, San Urancisco. 

Mechanics' Tools and Hardware, Leading Bicycles and Tricycles, 
Workshop Machines by Steam and Foot Power. 


Unequaled for any Class of Work. 



These WhilUetrees are aomething entirely new in construction, the body being Steel Pipe, 
tapering neatly toward the ends; the trimminga are Malleable Iron shrunk firmly to their 
plaoe and never become loose in any climate. 


No. 35 Beale Street, . . - . , 

San Francisco, Oal. 


On account of the death of F. A. Brigcs, Manager of the Pacific Coast 
Branch qf the Amesbury (Mass.) Carriage Factory, the whole stock of fine 
light Carriages, Buggies, Carts, Robes, Harness, Whips, etc., is offered for 
sale at less than cost, to settle the estate. C. CREGO, Administrator. 





Best and Strongest Explosiyes in the WorM. 

As other makers IMITATE our Oiant Powder, ao do they Jndson, by Mana&ctoring 
a second-grade, inferior to Judson, 
BANDMANN, NIELSEN & CO, General Agents, San Francisco. 


The Only Reliable and Efficient Powder 

For Stump and Bank Blasting. From S to 20 
pounds blows any Stump, Tree or Root clear 
out of ground at less cost than grubbing. 
Railroaders and Farmers use no other. 



Warebouse and Wharf at Port Ooata. 


Money advanced on Oraln In Store at lowest possible rates of Interest. 
Full Cargoes of Wheat furnished Shippers at short notice. 

ALSO OBDERS FOB OBAIN BAGS, Agricnltnral Implements, Wagons, Groceries 
and Merchandise of every description sr>licited. 

B. VAN EVERY, Manager. A. M. BELT, Assistant Manager 

Im]iiirter8 and Dealers in 


Hurse and Mule Shoes, Putnam, Olobe and Northwestern Horseshoe Nails, HARDWOOD LUMBER AND WAOON 
MATERIALS, Blacksmitii and CarriaKe Makers' Supplies. 


Specially manufactured for use in Artesian Wells, and tor conveying water charged with Salts and Minerals, Acids, 
Gases or other substances of a ourrosive nature. In buildln^r it takes the pUce of either black or galvanized piping 
for gas, water-waste, etc. Catalogues and testimonials, from largo users in the United Status, sent on applicatiuo. 


If You Want Your Trees Freed 
from San Jose Scale, 

Codlln Moth and any other injurious insect, send to E. I- 
HOTOHINSON, Fresno, Cal., for a bar of the 
I. X. L. Oompound; always ready tor use. Cheapest and 
most effective ever offered to the fruit-growers. No 
grease, no alkalies and no poisons. Keeps rabbit* from 
trees and vines. Sure death to Chiggcrs. Price 50 cents. 
One bar makes 16 gallons of fluid. 



To he rcache<I via Sites or Callatoga by daily stagei 
connecting with trains. Good Hotel. Pleasant Cottage*. 
Five good Mineral Springs The coolest and ijuictest spot 
in the county. Camping facilitiefl. Polite attention, 
heaaonable prices. Old patiooa keep coming every year. 

D. J. STEVENS, Proprietor. 

Vol. XXXVIII.— No. 4. 


( $3 a Year, In Advance. 

I SiNoLE Copies, 10 Cts. 

Late-Keeping Apples. 

It is almost trite to speak of the late-keeping 
qualities of mountain apples, because so many 
allusions have been made to the fact, and yet 
instances are multiplied by those who naturally 
desire to have this peculiar advantage of cer- 
tain fruit districts fully known. We recently 
received from B. M. Lelong, Secretary of the 
State Board of Horticultnre, some excellent ap- 
ples of several varieties which were sent to him 
by S. N. Stranahan, one of the County Horti- 
cultural Commissioners of Nevada county. 
The apples were of course of the crop of 1888, 
and were grown near Relief Hill, at an altitude 
of 45C0 feet. Mr. Stranahan writes that the re- 
gion in which the fruit was grown lies between 
the South and Middle Yuba rivers, and is ap- 
proximately 25 miles long and seven wide, from 
Sweetland to Eureka, and that the scale-bug 
has not yet intruded upon this territory. The 
apples sent were in a most excellent state of pres- 
ervation and would command the top prices in 
the market. 

The region of late-keeping apples is, of course, 
not restricted. It extends along the sides of 
the Sierra Nevada at a proper elevation, from 
the north to the south ends of the State, and 
similar conditions are also found in some parts 
of the Coast Range. Residents in such places 
can easily do as a reader of the Rural living 
two and a half miles east of Beckwith, in Plumas 
county, wrote us he was doing in June, and 
that is eating winter apples, still firm and of 
tine flavor. In the last-mentioned case the va- 
riety was the King of Tompkins County, but 
there are several other varieties which are as 
good, or better, for late keeping. 

American Ipecac. 

Two species of euphorbia share the name 
" wild ipecac." One of these, E. eorollata, was 
illustrated and described in the Rural July 7th 
of last year; the other, E. ipecacuanha, is shown 
on this page, the engraving being a reproduction 
from Dr. Vasey's series of American medicinal 
plants, published by the Department of Af-i- 
culture. This latter species is most often given 
the distinctive appellation "American Ipecac.'' 
Both species are herbaceous perennials. The 
former ranges over the country east of the 
Rocky mountains; the latter is confined to 
sandy woods and shores near the sea coast from 
New Jersey to Florida. According to Dr. 
Vasey's description, the E, ipecacuanha sends up 
numerous slender stems from a thick, irregular 
root, which sometimes penetrates several feet 
in the sand in which it grows. The stems are 
erect or procumbent, smooth, from six inches 
to one foot long, and fork or divide in twos sev- 
eral times. The leaves are very variable in 
size and form, being sometimes narrowly 
linear, sometimes oblong or obovate, and from 
half an inch to an inch and a half long; they 
are opposite, sessile, smooth, and entire. The 
flowers are single, on peduncles an inch or more 
in length, proceeding from the forks or axils. 
In structure the flowers and pods are essen- 
tially the same as those of Euphorbia eorollata, 
already described in the Rural. 

Like all the species of the genus Euphorbia, 
the stems abound in an acrid, milky juice. The 
root is the part which is medicinally employed. 
Its action is similar to that of the offloinal 
ipecac. The engraving shows a transverse sec- 
tion of pod and a seed. 

AMEEICAN IPECAC— Euphorbia Ipecacuanha. 

To Teach Aostralians Agriculture. — The 
Department of Agriculture had a letter, last 
winter, from the chief secretary's office at Bris- 
bane, Queensland, Australia, asking the depart- 
ment to nominate to the Colonial Government a 
suitable person to be appointed instructor in 
agriculture. A late dispatch from Washington 
announces that Sec'y Rusk has nominated Prof. 
Edward M. Shelton of Manhattan, Kas., for 
the position. Prof. Shelton has attained some 
distinction as Director of the Kansas Experi- 
ment Station, especially through the attention 
he has paid to the feeding of live-stock. 

Quarantine Guardians. — The State Board 
of Horticulture has appointed the following 
quarantine guardians in Tulare county, viz.: 
C. M. Stone for the Mussel slough district, I, 
N. Wright for Tulare and Visalia districts, and 
I. H. Thomas for the county at large. 

A REDWOOD tree 28^ feet in diameter has been 
cut down in the Tule River forest, near Frasler's 
mill, Talare oonnty. 

" California ON Wheels" has been rolling 
westward through stormy weather, attracting 
and interesting visitors along its route. It is 
now moving by easy stages through Ohio, with 
the intention of reaching Cincinnati on the 
Slat and remaining there five days. The old 
train is to be in Chicago again the 10th prox. 
Work on the new cars is so well along that 
there is no doubt of their being in Milwaukee 
two or three days before the Grand Army En- 
campment, which convenes there Aug. 27th. 
Many applications for space in the new cars 
have been received from fruit-grower* and 
others, and the board expects that the new ex- 
hibit will far surpass the original. From Mil- 
waukee it will be taken to Buffilo to the In- 
dustrial fair which opens in that city Sept, 12tb. 

Six THOfSAND acres of land at Fort Rupert, 
B. 0., have been bonded by Eistern capital- 
ists, who intend to prospect for coal deposits. 
Coal was discovered at this place in 1848 by 
employes of the Hudson Bay,Company. 

University Experiment Stations. 

About a year ago, largely through the instru- 
mentality of Mr. J. V. Webster, 20 acres of 
land and $2000 were secured for a University 
Experiment Station. The land is situated 
miles from Paso Robles, and consists of four 
distinct soils — a light loam, deep heavy loam, 
heavy adobe, and hog-wallow. 

The citizens raised the $2000 without trouble. 
R. D. Cruikchuk is now the foreman in charge. 
The land, which was previously in oak timber, 
has all been grubbed, worked down, fenced, 
etc., and is nearly all planted. Experiments 
are being made with about 100 varieties of 
vines, as many more of fruits, and a large num- 
ber of ornamental trees, shrubs, etc. The 
buildings, which are of a substantial nature, 
consist of an eight-room house, two store- 
houses, barn, stable, tool-house, etc. This sta- 
tion, which is placed in the midst of a great 
grain and stock country, must in a short time 
have a very decided effect upon the character 
of its industries. 

Another station, as our readers already know, 
is located in Amador county, and is, we notice, 
giving general local satisfaction. The Jackson 
Ledger of last week says: 

With last month ended the first year that our 
Amador Experiment Station has been under the 
University's management. Mr. Geo. Hansen, 
the superintendent, took charge of it on the 
first of November list year, and has therefore 
been eight months in our midst. His manage- 
ment has been, as acknowledged by all, a most 
successful one, favored by a good season. 
Everything is looking well and promises to con- 
tinue so. Since his stay, 550 days of labor 
have been expended upon the place, and a good 
showing made. A total of 1000 different fruit 
trees have been set out, 3000 vines in the vine- 
yard and 6500 in reserve, in about 120 different 
varieties. We are glad to hear that Mr. Han- 
sen receives ample acknowledgment from head- 
quarters, to which the population here adds 
good-will and friendship. He could not re- 
turn better acknowledgment for it than to say 
that his stay up here has been the happiest and 
most successful time in his life. A picnic up 
at the station has been the talk for quite a 
time; but who would not agree with the super- 
intendent when he says that it will be ever so 
much more a pleasant place to visit after the 
improvements carried on at the present are 
done with ? The house is getting more home- 
like through a carpenter's work, and the water 
works, we are glad to hear, are nearing comple- 
tion. This week the turbine will be turning, 
and next week the water in the ditch will be 
turned off again for the third and last time. 
After that nothing will be in the way of ar- 
ranging for a celebration. 

There is also an outlying station in Tulare 
City which is making due progress. Mr. W, 
G. Klee is now in the employ of the University 
as Inspector of Experiment Stations, and will 
prove an efficient help to the director. Prof. 
Hilgard. The forthcoming report of the Uni- 
versity, which will be soon issued, will contain 
ground plans and descriptions of the different 
stations, the plantations which have been 
made, etc., and then more specific information 
will be given than is now available. Prof. 
Hilgard is using his vacation largely in the 
furtherance of the important experiment-sta- 
tion work which he has in hand. 

A CLOUDBURST struck near Clayton, Arizona, 
last week. Two thousand sheep were drowned 
near Mount Doria, with 30 cattle and a herder. 

In the Santa Ynez valley the yield of grain 
in sacks is estimated variously at from 250,000 
to 300,000 centals. 


f> ACIFie I^URAlo f RESS. 

[July 27, 1889 



Correepondenta ue alone lesponalble for their opinions. 

Glimpses in the Southern Counties. 

Editors Press: — Leaving Carpinteria, a beau- 
tiful little valley in the extreme eastern end of 
Santa Barbara county, on the 5th of April, the 
cars soon brought the writer into Ventura coun- 
ty. Ilere the road lies along the bluffs, imme- 
diately adjacent to the ocean, for about 20 
miles. It is an interesting ride. The high 
mountains and the ocean beating against the 
bluffs at high tide make a pretty picture. But 
little farming is done on the line until Ventura 
is passed. Ventura is a pretty town of four or 
five thousand inhabitants. The road runs 
through the lower part of town in proximity to 
the steamer landing. Passing this place we 
traversed many large fields of grain and lands 
used for beans and corn. From the railroad we 
could see far out across the Santa Clara valley 
to where the town of Hueneme lies on the coast, 
15 miles from Ventura. At this point is a lively 
little town soon to be connected by railroad 
with Los Angeles. It has large warehouses 
and enjoys the reputation of exporting more 
grain than any other port south of San Francis- 
co county. 

The next station of importance after leaving 
Ventura is Santa Paula, a place of about a thou- 
sand inhabitants. The pipe line for the oil 
wells, situated near here, passes this town on 
its way to Hueneme, where it runs out upon 
the wharf and empties the oil direct into the 
holds of the steamers prepared for carrying it 
to San Francieco and other places. 

Leaving Santa Paula, the train goes through 
some good farming land and passes several 
small towns and the station of Camulos — made 
famous by the late Mrs. H. H. Jackson as the 
home of " Rimona." Soon the travelers are 
transferred across the line into Los Angeles 
county and reach Saugus, where those going 
north change cars. 

The next town, Newhall, is near the famous 
Pico oil wells, and is the shipping point for 
cattle and grain from theNewhall rancho. Soon 
afterward the long San Fernando tunnel is 
passed through and we emerge into the San 
Fernando valley. At the town of San Fer- 
nando the wheat grown in this large valley is 
shipped. From here to Los Angeles (20 miles) 
are many small towns, the largest being Bur- 
bank, the terminus of the Los Angeles Co. 
railroad, and Pacoima. As we near Los An- 
geles we notice some nicely improved homes 
and pretty orchards. 

From Lis Angeles we set out on the Santa 
Fe for Riverside via San Bernardino, We soon 
passed Garvanza and several other pretty little 
towns, containing nice houses and finely im- 
proved grounds, and there we notice the Ray- 
mond hotel overlooking the surrounding coun- 
try from its eminence. Pasadena is next with 
her 12,000 or 15,000 inhabitants, is a finely im- 
proved town, and ranks high as a center of 
wealth and culture. It is indeed a city of 
magnificent homes. 

From Pasadena we soon reach Lamanda Park 
and Sierra Madre Villa, which are in a pretty 
country. Santa Anita is near Sierra Madre, 
and is a fine ranch, 

Monrovia occupies a beautiful location, and 
looks like a thriving city of two or three thou- 
sand inhabitants. Most all the buildings 
throughout this section indicate that money has 
been spent unsparingly, and the result is many 
elegant homes, and when one reflects that most 
all of these towns have been entirely built 
within the last three or four years, he will 
marvel at the wonderful growth of the country. 

From Monrovia to Duarte, and beyond to 
Azusa the splendid groves of oranges, the qual- 
ity of which has made Duarte famous, greet 
the eye._ From Azusa to San Bernardino are 
many nice little towns around which are or- 
chards and grain-fields and pastures ereen. 
From San Bernardino through Colton to River- 
side the run is quickly made. 

The Riverside orange groves, with the neat, 
tasteful, as well as elegant, homes, are worthy 
objects to visit. Riverside boasts many fine 
busiuess blocks and more are going up, showing 
that the town is solidly prosperous. Thrift is 
everywhere visible, and farmers all over the 
State would do well to observe the ways of the 
Riverside people in the manner of fertilizing 
the soil. They send out over the country for 
miles and buy up barnyard manure and cover 
their fields with it, thus enriching their land 
and getting back the coat of the work and ma- 
terial many-fold. The railroad traffic between 
Riverside and San Bernardino by way of Colton 
is very heavy, seven passenger trains being run 
daily each way between them on the Santa Fe. 
Besides this, the motor railroad between the 
two places does a good business. 

From Riverside we were taken to the foothill 
homes of the Messrs. Lyman, near Alessandro, 
12 miles from Perris, and in plain sight of that 
town, and also the town and lake of San Jacin- 
to. Mr. L. .S. Lyman is, by the way, a cor- 
respondent of the Rural, and we noted the 
presence of the paper and the eagerness with 
which it is read by himself and family. Both 
the Messrs. Lyman are progressive farmers, 
and have great hopes of the future of this sec- 
tion. Through their kindness we were shown 
the manner of obtaining water by tunneling in 
the sides of the mountains, and were taken to 
the San Jaointo hot sulphur springs, where we 

all enjoyed a luxurious bath in these truly fine 
springs, and were shown the limekilns and the 
lake, as well as other points of interest. This 
country has been kept back by land grants, 
but now matters are so arranged that the coun- 
try will be divided up into homes and settled 
up. It is a beautiful sight in the spring to see 
the country with its thousands upon thousands 
of acres of land covered with all kinds of wild- 
flowers. This land is now the home of almost 
countless herds of sheep and cattle with only a 
comparatively small portion cultivated. 

A beautiful mirage was seen in crossing the 
plain toward Perris. It seemed as if a lake 
came into plain sight with ships sailing upon 
its bosom, and buildings and trees clustered 
on its bank. 
Carpinteria. ' L. B. Cadwell. 

Things in Napa County. 

Editors Press The season so far has been 
unprecedentedly cool, and we've had very little 
summer, though the advent of warm weather is 
looked for any day. Yet, notwithstanding the 
cool days, heading is nearly completed and 
thrashing is well along. In no previous season 
have crops been cared for earlier. 

The acreage sown to wheat in Napa county 
this year was smaller than usual. The yield is 
light. The output of barley is not so great as 
was at one time expected, and 

Are somewhat disappointed, both as to yield 
and prices. The time was when grain harvest 
lasted well into the fall months, but it will be so 
no more. 

Considerable hay was cut and yet remains in 
the field, either in the stack or baled, but all 
will be ready for market in a short time. But 
little is being sent to San Francisco, and not 
much is sold in the local market; small lots of 
a good article are selling for $10 per ton, deliv- 
ered. Farmers wish for better prices and com- 
plain of slow-filling purses; but nevertheless 
they are, as a whole, prospering. This is in- 
dicated by improvements of many kinds seen on 
every band. 

Our Cherry Crop 
Was excellent in some portions of the county, 
while in others the yield was shortened by 
early rains. However, the usual excellent 
quality, for which Napa is justly noted, was 
marketed. Several thousand cans were put up 
at our local cannery. Peaches are likewise 
short, probably for the same reason, i. e., the 
coming of driving rains when the trees were in 
blossom. Of prunes, plums, pears and apples 
there will be a liberal supply. Our Bartlett 
pears are always in demand and find ready sale 
long before they ripen. We hear of sales at 2 
and 2^ cents per pound in the orchard. 

Our Cannery, 
Conducted this season by the owner, J, R. Coe, 
is running oh full time, and the output will 
compare favorably with that of any like estab- 
lishment in the State. Several thousand cans 
of apricots have been put up since the cherry 
season ended, and now attention will be given 
to peaches, A large number of boys, girls and 
women find employment here. The subject of 
farm and shop 


Has given our citizens no uneasiness of late 
years. The supply fully equals the demand. 
Far less Chinese help is employed now than in 
years gone by, and this class Is becoming more 
and more unpopular. One of our local manu- 
factories set a good example a year or two ago, 
when the proprietors adopted the plan of dis- 
charging their Chinese help as fast as white 
men and boys could be found to take their 
places. Probably more Chinese are employed 
in vineyard than in any other branch of farm- 
ing here. 

The Grape Harvest 
Will be quite heavy if one may judge from 
present appearances. The season has so far 
progressed that there is no fear of anything 
happening to injure the crop. Never had we a 
season more favorable for a large yield than this. 
No frosts in the spring, no blighting hot 
weather later on. How some of our vineyard 
men will care for their crop is a question, as 
many cellars are now full of wine. This is 
owing to the low prices that have prevailed for 
some time past. As a result of the depression 
of this industry, viticulturists are weeding out 
the poorer varieties of vines and putting in 
their stead those which have been found to 
make the best of wine. C,iuality and not quan- 
tity is now the motto of many, and a very good 
one it is. It might be adopted permanently by 
producers in other departments of the farm. 
An effort to rid the market of much of the poorer 
wines is under way near St. Helena, where 
much of the low-grade article will be distilled. 
There are times of depression in all branches of 
business, and the low prices of the present 
should not discourage farmers. Brighter days 
will surely come, although the waiting time is 
hard on those who are financially in straitened 
circumstances. Both in town and country one 

Many Improvements 

Predominating in the former. In Napa City 
there is great activity in the building line in 
improving streets and in embellishing premises 
generally. This is a progressive town, though 
little bluster is made regarding its onward 
march. Real estate, both in town and outside, 
is held at fair, not exorbitant prices, and it will 
never be lower. The amount of freight sent 

by rail and boat to the metropolis and else- 
where, considerable going to points east of the 
Rockies, is large and ever increasing. This is 
one indication of our growth. 

Summer resorts — quiet country boarding- 
places, where style is dispensed with — are do- 
ing better than ever before. Within easy ac- 
cess of San Francisco, having a superior climate 
and beautiful diversity of scenery, no wonder 
our valley and mountain resorts are popular. 
Why is it there are so few fires on our farms? 
is a question that is often asked. Risks on 
ranch buildings should be among the best, for, 
in this county, certainly, very few farm build- 
ings are burned, and field fires are almost un- 
known. In regard to buildings it seems the 
more strange because few premises are prepared 
with fire-extinguishing apparatus, and once 
under way, flimes would make sad havoc. All 
farm buildings should be furnished with fire- 
extinguishing apparatus. 

We must not omit to mention our coming 

Agricultural Fair, 
Which opens August 12ch and holds to and in- 
cluding the 17th. Last year's success has stim- 
ulated our citizens to redoubled efforts to make 
the coming one of the finest fairs to be held in 
the State this season. Arrangements are per- 
fecting for a grand exhibition of the products of 
our soil, the live-stock of our farms, the handi- 
work of our artisans and the output of our fac- 
tories, A fine speed program has been arranged. 
Several thousand dollars have been offered as 
premiums and the attendance will be large. Our 
grounds are among the best. R. 
Napa, July 13. 1S89. 

cording to quality. The East took consider- 
able, both by rail and sea, while free shipments 
were made to foreign ports. That which was 
sent to England was chiefly Chevalier. The 
light crop of choice or gilt-edged in England and 
Australia caused liberal buying from those two 

The following table gives the shipments hence 
the past season : 


British Columbia 4,592 

Central America 198 

Cork 129 022 

Hawaiian Mandi ]n3,74.S 

Hull ,')2,471 

Leith 54,914 

Liverpool 164,146 

London ... 47,534 

Mexico 1,776 

Melbourne 60,!1.'>7 

Overland 355.522 

Pacific Islands 27 

New York 308,684 

Panama 5 

Sydney 4,798 

Tahiti 4.654 

(She J(iEbE). 



Barley Review and Prospect. 

(Written for the Rural Press by J. R. F.] 
Barley the past season made a poor record 
and lost to holders considerable money. Com- 
mencing the season at fairly low prices, the 
market gradually advanced to the fore part of 
November, when it receded up to February, in 
which month quite an advance was estab- 
lished, only to be followed by receding values 
up to ai^d including the month of June, To- 
ward the last of May and the fore part of June, 
lower prices ruled than were ever before known 
in the history of the trade. The following 
table of prices, compiled from actual sales, 
shows at a glance the varying changes by 
months in the market of No. 1 feed barley : 

Lowest. Highest, Average. 

1883. C'nts. Cents. Cents. 

July 73} SO 77 j 

August 75 SO 78 

September 75 86 79i 

Octobsr 771 85 79J 

November 80 85 82J 

December 77| 83J 8i)3 


Ja.uarv 7(4 «0 78i 

February 77J 86 81 J 

March 76} 8-2t 784 

April 63} 771 69j 

May .^74 70 64 

June 571 

A close analysis of the above shows that the 
market began to improve as soon as harvesting 
of wheat fairly began; and when farmers com- 
menced to make deliveries of cereals and hay, 
there was quite an appreciation in values. 
There was another factor which did much in 
keeping prices up, and that was the dry 
weather up to the middle of November. 
Tne poor pasturage and fears of dry weather 
extended well into December, caused a strong 
market up to the time when rains set in 
on November 15th, with a rainfall of over 
one inch on that day, and as rains con- 
tinued at intervals for eight days afterward, it 
caused holders to let go quite freely. With 
light rains in January, and none whatsoever 
from January 23d to February 15th, which was 
followed by light showers for three days and 
then by clear skies for six days, followed again 
by light showers for three days and then by a 
fortnight of clear skies, the market did better 
the fore part of February under strong holding, 
and buyers were more anxious. With fair rains 
from March 7th to the 12th, followed by heavy 
rains on the 13th, prices broke badly under 
bear raids on Call from which they did not re- 
cover the remainder of the season. With sea- 
sonable rains in the spring giving an assurance 
of a good yield to the acre, the bears on Call 
again made strong raids, and as prices went 
down, capitalists «nd others having money 
placed on barley in warehouses called for more 
security or else to make their advances good by 
selling the grain. This caused a strong selling 
pressure, which was aided still further by find- 
ing that considerable of the barley was full of 
weevil. Buyers naturally took advantage of 
this to beat the market to still lower figures, 
closing the month of May with lower prices 
than ever before recorded in this market. The 
low prices which obtained for oats the last 
half of the season was also against barley by 
causing many to feed it in preference. 

In order to show still more forcibly the low 
prices of last season, I give the following aver- 
ages by season of No. 1 feed barley: 

18S2-S3 *1 25H 

1883-S4 9Ji „ 

lSf4-S5 97 1-10 

lS8fi-86 1 

1SS6-87 1 rOi 


(5H8-89 '^'•'^■^ 

Brewing grades of barley moved in sympathy 
with feed, with the usual average advance ac- 

Total 1,312,743 

For the season of 1887-88 the shipments 
aggregated 694,743 centals, and for 1886-87, 
925,473 centals. The large increase in 1888-89 
yi&a due to England and Australia being large 
buyers. The former country took 385,616 cent- 
als and the latter 65,355 centals. 

As there is quite a difference of opinion as to 
what the consumption in this State is, I give 
the following table of stocks as taken by the 
Produce Exchange, which shows the consumption 
for six months of each of the last three seasons : 

Stock, Stock, 
V'ear. tons. .Month. tons. 

•Jan., 1887 129,612 -July, 1SS7.. 39,926 

Jan., 1888 22C 199 -July, 18>S. lC:i,r2 

•Dec, 1888 264, 3,')2 June, 18:8. .102,631 

*t)n the first day of the month. 

The above shows a monthly consumption the 
last half of each season as follows : 1886-87, 
14,931 tons; 1887-88, 20,504; 1888-89, 16,787. 
In arriving at the consumption it must not be 
forgotten that barley, unlike wheat, is used as 
a feed on farms, and the quantity so held it is 
impossible to even approximate, and does not 
appear in the Produce Exchange reports of 
stocks. That the consumption is increasing, 
there can be no doubt, for there is a large in- 
crease in the number of work animals by reason 
of more farms, vineyards and orchards being 
opened up to cultivation; besides, on many of 
the older farms they are using more work 
horses. Within the past three or four years 
there has been more attention given to the 
feeding by dairymen of ground or rolled barley 
to their cows in conjunction with bran, mid- 
dlings, etc., and with the best of results. This 
has led to its being largely consumed in this 
direction when natural feed or pasture is scarce. 
The heavy rains this spring made plenty of rich 
pasturage, which gave the cows natural feed for 
several months, and consequently not so much 
ground feed was fed, and barley felt it in a 

The outlook for this season, 1889-90, appears 
at this writing to be good. Riilroad grading 
and other work requiring the use of large num- 
bers of horses promises well, while to garner 
the large crops more farm horses will be pat 
into service. Besides this, there is a large in- 
crease in the number of horses in the vineyards 
and orchards, but particularly the former. As 
the cities, towns and other places grow in pop- 
ulation, more horses are used. Naturally the 
consumption of barley depends very much 
upon the pasture and character of our winters, 
and to forecast them is an impossibility. The 
acreage seeded to barley this year is about ten 
per cent less than it was in 1S8S. Notwith- 
standing the falling off in the acreage, there 
was a larger percentage cut for hay than there 
was last year. The low, discouraging prices 
that ruled for barley caused many farmers to 
cut their fields for bay rather than harvest 
them for grain. There is another consideration 
beisdes, viz., the stock of old carried over this 
year was all of from 20,000 to 25,000 tons less 
than that carried over from the season of 1887- 
88 into the season of 1888-89. Harvest returns 
this year average better than in 1888, yet the 
increase, so far as the writer's returns show, 
does not warrant the assertion that the total 
outturn will come up to within five per cent of 
last year's, due to lessened acreage seeded and 
more cut for hay. It is too early to speak 
definitely regarding the outlook for either an 
Eastern or foreign demand, yet many think the 
prospects good for an export movement in the 
bright grades of gilt-edged. 

Smut in Wheat. 

Editors Press : — In your valuable journal of 
last week there appeared a reference, by a cor- 
respondent of the Visalia Delta, to the failure 
of bluestone to prevent smut in wheat. The 
correspondent proceeds to mention several 
reasons why the process might have failed. 
The reasons given are all good and well 
worth observing by every wheat-grower. 
There is one cause, however, which the 
Woodville man did not state that I have 
found more potent than all others put together. 
My experience in farming in California 
dates back 35 years, during all which time 
I have been intimately connected with wheat- 
growing, and I have found this rule to govern 
universally. Smutty seed cannot be so cleansed 
by bluestone as to render it safe for seed. Blue- 
stone will prevent smut in good clean seed— at 
least I have never seen it fail. If the San 
Joaquin farmerahave smut in bluestoned wheat, 
it undoubtedly is the result of sowing smutty 

July 27, 1889.] 



wheat, and they had better beware of commit- 
ting the same mistake in futare. 

I knew a man some years ago who had sotlie 
unsalable wheat on account of a little smut. 
He sowed it, because good clean seed was dear. 
He bluestoned it heavily, of which I was an 
eye-witness, but when the chaff began to fill 
the following harvest, it was found to be two- 
thirds smut. I never sow wheat that has a 
particle of smut in it, and go among my neigh- 
bors who have pure wheat and pay their own 
price for it; then I bluestone it thoroughly, by 
immersion, and thus never grow smutty wheat. 

Yvba City, July t5 18S9. Eceeka 


Taxation of Fruit Trees. 

Editors Press : — An interesting question is 
that of the taxation of fruit trees. I think a 
clear view of the matter may be had if we will 
attentively examine it by the light of common 
sense and common justice. Oar first step will 
be to fling all old musty law decisions into the 
fire. If they are good sense the tire won't hurt 
them. If they are not, the quicker they burn 
the better. 

When we hunt for a starting place for our ex- 
amination, the most just would be to say that 
all men should be taxed in proportion to their 
ability to pay; but our social system has not 
got that far as yet; so we will begin at the 
starting point of the New Constitution, that 
"all property should be taxed in proportion to 
its value." 

Of course this value must be ascertainable — 
must be capable of being put down in dollars 
and cents; capable of being weighed and meas- 
ured; of being bought and sold. It is also plain 
that this value must, in the ordinary course of 
events, exist from one end of the year to the 
other. Because, 1st, State tsxes are for State 
protection throughout an entire year, and it 
would be obviously unfair to tax a dollar's 
worth of property, which exists only for a month 
or a day, as much as a dollar's worth which ex- 
ists through a whole year and demands expen- 
sive protection during that whole year; 2d, a 
value that fluctuates greatly in a few months, 
that, like the straw of a wheat plant, rises from 
nothing and returns to nothing, cannot be put 
in the scales and compared with a value that 
exists permanently; 3d, many things that exist 
for a day only are worth nothing, whereas if 
they existed a year would be invaluable. A 
flood might descend on a farmer's dry field on 
the Ist of March and be gone the next day. 
If it ran the entire season it would have a mar- 
ketable and taxable value, but as the phe- 
nomenon of a day it cannot be assessed. 

There are, then, two broad distinctions be- 
tween grain and trees; between annuals and 
perennials, as to their taxability. Grains and 
vegetables are being planted somewhere in this 
State every month in the year, so there can be 
no day set which would catch them all at any 
given stage of growth and render possible an 
equitable assessment on all growers (I may di 
gress to say that near the end of the dry sea- 
son, say November 1st, would be much the 
more proper time for an assessment). Besides, 
from their fragile nature, they are frequently 
destroyed or injured before maturity, so that 
no two estimates of the value of a crop, if 
made at difi'erent periods, would approximate. 
Hence, there is practically no possibility of as- 
certaining the value of a growing crop of ani- 
mals Drevious to maturity, and hence it cannot 
be assessed for taxation. 

The second distinction is that, as before 
said, the annual exists only during part of the 
year and requires State protection only for that 
part. Perennials live from year to year with- 
out any serious fluctuations in value, except 
their annual growth (which escapes taxation 
for that year). Even an unfavorable season 
that destroys the fruit crop is usually of benefit 
to the trees themselves by giving them a rest. 
These perennials bear a certain average crop, 
and return to their owners a certain average 
profit, which is a matter of common knowl- 
edge, and determines the yalue which these 
trees have in the public estimation, and they 
can be and are bought and sold on this valua- 
tion and without appreciable risk. But the 
crop of fruit on these trees is like a crop of 
grain: it cannot be sold, while immature, for 
anything approaching its real value. 

I conclude, them that perennials are as prop- 
erly subject to taxation as any other property. 
First, because their value exists throughout the 
year, and second, because that value can be 
readily ascertained. 

Crops are those productions, chiefly vegeta- 
ble, which are gathered for food or other use, 
whether once or many times in a year, or once 
in several years. If trees are part of the crop, 
let them be gathered with the crop. If left 
growing, then they are left as being a part of 
that machinery of which the soil and under- 
draios and ditches and irrigation water are 
other parts, whereby it is expected to produce 
other crops, and are just as liable to taxation 
as those other parts. This position cannot be 
successfully impugned. 

To make this a trifle clearer, suppose the op- 
posite principle should be adopted; that as trees, 
like wheat stalks, serve to support and produce 
their fruit, so they have no value apart from 
that fruit, which can be put in the assessor's 
book. Then, if it is a just principle, it can bo 
extended to other things. A dairyman has a 
herd of cows, which he keeps solely and simply 

to make butter. He uses them for no other 
purpose. To be sure, they might make beef. 
To be sure, orange-trees might make good fire- 
wood. Imagine the $37,000 Duchess of Oneida 
made into beef. No, the cows have no value to 
this dairyman, aside from the butter they yield. 
Therefore, according to this principle, they 
should not be taxed. A sheep-owner gathers 
semi-annual crops of wool. The sheep have no 
value to him apart from these crops; therefore, 
they should not be taxed. In fine, the principle 
will not bear extension, and hence is not a true 
principle. Moreover, in this matter it must 
not be forgotten that the crops themselves es- 
cape taxation for the most part. One man 
raises |100 worth of calves and is taxed; an- 
other raises $100 worth of fruit or grain and 
pays nothing. A perfectly equitable system 
of taxation is yet to be devised. 

This is not a question of law or sentiment, 
but of right; and when we have clearly decided 
what is right it is only a question of time for 
that right to crystalize into law. To view it as 
a matter of law simply, is to take a very narrow 
and temporary view of it. 

It does not follow that fiirmers are not rob- 
bed at tax time. As they are fleeced overy other 
day in the year, it would be odd if tax-day were 
an exception. But as long as they are so fool- 
ish as to vote as their party bosses order them — 
voting for lawyers to make laws for them and 
professional office-holders to execute them — I 
say it serves them exactly right. Is is not bet- 
ter to pay taxes on money producing fruit trees 
than on unproductive fences ? 

Shingletown, Oal. W. S. Prossbk. 

Apricots on Myrobolan. 

Editors Press : — As I have seen a state- 
ment made by a nurseryman that " apricots 
will not do well on myrobolan roots," and I 
heard a fruit-grower say that " when they are 
grafted on myrobolan the union is imperfect," I 
wish to know if there is the least foundation 
for either statement. My own observation and 
experience contradict both assertions. 

If there is a better root for apricots meant 
to be planted in wet soils, where neither peach 
nor apricot roots would live, I would like to 
know it, as many nurserymen work all their 
apricots on myrobolan. Sobscriber. 

[To the best of our knowledge the apricot 
does excellently on myrobolan for such soils as 
our subscriber mentions. Mr. Pepper of Pet- 
aluma is a most careful observer, and he pro- 
nounces very strongly on the excellence of the 
apricot on the myrobolan for his region. If 
any one knows anything contrary to this 
opinion, we would like to hear it. — Eds. Press.] 


Treatment of Anthrax. 

The Santa Clara County Veterinary Surgeon, 
Hume Spencer, has filed with the clerk of 
the Board of Supervisors the annexed re- 
port, which we take from the Mercury : 

In obedience to the request of yoar honorable 
body, I submit the following report as the 
measures taken by me to suppress an outbreak 
of anthrax (splenic aponlexy) which occurred 
among the cows of the Enterprise dairy, prop- 
erty of Messrs. Carson & Matthews, located 
on what is known as the Lendrum tract, 
situated a half mile east of the limits of San 

On or about June 15, 1SS9, I was notified by 
Mr. Matthews of the above firm that his dairy 
cows were dying in a mysterious manner, he 
having lost up to that time ten head, two of 
which bad died the night previous. From what 
was stated as to the manner of death, and from 
a knowledge that I possessed of a similar out- 
break a few years since on the same property, I 
was satisfied that the malady was that of 
anthrax. I immediately visited the dairy and 
held an autopsy on one of the subjects that had 
died the night previous, the result of which 
confirmed the opinion that I had arrived at; 
but that there might be no room for doubt in 
the minds of the proprietors. I called in Dr. 
Thomas Bowhill of San Francisco, whose 
long experience with Dr. Billings of the 
Bureau of Animal Industry, and whose thor- 
ough knowledge of the use of the microscope so 
eminently fit him for the position he now holds 
in tbat department. 

After making a minute examination of the 
animal, we placed a portion of the contents of 
the spleen under the microscope and the 
"bacillus anthracis " were discernible in large 
numbers, confirming the diagnosis that I had 
made of splenic apoplexy, one of the most viru- 
lent forms of anthrax. 

My duty then being plain, I made a careful 
inspection of the remainder of the herd, con- 
sisting of 75 head of cattle, isolating all that 
showed any elevation of temperature or mani- 
festation of ill-health in any manner. The en- 
tire herd was then treated with medical agents 
of an antiseptic nature as a precautionary 

The carcasses of those which had died were 
buried in quick-lime; the corrals were scraped, 
the manure burned, the buildings and stanch- 
ions, fencings and like structures were white- 
washed thoroughly, each barrel of whitewash 
containing a sufficient quantity of carbolic acid 

and bichloride of mercury to make it thoroughly 
antiseptic. The floors of the milking-shed were 
pried up and the ground underneath saturated 
with a solution of bichloride of mercury and 
sulphate of iron. A pond of stagnant water, 
covering an area of two acres, where the herd 
had been in the habit of watering, was fenced 
off, new watering-troughs containing pure 
artesian water being provided in its stead. 
These sanitary precautions have proved very 
satisfactory, inasmuch as 30 days have now 
passed since the last animal died without any 
recurrence of the malady. 

(She jStock 'Y^af^d. 

Phil Thrifton's Notes. 

Editors Press: — It would be a matter of no 
small interest to farmers and live-stock breed- 
ers if the Department of Agriculture at Wash- 
ington, in its efforts to increase the value of its 
monthly and annual reports, would recognize 
the fact that live-stock breeding has undergone 
a great change in the last 20 years. The found- 
ing within this time of 40 or more live-stock 
associations, each publishing pedigree records 
of the breed to which it is specially devoted, 
attests the wonderful advance in the breeding 
and dissemination of pure-bred stock throughout 
the country. 

Public records of breeding stock are no longer 
looked upon as experiments. In the mind of 
the Intelligent breeder, and before the law, 
they have a place and value as fixed as is the 
title to ownership in the animal itself. 

What will wheat be worth at thrashing-time, 
and is it advisable that we sow more, or that 
we sow less than usual next fall ? The informa- 
tion gathered and analyzed by the Department 
of Agriculture and given us from month to 
month is intended to help determine such ques- 
tions, and we are disposed to rely on the con- 
clusions reached by the Department. 

We recently sold several good horses from 
the farm and have been thinking of replacing 
them with as many brood mares. The 
Percheron and Clydesdale breeders tell us there 
is no danger of the heavy draft-horse business 
ever being overdone here. The Cleveland Bay 
breeders assure us of a great future demand 
for coach horses, and breeders of trotting, pac- 
ing and running horses each insists that his re- 
spective favorites are at the front or rapidly 
coming there, and that we will have made a 
mistake if we »tock up with other than what 
they recommend. 

We turn to the Department of Agriculture. 
Its stores of information throw no light on the 
future of horse-breeding. It tells not which 
breeds have been or now are in the greatest de- 
mand, nor does it even approximate the num- 
ber of pure bred horses in the country. The 
time was when carefully gathered statistics 
showing annually the number of horses and 
cattle of different ages, as well as of sheep and 
swine in each State, was all we could expect. 
Values were then based on age, the animal be- 
ing near or remote from its highest value for 
use or for market, according to its age. 

The breeding and rearing of live-stock on the 
farm is in many respects quite different now 
from what it was some years ago, and it seems 
fitting that a corresponding change should be 
made in the series of questions given out by the 
Department of Agriculture for its correspond- 
ents to answer. 

I will venture to say it would be of greater 
interest to hundreds of breeders and farmers to 
know, for example, the number of pure-bred 
sires of a given breed, used in a given territory 
or in the State at large, than to know the 
whole number of horses, cattle, hogs and sheep 
grown during the year in the same locality, 
Phil Thrifton. 

The Country's Cattle. 

Richard Johnson, of the Bureau of Animal 
Industry, gave the following to a St. Louis 
reporter: "I have for the past three months 
been traveling through the cattle districts with 
the object of ascertaining what the condition of 
range and farm cattle now is, and what im- 
provements have been made in the grade of 
stock on ranges. On the whole, the result of 
my examinations is decidedly satisfactory, and 
the reports of two other agents of the bureau 
will be of the same character. 

" In some sections it is not to be denied that 
the grade of cattle has deteriorated in a 
marked degree. This is especially true of the 
extreme Northwest and of farms east of the 
Missouri river. Four or five years ago what 
are known as Oregon cattle, though they 
are by no means confined to the State of 
Oregon, were by all odds the best to be found 
on the range. To-day half-breeds are in 
the majority. The beef produced is not nearly 
so fine, and the average weight of cattle has 
fallen off nearly 100 pounds. 

"One fact has been proved beyofld doubt, 
and that is that neither in cold nor dry sec- 
tions of the country should Durhams be intro- 
duced. On farms in the agriculture belts of 
Minnesota, Dakota and Western Missouri 
farmers are still aiming to reduce rather than 
increase their holdings. The low price of cat- 
tle has made the industry unremunerative, and 
breeders are selling off their cows and steers 
an<l replacing them with horses. 

" An encouraging change, and one which 
more than compensates for any loss in the 
other direction, has caken place in the 

Southwest. The Texas long horn, a 
sinewy animal, is being rapidly replaced 
cross between the Durham and the Devon, a,.,-. 
the average weight of cattle there is greater by 
more than 100 pounds than it ever was before." 


Mr. Leib on the Prune Situation at 
the East. 

In a conversation with a representative of 
the San Jose Mercury on July 6th, S. F. Leib, 
who has just returned from an extensive tour 
in the East, said that he is largely interested in 
the prune market and investigated that very 
thoroughly while in New York. He said: " I 
found that nothing is doing in the prune mar- 
ket just now, and that the ontlook is not very 
promising. My agents told me that the agents 
of the French prune-growers were prepared to 
cut prices to meet the market and undersell the 
California growers, however cheaply the latter 
were able to sell. France has a magnificent 
crop of prunes this season, and they are re- 
solved to sell it. They will have to pay a duty 
of a cent a pound on all prunes sent into the 
American market, but they are able to do this 
and still compete with us owing to the faot that 
they are almost as near the New York market 
as we are, and have the benefit of water com- 
munication while our goods have to go over- 
land. By reason of this my agents informed 
me that the foreign prunes can be placed in 
bond in New York at from 4^ to 4| cents a 
pound for the four sizes. The French have 
already fixed those prices for the coming sea- 

" What do you mean by the four sizes? " 
" Prunes for market purposes are divided ac> 
cording as they run, 60, 70, 80, or 90 to the 
pound. The largest prunes, of course, bring 
the best price. 'This fashion of marketing them 
is the same as is used in France. The four 
sizes specified will comprise nearly all the fruit 
in an orchard, and serves as the standard when 
selling the crop. When the four sizes are sold, 
as such, it means an equal amount of each size, 
" But to return to our figures. To the cost 
of the prunes in bond there must be added the 
tirifi of one cent a pound, making the cost of 
French prunes in New York from 5^ to 5^ cents 
a pound. These figures are for prunes stiipped 
in boxes. I made inquiries in regard to this 
form of shipment, because I had been shipping 
in tin and was not posted on the box trade. 

"This is what the French prune-grower can 
do and is willing to do. Since my return home 
I have made inquiries of one of our leading 
packers here to find out at what price we can 
put California prunes on the market in the 
East in boxes similar to the French. He told 
me that if the drier pays one cent a pound for 
green prunes here, they cannot be laid down in 
the East for less than 6 18-100 cents a pound. 
This is the calculation made by an experienced 
man after close figuring. You see the freight 
rates are against us and more than counter-bal- 
ances the tariff." 

" Is there any probability of getting lower 
rates to the East?" 

" We cannot expect the roads to give us 
much lower rates so long as they are hampered 
by the Interstate Commerce law, with its dis- 
astrous (to us Californiana) long and short haul 
clause. We must either get the tariff raised so 
as to shut out foreign cheap-labor competition, 
and we must also try and induce the Interstate 
Commerce Commission to suspend the long and 
short haul clause in favor of this coast, as they 
have the right to do. 

" I went to see Judge Cooley, chairman of 
the commission, while in the East, and had a 
talk with him on this very subject. I urged 
him to come to this coast and study the ques- 
tion from this end of the line. He has prom- 
ised to do so. He will probably be here in 
August, and, as he is a friend of mine of 20 
years ago, he will be my guest during his stay 
in San Jose. He will come here specially to 
study the effect of the long and short haul 
clause on our industries in California; and I 
hope that all of our shippers and packers will 
meet him when he is here, so as to enable him 
to get as much information as possible on the 

"Is there not some superiority of size and 
flavor, or methods of packing which will give 
the California prune a preference in the mar- 
kets of this country ? " 

" There is a difference of flavor, of course, 
but that is a matter of taste, and while some 
might prefer our fruit, others would prefer 
that of the foreign prunes. As for the packing, 
they do it better than we do. Labor in France 
can be had for 40 cents a day, for skilled work, 
as one of the large French packers himself told 
me. This enables them to do a great deal more 
hand work and manipulation than we can af- 
ford to do here. The cheapness of labor gives 
them an advantage which we cannot compete 
with in this regard. In short, as long as the 
tariff is as low as at present, and the Interstate 
law virtually prevents us getting the very 
cheapest transcontinental freight rates that 
might otherwise be possible, we cannot com- 
pete with France. Bosnia and Servia, when 
they have abundant crops, cheap labor and 
freight across the ocean, will always enable 
them to undersell us and to drive us out of the 
market if we ask too high a prioe for our 



[July 27, 1889 


Further Orange Beading. 

In our Rural Press Oflicial Grange Edition, issued 
every week, will be lound a good deal additional to 
this department, ol interest and importance to Pa- 
trons of Hushandry. Auysuljscrlbercan change free 
to that edition, who wishes to. 

Questions to Consider. 

Rational interchange of thought and ex- 
perience should be one of the dearest privi- 
leges of the Grange and the Granger. To 
meet, to take up some subject for discussion 
in which all are interested, and to ascertain 
the exact truth about it as far as possible, 
cannot be excelled for usefulness and rarely 
fails to aflbrd a very pleasant amusement. 

An elevated courtesy and good manners 
should mark every stage of such proceed- 

Parliamentary rules should be strictly ob- 
served and taught as a part of the purpose. 
These meetings should prepare the Granger 
for the Legislature. 

Sectarian religion should be religiously 
excluded, and all remarks promptly sup- 
pressed that tend in that direction ; though 
religious questions with no sectarian aspect 
might be debated. 

Id like manner all party politics should 
be shut out, though great political principles 
and policies might often be entertained, as 
the land, the money, tariff and prohibition. 

No man needs more than the Granger to 
be posted on political facts and theories ; no 
man is likely to be more affected by good 
or bad government. He should always be 
able to come to the polls an intelligent 
patriot, voting for the best measures for him- 
self and his country. He, of all men, wantis 
honest and wise rule. 

If there be loss, plunder, dishonor, con- 
fusion or disorder, he will suffer. A part of 
the cost, at least, will fall on him. 

If there be extravagance, fraud, waste, 
needless and useless outlay, it will never 
come to him. He will never be a sharer in 
the wages of crookedness. 

Hence it is his plain duty to himself to 
demand plainness, economy and square prac- 
tical work in every department of state. 

The Granger of California has found the 
bedrock, as it were, in prices for his prod- 
uces. He makes more than the home market 
can consume. He has to go elsewhere to 
sell his goods — East, to Europe and other 
lands. He cannot fix prices. lie meets the 
world in England with his wheat. No tariff, 
no device, can help him there. He must 
pay all charges and meet all comers on that 
common ground. 

And prices at home have no regard for 
the days of '49. They are those of Liver- 
pool, less the cost of getting there. Wages, 
rents, interest are all down to that basis. 
What a change ! Flour in 1854, $20 a bar- 
rel ; the laborer at $5 a day had to work 
four days for a barrel of flour. The high 
official with his $5000 a year could buy only 
250 barrels. 

Now the same flour is $5 a barrel. Your 
ofiScial gets 1000 barrels for his salary, four 
times as much ; the mechanic, at $5 a day, 
gets a full barrel; the laborer, at $2,50, 
takes half a barrel. Now this flour is your 
coin. Your workers get their board and a 
barrel of flour in five days. You, if you 
attend to business, do not count on more 
than $1000 a year above the interest on your 
capital. That is, 200 barrels of flour. 

But when the Legislature meets, it votes 
the old figures of '49 for officials. A mere 
clerk, with no responsibility, takes his $2100 
a year, and others go up to $5000 and $8000. 

It is a serious question for the Granger, 
whether the time has not come for public 
servants to stoop to the same conditions as 
himself, and accept the wages of '89 as the 
Grangers do. 

There is an impolicy in any man voting 
to others twice as much as he can make 
himself, unless men of very excellent parts 
are needed to earn the money. 

A good question would be, are our public 
salaries just and advantageous to the whole 
people ? 

Johnson county, Kansas, is the banner 
Grange county in the State. It has a $30,- 
000 co-operative store, an $8000 bank with 
capital stock of $75,000. Over 1200 Pa- 
trons back up these institutions. The sub- 
ordinate Granges are progressing. 

Through the kindness of Sister Train, 
we have received a copy of the Proceedings 
of the Oregon State Grange. 

Illinois has organized and reorganized 
together 31 Granges in the last six months, 
and expects to add 75 to their list by Dec. 1, 

The Southern Field, 

The recent revival of Oranges in San Luii 
Obispo and Monterey counties calls to mind 
the possibility of further success in reorganiza- 
tion In the southern counties. At one time 
Southern California was well represented in the 
Grange roll. There were IS Oranges in Los 
Angeles, 8 in Kern, 7 in San Oiego, 6 in Ven- 
tura, 4 in Santa Barbara, and 8 in San Bernar- 
dino counties. 

The coming of the National Orange to Cali- 
fornia should be a strong inducement to these 
Oranges to reorganize. This event will prob- 
ably happen but once in a lifetime, and the 
southern part of the State should be in some 
way represented at the gathering. 

We have had some hopes that Poway Grange, 
San Diego county, would liven up and shine 
like a beacon light on our southern border. The 
live farmers in that section should take this 
matter in hand and not give up until a sub- 
stantial organization has been effected. Na- 
tional Ranch Grange, in the same county, was 
the last Grange in Southern California to be- 
come dormant. It was organized in 1874, and 
continued in existence until 1886. Poway 
Orange was organized in 1874, and last paid 
dues in 1878. 

We will do all in our power to assist in the 
reorganization of anv of these dormant Granges. 
We have in this ollice a list of the charter 
members of every Orange in the State, and will 
forward the list of any Orange upon applica- 
tion. This would be a great help in getting 
track of the original promoters of the organiza- 
tion. If some energetic farmer would interest 
himself in the matter, and after obtaining the 
necessary information as to charter members, 
etc., would make a personal canvass among the 
agriculturists of his neighborhood, we have no 
dotlbt he would be successful in establishing a 
permanent subordinate Orange, The benefits 
to be obtained by membership in the Orange 
are too numerous to mention in this article, 
but we will state that many National and State 
reforms have been brought about by the com 
bined efforts of the farmers organized in this 

We invite correspondence on this subject 
from all interested in the welfare and advance- 
ment of the farming interests. A, T, Dewey, 
Secretarv of the State Orange, will be pleased 
to answer all inquiries, and will forward such 
printed matter on the subject as is in his pos- 

The State Orange meets at Sacramento in 
October, and the National Orange will 
probably meet at the same place in Novem- 
ber. It would be advantageous to effect or- 
ganization previous to these meetings, so as to 
be in a position to participate in their delibera- 
tions. In reorganizing a Orange, any number 
of old members may combine with new mem- 
bers, 80 that the total number is I'.i or over. 
Old members pay $1 for men and .50 cents for 
women, and new members pay $3 for men and 
$1 for women. 

We append the names of the former Oranges 
of Southern California, with the Master and 
Secretary, and postotiioe address of the latter. 
In Los Angeles county they were at follows : 

Alliance—]. D. Durfee, M. ; J. W. Mansfield, 
Sec, El Monte. 
Azusa — W. W. Maxey, M. ; J. C. Preston, Sec, 

K\ Monte. 

Compton — J. J. Norton, M.; T. V, Kimble, Sec, 

El Monte— J. T. Gordon, M.; A. H, Hoyt, Sec, 
El Monte. 

Enterprise — T, E. Alexander, M.; Mrs. Alexan- 
der. Sec, Los Angeles. 

Eureka — C. Burdick, M. ; P. C. Tonner, Sec, 

Fairview — E. Evey, M.; J. M. Guinn, Sec, Ana- 

Florence — Philip How, M. ; H. Ramsey, Sec, 
Los Angeles. 

Fruitland- N, O. Stafford, M.; L. H, Collins. 
Sec, Santa .Ana. 

Los Angeles — T. A. Garey, M. ; S. A. Waldron, 
Sec, Los Angeles. 

Los Xietos— F. B. Grandin, M.; W. S. Reavis, 
Sec, Los N'ietos. 

New River — W. Newton, M.;S. G. Baker, Sec, 
Los N'ietos. 

Orange— J. Beach, M.; L. J. Lockhart, Sec, 

Silver — H. L. Montgomery, M.; W. ]'. McDon- 
ald, Sec, Los Nietos. 

Spadra— A, P. Currier, M.; Jos. Wright, Sec, 

Vineland— A. B. Hayward, M. ; R. L. Freeman, 
Sec, Tustin City. 

Westminster— M. B. Craig, M. ; W. F. Poor, Sec. , 

The Granges of Kern oonnty were as follows: 

Bakersfield— J, R. Riley, M. ; P. D. Jewett, Sec. , 

Cummings Valley- G. Thompson, M.; T. Yates, 
Sec, Tehachipi. 

Linn's Valley— S. W. Woody, M.; S. E. Reed, 
Sec, Glennville. 

New River— W. Norton, M.; L. G, Baker, Sec, 

Panama— H. D. Robb, M.; J. F. Gordon, Sec, 

Rising Star — C. Valpey, M.; J. W. Craycroft, 
Sec, Panoche. 

Tehachipi — J. Norboe, M.; J. Prewett, Sec, 

Weldon — J. B. Bartz, M.; James Swan, Sec, 

San Diego county had seven Granges, as fol- 

Balena— C. O. Tucker, M. ; Mrs. C. O. Tucker, 

Bear Valley— W. H. H. Dinwiddle, M.; C. H. 
Mosely, Sec , Bear Valley. 

San Bernardo— Z. Sikes, M.; T. Duncan, Sec, 
San Bernardo. 

San Luis Rey— M. E. Ormsby, M. ; L. J, Crom- 
bie, Sec, San I^uis Rey. 

San Jacinto— T. D. Henry, M. ; Mrs. M. Collins, 
Sec. San Jacinto. 

National Ranch — F. A. Kimball, M. ; S. T. 
Blackmore, Sec, National Ranch. 

Poway — J. F. Chapin, M. ; E. D. Frank, Sec, 

Ventura county had six Oranges, as follows: 

Ojai — C. E. Soule, M. ; I. Hobart, Sec, Nord- 

Pleasant Valley— W. P. Ramsener, M,; W. O. 
Wood, Sec, Pleasant Valley. 

San Pedro— W. H. Vineyard, M.; D. D. De 
Nure, Sec, Hueneme. 

Saticoy — Milton Wasson, M.; Miss A. Baker, 
Sec, Saticoy. 

Sesipe — S. A. Gaiberson, M.; T. Marple, Sec, 
.San Buenaventura. 

Ventura— J. Willett, M.; C. Preble, Sec, San 

The four Oranges in Santa Barbara county 
were as follows: 

Carpinteria— S. H. Olmstead, M.; Henry Fish, 
Sec, Carpinteria. 

Confidence— A. Copeland, M.; J. T. Austin, Sec, 

Santa Barbara— O. L. Abbott, M. ; V. F. Russell, 
Sec. .Santa Barbara. 

Santa Maria — S G. Lockwood, M.; S. J. Nichol- 
son, .Sec, Santa Maria. 

San Bernardino county was represented on 
the Grange roll of three Oranges as follows: 

Rincon — F. M. .Slaughter, M.; John Taylor, Sec, 

Riverside— W. B. Russell, M.; G. W. Garc«lon, 
Sec, Riverside. 

San Bernardino — Geo. Lord, M.; H. Goodell, 
Jr., .Sec, .Sin Bernardino. 

Who will be the first to effect a reorganiza- 
tion in Southern California? Some of the offi- 
cers of the State Grange would, no doubt, be 
pleased to visit that section and get the Grange 

Have an Eye on Them. 

We mentioned some weeks ago that some 

good Grange influence at the New Constitution 
Convention of Washington and other embry- 
otic States would likely be of great importance. 
If any set of men ought to keep their heads 
cool, brains clear, and work with an eye single 
to justice to the coming millions of their fellow- 
kind, it is Constitution-builders, and we hope 
in some way the Patrons of Washington Terri- 
tory may yet make their influence felt in the de- 
liberations of their present convention. 

The following dispatch indicates that there 
are members — even too influential members — 
who have a poor way, at least, of showing ap- 
preciation of their responsibility to their con- 
stituents, the people: 

Olymi-ia, July 16th, — A few days ago J. Z. 
Moore of Spokane Falls ordered lo cases of the 
best whisky to be shipped to him from Ken- 
tucky, in order that he might keep open house 
in good old-fashioned style. 

A reporter saw the whisky delivered, and 
wrote a sensational article for a Seattle paper, 
thinking that Moore was lobbying in the inter- 
est of the Northern Pacific railroad, and bad 
imported the liquor as conducive to subtle in- 

Moore to-day roae to a question of privilege, 
had the article read, and denied he was con- 
nected with the convention in any irregular 

He explained the details of his Kentucky 
career and instanced the importation of liqaor 
as only in keeping with the old-time principles 
of hospitality for which Kentuckians are noted. 

Great applause greeted the explanation, and 
at the conclusion of the convention the dele- 
gates resorted to Moore's house and sampled 
his goods long and deeply. 

Corporations will soon begin to think that 
Postmaster-General Wanamaker knows too 
much. When he reduced the cost of Government 
telegraphing from one cent a word to one mill a 
word there was a terrible howl, and the public 
was assured that such a rate had never been 
thought of by anybody. Mr. Wanamaker re- 
plies to all this bluster by simply informing the 
blusterers that he cut down the rate because he 
had reason to know that the Western Union 
Company had given a rate as low as one mill a 
word to some of the large corporations, and he 
can see no reason why the Government should 
not receive as low a rate as the creatures of its 
own creation. There is a business man at the 
head of the Postoffice Department now, instead 
of a politician, and corporations are finding it 
out, too. — Farmers' Friend. 

Alabama Patrons should feel proud of their 
Worthy Master, Bro. Hiram Hawkins. He is 
a grand worker in the cause and has traveled 
extensively in that State, making addresses 
and awakening the interest of farmers outside 
the gates. He reports having made arrange- 
ments by which members of the Order are to 
be supplied with goods in quantity to suit, at 
actual and lowest cash wholesale rates. He 
says that before the Orange aroused itself, one 
year ago, interest on money was from 12 to 20 
per cent in his State. 

We learn from the /ar>n«r«' /"riend that oyer 
$3000 has already been expended in repairing 
the damage done to the Interstate Exhibition 
grounds at Williams' Grove by the floods, and 
the place is now in most excellent condition. 

Familiar Grange Chat. 

Watsonville Orange has a new class of 20 to 

When can Brother Past Master Steele visit 
Kibcsillah to organize a new (orange? 

Kibesillah is reached from San Francisco via 
steamer to Fort Bragg, and thence 15 mile* by 

Cannot Sonoma County Pomona Grange hold 
a forenoon session at Healdsburg, followed by 
an afternoon open meeting ? Good speakers can 
easily be secured. Santa Rosa, Bennett Valley 
and other Patrons might tarn out liberally and 
help revive the work in the north of Sonoma 

We would not advise organizing a t'irange at 
a public meeting, but have faith that at such a 
gathering as could be had at Healdsburg, sig- 
natures for reorganizing, or a new charter-list, 
could be secured, and one of the best Oranges 
in the State founded. Is it not worth a trial ? 
Brothers Whittaker, Carr, Coulter, Rogers and 
others, what do you say ? 

Contra Costa county Granges might well have 
a union meeting soon, we think, to discuss the 
matter of organizing a County Conncil. Prob- 
ably another good Council could be organized 
at Watsonville and one in San Luis Obispo 

Will Sister Hilleary write up a comprehen- 
sive article on the method of organizing County 
Councils and their advantages ? One important 
benefit we know is that derived from the fra- 
ternal visitations of the County Councils to 
their snbordinate Granges, livening and encour- 
aging every one visited. 

Bro, Kilbourne of Potter Valley promises 
some new Orange work on the part of his 
Orange when harvest is over. 

Humboldt county should have five or six 
good Oranges organized this fall. Is there not 
some one who will help the work of reorganiza- 
tion in this section ? 

The next National Orange session is not yet 
officially set for Sacramento, but is pretty cer- 
tain to be. 

An otiicial circular will be sent to each sub- 
ordinate Grange in this State after the location 
of the next session of the National Grange is 
finally settled. 

It is but a trifle over two months before the 
State Orange convenes at Sacramento. It ought 
to be a better session than any yet held, and we 
believe, somehow, it will be. There is now a 
larger nnmber of live Oranges than formerly 
and the location is central. All I'atrons should 
secure the sixth degree, in readiness to take the 
seventh from the National Orange. There is 
much of interest to attract members to the 
State Capital. Let us have a large turnout. 

Remember the time is short between now and 
the meeting of the State Orange, October 1st. 
Let the Patrons in each county try to organize, 
or reorganize, one more Orange to be represent- 
ed in the session of 1889. 

We want to hear from every Grange corre- 
spondent during the next 30 days. Tell us 
what your Orange is going to do for the next 
State Grange meeting. 

The Election of U. S. Senators. 

Probably every State Grange in the Union, 
as well as the National Grange and numerous 
subordinate organizations, has passed resolu- 
tions demanding that U, S. Senators be elected 
by direct vote of the people. This is a reform 
that the farmers seem to be a unit on. No 
partisan politics enters into the discussion of 
the question. 

At the 18SS session of the Oregon State 
Orange a resolution was adopted asking the 
senators and representatives in Congress to 
work for an amendment to the National Con- 
stitution, so that U. S. Senators shall be elected 
by the people instead of by the Legislature, as 
at present. The resolution was forwarded to 
the senators, representatives and delegates in 
Congress from that jnrisdiction. R'^plies were 
received from S>«nators Dolph and Mitchell and 
Representative Hermann. Senator Dolph merely 
acknowledged receipt of same. Senator Mitch- 
ell stated that he would present the amendment 
to the Senate, but did not state his opinion on 
it. Representative Binger Hermann fully in- 
dorsed the reform in the following language : 
" I can most earnestly and sincerely unite in 
this sentiment and labor for its realization. 
Among the first measures submitted by me two 
years ago in this Csngress i«m one proposing 
this very reform, and I renewed it session after 
session, and in this Congress at the present ses- 

At the last session of the Oregon State 
Grange, after reading the correspondence from 
the senators and congressman, a vote of thanka 
was tendered to Hon. .1. H. Mitchell and Hon. 
Binger Hermann for their efforts in behalf of 
this amendment. 

The Orange will not givn up this fight until 
the end is accomplished. We hope to hear of 
favorable action being taken on this matter at 
the next session of Congress. 

One of the pleasures of the National Grange 
session in California we trust will be the meet- 
ing of the veteran Lecturer, Mortimer White- 
head. He is the Starr King of the Grange 
fraternity. We hope to welcome him soon, 

Let every officer and live member read Bro. 
Davis' hints this week on Orange reporting and 
other duties, and profit thereby. 

July 27, 1889.] 


Travels of the Worthy Lecturer. 

No. 7-Lonclon, England. 
Editors PREf?s:— June 2l8t we went to Ches- 
ter, fifteen miles to the southwest of Liverpool. 
We crossed the river by one of the numerous 
boats that seem to be almost constantly in mo- 
tion and landed at Birkenhead, on the left haok 
of the Mersey, which is about three-fourths of 
a mile wide at Liverpool. 

Chester is said to be one of the oldest towns 
in England. It was formerly a fortified Ronian 
encampment, with walls two miles in length, 
six feet wide, and 10 to 20 feet hi>;h. We 
walked two-thirds of the distance around the 
walls, which remain in good condition. Had a 
look at the old church, whose lofty spire fell in 
1881. This wall is built alongside of the Ri?er 
Dee, and as we passed along we saw, as the 
song runs, " the water that turns the wheel that 
grinds in the mill of the River Dee;" saw the 
sands of the River Dee, and the fisherman's 
hut of the Dee. The river is spanned just 
above Chester with a stone Norman bridge 
with seven arches, and a little farther down is 
another stone bridge with a single span of 200 
feet. The old buildings that were built inside 
of this inclosure are gems of oddities. All of 
the second stories are connected by walks, ways 
or passages, and shops of all kinds are kept 
there. One can 

Walk an Entire Block 
Through the second story without going to the 
street. We took lunch in one of these peculiar 
places, and it seemed a great condescension on 
the part of the waiter to attend to our wants. 
He looked as though he was studying for the 
ministry, and was dressed for the best man of 
a swell wedding. 

Saturday morning I left my party at an early 
hour and proceeded to Burton-on-Trent to see 
where so many hops are consumed and so much 
ale is made. 1 called at Alsop's Brewery first 
to get permission to visit their premises, but 
owing to repairs being made it was closed to 
visitors. I walked down the street and braced 
myself with a glass of their best, determined 
not to be disappointed in my investigations. 

I walked through and around the market, 
and there I saw a very old wall around a very 
old church. Hearing music inside, I sauntered 
in and through the church. It was formerly a 
Catholic cathedral, but is now occupied by the 
Protestants. Going down the aisle to where 
the minister officiates, 1 saw a golden eagle on 
a staff, with wings outstretched, supporting the 
Bible on his back. Looking back down the 
aisle, I saw an Eaglishman with his little son. 
I said to him: " I think everything is all right 
here, for I see the American eagle is supporting 
the Bible on his back." He gave assent, and 
from that we became friends. He pointed out 
to me some noted graves. Among them was 
that of Mr. Baas, the original founder of the 
Bi8S Brewing Company. This Englishman was 
an employe of the Bass Company, and he said 
he would 

Escort Me Through their Works 
If I could get permission, as he was off duty 
that day. He said: " You go to the ofiice and 
apply for permission, for they will treat you 
with more consideration than me, I being merely 
a laboring man." I went to the desk of their 
fine office, where several clerks were employed, 
and asked permission to inspect their works. 
The clerk asked my name and went to his desk 
and wrote out a permit to the different depart- 
ments. I stood with my hat on, while the 
Englishman had his under his arm. An attend- 
ant was called to show us around, and after 
showing us through the fine oflioes and rooms 
we piloted ourselves. 

We were shown the room where the stock- 
holders meet, also one used by the directors. 
The directors' room was very elaborate. Each 
director has his monogram on the back of a fine 
chair. I was shown Lord Burton's chair and 
the desk where he presides, he being the presi- 
dent of the company. I dropped down into his 
chair, took off my hat, and imagined for a mo- 
ment that I was presiding over the delibera- 
tions of the largest brewing company in the 

Keeping onr permit in hand, we passed from 
one department to another, and were treated in 
the kindest manner. We could hardly pass 
from one to another without sampling some of 
the fiuest kind of ale. We went upstairs sev- 
eral flights and down in basements, across streets 
and around blocks, and it was all brewing — re- 
pairing, hauling of coal and material for their 

'They employ ten locomotives to do their 
hauling, and brew in the hight of the season 
.30,000 casks a week. We went up to the high 
loft to see the hop department. The rooms are 
dark and close. The attendant went around 
with us with a lantern and lit the gas in the 
different rooms. There were not less than six or 
eight large, wide and high rooms. Their ob- 
3 set is 

To Keep the Hops Dry 
And away from light and draught. I saw more 
bops in 30 minutes than I ever saw at any one 

They use 10,000 bales a year. They have 
three powerful hydraulic presses to press every 
particle of juice out of the hops, after they 
have been boiled and steamed. The guide who 
was with me said the brewers lost nothing but 
the steam. 

A good portion of this town seems to be de- 
voted to brewing, and I learn it is because of 
some peculiarity of the water. They use about 
half New York and half Kent hops. I saw a 

few from the Pacific Coast, and they admitted 
they were No. 1, and all I believe necessary to 
give our hops a name is a little more care in 
their production and a friend to introduce them. 

I left Mr. H. to attend to the whims of the 
three ladies, answer their numerous questions, 
act as a cushion to be kicked when things do 
not go right, and pilot them to a safe harbor in 
London. For this kind act I expect from 
Mrs. H. 

A Vote of Thanks, 
Engrossed on parchment tied up with a yellow 

Mrs. H. well remembers the conspicuous win- 
dow that her husband occupied while passing 
through the Mormon country, and the many 
questions he asked of their customs and the 
price of children's shoes. I think one more ex- 
perience like this will content Mr. H. with the 
purchase of one set of gloves or one set of hose 
at a time. 

Going by different routes, we all arrived at 
our hotel in London within three minutes of 
each other. 

Learning that Spurgeon was to preach in his 
tabernacle, we hurried there to get a good seat. 
At the gate stands a man with little envelopes, 
and close by a large box. If you contribute 
something to this box, it permits you to go into 
the church and take a temporary seat at the 
side of the aisle, ready for a good seat when the 
bell rings five minutes before service, at 11 a.m. 
It is a very large church, with two tiers of gal- 
leries entirely around the church. 

Spurgeon preaches from a circular platform 
on a level with the first gallery. Nothing but 
a plain railing in front of him, with an ordinary 
mahogany table, the Bible resting on a small 
desk on the table. A cheap mahogany chair 
stands by his side, on which he rests his right 
hand, and which he frequently moves with one 
or both hands. He is about 55 years of age, 
five feet eight or five feet nine high, weighs 220 
pounds, has a large head and face, thick hair 
slightly gray, side whiskers, no mustache, wears 
eye-glasses when reading, wears a frock coat 
with long skirts, not of the latest style, turned- 
down collar, black necktie; is dark complex- 
ioned or sun-burned, and looks more like 

A Down-East Farmer 
Than a preacher. There is no organ. In a 
circle in front of and below him sat say 30 or 
40 singers. He would read a verse, and then 
they would sing, alternating throughout. He 
read two chapters between the singing, with a 
running comment on each. He then offered one 
of the most exhaustive, pathetic and childlike 
prayers that it has ever been my lot to listen to. 
He remembered America and her citizens who 
were present, in his plea before the throne, but 
left out the Qaeen and her royal family. His 
text was, "Jesus wept." He said he had a 
strong prejudice against the man who with his 
little hatchet had chopped the New Testament 
into chapters, but respected him for not reduc- 
ing this chapter any more. It was the shortest 
and yet the longest chapter in the B.ble. He 
preached just 474 minutes, to the most attentive 
audience, in a clear, distinct manner, and in 
language that all could understand — no effort 
for strained effect or high-sounding words. 

Take it all in all, it was an able effort-, in 
simple language, and it seems as if he must 
preach as much for the love of it as for popu- 
lirity. He speaks the plain English language, 
without the cockney or brogue, slightly drop- 
ping the /(. 

We went over the Thames on the celebrated 
London bridge. Saw the Corn Exchange, Bank 
of England, and several novel sights, of which 
I will speak more in the future. D. Flint. 
London, June 23d. 

Dangers in Debris-Dams. 

A correspondent of the Scientific American, 
writing of the disaster at Johnstown, Penn- 
sylvania, says: 

The plains of the Upper Indus are said to be 
strewn with angular bloclts — not rolled by ordinary 
river action — and their presence has been explained 
by the supposition that huge landslides, having from 
time to time formed dams across the mouths of 
mountain gorges in Lower Cashmir, created tem- 
porary lakes, and that when these pent-up waters, 
overtopping the dam, let themselves loose they were 
mixed with sufficient earth to form a flood of density 
enough to carry with it debris equal to glacial 

That affords a pretty good illustration of 
what might be expected in case the hydraulick- 
ers were allowed to make a debris-dam at the 
Narrows of the Yuba river by blasting and 
dumping in rock and earth from the sides of 
the canyon, which was the manner of construc- 
tion they proposed. The dumping and blasting 
would be but a slow way of creating such an 
obstruction as nature could accomplish in a 
minute, through a huge landslide. But the 
same results could be expected to follow. 
Sooner or later, such a debria-dam would col- 
lapse from the simple pressure of the water be- 
hind it, or would be washed out at some time 
of extraordinary flood. Then the greater part 
of the previously arrested material would be 
carried far down into the valley, whose last 
state would thus be made worse than the first. 

Even though debris dams might be construct- 
ed at enormous cost, of solid masonry, with the 
object of making them stand, they would be no 
remedy for the debris evil. The water flowing 
over them, during a general resumption of hy- 
draulic mining, would surely bring down 
enough slickens in suspension to fill up the 
river-channels in the valley. — Marysville Ap- 

From Worthy Overseer Davis. 

Messrs. Editors: — Encouragement is quite 
a reward for labor done, as well as an incentive 
for work yet to be done. Seeing myself in 
type last week, and appreciating your kindly 
editorial note, encourages me to "try again." 
It is unfortunate to say that the subordinate 
Granges of California do not appear to want to 
hear from one another very often, for if they 
did, they would surely avail themselves of the 
opportunity offered through the Rural, and 
send some news, notes of each meeting. By 
reference to the directory of Grange meetings, 
as published in the last issue of the Patron, it 
is discovered that there are 28 subordinate 
Grange meetings on the first Saturday; 18 
Grange sessions on the second Saturday; 25 
Grange meetings on the third Saturday; 16 
Grange meetings on the fourth Saturday of 
each month. There are seven Granges that do 
not report the day or time of meeting. Two 
Granges meet on the first Thursday of each 
month; one meets on the last Saturday of each 
month. Two Granges consult the full moon in 
holding their monthly gatherings, and two 
Granges meet every other Saturday. This 
summary does not include the meetings of the 
four Pomona Granges. It seems to me that no 
subordinate Grange can hold a meeting when 
something worthy of note is not said or done. 
Now, if some member of that Grange will but 
report to the Patron and Press, what a splendid 
lot of Grange news we would have every week. 
Every reader, if a Patron, would feel as if he 
had visited and been refreshed by a score of 
Grange visits. Then again, it does your sub- 
ordinate Grange and your home locality good 
to be seen in print. Try it. Secretaries, try it. 
Masters, try it, members of every subordinate 
Grange in California. 

Roseville Grange had a splendid meeting 
Saturday, July 20th, and after conferring the 
third and fourth degrees — Combined Ritual — 
on a class of five candidates, the Harvest Feast 
was duly celebrated. The Worthy Master, 
Bro. E. L. Hawk, assisted by a full corps of 
competent officers, presided with ease and dig- 
nity. The feast was superb. No use to try to 
say more about it. Words fail to do full justice 
to the spread. 

District Lecturer, Sister Cross, was present, 
and, assisted by the officers and members of 
Roeeville Grange, made the visit of the writer 
more than pleasant and more than profit- 
able. On my return trip to Auburn, hav- 
ing a permit to ride on a freight train by 
paying first-class passenger fare, I had a bit of 
what might have been " experience." At New- 
castle the " caboose," in which I was the only 
person, and one heavily loaded freight car, con- 
cluded to leave the track. Seeing the " inevi- 
table " in time, the Worthy Overseer of the C. 
S. G. lost no time in getting from that "caboose 
out." After some high and lofty tumbling he 
landed on mother earth just about the time the 
caboose left the rails. No damage done to man 
or cars. Some delay in getting supper, and it 
is reported there was some " cussing " done by 
one of the railroad employes. 

Bro. J. C. Burns, the Worthy Master of Eu- 
reka Grange, visited Roseville Grange and en- 
joyed their Harvest Feast. He says he will be 
at the State Grange in October, and that with- 
out fail. We would suggest that he look about 
and see if he cannot find some tine young lady 
who is willing to share honors with him at Sac- 
ramento. Bro. Burns is a good Patron, but, 
unfortunately, he is a bachelor. 

Eureka Grange expects to confer the degrees 
at the next meeting. 

Sister Still, daughter of W. M. Still of Mag- 
nolia Grange, visited RDseville Grange, and as- 
sisted in the singing, on the occasion of their 
last Harvest Feast. 

Every reader of the Rural must appreciate, 
and, no doubt, all enjoy the spicy and splendid 
letters from the pen of our W. L., Bro. Daniel 
Flint. How I wish we had more such Patrons 1 
What a grand time he and Sister Flint must be 
having, frisking about in Old Ireland, Bonny 
Scotland, Foggy England, and Fairy France ! 

We will expect much of him on his return. 
Bon voyage home, Bro. Flint. E. W. D. 

Auburn, July 23, 'S9. 

The Harmful Debris.— In a telegraphic ab- 
stract of Maj. Heuer's report on river and har- 
bor improvements on this coast, dated Wash- 
ington, July 15th, occurs the following: The 
sum of $112,000 can be profitably expended on 
Sacramento and Feather rivers. Hydraulic min- 
ing has not yet ceased, consequently there is yet 
unexpended by authority of Congress '$122,- 
367.99. When the mining ceases, then the army 
of engineers will begin with the projected itn- 
provements with any moneys appropriated in 
future, unless otherwise directed by Congresa. 
Below Marysville both the Sacramento and the 
Feather rivers continue to deteriorate, and nav- 
igation is obstructed because of the material 
mined and dumped into the rivers and their 
tributaries. No work has been done on the 
Feather river during the past year. 

Brother J. H. Brioham, Worthy Master of 
the National Grange, will address each of the 
several Pomona Granges in New Hampshire 
during the week commencing August 12th. 
Ha then proceeds to Maine, where he will be 
engaged until September. 

March Grange had a very interesting meet- 
ing on the 13th inst., whioli concluded with a 
treat of ice cream and cakes. 

Merced Grange Discusses Plowing. 

Messrs. Editors : — At the last meeting of 
the Merced Grange of the Patrons of Hus- 
bandry we discussed the subject of plowing. 

The question was discussed as only snch prac- 
tical farmers as Bros. Atwater, Bickford, 
Landers, Ilealy, Elliott and Adam Kahl would 
discuss it. We discussed the advantages and 
disadvantages of shallow, wet, deep and dry 
plowing, and of summer-fallow and winter 
plowing, and also of double plowing. 

Upon the subject of double plowing, the 
question arose as to whether or not the first or 
second plowing should be the deeper. It was 
finally and unanimously conceded by the 
Grange that more land could be summer- 
fallowed by plowing shallow the first time. 
This has been the practice here, since it kills 
the weeds, loosens the ground, allows the rain 
to penetrate deeper, and renders the soil capa- 
ble of retaining the moisture longer. This 
would enable farmers to continue their summer- 
fallowing up to harvest time, as the ground 
would then be in fairly good condition to 

Upon the other hand, it was agreed by all 
that land plowed deep the first time and 
shallow the second would have the effect of 
killing more wild oats and weeds than by the 
other method, for the reason that but few seeds 
will germinate if plowed in seven or eight 
inches deep, whereas those which are only three 
inches from the surface would be killed by the 
second shallow plowing, especially if followed 
by a harrow. 

No one approved of dry plowing, although it 
was conceded that in wet seasons dry plowing 
has produced fair crops. However, in this 
locality, experience teaches us that the best 
results are obtained from summer-fallowed 
land. H. J. O. 

Merced, July 17th. 

Temescal Grange. 

Mes.srs. Editors:— On rare occasions it is 
the privilege of men to listen to an address by 
one who possesses both eloquence and knowl- 
edge in a marked degree, who, having spent the 
best part of a lifetime in acquiring some branch 
of information, possesses both the inclination 
and the ability to impart it to others. 

Such was the happy privilege of Temescal 
Grange when, on the occasion of their regular 
meeting, Saturday, July 20th, Bro. Perkins 
arose and delivered one of the most able and 
comprehensive addresses on the subject of 
"Drying and Preparing Fruit for Market." 

In the course of his extended remarks he de- 
scribed at length the methods of treating differ- 
ent fruits, advocating evaporating in preference 
to sun-drying, and laying great stress on the 
cleaner product obtained by that method. He 
stated that when fruit is dried in the sun, more 
or less dirt settles on it, which, to a person who 
desires clean food, greatly impairs its value. 
This dirt may be visible to the naked eye, or it 
may not be discernible by the aid of a micro- 
scrope; but it is there and must be washed off 
before the fruit can be cooked. Washing the 
fruit removes much of the flavor. This is not 
necessary with evaporated fruit. 

Bro. Dewey requested Bro. Perkins to write 
out his remarks for publication in the Rural 
Press, but the latter stated that he was so 
crowded with work that it would be an im- 
possibility for him to find time to do so at 
present. He promised, however, that as soon 
as he should have more leisure he would en- 
deavor to do so. 

Bro. Goodenough, discussing the same matter, 
said that sun-dried fruit was sometimes, so far 
as appearances were concerned, identical with 
evaporated fruit. He stated that, the preced- 
ing season, he had dried some apricots in the 
sun and consigned them to parties without 
stating that they were sun-dried; that neither 
he nor anybody else could see any difference 
between them and evaporated fruit; that the 
parties to whom he had shipped had sold them, 
as he found by the returns, for evaporated fruit. 
He stated that, on the score of cleanliness, he 
was in favor of evaporated fruits. 

After some further discussion, the subject of 
a road from Oakland to Walnut Creek and the 
San Ramon valley; tunneling the mountains, 
was brought up and discussed by several mem- 

Then followed some remarks by Bro. Ren- 
wick on the subject of the Oakland free market. 
The brother expressed considerable doabt as to 
whether it was extensively patronized by 
farmers or was of any great benefit to them. 

After some extended remarks by Bro. Dewey 
on the subject of the coming meetings of the 
State and National Granges, and also on the 
outlook for Grange organization in Mendocino 
and Humboldt counties, the Grange closed in 
ample form. 

The meeting was one of the largest held by 
this Grange for years, except on harvest-feast 
days or other extra announcements. Frater- 
nally yours, H. 

Oranoe County. — Official returns of the Or- 
ange county election show that the "non- 
partisan " ticket carried the day, from top to 
bottom, w